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Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle.

Il convient de lire attentivement ce manuel avant la pre-


mire utilisation du vhicule.
Bitte lesen Sie diese Bedienungsanleitung sorgfltig
durch, bevor Sie das Fahrzeug in Betrieb nehmen.

OWNERS MANUAL
MANUEL DU PROPRITAIRE
BEDIENUNGSANLEITUNG

PW50
PW50D
PW50D1
5PG-28199-8B

DIC183

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PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER PRINTED IN JAPAN
IMPRIM SUR PAPIER RECYCL 2012.07-0.61 CR
AUF RECYCLINGPAPIER GEDRUCKT (E,F,G)

DIC183

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Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle.

OWNERS MANUAL

PW50
PW50D
PW50D1
5PG-28199-8B-E0
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EAU48173

Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle. This manual should stay with this vehicle if it is sold.

EC Declaration of Conformity
conforming to Directive 2006/42/EC

We, YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD. 2500 Shingai, Iwata, Japan,


declare in sole responsibility, that the product

PW50 (JYA3PT00000428377 )
(Make, model)

to which this declaration applies, conforms to the essential health


and safety requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC

(If applicable)
and to the other relevant Directives of EEC
2004/108/EC
(Title and/or number and date of issue of the other Directives of EEC)

(If applicable)
To effect correct application of the essential health and safety requirements
stated in the Directives of EEC, the following-standards and/or technical
specifications were consulted:
EN16029
(Title and/or number and date of issue of standards and/or specifications)

Authorized Representative
YAMAHA MOTOR EUROPE N.V.
Koolhovenlaan 101, 1119 NC Schiphol-Rijk, The Netherlands

Signature
Hiromi Yamamoto
General Manager.
Development Division
3rd Business Unit
Motorcycle Business Operations
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.

Date of Issue 16 May , 2012

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INTRODUCTION
EAU41074

Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha PW50/PW50D/PW50D1. This model is the result of Yamahas vast expe-
rience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing machines. It represents the high degree of crafts-
manship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will give you an understanding of the operation, inspection, and basic maintenance of this motorcycle. If you
have any questions concerning the operation or maintenance of your motorcycle, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
The design and manufacture of this Yamaha motorcycle fully comply with the emissions standards for clean air applicable at
the date of manufacture. Yamaha has met these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the
motorcycle. To maintain these high standards, it is important that you and your Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the
recommended maintenance schedules and operating instructions contained within this manual.
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most cur-
rent product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this
manual. If there is any question concerning this manual, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
EWA10031

WARNING
Please read this manual carefully and completely before operating this motorcycle.
EWA14351

WARNING
This motorcycle is designed and manufactured for off-road use only. It is illegal to operate this motorcycle on any
public street, road or highway. Such use is prohibited by law. This motorcycle complies with almost all state off-
highway noise level and spark arrester laws and regulations. Please check your local riding laws and regulations
before operating this motorcycle.
AN IMPORTANT SAFETY MESSAGE:
Read this manual carefully and completely before operating this motorcycle. Make sure you understand all instructions.
Pay close attention to the warning and notice labels on the motorcycle.
Never operate a motorcycle without proper training or instruction.
Weight of the rider should not exceed 25 kg (55 lb).

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INTRODUCTION
AN IMPORTANT NOTE TO PARENTS:
This motorcycle is not a toy. Before you let your child ride this motorcycle, you should understand the instructions and warn-
ings in this Owners Manual. Then be sure your child understands and will follow them. Children differ in skills, physical abil-
ities, and judgment. Some children may not be able to operate a motorcycle safely. Parents should supervise their childs
use of the motorcycle at all times. Parents should permit continued use only if they determine that the child has the ability to
operate the motorcycle safely.
Your motorcycle is equipped with an adjustable speed limiter and a power reduction plate. Yamaha recommends that all be-
ginners start off with the speed limiter adjusting screw turned in and the power reduction plate installed in the exhaust man-
ifold to limit the power available while they learn. The limiter screw may be gradually turned out to increase maximum speed
as the beginner becomes more familiar with operating the motorcycle. Parents should decide when to adjust the motorcycle
for more power as their youngsters riding skills improve. Once the rider can operate with skill at the top speed permitted by
adjusting the speed limiter alone, the power reduction plate can be removed. Since removal of this plate will result in a sig-
nificant increase in power, turn the speed limiter back in again; adjust it out in stages as you did before.
Motorcycles are single track vehicles. Their safe use and operation are dependent upon the use of proper riding
techniques as well as the expertise of the operator. Every operator should know the following requirements before
riding this motorcycle.
He or she should:
Obtain thorough instructions from a competent source on all aspects of motorcycle operation.
Observe the warnings and maintenance requirements in this Owners Manual.
Obtain qualified training in safe and proper riding techniques.
Obtain professional technical service as indicated in this Owners Manual and/or when made necessary by mechanical
conditions.

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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION


EAU10133

Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:


This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal injury
hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury
or death.

A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in


WARNING death or serious injury.

A NOTICE indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the
NOTICE vehicle or other property.

TIP A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.

*Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.

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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION

EAU10200

PW50/PW50D/PW50D1
OWNERS MANUAL
2012 by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
1st edition, June 2012
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
LOCATION OF IMPORTANT FOR YOUR SAFETY Checking the throttle grip free
LABELS ............................................1-1 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ............. 5-1 play ........................................... 7-12
Tires ............................................. 7-12
SAFETY INFORMATION ..................2-1 OPERATION AND IMPORTANT Panel wheels ................................ 7-14
RIDING POINTS ................................ 6-1 Adjusting the front and
DESCRIPTION ..................................3-1 Starting and warming up rear brake lever free play .......... 7-14
Left view ..........................................3-1 a cold engine .............................. 6-1 Checking the front and
Right view ........................................3-2 Starting a warm engine .................. 6-1 rear brake shoes ....................... 7-15
Controls and instruments ................3-3 Starting off ..................................... 6-2 Checking and lubricating
Acceleration and deceleration ....... 6-2 the cables ................................. 7-16
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL Braking ........................................... 6-2 Checking and lubricating
FUNCTIONS .......................................4-1 Engine break-in .............................. 6-3 the throttle grip and cable ......... 7-16
Handlebar switch ............................4-1 Parking ........................................... 6-4 Adjusting the Autolube pump ....... 7-16
Speed limiter and power reduction Lubricating the front and
plate ............................................4-1 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND rear brake levers ....................... 7-17
Front brake lever ............................4-2 ADJUSTMENT................................... 7-1 Checking and lubricating
Rear brake lever .............................4-3 Owners tool kit .............................. 7-2 the centerstand ......................... 7-17
Fuel tank cap ..................................4-3 Periodic maintenance chart for Checking the front fork ................. 7-17
Fuel ................................................4-3 the emission control system ....... 7-3 Checking the steering .................. 7-18
Fuel tank breather hose .................4-5 General maintenance and Checking the wheel bearings ....... 7-18
2-stroke engine oil ..........................4-6 lubrication chart .......................... 7-4 Front wheel .................................. 7-19
Fuel cock ........................................4-6 Checking the spark plug ................ 7-6 Rear wheel ................................... 7-20
Starter (choke) lever .......................4-7 Removing the power reduction Troubleshooting ........................... 7-23
Kickstarter ......................................4-7 plate ............................................ 7-7 Troubleshooting chart .................. 7-24
Seat ................................................4-7 Transmission oil ............................. 7-8
Cable lock (for Europe) ..................4-8 Middle and final gear cases ........... 7-9 MOTORCYCLE CARE AND
Cleaning the air filter element ........ 7-9 STORAGE .......................................... 8-1
Cleaning the spark arrester ......... 7-10 Matte color caution ......................... 8-1
Adjusting the carburetor ............... 7-11 Care ............................................... 8-1
Adjusting the engine idling Storage ........................................... 8-3
speed ........................................ 7-11

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SPECIFICATIONS .............................9-1

CONSUMER INFORMATION...........10-1
Identification numbers ..................10-1

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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS


EAU48115

Read and understand all of the labels on your vehicle. They contain important information for safe and proper operation of
your vehicle. Never remove any labels from your vehicle. If a label becomes difficult to read or comes off, a replacement label 1
is available from your Yamaha dealer.
For Canada

1 2 3,4 7

5,6

1-1
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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS


For Canada

1 2
1
WARNING ANADA
BEFORE YOU OPERATE THIS VEHICLE, READ THE OWNERS C
NS
CMVSS

MANUAL AND ALL LABELS.


VAC

NEVER CARRY A PASSENGER. You increase your risk of losing


control if you carry a passenger.
506
NEVER OPERATE THIS VEHICLE ON PUBLIC ROADS. You can
T

collide with another vehicle if you operate this vehicle on a public road. RA R
T

ALWAYS WEAR AN APPROVED MOTORCYCLE HELMET,


NSPO
eye protection, and protective clothing.
3PT-2118K-A1

3 4
AVERTISSEMENT THIS VEHICLE IS A RESTRICTED USE
LIRE LE MANUEL DU PROPRIETAIRE AINSI QUE TOUTES LES MOTORCYCLE AND IS NOT INTENDED FOR
ETIQUETTES AVANT DUTILISER CE VEHICULE. USE ON PUBLIC HIGHWAYS.
NE JAMAIS TRANSPORTER DE PASSAGER. La conduite avec CE VHICULE EST UNE MOTOCYCLETTE
passager augmente les risques de perte de contrle. USAGE RESTREINT DONT LUSAGE NEST PAS
NE JAMAIS ROULER SUR DES CHEMINS PUBLICS. DESTIN AUX VOIES PUBLIQUES.
Vous pourriez entrer en collision avec un autre vhicule.
3PT-2416E-10
TOUJOURS PORTER UN CASQUE DE MOTOCYCLISTE
APPROUVE, des lunettes et des vtements de protection.
5PG-2118K-10

1-2
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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS


For Canada

5 6
1
TIRE INFORMATION INFORMATION SUR LES PNEUS
Cold tire nor mal pressure should be set as La pression des pneus froid doit normalement
follows. tre rgle comme suit.
FRO NT : 1 0 0 k Pa , {1.0 0 k gf /c m }, 15 ps i AVANT : 100 kPa, { 1. 00 kg f/cm } , 15 psi
RE AR : 1 0 0 k Pa , {1.0 0 k gf /c m }, 15 ps i ARRIERE : 100 kPa, { 1. 00 kg f/cm } , 15 psi
3RV-21668-A0 3RV-21668-B0

7
This spark ignition system meets all requirements
of the Canadian Interference Causing Equipment
Regulations.
Ce systme dallumage par tincelle de vhicule
respecte toutes les exigences du Rglement sur le
matriel brouilleur du Canada.
3JK-82377-00

1-3
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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS


For Europe

1 2 3 4

1-4
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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS


For Europe

1 2
1
PW50
2.1 kW 39 kg
5PG-2156A-10

5B6-2816R-00

3 4
EN16029
2012
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD. 100 kPa 100 kPa
2500 SHINGAI, IWATA, JAPAN 1.00 kgf/cm 1.00 kgf/cm
5B6-2817L-00 15 psi 15 psi
5PG-2816R-00

1-5
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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS


Familiarize yourself with the following pictograms and read the explanatory text.

