14 views

Uploaded by Sandeep yadav

Sy

- lecture_5_arches.pdf
- JEE-Main
- Roth, 2014. Rules of Bending
- Final Review C
- ejercicios 21
- Fast Poisson
- proj4-3A
- BStat BMath UGA Odd 2015
- Math review
- 18_032006L06
- Chapter0a
- Maths in Focus - Margaret Grove - ch6
- 443
- SPM Sabah Addmath P2 2010 Q n A
- TRIAL ADDMATE SPM 2010 Pahang Paper 2 Answer
- 1201 Complex Fourier Series
- Fast Sine Cosine
- Fourier Worksheets Feedback
- June 2014 (IAL) MS - C12 Edexcel.pdf
- JRProg-Yr12-3u-2010

You are on page 1of 37

Physical Constants

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

CBSE UGC- JRF/NET

ARS NET

FOR BEST STUDY MATERIAL AND SOLUTIONS

-7696180020/ 9041733378

- satgurenv@gmail.com

Table of Contents

TOPIC PAGE

SI Multiples ......................................................................................... 1

Thermodynamics.................................................................................21

Electricity ............................................................................................30

Names in the Metric System

9

1 000 000 000 10 G giga

6

1 000 000 10 M mega

3

1 000 10 k kilo

2

100 10 h hecto

1

10 10 da deca

0.1 10-1 d deci

0.01 10-2 c centi

0.001 10-3 m milli

0.000 001 10-6 micro

0.000 000 001 10-9 n nano

0.000 000 000 001 10-12 p pico

To

To To To Metre, To To To

Milli- Centi- Deci- Gram, Deca- Hecto- Kilo-

Litre

6 5 4 3 2 1

Kilo- x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10

5 4 3 2 1 -1

Hecto- x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10

4 3 2 1 -1 -2

Deca- x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10

To Convert

Metre,

3 2 1 -1 -2 -3

Gram, x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10

Litre

2 1 -1 -2 -3 -4

Deci- x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10

1 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5

Centi- x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10

-1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6

Milli- x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10

BASIC UNITS

SI IMPERIAL

DISTANCE

1 metre (1 m) = 10 decimetres (10 dm) 12 in. = 1 ft

= 100 centimetres (100 cm) 3 ft = 1 yd

= 1000 millimetres (1000 mm) 5280 ft = 1 mile

1760 yd = 1 mile

1 decametre (1 dam) = 10 m

1 hectometre (1 hm) = 100 m

1 kilometre (1 km) = 1000 m

Conversions:

1 in. = 25.4 mm

1 ft = 30.48 cm

1 mile = 1.61 km

1 yd = 0.914 m

1m = 3.28 ft

Area

= 1 000 000 mm2 1 yd2 = 9 ft2

1 sq mile = 640 acre = 1 section

1 sq hectometre (1 hm2) = 10 000 m2

= 1 hectare (1 ha)

Conversions:

1 m2 = 10.8 ft2

1 acre = 0.405 ha

1 sq mile = 2.59 km2

SI IMPERIAL

Volume

= 1 x 109 mm3 1 yd3 = 27 ft3

1 litre = 1000 cm3 = 4 (liquid) quarts

1 mL = 1 cm3 1 U.S. barrel (bbl) = 42 U.S. gal.

1 m3 = 1000 litres 1 imperial gallon = 1.2 U.S. gal.

Conversions:

1 m3 = 35.3 ft3

1 litre = 61 in.3

1 U.S.gal = 3.78 litres

1 U.S. bbl = 159 litres

1 litre/s = 15.9 U.S. gal/min

1000 kg = 1 tonne 1 long ton = 2240 lb

Conversions:

Density

mass weight

mass density weight density

volume volume

m kg w lb

V m3 V ft 3

Conversions:

kg

(on Earth) a mass density of 1 results in a weight density of 0.0623 lb

m3 ft3

SI Imperial

RELATIVE DENSITY

In SI R.D. is a comparison of mass density In Imperial the corresponding quantity is

to a standard. For solids and liquids the specific gravity; for solids and liquids a

standard is fresh water. comparison of weight density to that of

water.

