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SECTION 16280

AUTOMATIC REACTIVE POWER COMPENSATION


DEWAN Building - UAQ Electrical Specifications
Block 1, Sector 8 Plot 6, Al Khor 1, UAE Section 16280: Automatic Reactive Power Compensation

AUTOMATIC REACTIVE POWER COMPENSATION

TABLE OF CONTENT

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

1.2 WARRANTY

PART 2 - PRODUCTS AND SYSTEMS

2.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

2.2 LOW VOLTAGE CAPACITORS

2.3 CONTACTORS

2.4 POWER FACTOR CONTROLLER

2.5 ENCLOSURES

PART 3 - FIELD AND INSTALLATION WORK

3.1 INSTALLATION

3.2 INSPECTION AND TESTS ON SITE

VOLUME II Part 3 Page No. 2 of 7


DEWAN Building - UAQ Electrical Specifications
Block 1, Sector 8 Plot 6, Al Khor 1, UAE Section 16280: Automatic Reactive Power Compensation

AUTOMATIC REACTIVE POWER COMPENSATION

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. ELECTRICAL WORK GENERALLY is to be in accordance with the requirement


of Section 16000 of the Specification.

B. DESCRIPTION OF WORK: Capacitor banks installation for automatic


power factor compensation for full compliance to AUTHORITYs in addition to the
specifications herein.

C. STANDARDS: The capacitor banks panel shall be manufactured in accordance


with AUTHORITY regulations and standards in addition to IEC 60831-1, IEC 60831-
2, IEC 60439-1, ISO 9001 and ISO 14000.

D. EQUIPMENT DATA: submit for approval detailed description of capacitor banks


panel and major components supported by manufacturers catalogues, indicating
compliance with the Standards, equipment characteristics, details of construction,
operating data, dimensions and weights etc. Give details of miscellaneous items
including incoming and outgoing feeder terminal arrangement, connections at
busbars, isolating, earthing, interlocks, control devices, digital indicating and
metering instruments etc.

E. TEST AND CERTIFICATES: submit complete certified manufacturers type and


routine test records, in accordance with the Standards

F. SHOP AND CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS: submit drawings for approval including,


but not limited to, the following:
1. Plans and elevation with indication of built- on equipment, exact
dimensions and weights.
2. Arrangement of boards inside rooms allocated, indicating spaces and
clearances.
3. Arrangement of equipment inside board.
4. One- line diagram of power system showing current ratings of switchgear and
types and locations of protective gear (relays, instruments, CT s, VT s etc.)
5. All protecting devices shall show: the Short circuit current value, the voltage
drop, the indirect protection function in case of a fault with respect the
earthing system.
6. Schematic and elementary diagrams of control circuits.
7. Foundation details, grouting holes, installation details.
8. Arrangement of incoming and outgoing feeders, terminal fittings,
instruments, busbar connections etc.

G. TECHNICAL LITERATURE: submit the following for approval prior to placing


orders for equipment manufacture:
1. Selection of capacitor bank rating, indicating type, range,
features and characteristics.etc.
2. All documents required by AUTHORITY and/or Civil Defense in the format
required by these parties.
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DEWAN Building - UAQ Electrical Specifications
Block 1, Sector 8 Plot 6, Al Khor 1, UAE Section 16280: Automatic Reactive Power Compensation

3. Method of setting of protective devices as coordinated with upstream and


downstream systems based on specific coordination curves of protective
devices used and specific calculated prospective short- circuit currents at
various points.
4. Test methods on site and references.

H. TOOLS AND INSTRUMENTS: provide tools and instruments required for normal
routine inspection and maintenance and testing of circuit breakers and
protective devices as appropriate for type of switchgear supplied.

1.2 WARRANTY

A. General Warranty: The special warranty specified in this Article shall not deprive
the Owner of other rights the Owner may have under other provisions of the
Contract Documents and shall be in addition to, and run concurrent with, other
warranties made by the Contractor under requirements of the Contract
Documents.

B. Special Warranty: A written warranty, signed by Contractor and manufacturer,


agreeing to replace any component of the system including controllers, capacitors
and/or contactors that do not meet requirements or that fail within the specified
warranty period.

1. Warranty Period: 2 years from date of Substantial Completion for any


component of the system.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS AND SYSTEMS

2.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

A. Capacitor banks for automatic compensation, rating and steps numbers as shown on
drawings.
The capacitor bank shall be of the detuned overrated type for polluted network
where the ratio of apparent power of harmonics producing loads to total apparent
power is between 15 and 25%.

B. Capacitor banks shall include, but not limited to capacitors, contactors,


controllers and enclosures.

C. The Capacitor banks shall include network management card for Ethernet
connection.

2.2 LOW VOLTAGE CAPACITORS

A. The capacitor bank has the followings minimum features:


1. Capacitors shall be dry type, three phases, metallized film, self-healing
type, with polypropylene or similar dielectric. The capacitors rated voltage
shall be 470V, 3 phases, 50 Hz.
2. The use of polychlorinated biphenols (PCB) and oil as the capacitor
impregnation are not acceptable.
3. The losses in watts shall not exceed 0.5W/kVAR, discharge resistor included.
4. The capacitor shall operate satisfactory at 110% of nominal voltage
and 130% of nominal current at rated voltage and frequency.
5. The capacitor shall be designed to operate safely in the listed below
temperature limits:
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DEWAN Building - UAQ Electrical Specifications
Block 1, Sector 8 Plot 6, Al Khor 1, UAE Section 16280: Automatic Reactive Power Compensation