1 Read the Owners manual. Never use on paved roads.

Always use an approved Never carry passengers.


helmet and protective gear.

Use from 6 years old. This unit contains high-


Operation of this motorcycle pressure nitrogen gas.
by children under the age of 6 Mishandling can cause an
increase the risk of severe explosion. Do not incinerate,
injury or death. puncture or open.

Adult supervision required for Turn off the main switch after
children. riding to avoid draining the
battery.

1-6
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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS

Use unleaded gasoline only. 1


1
**** 1 Year of construction
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
2500 SHINGAI, IWATA, JAPAN

Measure the tire pressure


when the tires are cold.

Adjust the tire pressure.


Improper tire pressure can
cause loss of control.
Loss of control can result in
**.* kPa **.* kPa
*.** kgf/cm *.** kgf/cm severe injury or death.
*.* psi *.* psi

1
1 Model Name
****** 2 Max. Power
*** kW *** kg
3 Mass In Running Order
2 3

1-7
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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS


For Oceania and South Africa

1-8
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LOCATION OF IMPORTANT LABELS


For Oceania and South Africa

1 2
1
WARNING TIRE INFORMATION
BEFORE YOU OPERATE THIS VEHICLE, READ THE OWNERS
MANUAL AND ALL LABELS. Cold tire normal pressure should be set as
NEVER CARRY A PASSENGER. You increase your risk of losing follows.
control if you carry a passenger. F RONT : 100 kPa, { 1.00 k gf/c m} , 15 ps i
NEVER OPERATE THIS VEHICLE ON PUBLIC ROADS. You can REAR : 100 kPa, { 1.00 k gf/c m} , 15 ps i
collide with another vehicle if you operate this vehicle on a public road.
3RV-21668-A0
ALWAYS WEAR AN APPROVED MOTORCYCLE HELMET,
eye protection, and protective clothing.
3PT-2118K-A1

1-9
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SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU4093B
Never operate a motorcycle with- The failure of motorists to detect
out proper training or instruction. and recognize motorcycles in traf-
Take a training course. Beginners fic is the predominating cause of
Be a Responsible Owner should receive training from a cer- automobile/motorcycle accidents.
As the vehicles owner, you are respon- tified instructor. Contact an autho- Many accidents have been caused
sible for the safe and proper operation rized motorcycle dealer to find out by an automobile driver who did
2 of your motorcycle. about the training courses nearest not see the motorcycle. Making
Motorcycles are single-track vehicles. you. yourself conspicuous appears to
Their safe use and operation are de- be very effective in reducing the
pendent upon the use of proper riding Safe Riding chance of this type of accident.
techniques as well as the expertise of Perform the pre-operation checks each Therefore:
the operator. Every operator should time you use the vehicle to make sure it Wear a brightly colored jacket.
know the following requirements before is in safe operating condition. Failure to Use extra caution when you are
riding this motorcycle. inspect or maintain the vehicle properly approaching and passing
He or she should: increases the possibility of an accident through intersections, since in-
Obtain thorough instructions from
or equipment damage. See page 5-1 tersections are the most likely
a competent source on all aspects for a list of pre-operation checks. places for motorcycle accidents
of motorcycle operation. This motorcycle is designed for off- to occur.
Observe the warnings and mainte-
road use only, therefore, it is illegal Ride where other motorists can
nance requirements in this Own- to operate it on public streets, see you. Avoid riding in another
ers Manual. roads, or highways, even a dirt or motorists blind spot.
Obtain qualified training in safe
gravel one. Off-road use on public Never maintain a motorcycle
and proper riding techniques. lands may be illegal. Please check without proper knowledge. Con-
Obtain professional technical ser-
local regulations before riding. tact an authorized motorcycle
vice as indicated in this Owners This motorcycle is designed to car- dealer to inform you on basic
Manual and/or when made neces- ry the operator only. No passen- motorcycle maintenance. Cer-
sary by mechanical conditions. gers. tain maintenance can only be
carried out by certified staff.

2-1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
Many accidents involve inexperi- the handlebar and both feet on the Always wear protective clothing
enced operators. operator footrests during operation that covers your legs, ankles, and
Make sure that you are qualified to maintain control of the motorcy- feet. The engine or exhaust sys-
and that you only lend your mo- cle. tem become very hot during or af-
torcycle to other qualified opera- Never ride under the influence of ter operation and can cause burns.
tors. alcohol or other drugs. 2
Know your skills and limits. Avoid Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Staying within your limits may Protective Apparel All engine exhaust contains carbon
help you to avoid an accident. The majority of fatalities from motorcy- monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing car-
We recommend that you prac- cle accidents are the result of head in- bon monoxide can cause headaches,
tice riding your motorcycle until juries. The use of a safety helmet is the dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, confu-
you have become thoroughly fa- single most critical factor in the preven- sion, and eventually death.
miliar with the motorcycle and all tion or reduction of head injuries. Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odor-
of its controls. Always wear an approved helmet. less, tasteless gas which may be
Many accidents have been caused Wear a face shield or goggles. present even if you do not see or smell
by error of the motorcycle opera- Wind in your unprotected eyes any engine exhaust. Deadly levels of
tor. A typical error made by the op- could contribute to an impairment carbon monoxide can collect rapidly
erator is veering wide on a turn of vision that could delay seeing a and you can quickly be overcome and
due to excessive speed or under- hazard. unable to save yourself. Also, deadly
cornering (insufficient lean angle The use of a jacket, heavy boots, levels of carbon monoxide can linger
for the speed). Never travel faster trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in for hours or days in enclosed or poorly
than warranted by conditions. preventing or reducing abrasions ventilated areas. If you experience any
Ride cautiously in unfamiliar ar- or lacerations. symptoms of carbon monoxide poison-
eas. You may encounter hidden Never wear loose-fitting clothes, ing, leave the area immediately, get
obstacles that could cause an ac- otherwise they could catch on the fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREAT-
cident. control levers, footrests, or wheels MENT.
The posture of the operator is im- and cause injury or an accident.
portant for proper control. The op-
erator should keep both hands on
2-2
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SAFETY INFORMATION
Do not run engine indoors. Even if The weight of the operator must Genuine Yamaha Accessories
you try to ventilate engine exhaust not exceed 25 kg (55 lb). Choosing accessories for your vehicle
with fans or open windows and Accessory weight should be kept is an important decision. Genuine
doors, carbon monoxide can rap- as low and close to the motorcycle Yamaha accessories, which are avail-
idly reach dangerous levels. as possible. Securely pack your able only from a Yamaha dealer, have
2 Do not run engine in poorly venti- heaviest items as close to the cen- been designed, tested, and approved
lated or partially enclosed areas ter of the vehicle as possible and by Yamaha for use on your vehicle.
such as barns, garages, or car- make sure to distribute the weight Many companies with no connection to
ports. as evenly as possible on both Yamaha manufacture parts and acces-
Do not run engine outdoors where sides of the motorcycle to mini- sories or offer other modifications for
engine exhaust can be drawn into mize imbalance or instability. Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in a
a building through openings such Shifting weights can create a sud- position to test the products that these
as windows and doors. den imbalance. Make sure that ac- aftermarket companies produce.
cessories are securely attached to Therefore, Yamaha can neither en-
Loading the motorcycle before riding. dorse nor recommend the use of ac-
Adding accessories to your motorcycle Check accessory mounts fre- cessories not sold by Yamaha or
can adversely affect stability and han- quently. modifications not specifically recom-
dling if the weight distribution of the mo- Properly adjust the suspension mended by Yamaha, even if sold and
torcycle is changed. To avoid the for your load (suspension-ad- installed by a Yamaha dealer.
possibility of an accident, use extreme justable models only), and
caution when adding accessories to check the condition and pres- Aftermarket Parts, Accessories, and
your motorcycle. Use extra care when sure of your tires. Modifications
riding a motorcycle that has added ac- Never attach any large or heavy While you may find aftermarket prod-
cessories. Here are some general items to the handlebar, front ucts similar in design and quality to
guidelines to follow if adding accesso- fork, or front fender. genuine Yamaha accessories, recog-
ries to your motorcycle: nize that some aftermarket accessories
Operation of an overloaded vehicle or modifications are not suitable be-
could cause an accident. cause of potential safety hazards to you
or others. Installing aftermarket prod-
2-3
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SAFETY INFORMATION
ucts or having other modifications per- Bulky or large accessories may appropriate. Refer to page 7-12 for tire
formed to your vehicle that change any seriously affect the stability of specifications and more information on
of the vehicles design or operation the motorcycle. Wind may at- replacing your tires.
characteristics can put you and others tempt to lift the motorcycle, or
at greater risk of serious injury or death. the motorcycle may become un- Transporting the Motorcycle
You are responsible for injuries related stable in cross winds. Be sure to observe following instruc- 2
to changes in the vehicle. Certain accessories can dis- tions before transporting the motorcy-
Keep the following guidelines in mind, place the operator from his or cle in another vehicle.
as well as those provided under Load- her normal riding position. This Remove all loose items from the
ing when mounting accessories. improper position limits the free- motorcycle.
Never install accessories that dom of movement of the opera- Check that the fuel cock is in the
would impair the performance of tor and may limit control ability, S (stop) position and that there
your motorcycle. Carefully inspect therefore, such accessories are are no fuel leaks.
the accessory before using it to not recommended. Point the front wheel straight
make sure that it does not in any Use caution when adding electri- ahead on the trailer or in the truck
way reduce ground clearance or cal accessories. If electrical acces- bed, and choke it in a rail to pre-
cornering clearance, limit suspen- sories exceed the capacity of the vent movement.
sion travel, steering travel or con- motorcycles electrical system, an Shift the transmission in gear (for
trol operation. electric failure could result, which models with a manual transmis-
Accessories fitted to the handle- could cause a dangerous loss of sion).
bar or the front fork area can lights or engine power. Secure the motorcycle with tie-
create instability due to improper downs or suitable straps that are
weight distribution. If accesso- Aftermarket Tires and Rims attached to solid parts of the mo-
ries are added to the handlebar The tires and rims that came with your torcycle, such as the frame or up-
or front fork area, they must be motorcycle were designed to match the per front fork triple clamp (and not,
as lightweight as possible and performance capabilities and to provide for example, to rubber-mounted
should be kept to a minimum. the best combination of handling, brak- handlebars or turn signals, or parts
ing, and comfort. Other tires, rims, siz- that could break). Choose the lo-
es, and combinations may not be
2-4
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SAFETY INFORMATION
cation for the straps carefully so
the straps will not rub against
painted surfaces during transport.
The suspension should be com-
pressed somewhat by the tie-
2 downs, if possible, so that the mo-
torcycle will not bounce excessive-
ly during transport.