Conversions:

hold for R.D. as for S.G. since

these are equivalent ratios.

Water (sea average) .... 1.03 Nickel ......................... 8.6

Aluminum................... 2.56 Oil (linseed) ................ 0.94

Antimony .................... 6.70 Oil (olive) ................... 0.92

Bismuth....................... 9.80 Oil (petroleum) ........... 0.76-0.86

Brass ........................... 8.40 Oil (turpentine) ........... 0.87

Brick ........................... 2.1 Paraffin ....................... 0.86

Calcium....................... 1.58 Platinum .................... 21.5

Carbon (diamond)....... 3.4 Sand (dry) ................... 1.42

Carbon (graphite)........ 2.3 Silicon ......................... 2.6

Carbon (charcoal) ....... 1.8 Silver......................... 10.57

Chromium................... 6.5 Slate ............................ 2.1-2.8

Clay............................. 1.9 Sodium ........................ 0.97

Coal............................. 1.36-1.4 Steel (mild) ................. 7.87

Cobalt ......................... 8.6 Sulphur ....................... 2.07

Copper ........................ 8.77 Tin............................... 7.3

Cork ............................ 0.24 Tungsten ................... 19.1

Glass (crown).............. 2.5 Wood (ash) ................. 0.75

Glass (flint) ................. 3.5 Wood (beech) ............. 0.7-0.8

Gold .......................... 19.3 Wood (ebony) ............. 1.1-1.2

Iron (cast).................... 7.21 Wood (elm) ................. 0.66

Iron (wrought) ............ 7.78 Wood (lignum-vitae) .. 1.3

Lead .......................... 11.4 Wood (oak) ................. 0.7-1.0

Magnesium ................. 1.74 Wood (pine) ................ 0.56

Manganese .................. 8.0 Wood (teak) ................ 0.8

Mercury .................... 13.6 Zinc ............................. 7.0

Greek Alphabet

Beta Kappa Sigma

Gamma Lambda Tau

Delta Mu Upsilon

Epsilon Nu Phi

Zeta Xi Kai

Eta Omicron Psi

Theta Pi Omega

MATHEMATICAL FORMULAE

Algebra

1. Expansion Formulae

(x + y)2 = x2 + 2xy + y2

(x - y)2 = x2 - 2xy + y2

x2 - y2 = (x - y) (x + y)

x3 + y3 = (x + y) (x2 - xy + y2)

x3 - y3 = (x - y) (x2 + xy + y2)

2. Quadratic Equation

If ax2 + bx + c = 0,

x = - b b 4ac

2

Then

2a

Trigonometry

1. Basic Ratios

y x y

Sin A , cos A , tan A

h h x

2. Pythagoras' Law

x2 + y2 = h2

4. Solution of Triangles

a. Sine Law

a b c

Sin A Sin B Sin C

b. Cosine Law

c2 = a2 + b2 - 2 ab Cos C

a2 = b2 + c2 - 2 bc Cos A

b2 = a2 + c2 - 2 ac Cos B

Geometry

1. Areas of Triangles

a. All Triangles

Area

2

2 2 2

and,

Area s (s - a) (s - b) (s - c)

abc

where, s is half the sum of the sides, or s =

2

b. Equilateral Triangles

2. Circumference of a Circle

C = d

3. Area of a Circle

Circumference x = d 2

A = r2 = = 0.7854d2

r2 4

arc x r

A= 2

x r 2 ( = angle in degrees)

A=

360

2

r ( = angle in radians)

A=

2

5. Area of a Segment of a Circle

d

Also approximate area = 4 h 2 - 0.608

3 h

6. Ellipse

A = Dd

4

D d

Approx. circumference =

2

7. Area of Trapezoid

ab

A= h

2

8. Area of Hexagon

9. Area of Octagon

10. Sphere

4

Volume V = r3

3

Volume2 of segment

h

Vs = 3 (3r h)

