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Related Literature and

Studies
Method of Citation
Online Optimization of Capacitor
Switching in Electric Power
Distribution Systems
General Objectives
This study aims to develop a
methodology for online control and
optimisation of switched capacitors
banks in electric power distribution
systems. To this end, the specific
objectives of this thesis are to:
Specific Objectives
1. provide a mathematical framework for online control
and optimization of switched capacitor banks;
2. identify discrete time windows over which to compute
and implement online control decisions;
3. develop matrix for the adaptive selection these time
windows based on forecasted variations in network load
parameters;
4. implement and test the developed adaptive online
capacitor control methodology on a real-world test
distribution system.
Significance/Importance of
the Study
The present study will have significant contribution to
the following:
1. Formulation of the online capacitor control problem
for voltage spread reduction;
2. Identify and define time-windows over which to
compute and implement online;
3. It will be a methodology for adaptively dividing a
forecasted time-horizon into discrete, application
specific time windows;
4. An online capacitor control simulation tool.
Review of Related Literature
and Studies
1. Distribution modelling and control

1.1 Distribution System Load Modelling,


Forecasting, and Planning Profiles

1.2 Shunt Capacitor Modelling and Control

1.3 Distribution Application Functions

1.4 Online Control


Method of Citation
Capacitors have long been utilized in electric
power distribution systems to support
system-wide efficiency and voltage regulation
measures (Short, 2003, Gonen, 2014).
Distribution automation and control problems are typically
formulated in the form of (2.3)-(2.5). The three most
effective areas of distribution automation were identified in
[18] to be network reconfiguration [19]-[20], service
restoration [21]-[26], and capacitor control [27]-[33]
Method of Citation
Distribution automation and control problems are
typically formulated in the form of (2.3)-(2.5).
The three most effective areas of distribution
automation were identified by Bunch (1984) in
his report to be network reconfiguration (Butler,
et al, 2001), and capacitor control (Kleinberg, et
al (2010), and capacitor control (Yuang and
Yang, 1996).
Bibliography
Books
Journals/Periodicals/Magazines/
Proceedings, etc.
Statutory Articles
Dissertations/Theses
Websites
Bibliography
Books
Author's last name, first initial. (Publication date). Book title.
Additional information. City of publication: Publishing
company.

Allen, T. (1974). Vanishing wildlife of North America.


Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society.
Boorstin, D. (1992). The creators: A history of the heroes of
the imagination. New York: Random House.
Nicol, A. M., & Pexman, P. M. (1999). Presenting your findings:
A practical guide for creating tables. Washington, DC:
American Psychological Association.
Searles, B., & Last, M. (1979). A reader's guide to science
fiction. New York: Facts on File, Inc.
Toomer, J. (1988). Cane. Ed. Darwin T. Turner. New York:
Norton.
Bibliography
Short T. A., Electric Power Distribution Handbook, CRC Press, 2003.

. [4] T. Gonen, Electric Power Distribution Engineering, 3rd Ed. 2014.

. J. B. Bunch, Jr., Guidelines for evaluating distribution automation, EPRI EL- 3728 Final
Report, Nov. 1984.
. K. L. Butler, N. D. R. Sarma, and V. R. Prasad, Network reconfiguration for service
restoration in shipboard power distribution systems, IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, vol.
16, no. 4, pp. 653-661, Nov. 2001.
. M. Kleinberg, K. Miu, and H.-D. Chiang, Improving service restoration of power
distribution systems through load curtailment of in-service customers, IEEE Trans. on
Power Systems. vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 1110-1117, Nov. 2010.
. Y. C. Huang, H. T. Yang, Solving the capacitor placement problem in a radial distribution
system using tabu search approach, IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, vol. 11, no. 4, pp.
1868-1873, Nov. 1996.
Bibliography
Journals/Periodicals/Magazines/Proceedings, etc.
Author's last name, first initial. (Publication date). Article title.
Periodical title, volume number(issue number if available),
inclusive pages.

Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology


journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological
Psychology, 55, 893-896.
Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's
schools. Time, 135, 28-31.
Kalette, D. (1986, July 21). California town counts town to big
quake. USA Today, 9, p. A1.
Bibliography
Dissertations/Theses
Healey, D.(2005). Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
ad creativity: An investigation into their relationship
(Unpublished Dissertation) University of Canterbury,
Christchurch, New Zealand.
Ignatov, I. (2013). Eastward voyages and the late
medieval European worldview (Masters thesis,
University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand).
Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10092/9187
Bibliography
Website or Webpage
Online periodical:
Author's name. (Date of publication). Title of article.
Title of Periodical, volume number, Retrieved
month day, year, from full URL

Online document:
Author's name. (Date of publication). Title of work.
Retrieved month day, year, from full URL