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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

SURVEY PROCEDURE
FOR
PIPELINE MATTRESS
INSTALLATION

Author: ABISOYE OLUWO Page 1


SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

Table of Contents
1.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................. 3

2.0 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS ...................................................................................................... 3

3.0 REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................... 3

4.0 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES............................................................................................. 4

5.0 ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH AND SAFETY .............................................................................. 4

6.0 MOBILIZATION AND PROJECT RESOURCES ...................................................................... 8

7.0 FIELD OPERATION ................................................................................................................... 12

8.0 EXECUTION PROCEDURES .................................................................................................... 14

9.0. DEMOBILIZATION .................................................................................................................... 15

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

1.0 SCOPE
This document highlights the Procedures for Surface Positioning and Subsea Monitoring to
support the Pre-installation, Installation and Post-Installation operations of protective mattresses on
Subsea Riser Spools and Pipelines with concrete mattresses onboard a Dive Support Vessel (DSV).

While this document serves to outline the methodologies, there will be certain activities and
vessel movements that will be planned, defined, agreed, and coordinated on site between the
Parties involved and the various Vessel Masters. This will include, but not be limited to, Vessel
standby locations, Vessel mooring line details, mooring connection points, etc.

2.0 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

Term Definitio
BMS n
Barge Management System
Company TBA
Contractor TBA
CALM Cantenary Anchor Leg Mooring
C-O Calculated Minus Observed
CTD Conductivity-Temperature-Depth
CRP Central Reference Point
DSV Dive Support Vessel
DGPS Differential Global Positioning System
DPR Daily Progress Report
HES Health, Environment & Safety
TRA Task Risk Analysis
KP Kilometer Point
LBL Long Base Line
MRU Motion Reference Unit
PLEM Pipeline End Manifold
RPL Route Position List
TMS Tug Management System
USBL Ultra Short Base Line
WGS World Geodetic System

3.0 REFERENCES
3.1 Companysupplied Drawings and References
These are documents to be supplied by the Company to the Contractor. This includes but is not
limited to the following; Base Map of the Work Location, Contract Document, Drawing Index,
Pipeline Route, Riser Spool Details, Riser Support and Riser Clamp Details, Riser Sections and
Details.

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

3.2 Contractorsupplied Documentation and Drawings


These are documentations to be supplied by the Contractor to the Company. This include but are not
limited to the following; Project Execution Plan, Project HSE Plan, Emergency Response Plan,
Project Quality Plan, , Survey Dive Support during Mattress Installation, Pre-Installation Survey
Procedure, Fuel Transfer Procedure, Personnel Transfer Procedure, JHA for Jacket Installation,
JHA for Marine Pre-Installation Survey, JHA for Mooring Operations, Overall Field Layout.

4.0 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES


Contractor responsibilities shall include but are not limited to the following:

Submission of methodology and field procedures.


Submission of data processing and interpretation procedures.
Submission of quality control and data management procedures.
Project organization offshore and onshore.
Submission of current equipment certification.
Submission of CVs of prospective field team members for 24hour operation.
Submission of Mobilization/Demobilization Plan.

5.0 ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH AND SAFETY


Contractor shall adhere strictly and comply with Environment, Health and Safety rules, regulations,
procedures and policies such as:

Alcohol and Drug Policy


Transport Policy
Environmental Compliance
Emergency Response
Incident Reporting
PPE Regulations
Medicals and Safety Trainings
Audit and Inspection
Task Risk Assessment and Hazard Identification
Toolbox Meetings, Safety Meetings etc.

5.1 Personnel Protective Equipment

At the most basic level, offshore staff shall take sensible responsibility for their personal health and
safety, and that of their co-workers. When venturing out on deck appropriate safety gear shall be
worn at all times, this will include, but not limited to:

Full sleeve coveralls


Safety helmet
Safety boots
Safety glasses
Ear defenders
Gloves.

