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Copyright © By NODIA & COMPANY

Information contained in this book has been obtained by authors, from sources believes to be reliable. However, neither Nodia nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information herein, and Nodia nor its authors shall be responsible for any error, omissions, or damages arising out of use of this information. This book is published with the understanding that Nodia and its authors are supplying information but are not attempting to render engineering or other professional services.

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Ph :

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

YEAR 2013

ONE MARK

Q. 1

Creep strain is

(A)

caused due to dead load only

(B) caused due to live load only

(C)

caused due to cyclic load only

(D) independent of load

Q.

Q.

2

3

Q. 4

Q. 5

Q.

Q.

6

7

The “Plane section remain plane” assumption in bending theory implies

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(A)

(C)

strain profile is linear

both profiles are linear

(B) stress profile is linear

(D) shear deformation is neglected

A symmetric I-section (with width of each flange = 50 mm, thickness of web

= 10 mm) of steel is subjected to a shear force of 100 kN. Find the magnitude of

the shear stress (in N/mm 2 ) in the web at its junction with the top flange.

250 MPa ) have the same

cross-section and end condition the ratio of bucking load of column P to that of

Two steel column P (length L and yield strength f y =

column Q is

(A) 0.5

(C) 2.0

YEAR 2013

(B) 1.0

(D) 4.0

 

TWO MARKS

2D stress at a point is given by a matrix

s

t

The maximum shear stress in MPa is

>

t

s

xy

yy

H

= >

100 30

30

H MPa

xx

yx

20

 

(A)

50

(B) 75

(C)

100

(D) 110

YEAR 2012

ONE MARK

The Poisson’s ratio is defined as axial stress

(A)

(C)

lateral stress lateral stress axial stress
lateral stress
lateral stress
axial stress

(B)

(D)

lateral strain axial strain axial strian laterial strain
lateral strain
axial strain
axial strian
laterial strain
 

The following statement are related to bending of beams

I. The slope of the bending moment diagram is equal to the shear force.

II. The slope of the shear force diagram is equal to the load intensity.

III. The slope of the curvature is equal to the flexural rotation

IV. The second derivative of the deflection is equal to the curvature.

The only FALSE statements is

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Q. 8

(A)

I

(B) II

(C)

III

(D) IV

The ratio of the theoretical critical buckling load for a column with fixed ends to that of another column with the same dimensions and material, but with pinned ends, is equal to

(A)

0.5

(B) 1.0

(C)

2.0

(D) 4.0

YEAR 2012

TWO MARKS

Q. 9

Q. 10

Q. 11

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The simply supported beam is subjected to a uniformly distributed load of

intensity w per unit length, on half of the span from one end. The length of the

span and the flexural stiffness are denoted as l and El respectively. The deflection

at mid-span of the beam is

(A)

(C)

5 wl

4

6144 El

5 wl

384 El

4

(B)

(D)

5

768

5

192

wl

4

El

wl

4

El

This sketch shows a column with a pin at the base and rollers at the top. It is

subjected to an axial force P

at R is/are.

and a moment M

at mid-height. The reaction(s)

and rollers at the top. It is subjected to an axial force P at R is/are.

(A)

a vertical force equal to P

(B)

a vertical force equal to P/2

(C)

a vertical force equal to P and a horizontal force equal to M/ h

(D)

a vertical force equal to P/2 and a horizontal force equal to M/ h

A symmetric frame PQR consists of two inclined members PQ and QR connected at ‘Q ’ with a rigid joint and hinged at ‘ P ’ and ‘ R ’. The horizontal length PR is l . If a weight W is suspended at Q , the bending moment at Q is

and ‘ R ’. The horizontal length PR is l . If a weight W is

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

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(A) Wl

2

(C)

Wl

8

YEAR 2011

(B) Wl

4

(D) zero

ONE MARK

Q. 12

Consider a simply supported beam with a uniformly distributed load having

a neutral axis (NA) as shown. For points P (on the neutral axis) and Q (at

the bottom of the beam) the state of stress is best represented by which of the following pairs ?

stress is best represented by which of the following pairs ? (A) (C) YEAR 2011 (B)
stress is best represented by which of the following pairs ? (A) (C) YEAR 2011 (B)
stress is best represented by which of the following pairs ? (A) (C) YEAR 2011 (B)
stress is best represented by which of the following pairs ? (A) (C) YEAR 2011 (B)
stress is best represented by which of the following pairs ? (A) (C) YEAR 2011 (B)

(A)

(C)

best represented by which of the following pairs ? (A) (C) YEAR 2011 (B) (D) TWO
best represented by which of the following pairs ? (A) (C) YEAR 2011 (B) (D) TWO

YEAR 2011

(B)

(D)

by which of the following pairs ? (A) (C) YEAR 2011 (B) (D) TWO MARKS Q.

