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Transportation Engineering I

Salient Features of China Pak Economic Corridor

Submitted by:
Usman Iftikhar
Section C
Submitted to:
Dr. Hassan Mujtaba

Department of Civil Engineering

University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore
ChinaPakistan Economic Corridor also known by the acronym CPEC) is a collection of
infrastructure projects that are currently under construction throughout Pakistan. It was
established in 22nd May 2013. Originally valued at $46 billion, the value of CPEC projects is
now worth $62 billion. CPEC is intended to rapidly modernize Pakistani infrastructure and
strengthen its economy by the construction of modern transportation networks, numerous
energy projects, and special economic zones. On 13 November 2016, CPEC became partly
operational when Chinese cargo was transported overland to Gwadar Port for onward
maritime shipment to Africa and West Asia.
Projects in Gwadar Port and City:
Gwadar Port Complex
Under CPEC agreement, Gwadar Port will initially be expanded and upgraded to allow for
docking of larger ships with deadweight tonnage of up to 70,000. Improvement plans also
include construction of a $130 million breakwater around the port, as well as the construction
of a floating liquefied natural gas facility that will have a capacity of 500 million cubic feet of
liquefied natural gas per day and will be connected to the Gwadar-Nawabshah segment of
the IranPakistan gas pipeline.
Projects in Gwadar city:
China will grant Pakistan $230 million to construct a new international airport in Gwadar
which is to be operational by December 2017.
Roadway projects:
The CPEC project envisages major upgrades and overhauls to Pakistan's transportation
Karakoram Highway:
The CPEC projects call for reconstruction and upgrade works on National Highway 35 (N-
35), which forms the Pakistani portion of the Karakoram Highway (KKH). The KKH spans
the 887 km long distance between the China-Pakistan border and the town of Burhan,
near Hasan-Abdal. At Burhan, the existing M1 motorway will intersect the N-35 at the Shah
Maqsood Interchange. From there, access onwards to Islamabad and Lahore continues as part
of the existing M1 and M2 motorways.
Eastern Alignment:
The term Eastern Alignment of CPEC refers to roadway projects located
in Sindh and Punjab provinces - some of which were first envisioned in 1991. As part of the
Eastern Alignment, a 1,152 km long motorway will connect Pakistan's two largest cities,
Karachi and Lahore with 4 to 6-lane controlled access highway designed for travel speeds up
to 120 km per hour.
Western Alignment:
The CPEC project envisages an expanded and upgraded road network in the Pakistani
provinces of Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and western Punjab Province as part of the
Western Alignment. The Western Alignment project will result in the upgrading of several
hundred km worth of road into 2 and 4-lane divided highways by mid-2018, with land
acquisition sufficient for upgrading parts of the road to a 6-lane motorway in the future. In
total, the CPEC project envisages re-construction of 870 km of road in Balochistan province
alone as part of the Western Alignment. Of those 870 km of road, 620 km have already been
rebuilt as of January 2016
Railway projects:
The CPEC project emphasizes major upgrades to Pakistan's ageing railway system, including
rebuilding of the entire Main Line 1 railway between Karachi and Peshawar by 2020
Lahore Metro:
The $1.6 billion Orange Line of the Lahore Metro is under construction and is regarded as a
commercial project under CPEC. Construction on the line has already begun, with planned
completion by Winter 2017
Khunjerab Railway:
Longer term projects under CPEC also call for construction of the 682 kilometre
long Khunjerab Railway line between the city of Havelian, to the Khunjerab Pass on the
Chinese border, with extension to China's Lanxin Railway in Kashgar, Xinjiang. The railway
will roughly parallel the Karakoram Highway, and is expected to be complete in 2030.
Energy sector projects:
Table of projects
"Early Harvest" Energy Project Capacity Location
Pakistan Port Qasim Power Project 1,320 MW (2 x 660 MW plants) Sindh
Thar-l Project 1,320 MW (4 x 330 MW plants) Sindh
Thar-ll Project and coal mine 1,320 MW (2 x 660 MW plants) Sindh
Sahiwal Coal Power Project 1,320 MW (2 x 660 MW plants) Punjab
Rahimyar Khan coal power project 1,320 MW (2 x 660 MW plants) Punjab
Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park 1,000 MW Punjab
Suki Kinari Hydropower Project 870 MW (expected completion in Khyber
2020) Pakhtunkhw
Karot Hydropower Project 720 MW (expected completion in Punjab
China Power Hub Generation 2X660 MW Balochistan
Thar Engro Coal Power Project 660 MW (2 x 330 MW plants) Sindh
Gwadar coal power project 300 MW Balochistan
UEP Windfarm 100 MW Sindh
Dawood wind power project 50 MW Sindh
Sachal Windfarm 50 MW Sindh
Sunnec Windfarm 50 MW Sindh
Matiari to Faisalabad transmission 660 kilovolt Sindh and
line Punjab
Matiari to Lahore Transmission 660 kilovolt Sindh and
Line Punjab