When working near the side of the DSV/vessel or on the back deck, a life jacket or work-vest will be
worn. The Party Chief has responsibility for all health and safety matters relating to survey safety at

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

all times on this project, although ALL personnel have a duty to perform tasks in a safe and
appropriate manner. Appropriate PPE shall be worn by personnel at ALL times when on deck
involved in survey operations. This will include, but not be limited to, coveralls, safety helmet,
safety boots, and gloves if handling wire or equipment. A Life Jacket shall be worn when engaged in
work at or near the side of the DSV/vessel.

The HSE Officer shall ensure that personnel onboard the survey vessel comply with all safety
regulations at all times. He shall also have responsibility for maintaining all safety records and also
for reporting all safety observations and violations to the Party Chief and also to the client
representative.

A documented safety meeting involving the Party Chief, client representative(s) and Captain and
ALL available crew members will be held during mobilization and survey location. Toolbox Talks
shall also be held as applicable prior to deployment / recovery of equipment or before any non-
routine task. The purpose of the Toolbox talk will be to discuss the objectives, plan the operation
and allocate personnel and resources.

5.2 HSE notice boards

Crew HSE notice board will be located in a strategic place on the vessel to cascade other
informations such as:

Company HSE policies


HSE Memos
Crew HSE Objectives
Minutes of HSE meetings
Monthly HSE Reports
Best Practice notifications
Safety alerts
Action items status sheet

5.3 Safety Operations

Upon arrival onboard the vessel, all personnel shall undergo an induction briefing that will address
the primary safety issues surrounding the vessel and the general offshore operations.

An induction shall be conducted by the HSE officer and other visual aids shall be utilized.

Personnel shall be made aware of the following issues:

Life boat drills and fire drill procedures


Escape routes
Protective clothing requirements
Risk assessment procedure

All operations shall be carried out in a safe and responsible manner. Safety policies and safe
practices shall be considered at all times. Personnel shall actively participate in schemes designed to
enhance their health and safety onboard the vessel.

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

5.4 Personnel Transfer

All personnel shall board the DSV/vessel at client requested location and personnel transfer
anticipated offshore shall be done via a COMPANY approved means of personnel transfer.

5.5 Emergency Response Plan (ERP)

The crew maintains ERP plans for responding to potential emergencies as specified in GOSL Site
Specific Emergency Response Plans (ERP). The ERP details the following:

Specific emergency procedures


Crew organizational structure during an emergency
Crew responsibilities during an emergency
Crew authority during an emergency.

5.6 Medical / Emergency Response Plan

The Medical/Emergency Response Plan is illustrated as below;

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

Accident or Emergency

First Aid at scene of Accident

Survey Party Chief

Client Contractor's Office HSE Manager

Informs Medical and Logistics Report to Operations Manager Liaise with Client for Transport
with accident report and Medical aid onshore

Arrangement for Transport Files and Records the accident


report

Arrangement to provide Liaise with Hospital for


immediate medical aid medical report of victim upon
his admission

Notifies party Chief to prepare


victim for Medivac

Victim evacuated from offshore


field

Victim transported to Hospital


via Ambulance

HSC Manager collects medical


report from Hospital for Victim

HSC Manager Close out the


accident report after
investigation

5.7 Communication

Communication is a vital operational requirement and will be treated as such. Therefore,


communication will be established between Project Crew and Client as well as GOSL base office via
the following means:

Global satellite for mobile communication (GSM) where there is network service or email where
internet facility is available.

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

VHF-FM Receivers can also be used to pass the message to other facilities onwards to base office if no
means of communications are available. At any point in time, whichever service is quickly accessible
will be used.

6.0 MOBILIZATION AND PROJECT RESOURCES


6.1 Mobilization

Prior to starting the installation of the equipment on board the DSV, it shall be confirmed that all
equipment has arrived using the equipment checklist. This includes all the necessary tools, tested
equipment, safety gear and clothing, consumables, handbooks, equipment and software manuals,
software (with full complement of backups) and documents issued during the briefing. During the
unpacking of the equipment they shall be checked for any loss, omission or damage. In the event of
omission, loss or damage, the Party Chief shall report the deficiency to the Project Manager and
arrange repair or replacement at the earliest opportunity.

