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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other
three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
1. A. motivated B. prioritize C. confident D. conflict
2. A. sibling B. conservative C. counsellor D. casual

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position
of primary stress in each of the following questions.
3. A. contaminate B. supervisor C. investigate D. convenient
4. A. vulnerable B. discriminate C. philosopher D. stability

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the
following questions.
5. Most of the guests turned up two hours early, that took us by surprise.
A. Most B. early C. that D. by surprise
6. Even a professional psychologist may have difficulty talking calm and logically about his own problems.
A. Even B. difficulty C. calm D. his own
7. Until recently, women were forbidden by law of owning property.
A. Until recently B. were C. by law D. of owning

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate, the correct answer to each of the following questions.
8. Its time she _______ how to look after herself.
A. learns B. learn C. learned D. learning
9. Any player who wishes to participate in the Gracey Tennis Tournament should register ______ August 14.
A. until B. about C. since D. before
10. Only if you promise to study hard ______ to tutor you.
A. will I agree B. agree I C. I agree D. I will agree
11. The city libraries present a gloomy picture of the ______ who used to flock the libraries every evening.
A. gradual reduction of readers B. gradual readers reduction
C. gradual readers of reduction D. reduction gradual readers
12. What are you going to do with your old typewriter?I dont know yet, but _____ away seems wasteful.
A. throw B. throwing it C. thrown D. throw it
13. Environmentalists are earnestly trying to determine ______ of the ozone layer over the poles.
A. what is causing the deterioration B. what the cause of the deterioration
C. is causing the deterioration D. the deterioration is causing
14. Beginning next week, managers will be ______ performance evaluations for all employees within their department.
A. conduct B. conducts C. conducted D. conducting
15. She has just bought ______
A. a reddish impressive wood French coffee table B. an impressive reddish French wood coffee table
C. an impressive French reddish coffee table D. an impressive French wood reddish coffee table
16. The wet weather has ______ three weeks now. It has rained every single day.
A. lasted B. gone C. run D. existed
17. After we each had been assigned an installment part of the project, we came back to our _______ section.
A. respectively B. respectful C. irrespective D. respective
18. Deborah is going to take extra lessons to ______ what she missed while she was away.
A. catch up on B. cut down on C. take up with D. put up with
19. The meeting has been brought ______ to Monday due to the seriousness of the situation.
A. on B. out C. down D. forward

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the
following exchanges.
20. Daisy: What an attractive hair style you have got, Mary! Mary:______
A. Thank you very much. Im afraid. B. Youre telling a lie.
C. Thank you for your compliment! D. I dont like your sayings.
21. Shall I wait for you? - _____
A. Why ask such a question? B. No need to ask.
C. No, dont bother. D. No, of course.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined
word(s) in each of the following questions.
22. I think we can safely say now that we have got our money back; we are home and dry.
A. have got home dry B. have been successful C. have not got wet D. have got no water
23. Paris is the ideal place to learn French; its a beautiful and hospitable city with institutions for high quality linguistic teaching.
A. friendly B. natural C. affectionate D. noticeable

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your. answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined
word(s) in each of the following questions.
24. Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region.
A. remain unstable B. fluctuate C. restrain D. stay unchanged
25. This kind of dress is becoming outmoded. If I were you, I wouldnt dress it up at the party.
A. fashionable B. realistic C. unfashionable D. attractive