2-5
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10410

Left view
1 2 3 4

6 5
1. Spark plug (page 7-6)
2. Fuel cock (page 4-6)
3. Throttle stop screw (page 7-11)
4. Air filter element (page 7-9)
5. Kickstarter (page 4-7)
6. Centerstand (page 7-17)

3-1
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10420

Right view

1 2 3 4

5
1. Spark arrester (page 7-10)
2. Seat (page 4-7)
3. Transmission oil filler cap (page 7-8)
4. 2-stroke engine oil tank (page 4-6)
5. Transmission oil drain bolt (page 7-8)

3-2
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10430

Controls and instruments

1 2 3 4 5

7 6
1. Rear brake lever (page 4-3)
2. Starter (choke) lever (page 4-7)
3. 2-stroke engine oil tank cap (page 4-6)
4. Engine stop switch (page 4-1)
5. Front brake lever (page 4-2)
6. Throttle grip (page 7-12)
7. Fuel tank cap (page 4-3)

3-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU40660
The engine speed is limited while EAU41044

Handlebar switch this switch is set to the START Speed limiter and power re-
position, therefore the motorcycle duction plate
1 cannot be ridden in that switch po- Your motorcycle is equipped with an
sition. adjustable speed limiter and a power
reduction plate. The speed limiter
keeps the throttle from fully opening,
even when the throttle grip is turned to
the maximum. The power reduction
plate is installed in the exhaust mani-
4 fold to limit the amount of power avail-
1. Engine stop switch OFF/RUN/START able while learning.

EAU40674 Speed limiter


Engine stop switch 1. Loosen the locknut.
OFF/RUN/START 2. To increase the maximum engine
Set this switch to START before start- power available and the maximum
ing the engine. Set this switch to RUN speed of the motorcycle, turn the
after warming up the engine or before adjusting screw in direction (a). To
starting off. Set this switch to OFF to decrease the maximum engine
stop the engine. power available and the maximum
TIP speed of the motorcycle, turn the
The engine cannot be started with adjusting screw in direction (b).
this switch set to the RUN posi-
tion.

4-1
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


the throttle grip can only be opened ap- EAU12901

1 proximately halfway. If more power is Front brake lever


2
required, please consult a Yamaha
dealer. 1
EWA14631

(b) WARNING
Improper adjustment of the speed
limiter could cause improper throttle
(a)
operation. You could lose control,
1. Locknut have an accident or be injured. Do
2. Adjusting screw 4
not turn the adjusting screw out
1. Front brake lever
3. Tighten the locknut. more than 7 mm (0.28 in) before con-
sulting a Yamaha dealer. Always The front brake lever is located on the
make sure the throttle grip free play right side of the handlebar. To apply the
is adjusted to 1.53.5 mm (0.060.14 front brake, pull this lever toward the
in). (See page 7-12.) throttle grip.

Power reduction plate


Once the rider can operate with skill at
1 the top speed permitted by adjusting
the speed limiter alone, the power re-
duction plate can be removed. (See
1. No more than 7 mm (0.28 in)
page 7-7.)
TIP
The adjusting range of the speed limiter
screw is from the fully turned-in position
to 7 mm (0.28 in) turned out. When the
screw is turned out to 7 mm (0.28 in),
4-2
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU12951 EAU13182 EAU13212

Rear brake lever Fuel tank cap Fuel


Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in
1 the tank.
1 EWA10881

WARNING
Gasoline and gasoline vapors are
extremely flammable. To avoid fires
and explosions and to reduce the
risk of injury when refueling, follow
4 these instructions.
1. Rear brake lever 1. Fuel tank cap 1. Before refueling, turn off the en-
The rear brake lever is located on the To remove the fuel tank cap, turn it gine and be sure that no one is sit-
left side of the handlebar. To apply the counterclockwise, and then pull it off. ting on the vehicle. Never refuel
rear brake, pull this lever toward the To install the fuel tank cap, insert it into while smoking, or while in the vi-
handlebar grip. the tank opening, and then turn it clock- cinity of sparks, open flames, or
wise. other sources of ignition such as
EWA11091 the pilot lights of water heaters and
WARNING clothes dryers.
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is 2. Do not overfill the fuel tank. Stop
properly closed after filling fuel. filling when the fuel reaches the
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard. bottom of the filler tube. Because
fuel expands when it heats up,
heat from the engine or the sun
can cause fuel to spill out of the
fuel tank.

4-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


ately. If gasoline spills on your skin, um unleaded fuel. Use of unleaded fuel
wash with soap and water. If gaso- will extend spark plug life and reduce
1
line spills on your clothing, change maintenance cost.
2
your clothes. Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gaso-
EAU41983 hol containing ethanol and that contain-
ing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if ethanol content
For Canada does not exceed 10% (E10). Gasohol
1. Fuel tank filler tube containing methanol is not recom-
Recommended fuel:
2. Maximum fuel level REGULAR UNLEADED GASO- mended by Yamaha because it can 4
LINE ONLY cause damage to the fuel system or ve-
3. Wipe up any spilled fuel immedi- Fuel tank capacity: hicle performance problems.
ately. NOTICE: Immediately wipe 2.0 L (0.53 US gal, 0.44 Imp.gal)
off spilled fuel with a clean, dry, For Europe
ECA15590
soft cloth, since fuel may deteri-
orate painted surfaces or plastic NOTICE
Recommended fuel:
parts. [ECA10071] Use only unleaded gasoline. The use REGULAR UNLEADED GASO-
4. Be sure to securely close the fuel of leaded gasoline will cause severe LINE ONLY
damage to internal engine parts, Fuel tank capacity:
tank cap.
2.0 L (0.53 US gal, 0.44 Imp.gal)
EWA15151 such as the piston rings as well as to
WARNING the exhaust system. ECA15590

Gasoline is poisonous and can Your Yamaha engine has been de- NOTICE
cause injury or death. Handle gaso- signed to use regular unleaded gaso- Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
line with care. Never siphon gaso- line with a pump octane number of leaded gasoline will cause severe
line by mouth. If you should swallow [(R+M)/2] of 86 or higher, or a research damage to internal engine parts,
some gasoline or inhale a lot of gas- octane number of 91 or higher. If such as the piston rings as well as to
oline vapor, or get some gasoline in knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a the exhaust system.
your eyes, see your doctor immedi- gasoline of a different brand or premi-
4-4
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


Your Yamaha engine has been de- or premium unleaded fuel. Use of un- EAU13412

signed to use regular unleaded gaso- leaded fuel will extend spark plug life Fuel tank breather hose
line with a research octane number of and reduce maintenance costs.
95 or higher. If knocking (or pinging) oc-
curs, use a gasoline of a different brand For Oceania 1
or premium unleaded fuel. Use of un-
leaded fuel will extend spark plug life Recommended fuel:
and reduce maintenance costs. UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
2.0 L (0.53 US gal, 0.44 Imp.gal)
For South Africa
4 ECA15590

Recommended fuel: NOTICE 1. Fuel tank breather hose


REGULAR UNLEADED GASO-
LINE ONLY Use only unleaded gasoline. The use Before operating the motorcycle:
Fuel tank capacity: of leaded gasoline will cause severe Check the fuel tank breather hose
2.0 L (0.53 US gal, 0.44 Imp.gal) damage to internal engine parts, connection.
such as the piston rings as well as to Check the fuel tank breather hose
ECA15590
the exhaust system. for cracks or damage, and replace
NOTICE
Your Yamaha engine has been de- it if damaged.
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
signed to use unleaded gasoline with a Make sure that the fuel tank
of leaded gasoline will cause severe
research octane number of 91 or high- breather hose is not blocked, and
damage to internal engine parts,
er. If knocking (or pinging) occurs, use clean it if necessary.
such as the piston rings as well as to
the exhaust system. a gasoline of a different brand or premi-
um unleaded fuel. Use of unleaded fuel
Your Yamaha engine has been de- will extend spark plug life and reduce
signed to use regular unleaded gaso- maintenance costs.
line with a research octane number of
91 or higher. If knocking (or pinging) oc-
curs, use a gasoline of a different brand

4-5
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU13453 EAU40701
O (on)
2-stroke engine oil Fuel cock
Make sure that there is sufficient 2- The fuel cock supplies fuel from the
stroke engine oil in the oil tank. Add the tank to the carburetor while filtering it al- 1
recommended 2-stroke engine oil as so.
necessary. The fuel cock has two positions:

1 S (stop)

1 4
1. Arrow mark pointing to O (on)

With the lever in this position, fuel flows


to the carburetor. Normal riding is done
2 with the lever in this position.
1. 2-stroke engine oil tank cap
2. Minimum level mark
1. Arrow mark pointing to S (stop)
Recommended oil:
See page 9-1. With the lever in this position, fuel will
Oil quantity: not flow. Always return the lever to this
0.30 L (0.32 US qt, 0.26 Imp.qt) position when the engine is not running.
ECA16670

NOTICE
Make sure that the 2-stroke engine
oil tank cap is properly installed.

