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ENGLISH

MODULE
SPM
Project of Stri-Lence

NAMA :

KELAS : ..
List of Bombastic Words
COMMON SAMPLE SENTENCES SOTHIPISCATED
WORDS WORDS

Attractive The interior design of her bedroom was attractive. stunning

Beautiful The scenery was beautiful. spectacular

Big We spent six hours at the big shopping mall. colossal

Busy We left the busy town after lunch. bustling

Clean The beach was clean. pristine

Clear The sea was clear. crystalline

Cloudy The sky was cloudy. sunless

Colourful The buildings were colourful. resplendent

Cool The wind from the mountain was cool. breezy

Crowded The stadium was crowded on Sunday. jam-packed

Dangerous The road to the apartment was dangerous. perilous

Dark It was dark outside. pitch-black

Dirty The public toilet was dirty. filthy

Famous We stayed at a famous resort. renowned

Fresh The air was fresh. invigorating

Grand The hotel lobby was grand. majestic

Great The waterfalls were great. magnificent

High We took photos of the high tower. soaring

Hot We ran under the hot sun. scorching

Isolated The camping site was isolated. secluded

Noisy Our school canteen was noisy during recess. deafening

Peaceful The village was peaceful. serene

Polluted The air in the city centre was polluted. impure

Rough The countryside was rough. rugged


Special The chalets architecture was special. distinguished

Strange The man-made park was strange. peculiar

Strong The wooden bridge was strong. indestructible

Wonderful The Disneyland was wonderful. fantastic

Sample sentence Sophisticated adjective

Active She was an active student. agile

Adventurous He was an adventurous person. bold

Beautiful His bride was very beautiful. appealing

Brave My father was very brave. bold

Careful We were careful in making decisions. meticulous

Clever The clever boy smiled at me. brainy

Committed He was a committed employee. devoted

Confident I was confident we would win. optimistic

Cooperative Everyone was cooperative accommodating

Famous She was a famous singer. celebrated

Friendly The receptionist was friendly. amiable

Funny My granduncle was funny. hilarious

Generous The manager was generous. philanthropic

Glamorous He led a glamorous life. dazzling

Good His son had good personalities. virtuous

Great His mother was a great lawyer. eminent

Hardworking The workers were hardworking. industrious

Helpful My best friend was helpful. obliging

Honest I admired the honest tour guide. trustworthy

Kind The district officer was kind. benevolent

Special We had a special guest. notable

Strict Her husband was a strict man. rigid


Strong He fought with a strong man. mighty

Successful The successful team was great. triumphant

Tidy Her tidy look impressed us. well-groomed

Arrogant I hated his arrogant attitude. snobbish

Bad I could not stand my bad neighbour. dreadful

Careless She was a careless driver. reckless

Crazy Were they crazy? lunatic

Cruel The cruel criminal was arrested. ruthless

Dishonest The dishonest clerk was fired. fraudulent

Evil We stayed away from the evil killer. devilish

Forgetful He was young but very forgetful. scatterbrained

Fussy Her fussy mother-in-law was dying. picky

Greedy The village headman was greedy. avaricious

Lazy The lazy students were sleeping. indolent

Rude The rude boy was her cousin. boorish

Selfish Their selfish attitude was bad. self-seeking

Strange Her strange acts scared us. creepy

Stupid Her stupid act made everybody angry. half-witted

Garrulous She was a talkative neighbour. garrulous

Troublesome He was punished for his troublesome act. irksome

Ugly His face was ugly after the accident. hideous

Useless A drunkard was a useless person. worthless

Weak A weak leader made no progress. Futile

Angry She was angry when her husband left her. Fuming

Bad I felt bad when I lied to you. Awful

Bored We were bored. bored stiff

Confident We felt confident to be with him. Secure


Confused Everybody was confused when he suddenly ran baffled
away.

