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CONTENTS

EXERCISE 1:PRONOUNS

EXERCISE 2:POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES/PRONOUNS

EXERCISE 3:POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES/PRONOUNS

EXERCISE 4 :POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES AND PRONOUNS

EXERCISE 5: POSSESSIVE FORMS OF NOUNS

EXERCISE 6: POSSESSIVE FORMS WITH "OF"

EXERCISE 7: REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

EXERCISE 8: INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

EXERCISE 9 : NAMES OF COUNTRIES

EXERCISE 10 : NATIONALITY ADJECTIVES

EXERCISE 11: NATIONALITY ADJECTIVES AND LANGUAGES

EXERCISE 12: PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS

EXERCISE 13 : PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS

EXERCISE 14 : JOBS AND PROFESSIONS

EXERCISE 15 : QUESTION WORDS

EXERCISE 16 : SOME/ANY

EXERCISE 17:SOME /ANY

EXERCISE 18: MUCH / MANY / A LOT OF/ LOTS OF

EXERCISE 19:HOW MUCH /HOW MANY

EXERCISE 20 : HOW MUCH / HOW MANY

EXERCISE 21 : A FEW/A LITTLE

EXERCISE 22 :FEW/A FEW/LITTLE/A LITTLE

EXERCISE 23. INDEFINITE ARTICLES (A /AN)

EXERCISE 24: DEFINITE ARTICLE (THE)

EXERCISE 25:DEFINITE ARTICLE (THE)

EXERCISE 26: DEFINITE ARTICLE (THE)

EXERCISE 27: DEFINITE AND INDEFINITE ARTICLES (A / AN / THE)

EXERCISE 28: DEFINITE AND INDEFINITE ARTICLES (A/AN/THE)

EXERCISE 29 :ANOTHER /OTHER /OTHERS

EXERCISE 30: ONE/ONES

EXERCISE 31: ELSE


EXERCISE 32 :ADJECTIVES/ADVERBS OF MANNER

EXERCISE 33: COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES

EXERCISE 34 : COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES

EXERCISE 35:COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADVERBS

EXERCISE 36 : SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES

EXERCISE 37: COMPARATIVES / SUPERLATIVES

EXERCISE 38 COMPARATIVE / SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES

EXERCISE 39: COMPARATIVE / SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADVERBS

EXERCISE 40: IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE / SUPERLATIVE FORMS

EXERCISE 41: IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE FORMS

EXERCISE 42: COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES

EXERCISE 43 : DIFFERENT COMPARATIVE /SUPERLATIVE FORMS

EXERCISE 44 : COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF NOUNS

EXERCISE 45 : COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES (SIMILARITY)

EXERCISE 46 : COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADVERBS (SIMILARITY)

EXERCISE 47: COMPARISONS OF ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

EXERCISE 48 :THE SAME + NOUN + AS

EXERCISE 49 : COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE

EXERCISE 50 :PARALLEL COMPARATIVE (THE .... THE ...)

EXERCISE 51 : COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE

EXERCISE 52: COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE

EXERCISE 53: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (VERB: BE)

EXERCISE 54 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (VERB: BE)

EXERCISE 55: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (HAVE GOT/ HAS GOT)

EXERCISE 56 :THE PRESENT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 57: THE PRESENT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 58 :THE PRESENT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 59 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (SIMPLE SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 60 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)

EXERCISE 61 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)

EXERCISE 62: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY)

EXERCISE 63 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY)


EXERCISE 64 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 65: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 66 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 67: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (CONJUNCTIONS)

EXERCISE 68: THE PRESENT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 69 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 70: THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)

EXERCISE 72 : THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS

EXERCISE 73: THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS

EXERCISE 74 THE PAST SIMPLE

EXERCISE 75 THE PAST SIMPLE (VERB: BE)

EXERCISE 76 : THE PAST SIMPLE (SIMPLE SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 77 : THE PAST SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)

EXERCISE 78 :THE PAST SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)

EXERCISE 79 : THE PAST SIMPLE

EXERCISE 80: THE PAST SIMPLE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 81 : THE PAST SIMPLE (CONJUNCTIONS)

EXERCICE 82:THE PAST SIMPLE

EXERCISE 83: THE PAST SIMPLE

EXERCISE 84 THE PAST SIMPLE (PREFERENCE)

EXERCISE 85 THE PAST SIMPLE (USED TO)

EXERCISE 86 : THE PAST SIMPLE (ANSWERING QUESTIONS)

EXERCISE 87 : THE PAST CONTINUOUS (COMPLEX SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 88 : THE PAST CONTINUOUS

EXERCISE 89 :THE PAST CONTINUOUS (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)

EXERCISE 90: THE PAST CONTINUOUS (CONJUNCTIONS)