4-6
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU13590 EAU13680 EAU40920

Starter (choke) lever Kickstarter Seat

To remove the seat


(a) 1. Remove the mudguard by remov-
ing the bolts and washers.
(b)

1 1
4 1
2
1. Starter (choke) lever 1. Kickstarter

Starting a cold engine requires a richer To start the engine, fold out the kick-
air-fuel mixture, which is supplied by starter lever, move it down lightly with
the starter (choke). your foot until the gears engage, and
1. Bolt and washer
Move the lever in direction (a) to turn on then push it down smoothly but force- 2. Mudguard
the starter (choke). fully.
Move the lever in direction (b) to turn off 2. Pull the seat off.
the starter (choke).
To install the seat
1. Insert the projection on the front of
the seat into the seat holder as
shown.

4-7
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS


EAU53760
4. Route one end of the cable
Cable lock (for Europe) through the rear wheel, and then
1 Your motorcycle came with an external
2 insert both ends of the cable into
anti-theft device to help prevent unau- the lock assembly and lock it.
thorized use. Please locate the cable
and lock assembly that came with your
motorcycle.
EWA16300

WARNING
Properly stow the cable and lock as-
1. Seat holder
sembly inside a bag or other secure 4
2. Projection
location before operating your mo-
2. Place the seat in the original posi- torcycle. Do not hang your cable 1
tion. lock from anywhere on the motorcy-
1. Correct cable and lock assembly use
3. Install the mudguard by installing cle or your person! It may become
the washers and bolts. entangled with the wheels, handle- 5. Perform the above steps in re-
bars, or other parts of the motorcy- verse order before riding your mo-
TIP
cle, causing loss of control and torcycle.
Make sure that the seat is properly se-
possibly an accident.
cured before riding.
To lock your motorcycle
1. Park your motorcycle in the de-
sired location.
2. Make sure that the motorcycle is
securely parked. Use the side-
stand or other support.
3. Disconnect the cable from the lock
assembly.

4-8
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FOR YOUR SAFETY PRE-OPERATION CHECKS


EAU15596

Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection
and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owners Manual.
EWA11151

WARNING
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage.
Do not operate the vehicle if you find any problem. If a problem cannot be corrected by the procedures provided in
this manual, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha dealer.
Before using this vehicle, check the following points:
ITEM CHECKS PAGE

Check fuel level in fuel tank.


5 Refuel if necessary.
Fuel Check fuel line for leakage. 4-3, 4-5
Check fuel tank breather hose for obstructions, cracks or damage, and check
hose connection.
Check oil level in oil tank.
2-stroke engine oil If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level. 4-6
Check vehicle for oil leakage.
Check oil level in transmission case.
Transmission oil 7-8
If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
Middle and final gear cases Check vehicle for grease leakage. 7-9
Check operation.
Lubricate cable if necessary.
Front brake 7-14, 7-15
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
Check operation.
Lubricate cable if necessary.
Rear brake 7-14, 7-15
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.

5-1
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FOR YOUR SAFETY PRE-OPERATION CHECKS


ITEM CHECKS PAGE

Make sure that operation is smooth.


Check throttle grip free play.
Throttle grip 7-12, 7-16
If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust throttle grip free play and lubricate cable
and grip housing.
Make sure that operation is smooth.
Control cables 7-16
Lubricate if necessary.
Check for damage.
Check tire condition and tread depth.
Wheels and tires 7-12, 7-14
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
Make sure that operation is smooth.
Brake levers 7-17
Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
Make sure that operation is smooth. 5
Centerstand 7-17
Lubricate pivot if necessary.
Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
Chassis fasteners
Tighten if necessary.
Engine stop switch Check operation. 4-1

5-2
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OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS


EAU15951 EAU40889 EAU16660

Starting and warming up a Starting a warm engine


Read the Owners Manual carefully to cold engine Follow the same procedure as for start-
become familiar with all controls. If 1. Turn the fuel cock lever to O (on). ing a cold engine with the exception
there is a control or function you do not 2. Set the engine stop switch to that the starter (choke) is not required
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer. START. when the engine is warm. Instead, start
EWA10271
3. Turn the starter (choke) on and the engine with the throttle slightly
WARNING completely close the throttle. (See open.
Failure to familiarize yourself with page 4-7.) TIP
the controls can lead to loss of con- 4. While applying the front or rear If the engine does not start after several
trol, which could cause an accident brake, start the engine by pushing kicks, try again with the throttle 1/4 to
or injury. the kickstarter lever down. 1/2 open.
5. After starting the engine, move the
starter (choke) back halfway.
6. When the engine is warm, turn the
6 starter (choke) off and set the en-
gine stop switch to RUN.
TIP
The engine is warm when it responds
quickly to the throttle with the starter
(choke) turned off.
ECA11042

NOTICE
For maximum engine life, never ac-
celerate hard when the engine is
cold!

6-1
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OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS


EAU41002 EAU16780 EAU41012

Starting off Acceleration and deceleration Braking


1. While applying the rear brake le- EWA14571

ver, push the motorcycle off the WARNING


(b)
centerstand. Avoid braking hard or suddenly
2. Completely close the throttle. (especially when leaning over to
3. Set the engine stop switch to one side), otherwise the motor-
RUN. cycle may skid or overturn.
4. Check for oncoming off-road vehi- Keep in mind that braking on
cles, and then slowly turn the throt- wet surfaces is much more diffi-
tle grip in order to take off. (a) cult.
Ride slowly down a hill, as brak-
The speed can be adjusted by opening ing downhill can be very diffi-
and closing the throttle. To increase the cult.
speed, turn the throttle grip in direction
(a). To reduce the speed, turn the throt- 1. Close the throttle completely.
6
tle grip in direction (b). 2. Apply both front and rear brakes
simultaneously while gradually in-
creasing the pressure.
Front

6-2
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OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS


Rear EAU42030
justments thoroughly, especially
Engine break-in cables. In addition, check all fittings and
There is never a more important period fasteners for looseness, and tighten if
in the life of your engine than the first 5 necessary.
hours of riding. It is also important to ac- ECA10270

custom the rider to the motorcycle dur- NOTICE


ing this time. Please read the following If any engine trouble should occur
information carefully. during the engine break-in period,
Since the engine is brand new, do not immediately have a Yamaha dealer
put an excessive load on it for the first 5 check the vehicle.
hours of operation. The various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves
to the correct operating clearances.
During this period, prolonged full-throt-
tle operation or any condition that might
6 result in engine overheating must be
avoided. However, momentary full-
throttle operation under load (i.e., two
to three seconds maximum) does not
harm the engine. Each full-throttle ac-
celeration should be followed with a
substantial rest period for the engine.
To allow the engine to cool down from
the temporary buildup of heat, cruise at
a lower engine speed.
After the first 5 hours of operation, thor-
oughly check the motorcycle for loose
parts, oil leakage and any other prob-
lems. Be sure to inspect and make ad-
6-3
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OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS


EAU40722

Parking
When parking, stop the engine, and
then turn the fuel cock lever to S
(stop).
EWA10311

WARNING
Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestri-
ans or children are not likely to
touch them and be burned.
Do not park on a slope or on soft
ground, otherwise the vehicle
may overturn, increasing the
risk of a fuel leak and fire. 6
Do not park near grass or other
flammable materials which
might catch fire.

6-4
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU17244 EWA15122 EAU17302

WARNING
Periodic inspection, adjustment, and lu- Turn off the engine when performing Emission controls not only function to
brication will keep your vehicle in the maintenance unless otherwise ensure cleaner air, but are also vital to
safest and most efficient condition pos- specified. proper engine operation and maximum
sible. Safety is an obligation of the vehi- A running engine has moving
performance. In the following periodic
cle owner/operator. The most important parts that can catch on body maintenance charts, the services relat-
points of vehicle inspection, adjust- parts or clothing and electrical ed to emissions control are grouped
ment, and lubrication are explained on parts that can cause shocks or separately. These services require
the following pages. fires. specialized data, knowledge, and
The intervals given in the periodic Running the engine while ser-
equipment. Maintenance, replacement,
maintenance charts should be simply vicing can lead to eye injury, or repair of the emission control devic-
considered as a general guide under burns, fire, or carbon monoxide es and systems may be performed by
normal riding conditions. However, de- poisoning possibly leading to any repair establishment or individual
pending on the weather, terrain, geo- death. See page 2-2 for more in- that is certified (if applicable). Yamaha
graphical location, and individual use, formation about carbon monox- dealers are trained and equipped to
the maintenance intervals may need to ide. perform these particular services.
be shortened.
7 EWA10321 EWA15460

WARNING WARNING
Failure to properly maintain the ve- Brake discs, calipers, drums, and
hicle or performing maintenance ac- linings can become very hot during
tivities incorrectly may increase use. To avoid possible burns, let
your risk of injury or death during brake components cool before
service or while using the vehicle. If touching them.
you are not familiar with vehicle ser-
vice, have a Yamaha dealer perform
service.

7-1
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU17311

Owners tool kit


The service information included in this
manual and the tools provided in the
owners tool kit are intended to assist
you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. How-
ever, additional tools such as a torque
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
TIP
If you do not have the tools or experi-
ence required for a particular job, have
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.

7-2
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU41742

Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system


TIP
Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools, data and technical
skills.

THEREAFTER
INITIAL
EVERY
NO. ITEM CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1 3 6 6 12
month months months months months
Check fuel hoses for cracks or damage.
1 * Fuel line
Replace if necessary.
Check condition.
2 Spark plug Adjust gap and clean.
Replace if necessary.
Clean with solvent.
3 Air filter element
Replace if necessary.
Check engine idling speed and starter operation.
7 4 * Carburetor Adjust if necessary.
Clean.
Check for leakage.
Cylinder head and
5 * Tighten if necessary.
exhaust system
Decarbonize if necessary.
6 * Spark arrester Clean.