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the
following questions.
26. How long have you worked here? he asked.
A. He asked me how long I had worked there. B. He asked me for how long I had worked there.
C. He asked me if! had worked there long. D. He asked me how long had I worked there.
27. It is in museums and galleries that hobbyists can study exhibits relating to their hobby.
A. Hobbyists can study exhibits relating to their hobby in museums and galleries.
B. Hobbyists are said that they can study exhibits relating to their hobby in museums and galleries.
C. Museums and galleries are the places which hobbyists can study exhibits relating to their hobby.
D. It is known that museums and galleries are the best places for hobbyists to study exhibits relating to their hobby.
28. We were prevented from having our picnic due to the heavy rain.
A. The heavy rain made it impossible for us to have our picnic.
B. The heavy rain came unexpectedly but we still had our picnic.
C. We cant have our picnic because of the heavy rain.
D. On being had the picnic, we met with a heavy rain.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences
in the following questions.
29. Nick gave me some advice. I was saved from bankruptcy.
A. I was saved from bankruptcy though Nick gave me some advice.
B. It was Nicks advice that saved me from bankruptcy.
C. If it werent for Nicks advice, I would go bankrupt.
D. Had it not been for Nicks advice, I would have been bankruptcy.
30. We havent seen each other for ages. Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.
A. Though we havent for years, Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.
B. We havent seen each other for ages, because Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.
C. We havent seen each other for ages, so Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.
D. The result why we havent seen each other for ages is that Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or
phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.
The Magic of Pop-up Books
Books are normally thought of in terms of the pages that are looked at. They are simple, two-dimensional objects that we read.
There are words on the page and occasionally (31)_____ that help us see more clearly what the words are being used to describe.
They are sources of knowledge, but more often than not they arent considered very special.
Some books take it another steps further, though, and their pages jump (32) _____ and form three-dimensional objects. These
books can make adults smile and cause children to be wide-eyed with (33) _____. Called pop-up books in our times, they have
been around longer than most people think they have.
Pop-up books were originally called mechanical books, and these paper (34) _____ took a lot of work to make. They were not
for children at all, although centuries ago there were practically no books made for children. The mechanical books helped illustrate
(35) _____ things as the phases of the moon or were used to teach complex theories.
31. A. explanations B. illustrations C. examples D. meanings
32. A. out B. up C. in D. into
33. A. admiration B. respect C. wonder D. formality
34. A. makings B. creations C. actions D. processes
35. A. many B. like C. so many D. such
Read the folio wing passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to
each of the questions from 36 to 42.
What Do You Think?
We have all had bad experiences with restaurants, stores, or hotels. Maybe you have gone to a restaurant that served terrible
food. Perhaps you have gone to a store that had high prices or bad service. Or maybe you have booked a hotel and found out later
that the room was nothing like the advertisement.
These days, we have a better chance of preventing these unpleasant surprises. We can do this by using apps. App is short for
application. An app is a computer programme on a smartphone. You can use apps to do almost anything. Apps can help you play
games, get directions, talk to friends, and so on.
If you want to find information about a store or a hotel, you can use a review app. Review apps help us evaluate services and
products before we hand over our money. The idea is very simple. After you go to a restaurant or stay in a hotel, you can post a
review with one of your apps. You can say anything you want. If you like a hotel you stayed in, you can tell people that it was
wonderful. If you think that the food in a certain restaurant was bad, then you tell people not to eat there. Other people can use
their apps to read your reviews.
Plenty of people prefer not to use these review apps. Many of these people prefer to go out and decide for themselves whether
or not a service is good. However, review apps are getting more and more popular every day. Some apps are for specific services.
For example, Tripadvisor focuses on travel, and Goodreads focuses on books. There are also other, larger apps that provide
information for just about every service that you can think of.
36. What does the passage say about apps?
A. There are very few good apps. B. You can use apps for many things.
C. Apps are only for travel. D. Apps are very expensive to use.
37. If you want to book a hotel, how can a review app help you?
A. It can tell you about the hotel before you book it. B. It can tell you how to use a smart phone.
C. It can tell you about other people who post reviews. D. It can help you write better reviews.
38. The phrase is short for in paragraph 2 can best be replaced by _______
A. stands for B. supports C. takes after D. offers
39. The word it in paragraph 3 refers to ______
A. A restaurant B. A hotel C. A review D An idea
40. According to the passage, why do some people prefer NOT to use review apps?
A. They dont trust review apps. B. They dont know how to use review apps.
C. They think review app are too hard. D. They prefer to make their own decisions
41. What does the app Goodreads focus on?
A. Books B. Films C. Newspapers D. Travel
42. Which of the following would be another good title for the passage?
A. Wasteful Apps B. Complaints from Customers
C. Customer Services D. Conveniences for Customers

