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SOIL POLLUTION

WHAT IS SOIL POLLUTION


INTRODUCTION
CAUSES OF SOIL POLLUTION
EFFECT OF SOIL POLLUTION
WHAT IS SOIL POLLUTION?
SOIL POLLUTION IS DEFINED WHEN THE SOIL IS CONTAMINATED .THE PART OF
LAND IS DEGRADED DUE TO CHEMICALS OR OTHER ALTERATION IN THE NATURAL
SOIL ENVIRONMENT
THIS HAPPENS BECAUSE OF NO RESPONSIBILITIES TAKEN BY INDIVIDUAL THAT
CREATE POLLUTION.
THE WAYS THE SOIL ARE POLLUTED
1.THROUGH AIR
GASEOUS AND TOXIC PARTICLES THAT ARE EMITTED FROM THE FACTORY ARE NOT
BEING TREATED TO THE NORMAL LEVEL OF GAS THAT SHOULD BE RELEASED, THEN
THE RAIN WILL CARRY THE TOXIC GAS TO THE EARTH, AND ULTIMATELY ENTERS
THE SOIL.
• 2.THROUGH DRAINAGE SYSTEM BY INDUSTRY,
• water drainage from spoil and rubbish heaps either
washes direct on to nearby fields or enters the local
streams and rivers and ultimately enter the soil.
3.THROUGH DIRECT MECHANICAL OR GRAVITATIONAL
EFFECTS ON THE SOIL-SOLID MATERIALS

LIKE REFUSES FROM MINES, ANIMAL SLURRIES OR


SEWAGE-SLUDGE’S ETC. CAN BE DUMPED DIRECTLY
ON TO THE AGRICULTURAL-LAND AND THEREBY
CREATES SOIL POLLUTION.
WHAT IS THE CAUSES OF SOIL
POLLUTION ?
1.AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES:
CHEMICAL USAGE HAS GONE UP IMMENSELY SINCE
INNOVATION GAVE US PRESENT DAY PESTICIDES AND
FERTILIZERS. THEY ARE LOADED WITH CHEMICALS THAT ARE
NOT DELIVERED IN NATURE AND CAN'T BE SEPARATED BY
IT.
2.INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY
INDUSTRIAL MOVEMENT HAS BEEN THE GREATEST
SUPPORTER OF THE ISSUE IN THE MOST RECENT CENTURY,
PARTICULARLY SINCE THE MEASURE OF MINING AND
ASSEMBLING HAS EXPANDED.
3. ACID RAIN
ACID RAIN IS CAUSED WHEN POLLUTANTS PRESENT IN THE AIR
MIXES UP WITH THE RAIN AND FALL BACK ON THE GROUND. THE
CONTAMINATED WATER COULD DISSOLVE AWAY SOME OF THE
IMPORTANT NUTRIENTS FOUND IN SOIL AND CHANGE THE
STRUCTURE OF THE SOIL
4. WASTE DISPOSAL

EACH HUMAN CREATES A SPECIFIC MEASURE OF INDIVIDUAL WASTE ITEMS BY


WAY OR URINE AND EXCREMENT. WHILE A LOT OF IT MOVES INTO THE SEWER
THE FRAMEWORK, THERE IS ADDITIONALLY A SUBSTANTIAL SUM THAT IS DUMPED
STRAIGHTFORWARDLY INTO LANDFILLS AS DIAPERS
5.ACCIDENTAL OIL SPILLS

• The chemicals introduce


in the fuel decays the
nature of soil and make
them unacceptable for
cultivation
EFFECTS OF SOIL POLLUTION
1.EFFECTS ON HUMAN
HEALTH:
• ORGAN DAMAGE
• CANCER
• BIOACCUMULATION
2. EFFECTS ON GROWTH OF PLANTS

• Plants’ lifespan become


shorter.
• Fruits fall before ripen.
3. CHANGES IN SOIL STRUCTURE

•Death of many soil


organisms.
•No plant growth.
REMEDIES TO OVERCOME SOIL POLLUTION

Ways to Prevent Soil


Pollution
• Herbicide, Pesticides &
Fertilisers : minimize the
usage of pesticides and
practice using organic
fertilizers in plantation
2.REUSE AND RECYCLE.

• Contribute less waste to help avoid soil


contamination, applying reusable items to
minimize the usage of plastic and papers.
Reusing and recycling items will help
moderate characteristic assets and spare
more land from pollution.
3.PROPER SOLID WASTE TREATMENT

• Find ways to treat waste before disposing it to


prevent pollution. For example, the acidic and
alkaline waste is to be neutralized before they are
disposed
4. REDUCE ACTIVITY OF DEFORESTATION

• When there are no trees to prevent the top layer of


the soil from being transported by different agents
of nature like water and air, soil erosion can occur
CHALLENGES WHEN OVERCOMING SOIL
POLLUTION
• 1.Meeting market needs-For example: Farmers have to use fertilizers to meet
the market needs
• 2.Organic products being too expensive: Not only are organic farms
typically smaller than conventional ones, but they also, on average, take more
time to produce crops because they refrain from using the chemicals and
growth hormones used by conventional farmers
3.ATTITUDE

• Many people don’t feel the need to reuse or recycle. Most people find it not
accessible or convenient to where they live. Some also think that it takes too
much of their time (e.g to clean up, prep recyclable, or to travel to the
recycling centre)