7-3
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU41757

General maintenance and lubrication chart


TIP
Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools, data and technical
skills.

THEREAFTER
INITIAL
EVERY
NO. ITEM CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1 3 6 6 12
month months months months months
Check operation.
1 * Front brake Adjust brake lever free play.
Replace brake shoes. Whenever worn to the limit
Check operation.
2 * Rear brake Adjust brake lever free play.
Replace brake shoes. Whenever worn to the limit
Check runout and for damage.
3 * Wheels
Replace if necessary.
Check tread depth and for damage. 7
Replace if necessary.
4 * Tires
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
Check bearings for smooth operation.
5 * Wheel bearings
Replace if necessary.
Check bearing assemblies for looseness.
6 * Steering bearings Moderately repack with lithium-soap-based
grease every 2 years.
Check for grease leakage.
Middle and final gear
7 * Check gears for damage and wear.
cases Every 2 years
Lubricate gears with lithium-soap-based grease.

7-4
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


THEREAFTER
INITIAL
EVERY
NO. ITEM CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1 3 6 6 12
month months months months months
Check all chassis fitting and fasteners.
8 * Chassis fasteners
Correct if necessary.
Check operation.
9 * Autolube pump Correct if necessary.
Check for oil leakage.
10 * Transmission oil Correct if necessary.
Change.
Front and rear brake
11 * Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.
lever pivot
Check operation.
12 * Centerstand pivot
Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.
Shock absorber Check operation and for oil leakage.
13 *
assemblies Replace if necessary.
Apply Yamaha chain and cable lube or engine oil
14 * Control cables
10W-30 lightly.
7
Check operation.
Check throttle grip free play, and adjust if
15 * Throttle grip necessary.
Apply Yamaha chain and cable lube or engine oil
10W-30 lightly.

TIP
The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.

7-5
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU19604
2. Check the spark plug for electrode
Checking the spark plug erosion and excessive carbon or
The spark plug is an important engine other deposits, and replace it if
component, which is easy to check. necessary.
Since heat and deposits will cause any
1
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark Specified spark plug:
plug should be removed and checked PW50 NGK/BP4HS (ZAF)
in accordance with the periodic mainte- PW50 NGK/BPR4HS
nance and lubrication chart. In addition, (AUT)(BEL)(CHE)(DEU)(DNK)
(ESP)(FIN)(FRA)(GBR)(GRC)
the condition of the spark plug can re- (IRL)(ITA)(NLD)(NOR)(POL)
1. Spark plug wrench
veal the condition of the engine. (PRT)(SVN)(SWE)
PW50D NGK/BPR4HS
To remove the spark plug To check the spark plug PW50D1 NGK/BPR4HS
1. Remove the spark plug cap. 1. Check that the porcelain insulator PW50 DENSO/W14FP-L (ZAF)
around the center electrode of the
spark plug is a medium-to-light tan 3. Measure the spark plug gap with a
(the ideal color when the vehicle is wire thickness gauge and, if nec-
ridden normally). essary, adjust the gap to specifica-
tion. 7
TIP
If the spark plug shows a distinctly dif-
ferent color, the engine could be oper-
ating improperly. Do not attempt to
1
diagnose such problems yourself. In-
1. Spark plug cap stead, have a Yamaha dealer check
the vehicle. 1
2. Remove the spark plug as shown,
with the spark plug wrench includ-
ed in the owners tool kit.
1. Spark plug gap

7-6
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU41103
Spark plug gap: Removing the power reduc-
0.60.7 mm (0.0240.028 in)
tion plate
To obtain full engine performance ca- 1
To install the spark plug pability, removing the power reduction
1. Clean the surface of the spark plug plate is required.
gasket and its mating surface, and 1. Remove the exhaust manifold by 2
then wipe off any grime from the removing the bolts. WARNING!
spark plug threads. Always let the exhaust system 3
2. Install the spark plug with the cool prior to touching exhaust 1. Exhaust manifold
spark plug wrench, and then tight- components. [EWA14581] 2. Gasket
en it to the specified torque. 3. Power reduction plate

Tightening torque:
Spark plug: TIP
20 Nm (2.0 mkgf, 14 ftlbf) Store the power reduction plate with the
Owners Manual so that it is readily
TIP available whenever you want to reduce
7 the engine power.
If a torque wrench is not available when
installing a spark plug, a good estimate 1 4. Install the exhaust manifold and its
of the correct torque is 1/41/2 turn new gasket by installing the bolts,
1. Exhaust manifold bolt
past finger tight. However, the spark and then tighten the bolts to the
plug should be tightened to the speci- 2. Remove the gasket. specified torque.
fied torque as soon as possible. 3. Remove the power reduction
plate. Tightening torque:
3. Install the spark plug cap. Exhaust manifold bolt:
9 Nm (0.9 mkgf, 6.5 ftlbf)

7-7
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU40893 ECA10452

Transmission oil NOTICE


The transmission oil must be checked In order to prevent clutch slip-
for oil leakage before each ride. If any page (since the transmission oil
leakage is found, have a Yamaha deal- also lubricates the clutch), do
er check and repair the motorcycle. In 2 1
not mix any chemical additives.
addition, the transmission oil must be Do not use oils with a diesel
changed at the intervals specified in the specification of CD or oils of a
periodic maintenance and lubrication higher quality than specified. In
chart. addition, do not use oils labeled
1. Transmission oil drain bolt
1. Place the motorcycle on the cen- ENERGY CONSERVING II or
2. Gasket
terstand. higher.
2. Place an oil pan under the trans- 4. Install the transmission oil drain Make sure that no foreign mate-
mission to collect the used oil. bolt and its new gasket, and then rial enters the transmission.
3. Remove the transmission oil filler tighten the bolt to the specified
cap, the transmission oil drain bolt torque. 6. Start the engine, and then let it idle
and its gasket to drain the oil from for several minutes while checking
the transmission. Tightening torque: the transmission for oil leakage. If
Transmission oil drain bolt: oil is leaking, immediately turn the 7
14 Nm (1.4 mkgf, 10 ftlbf) engine off and check for the cause.
1
5. Refill with the specified amount of
the recommended transmission
oil, and then install and tighten the
oil filler cap.

Recommended transmission oil:


See page 9-1.
1. Transmission oil filler cap
Oil change quantity:
0.30 L (0.32 US qt, 0.26 Imp.qt)

7-8
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU41711 EAU40903

Middle and final gear cases Cleaning the air filter element
The middle and final gear cases must The air filter element should be cleaned
be checked for grease leakage before at the intervals specified in the periodic
each ride. If any leakage is found, have maintenance and lubrication chart. 1
a Yamaha dealer check and repair the Clean or, if necessary, replace the air
motorcycle. In addition, have a filter element more frequently if you are
Yamaha dealer check and lubricate the riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
middle and final gears at the intervals 1. Remove the seat. (See page 4-7.)
specified in the periodic maintenance 2. Remove the air filter case cover by
1. Sponge material
and lubrication chart. removing the screw.

1
2

1. Air filter case cover


2. Screw 4. Apply oil of the recommended type
to the entire surface of the sponge
3. Pull the sponge material out, clean material, and then squeeze the ex-
it with solvent, and then squeeze cess oil out.
the remaining solvent out.
TIP
The sponge material should be wet but
not dripping.

7-9
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


Recommended oil:
EAU41221
2. Tap the tailpipe lightly, and then
Cleaning the spark arrester use a wire brush to remove any
Yamaha foam air filter oil or other
quality foam air filter oil The spark arrester should be cleaned carbon deposits from the spark ar-
at the intervals specified in the periodic rester portion of the tailpipe and in-
5. Insert the sponge material into the maintenance and lubrication chart. side of the tailpipe housing.
EWA10980
air filter case. NOTICE: Make sure
that the sponge material is prop- WARNING
erly seated in the air filter case. Always let the exhaust system
The engine should never be op- cool prior to touching exhaust
erated without the sponge mate- components.
rial installed, otherwise the Do not start the engine when
piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may cleaning the exhaust system.
become excessively worn. 1. Remove the tailpipe by removing
[ECA15621]
the screw, and then pulling it out of 1
6. Install the air filter case cover by in- the muffler. 1. Spark arrester
stalling the screw.
7. Install the seat. 3. Insert the tailpipe into the muffler,
and then install and tighten the 7
screw.
TIP
1 Make sure to align the screw hole when
2 inserting the tailpipe.
3
1. Tailpipe
2. Screw
3. Muffler

7-10
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU39930 EAU21362
rection (a). To decrease the en-
Adjusting the carburetor Adjusting the engine idling gine idling speed, turn the screw in
The carburetor is an important part of speed direction (b).
the engine and requires very sophisti- The engine idling speed must be
cated adjustment. Therefore, most car- checked and, if necessary, adjusted as
buretor adjustments should be left to a follows at the intervals specified in the
Yamaha dealer, who has the neces- periodic maintenance and lubrication
sary professional knowledge and expe- chart.
rience. The adjustment described in the
TIP (b) (a)
following section, however, may be ser-
viced by the owner as part of routine A diagnostic tachometer is needed to
maintenance. make this adjustment.
1
ECA10550
1. Attach the tachometer to the spark
NOTICE plug lead.
1. Throttle stop screw

The carburetor has been set and ex- 2. Start the engine and warm it up for Engine idling speed:
tensively tested at the Yamaha fac- several minutes at 10002000 16501750 r/min
tory. Changing these settings r/min while occasionally revving it
7 without sufficient technical knowl- to 40005000 r/min.
edge may result in poor perfor- TIP
mance of or damage to the engine. TIP If the specified idling speed cannot be
The engine is warm when it quickly re- obtained as described above, have a
sponds to the throttle. Yamaha dealer make the adjustment.
3. Check the engine idling speed
and, if necessary, adjust it to spec-
ification by turning the throttle stop
screw. To increase the engine
idling speed, turn the screw in di-