EXERCISE 91 :THE PAST CONTINUOUS

EXERCISE 92 : THE PAST CONTINUOUS (COMPLEX SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 93: THE FUTURE SIMPLE (VERB: BE)

EXERCISE 94 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)

EXERCISE 95 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE

EXERCISE 96 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE


EXERCISE 97 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE/BE GOING TO

EXERCISE 98 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE (CONJUNCTIONS)

EXERCISE 99 THE PRESENT PERFFECT SIMPLE (VERB: BE)

EXERCISE 101: THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 102 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 103 :THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 104 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 105 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 106 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 107 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 108 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 109 : THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

EXERCISE 110 : THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

EXERCISE 111 :THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

EXERCISE 112 : THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE (CONJUNCTIONS)

EXERCISE 113 : THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 114 : THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 115 : THE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

EXERCISE 116 : THE FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE

EXERCISE 117: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE 1)

EXERCISE 118 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE1)

EXERCISE 119 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE 2)

EXERCISE 120 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE 2)

EXERCISE 121: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE 2)

EXERCISE 122 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

EXERCISE 123 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES)

EXERCISE 124 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES)

EXERCISE 125 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (UNLESS / IF ... NOT)

EXERCISE 126 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES 1/2/3)

EXERCISE 127 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES 1/2/3)

EXERCISE 128 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES 1/2/3)

EXERCISE 129 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (IN CASE)


EXERCISE 130 : GENERAL EXERCISES (THE AXULIARY VERBS)

EXERCISE 131 : GENERAL EXERCISES (ON TENSES)

EXERCISE 132: GENERAL EXERCISES (ON TENSES)

EXERCISE 133 : GENERAL EXERCISES (ON TENSES)

EXERCISE 134: GENERAL EXERCISES (ON TENSES)

EXERCISE 135 : GENERAL EXERCISES (FINDING THE VERBS)

EXERCISE 136 : GENERAL EXERCISES (FINDING THE VERBS)

EXERCISE 137 : GENERAL EXERCISES (COMPLETION)

EXERCISE 138 : WISHES IN ENGLISH

EXERCISE 139 : WISHES IN ENGLISH

EXERCISE 140 : WISHES IN ENGLISH

EXERCISE 141 : WISHES IN ENGLISH

EXERCISE 142 : WISHES IN ENGLISH

EXERCISE 143 : THE PASSIVE (ALL TENSES)

EXERCISE 144 : THE PASSIVE (ALL TENSES)

EXERCISE 145: THE PASSIVE (ALL TENSES)

EXERCISE 146 : THE PASSIVE

EXERCISE 147 : THE PASSIVE

EXERCISE 148 :THE PASSIVE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)

EXERCISE 149 :THE PASSIVE (UNIMPORTANT SUBJECT)

EXERCISE 150: THE PASSIVE (VERBS TAKING TWO OBJECTS)

EXERCISE 151: THE PASSIVE (VERBS TAKING TWO OBJECTS)

EXERCISE 152: THE PASSIVE (MIXED TENSES)

EXERCISE 153 : ACTIVE - PASSIVE

EXERCISE 154 : THE PASSIVE (CONDITIONAL SENTENCES)

EXERCISE 155 : THE PASSIVE (THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS)

EXERCISE 156 : THE PASSIVE (THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS)

EXERCISE 157 : HE PASSIVE GERUND

EXERCISE 158 THE PASSIVE (PASSIVE PRESENT INFINITIVE)

EXERCISE 159 : THE PASSIVE (PASSIVE PRESENT INFINITIVE)

EXERCISE 160 :THE PASSIVE (PASSIVE PRESENT INFINITIVE)

EXERCISE 161 : THE PASSIVE (MIXED TYPES)


EXERCISE 162 : THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 163 : THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 164 : THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)

EXERCISE 165: THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCES)

EXERCISE 166: THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCES)

EXERCISE 167 : THE PASSIVE (MIXED TYPES)

EXERCISE 169: GERUNDS/INFINITIVES (1)

EXERCISE 174 : GERUNDS

EXERCISE 175 : GERUNDS

EXERCISE 176 : GERUNDS/INFINITIVES

EXERCISE 177 : PERFECT GERUNDS (ACTIVE / PASSIVE)

EXERCISE 178 : INFINITIVES

EXERCISE 179 : GERUNDS/INFINITIVES

EXERCISE 180 : GERUNDS/INFINITIVES

EXERCISE 181 : INFINITIVES (ENOUGH/TOO)

EXERCISE 182 : INFINITIVES (ENOUGH)

EXERCISE 183 : INFINITIVES (TOO)

EXERCISE 184 : INFINITIVES (TOO)

EXERCISE 185: INFINITIVES (TOO)