Disappointed He was disappointed when he got his result. disenchanted

Happy We were happy to be there. Elated

Lonely The lonely wife cried in her room. lonesome

Nervous She looked nervous during the contest. Edgy

Proud They were proud to be able to help us. swollen with pride

Sad They were sad to lose the game. cheerless

Scared She was scared to stay alone at night. petrified

Surprised She was surprised to see me. stunned

Unsure My mother was unsure to make her own decision. hesitant

Worried He looked worried. apprehensive

Accurate The answers given were accurate. Precise

Bright He used a bright colour to paint his room. Gaudy

Cheap The items were cheap. inexpensive

Clear My explanation was clear. Lucid

Comfortable The new sofa was comfortable. Comfy

Delicious We tasted the delicious food. delectable

Easy Frying egg was easy. effortless

Important It was an important day to me. momentous

Interesting The story was interesting. engrossing

Lasting I hoped to have a lasting marriage. long-standing

Perfect The essay was perfect. flawless

Strong Her evidence was strong. undisputed

Successful Our plans were successful. fruitful

Valuable He took all the valuable items. treasured

Accidental The mistake was accidental. unintentional

Bad The plane crash was bad. Appalling


Boring We left early as the movie was boring. Dreary

Complex The problem was complex. Multifaceted

Difficult Climbing Mount Tahan was difficult. Arduous

Expensive I bought an expensive house. Pricey

Haunted The house was haunted. Ghostly

Heavy The responsibility was heavy. Hefty

Ill His grandmother was very ill. Bedridden

Illogical Her reason was illogical. Absurd

Tasteless The food was tasteless. Insipid

Tired We were tired. Exhausted

Unclear His unclear idea was rejected. Hazy

Unlucky We were unlucky that day. luckless

Wrong It was wrong to cheat others. Sinful

Sentence Connectors
Sentence Meaning Examples
connectors
To show similarity My two uncles have opened a business in Kuala
- Similarly Begitu juga Lumpur. Similarly, I will open one after my
- Likewise studies.
She was late and I, likewise was delayed.

To show contrast Ali worked hard. On the other hand/ in contrast /


- On the other hand however, Halim hardly did any work at all.
- In contrast - Berbeza
- However dengan Mr and Mrs Kana are old, nevertheless they are
- Nevertheless - Walau still very active.
- Despite that / this bagaimanapu
- Instead n Ahmad did not answer. Instead, he looked out of
- Although - Namun the taxi window.

Although Kim Long sprained his ankle, he came to


school.

To show result
- As a consequence - Akibatnya He passed his examination. Therefore / Thus /
- For this reason - Atas sebab Hence / Accordingly / Consequently, he had some
- Therefore ini good news to tell his parents.
- As a result - Oleh itu
- Consequently He lacks motivation to practise music. Therefore,
- Hence he can't become a good musician.
- Thus
- Because of this Living in a big city offers good job opportunities.
Also, it provides good educational opportunities.

To show addition / listing Ali plays football. Moreover/ Besides/ Also, he


- Moreover Lagi pun plays tennis.
- Besides Tambahan pula
- Also Pertama Mei Mei writes short stories. In addition, she
- In addition Sebagai writes articles for a newspaper.
- Furthermore permulaannya
- First / first of all / Kedua To complete his homework, Jack went through
firstly/ to begin Ketiga various history books. Furthermore, he took notes
with from several encyclopedias.
- Secondly
- Thirdly I prefer to buy fruit and vegetables in the open
market because they are quite cheap
there. Besides, they are much fresher than those
sold at the greengrocers.

Owning a car has some advantages. Firstly, it gives


you comfort. Secondly, it saves you a lot of time.
Thirdly, it gives you great freedom of movement.
To show time I read the morning papers for a while. Afterwards,
- Afterwards - Selepas itu I took a shower.
- First .then - Mula-mula
- At first kemudian First pick up the receiver and then insert a coin
- In the meantime - Pada into the coin-box.
- Meanwhile mulanya,
- Dalam pada At first, I had great difficulty with grammar. Later,
itu however , I was able to overcome the difficulty by
studying hard.

The party is on Tuesday, but in the meantime I


have to shop and prepare the food.

They'll be here soon. Meanwhile, let's have coffee.

To show example
- For example Sebagai contoh There are many uses of water, for example,
- For instance drinking, cooking, irrigation and running industrial
plants.

To explain
- In other words Dengan perkataan The brochure dealt with travelling in Morocco.
lain That is/In other words/Namely, it discussed
transportation, currency, and language.

To show negative condition


- or else atau tidak You should stop teasing the poor little boy, or else,
- Otherwise Kalau tidak Ill tell your mother of your act.

You must study hard. Otherwise, youll fail.


