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The Existence of God (Ps 14:1-7)

The Existence of God (Job 11:7; Psa 14:1; Rom 1:19-25)

 The very subject raises the question:

1. Does God exist?


2. If He, then is He the God of Biblical Concept?
3. If so, then can man know Him?
4. Has He ever spoken to man?
5. Is He any way revealed or hidden God?
6. Is He interested in man’s affair & the world at large, or is He the God holy
other?
7. If God exists, then Who is He? How much may I know of Him?

 Two Views:
1. Theists - one who accepts.
2. Atheists - one who rejects

 Atheistic Views
1. Agnostic View:
2. Evolutionary View:
3. Polytheism:
4. Pantheism:
5. Deism:
6. Materialism:
7. Humanism
 Agnostic View:

Gnosis=Knowledge. So it’s opposite of that.


Those who say we cannot know that God even exists. To them all should be
scientifically verifiable.

Ans- To hold such a view one should have examined all. (1Cor 2:10; Jn 1:18,
7:17)

 Evolutionary View:

They reject God and to explain the existence of man they depend on evolution
theory which states that man developed or evolved from singular beings.

Ans: This theory is on assumptions, not regarded as science at all. Hence still
not proved.

 Polytheism:

Poly=Many. It’s a belief in the plurality of gods. It is degenerated from


Monotheism.

Ans: Rom 1:19-23, 28; Isa 40:14-15; 44:9-19; 46:5-7

 Pantheism:

Teaching= ‘God is all and all is God’. All phenomena, good or evil, are equally
related to the great absolute ‘it’.

Ans: God is a Person, ‘He’. The above view would lead a person away
from the true God. Imagine if all is god.
 Deism:

They deny a personal God. To them God is impersonal. They acknowledge


the transcendence but not the immanence.

Views: God as Creator but not the Sustainer.


Pantheist say, Creator and Creation are inseparable but Deists say, they can
not be united.

 Materialism:

It believes in the eternity of matter and makes it their God. They say, nothing
exists but matter only and these denies all immaterial.

 Humanism:

Views ‘man’ in the centre. He has no thought of God at all in anything. He


himself is put in the place of God.

 Arguments for the Existence of God:


 Cosmological Argument
 Teleological Argument
 Anthropological Argument
 Moral Argument
 Ontological Argument
 Cosmological Argument:

Word comes from ‘Kosmos’ or ‘the world’. The Kosmos proves the existence of
the Creator. Every effect must have a cause. Rom 1:18-19.

 Teleological Argument:

Meaning- Telos = End.

Universe is marked by order and useful arrangements. States, order and


useful arrangement in a system imply intelligence and purpose in the
organizing cause. So there is Intelligent and free cause (Psa 8:3-4; 19:1-4)

 Anthropological Argument:

Meaning- Anthropos = Man

 He is created in the image of God ,Gen 1:26-28


 This image is spiritual, Eph 4:24; Col 3:10.

Man is a moral being with Conscience, Intellect, Emotion and Will. This
traces back to the origin in God.

 Moral Argument:

Man has a conscience, a supernatural within the natural, distinguishes man


from animals. The very awareness and the sense of morality and moral
justice points to the origin from God. (Rom 2:14-15).
 Ontological Argument:

Meaning- Ontos = Being or Existence. By Anslem.


States, if a man could conceive of a perfect God who does not exist, then he
could conceive of some one greater than God Himself which is impossible.
Therefore God Exists. (Phil 3:10; 1Tim 6:15-16)

 Consequence of Denying the Existence of God (Psa 14:1-7):


1. The are corrupt (v.1)
2. There is ignorance (v.2)
3. There is total defilement (v.3)
4. They are gripped with every other fear (v.5)

Note: Purposes & Promises of God will stand


forever & verything else will collapse (v.7).