EXERCISE 186: INFINITIVES (ENOUGH)

EXERCISE 187 : INFINITIVES (LET/ALLOW)

EXERCISE 188 : INFINITIVES (PREFERENCES)

EXERCISE 189 : INFINITIVES (EXPRESSING PURPOSE)

EXERCISE 190 :INFINITIVES (EXPRESSING PURPOSE)

EXERCISE 191 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)

EXERCISE 192 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)

EXERCISE 193 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)

EXERCISE 194 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)

EXERCISE 195 :PRESENT PARTICIPLES

EXERCISE 196: PRESENT PARTICIPLES

EXERCISE 197: PRESENT PARTICIPLES (DIFFERENT SUBJECTS)

EXERCISE 198 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (DIFFERENT SUBJECTS)


EXERCISE 199: RESENT/ PAST PARTICIPLE (AS ADJECTIVES)

EXERCISE 200: PERFECT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)

EXERCISE 201: PERFECT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)

EXERCISE 202 : PERFECT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)

EXERCISE 203 : PRESENT/PERFECT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)


EXERCISE 204 : PRESENT/PERFECT PARTICIPLES (DIFFERENT SUBJECTS)
EXERCISE 205 : PRESENT/PAST PARTICIPLES
EXERCISE 206 :EXPRESSING SIMILARITIES (SO/NEITHER)
EXERCISE 207 :EXPRESSING SIMILARITIES (EITHER/NEITHER)
EXERCISE 208 : CHOICES OR ALTERNATIVE (EITHER ... OR)
EXERCISE 209 : NEITHER ... NOR
EXERCISE 210 : NOT ONLY... BUT ALSO
EXERCISE 211 : NOT ONLY ... BUT ALSO
EXERCISE 212 : ASKING FOR PERMISSION
EXERCISE 213: MAKING SUGGESTIONS
EXERCISE 214: MAKING POLITE REQUESTS
EXERCISE 215: MAKING AN OFFER
EXERCISE 216 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (SUBJECTIVE CASE)
EXERCISE 217: DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (SUBJECTIVE CASE)
EXERCISE 218 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (OBJECTIVE CASE)
EXERCISE 219 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (OBJECTIVE CASE)
EXERCISE 220 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (POSSESSIVE CASE)
EXERCISE 221 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
EXERCISE 222 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
EXERCISE 223 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (PREPOSITIONS)
EXERCISE 224 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
EXERCISE 225: DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
EXERCISE 226 : NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
EXERCISE 227 : ELATIVE PRONOUNS / RELATIVE ADVERBS
EXERCISE 228 : RELATIVE-CLAUSES (MIXED TYPES)
EXERCISE 229 : REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES
EXERCISE 230 :REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES
EXERCISE 231 : REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES
EXERCISE 232 : REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES
EXERCISE 233: ACTIVE CAUSATIVES (ALL TENSES)
EXERCISE 234 :ACTIVE CAUSATIVES
EXERCISE 235 : ACTIVE CAUSATIVES
EXERCISE 236: PASSIVE CAUSATIVES (ALL TENSES)
EXERCISE 237: PASSIVE CAUSATIVES
EXERCISE 238 : PASSIVE CAUSATIVES
EXERCISE 239 : PASSIVE CAUSATIVES
EXERCISE 240 : CAUSATIVES (MIXED TYPES)
EXERCISE 241: REPORTED SPEECH (STATEMENT)
EXERCISE 242 : REPORTED SPEECH (STATEMENT)
EXERCISE 243 : REPORTED SPEECH (OTHER REPORTING VERBS)
EXERCISE 244 : REPORTED SPEECH (COMPLEX SENTENCE)
EXERCISE 245 : REPORTED SPEECH (COMPLEX SENTENCE)
EXERCISE 247 : REPORTED SPEECH (QUESTION)
EXERCISE 248 : REPORTED SPEECH (QUESTION)
EXERCISE 249: REPORTED SPEECH (IMPERATIVE)
EXERCISE 250: REPORTED SPEECH (REQUEST)
EXERCISE 251: REPORTED SPEECH (MIXED TYPES)
EXERCISE 252 : REPORTED SPEECH
EXERCISE 253 : REPORTED SPEECH (OTHER REPORTING VERBS)
EXERCISE 254 : REPORTED SPEECH (OTHER REPORTING VERBS)
EXERCISE 255 : REPORTED SPEECH (OTHER REPORTING VERBS)
EXERCISE 256 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF CONCESSION
EXERCISE 257 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF CONCESSION
EXERCISE 258 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF PURPOSE
EXERCISE 259 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF PURPOSE
EXERCISE 260: ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF PURPOSE
EXERCISE 261 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF PURPOSE
EXERCISE 262 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF RESULT
EXERCISE 263 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF RESULT
EXERCISE 264 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF RESULT
EXERCISE 265 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF RESULT
EXERCISE 266 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF RESULT
EXERCISE 267 : ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF RESULT
EXERCISE 268: ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF PROPORTION
EXERCISE 269 : NOUN CLAUSES (AS THE SUBJECT OF A SENTENCE)
EXERCISE 270: NOUN CLAUSES (AS THE OBJECTOR A SENTENCE)
EXERCISE 271 : NOUN CLAUSES (AS THE OBJECT OF A SENTENCE)
EXERCISE 272 : NOUN CLAUSES (AS THE OBJECT OF A SENTENCE)
EXERCISE 273 : NOUN CLAUSES (AS THE OBJECT OF A SENTENCE)
EXERCISE 274 : NOUN CLAUSES (COMPLEX SUBJECT)
EXERCISE 275 : NOUN CLAUSES (COMPLEX SUBJECT)
EXERCISE 276 : CONJUCTIONS
EXERCISE 277 : CONJUCTIONS
EXERCISE 278 : CONJUCTIONS
EXERCISE 279 : THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
EXERCISE 280 : THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
EXERCISE 281 THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
EXERCISE 282 :THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERB (USED TO)
EXERCISE 283 : THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
EXERCISE 284 THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
EXERCISE 285 : THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
EXERCISE 286 : THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
EXERCISE 287 : THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
EXERCISE 288 : THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS
EXERCISE 289: PREPOSITIONS (1)
EXERCISE 290 :PREPOSITIONS (2)
EXERCISE 291: PREPOSITIONS (3)
EXERCISE 292: PREPOSITIONS (4)
EXERCISE 293 : PREPOSITIONS (5)
EXERCISE 294 : PREPOSITIONS (6)
EXERCISE 295 : PREPOSITIONS (7)
EXERCISE 296 : PREPOSITIONS (8)
EXERCISE 297 : PREPOSITIONS (9)
EXERCISE 298 : PREPOSITIONS (10)
EXERCISE 299 : PREPOSITIONS (11)
EXERCISE 300 : PREPOSITIONS (12)
EXERCISE 302 : TRANSFORMATION (1)
EXERCISE 303 : TRANSFORMATION (2)
EXERCISE 304 : TRANSFORMATION (3)
EXERCISE 305 : TRANSFORMATION (4)
EXERCISE 306:WORD-FORMATION (1)
EXERCISE 307: WORD - FORMATION (2)
EXERCISE 308 : WORD - FORMATION (3)
EXERCISE 309: WORD - FORMATION (4)
EXERCISE 310: WORD - FORMATION (5)
EXERCISE 311: WORD -FORMATION (6) (PREFIXES)
EXERCISE 312 : WORD - FORMATION (7) (PREFIXES)
EXERCISE 313 :WORD - FORMATION (8) (PREFIXES)