To summarize
- In summary Secara ringkasnya In summary/In brief/In short/In conclusion/To
- In brief sum up, there are a lot of advantages of having a
- In short Kesimpulannya healthy food fair in the school.
- In conclusion
- To sum up
- In a nut shell

List of Idioms
PHRASAL VERBS : NOTES

PHRASAL VERB MEANINGS IN MEANINGS IN


ENGLISH MALAY
abide by follow Ikut

ask for request Minta

ages ago long ago masa lampau

break/broke into enter/entered by force masuk tanpa kebenaran

break/ broke down stop / stopped because of a fault Rosak

bring down reduce kurangkan

call 0n visit melawat

call off cancel batalkan

carry on continue sambung tugas/kerja

carry forward postpone bawa ke depan

close shave narrow escape nyaris

come up produce (idea) beri (idea)

come across find by chance terjumpa

cut down reduce kurangkan

cut off stop supplying hentikan

crash into hit melanggar

drop in / by visit melawat


end up finish up / wind up siapkan / tamatkan

fall behind fail to keep up ketinggalan

figure out understand Faham

get along with be friendly with berkawan

get ready hurry Cepat

get through pass Lulus

get over recover (feelings) lupakan (perasaan)

go for choose pilih

go over review / check Semak

join in to take part mengambil bahagian

laugh at take lightly Ejek

listen to pay attention to memberi perhatian

look into investigate menyiasat

look out be careful berhati-hati

look forward expect with pleasure Ternanti-nanti

look after take care of menjaga

look up to respect menghormati

look through check menyemak

mad at angry Marah

map out plan rancang

make up to create Mereka-reka

make up to resolve a quarrel Berbaik semula

make up for to substitute mengganti

make up ones mind to decide membuat keputusan

make out understand faham

pass away die mati


pass out fainted pengsan

put off postponed ditangguhkan

put forward propose mencadangkan

put up to build mendirikan

put up with to be patient bersabar dengan

rely on depend on bergantung

run into meet terserempak

running out lacking kehabisan

running around busy sibuk /berkeliaran

run over hit Langgar

set off start a journey bertolak

set up organize menganjurkan

sign up register mendaftar

spruce up clean mencuci

step up increase meningkatkan

step forward move ahead kehadapan

tag along accompany mengekori

take up to enter into (profession) memilih jurusan

take after inherit Warisi

taken aback shocked Terkejut

talk about it discuss bincang

think about consider mempertimbangkan

turn down reject menolak

turn up attend Hadir

watch out be careful hati-hati

work out plan merancang


work out exercise bersenam

write down list Tulis

work against oppose melawan

IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS : Notes

IDIOMATIC MEANINGS MEANINGS IN MALAY


EXPRESSIONS

A bookworm One who likes to read Ulat buku

A close shave A narrow escape Nyaris / hampir-hampir tidak berjaya

A red letter day An important day Hari yang penting

A white elephant Useless possession Barang yang mahal tetapi tidak


berguna / fungsinya sebagai hiasan

Apple of the eye Favourite person Anak emas / orang yang disayangi

Around the corner Coming soon Akan datang

At the eleventh hour At the last minute Pada saat-saat akhir

Bear in mind Remember Mengingat

Black sheep Person who is an Seseorang yang memalukan /


embarrassment membawa masalah

Blow ones trumpet To boast Cakap besar

Burn the midnight oil Study until late at night Belajar hingga lewat malam

Butter fingers Slippery fingers Cemerkap / kecuaian

By hook or by crook By all means Dengan apa cara sekalipun

By leaps and bounds Greatly Dengan besar / jaya

Call it a day To end Menamatkan

Caught red handed Caught in the act Tertangkap ketika sedang melakukan
kesalahan

Come on foot Walk Berjalan


Could kill myself Furious with myself Marah dengan diri sendiri

Count me in Include me Libatkan saya

Crack of dawn Early in the morning Fajar

Crying over spilt milk Regretting Menyesal

Day in and day out Everyday without exception Setiap hari

Dont lose heart Dont be discouraged Jangan putus asa

Down to earth Humble/Honest Rendah diri

Drive me up the wall Make me very angry Membuat saya sangat marah

Drop a line Write Menulis surat / menelefon

Easier said than done Easier to talk about an idea Senang bercakap dari melakukan
than carry it out sesuatu

Eye catching Attractive Menarik perhatian

Flying colours Good grades Lulus dengan cemerlang

Getting on my nerves Making me annoyed/irritated Menguji kesabaran

Give it a go Try it Cuba

Green with envy Jealous Cemburu

Grown out of them Have gotten used to them Sudah biasa / lali

Have green fingers Good at gardening Pandai dalam berkebun

Heart and soul Commitment Penglibatan sepenuh hati

Hold his head up Be proud Bermegah / berbesar hati

I am all ears I am listening Sudi mendengar

In a twinkling of an Very quickly Secepat kilat / sangat pantas


eye

In high spirits Happy Gembira

In hot water / soup In trouble Dalam kesusahan / menghadapi


masalah

Keep an eye To watch Tengok-tengokkan


Keep your word Keep your promise Tepati janji

Kept in mind Remembered Ingat

Lame excuse Poor reason Alasan tidak munasabah

Lend a hand Help Menolong

Let the cat out of the Let a secret out Bocorkan rahsia
bag

Let you off Let you go / excuse you Mengecualikan anda

Not kidding Not joking Tidak bergurau

Not my cup of tea Not to my liking Tidak meminati

Not ones day Unlucky day Hari yang malang

Once in a blue moon Rarely Jarang-jarang

Out of the blue Unexpectedly Tanpa disangka-sangka

Piece of cake An easy task Sangat mudah

Practice makes perfect You will be good if you do Alah bisa tegal biasa
it often
( latihan membawa kepada kecekapan)