V = h(h2 + 3a2) where a = radius of segment base

s

6

11. Volume of a Cylinder

V = d 2 L where L is cylinder length

4

12. Pyramid

Volume

1

V = base area x perpendicular height

3

Volume of frustum

h

VF = (A a Aa ) where h is the perpendicular height, A and a are areas as shown

3

13. Cone

DL

A=

2

(D d)L

AF =

2

Volume of cone:

V= 3

Volume of frustum:

perpendicular height (R2 + r2 + Rr)

VF =

3

APPLIED MECHANICS

displacement

Velocity - vector property equal to

time

In SI the basic unit is m, in Imperial ft

s s

Other common units are km, mi

h h

m ft

Conversions: 1 3.28

s s

km mi

1 0.621

h h

Speed of sound in dry air is 331 at 0C and increases by about 0.61 m for each C

m

s s

rise

change in velocity

Acceleration - vector property equal to

time

m ft

In SI the basic unit is , in Imperial

2

s s2

m ft

Conversion: 1 = 3.28

s2 s2

m ft

Acceleration due to gravity, symbol "g", is 9.81 or 32.2

2

s s2

LINEAR VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION

u initial velocity v= u + at

v final velocity

s = v+ u t

t elapsed time 2

s displacement s = ut + 1 at2

a acceleration 2

v2 = u2 + 2 as

angular velocity (radians/s); 1 = initial, 2 = final

angular acceleration (radians/s2)

2 = 1 + t

= 1 + 2 x t

2

= 1 t + t2

22 = 12 +

linear displacement, s = r

linear velocity, v = r

linear, or tangential acceleration, aT = r

Tangential, Centripetal and Total Acceleration

aT = r

ac = v2/r = r 2

Total acceleration, a, of a rotating point experiencing angular acceleration is the vector sum

of aT and ac

a = aT + ac

FORCE

Vector quantity, a push or pull which changes the shape and/or motion of an object

kg m

In SI the unit of force is the newton, N, defined as a

s2

In Imperial the unit of force is the pound lb

Weight

The gravitational force of attraction between a mass, m, and the mass of the Earth

In Imperial, the mass of an object (rarely used), in slugs, can be calculated from the known

weight in pounds

m=

Weight g = 32.2 ft

g

s2

Newton's Second Law of Motion

F = ma (Imperial F = w

g a, where w is weight)

Torque Equation

and is the angular acceleration in radians/s2

Momentum

p = mv (Imperial p = w

g v, where w is weight)

kg m

in SI unit is s

Work

Scalar quantity, equal to the (vector) product of a force and the displacement of an object. In

simple systems, where W is work, F force and s distance

W=Fs

1 J = 1 Nm

Energy

Energy is the ability to do work, the units are the same as for work; J, kJ, and ft-lb

Kinetic Energy

E = 1 mv2

k

2

In Imperial this is usually expressed as E = w v2 where w is weight

k

2g

1

E R mk 2 2 where k is radius of gyration, is angular velocity in rad/s

2

or

1 2

E R I where I = mk2 is the moment of inertia

2

2

F = mv where r is the radius

C

r

or

2

FC = m r where is angular velocity in rad/s

Potential Energy

Ep = m g h

In Imperial this is usually expressed Ep = w h where w is weight, and h is height above some

specified datum

Thermal Energy

In SI the common units of thermal energy are J, and kJ, (and kJ/kg for specific quantities)

In Imperial, the units of thermal energy are British Thermal Units (Btu)

1 Btu = 778 ft-lb

Electrical Energy

In SI the units of electrical energy are J, kJ and kilowatt hours kWh. In Imperial, the unit of

electrical energy is the kWh

1 kWh = 3412 Btu = 2.66 x 106 ft-lb

Power

1 W = 1 sJ

s

s

Electrical Power - W, kW, or h.p.