7-11
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU21384 EAU40914

Checking the throttle grip free Tires Standard tire air pressure:
Front:
play Tires are the only contact between the 100 kPa (1.00 kgf/cm, 15 psi)
vehicle and the road. Safety in all con- Rear:
ditions of riding depends on a relatively 100 kPa (1.00 kgf/cm, 15 psi)
small area of road contact. Therefore, it
is essential to maintain the tires in good Tire inspection
condition at all times and replace them
at the appropriate time with the speci-
fied tires. 2
1
Tire air pressure
The tire air pressure should be checked
1. Throttle grip free play 1
and, if necessary, adjusted before each
The throttle grip free play should mea- ride.
sure 1.53.5 mm (0.060.14 in) at the EWA15370

inner edge of the throttle grip. Periodi- WARNING


1. Tire sidewall
cally check the throttle grip free play Operation of this vehicle with im-
2. Tire tread depth 7
and, if necessary, have a Yamaha deal- proper tire pressure may cause se-
er adjust it. vere injury or death from loss of The tires must be checked before each
control. ride. If the center tread depth reaches
The tire air pressure must be the specified limit, if the tire has a nail or
checked and adjusted on cold tires glass fragments in it, or if the sidewall is
(i.e., when the temperature of the cracked, have a Yamaha dealer re-
tires equals the ambient tempera- place the tire immediately.
ture).
Minimum tire tread depth (front and
rear):
4.0 mm (0.16 in)

7-12
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


Tire information Front tire: Yamaha dealer, who has the
This motorcycle is equipped with panel Size: necessary professional knowl-
wheels and tube tires. 2.50-10 4PR edge and experience.
Tires age, even if they have not been Manufacturer/model: It is not recommended to patch
used or have only been used occasion- PW50 (EUR) a punctured tube. If unavoid-
BRIDGESTONE/KNOBBY
ally. Cracking of the tread and sidewall PW50 (ZAF), PW50D, PW50D1 able, however, patch the tube
rubber, sometimes accompanied by BRIDGESTONE/KNOBBY very carefully and replace it as
carcass deformation, is an evidence of IRC/KNOBBY soon as possible with a high-
ageing. Old and aged tires shall be Rear tire: quality product.
checked by tire specialists to ascertain Size: Ride conservatively after
2.50-10 4PR
their suitability for further use. Manufacturer/model: changing a tire since the tire
EWA10461
PW50 (EUR) must seat itself on the rim prop-
WARNING BRIDGESTONE/KNOBBY erly. Failure to allow proper
The front and rear tires should be of PW50 (ZAF), PW50D, PW50D1 seating may cause tire failure,
the same make and design, other- BRIDGESTONE/KNOBBY which may result in damage to
IRC/KNOBBY
wise the handling characteristics of the motorcycle and injury to the
the vehicle may be different, which EWA15541 rider.
7 could lead to an accident. WARNING
After extensive tests, only the tires list- Have a Yamaha dealer replace
ed below have been approved for this excessively worn tires. Operat-
model by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. ing the motorcycle with exces-
sively worn tires decreases
riding stability and can lead to
loss of control.
The replacement of all wheel-
and brake-related parts, includ-
ing the tires, should be left to a

7-13
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU40781 EAU22152

Panel wheels Adjusting the front and rear Front brake lever free play:
10.020.0 mm (0.390.79 in)
EWA10610
brake lever free play Rear brake lever free play:
WARNING The front and rear brake lever free play 10.020.0 mm (0.390.79 in)
The wheels on this model are not de- should be measured at the positions as
signed for use with tubeless tires. shown. Periodically check the front and rear
Do not attempt to use tubeless tires brake lever free play and, if necessary,
on this model. Front adjust them as follows.
To increase the brake lever free play,
To maximize the performance, durabil-
turn the adjusting nut at the brake shoe
ity, and safe operation of your motorcy-
1 plate in direction (a). To decrease the
cle, note the following points regarding
brake lever free play, turn the adjusting
the specified wheels.
nut in direction (b).
The wheel rims should be checked
for cracks, bends, warpage or Front
damage before each ride. If any
damage is found, have a Yamaha
dealer replace the wheel. Do not 1. Front brake lever free play
attempt even the smallest repair to 7
the wheel. A deformed or cracked Rear
wheel must be replaced.
The wheel should be balanced (a)
whenever either the tire or wheel 1 (b) 1
has been changed or replaced. An
unbalanced wheel can result in 1. Brake lever free play adjusting nut
poor performance, adverse han-
dling characteristics, and a short-
ened tire life.
1. Rear brake lever free play

7-14
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


Rear EAU41052
Rear
Checking the front and rear
1 brake shoes
The front and rear brake shoes must be
checked for wear at the intervals spec-
ified in the periodic maintenance and
(b)
lubrication chart.
(a) TIP
The wheels must be removed to check
brake shoe lining thickness.
1. Brake lever free play adjusting nut
To remove the front wheel: See If the lining thickness of a brake shoe is
EWA10650 page 7-19. less than 1.5 mm (0.06 in), have a
WARNING To remove the rear wheel: See Yamaha dealer replace the brake
If proper adjustment cannot be ob- page 7-20. shoes as a set.
tained as described, have a Yamaha TIP
Front
dealer make this adjustment.
Be sure to measure the brake lining at
7 the thinnest portion.

7-15
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU50800 EAU23114 EAU23120

Checking and lubricating the Checking and lubricating the Adjusting the Autolube pump
cables throttle grip and cable The Autolube pump is a vital and so-
The operation of all control cables and The operation of the throttle grip should phisticated component of the engine,
the condition of the cables should be be checked before each ride. In addi- which must be adjusted by a Yamaha
checked before each ride, and the ca- tion, the cable should be lubricated by a dealer at the intervals specified in the
bles and cable ends should be lubricat- Yamaha dealer at the intervals speci- periodic maintenance and lubrication
ed if necessary. If a cable is damaged fied in the periodic maintenance chart. chart.
or does not move smoothly, have a The throttle cable is equipped with a
Yamaha dealer check or replace it. rubber cover. Make sure that the cover
WARNING! Damage to the outer is securely installed. Even though the
housing of cables may result in in- cover is installed correctly, it does not
ternal rusting and cause interfer- completely protect the cable from water
ence with cable movement. Replace entry. Therefore, use care not to pour
damaged cables as soon as possi- water directly onto the cover or cable
ble to prevent unsafe conditions. when washing the vehicle. If the cable
[EWA10711] or cover becomes dirty, wipe clean with
a moist cloth. 7
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube or 4-
stroke engine oil

7-16
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU43631 EAU23192 EAU42081

Lubricating the front and rear Checking and lubricating the Checking the front fork
brake levers centerstand The condition and operation of the front
fork must be checked as follows at the
intervals specified in the periodic main-
tenance and lubrication chart.

To check the condition


Check the inner tubes for scratches
and damage.

To check the operation


1. Place the vehicle on a level sur-
The pivoting points of the front and rear The operation of the centerstand face and hold it in an upright posi-
brake levers must be lubricated at the should be checked before each ride, tion. WARNING! To avoid injury,
intervals specified in the periodic main- and the pivots and metal-to-metal con- securely support the vehicle so
tenance and lubrication chart. tact surfaces should be lubricated if there is no danger of it falling
necessary. over. [EWA10751]
7 Recommended lubricant: EWA11301
2. While applying the front brake,
Lithium-soap-based grease WARNING push down hard on the handlebars
If the centerstand does not move up several times to check if the front
and down smoothly, have a Yamaha fork compresses and rebounds
dealer check or repair it. Otherwise, smoothly.
the centerstand could contact the
ground and distract the operator, re-
sulting in a possible loss of control.

Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease

7-17
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU45511 EAU23291

Checking the steering Checking the wheel bearings


Worn or loose steering bearings may
cause danger. Therefore, the operation
of the steering must be checked as fol-
lows at the intervals specified in the pe-
riodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1. Place the vehicle on the center-
stand. WARNING! To avoid inju-
ECA10590 ry, securely support the vehicle
NOTICE so there is no danger of it falling
If any damage is found or the front over. [EWA10751] The front and rear wheel bearings must
fork does not operate smoothly, 2. Hold the lower ends of the front be checked at the intervals specified in
have a Yamaha dealer check or re- fork legs and try to move them for- the periodic maintenance and lubrica-
pair it. ward and backward. If any free tion chart. If there is play in the wheel
play can be felt, have a Yamaha hub or if the wheel does not turn
dealer check or repair the steering. smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check
the wheel bearings. 7

7-18
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU24360 EAU41032

Front wheel 3 To install the front wheel


2 4
1. Install the brake shoe plate into the
EAU41024 wheel hub as shown.
To remove the front wheel
EWA10821
5
WARNING 1
To avoid injury, securely support the
vehicle so there is no danger of it
falling over. 6
1. Brake camshaft lever
1. Place the motorcycle on the cen-
2. Brake shoe plate
terstand.
3. Washer
2. Disconnect the brake cable at the 4. Axle nut
wheel hub by removing the front 5. Brake cable
brake lever free play adjusting nut, 2. Lift the wheel up between the fork
6. Brake lever free play adjusting nut
then removing the cable from the legs.
brake camshaft lever and brake 3. Remove the axle nut and washer. TIP
shoe plate. 4. Pull the wheel axle out, and then Make sure that the slot in the brake
7 remove the wheel. shoe plate fits over the retainer on the
fork leg.

1. Wheel axle

7-19
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


8. Push down hard on the handlebar EAU25080

1 several times to check for proper Rear wheel


fork operation. EAU41084
To remove the rear wheel
EWA10821

WARNING
To avoid injury, securely support the
vehicle so there is no danger of it
falling over.
1. Retainer
1. Place the motorcycle on the cen-
3. Insert the wheel axle from the right terstand.
side. 2. Remove the seat. (See page 4-7.)
4. Install the washer and axle nut, 3. Remove the muffler bolt and wash-
and then tighten the axle nut to the ers. WARNING! Always let the
specified torque. exhaust system cool prior to
touching exhaust components.
Tightening torque: [EWA14581]
7
Axle nut: 4. Slide the spring clamp down, and
40 Nm (4.0 mkgf, 29 ftlbf) then remove the muffler.
5. Connect the brake cable at the
wheel hub, and then install the
brake lever free play adjusting nut.
6. Adjust the brake lever free play.
(See page 7-14.)
7. Take the motorcycle off the center-
stand so that the front wheel is on
the ground.