Put your mind to it Concentrate Tumpukan perhatian

Raining cats and dogs Raining heavily Hujan lebat

Reduced it to ashes Completely burning it Bakar keseluruhan

Rome was not built It takes time to succeed Mengambil masa untuk berjaya
in a day

Searched high and low Looked everywhere Mencari merata tempat

Soft spot Fondness Rasa sayang / kesukaan

Stand on their own Be independent Berdikari


feet

Stayed away from Avoided Menghindari

Strike while the iron Grab opportunities Rebut peluang


is hot

Spick and span Clean and tidy Bersih


The early bird catches Those who are early will Siapa cepat dia dapat
the worm benefit

Throw in the towel Give up Putus asa

To be in the same boat To be in the same Mengalami nasib yang sama


circumstances

To believe your ears To believe what you hear Percaya apa yang didengar

To face the music To take the punishment or Menerima hukuman


scolding

To keep ones fingers To hope for the best Mengharap yang terbaik
crossed

To live from hand to To live in hardship Sangat miskin


mouth / to make ends
meet

To paint the town red To enjoy oneself Menghiburkan diri

To sit on the fence To take no sides in a debate/ Tidak menyebelahi


a quarrel
mana-mana pihak

Took to heart Be upset by Ambil hati / tersinggung

Turn over a new leaf To change for the better Insaf / berubah sikap menjadi lebih
baik

Under the weather Slightly ill Tidak sihat / sakit

Where theres a will, When you are determined, Di mana ada kemahuan di situ ada
theres a way you will succeed jalan

Sample of Essays
ARTICLE: Description on a Person

A Prominent Malaysian Leader


As the fourth and most dynamic Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad
will indelible impression on the sands of Malaysia for many years to come. He held the post for 22 years from
1981 to 2003, making him Malaysia's longest-serving Prime Minister, and one of the longest-serving leaders in
Asia.

Born on 20th December, 1925 in Alor Setar, Dr. Mahathir is the son of a teacher. He is the
youngest of nine children of a school teacher and a housewife. His father, Mohamad Iskandar, was of Indian
descent, being the son of a Muslim and a Malay mother, while Mahathir's own mother, Datin Wan Tempawan
Wan Hanafi, was Malay. He is married to Tun Dr. Siti Hasmah binti Haji Mohamad Ali, they have seven
children, four sons and three daughters. From an early age, Tun Mahathir had the importance of education
drummed into him by his father, who was also a strict disciplinarian.

After his early education at the Maktab Sultan Abdul Hamid in Alor Setar, he enrolled at the
King Edward VII College of Medicine in the University of Singapore. Armed with a MBBS degree in
medicine, he set up his own clinic, the Maha Clinic in Alor Setar. As a doctor, Tun Mahathir came into close
contact with people from variety of social strata and enjoyed a close rapport with them. He understood their
problems. Thus, when he was thrust into the politic limelight, he strove to fulfil the needs of the people.

He was first catapulted into the world of politics when he became the Member of Parliement for Alor
Setar in 1964. After holding a number of portfolios, including Minister of Education, Minister of Trade
and Industry and Deputy Prime Minister, he finally became the Prime Minister on 16th July, 1981. The
country flourished with Dr. Mahathir at the helm of the government. His contributions to the nation are so
immense and par excellence. He has left his mark in every aspect in politics, economy or education.
Realizing that government-owned enterprises are neither efficient nor profitable, he initiated the privation
policy in 1983. This had immediate effect of cutting down bureaucratic ineptitude and operational cost while
at the same time generating more revenue.

With collapse of the prices of agricultural commodities in the eighties, Tun Mahathir decided that it was time
to shift the nations focus to more profitable areas. Thus, he started the industrialization programme. Reputed
as the countrys top salesman, he showcased Malaysia to investors abroad in a bid to woo them. As a result of
the heavy industrialization drive, major projects like national car project or PROTON and the steel company,
PERWAJA, together with other mega project were launched one after another. Next, realizing that
industrialization would require a good infrastructure, he set about improving it. The Mahathir era saw a
successful completion of the North-South Highway, the East-West Highway, the Multimedia Super Corridor,
the Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang and many more.