1 h.p. = 550 ft s lb

1 kW = 0.948 Btu

s

Pressure

1 Pa = 1 N

m2

In Imperial, the basic unit is the pound per square inch, psi

Atmospheric Pressure

Pressure Conversions

Pressure may be expressed in standard units, or in units of static fluid head, in both SI and

Imperial systems

1 kPa = 4.02 in. water = 102 mm water

1 psi = 2.03 in. mercury = 51.7 mm mercury

1 psi = 27.7 in. water = 703 mm water

1 m H2O = 9.81 kPa

1 kg/cm2 = 98.1 kPa = 14.2 psi = 0.981 bar

1 atmosphere (atm) = 101.3 kPa = 14.7 psi

Simple Harmonic Motion

m

Velocity of P = R2-x2

s

Acceleration of P = 2 x m/s2

The period or time of a complete oscillation = seconds

General formula for the period of S.H.M.

displacement

T =

acceleration

Simple Pendulum

L

T = T = period or time in seconds for a double swing

g

L = length in metres

Lifting Machines

M.A. = load W

=

effort F

effort distance

V.R. (velocity ratio) =

load distance

M.A.

= efficiency =

V.R.

1. Lifting Blocks

R

Velocity ratio =

(r - r1 )

2

= 2R

2R

r - r1

2D

Velocity ratio =

(d - d1 )

3. Inclined Plane

length

V.R. =

height

4. Screw Jack

circumference of leverage

V.R. =

pitch of thread

Indicated Power

Pa, A is piston area in m2, L is length of stroke in m and N is number of

power strokes per second

Brake Power

velocity in radian/second

area A

extension

Direct strain = =

original length L

Modulus of elasticity

direct strain / L A

force

Shear stress = area under shear

Shear strain = x

L

Modulus of rigidity

strain

General Torsion Equation (Shafts of circular cross-section)

T = = G

J r L

4 d 4 J = polar second moment of area of cross-section

J r about shaft axis.

2 32 = shear stress at outer fibres in pascals

r = radius of shaft in metres

2. For Hollow Shaft G = modulus of rigidity in pascals

= angle of twist in radians

J (r14 - r 42 ) L = length of shaft in metres

2 d = diameter of shaft in metres

4

(d 1 d 4 2)

32

M== E

I y R

1. For Rectangle

I = second moment of area in m4

= bending stress at outer fibres in pascals

y = distance from centroid to outer fibres in metres

E = modulus of elasticity in pascals

R = radius of currative in metres

3

BD

I = 12

I = D

4

64

THERMODYNAMICS

Temperature Scales

5 9

C ( F 32) F = C 32

9 5

Q = mcT

m is mass

c is specific heat

T is temperature change

Latent Heat

Latent heat of steam from and at 100C = 2257 kJ/kg

1 tonne of refrigeration = 335 000 kJ/day

= 233 kJ/min

Gas Laws

1. Boyles Law

PV = constant or

P1V1 = P2V2

2. Charles Law

V

When gas pressure is constant, constant

T

V1 V2

or = , where V is volume and T is absolute temperature

T1 T2

3. Gay-Lussac's Law

P

When gas volume is constant, constant

T

P1 P2

Or , where P is absolute pressure and T is absolute temperature

T1 T2

P1V1 P2V2

= = constant

T1 T2

V = volume (m3)

T = absolute temp (K)

m = mass (kg)

R = characteristic constant (kJ/kgK)

Also

V = volume (m3)

T = absolute temperature K

N = the number of kmoles of gas

Ro = the universal gas constant 8.314 kJ/kmol/K

Constant Pressure Constant Volume Heats

kJ/kgK kJ/kgK = cp / cv

GAS or or

o o

kJ/kg C kJ/kg C

Ammonia 2.060 1.561 1.32

Carbon Dioxide 0.825 0.630 1.31

Carbon Monoxide 1.051 0.751 1.40

Helium 5.234 3.153 1.66

Hydrogen 14.235 10.096 1.41

Hydrogen Sulphide 1.105 0.85 1.30

Methane 2.177 1.675 1.30

Nitrogen 1.043 0.745 1.40

Oxygen 0.913 0.652 1.40

Sulphur Dioxide 0.632 0.451 1.40

Efficiency of Heat Engines

T1 T2

Carnot Cycle = where T1 and T2 are absolute temperatures of heat source and

T1

sink

1. Spark Ignition Gas and Oil Engines (Constant Volume Cycle or Otto Cycle)

1 cylinder volume

1- ( -1)

where rv = compression ratio =

rv clearance volume

=

specific heat (constant volume)