TWO MARKS

Q. 13

For the cantilever bracket,

PQ = RS = L , and, QR = 2 L ), which of the following statements is FALSE ?

PQRS , loaded as shown in the adjoining figure (

is FALSE ? PQRS , loaded as shown in the adjoining figure ( (A) The portion
is FALSE ? PQRS , loaded as shown in the adjoining figure ( (A) The portion
is FALSE ? PQRS , loaded as shown in the adjoining figure ( (A) The portion

(A)

The portion RS has a constant twisting moment with a value of 2 WL .

(B)

The portion QR has a varying twisting moment with a maximum value of WL .

(C)

The portion PQ has a varying bending moment with a maximum value of WL .

(D)

The portion PQ has no twisting moment.

Statement for Linked Q. 14 and 15 :

A rigid beam is hinged at one end and supported on linear elastic springs (both

having a stiffness of ‘ k ’) at point ‘1’ and ‘2’, and an inclined load acts at ‘2’, as

shown.

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

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Q. 14

Q. 15

w w w . n o d i a . c o . i n Q.

Which of the following options represents the deflections d and d at points ‘1’ and ‘2’ ?

1

2

(A) d=

1

(C)

d=

1

2 2 P

b

c

5 k

2

5

l and

P

2 k

4 2 P

b

5 k

4

5

c

d=

2

m

and d=

2

l

P

2 k

m

(B)

(D)

d=

1

d=

1

2 P

b

5 k

2

5

c

l and

2 P

k

m

d=

2

4

5

b

and d=

2

P

k

4

5

l

c

2 P
2 P

k

m

If the load P equals 100 kN, which of the following options represents forces R 1

and R 2 in the springs at point ‘1’ and ‘2’?

(A) R

(C) R

1 =

1 =

20 kN

30 kN

and R

and R

2 =

2 =

40 kN

60 kN

(B) R

(D) R

1 =

1 =

50 kN

40 kN

and R

and R

2 =

2 =

50 kN

80 kN

YEAR 2010

ONE MARK

Q. 16

Q.

Q.

Q.

Q.

17

18

19

20

Two people weighing W each are sitting on a park of length L floating on water

at L /4 from either end. Neglecting the wright of the plank, the bending moment

at the centre of the plank is

(A)

WL

8

WL

32

(B)

(D) zero

WL

16

(C)

The major and minor principal stresses at a point are 3 MPa and -3 MPa respectively. The maximum shear stress at the point is

(A)

zero

(B) 3 MPa

(C)

6 MPa

(D) 9 MPa

The number of independent elastic constants for a linear elastic isotropic and homogeneous material is

(A)

4

(B) 3

(C)

2

(D)1

The effective length of a column of length L fixed against rotation and translation at one end is

(A)

0.5 L

(B) 0.7 L

(C)

1.414 L

(D) 2 L

A solid circular shaft of diameter d and length L is fixed at one end and free at the other end. A torque T is applied at the free end. The shear modulus of the material is G . The angle of twist at the free end is

(A)

(C)

TL

16

p d G

TL

4

64

4

p d G

(B)

(D)

32TL

4

p d G

128

TL

4

p d G

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

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YEAR 2010

TWO MARKS

Q. 21

Q. 22

For the simply supported beam of length L , subjected to a uniformly distributed moment M kN-m per unt length as shown in the figure, the bending moment (in kN-m) at the mid-span of beam is

the bending moment (in kN-m) at the mid-span of beam is (A) zero (B) M (C)

(A)

zero

(B) M

(C)

ML

(D) M/ L

A disc of radius r has a hole of radius r/2 cut-out as shown. The centroid of the remaining disc (shaded portion) at a radial distance from the centre “O ” is

portion) at a radial distance from the centre “ O ” is (A) (C) r /2

(A)

(C)

r/2

r/6

YEAR 2009

(B)

(D)

r/3

r/8

ONE MARK

Q.

