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_____________________________________________________MODAL VERBS

O B L I G A T I O N

MUST -Personal Obligation MUSTNT prohibition


Strong recommendation PRESENT DONT HAVE TO lack of obligation
HAVE TO -External obligation NEEDNT - lack of obligation
Necessity from speakers view

1.- She lives far from her office. 1.- I want Shethis ...................
letter typed, but you ......................
leave very early every morning. do it today. Tomorrow will do.
MODAL PRESENT 2.- Notice in aFUTURE picture gallery: 2.- You Cameras, PAST make your own bed. The
.......................
sticks
and umbrellas ......... bemaid left at willthedodesk.
it.
3.- He sees very badly; he3.- ...................
We ...........................
wear open the lions cage.
MUST I must remember to pay glasses I mustall the time. to pay
remember Its contrary
I had totopay zoothe regulations.
phone
the phone bill 4.- My boss says that
the phone billI tomorrow
....................
4.- Police bill notice:
stay atCars work ...................... be parked
until six oclock. Its not fair! here.
5.- You ................ read this 5.-books.
You ...................
Its excellent. smoke in a non-smoking
6.- If you have a dog, you .....................
compartment. take it
HAVE TO I have to wear glasses I will have to wear I had to wear glasses
out for a walk twice a day. 6.- You .............................. go to the shops
glasses
7.- Farmers ........................ get today.up early.
Theres plenty of food at home.
8.- We are lost. We 7.- Church ask somebody.
notice: Visitors .................. walk
9.- Railway notice: Passengers about ...................
the church during a service.
cross the line by the footbridge. 8.- Mother to child: You .................. play with
MUSTNT We mustnt smoke here We mustnt smoke in
10.-. When a tyre is punctured, matches.
We werent allowed to
the driver
the future
...................... change9.- theYouwheel. smoke at school
........................ clean the windows. The
11.- Tell her that she ........window be herecleaner by six; is I coming tomorrow.
insist on it. 10.- You .................... carry that parcel home
12.- The shops here dont deliver; yourself;we .................
the shop will send it.
carry everything home 11.-ourselves.
You ...................... take anything out of a
13.- .- Whenever the dog wants shop to go without
out, I paying
. for it.
NEEDNT You neednt wait for me You neednt
............... get up and wait12.-for me
open You You neednt put
the....................
door. have waited
salt in any of her
tomorrow morning
14.- Father to son: I cant support dishes. for
youShes me. Thanks, anyway!
any got high blood pressure.
longer. You .............. 13.- earnWe your ........................
own living make any more
1.- If you come to my school next term , you 15.-(not) ...........................................
Mr. Pitt ......................... cook hiswear
sandwiches. ownameals.
uniform.
Weve got plenty now.
2.- When I didnt have a job. I (not) His wife is get away.up so early 14.- You every day.
.................... talk to the other
3.- She is taking part in the next tennis championship, so she train
16.- I never remember his address;candidates I always during the every
exam. day.
4.- My parents are very tolerant. I (not) .ask for permission when
................... look it up.15.- You ...................... strike a match. TheI
DONTwantNEED TO
to do something Hes so clever. He17.- Employer: He doesnt need to roomHe
You ........................ is
come knew
full of all the answers,
togas.
5.- When we were at school doesnt we need
(not)
to study.work studyon time. wear
for tomorrows 16.-mini-skirts. so he didnt need
You ...... turn onto study
the light. Its clear
6.- If you win the lottery, you (not) .. 18.- Whenexam. you go to awork private anyenough.
longer. you
dentist,
7.- This cake is delicious. You . He wontpay
.................... taste
needhimto it!
17.-study
quite You a lot........
of money. tell lies. Thats something
8.- Dont worry about the cleaning. You (not) do
when he gets
19.- Father to small son: You awful. a job. it right now.
........................ do
9.- You (not, buy) sowhat much food. There
mummy says.were 18.-onlyYou four of us ring
....... for dinner.
the bell. Ive got the key.
10.- Women (not) .. 20.- Youvote at the beginning
............................19.- of
listen the
Notice twentieth
to theirin anewcinema: century.
Exit doors .............. be
11.- I dont want you to get wet in the rain. Yousong.
Youre going to like it. carry your
locked duringumbrella.
performances.
12.- You (not) criticize other people. Its something horrible. drink this. Its poison.
20.- You ..................
13.- If you ride a motorbike, you wear a crash helmet.
14.- Good! The bus is coming. I (not) .. wait any longer.
15.- To work in the laboratory, we wear a white robe.
16.- If she ...................................... leave early, she ...................................... go now.
17.- You (not) .................................... wake me up. I have my own alarm clock.
18.- You (not) ...................................... park here. It isnt a parking zone.
19.- (you) .. take your car to the garage last week?
20.- When you go on holiday next week, you phone me everyday or Ill be worried.
21.- You (not, spend) .. so much money on my present. It was far too expensive.
22.- Fortunately, I (not) .. buy a new TV set. It started working properly again.
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MUST - MUSTNT - HAVE TO DONT HAVE TO