Company is requested to ensure that all permits and permissions to conduct survey operations in the
fields and along the proposed routes are obtained.

The mobilization consists of the following activities as a minimum:

a.) Select the best locations for navigation and antennae.

b.) Installation of all survey equipment at the destined location.

c.) Function test of each individual system and / or peripheral (including all the spare systems).

d.) Individual interfacing checks to each sensor and subsequently a check of all systems as one
entity simulating the operational situation as near as possible

e.) The offline and backup systems/software shall be tested with reference to accessibility as a
minimum.

f.) Carry out gyro calibration and GPS verification.

g.) Measure and document vessel offsets and check these by scaling them off a large scale vessel
plan.

h.) Secure all equipment and store spares and consumables on a dry and easy accessible location.

All checks and calibrations accomplished during the mobilization shall be documented to ensure that
all equipment is tested prior to departure.

During mobilization all calibrations and verifications shall be in accordance with section 7.1 and must
be conducted prior to the commencement of any work.

At completion of the mobilization activities, the survey personnel shall make themselves familiar
with the vessel's safety procedures, equipment and escape routes. Personnel shall at all times adhere
to the vessel's safety regulations and join safety meetings and drills as instructed.

Contractor shall mobilize all positioning systems on the DSV as specified after all necessary audits.

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

6.2 Personnel

The following survey crew is proposed for the project:

1 x Party Chief
2 x Online Surveyors
2 x Survey Engineers

6.3 Survey Equipment

The following survey equipment / software (or similar) shall be present onboard a dedicated DSV:

2 x Primary Positioning: DGPS (C-NAV) with accuracy 1m


Software: EIVA NaviPac
1 x Motion Sensor: TSS Motion Reference Unit
1 x Total station Leica TS-09
1 x Monitoring Sonar Sector scan
2 x Gyro-compass: SG Brown with an accuracy of 0.1
1 x USBL Applied Acoustics 900 series

Mobilization activities shall be deemed complete with the survey personnel making themselves
familiar with the DSVs safety procedures, equipment and escape routes. Personnel shall at all times
adhere to the DSV's safety regulations and join safety meetings and drills as instructed.

6.4 Geodetic References and Datums

The Geodetic, Projection and Transformation parameters to be utilized for the survey positioning and
subsea monitoring throughout the duration of the mattress installation shall be supplied by the
Company.

6.5 Geodetic Computation Check

On completion of mobilization, a geodetic computation check shall be conducted using the online
navigation software to transform a coordinate from WGS 84 datum to the reference local datum
specified by the Company.

A datum transformation result for the geodetic computation shall be shown on a table as illustrated
below;

Datum Transformation Example

Geographical Coordinates Grid Coordinates


Spheroid / Datum
Latitude Longitude Easting Northing

Source:

Table 1: Datum Transformation Example

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

6.6 Survey Units

The survey units of measure to be used during the project are represented in the table below.

Project Survey Units

Type Unit

Local Time (GMT + 01:00 hours).


Time
GPS data will be logged in GMT + 00:00 hours.
Linear units International Meters (m).
Velocity Meters per second (m/s).
Angular units Degrees, Minutes, Seconds ( ).

Table 2: Project Survey Units

6.7 Project Deliverable Checklist

The list of deliverables is to be transferred from the DSV to the Project Manager throughout the
duration of the project and at the time of demobilization is shown below.

Deliverable Check List

Item Formats / Media Required Completed

Project Setup

Personnel responsibilities and WEP


Hard copy
awareness

Vessel offset and layout diagram AutoCAD & PDF

Geodesy computation check PDF

Calibrations & QC

DGPS verification MS-Excel & PDF

Gyro calibration MS-Excel & PDF

Transit check MS-Excel & PDF

Reports

Survey report MS-Word (one (1)

Field Reports (installation reports) MS- Excel/Word & PDF

Daily reports (ODR) Signed hard copies/MS-Excel/PDF

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

Deliverable Check List

Item Formats / Media Required Completed

Project Data

Offshore Pack DVD

Field file and all hard copies n/a

Table 3: Project Deliverable Check List

6.8 Offsets

The Central Reference Point (CRP), from which all offsets are to be measured, shall be the center stern
of the DSV, the DSV center of gravity or any other point on the DSV that is considered suitable for
purpose.All offsets will be measured using land survey techniques and verified with tape measure
during mobilization. Offsets from survey datum point to all survey sensors will be measured and
input into the system and the logged position based on the offset verified.

