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A Community-Based Recovery Home for Drug Dependents in Baguio


On May 9, Rodrigo Duterte won the 2016 Philippine presidential
election promising to kill thousands of criminals and urging people to kill drug
addicts. A new campaign was born, Campaign Plan Project: Double Barrel.
According to official police documentation, it has two-pronged approach,
Lower Barrel approach under Project Tokhang or the famously known Oplan
Tokhang (Cebuano for tuktok, "knock", and hangyo, "persuade), and Upper
Barrel approach under Project HVT (High Value Targets) that focuses on
relatively more prominent drug personalities including politicians, police and
military personnel and other government employees. (Wikipedia)
According to Asia and Pacific Amphetamine-Type Stimulants
Information Center (APAIC), crystalline methamphetamine remains the most
problematic drug of use in the Philippines. According to the latest drug use
survey conducted by the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB), there were an
estimated 1.8 million drug users in the Philippines. Excluding cannabis,
crystalline methamphetamine, a strong and highly addictive drug that affects
the central nervous system, was the most widely abused drug in the country,
accounting for approximately half (48.9%, 859,150 individuals) of the current
drug users. There is no legal use for it (WebMD). On the other hand, shabu and
marijuana are the most-used drug in the Cordillera according to PDEA
Information Officer Joseph Calutlut.
In the 2015 report of the Dangerous Drugs Boards (DDB), around 1.8
million Filipinos from 10-69 years old are using drugs, or 1.8% of the total
population. In Baguio City, Mayor Mauricio Domogan said latest police records
reveal 2,372 suspected drug users have turned themselves into authorities
(SunStar Baguio, 2017). Despite the number of suspected users, drug-affected
barangays in Baguio City had been reduced to six: Middle Quirino Hill, Pinget,
Bakakeng Central, Aurora Hill Proper, Camp 7, Irisan.
Since 2012, a proposal for a rehabilitation center, to be located in Irisan,
has been tackled. That there is a need for a government-owned rehabilitation
center in the region to meet the needs of the families that have a drug-
dependent family member (Dolino, 2012). Substance abuse is a pattern of
recurrent use that leads to damaging consequences. Damaging
consequences may involve failure to meet ones major role responsibilities. It
may continue for a long period of time or progress to substance dependence,
a more severe disorder associated with physiological signs of dependence
(tolerance or withdrawal syndrome) or compulsive use of a substance (CSUN).
August 2016, Mayor Domogan admitted the City Government has
limited funds for livelihood assistance for the rapidly increasing number of drug
surenderrees wanting to reform their way of life that is why efforts are being
done to help them shy away from going back to the illegal drug trade. In terms
of hosting a government drug rehabilitation facility, he revealed that the local
government is offering the use of a portion of the city-owned 5,000-square
meter property in Balenben, Irisan, near the Social Development Center of the
CSWDO, as a site for rehabilitation center. However, he claimed there are four
alleged informal settlers whose houses must be demolished proposed
rehabilitation center site (See, 2016). Now, September 2017, Mayor Domogan
is still eyeing a portion of the City Social Development Center in Balenben, Irisan
as rehabilitation center for drug users.
Now, the researchers aim to design a government-owned rehabilitation
center for drug dependent people in Baguio City catering to their
physiological and psychological needs that is in line with the City
Governments plans and budgets having the assurance that standards are

The on-going War on Drugs by President Rodrigo Duterte resulted to a

drastic increase of numbers of drug users and pushers recorded. This lead to
the lack of rehabilitation centers needed to shelter and cure them. Urban
sprawl in Baguio City made it difficult in finding a proper and right location to
build a rehabilitation center. Conventional designs of existing centers arent
designed properly to suit the needs of the in and out patients that should result
to a faster recovery. Providing a strategically, well-planned spaces within the
center will improve the network of spaces and relationship for the betterment
of their lives.
a. To determine the issues and problems of drug rehabilitation center.
b. To identify the facility/area that will help the psychological and physical
needs and requirements of the patients to heal and not to alienate them
from the outside world.
c. To design a new developed community- based recovery home for
drug dependents for the betterment of future generation.


a. What are the issues and problems of drug rehabilitation center?
b. What are the needs of a patient undergoing psychological and physical
treatment according to age?
c. What are the areas/ facility of a drug rehabilitation center that will help
the patients get back on their feet?