Q.

23

24

A thin walled cylindrical pressure vessel having a radius of 0.5 m and wall

thickness of 25 mm is subjected to an internal pressure of 700 kPa. The hoop

stress developed is

(A)

0.14 MPa

(C)

14 MPa

(B) 1.4 MPa

(D) 0.014 MPa

The point within the cross sectional plane of a beam through which the resultant of the external loading on the beam has to pass through to ensure pure bending without twisting of the cross-section of the beam is called

(A)

moment centre

(C)

shear centre

YEAR 2009

(B) centroid

(D) elastic center

TWO MARKS

Q. 25

Consider the following statements :

1. On a principal plane, only normal stress acts.

2. On a principal plane, both normal and shear stresses act.

3. On a principal plane, only shear stress acts

4. Isothermal state of stress is independent of frame of reference.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ?

(A)

1 and 4

(B) 2 only

(C)

2 and 4

(D) 2 and 3

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Q. 26

A hollow circular shaft has an outer diameter of 100 mm and a wall thickness of 25 mm. The allowable shear stress in the shaft is 125 MPa. The maximum torque the shaft can transmit is

(A)

46 kNm

(B) 24.5 kNm

(C)

23 kNm

(D) 11.5 kNm

Q. 27

Match List-I (Shear Force Diagrams) beams with List-II (Diagram of beams with supports and loading) and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists :

(Diagram of beams with supports and loading) and select the correct answer by using the codes
(Diagram of beams with supports and loading) and select the correct answer by using the codes
(Diagram of beams with supports and loading) and select the correct answer by using the codes
(Diagram of beams with supports and loading) and select the correct answer by using the codes
(Diagram of beams with supports and loading) and select the correct answer by using the codes
(Diagram of beams with supports and loading) and select the correct answer by using the codes
(Diagram of beams with supports and loading) and select the correct answer by using the codes

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

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MATERIALS © w w w . n o d i a . c o . i

Codes :

 
 

a

b

c

d

(A)

3

1

2

4

(B)

3

4

2

1

(C)

2

1

4

3

(D)

2

4

3

1

Statement for Linked Q. 28 & 29 :

In the cantilever beam PQR shown in figure below, the segment PQ has flexural

rigidity EI and the segment QR has infinite flexural rigidity

Q.

Q.

28

29

the segment QR has infinite flexural rigidity Q. Q. 28 29 The deflection and slope of
the segment QR has infinite flexural rigidity Q. Q. 28 29 The deflection and slope of
the segment QR has infinite flexural rigidity Q. Q. 28 29 The deflection and slope of
the segment QR has infinite flexural rigidity Q. Q. 28 29 The deflection and slope of
the segment QR has infinite flexural rigidity Q. Q. 28 29 The deflection and slope of

The deflection and slope of the beam at Q are respectively

(A)

(C)

5

WL

EI

6

WL

2

3

EI

3

and

and

3 WL

2 EI

2

WL

EI

2

(B)

(D)

WL

3

WL

EI

3

3

3

EI

and

and

WL

2 EI

3 WL

2

2

2 EI

The deflection of the beam at R is

(A)

(C)

8

WL 3

7

EI

WL 3

3 EI

YEAR 2008

(B)

(D)

5

6

8

WL 3

EI

WL 3

6 EI

ONE MARK

Q. 30

A mild steel specimen is under uniaxial tensile stress. Young’s modulus and yield

stress for mild steel are 2

amount of strain energy per unit volume that can be stored in this specimen

without permanent set is (A) 156 Nmm/mm 3 (B) 15.6 Nmm/mm 3

# 10 5 MPa and 250 MPa respectively. The maximum

(C) 1.56 Nmm/mm 3

YEAR 2008

(D) 0.156 Nmm/mm 3

TWO MARKS

Q. 31

Cross-section of a column consisting to two steel strips, each of thickness t and width b is shown in the figure below. The critical loads of the column with perfect bond and without bond between the strips are P and P 0 respectively. The ratio P/ P 0 is

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Q. 32

Q. 33

Q. 34

w w . n o d i a . c o . i n Q. 32

(A)