1.- You ............... do your homework as soon as you leave school. I dont want you to
be lazy.
2.- Children .................... (not) say rude words.
3.- You .........................(not) drive a car when you drink.
4.- Its Saturday today. I .........................(not) go to work.
5.- I ........................ clean the house after the party last week.
6.- We ............................ help him to start walking again after the accident he had.
7.- Last week she .................. look after her sisters children at the weekend.
8.- Students ......................... (not) cheat in exams.
9.- Children ....................... play with other children to socialise.
10.- I ..............................(not) ask anybody for a lift. I had my own car.
11.- I want to learn to do it by myself. You .........................(not) help me.
12.- You ............................. (not) eat with your fingers.
13.- You ............................ start a diet if you dont lose weight with exercise.
14.- ............................(you) cook for your family everyday?
15.- ............................(you) cook for your guests last Saturday?
16.- Weve got enough coffee. We .............................(not) buy any more.
17.- Nobody was hungry, so I (not) cook anything.
18.- Its raining. I ...............................carry an umbrella.
19.- The doctor always tells me I ................................ (not) eat fattening things.
20.- Ive already done the washing up. You (not) do it.
21.- Notice in a museum: People .................... (not) touch exhibited paintings.
22.- There are no stamps. I .. buy some at the Post Office
23.- We ..(not) pay anything. Its a free buffet.
24.- ................................. (you) get a visa to travel to USA?
25.- You be careful!
26.- The film was very interesting. You ................. go and see it.
27.- My mother always tells me that I ................... clean my own shoes, but I forget.
28.- As there was a general transport strike, we .................. walk to our house.
29.- I ................... (not) take an invitation with me. They know I am one of the guests.
30.- You ...............................(not) work very hard at my school. The lessons are very
easy.
31.- She will come round, so I .....................................(not) phone her.
32.- We ..........................(not) miss the bus or we wont be in time for the theatre.
33.- You ...............................(not) move - the robbers told us.
34.- Park notice: All dogs ............................... be kept on leads.
35.- If you have a rich father, you ...............................(not) work at all.
36.- The baby is allergic to cereals. We (not) ..give him any bread.
37.- I a lot of medicines since I go this cold.
38.- You (not) . hit a child if he does something wrong.
39.- I .. look up this word in the dictionary. I dont know its meaning.
40.- Children, you . tidy your room immediately. Its all in a mess.
_____________________________________________________MODAL VERBS

REPHRASING TRANSFORM THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES USING MODALS

1.- It isnt necessary for us to finish the project until next week.
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2.- Stop making so much noise. Im trying to listen to the news.


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3.- Chewing gum is not allowed in the classroom.


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4.- Its necessary for Mary to take her dog out three times a day.
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5.- Its isnt necessary for you to give me an answer right now.
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6.- Students arent allowed to use their dictionaries during the exam.
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7.- Its compulsory for people to pay taxes.


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8.- It isnt necessary for you to ask for permission every time you want to use the phone.
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9.- Pick up everything youve left on the floor.


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10.- Its necessary for construction workers to wear a helmet.


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11.- People arent allowed to feed the animals in a zoo.


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12.- Its necessary for people to get a work permit to live in the USA.
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13.- It was forbidden for them to leave the office before 6 oclock.
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14.- It wasnt necessary for their parents to emigrate.


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15.- It will be necessary for Harry apologise for his behaviour.


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16.- It is compulsory to fill in all the application forms to apply for the job.
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17.- You phoned the fire brigade unnecessarily. I put the fire out myself.
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18.- I insist on talking to the manager immediately.


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KEY
_____________________________________________________MODAL VERBS

Page 1 left Page 1 right

1. has to 1. neednt / dont have to


2. must 2. dont have to
3. has to 3. mustnt
4. must 4. mustnt
5. must 5. mustnt
6. have to 6. neednt / dont have to
7. have to 7. mustnt
8. have to 8. mustnt
9. must 9. neednt / dont have to
10. has to 10. neednt / dont have to
11. must 11. mustnt
12. have to 12. mustnt
13. have to 13. neednt / dont have to
14. must 14. mustnt
15. has to 15. mustnt
16. have to 16. neednt / dont have to
17. must 17. mustnt
18. have to 18. neednt / dont have to
19. must 19. mustnt
20. must 20. mustnt

Page 2

1. wont have to Page 3


2. didnt have to
3. has to 1. must
2. mustnt
4. dont have to
3. mustnt
5. werent allowed to 4. dont have to
6. wont have to 5. had to
7. must 6. had / have had
8. neednt 7. had to
9. neednt have bought 8. mustnt
10. werent allowed to 9. have to
11. must 10. didnt have to
11. neednt
12. mustnt
12. mustnt
13. have to 13. will have to
14. wont have to 14. do you have to
15. have to 15. did you have to
16. has to will have 16. neednt / dont have to
17. neednt / dont have to 17. didnt have to
18. mustnt 18. have to
19. Did you have to 19. mustnt
20. neednt
20. must
21. mustnt
21. neednt have spent 22. have to
22. didnt have to 23. dont have to
24. do you have to
25. must
26. must
27. must
28. had to
29. dont have to
30. dont have to
31. wont have to
32. mustnt
33. mustnt
34. must
35. dont have to
36. mustnt
37. have had
38. mustnt
39. have to
40. must

Page 4

1. We dont have to finish the project until next week


2. You must stop making so much noise.
_____________________________________________________MODAL VERBS

3. You mustnt chew gum in the classroom


4. Mary has to take her dog out three times a day
5. We dont have to give an answer right now
6. Students mustnt use their dictionaries during the exam
7. People have to pay taxes
8. You neednt/dont have to ask for permission every time you want to use the phone
9. You must pick up everything youve left on the floor.
10. Construction workers have to wear a helmet
11. People mustnt feed the animals in a zoo
12. People have to get a work permit to live in the USA
13. They werent allowed to leave the office before 6
14. Their parents didnt have to emigrate
15. Harry will have to apologise for his behaviour
16. You have to fill in all the application forms to apply for the job
17. You neednt have phoned the fire brigade.
18. I must talk to the manager immediately.