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API RP 1102

File no. 1511


Steel Pipelines Crossing
allaboutpipelines Railroads and Highways Page 1 of 5

API RP 1102: Highway Crossing


Client : All About Pipelines Date : 28/08/2017

Project : Info Job no. : XXXX

Subject : Sample Report By : Team

Step a Initial Design Information

Pipe and operational characteristics


Outside diameter : D = 12.75 inch
Maximum allowable operating pressure : p = 1000 psi
Steel grade : = Gr X-56
Specified minimum yield strength : SMYS = 56000 psi
Type of pipe : = SMLS
Design factor (barlow stress & fatigue check) : F = 0.72 --
Allowable design factor (equivalent stress check) : Fa = 0.72 --
Longitudinal joint factor : E = 1.00 --
Installation temperature : T1 = Not Applicable
Maximum or minimum operating pressure : T2 = Not Applicable
Temperature derating factor : T = 1 --
Pipe wall thickness : tw = 0.25 inch
Corrosion allowance (pipeline) : CA = 0 inch

Installation and site characteristics:


Cover depth : H = 6 ft
Bored diameter : Bd = 14.8 inch
Soil type : Stiff to very stiff clays and silts
Modulus of soil reaction : E = 1 ksi
Resilient modulus : Er = 10 ksi
Unit Soil Weight : = 120 lb/ft3
Type of longitudinal weld : = 0.72 --
Design wheel load from single axle : Ps = 12 kips
Design wheel load from tandem axles : Pt = 10 kips
Pavement type : = Flexible pavement

Other pipe steel properties:


Youngs modulus : Es = 3.0E+007 psi
Poissons ratio : s = 0.3 --
Coefficient of thermal expansion : T = 6.5E-006 / oF

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API RP 1102
File no. 1511
Steel Pipelines Crossing
allaboutpipelines Railroads and Highways Page 2 of 5

Step b Check Allowable Barlow Stress

Equation 8b with: p = 1000 psi SHi (Barlow) = 25500 psi


D = 12.75 inch

tw = 0.25 inch
F = 0.72
E = 1.00 FETSMYS = 40320 psi

T=1
SMYS = 56000 psi

SHi Allowable? YES

Step c Circumferential Stress due to Earth Load

c.1 Figure 3 with: tw / D = 0.020 KHe = 2444


E' = 1 ksi

c.2 Figure 4 with: H/ Bd = 4.9 Be = 0.94


Soil type = B

c.3 Figure 5 with: Bd/ D = 1.16 Ee = 1.12

c.4 Equation 1 with: D = 12.75 inch SHe = 2291 psi


= 120 lb/ft3

Step d - Impact Factor, Fi, and Applied Design Surface Pressure, w

d.1 Figure 7 for highways with: H = 6 ft Fi = 1.47

d.2 Applied design surface pressure, w:


Section 4.7.2.2.1: Flexible pavement Pt = 10 kips
Critical case : tandem axles w = 69.4 psi

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API RP 1102
File no. 1511
Steel Pipelines Crossing
allaboutpipelines Railroads and Highways Page 3 of 5

Step e - Cyclic Stresses, SHh and SLh

e.1 Cyclic circumferential Stress, SHh

e.1.1 Figure 14 with: tw / D = 0.020 KHh = 14.2


Er = 10 ksi

e.1.2 Figure 15 with: D = 12.75 inch GHh = 1.00


H = 6 ft (1.8 m)

e.1.3 Table 2 with: R = 1.00


Flexible pavement H = 6 ft (1.8 m) L = 1.00
tandem axles D = 12.75 inch

e.1.4 Equation 5: SHh = 1448 psi

e.2 Cyclic longitudinal Stress, SLh

e.2.1 Figure 16 with: tw / D = 0.020 KLh = 9.8


Er = 10 ksi

e.2.2 Figure 17 with: D = 12.75 inch GLh = 0.99


H = 6 ft (1.8 m)

e.2.3 Table 2 with: R = 1.00


Flexible pavement H = 6 ft (1.8 m) L = 1.00
tandem axles D = 12.75 inch

e.2.4 Equation 6: SLh = 991 psi

Step f - Circumferential Stress dues to Internal Pressurization, SHi

Equation 7 with: p = 1000 psi SHi = 25000 psi


D = 12.75 inch
tw = 0.25 inch

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API RP 1102
File no. 1511
Steel Pipelines Crossing
allaboutpipelines Railroads and Highways Page 4 of 5

Step g - Principal Stresses, S1, S2, S3

Es = 3.0E+007 psi
T = 6.5E-006 / oF
T1 = Not Applicable
T2 = Not Applicable

g.1 Equation 9 with: SHe = 2291psi S1 = 28739 psi


SHh = 1448psi
SHi = 25000 psi

g.2 Equation 10 with: SLh = 991psi S2 = 9179 psi


SHe = 2291psi
SHi = 25000 psi

g.3 Equation 11 with: p = 1000 psi S3 = -1000 psi

g.4 Effective stress, Seff :


Equation 12 with: S1 = 28739 psi Seff = 26179 psi
S2 = 9179 psi
S3 = -1000 psi

g.5 Check allowable effective stress Fa = 0.72


SMYS = 56000 psi
Seff = 26179psi
SMYS Fa = 40320 psi

Seff SMYS Fa? YES

Step h Check fatigue

h.1 Girth welds


F = 0.72
Table 3 SFG= 12000 psi
Equation 17 with: SLh = 991psi
SFG F = 8640 psi SLh SFG F ? YES

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API RP 1102
File no. 1511
Steel Pipelines Crossing
allaboutpipelines Railroads and Highways Page 5 of 5

h.2 Longitudinal welds


F = 0.72
Table 3 SFL= 23000 psi
Equation 20 with: SHh = 1448 psi
SFL F = 16560 psi SHh SFL F ? YES

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