2

(B) 4

(C)

6

(D) 8

A rigid bar GH of length L is supported by a hinge and a spring of stiffness K as shown in the figure below. The buckling load, P cr , for the bar will be

below. The buckling load, P c r , for the bar will be (A) 0.5 KL

(A) 0.5 KL

(C) 1.0 KL

(B) 0.8 KL

(D) 1.2 KL

The maximum shear stress in a solid shaft of circular cross-section having diameter

is t. If the torque is increased by four

d subjected to a subject to a torque T

times and the diameter of the shaft is increased by two times, the maximum shear

stress in the shaft will be

(A) 2t

(C) t/2

(B) t

(D) t/4

A vertical rod PQ of length L is fixed at its top end P and has a flange fixed to the bottom end Q . A weight W is dropped vertically from a height h (< L ) on to the flange. The axial stress in the rod can be reduced by

(A)

increasing the length of the rod

(B)

decreasing the length of the rod

(C)

decreasing the area of cross-section of the rod

(D)

increasing the modulus of elasticity of the material

Q. 35

The maximum tensile stress at the section X - X shown in the figure below is

8 P 6 P (A) (B) bd bd 4 P 2 P (C) (D) bd
8 P
6 P
(A)
(B)
bd
bd
4 P
2 P
(C)
(D)
bd
bd

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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Q. 36

Q.

Q.

37

38

The stepped cantilever is subjected to moments, M as shown in the figure below. The vertical deflection at the free end (neglecting the self weight) is

ML 2 (A) 8 EI ML 2 (C) 4 EI
ML 2
(A)
8 EI
ML 2
(C)
4 EI

ML 2 (B) 4 EI

(D) Zero

Statement for Linked Q. 37 and 38 : Beam GHI is supported by three pontoons
Statement for Linked Q. 37 and 38 :
Beam GHI is supported by three pontoons as shown in the figure below. The
horizontal cross-sectional area of each pontoon is 8 m 2 , the flexural rigidity of the
beam is 10000 kNm 2 and the unit weight of water is 10 kNm 3
When the middle pontoon is removed, the deflection at H will be
(A)
0.2 m
(B) 0.4 m
(C)
0.6 m
(D) 0.8 m
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When the middle pontoon is brought back to its position as shown in the figure above, the reaction at H will be

(A)

8.6 kN

(B) 15.7 kN

(C)

19.2 kN

(D) 24.2 kN

YEAR 2007

ONE MARK

Q.

39

An axially loaded bar is subjected to a normal stress os 173 MPa. The stress in the bar is

(A)

75 MPa

(B) 86.5 MPa

(C)

100 MPa

(D) 122.3 MPa

Q.

40

A steel column, pinned at both end, has a buckling load of 200 kN. If the column

is restrained against lateral movement at its mid-height, it buckling load will be

(A)

200 kN

(B) 283 kN

(C)

400 kN

(D) 800 kN

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Q. 41

For an isotropic material, the relationship between the Young’s modulus (E), shear modulus (G) and Poisson’s ratio (m ) is given by

(A) G =

E

2 ( 1

+

E

m

)

(

1

+

2m

)

(B)

(D)

E =

G =

E

2 ( 1

+

E

m

)

21 (

-

2m

)

(C) G =

YEAR 2007

TWO MARKS

Q. 42

Q. 43

Q. 44

Q. 45

A metal bar of length 100 mm is inserted between two rigid supports and its

temperature is increased by 10 cC. If the coefficient of thermal expansion is

# 10 5 MPa, the stress in the bar

12

- 6

# 10

c

per C and the Young’s modulus is 2

is

(A) zero

(C) 24 MPa

(B) 12 MPa

(D) 2400 MPa

A rigid bar is suspended by three rods made of the same material as shown in the

figure. The area and length of the central rod are 3 A and L , respectively while

that of the two outer rods are 2 A and 2 L , respectively. If a downward force of

50

rods will be

(A)