2. Diesel Cycle

rv -1 (R -1)

R = ratio of cut-off volume to clearance volume

1- k -1

rv -1

(k -1) k( -1)

cylinder volume

Where rv =

clearance volume

k=

absolute pressue at beginning of constant V combustion

=

clearance volume

Heat Transfer by Conduction

Q = AtT

d

where Q = heat transferred in joules

= thermal conductivity or coeficient of heat

transfer in J m or W

m2 s C m C

2

A = area in m

t = time in seconds

T = temperature difference between surfaces in C

d = thickness of layer in m

Material Coefficient of

Thermal Conductivity

W/m C

Air 0.025

Aluminum 206

Brass 104

Brick 0.6

Concrete 0.85

Copper 380

Cork 0.043

Felt 0.038

Glass 1.0

Glass, fibre 0.04

Iron, cast 70

Plastic, cellular 0.04

Steel 60

Wood 0.15

Wallboard, paper 0.076

Thermal Expansion of Solids

where L = original length

= coefficient of linear expansion

(T2 T1 ) = rise in temperature

Where V = original volume

= coefficient of volumetric expansion

(T2 T1 ) = rise in temperature

=

Chemical Heating Value of a Fuel

(

Chemical Heating Value MJ per kg of fuel = 33.7 C + 144 H 2 -

O2

) + 9.3 S

8

C is the mass of carbon per kg of fuel

H2 is the mass of hydrogen per kg of fuel

O2 is the mass of oxygen per kg of fuel

S is the mass of sulphur per kg of fuel

2

2

3 8 23

N2

Air in kg per kg of fuel = C

33 (CO2 + CO)

N2 is the percentage of nitrogen in flue gas by volume

CO2 is the percentage of carbon dioxide in flue gas by volume

CO is the percentage of carbon monoxide in flue gas by volume

Boiler Formulae

ms (h 1 - h 2 )

Equivalent evaporation =

2257 kJ/kg

(h1 - h 2 )

Factor of evaporation =

2257 kJ/kg

m s (h 1 - h 2 )

Boiler efficiency =

m f x calorific value of fuel

h1 = enthalpy of steam produced in boiler

h2 = enthalpy of feedwater to boiler

m f = mass flow rate of fuel

FLUID MECHANICS

and Ac = cross-sectional area of the jet at the vena conrtacta = ((/4) d 2c

then Ac = CcA

A d 2

or Cc = c

c

A d

At the vena contracta, the volumetric flow rate Q of the fluid is given by

= Acv

or Q = CcACv 2gh

The coefficients of contraction and velocity are combined to give the coefficient of discharge,

Cd

i.e. Cd = CcCv

and Q = CdA 2gh

3

Where B = breadth (m) H = head (m above sill)

Bernoullis Theory

P v2

H= h

w 2g

H = total head (metres) w = force of gravity on 1 m3 of fluid (N)

h = height above datum level (metres) v = velocity of water (metres per second)

P = pressure (N/m2 or Pa)

2

Loss of head in metres = f L v

d 2g

d = diameter in metres f = constant value of 0.01 in large pipes to 0.02 in small

pipes

2

is expressed in some textbooks as

Loss = 4f L v where the f values range from 0.0025 to 0.005

d 2g

ELECTRICITY

Ohm's Law

E

I =

R

or E = IR

E = electromotive force (volts)

R = resistance (ohms)

Conductor Resistivity

L

R =

a

where = specific resistance (or resistivity) (ohm metres, m)

L = length (metres)

a = area of cross-section (square metres)

Temperature correction

Rt = Ro (1 + t)

where Ro = resistance at 0C ()

Rt = resistance at tC ()

= temperature coefficient which has an average value for copper of 0.004 28

(/C)

R2 = R1 (1 t 2 )

(1 t1 )

where R1 = resistance at t1 ()

R2 = resistance at t2 ()

Values /C

copper 0.00428

platinum 0.00385

nickel 0.00672

tungsten 0.0045

aluminum 0.0040

Dynamo Formulae

2NpZ

Average e.m.f. generated in each conductor =

60c

Where Z = total number of armature conductors

c = number of parallel paths through winding between positive and

negative brushes where c = 2 (wave winding), c = 2p (lap winding)

= useful flux per pole (webers), entering or leaving the armature p

= number of pairs of poles

N = speed (revolutions per minute)

EB = generated back e.m.f.