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to
each of the questions from 43 to 50.
The Urban Gardener
Cities are home to skyscrapers and apartment buildings, and its rare to find wide, open spaces within them. With limited space
for parks and gardens, architects and city planners often find it challenging to incorporate greenery into neighbourhoods. One
creative solution is to grow plants on unused areas like walls or rooftops. Its a popular idea, and now rooftop gardens and green
walls have been spouting up in cities around the world.
There are many benefits to having green spaces to the urban landscape. Adding gardens to rooftops or walls can create a
pleasant environment what was once a grey cement wall can become a colourful, blooming garden. The CaxiaForum art gallery
in Madrid, Spain, is a famous example one of its walls is covered with 15,000 plants from over 250 different species. In other
cities, green walls are being used more functionally, to cover up construction sites and empty buildings and to prominently decorate
the lobbies of office buildings.
Using plants to cover walls and rooftops can also keep cities cooler in the summer. Buildings and roads absorb the suns heat
and hold it, causing a building or neighbourhood to stay warmer longer. Plants, on the other hand, provide an enormous amount of
shade. There is evidence that growing a roof or wall garden can lower a buildings energy costs. Many cities offer tax discounts to
businesses with these features.
In New York City, public schools plant rooftop gardens that can reduce heating and cooling costs. In addition to saving the
school money, teachers and parents love the gardens because of their educational value its a fun and healthy way for their kids
to investigate the world around them. For the children, its exciting when you grow something edible, said Lauren Fontana,
principal of a New York public school.
These green spaces are also used to grow food. In recent years, rooftop gardens have slowly been included in the local food
movement. This is based on the concept that locally grown food reduces pollution since does not have to be transported far.
Vegetables are being grown in rooftop gardens by schools, churches, neighbourhoods and even restaurants. Chef Rick Bayless
serves Rooftop Salsa at his restaurant in Chicago, USA, using only ingredients grown in his rooftop garden.
Rooftop gardens and green walls may require a bit more effort to grow and maintain. However, hard work always brings
rewards, and with green spaces, the rewards are plentiful.
43. What is this passage mainly about?
A. gardens in Madrid, New York, and Chicago B. people growing plants on roofs and walls
C. private gardens in the citys unused spaces D. how to grow your own food in the city
44. According to the passage, people _____ as cities have little space for gardens.
A. grow plants in their apartments B. go to the countryside at the weekends
C. paint their walls and roofs green D. grow trees and flowers on top of roofs
45. Why is the green wall in Madrid mentioned in the passage?
A. It is the most expensive green wall in the world. B. It is located on the side of a government building.
C. It is a famous example of a green wall. D. It was made to provide jobs for homeless people.
46. Which is NOT mentioned as a benefit of a rooftop garden?
A. It becomes a park that the community can use. B. Having one might mean paying less taxes.
C. Children can use it to learn about the environment. D. Growing plants on a roof keeps buildings cooler.
47. Because food can now be grown in cities, ______
A. the food at expensive restaurants is cheaper B. governments are making many rules about city gardens
C. farmers in the countryside are moving to the city D. theres less pollution caused by transporting food
48. The word it in paragraph 5 refers to ______
A. a rooftop garden B. the food in general C. locally grown food D. green space
49. Why did Chef Bayless name his dish Rooftop Salsa?
A. He got the idea while cooking on his rooftop. B. He buys the salsa from other rooftop gardeners.
C. It is made from food grown in his rooftop garden. D. The money earned from the dish is given to rooftop gardeners.
50. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
A. Rooftop gardens and green walls will take a long time to develop.
B. Rooftop gardens and green walls are worth the time and effort.
C. People with rooftop gardens will be able to grow and sell their own food.
D. People underestimate the effort needed to maintain rooftop gardens and green walls.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other
three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
1. A. motivated B. prioritize C. confident D. conflict
2. A. sibling B. conservative C. counsellor D. casual