(C)

kN is applied to the rigid bar, the forces in the central and each of the outer

16.67 kN each

30 kN and 10 kN

(B) 30 kN and 15 kN

(D) 21.4 kN and 14.3 kN

The maximum and minimum shear stresses in a hollow circular shaft of outer

diameter 20 mm and thickness 2 mm, subjected to a torque of 92.7 Nm will be

and thickness 2 mm, subjected to a torque of 92.7 Nm will be (A) (C) 59
and thickness 2 mm, subjected to a torque of 92.7 Nm will be (A) (C) 59
and thickness 2 mm, subjected to a torque of 92.7 Nm will be (A) (C) 59

(A)

(C)

59 MPa and 47.2 MPa

118 MPa and 160 MPa

(B) 100 MPa and 80 MPa

(D) 200 MPa and 160 MPa

The shear stress at the neutral axis in a beam of triangular section with a base of

40 mm and height 20 mm, subjected to a shear force of 3 kN is

(A)

3 MPa

(B) 6 MPa

(C)

10 MPa

(D) 20 MPa

Q.

46 U 1 and U 2 are the strain energies stored in a prismatic bar due to axial tensile forces P 1 and P 2 , respectively. The strain energy U stored in the same bar due to combined action of P 1 and P 2 will be

(A) UUU

(C) UUU<

=

1

1

+

+

2

2

(B) U =

(D) UUU>

UU 1 2

1

+

2

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YEAR 2006

ONE MARK

Q. 47

Q. 48

Q. 49

>

30

0

0

30

H

Mohr’s circle for the state of stress defined by (A) centre at (0, 0) and radius 30 MPa

(C)

MPa is a circle with

(B) centre at (0, 0) and radius 60 MPa

centre at (30, 0) and radius 30 MPa (D) centre at (30, 0) and zero radius

A long shaft of diameter d is subjected to twisting moment T at its ends. The maximum normal stress acting at its cross-section is equal to

(A) zero

T

(C)

32

p

3

d

The buckling load P =

becomes a p

2 EI

L

2

32 p 3 d The buckling load P = becomes a p 2 EI L 2
32 p 3 d The buckling load P = becomes a p 2 EI L 2

P cr

Where a is equal to

(A) 0.25

(C) 2.05

YEAR 2006

(B)

(D

16T

d

64T

p

3

p

3

d

for the column AB in figure, as K T approaches infinity,

(B) 1.00

(D) 4.00

TWO MARKS

Q. 50

Q. 51

A thin-walled long cylindrical tank is inside radius r is subjected simultaneously to internal gas pressure p and axial compressive force F at its ends. In order to

produce ‘pure shear’ state of stress in the wall of the cylinder, F should be equal to

(A) p

(C) 3 p

p

r

p

2

r

2

(B) 2 p

(D) 4 p

p

p

r 2

r 2

Consider the beam AB shown in the figure below. Part AC of the beam is rigid while Part CB has the flexural rigidity EI . Identify the correct combination of deflection at end B and bending moment at end A, respectively

3 PL (A) , 2 PL 3 EI 3 8 PL (C) ,2 PL 3
3
PL
(A)
, 2 PL
3 EI
3
8 PL
(C)
,2 PL
3 EI

(B)

(D)

PL

EI

3

PL

8

EI

3

3

, PL

3

, PL

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Q. 52

A simply supported beam AB has the bending moment diagram as shown in the following figure.

the bending moment diagram as shown in the following figure. The beam is possibly under the
the bending moment diagram as shown in the following figure. The beam is possibly under the

The beam is possibly under the action of following loads

Q. 53

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Couples of M at C and 2M at D

Couples of 2M at C and M at D

Concentrated loads of M/L at C and 2M/L at D

Concentrated load of M/L at C and couple of 2M at D

A beam with the cross-section given is subjected to a positive bending moment

(causing compression at the top) of 16 kNm acting around the horizontal axis.