a. Minimum: -25C / Maximum: +55C


b. Average over 24 hours: +45C
c. Annual average: +35C.
6. The insulation level should be 6kV wisthstand voltage (1min at 50Hz) and
25kV impulse test withstand voltage (1.2/50 microsecondes).
7. Each element forming the three phases capacitor shall be fitted with:
a. One HRC cartridge fuse.
b. One overpressure disconnect device.
c. One integral discharge resistor, to ensure that the capacitor is discharged
to a voltage not exceeding 50V measured at the capacitor terminals, one
minute after disconnection from the power supply.
8. The group of each element forming a three phases capacitor unit shall be
installed in a plastic enclosure.
a. The capacitor shall be indoor type.
b. Each capacitor shall be provided with three terminal pads.
9. Ingress of protection: IP42 to IEC 529.
10. The three phase capacitor shall be mounted on vertical plate.
a. Each element of the three phases capacitor shall be installed in
horizontal position in order to improve natural cooling.
11. Type tests carried out on similar three phase capacitor banks, by
independent and recognized laboratory shall be supplied.

2.3 CONTACTORS

A. Are to comply with IEC 947 and be 3-phase, 3- pole, magnetic type, 600V rating,
capable of interrupting at least ten times rated capacitive current under normal
service conditions and are to have replaceable main arcing contacts and arc
quenching devices. Contactors are to withstand, without welding or burning of
contacts, an inrush current of 20 times normal rating for 4 seconds upon closing
and are to be capable of closing on the heaviest short-circuit of the system and
withstand the short circuit for the period of time required by upstream short circuit
protective device to operate. Contactors shall have a utilization category AC-6B
where the test data are to be derived from the AC-3 or AC-4 test values in
accordance with table VIIb of IEC 60947-4-1.

2.4 POWER FACTOR CONTROLLER

A. The power factor controller has the following minimum features:


1. Panel or DIN rail mounting.
2. Phase to phase or phase to neutral connection.
3. Independent alarm contact.
4. Four regulation program.
5. Seven step combination.
6. A quality alphanumerical display that enables the:
a. Display of the power factor and the energized steps.
b. Indication of alarm tripping.
c. Visualization of setting and programming operations.
d. Temperature inside capacitor bank.
e. Capacitance loss of each capacitor step.
f. Current overload.
g. Total voltage harmonic distortion.
h. Overvoltage.
i. An alarm shall be activated if the programmed thresholds are exceeded:
1) Closing of the alarm contact, message on display, indication by red LED.
2) In situations of over voltage, over temperature or capacitor overload, all
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DEWAN Building - UAQ Electrical Specifications
Block 1, Sector 8 Plot 6, Al Khor 1, UAE Section 16280: Automatic Reactive Power Compensation

compensation steps are automatically disconnected in order to protect the


equipment.
7. In addition to the above mentioned alarms, at least five (5)
programmable additional alarm situations can be detected and reported on
the display and to the BMS.
8. The controller shall be able to achieve the following:
a. Overcompensation prevention.
b. Power factor correction with fixed step.
c. Minimum power factor.

2.5 ENCLOSURES

A. Enclosures shall be rigidly framed and bolted, with electro-galvanized sheet steel
enclosures, minimum thickness 1.5 mm, phosphatized, primed with rust inhibiting
primer and finished with thermal polymerized polyester epoxy powder coating,
gray color (RAL 7703 or ANSI 61) to approval. Panel is to be vermin, dust and
rodent proof, IP42 protection to IEC 529 for indoor installations, with adequate
lifting means and base- frames and capable of being moved into position and
directly bolted to floor without additional sills.

PART 3 - FIELD AND INSTALLATION WORK

3.1 INSTALLATION

A. EQUIPMENT BASES: ensure that concrete bases and foundations provided for
installation of equipment are constructed in accordance with approved shop and
equipment manufacturers drawings and those holes for fixing bolts and provisions
for passage of cables etc. are provided as required.

B. CABLE TRENCHES: ensure that trench construction and covers provided for
installation of power and control cables are in accordance with approved shop and
construction drawings.

C. BUILT- IN ITEMS: ensure that equipment supports, fixings and the like, and
sleeves for passage of feeders and cables which are to be built into concrete
foundations, bases, cable trenches or building structure are provided as and
when required and that they are properly installed.

D. EQUIPMENT: install on concrete bases etc., and assemble completely plumb and
level, before grouting in holding- down bolts.

E. SUPPORTS AND TERMINATIONS: install all incoming and outgoing cable supports,
cables ends and termination fittings required for power and control cables.

F. RELAYS: set in accordance with manufactures instructions and in


accordance with an approved scheme.

G. MAKE GOOD: damaged painted surfaces, clean and apply rust inhibiting prime
coat and two finishing coats of approved enamel upon delivery of equipment to site,
or as required by the Engineer.

3.2 INSPECTION AND TESTS ON SITE

A. EQUIPMENT: inspect- equipment upon delivery to site and report any damage to the
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DEWAN Building - UAQ Electrical Specifications
Block 1, Sector 8 Plot 6, Al Khor 1, UAE Section 16280: Automatic Reactive Power Compensation

Engineer.

B. SWITCHGEAR: inspect and check capacitor bank for completeness, component


ratings, types, sizes, and wiring connections. Check phasing of busbars, contacts
and clearances.

C. TEST: after installation and before hand over, carry out all tests required by the
governing codes and any other tests the Engineer may require to check compliance
of installation with the Specification, including insulation resistance tests and
operational tests (compensation).

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