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position
of primary stress in each of the following questions.
3. A. contaminate B. supervisor C. investigate D. convenient
4. A. vulnerable B. discriminate C. philosopher D. stability

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the
following questions.
5. Most of the guests turned up two hours early, that took us by surprise.
A. Most B. early C. that D. by surprise
6. Even a professional psychologist may have difficulty talking calm and logically about his own problems.
A. Even B. difficulty C. calm D. his own
7. Until recently, women were forbidden by law of owning property.
A. Until recently B. were C. by law D. of owning

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate, the correct answer to each of the following questions.
8. Its time she _______ how to look after herself.
A. learns B. learn C. learned D. learning
9. Any player who wishes to participate in the Gracey Tennis Tournament should register ______ August 14.
A. until B. about C. since D. before
10. Only if you promise to study hard ______ to tutor you.
A. will I agree B. agree I C. I agree D. I will agree
11. The city libraries present a gloomy picture of the ______ who used to flock the libraries every evening.
A. gradual reduction of readers B. gradual readers reduction
C. gradual readers of reduction D. reduction gradual readers
12. What are you going to do with your old typewriter?I dont know yet, but _____ away seems wasteful.
A. throw B. throwing it C. thrown D. throw it
13. Environmentalists are earnestly trying to determine ______ of the ozone layer over the poles.
A. what is causing the deterioration B. what the cause of the deterioration
C. is causing the deterioration D. the deterioration is causing
14. Beginning next week, managers will be ______ performance evaluations for all employees within their department.
A. conduct B. conducts C. conducted D. conducting
15. She has just bought ______
A. a reddish impressive wood French coffee table B. an impressive reddish French wood coffee table
C. an impressive French reddish coffee table D. an impressive French wood reddish coffee table
16. The wet weather has ______ three weeks now. It has rained every single day.
A. lasted B. gone C. run D. existed
17. After we each had been assigned an installment part of the project, we came back to our _______ section.
A. respectively B. respectful C. irrespective D. respective
18. Deborah is going to take extra lessons to ______ what she missed while she was away.
A. catch up on B. cut down on C. take up with D. put up with
19. The meeting has been brought ______ to Monday due to the seriousness of the situation.
A. on B. out C. down D. forward

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the
following exchanges.
20. Daisy: What an attractive hair style you have got, Mary! Mary:______
A. Thank you very much. Im afraid. B. Youre telling a lie.
C. Thank you for your compliment! D. I dont like your sayings.
21. Shall I wait for you? - _____
A. Why ask such a question? B. No need to ask.
C. No, dont bother. D. No, of course.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined
word(s) in each of the following questions.
22. I think we can safely say now that we have got our money back; we are home and dry.
A. have got home dry B. have been successful C. have not got wet D. have got no water
23. Paris is the ideal place to learn French; its a beautiful and hospitable city with institutions for high quality linguistic teaching.
A. friendly B. natural C. affectionate D. noticeable

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your. answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined
word(s) in each of the following questions.
24. Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region.
A. remain unstable B. fluctuate C. restrain D. stay unchanged
25. This kind of dress is becoming outmoded. If I were you, I wouldnt dress it up at the party.
A. fashionable B. realistic C. unfashionable D. attractive