This Study aims to design a Community-Based Recovery Home for drug
dependents in Baguio City. Assessing the needs of a Community-Based
Recovery Home for drug dependent like Therapeutic Services, Vocational and
education, Stay- in residential Services and the Administration with support
services. In Therapeutic services a room for individual counselling, evening
group meetings, family meetings and drug educational meetings will be
needed to accommodate the activities. In vocational and education an area
for livelihood training, vocational and skill training, job placement assistance
and educational programs will be needed to train and teach them how to
earn money and stand on their feet when they get out of the rehabilitation
center. Stay- in Residential Services can accommodate twenty-five (25)
people for those who are from far barangays ad needed a 24 hour observation
and guidance. Administration and support Services office are also needed for
as extend services from other various fields that can help to reform the drug
dependent users.
The different design criteria like the Green design, Economical (use of
materials that are easy to transport and handle), Disaster Resilient and
innovativeness will depend on the needs of a Community- based Recovery
Home for Drug dependent.
The propose community- based recovery home for drug dependent
follows the different Codes, laws and guidelines of the Philippines like the
National Building Code of The Philippines (PD 1096), Fire Code of the Philippines
(RA 9514), Time- Savers Building types, Sanitation Code of The Philippines (PD
856) and the Philippine Green Building Code. These codes and laws are to be
used as guides in the planning and designing of the rehabilitation center.
The data gathered regarding the need of a community- based recovery home
for drug dependent are then used to come up with the design of the
rehabilitation center. Using these data, we will come with guides, plan and
designs of a community- based recovery home for drug dependent.

Reports of drug related crime are common in the Philippines, It does

seem that illegal drug use is on the rise, and this has worrying implications for
the future. There is an urgent need to educate young people as to the dangers
of drug use, and there is also a great need to help those who are already
addicted to escape their misery. Failure to do this could mean that there would
be further deterioration within many Filipino communities. Given the problem,
Baguio city is not the only place that this research will focus on but to the whole
This study creates different approaches that will accentuate the positive
aspects of a Community-based Recovery Home. Green design, Economical
approach, Disaster resilient, and Innovativeness are the researchers ideas to
make a plan that will heighten its purpose. By providing a good Architectural
design and planning using medical and psychological perspectives, this study
can be added to other existing field of knowledge and can give a big step
towards that might even flourish a country.


The researchers will gather relevant data through interviews, and
observation on the Proposed Community-Based Recovery Home for Drug
Dependents and find out the reasons for the increasing number of drug users.
The researchers then select proper site/ location that will help to improve the
patience, then after that the researchers then identify and understand the
patience psychological and physical needs and requirements according to
their individuality and age limit. After identifying the needs and requirements
the researchers then find solution using architectural design concepts which
are green design, economical, disaster resilient and innovativeness. With all the
data gathered, the researchers will be able to analyse and synthesize the
application of a newly designed community- based recovery home for drug
METHODS OF INQUIRY. Data about Drug dependents are what the research is
searching for and which are subjected to analysis, statistical procedures and
interpretation so that the inferences, principles or generalizations are drawn.
The researchers will use qualitative approach and quantitative approach since
the data and information will be gathering through surveys, interviews,
questionnaires and observation.
The Interview Method. Interview is a purposeful face to face relationship. The
researcher will approach and interview knowledgeable people to enable us
to gain insight about the Baguio Public library.
For interview, it will be done on a one on one interview to the Police Authorities,
Government personnels under DSWD,DOH and PDEA to prove the need of the
Community-Based Recovery Home for Drug Dependents that fits their needs
and achieve public and individual comfort in the use of the Rehabilitation
Center. Interviews will help us understand each point of view towards
Community-Based Recovery Home for Drug Dependents and prove that the
current Drug Rehabilitation Center is lacking in terms of design and planning.
The Observation Method. To enable us, the researcher to gather directly
primary data or first-hand information and empirical data needed to describe
the aspect of variable being studied which cannot be described accurately,
will help us to supplement and verify information gathered. An ocular
inspection may verify different claims to be true or untrue. Additional
information will be gathered.
For observation, it will be done inside the existing Drug Rehabilitation Centers
in Baguio City to observe its usage whether it is use too its maximum capacity
or not.
Related case studies will be reviewed and analyse to provide needed
information and data that can help and be adopted in the study.
DESIGN GUIDELINES. The study will be based on the result of the interviews,
surveys and questionnaires that will be distributed to the public. The results will
now help the researchers determine the problems including reasons and
requirement on designing a new developed community-based recovery
home for drug dependents in Baguio city and determine the needs and wants
of each individual according to their age. Aside from interviews and
questionnaires, related applied sciences such as theories and concepts will be
used to aid the study. New architectural approach such as Green Designs, low-
maintenance building, Disaster Resilient and Innovativeness will be integrated
to the overall design of the new developed community- based recovery home
for drug dependents in Baguio city.


Philippine Drug War. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved September 15, 2017, from

APAIC. (2014). Overview of drug situation. Retrieved from

Catajan, M. (2017, August 3). 2,000 drug users in Baguio surrender. SunStar