Ia = armature current

Ra = armature resistance

Alternating Current

Mean value of sine curve = 0.637 maximum value

R.M.S. value 0.707

Form factor of sinusoidal = = =1.11

Mean value 0.637

pN

Frequency of alternator = 60 cycles per second

Where p = number of pairs of poles

N = rotational speed in r/min

Slip of Induction Motor

x 100

Speed of field

Inductive Reactance

1.256T 2A

Inductance of an iron cored solenoid = henries

8

L x 10

= magnetic permeablility of core

A = area of core (square centimetres)

L = length (centimetres)

Capacitance Reactance

1

Capacitance reactance of AC circuit = 2fC ohms

1

Total reactance = 2fL - ohms

2 fC

2 2

Impedence (Z) = (resistance) + (reactance)

2 2

= R + (2 fL - 1 ) ohms

2 fC

Current in AC Circuit

impedance

Power Factor

true watts

p.f. =

volts x amperes

Star connected

Line voltage = 3 x phase voltage

Line current = phase current

Delta connected

Line voltage = phase voltage

Line current = 3 x phase current

P = 3 EL IL cos

EL = line voltage

IL = line current

cos = power factor

ION NAMES AND FORMULAE

MONATOMIC POLYATOMIC

Al3+ aluminum ion C2H3O2- acetate ion

Au+ and Au2+ gold ion ClO- hypochlorite ion

Be2+ beryllium ion ClO2- chlorite ion

Ca2+ calcium ion ClO3- chlorate ion

Co2+ and Co3+ cobalt ion ClO4- perchlorate ion

Cr2+ and Cr3+ chromium ion CN- cyanide ion

Cu+ and Cu2+ copper ion CO32- carbonate ion

Fe2+ and Fe3+ iron ion C2O42- oxalate ion

K+ potassium ion CrO42- chromate ion

Li+ lithium ion Cr2O72- dichromate ion

Mg2+ magnesium ion HCO3- hydrogen carbonate or bicarbonate ion

Na+ sodium ion H3O+ hydronium ion

Zn2+ zinc ion HPO42- hydrogen phosphate ion

H2PO4- dihydrogen phosphate ion

HSO3- hydrogen sulphite or bisulphite ion

HSO4- hydrogen sulphate or bisulphate ion

MnO4- permanganate ion

N3- azide ion

NH4+ ammonium ion

NO2- nitrite ion

NO3- nitrate ion

O22- peroxide ion

OCN- cyanate ion

OH- hydroxide ion

PO33- phosphite ion

PO43- phosphate ion

SCN- thiocyanate ion

SO32- sulphite ion

SO42- sulphate ion

S2O32- thiosulphate ion

- lecture_5_arches.pdfUploaded byAnusha Adavikottu
- JEE-MainUploaded byshubham sonkar
- Roth, 2014. Rules of BendingUploaded byKai Chung Tam
- Final Review CUploaded byFennec Baptiste
- ejercicios 21Uploaded byFernando Marmolejo Urriago
- Fast PoissonUploaded byD.n.Prasad
- proj4-3AUploaded byFandy Arief Afandy
- BStat BMath UGA Odd 2015Uploaded bypro7
- Math reviewUploaded bytwsttwst
- 18_032006L06Uploaded byIgor Campos
- Chapter0aUploaded byAbdul Hamid Bhatti
- Maths in Focus - Margaret Grove - ch6Uploaded bySam Scheding
- 443Uploaded byescanus
- SPM Sabah Addmath P2 2010 Q n AUploaded byHayati Aini Ahmad
- TRIAL ADDMATE SPM 2010 Pahang Paper 2 AnswerUploaded bywaichunko
- 1201 Complex Fourier SeriesUploaded byMertYakar
- Fast Sine CosineUploaded bymihaela28