An astute politician, he charted the growth of the countrys progress from the day he took office. He envisages
that Malaysia can only attain the status of a fully developed country if it becomes an industrialization one and
this ambition has been his main agenda during his tenure. With this in mind, he announced Vision 2020, his
most ambitious vision.

Frank and outspoken by nature, Tun Mahathir speak without fear nor favour. This has been the hallmark of
thus much respected statesman. The inefficiency of local and international organizations has always come
under his scrutiny and critism.It has been almost two decades since Tun Mahathir took over reins of the
government. It has undoubtedly been the golden era for Malaysia with many notable achievements.

630 words

Descriptive - Description of a Scene

A Road Accident

Road accidents are reported in newspaper and on television every day. There are more
frequently caused by reckless drivers rather than faulty vehicles. Last Saturday, while I was travelling from
Ipoh, I witnessed a serious accident. The scene of the accidents was vivid in my mind.

A motorcyclist was following behind was taxi very closely. He was so impatient that he was trying
to overtake my taxi even near a sharp bend. At that critical moment, there was an oncoming car. The taxi
driver swerved to the roadside and I got a terrible jolt. It was too late for the motorcyclist to avoid the car. His
motorcycle ran against the bumper of the car and smashed its windscreen. The motorcyclist somersaulted over
the car and was found lying in a pool of blood. It was a scene to chill the flesh! The car driver, who was cut by
the flying glass, was in a state of shock. All that happened in split second and fear overwhelmed us.
The taxi driver stopped his taxi and I quickly ran to the nearest to the nearest telephone booth
to inform the police and the hospital. From a distance I could see some people trying to help the injured
motorcyclist and the car driver. They carried them into one of the onlookers car and sent them to the hospital
for treatment. Meanwhile the taxi driver tried to control and directs the traffic. Soon the police arrived and
they promptly took some measurements and evidence. After that they moved the damaged car and the
motorcycle to the roadside to ease the traffic congestion. They also took down the evidence provided by
witnesses and onlookers. Some sweepers were clearing the debris and the blood stains on the road.

When the taxi finally continued the journey, I silently thanked God for my narrow escape. I
learned a good lesson that impatience and recklessness would bring harm and danger. I was happy to see that
Malaysians are public-spirited and they render help to others readily. Since then I remember and follow the
saying more haste less speed and prevention is better than cure. I believe good road manners and roads
safety campaigns can help to reduce the number of road accidents which cause injuries, loss and lives and
properties.

381 words

NARRATIVE WRITING Title Given

My Most Embarrassing Situation

Everyone has been embarrassed at one time or another. It is that moment in time when you
wish the earth would open up and swallow you. The anxiety and discomfort felt during that time which may
only last a few seconds feels like time has stood still.

I remember so well when I had my most embarrassing moment. I was in Form 4 and it was
during the school recess. The minute the bell rang for recess, I rushed to the toilet because I had been
controlling my urges since class started. I didnt want to miss class because the lesson taught that morning was
to include tips for the forthcoming examination.

Without realising, I had rushed to the girls toilet. The prolonged control and an upset stomach
made worse by two glasses of cold milk in the morning made me grunt and groan in what I thought in what I
thought was the privacy of the cubicle. I thought I heard giggling outside and wondered why the giggles
sounded unusually near. A few minutes later I came out the cubicle and discovered my horror that I had
entered the girls toilet. To make matters worse, the few girls standing outside didnt even turn away when I
came out. Instead they looked down at me, then only they turned quickly away. Horror of horrors, I had
forgotten to zip up! No beetroot could have matched the colour of my face at this point in time!

They news of my predicament spread like wild fire throughout school. I was truly the talk of the
town. I felt like I could either walk around feeling perpetually self-conscious and embarrassed or I could turn
the situation round, perhaps even to my advantage. I remembered my mothers words that if you cant beat
them, join them. So I decided to make fun of myself, to laugh at myself too. It works. Everyone got bored
after a while and nobody teased me after that.

It was indeed an eye-opening experience for me. I have learnt that when people laugh at you,
you should laugh along. You must not take yourself seriously. Learn to look at yourself through other peoples
eyes and you will realise that most of the time when they laugh at you, they just want to have some fun. They
mean no harm. If you can make people laugh, its like bringing sunshine into their lives and as someone said,
those who bring sunshine to the lives of others cannot keep it from themselves.