The tensile force acting on the hatched area of the cross-section is

force acting on the hatched area of the cross-section is (A) zero (B) 5.9 kN (C)
force acting on the hatched area of the cross-section is (A) zero (B) 5.9 kN (C)
force acting on the hatched area of the cross-section is (A) zero (B) 5.9 kN (C)
force acting on the hatched area of the cross-section is (A) zero (B) 5.9 kN (C)
force acting on the hatched area of the cross-section is (A) zero (B) 5.9 kN (C)
force acting on the hatched area of the cross-section is (A) zero (B) 5.9 kN (C)
force acting on the hatched area of the cross-section is (A) zero (B) 5.9 kN (C)

(A)

zero

(B) 5.9 kN

(C)

8.9 kN

(D) 17.8 kN

Q. 54

Q. 55

If a beam of rectangular cross-section is subjected to a vertical shear force V , the shear force carried by the upper one-third of the cross-section is

(A) zero

(B)

7

V

27

(C)

V

8

27

(D) V

3

For the section shown below, second moment of the area about an axis d/4 distance above the bottom of the area is

about an axis d /4 distance above the bottom of the area is (A) b d

(A) bd 48 3

(C)

3

bd

7

48

an axis d /4 distance above the bottom of the area is (A) b d 4

3

(B) bd

12

(D) bd

3

3

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Q. 56

I -section of a beam is formed by gluing wooden planks as shown in the figure below. If this beam transmits a constant vertical shear force of 3000 N, the glue at any of the four joint will be subjected to a shear force (in kN per meter length) of

be subjected to a shear force (in kN per meter length) of (A) (C) 3.0 8.0

(A)

(C)

3.0

8.0

(B) 4.0

(D) 10.7

Common Data For Q. 57 and 58 :

Consider a propped cantilever beam ABC under two leads of magnitude P each

as shown in the figure below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI .

Q.

Q.

57

58

below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at
below. Flexural rigidity of the beam is EI . Q. Q. 57 58 The reaction at

The reaction at C is

(A)

(C)

Pa

9

L

16

Pa

9

L

8

(

(

)

upwards

)

upwards

The rotation at B is

(A)

(C)

PLa

5

(

PLa

EI

16

59

EI

16

clockwise )

(

)

clockwise

YEAR 2005

(B)

(D)

(B)

(D)

Pa

9

L

16

Pa

9

L

8

(

(

)

downwards

downwards )

PLa

5

(

PLa

EI

16

59

EI

16

anticlockwise )

(

anticlockwise )

ONE MARK

Q. 59

The symmetry of stress tensor at a point in the body under equilibrium is obtained from

(A)

conserved of mass

(B)

force equilibrium equations

(C)

moment equilibrium equations

(D)

conservation of energy

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Q. 60

The components of strain tensor at a point in the plane strain case can be obtained by measuring longitudinal strain in following directions

(A)

along any two arbitrary directions

(B)

along any three arbitrary directions

(C)

along two mutually orthogonal directions

(D)

along any arbitrary direction

YEAR 2005

TWO MARKS

Q. 61

Q. 62

If principal stresses in a two-dimensional case are -10 MPa and 20 MPa respectively, then maximum shear stress at the point is

(A)

(C)

10 MPa

20 MPa

(B) 15 MPa

(D) 30 MPa

The bending moment diagram for a beam is given below :

MPa The bending moment diagram for a beam is given below : The shear force at
MPa The bending moment diagram for a beam is given below : The shear force at
MPa The bending moment diagram for a beam is given below : The shear force at

The shear force at sections aal and bbl respectively are of the magnitude

Q. 63

(A)

(C)

100 kN, 150 kN

zero, 50 kN

(B) zero, 100 kN

(D) 100 kN, 100 kN

A circular shaft shown in the figure is subjected to torsion T at two point A and B. The torsional rigidity of portions CA and BD is GJ 1 and that of portion AB

is

is GJ 2 . The rotations of shaft at points A and B are q

1

and q . The rotation q

2

1

TL (A) (B) GJ TL GJ + GJ 1 2 1 TL (C) (D) GJ
TL
(A)
(B) GJ TL
GJ
+ GJ
1
2
1
TL
(C)
(D) GJ
GJ TL 2
- GJ
1
2

YEAR 2004

ONE MARK

Q. 64

For linear elastic systems, the type of displacement function for the strain energy is

(A)

linear

(B) quadratic

(C)

cubic

(D) quartic

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TWO MARKS

Q. 65

Q. 66

Q. 67

Q. 68

In a two dimensional stress analysis, the state of stress at a point is shown below.

