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ANNEXURE - B

Calculation of Conductor Surface Voltage Gradient:


Method obtained IEE Power Series 17, High Voltage Engineering and Testing.
Appendix 3.4

E=(V/3)*(/(r*ln((a/Re)*2h/(4h2+a2)))

Where,
=(1+(n-1)r/R)/n

Re=Rn*(nr/R)

R=S/(2*Sin(/n))

E= Conductor Surface Voltage Gradient ( kV/cm)


V= Rated Voltage ( kV )
= Factor for Multiple Conductors
r= Radius of Conductor ( cm )
R= Outside radies of bundle ( cm )
Re=Equivalent Radiues of bundle conductor ( cm )
S= Distance between Component conductor centers ( cm )
a= Phase Spacing ( cm )
h= Height of conductor above ground ( cm )
( This value is taken as the distance between phase connection/bus bar to the
metalwork at earth potential)
n= Number of component conductors in bundle

Line Calculations:
V=1200 kV R=S/(2*Sin(/n))=45.7/(2*Sin(/8))
r= 16 cm =59.71 cm
S= 45.7 cm
a= 24 m= 2400 cm =(1+(n-1)r/R)/n
h= 8 m = 800 cm =(1+(7*16)/59.71)/8
n=8 =0.1485

Therefore, Re=Rn*(nr/R)
R= 59.71 cm =(59.71*8)* ((8*16)/59.71)
=699.38 cm
= 0.1485
Therefore,
Re= 699.38 cm E=(V/3)*(/(r*ln((a/Re)*2h/(4h2+a2)))
=(1200/3)*(0.1485/(16*ln((45.7/699.38)*1600
E= 9.99 kV/cm /(4(800)2+(2400)2)))
=9.99 kV/cm
Substation Calculations:
V=1200 kV R=S/(2*Sin(/n))=45.7/(2*Sin(/8))
r= 16 cm =59.71 cm
S= 45.7 cm
a= 27 m= 2700 cm =(1+(n-1)r/R)/n
h= 8 m = 800 cm =(1+(7*16)/59.71)/8
n=8 =0.1485

Therefore, Re=Rn*(nr/R)
R= 59.71 cm =(59.71*8)* ((8*16)/59.71)
=699.38 cm
= 0.1485
Therefore,
Re= 699.38 cm E=(V/3)*(/(r*ln((a/Re)*2h/(4h2+a2)))
=(1200/3)*(0.1485/(16*ln((45.7/699.38)*1600
E= 9.209 kV/cm /(4(800)2+(2700)2)))
=9.209 kV/cm

Twin Tube Calculations:


V=1200 kV R=S/(2*Sin(/n))=45.7/(2*Sin(/2))
r= 50 cm =22.85 cm
S= 45.7 cm
a= 27 m= 2700 cm =1 ( For Tube Conductors )
h= 8 m = 800 cm
n=2 Re=Rn*(nr/R)
=(22.85*2)* ((2*50)/22.85)
Therefore, =95.603 cm
R= 22.85 cm
Therefore,
=1 E=(V/3)*(/(r*ln((a/Re)*2h/(4h2+a2)))
=(1200/3)*(1/(50*ln((45.7/95.603)*1600
Re= 95.603 cm /(4(800)2+(2700)2)))
=5.09 kV/cm
E= 5.09 kV/cm

Both above values found to be below negative corona onset value of 20


kv/cm