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Material Science and Chemistry

Chemistry Strand

Week 6, 7 and 8 Tutorial Physical state of matter, Intermolecular Forces & Solids

1) Which of these substances exhibits H bonding? Draw one possible example of the H bond(s)
between two molecules of each substance that does.

2) Which of these substances exhibits H bonding? Draw one possible example of the H bond(s)
between two molecules of each substance that does.

3) In each pair, identify the intermolecular forces present for each substance, and predict which
substance has the higher boiling point:

(a) CH3Br or CH3F

(b) CH3CH2CH2OH or CH3CH2OCH3

(c) C2H6 or C3H8

4) In each pair, identify the intermolecular forces present for each substance, and predict which
substance has the lower boiling point:

5) What type of forces, intramolecular or intermolecular:

(a) Prevent ice cubes from adopting the shape of their container?

(b) Are overcome when ice melts?

(c) Are overcome when liquid water is vaporized?

(d) Are overcome when gaseous water is converted to hydrogen gas and oxygen gas?

6) Which forces are intramolecular and which intermolecular?

(a) Those preventing oil from evaporating at room temperature

(b) Those preventing butter from melting in a refrigerator


Those preventing O2 in air from forming O atoms

7) Which forces are intramolecular and which intermolecular?

(a) Those allowing fog to form on a cool, humid evening

(b) Those allowing water to form when H2 is sparked

(c) Those allowing liquid benzene to crystallize when cooled

(d) Those responsible for the low boiling point of hexane

8) What is the strongest intermolecular force in each substance?

(a) CH3OH

(b) CCl4

(c) Cl2

9) What is the strongest intermolecular force in each substance?

(a) H3PO4

(b) SO2

(c) MgCl2

10) What is the strongest intermolecular force in each substance?

(a) CH3Cl

(b) CH3CH3

(c) NH3

11) What is the strongest intermolecular force in each substance?

(a) Kr

(b) BrF

(c) H2SO4

12) Which forces oppose vaporization of each substance?

(a) Hexane

(b) Water

(c) SiCl4

13) Which forces oppose vaporization of each substance?

(a) Br2

(b) SbH3
(c) CH3NH2

14) For what types of substances is water a good solvent? For what types is it a poor solvent?
Explain.
15) Describe the molecular basis of the property of water responsible for the presence of ice on the
surface of a frozen lake.
16) Warm-blooded animals have a narrow range of body temperature because their bodies have a
high water content. Explain.
17) A water molecule can engage in as many as four H bonds. Explain.