If s = 120 MPa and t = 70 MPa,
If s = 120 MPa and t = 70 MPa,

s

x

and

s , are respectively,

y

(A)

(C)

26.7 MPa and 172.5 MPa

67.5 MPa and 213.3 MPa

(B) 54 MPa and 128 MPa

(D) 16 MPa and 138 MPa

For the linear elastic beam shown in the figure, the flexural rigidity, EI is

at A is 50 kN. The

781250 kNm 2 . When w = 10 kN/m, the vertical reaction R

value of R A for w = 100 kN/m is

A

reaction R value of R A for w = 100 kN/m is A (A) 500 kN

(A) 500 kN

(C) 250 kN

(B) 425 kN

(D) 75 kN

A homogeneous, simply supported prismatic beam of width B , depth D and span

L is subjected to a concentrated load of magnitude P . The load can be placed

anywhere along the span of the beam. The maximum flexural stress developed in beam is

(A)

2

PL

3

4

BD

2

PL

3

BD

2

(B)

(D)

3

PL

4

3

BD

2

PL

2

BD

2

(C)

A circular solid shaft of span L = 5 m is fixed at one end and free at other end.

A twisting moment T = 100 kNm is applied at the free end. The torsional rigidity

2

GH is 50000 kNm /rad . Following statements are made for this shaft :

1. The maximum rotation is 0.01 rad

2. The torsional strain energy is 1 kNm

With reference to the above statements, which of the following applies ?

(A)

Both statements are true

(B)

Statement 2 is true but 2 is false

(C)

Statement 2 is true but 1 is false

(D)

Both the statements are false

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Common Data For Q. 69 and 70 :

A three-span continuous beam has an internal hinge at B. Section B is at the

mid-span of AC. Section E is at the mid-span of CG. The 20 kN load is applied

at section B whereas 10 kN loads are applied at sections D and F as shown in the

figure. Span GH is subjected to uniformly distributed load of magnitude 5 kN/m. For the loading shown, shear force immediate to the right of section E is 9.84 kN upwards and the hogging moment at section E is 10.31 kNm

Q. 69

Q. 70

and the hogging moment at section E is 10.31 kNm Q. 69 Q. 70 The magnitude
and the hogging moment at section E is 10.31 kNm Q. 69 Q. 70 The magnitude
and the hogging moment at section E is 10.31 kNm Q. 69 Q. 70 The magnitude
and the hogging moment at section E is 10.31 kNm Q. 69 Q. 70 The magnitude
and the hogging moment at section E is 10.31 kNm Q. 69 Q. 70 The magnitude
and the hogging moment at section E is 10.31 kNm Q. 69 Q. 70 The magnitude
and the hogging moment at section E is 10.31 kNm Q. 69 Q. 70 The magnitude

The magnitude of the shear force immediate to the left and immediate to the

right of section B are respectively

(A) 0 and 20 kN

(B) 10 kN and 10 kN

(C) 20 kN and 0

(D)

9.84 kN and 10.16 kN

The vertical reaction at support H is

(A) 15 kN upward

(B)

(C)

(D)

9.84 kN upward 15 kN downward

9.84 kN downward

YEAR 2003

ONE MARK

Q. 71

A bar of varying square cross-section is loaded symmetrically as shown in the figure. Loads shown are placed on one of the axes of symmetry of cross-section. Ignoring self weight, the maximum tensile stress in N/mm 2 anywhere is

self weight, the maximum tensile stress in N/mm 2 anywhere is (A) 16.0 (B) 20.0 (C)

(A)

16.0

(B) 20.0

(C)

25.0

(D) 30.0

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Q. 72

A curved member with a straight vertical leg is carrying a vertical load at Z , as shown in the figure. The stress resultants in the XY segment are

in the figure. The stress resultants in the XY segment are (A) (B) (C) (D) axial

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) axial force only

bending moment, shear force and axial force

bending moment and axial force only

bending moment and shear force only

YEAR 2003

TWO MARKS

Q. 73

Q. 74

The state of two dimensional stresses acting on a concrete lamina consists of a

direct tensile stress,

t = 1.20 N/mm 2 , which

cause cracking of concrete. Then the tensile strength of the concrete in N/mm 2 is