421 words
CONTINUOUS: ARGUMENTATIVE
Which do you prefer, living in the countryside or living in the city?

Countryside
I think living in the countryside is far better than living in the city. There are numerous of reasons why
living in countryside is the better than the city. The scenery, the streets, the people and the paced are totally
different compare to the city.

The first outstanding characteristic about the countryside is that it is beautiful and peaceful. The air is
fresh and the surroundings green. This is because the countryside is free from pollution, be it air, land or noise
pollution. There no such perfect peaceful view that you can see other than in the countryside.

There are no crowded streets and heavy traffic in the countryside. Thus there are no fumes from cars
and smoke from factories buildings to pollute the air. The trees surrounded the countryside help the people
from inhaling the polluted air. The freshness smell of plant somehow helps the people of the countryside to
have a healthy life.

Furthermore, people in the countryside are more conscious of keeping their surroundings clean and so
there is little throwing of rubbish everywhere, only at designated places. This is unlike the cities where if the
garbage trucks do not collect the rubbish disposed by household or restaurants, the city will be overflowing
with rubbish! This will attract the mosquitoes, fly, rats and wild dogs to pollute their surrounding that will cause
them to have diseases like dengue and cholera.

Thirdly, heavy traffic and crowded streets increase the level of noise pollution. The honking of cars in
the streets is continuous and the crowds on the roads increase the hub of activity. There are also sound of the
machine used in manufacturing factories, loud radio in and out the mall. These add to the noise of the city.
Even if one lives in residential areas, one is never far from busy streets.

However, in the countryside, life is slow-paced. There is no need to rush around because there are not
too many places to go. Most places are close by and people can walk or cycle. Less vehicle used, so less fumes
is released.

The most heart-warming thing about the countryside is the attitude of people. People are friendly and
helpful. If there are any happy or festive occasions, everyone pitches in to help. This feeling of cooperation
and neighbourliness is what separates the countryside from the city.

In the city, people are too busy to take note of the people around. Some hardly even know their
neighbours. So they would not even be bothered about what happens to people around. This is why the crime
rate is increasing in the city because bystanders do not rush in to help if a crime is committed on the streets.

The pace of life in the countryside is slow so people have more time to enjoy life as the day goes on.
Thus, for me to enjoy the quality of life, I prefer to live in the countryside.

489 words

City

In my opinion, one has not experienced life until one has lived in the city. There is so much to see and
experience in the bright lights of the city that you cannot get in the countryside. Here in the city, you can learn
about how to get along with people of different types, encounter varied situations and solve problems. All
these help a person to grow in maturity. After all, experience is the best teacher.

In the countryside, however, you only move around people you are used to. So, you seldom encounter
strangers or new and demanding situations. Life is more mundane and routine-like. Staying in a secure, safe
place does not allow for one to gain new experiences and grow in maturity.
Furthermore, young people need a life that is exciting and pleasurable. It is the city that offers you
entertainment- cinemas, parks and eating places. Here you can hang out with friends and family members.
Life as fast-paced and this keeps you active and alert all times. And when it comes to educational
opportunities, the city abounds in this. There are good school and libraries that are necessary for your mental
development. Furthermore, there are places like museums and educational centres where you can go, to
increase your knowledge.

Such places that offer you entertainment or learning opportunities are of course not available in the
countryside. For entertainment, there is only the occasional festive celebration or marriage feast or fishing
outing. Some may find this appealing but not me. Moreover, opportunities to widen your knowledge are
limited in the countryside.

Another point in support of living in the city is the available of jobs. In the city, you can find a job that
suits your qualification or interest. If you find a job unsuitable, you can always move to another. This,
naturally, increases your earning power and you have better chances of a more comfortable life. Of course,
one may argue that one can live in the countryside and work in the city but this will only incur extra expenses
and unnecessary inconveniences.

Thus, for all the reasons mentioned above, I think that life in the city is better than living in the
countryside. After all, you are young only once.

374 words

CONTINUOUS: EXPOSITORY

Social Networking Website

A large number of internet users have joined social networking websites. A social network service is an
online service, platform, or site that focuses on building and reflecting of social networks or social relations
among people. For example is for those who wants to share interests and, or activities. A social network service
essentially consists of a representation of each user which known often as a profile, his or her social links, and
a variety of additional services.

Most social network services are web based and provide means for users to interact over the internet,
such as e-mail and instant messaging. Online community services are sometimes considered as a social
network service. In a broader sense, social network service usually means an individual-centered service
whereas online community services are group-centered. Social networking sites allow users to share ideas,
activities, events, and interests within their individual networks.