7-20
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


6. Remove the exhaust manifold
bolts, and then remove the ex-
haust chamber, the power reduc-
4 tion plate and the gasket.

1 2 3 1
1. Muffler 1. Rear shock absorber mounting bolt
2. Washer
3. Muffler bolt 8. Remove the axle nut while apply-
1 ing the rear brake.
4. Spring clamp

5. Remove the exhaust chamber bolt 1. Exhaust manifold bolt


and washers. 7. Remove the right-side rear shock
absorber mounting bolt and then
7 tilt the rear shock absorber upward
as shown.
1
2 1
1. Axle nut

3 9. Remove the rear arm by removing


1. Exhaust chamber the nuts and washers.
2. Exhaust chamber bolt
3. Washer

7-21
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


5. Install the right-side rear shock ab- Tightening torques:
sorber by installing the mounting Exhaust manifold bolt:
bolt. 9 Nm (0.9 mkgf, 6.5 ftlbf)
6. While applying the rear brake, Exhaust chamber bolt:
tighten the axle nut to the specified 18 Nm (1.8 mkgf, 13 ftlbf)
torque.
11. Install the muffler by sliding the
7. Tighten the rear arm nuts and rear
spring clamp up to its original posi-
1 shock absorber mounting bolt to
2 tion, and then installing the wash-
3 the specified torques.
ers and muffler bolt.
1. Rear arm
2. Washer
Tightening torques: TIP
Axle nut: Make sure that the spring clamp is po-
3. Rear arm nut
60 Nm (6.0 mkgf, 43 ftlbf)
Rear arm nut: sitioned with the projection side facing
10. Pull the wheel to the right to sepa- inward.
29 Nm (2.9 mkgf, 21 ftlbf)
rate it from the final gear case, and Rear shock absorber mounting bolt:
then remove the wheel. 23 Nm (2.3 mkgf, 17 ftlbf)
1
EAU41523
8. Install the exhaust chamber by in-
To install the rear wheel 2 7
stalling the bolt and washers.
1. Apply a light coating of lithium-
9. Install the power reduction plate, a
soap-based grease to the splines
new gasket, and then install the
of the final gear case and wheel 3
exhaust manifold bolts.
hub.
10. Tighten the exhaust manifold bolts
2. Install the wheel by inserting it into
and exhaust chamber bolt to the
the wheel hub.
specified torques. 1. Exhaust chamber
3. Install the rear arm by installing the
2. Spring clamp
washers and nuts.
3. Muffler
4. Install the axle nut.
12. Tighten the muffler bolt to the
specified torque.
7-22
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


Tightening torque:
EAU25851
heaters or furnaces. Gasoline or
Troubleshooting gasoline vapors can ignite or ex-
Muffler bolt:
18 Nm (1.8 mkgf, 13 ftlbf) Although Yamaha motorcycles receive plode, causing severe injury or
a thorough inspection before shipment property damage.
13. Adjust the brake lever free play. from the factory, trouble may occur dur-
(See page 7-14.) ing operation. Any problem in the fuel,
14. Install the seat. compression, or ignition systems, for
example, can cause poor starting and
loss of power.
The following troubleshooting chart
represents a quick and easy procedure
for checking these vital systems your-
self. However, should your motorcycle
require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the motorcycle
properly.
7
Use only genuine Yamaha replace-
ment parts. Imitation parts may look like
Yamaha parts, but they are often inferi-
or, have a shorter service life and can
lead to expensive repair bills.
EWA15141

WARNING
When checking the fuel system, do
not smoke, and make sure there are
no open flames or sparks in the ar-
ea, including pilot lights from water
7-23
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT


EAU25972

Troubleshooting chart

1. Fuel
There is
Check the compression.
enough fuel.
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
There is The engine does not start.
Supply fuel.
no fuel. Check the compression.

2. Compression
There is compression. Check the ignition.

Operate the kickstarter.


There is Have a Yamaha dealer
no compression. check the vehicle.

7
3. Ignition Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the Open the throttle halfway and operate
Wet
spark plug gap, or replace the spark plug. the kickstarter.
Remove the spark plug
and check the electrodes.
The engine does not start.
Dry Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.

7-24
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MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE


EAU37833 EAU40635
ucts onto seals, gaskets and wheel
Matte color caution Care axles. Always rinse the dirt and de-
ECA15192
While the open design of a motorcycle greaser off with water.
NOTICE reveals the attractiveness of the tech-
Some models are equipped with nology, it also makes it more vulnera- Cleaning
matte colored finished parts. Be ble. Rust and corrosion can develop ECA17110

sure to consult a Yamaha dealer for even if high-quality components are NOTICE
advice on what products to use be- used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go un- Avoid using strong acidic wheel
fore cleaning the vehicle. Using a noticed on a car, however, it detracts cleaners, especially on spoked
brush, harsh chemical products or from the overall appearance of a motor- wheels. If such products are
cleaning compounds when cleaning cycle. Frequent and proper care does used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
these parts will scratch or damage not only comply with the terms of the not leave the cleaner on the af-
their surface. Wax also should not warranty, but it will also keep your mo- fected area any longer than in-
be applied to any matte colored fin- torcycle looking good, extend its life structed. Also, thoroughly rinse
ished parts. and optimize its performance. the area off with water, immedi-
ately dry it, and then apply a cor-
Before cleaning rosion protection spray.
1. Cover the muffler outlet with a Improper cleaning can damage
plastic bag after the engine has plastic parts (such as cowlings,
cooled down. panels, etc.) and the mufflers.
8 2. Make sure that all caps and covers Use only a soft, clean cloth or
as well as all electrical couplers sponge with water to clean plas-
and connectors, including the tic. However, if the plastic parts
spark plug cap, are tightly in- cannot be thoroughly cleaned
stalled. with water, diluted mild deter-
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt, gent with water may be used. Be
like oil burnt onto the crankcase, sure to rinse off any detergent
with a degreasing agent and a residue using plenty of water, as
brush, but never apply such prod- it is harmful to plastic parts.
8-1
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MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE


Do not use any harsh chemical After riding in the rain or near the sea 5. Touch up minor paint damage
products on plastic parts. Be Since sea salt is extremely corrosive, caused by stones, etc.
sure to avoid using cloths or carry out the following steps after each 6. Wax all painted surfaces.
sponges which have been in ride in the rain or near the sea. 7. Let the motorcycle dry completely
contact with strong or abrasive 1. Clean the motorcycle with cold wa- before storing or covering it.
cleaning products, solvent or ter and a mild detergent, after the EWA14501

thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust re- engine has cooled down. WARNING
movers or inhibitors, brake flu- NOTICE: Do not use warm water Contaminants on the brakes or tires
id, antifreeze or electrolyte. since it increases the corrosive can cause loss of control.
Do not use high-pressure wash- action of the salt. [ECA10791] Make sure that there is no oil or
ers or steam-jet cleaners since 2. Apply a corrosion protection spray wax on the tires.
they cause water seepage and on all metal, including chrome- and If necessary, wash the tires with
deterioration in the following ar- nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent warm water and a mild deter-
eas: seals (of wheel and swing- corrosion. gent. Before riding at higher
arm bearings, fork and brakes), speeds, test the motorcycles
electric components (couplers, After cleaning braking performance and cor-
connectors, and switches), 1. Dry the motorcycle with a chamois nering behavior.
breather hoses and vents. or an absorbing cloth. ECA10800
2. Use a chrome polish to shine NOTICE
After normal use chrome, aluminum and stainless-
Apply spray oil and wax spar- 8
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild steel parts.
ingly and make sure to wipe off
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge, 3. To prevent corrosion, it is recom-
any excess.
and then rinse thoroughly with clean mended to apply a corrosion pro-
Never apply oil or wax to any
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush tection spray on all metal,
rubber and plastic parts, but
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt including chrome- and nickel-plat-
treat them with a suitable care
and insects will come off more easily if ed, surfaces.
product.
the area is covered with a wet cloth for 4. Use spray oil as a universal clean-
a few minutes before cleaning. er to remove any remaining dirt.

8-2
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MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE


Avoid using abrasive polishing EAU40645
2. For motorcycles equipped with a
compounds as they will wear Storage fuel cock that has an S (stop) po-
away the paint. sition: Turn the fuel cock lever to
Short-term S.
TIP Always store your motorcycle in a cool, 3. Drain the carburetor float chamber
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on dry place and, if necessary, protect it by loosening the drain bolt; this will
what products to use. against dust with a porous cover. Be prevent fuel deposits from building
sure the engine and the exhaust sys- up. Pour the drained fuel into the
tem are cool before covering the motor- fuel tank.
cycle. 4. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
ECA10810
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
NOTICE
the fuel tank from rusting and the
Storing the motorcycle in a fuel from deteriorating.
poorly ventilated room or cover- 5. Perform the following steps to pro-
ing it with a tarp, while it is still tect the cylinder, piston rings, etc.
wet, will allow water and humid- from corrosion.
ity to seep in and cause rust. a. Remove the spark plug cap
To prevent corrosion, avoid and spark plug.
damp cellars, stables (because b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil
of the presence of ammonia) into the spark plug bore.
8 and areas where strong chemi- c. Install the spark plug cap onto
cals are stored. the spark plug, and then place
the spark plug on the cylinder
Long-term head so that the electrodes are
Before storing your motorcycle for sev- grounded. (This will limit spark-
eral months: ing during the next step.)
1. Follow all the instructions in the d. Turn the engine over several
Care section of this chapter. times with the starter. (This will
coat the cylinder wall with oil.)
8-3
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MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE


e. Remove the spark plug cap
from the spark plug, and then
install the spark plug and the
spark plug cap. WARNING! To
prevent damage or injury
from sparking, make sure to
ground the spark plug elec-
trodes while turning the en-
gine over. [EWA10951]
6. Lubricate all control cables and the
pivoting points of all levers as well
as of the centerstand.
7. Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, and then lift
the motorcycle so that both of its
wheels are off the ground. Alterna-
tively, turn the wheels a little every
month in order to prevent the tires
from becoming degraded in one
spot.
8
8. Cover the muffler outlet with a
plastic bag to prevent moisture
from entering it.
TIP
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.