All measurements will be reduced, logged and entered into the navigation system and verified by the
Survey Party Chief.

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

7.0 FIELD OPERATION

Prior to mobilization, a complete calibration of the systems outlined below shall be carried out.
Mobilization shall not be deemed to be complete until calibration is completed and accepted by
Company.

The Survey Crew shall be responsible for the accurate positioning of the DSV at the proposed
installation location, USBL fixes and position for spool deployment would be monitored real time as
required. They shall also assist the DSV personnel by supplying information as required.

The Survey crew shall ensure that an updated field map of the area (as per client specification) is
loaded on the navigation screen of the DSV and also real time monitoring of the DSV position at all
times.

Monitors shall be installed on the DSV bridge, dive shark, offshore project engineers office, Control
tower, Company office showing range location, updated field layout, surrounding features such as
existing pipelines, cables, platforms etc. and any other information requested by the DSV personnel.

The USBL shall be well configured and interfaced with the Navigation display unit which shall be
easily viewed by all the required parties on board and the data stream shall be well captured and
logged.

The Sector Scan Sonar shall be well configured viewed real time by all the required parties on board
and the data stream shall be well captured and logged.

Confirmation that on-line computer and peripheral systems are operational and that all data are
being interfaced, decoded, processed, presented and logged. This will be achieved by logging
positioning data on the system and processing it to confirm its validity.

7.1 Equipment Calibrations and Verifications

The calibrations and verifications presented below shall be completed for Companys acceptance
prior to the commencement of any survey work and / or departing the port of mobilization. All
calibrations and testing will be recorded and form part of the survey report.

If any of the verifications/calibrations are unable to be concluded during mobilization or prior to the
DSV sailing, the Client and Project Manager must be informed.

7.1.1 Gyro Calibration

The gyro calibration shall be carried out alongside the quay. The DSV axis shall be defined by
accurate offset measurements, the misalignment between the gyro axis and the DSV axis shall be
determined using either GPS baseline method or the Solar Observation method on-board the DSV at
the quay.

The GPS baseline method requires establishing a baseline by simultaneously logging the position two
points along the DSV axis and logging the gyro heading for at least thirty minutes. The bearing of the
line established by the average logged points from the two DGPS units shall be compared with that
obtained from the gyro to compute the misalignment.

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The Solar observation method involves computing the bearing of the baseline from east (sunrise) and
west (sunset) observations to the sun while simultaneously logging the gyro heading. The
misalignment obtained from the gyro calibration shall be entered in the Navigation computer as a
correction.

7.1.2 DGPS Verification

Where applicable, the total station shall be utilized for position verification on the GPS units while
the vessel/DSV is alongside at the port before the vessel moves to the field. The total station shall be
utilized to transfer control from any quayside benchmark/control point provided by (Company) to
the DGPS points on board the vessel. The Company provided benchmarks may also be directly
occupied provided there is enough space and power supply to the DGPS units. Data shall be logged
over a period of one hour with at least 100 observations. In case there are no quayside benchmarks,
total station EDM or tape measure (where feasible) using land survey techniques shall be utilized for
distance verification of a baseline established by the DGPS units. The results should compare
favorably.

7.2 Positioning

The DSV will be positioned as per Company specifications. If required, DSV Master shall adjust the
position plan in consultation with Company representative onboard if within acceptable tolerance.

7.3. Data Acquisition

All equipment shall be operated in accordance with the relevant procedures and work practices such
that optimum results are obtained given the local circumstances are favorable. From the start of the
mobilization until completion of the demobilization, an accurate Daily Operations Report shall be
kept by the online personnel describing all activities providing details as necessary. Entries shall be
neat, clear and concise and be recorded with local time of occurrence.