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the
following questions.
26. How long have you worked here? he asked.
A. He asked me how long I had worked there. B. He asked me for how long I had worked there.
C. He asked me if! had worked there long. D. He asked me how long had I worked there.
27. It is in museums and galleries that hobbyists can study exhibits relating to their hobby.
A. Hobbyists can study exhibits relating to their hobby in museums and galleries.
B. Hobbyists are said that they can study exhibits relating to their hobby in museums and galleries.
C. Museums and galleries are the places which hobbyists can study exhibits relating to their hobby.
D. It is known that museums and galleries are the best places for hobbyists to study exhibits relating to their hobby.
28. We were prevented from having our picnic due to the heavy rain.
A. The heavy rain made it impossible for us to have our picnic.
B. The heavy rain came unexpectedly but we still had our picnic.
C. We cant have our picnic because of the heavy rain.
D. On being had the picnic, we met with a heavy rain.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences
in the following questions.
29. Nick gave me some advice. I was saved from bankruptcy.
A. I was saved from bankruptcy though Nick gave me some advice.
B. It was Nicks advice that saved me from bankruptcy.
C. If it werent for Nicks advice, I would go bankrupt.
D. Had it not been for Nicks advice, I would have been bankruptcy.
30. We havent seen each other for ages. Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.
A. Though we havent for years, Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.
B. We havent seen each other for ages, because Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.
C. We havent seen each other for ages, so Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.
D. The result why we havent seen each other for ages is that Im wondering whether I shall even recognize him.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or
phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.
The Magic of Pop-up Books
Books are normally thought of in terms of the pages that are looked at. They are simple, two-dimensional objects that we read.
There are words on the page and occasionally (31)_____ that help us see more clearly what the words are being used to describe.
They are sources of knowledge, but more often than not they arent considered very special.
Some books take it another steps further, though, and their pages jump (32) _____ and form three-dimensional objects. These
books can make adults smile and cause children to be wide-eyed with (33) _____. Called pop-up books in our times, they have
been around longer than most people think they have.
Pop-up books were originally called mechanical books, and these paper (34) _____ took a lot of work to make. They were not
for children at all, although centuries ago there were practically no books made for children. The mechanical books helped illustrate
(35) _____ things as the phases of the moon or were used to teach complex theories.
31. A. explanations B. illustrations C. examples D. meanings
32. A. out B. up C. in D. into
33. A. admiration B. respect C. wonder D. formality
34. A. makings B. creations C. actions D. processes
35. A. many B. like C. so many D. such

Read the folio wing passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to
each of the questions from 36 to 42.
What Do You Think?
We have all had bad experiences with restaurants, stores, or hotels. Maybe you have gone to a restaurant that served terrible
food. Perhaps you have gone to a store that had high prices or bad service. Or maybe you have booked a hotel and found out later
that the room was nothing like the advertisement.
These days, we have a better chance of preventing these unpleasant surprises. We can do this by using apps. App is short for
application. An app is a computer programme on a smartphone. You can use apps to do almost anything. Apps can help you play
games, get directions, talk to friends, and so on.
If you want to find information about a store or a hotel, you can use a review app. Review apps help us evaluate services and
products before we hand over our money. The idea is very simple. After you go to a restaurant or stay in a hotel, you can post a
review with one of your apps. You can say anything you want. If you like a hotel you stayed in, you can tell people that it was
wonderful. If you think that the food in a certain restaurant was bad, then you tell people not to eat there. Other people can use
their apps to read your reviews.
Plenty of people prefer not to use these review apps. Many of these people prefer to go out and decide for themselves whether
or not a service is good. However, review apps are getting more and more popular every day. Some apps are for specific services.
For example, Tripadvisor focuses on travel, and Goodreads focuses on books. There are also other, larger apps that provide
information for just about every service that you can think of.
36. What does the passage say about apps?
A. There are very few good apps. B. You can use apps for many things.
C. Apps are only for travel. D. Apps are very expensive to use.
37. If you want to book a hotel, how can a review app help you?
A. It can tell you about the hotel before you book it. B. It can tell you how to use a smart phone.
C. It can tell you about other people who post reviews. D. It can help you write better reviews.
38. The phrase is short for in paragraph 2 can best be replaced by _______
A. stands for B. supports C. takes after D. offers
39. The word it in paragraph 3 refers to ______
A. A restaurant B. A hotel C. A review D An idea
40. According to the passage, why do some people prefer NOT to use review apps?
A. They dont trust review apps. B. They dont know how to use review apps.
C. They think review app are too hard. D. They prefer to make their own decisions
41. What does the app Goodreads focus on?
A. Books B. Films C. Newspapers D. Travel
42. Which of the following would be another good title for the passage?
A. Wasteful Apps B. Complaints from Customers
C. Customer Services D. Conveniences for Customers