2

s = 1.5 N/mm , and shear stress,

x

(A) 1.50

(B) 2.08

(C) 2.17

(D) 2.29

A " H" shaped frame of uniform flexural rigidity EI

figure. The relative outward displacement between points K and O is

is located as shown in the

RLh 2 (A) EI 2 RL h (B) EI 2 RLh (C) 3 EI 2
RLh 2
(A)
EI
2
RL h
(B)
EI
2
RLh
(C)
3 EI
2
RL h
(D)
3 EI

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Q. 75

Q. 76

A simply supported beam of uniform rectangular cross-section of width b and depth h is subjected to linear temperature gradient 0 c at the top and T c at the bottom, as shown in the figure. The coefficient of linear expansion of the beam material is a. The resulting vertical deflection at the mid-span of the beam is

resulting vertical deflection at the mid-span of the beam is (A) (B) (C) (D) 2 a
resulting vertical deflection at the mid-span of the beam is (A) (B) (C) (D) 2 a

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

2

a Th

8 L

a TL

2

8 h

2

a Th

8 L

a TL

2

8 h

upward

upward

downward

downward

h 2 a Th 8 L a TL 2 8 h upward upward downward downward List

List I shows different loads acting on a beam and List II shows different bending

moment distributions. Match the load with the corresponding bending moment

diagram.

the load with the corresponding bending moment diagram. Codes :   A B C D (A)

Codes :

 

A

B

C

D

(A)

4

2

1

3

(B)

5

4

1

3

(C)

2

5

3

1

(D)

2

4

1

3

C D (A) 4 2 1 3 (B) 5 4 1 3 (C) 2 5 3
C D (A) 4 2 1 3 (B) 5 4 1 3 (C) 2 5 3
C D (A) 4 2 1 3 (B) 5 4 1 3 (C) 2 5 3
C D (A) 4 2 1 3 (B) 5 4 1 3 (C) 2 5 3

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Q. 77

A long structural column (length= L ) with both ends hinged is acted upon by an axial compressive load, P . The differential equation governing the bending of column is given by :

EI

2

d y

2

dx

=- Py

Where y is the structural lateral deflection and EI is the flexural rigidity. The first critical load on column responsible for its buckling is given by

(A)

(C)

2

p EI

L

2

2 p EI

L

2

2

YEAR 2002

(B)

(D)

2 2 p EI 2 L 2 4 p EI 2 L
2
2
p
EI
2
L
2
4 p EI
2
L

ONE MARK

Q. 78

Q. 79

The shear modulus ^G h , modulus of elasticity ^E h

a material are related as

(A)

G

6

^

2

E

1 + v

h@

=

(B)

E =

(C)

G

=

6

^

2

E

1 - v

h@

(D)

G =

and the Poisson’s ratio ^v h of

6

6

G

2 1 + v

E

v -

1

2

^

^

h@

h@

For the loading given in the figure below, two statements (I and II) are made

in the figure below, two statements (I and II) are made I. Memeber AB carries shear

I. Memeber AB carries shear force and bending moment

II. Member BC carries axial load and shear force

Which of these statement is true?

(A)

Statement I True but II is False

(B) Statement I is False but II is True

(C)

Both statement I and II are True

(D) Both statement I and II are False

YEAR 2002

TWO MARKS

Q. 80

In the propped cantilever beam carrying a uniformly distributed load of w N/m, shown in the following figure, the reaction at the support B is

5 (A) wL 8 1 (C) wL 2
5
(A)
wL
8
1
(C)
wL
2

(B)

(D)

3

8

3

4

wL

wL

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ONE MARK

Q. 81

The bending moment (in kNm units) at the mid span location X in the beam with overhangs shown below is equal to

(A) 0
(A)
0

(C) –15

z

(B) –10

(D) –20

**********

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ANSWER KEY

 

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

(A)

(A)

71.12

(D)

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(B)

(C)

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

(D)

(A)

(B)

(B)

(D)

(D)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(B)

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

(A)

(C)

(A)

(C)

(A)

(C)

(A)

(A)

(A)

(D)

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

(B)

(C)

(C)

(A)

(A)

(C)

(B)

(C)

(B)

(D)

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

(A)

(C)

(C)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(D)

(A)

(D)

(C)

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

(A)

(A)

(C)

(B)

(C)

(B)

(C)

(A)

(C)

(B)

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

(B)

(C)

(B)

(B)

(C)

(B)

(D)

(B)

(A)

(B)

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80

(C)

(D)

(C)

(A)

(D)

(D)

(A)

(A)

(A)

(B)

81

                 

(C)