The position of the DSV shall be monitored at all times. Equipment settings, offsets, laybacks in use
and relevant changes thereto shall be accurately registered in the Daily Operations Report.

7.3.1. C NAV DGPS System

The C-Nav system is an innovative global, real-time, decimeter accurate GPS system commonly
referred to as a GcGPS system (Globally Corrected GPS). C-Nav corrections are not based on
traditional pseudo range DGPS. C-Nav GcGPS operates in real time, providing seamless global
coverage and decimeter capable position in the offshore world, between the latitudes of 75 degree
North and South. The system provides corrected positions to an accuracy of +/- 1m without the need
for a shore-based transmitted system.

7.3.2. Heading Data

The heading sensor shall be capable of observing data with an accuracy of +/-0.10. During installation
the heading sensor would be checked for gross errors and any alignment errors (the difference
between the heading of the sensor and the heading of the DSV). These would have been compensated
for during the calibration. Heading data would be logged during survey activities.

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8.0 EXECUTION PROCEDURES

All equipment shall be operated in accordance with the relevant procedures and work practices such
that optimum results are obtained given the local circumstances. From the start of the mobilization
until completion of the demobilization, an accurate Daily Operations Report shall be kept by the on
line personnel describing all activities providing details as necessary. Entries shall be neat, clear and
concise and be recorded with local time of occurrence.

The position of the DSV shall be monitored at all times. Equipment settings, offsets and relevant
changes shall be accurately registered in the Daily Operations Report. When applicable, the USBL
positioning system shall be operated to assist the divers with their operations and spool piece
deployment.

The Party Chief shall further inform the Project Manager on the progress of the operations by means
of a Daily Operations Report. This is a written report transmitted to the office by means of telex or
fax. Subjects reported on, shall as a minimum consist of:

A Daily Progress Report (DPR) which shall be submitted each day from the DSV to the Client in the
agreed format and will contain as a minimum the following:

Date, DSV name, Project, DPR sequential number


DSV position at 00:00hrs
Summary of events during the last 24 hours
Any problem experienced
Equipment, personnel status and changes
Operational, standby and lost time per day and cumulative
Schedule for the next 24 hrs
Weather conditions and weather outlook for the next 24 hours
Safety related matters, incidents, drills and meetings
Company comments

Spare equipment and contingency systems shall be checked at least once a week and be stored or
installed such that it can be made operational with minimum loss of time in case of emergency
requirement.

On completion of the work, calibration checks shall be performed as specified by the project
procedures.

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SURVEY PROCEDURE FOR PIPELINE MATTRESS INSTALLATION APRIL, 2014

9.0. DEMOBILIZATION

Demobilization activities shall not be started until receiving written demobilization permission from
the Client and GOSL project manager. All equipment shall be packed such that it will safely resist
damage during transport. Original equipment boxes shall be used whenever possible. All boxes shall
be clearly labeled with contents, box identification and destination as necessary.

Inoperable or broken equipment shall be clearly marked as such, providing as much detail as
possible on the reported faults.

Superfluous consumables shall be packed separately and marked as such.

Documentation, records and data shall be packed separately from the equipment, clearly being
marked as such, detailing the contents of each box. Original data shall be isolated from copies and, if
possible, shipped individually.

9.1 Project Debrief

As a measure of Contractor's continual improvement, a detailed post demobilization debriefing will


be conducted where the following points will be addressed:

Survey results
Team structure.
Survey procedures.
Offshore suite, software and equipment.
Reporting.
Administration and contractual/commercial.
Vessel/Rig/DSV.
HSE.
Operations.

On completion of survey operations the project directories will be cleaned of any temporary files.

The project folder/files must be completed and up to date at the time of demobilization prior to final
backup and returning to the office.

The project debriefing form is to be completed prior to the demobilization and handed/transmitted to
the Project Manager at the first available opportunity.

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