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to
each of the questions from 43 to 50.
The Urban Gardener
Cities are home to skyscrapers and apartment buildings, and its rare to find wide, open spaces within them. With limited space
for parks and gardens, architects and city planners often find it challenging to incorporate greenery into neighbourhoods. One
creative solution is to grow plants on unused areas like walls or rooftops. Its a popular idea, and now rooftop gardens and green
walls have been spouting up in cities around the world.
There are many benefits to having green spaces to the urban landscape. Adding gardens to rooftops or walls can create a
pleasant environment what was once a grey cement wall can become a colourful, blooming garden. The CaxiaForum art gallery
in Madrid, Spain, is a famous example one of its walls is covered with 15,000 plants from over 250 different species. In other
cities, green walls are being used more functionally, to cover up construction sites and empty buildings and to prominently decorate
the lobbies of office buildings.
Using plants to cover walls and rooftops can also keep cities cooler in the summer. Buildings and roads absorb the suns heat
and hold it, causing a building or neighbourhood to stay warmer longer. Plants, on the other hand, provide an enormous amount of
shade. There is evidence that growing a roof or wall garden can lower a buildings energy costs. Many cities offer tax discounts to
businesses with these features.
In New York City, public schools plant rooftop gardens that can reduce heating and cooling costs. In addition to saving the
school money, teachers and parents love the gardens because of their educational value its a fun and healthy way for their kids
to investigate the world around them. For the children, its exciting when you grow something edible, said Lauren Fontana,
principal of a New York public school.
These green spaces are also used to grow food. In recent years, rooftop gardens have slowly been included in the local food
movement. This is based on the concept that locally grown food reduces pollution since does not have to be transported far.
Vegetables are being grown in rooftop gardens by schools, churches, neighbourhoods and even restaurants. Chef Rick Bayless
serves Rooftop Salsa at his restaurant in Chicago, USA, using only ingredients grown in his rooftop garden.
Rooftop gardens and green walls may require a bit more effort to grow and maintain. However, hard work always brings
rewards, and with green spaces, the rewards are plentiful.
43. What is this passage mainly about?
A. gardens in Madrid, New York, and Chicago B. people growing plants on roofs and walls
C. private gardens in the citys unused spaces D. how to grow your own food in the city
44. According to the passage, people _____ as cities have little space for gardens.
A. grow plants in their apartments B. go to the countryside at the weekends
C. paint their walls and roofs green D. grow trees and flowers on top of roofs
45. Why is the green wall in Madrid mentioned in the passage?
A. It is the most expensive green wall in the world. B. It is located on the side of a government building.
C. It is a famous example of a green wall. D. It was made to provide jobs for homeless people.
46. Which is NOT mentioned as a benefit of a rooftop garden?
A. It becomes a park that the community can use. B. Having one might mean paying less taxes.
C. Children can use it to learn about the environment. D. Growing plants on a roof keeps buildings cooler.
47. Because food can now be grown in cities, ______
A. the food at expensive restaurants is cheaper B. governments are making many rules about city gardens
C. farmers in the countryside are moving to the city D. theres less pollution caused by transporting food
48. The word it in paragraph 5 refers to ______
A. a rooftop garden B. the food in general C. locally grown food D. green space
49. Why did Chef Bayless name his dish Rooftop Salsa?
A. He got the idea while cooking on his rooftop. B. He buys the salsa from other rooftop gardeners.
C. It is made from food grown in his rooftop garden. D. The money earned from the dish is given to rooftop gardeners.
50. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
A. Rooftop gardens and green walls will take a long time to develop.
B. Rooftop gardens and green walls are worth the time and effort.
C. People with rooftop gardens will be able to grow and sell their own food.
D. People underestimate the effort needed to maintain rooftop gardens and green walls.