In the last five years, they have been growing up more and more popular. This increase in their
popularity has led to a large number of members.

One of the many reasons why Yahoo!, MySpace and Facebook social networking websites have
increased in popularity is due to the fact that they cover a wide variety of different topics, issues and interest.
They do not just focus on one particular group of individuals or one particular issue. Their policy is to invite as
many types of internet users to join as possible. By this, it gives members a wide selection of online friends to
choose from.

If you are looking to join a social networking website that is more focused on creating friendships or
partnerships between internet users preferable with the same interests, then you will want to focus on social
networking websites. They have a particular focus. The prevalent websites focus on important issues, topics
and hobbies, such as pet owners, religion travel and others. So before you join, think of an issue you are
interested in and sign up for the website that focuses on that issue.
What really sets them apart from other websites? What is so special about them? These are questions
which have been asked by many who show interest in joining. Primarily, it is the community. As mentioned,
such social networking sites tend to focus on a particular topic, issue or hobby. This means that if you are a
keen traveller and you would like to speak to other keen travellers, you will want to join a travellers
networking sites.

The difference between these social networking sites and traditional ones is that you will automatically
be paired with hundreds, if not thousands, of other internet users who share the same interests, views or beliefs
as you. This is a big bonus to the members.

Another benefit to joining the social networking website is that you are, in a way, safer than those who
are members of other networks. Most of them require activation before joining the site. Before activation can
occur, many users are required to state their reasons for wanting to join the network or they may be required
to fill out a small questionnaire pertaining to determine whether or not they have a genuine interest in the topic
focused on by the network in question. By pairing you with a group of individuals who share the same beliefs,
views and interests as you do is advantageous to members. It means that you do not have to spend hours
researching a person or speaking to them just to learn what they are or are not interested in. Therefore, this
enables you to jump right in and start making friends, almost as soon as you are granted access to the site that
you have chosen. This service gives the social networking websites a great edge over other websites.

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CONTINUOUS: ONE-WORD ESSAY

Pollution

Pollution is an issue of concern in the modern world that we live in today. There are many types of
pollution, namely air, water and noise. Pollution in our environment will undoubtedly affect our quality of life.
Our naturally beautiful world becoming ugly because it is suffering from the effects of environmental pollution.
Pollution can also cause various health problems and other negative effects.

Air pollution is caused by the emission of toxic gases from vehicles, factories and open burning. Nowadays,
there are more and more vehicles on the road as society gets more affluent. More and more people strive to
have a better quality of life by having the convenience of driving to their destinations instead of taking public
transportation. Automobiles provides transport to millions people around the world to enable them to travel
to their workplace, school and other places, therefore, the air around us is getting more polluted by the carbon
dioxide that is emitted. Carbon monoxide is another type of gas which harmful to the environment as it can
cause the reduction of oxygen in the bloodstream.

Another example of contributor to the air pollution is the manufacturing factories. The manufacturing of
products in factories to meet the growing demand of society is also causing air pollution. Factories release toxic
gases to the environment. Some factories also use coal to generate heat and energy. As a result from the
burning of coal, carbon dioxide is released into the environment.

Besides factories, many people are still practising open burning as a way of disposing their
household wastes. Although burning our household wastes is a convenient way of getting rid of our rubbish, it
is harmful to the environment as it contributes to the worsening of the air quality. As a result, air pollution
causes people to suffer from health problems such as chest pain and asthma. In extreme cases, people can
contract lung cancer.
Water pollution is also a problem that we are currently facing. The marine life is the first to
suffer from water pollution as they depend on the nutrients in the water to survive. As a result, we are robbed
of beautiful sea corals and unique species of fishes. Besides ruining our marine heritage, the disappearance of
marine life will affect the livelihood of fishermen, not to mention our source of food. Water pollution is
caused by harmful waster from industries, farms and sewerage systems which are dumped into our sources of
water such as rivers and lakes. This irresponsible act contaminates our drinking water and can cause serious
health problems and can even culminate in death.
Noise pollution is another form of pollution. Noise from heavy machinery and vehicles can
cause hearing problems and in extreme cases, deafness. As there is growing number of vehicles on the road,
we are exposed to noise pollution every day. The government in advanced countries encourage their citizens
to take the public buses and trains by providing an affordable and efficient transportation system. This effort
discourages people from driving their private vehicles and consequently reduces the number of vehicles on the
road.
We must work together to reduce pollution so that the future generations can live in a healthy,
unpolluted environment. As the saying goes, precaution is better than cure. Lets hands on hands together by
recycle and conserve the world for the better future.