8-4
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SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions: Vibration on handlebar (EN1032, ISO5008): Air filter:
Overall length: PW50 Will not exceed 2.5 m/s Air filter element:
1245 mm (49.0 in) (AUT)(BEL)(CHE)(DEU)(DNK)(ESP) Wet element
Overall width: (FIN)(FRA)(GBR)(GRC)(IRL)(ITA)(NLD) Fuel:
575 mm (22.6 in) (NOR)(POL)(PRT)(SVN)(SWE) Recommended fuel:
Overall height: Engine: PW50 Regular unleaded gasoline only
715 mm (28.1 in) Engine type: PW50D Unleaded gasoline only
Seat height: Air cooled 2-stroke PW50D1 Regular unleaded gasoline only
485 mm (19.1 in) Cylinder arrangement: Fuel tank capacity:
Wheelbase: Single cylinder 2.0 L (0.53 US gal, 0.44 Imp.gal)
855 mm (33.7 in) Displacement: Carburetor:
Ground clearance: 49 cm Type quantity:
105 mm (4.13 in) Bore stroke: VM12SC x 1
Minimum turning radius: 40.0 39.2 mm (1.57 1.54 in) Spark plug(s):
1300 mm (51.2 in) Compression ratio: Manufacturer/model:
Weight: 6.00 : 1 PW50 NGK/BP4HS (ZAF)
Curb weight: Starting system: PW50 NGK/BPR4HS
39 kg (86 lb) Kickstarter (AUT)(BEL)(CHE)(DEU)(DNK)(ESP)
Technical permissible mass (Maximum load + Lubrication system: (FIN)(FRA)(GBR)(GRC)(IRL)(ITA)(NLD)
curb weight): Separate lubrication (Yamaha autolube) (NOR)(POL)(PRT)(SVN)(SWE)
64 kg (141 lb) Engine oil: PW50D NGK/BPR4HS
Noise and vibration level: Type: PW50D1 NGK/BPR4HS
Noise level (77/311/EEC): YAMALUBE 2S or 2-stroke engine oil Manufacturer/model:
PW50 75.1 dB(A)@2750 r/min (JASO FC grade) or (ISO EG-C or EG-D PW50 DENSO/W14FP-L (ZAF)
(AUT)(BEL)(CHE)(DEU)(DNK)(ESP) grade) Spark plug gap:
(FIN)(FRA)(GBR)(GRC)(IRL)(ITA)(NLD) Engine oil quantity: 0.60.7 mm (0.0240.028 in)
9 (NOR)(POL)(PRT)(SVN)(SWE) Quantity: Clutch:
Vibration on seat (EN1032, ISO5008): 0.30 L (0.32 US qt, 0.26 Imp.qt) Clutch type:
PW50 Will not exceed 0.5 m/s Transmission oil: Wet, centrifugal automatic
(AUT)(BEL)(CHE)(DEU)(DNK)(ESP) Type: Transmission:
(FIN)(FRA)(GBR)(GRC)(IRL)(ITA)(NLD) YAMALUBE 4 (10W-40) or SAE 10W-40 Primary reduction ratio:
(NOR)(POL)(PRT)(SVN)(SWE) Oil change quantity: 1.909 (63/33)
0.30 L (0.32 US qt, 0.26 Imp.qt) Final drive:
Shaft
9-1
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SPECIFICATIONS
Secondary reduction ratio: Speed rating: Spring/shock absorber type:
6.218 (19/15 x 54/11) 100 km/h (62 mph) Coil spring/oil damper
Chassis: Loading: Wheel travel:
Frame type: Maximum rider weight: 60.0 mm (2.36 in)
Backbone 25.0 kg (55 lb) Rear suspension:
Caster angle: Tire air pressure (measured on cold Type:
25.50 tires): Unit swing
Trail: Front: Spring/shock absorber type:
50 mm (2.0 in) 100 kPa (1.00 kgf/cm, 15 psi) Coil spring/oil damper
Front tire: Rear: Wheel travel:
Type: 100 kPa (1.00 kgf/cm, 15 psi) 50.0 mm (1.97 in)
With tube Front wheel: Electrical system:
Size: Wheel type: Ignition system:
2.50-10 4PR Panel wheel CDI
Manufacturer/model: Rim size:
PW50 (EUR) 10x1.50
BRIDGESTONE/KNOBBY Rear wheel:
PW50 (ZAF), PW50D, PW50D1 Wheel type:
BRIDGESTONE/KNOBBY Panel wheel
IRC/KNOBBY Rim size:
Speed rating: 10x1.50
100 km/h (62 mph) Front brake:
Rear tire: Type:
Type: Drum brake
With tube Operation:
Size: Right hand operation
2.50-10 4PR Rear brake: 9
Manufacturer/model: Type:
PW50 (EUR)
Drum brake
BRIDGESTONE/KNOBBY Operation:
PW50 (ZAF), PW50D, PW50D1 Left hand operation
BRIDGESTONE/KNOBBY
Front suspension:
IRC/KNOBBY
Type:
Telescopic fork
9-2
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SPECIFICATIONS
EAU51131

For Europe only


The figures quoted are emission levels
and are not necessarily safe working
levels. Whilst there is a correlation be-
tween the emission and exposure lev-
els, this cannot be used reliably to
determine whether or not further pre-
cautions are required. Factors that in-
fluence the actual level of exposure of
work-force include the characteristics
of the work room, the other sources of
noise, etc. i.e. the number of machines
and other adjacent processes, and the
length of time for which an operator is
exposed to the noise. Also the permis-
sible exposure level can vary from
country. This information, however, will
enable the user of the machine to make
a better evaluation of the hazard and
risk.
9

9-3
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CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU40792 EAU26400 EAU26480

Identification numbers Vehicle identification number Model label


Record the vehicle identification num-
ber and model label information in the 1
spaces provided below for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a 1
Yamaha dealer or for reference in case
the vehicle is stolen.

VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
1. Vehicle identification number 1. Model label

The vehicle identification number is The model label is affixed to the frame
stamped into the steering head pipe. under the seat. (See page 4-7.) Record
Record this number in the space pro- the information on this label in the
MODEL LABEL INFORMATION: vided. space provided. This information will be
needed when ordering spare parts from
TIP
a Yamaha dealer.
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your motorcycle and
may be used to register your motorcy-
cle with the licensing authority in your
area.

10

10-1
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CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU48120
tions related to exhaust emissions as
Vehicle Emission Control Informa-
required by federal law, state law and
tion label (For Canada)
Environment Canada.

1. Vehicle Emission Control Information label

1. Vehicle Emission Control Information label

10 The Vehicle Emission Control Informa-


tion label is affixed at the location in the
illustration. This label shows specifica-

10-2
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INDEX
A I Tool kit .................................................... 7-2
Acceleration and deceleration ................ 6-2 Identification numbers ...........................10-1 Transmission oil...................................... 7-8
Air filter element, cleaning ...................... 7-9 K Troubleshooting .................................... 7-23
Autolube pump, adjusting ..................... 7-16 Kickstarter ...............................................4-7 Troubleshooting chart ........................... 7-24
B L V
Brake lever, front .................................... 4-2 Labels, location .......................................1-1 Vehicle Emission Control Information
Brake lever, rear ..................................... 4-3 M label (For Canada).............................. 10-2
Brake levers, lubricating ....................... 7-17 Maintenance and lubrication, periodic.....7-4 Vehicle identification number................ 10-1
Brake shoes, checking ......................... 7-15 Maintenance, emission control system ...7-3 W
Braking ................................................... 6-2 Matte color, caution.................................8-1 Wheel bearings, checking..................... 7-18
C Middle and final gear cases ....................7-9 Wheel (front) ......................................... 7-19
Cable lock (for Europe)........................... 4-8 Model label............................................10-1 Wheel (rear).......................................... 7-20
Cables, checking and lubricating.......... 7-16 P Wheels.................................................. 7-14
Carburetor, adjusting ............................ 7-11 Parking ....................................................6-4
Care........................................................ 8-1 Part locations ..........................................3-1
Centerstand, Power reduction plate, removing.............7-7
checking and lubricating..................... 7-17 S
E Safety information ...................................2-1
Engine break-in ...................................... 6-3 Seat.........................................................4-7
Engine idling speed .............................. 7-11 Spark arrester, cleaning ........................7-10
Engine oil................................................ 4-6 Spark plug, checking...............................7-6
Engine, starting a warm.......................... 6-1 Specifications ..........................................9-1
Engine stop switch.................................. 4-1 Speed limiter and
F power reduction plate............................4-1
Front and rear brake lever free play, Starter (choke) lever................................4-7
adjusting ............................................. 7-14 Starting and warming up a cold engine...6-1
Front fork, checking .............................. 7-17 Starting off...............................................6-2
Fuel......................................................... 4-3 Steering, checking.................................7-18
Fuel cock ................................................ 4-6 Storage....................................................8-3
Fuel tank breather hose.......................... 4-5 T
Fuel tank cap .......................................... 4-3 Throttle grip and cable,
H checking and lubricating .....................7-16
Handlebar switch .................................... 4-1 Throttle grip free play, checking ............7-12
Tires ......................................................7-12

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EAU53771

WARNING
Improper motorcycle use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH.

ALWAYS USE NEVER USE NEVER CARRY


AN APPROVED ON PAVED PASSENGERS
HELMET AND ROADS
PROTECTIVE GEAR
NEVER operate: ALWAYS:
without proper training or instruction. use proper riding techniques to avoid
at speeds too fast for your skills or the vehicle overturns on hills and rough
conditions. terrain and in turns.
on public roadsa collision can occur with avoid paved surfacespavement may
another vehicle. seriously affect handling and control.
with a passengerpassengers affect
balance and steering and increase risk
of losing control.

LOCATE AND READ OWNERS MANUAL. FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS.

PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER PRINTED IN JAPAN


2012.07-0.61 CR
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