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The Drilling Rig and Its Crew

2. Types of Rigs Onshore or land rigs Offshore rigs Barges Drilling Tenders
Platforms Jack-ups Semisubmersibles Drillships
3. Land Rigs Cantilever mast most common arrangement Portable mast usually
mounted on trucks that incorporate the hoisting machinery, engines and derrick as a
single unit
4. Land Rigs
5. Land Rigs
6. Drilling Barges Mobile, flat bottomed shallow draft vessels Used for drilling in
swampy or shallow coastal waters (8-20 ft) West African river deltas, US Gulf Coast,
Maracaibo, Kalimantan Limited stability and can be used in very calm waters Need
utility barges because of limited storage space
7. Drilling Barges
8. Drilling Tenders Non-self-propelled barges or semisubmersibles Moored alongside a
platform Derrick equipment on platform Allows less costly platforms to be used for
9. Drilling Tenders
10. Platforms Fixed-bottom or rigid rigid structures extend from the seabed to all the
way above the surface of the water Steel jacket or concrete gravity (CGS) Floating
float near the water surface Tension leg (TLP), Spar
11. Type of Platforms Type of Connection to Seabed Example PlatformFixed-bottom
Piles Steel jacket Gravity Concrete Gravity Structure (CGS)Floating Tethers Tension Leg
Platform (TLP) Catenary mooring lines Semi-submersible, Spar Single Point Mooring
Ship-shaped vessel (FPSO) (SPM)
12. Platforms
13. Jack-ups Mobile self- elevating rigs equipped with long support legs Designed to
drill in <350 ft of water Very stable
14. Jack-ups (NEW) Spud cans xxxxxx
15. Semisubmersibles Have a water ballasting system that can partially submerge its
vertical stabilizing columns Anchor-moored or dynamically positioned Can operate in
water depths of up to 6000 ft. Operational depth limited by mooring equipment and
riser handling capacity Can work in harsh environments like the North Sea
16. Semisubmersibles
17. A Word On Dynamic Positioning Dynamic Positioning is a technique used on
floaters utilizing large computer-controlled on-board propulsion units (pitch propellers or
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thrusters) controlled by a satellite navigation system to maintain the position of a vessel
with respect to a point on the seabed Range of weather conditions is limited Generally
not used in water depths of less than 3000 ft Because of large fuel consumption it is only
economically feasible in the ff circumstances: Frequent location changes are required
Anchor lengths required are excessive (>3000 ft)
18. Drillships Capable of drilling in very deep water (>6000 ft) Offer greater mobility
than a semi or jack- up Greater storage facilities Anchor-moored or dynamically
positioned Limited to areas where wave action is not severe
19. Keyway The keyway is the opening on an inland barge or offshore jackup in which
the drilling operations are performed.
20. Moonpool The hole through a floater or semi- submersible structure is which the
drilling operations are performed.
21. Rig Setup
22. Rig Crew Offshore Installation Manager (OIM) (for offshore rigs only) Rig
Superintendent or Day Toolpusher Night Toolpusher Drillers Assistant Drillers
Derrickman Motorman Roughnecks
23. Rig Crew Roustabouts Electricians Mechanics Crane Operator Catering Crew
24. Driller
25. Derrickman
26. Roughneck
27. End of Topic

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