- Fourier Worksheets FeedbackUploaded bypilas_nikola
- June 2014 (IAL) MS - C12 Edexcel.pdfUploaded byMohamed Ahmed
- JRProg-Yr12-3u-2010Uploaded byJohn
- phys111Uploaded bysiddansh
- MT20401 - MidtermUploaded byscribd6289
- out_6Uploaded byeka
- Solutions+30+Exercises+From+Different+National+Tests+in+Trigonometry+Ch5Uploaded byEpic Win
- Student Lecture 41 PeriodicityUploaded byuploadingperson
- Lesson Plan GlbbUploaded byichylucyaresta
- elith1.pdfUploaded bySiddarth Nyati
- algebraans10.pdfUploaded bySahabudeen Salaeh
- Trig Identities List NotesUploaded byabc378hotmailcom
- Trigonometric IdentititsUploaded byRohit

- basic electronicsUploaded byVijay Preetham
- भूगोल नोट्स-6Uploaded bySandeep yadav
- भारतीय इतिहास - Indian HistoryUploaded bySandeep yadav
- सामान्य विज्ञान - अतिमहत्वपूर्ण 500 प्रश्नोत्तरी.pdfUploaded bySandeep yadav
- Sanvidhan Part-1 by Mohit Tezzas JiUploaded bySandeep yadav
- basic electronicsUploaded byVijay Preetham
- 09 Aug All Shifts Memory Based General Awareness QuestionsUploaded bySandeep yadav
- GeneralKnowledgeVitaminsBasedQuestions.pdfUploaded byLALIT KUMAR
- Vigyan & Prodyogiki(by-Rahul Sharma)-1Uploaded bySandeep yadav

- Motorised Butterfly ValveUploaded bySam
- M.R. Noor El-Din Et. Al (2013). Water-In-diesel Fuel Nanoemulsions Preparation, Stability and Physical PropertiesUploaded bywhutecompressor
- Shutdown ReportUploaded bymasudalam
- Kenworth T170/T270/T370Uploaded byMiguel Angel Castillo
- Waste Tire Recycling Pyrolysis Equipment of Doing GroupUploaded bypyrolysisoil
- SubieNewbie TuningGuideUploaded byPete Conte
- TDS [Diesel] Cruiser Advance PlusUploaded byD Wahyu Bawono
- PhD Thesis Samuel CarraraUploaded byCostas Moraitis
- Riding MowerUploaded byLee Buskey
- Steam TurbineUploaded byLeelananda
- Condor Components and Systems ActualUploaded byjpncorreia
- Retiming CamshaftUploaded byArun S
- Volvo Penta 2001-2002-2003Uploaded bySilas F Pimenta
- 31. Pt-Pd-AsaUploaded byioanaandra5690
- l00112Uploaded byddubbah
- Sample Exam MpUploaded byKyle Donaghey
- 10-1 Engine remove and install.pdfUploaded bymefisto06c
- BMA Research5Uploaded byjibranqq
- Dca 20spk2Uploaded byJohn Garnet
- ceedUploaded byvasilis deligiannis
- Life-Cycle Assessment of Potential Algal Biodiesel Production in the United KingdomUploaded byMudassir Farooq
- Calculations of Boiler Pumps and IDUploaded byHaery Brebes
- Questions on Electric Motor With AnswersUploaded byanil1216kumar
- C1.4 Crude Oil booklet.pdfUploaded bySteve Bishop
- Hydrodeoxygenation of Guaiacol on Noble Metal CatalystsUploaded bynguyennha1211
- FU! P1582 Clean Trhottle BodyUploaded byapi-3739501
- 035Uploaded byGeng Surau
- CPS 185 KD IT4 Compressor Flyer 71414_HirezUploaded bymoises
- B NG-Fire Protection NoRestrictionUploaded byseansimoes
- Modeling and Analysis of Offshore Energy Systems on North Sea Oil and Gas PlatformsUploaded byMossad Khôi Nguyên