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DIRECTED: REPORT Book Report

As a class project, you have been asked to write a book report. You decide to write a report of a book you
have just read.

Use the following notes in your report:


- author
- title
- setting
- synopsis
- main characters
- themes
- response

The Story of My Life is an autobiography written by Helen Keller. It tells us how Helen Keller, who was
deaf, blind and mute, defied the odds to become one of the most celebrated personalities in the world. The
story was set in Alabama in 1997.

In the first half of the book, Helen Keller writes about how she was afflicted with scarlet fever
while she was still a baby and how illness left her deaf, blind and mute. The story outlines the frustration
Helen Keller experienced as a child alone in a dark and silent world unable to communicate with anybody.
The author then goes on to say how her life changed with the arrival of her new-employed teacher and nanny,
Anne Mansfield Sullivan.

The second part of the book relates how Helen Keller studied the deaf and dumb language and
learnt how to write using Braille and then went to college and graduated. The story goes on to say how she
spent the rest of her life helping the deaf and dumb all over the world.

I enjoyed reading every page of the book. I found some sections of the book, especially those
that deal with the early part of her life, poignant and touching. It made me realize how difficult life must be for
the handicapped. It also made me realize how fortunate I was. It has made me more sympathetic towards the
plight of those who are less fortunate than I am, especially the handicapped who has given up hope in the face
of misfortune, and the severely handicapped who have lost the will to live.

The story is very touching and informative. It arouses the feelings of the readers. I admire
Helen Keller for her determination and diligence. I appreciate the painstaking efforts taken by the teacher.
The book has a good moral lesson for all. It shows the triumph of the human spirit in the face of indomitable
obstacles. It makes us wonder whether Helen Keller was just another victim of fate or whether her birth has a
special significance. Was Helen Keller fortunate or unfortunate? Helen Keller was unfortunate to have
suffered the cruel twist of fate but the world is fortunate to have had a person like her. Her life shining
example to prove the adage, where there is a will, there is a way.

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ARTICLE: Article for School Magazine / Newsletter
As Chairperson of the English Language Society, you are going write an article in the school newsletter. In the
article you have to tell the students the importance of studying the language. Your article is given in the point
form below:
- will help you to further your studies
- will help you to get a job
- will help you in your job
- will help you to enjoy many interesting programmes in television
- will help you to appreciate many of the worlds most beautiful literary works

The Importance of Studying English

It is a big concerned for teenagers nowadays as they are unaware of the importance of English language
as they tend to ignore to learn the language. Students attitude towards the language is also crucial to make sure
that these teenagers can face the future world better by learning English language as it is an international
language.

Although the government has repeatedly told us of the importance of English, many students
are still not bothered about studying it seriously. There is also a campaign that still on to make all the
Malaysian becomes a better English learner, which is Enhance Proficiency in Bahasa Malaysia, Strengthen the
English. English is the most important and the most useful language in the world today. There are many
reasons why you should study the language properly.

First and foremost, English will definitely help you a lot when you want to further studies.
Almost all books at university are written in English in all subjects. Plus, it is a compulsory for any candidate to
pass English with credit before entering any universities. So, if you are poor in English, you will blow you
chance for better education or worse, you are going to have a big problem studying at university.

The second reason why you have to study English well is that it will help you to get a job. When
you go for a job interview, the interviewer will surely talk to you in English. The first impression you should
give in order to success and have the job is, to respond in English fluently. Your chances of getting the job are
very slim if you stutter while interviewing.

A good command in of English will also help you greatly in your job. If the company you work
is actively involved in international trade, you have to speak to prospective customers in English.
Miscommunication might occur if your English is bad. And this will put your company at risk and you will
likely be dismissed if this happen.

Good English will also help you a lot when you travel. Every country in the world studies
English. Even the roadside stall-holders in China speak fairly good English! At least some of the people you
meet on your travels in other countries can understand English. The language is certainly practical when you
are lost in your trip. Communication problem will not happen if you can converse well in English. Inevitably,
English is one of the languages used in any airport in the world in making announcement. Knowing English
well, therefore, make travelling overseas easier.

Besides all these, entertainment is one of the major advantages you will experience if you good
in English. You will enjoy televisions best programmes. We must admit that many of the best programmes are
produced by the Americans and British companies. High self confidence influenced by the programmes will
indirect inculcate in yourself when you are fluent in the language. Quality time is worthily spent if you
understand and enjoy the programmes.

Based from all the above elaboration, I hope that students will see the importance and realise
how importance the language is for their own future. Although it is a second language in our country, it is now
a main language all over the world.
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