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EXERCISE1 : PRONOUNS
Complete the following sentences with the necessary "Subject Pronouns" or "Object
Pronouns".
Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns
I Me
You You
He Him
She Her
It It
We Us
They Them
Example: Mary doesn't love me, but.............................. love her very much.
Mary doesn't love me, but I love her very much.
She is not in love with ............................... but I am in love with....
She is not in love with me, but I am in love with her.
1. Mary has got a lot of books............................... is
putting .............................. on the shelves.
2. The thief is trying to run away and the policeman is running
after ................................
3. There is a girl sitting on the chair, and the nurse is looking
after ................................
4. The boy is standing near the board and is writing the sentences
on ................................
5. The children are eating apples............................... are
eating .............................. in the garden.
6. The girl is in the ambulance and the doctor is taking.............................. to
(the) hospital.
7. Jack is sitting in front of Helen. He is not sitting
behind ................................
8. There are a lot of dogs in the garden, and my daughter is playing
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with ................................
9. The woman is taking the boy home............................... is
carrying .............................. in her arms.
10. There are a lot of snakes on the farm, but I am not afraid
of................................
11. The girl has a car but she cannot drive ............... because .............
doesn't have a driving licence.
12. She says that she is afraid of............................... because I have
piercing looks.
13. She thinks that.............................. am not interested in Turkish
music.
14. I am sitting next to Caroline........... are close friends and everybody
is jealous of...............
15. The woman is very poor; therefore,.............................. is begging for
money in the streets.
16. The birds are in the tree................ are singing happily and we are
listening to ........................
17. She doesn't want to go out with..............................; she thinks that I
am not handsome.
18. If you see Melissa, tell.............................. that..............................
love ................................
19. The girl is in bed. .............................. is sleeping like an angel.
20. My twin-brother looks like .......................... but I don't
love .............................. very much.
21. Helena hates ............................. but I love .............................. very
much.
22. The bus is at the bus-stop and the women are getting
on ........................ with their children.
EXERCISE 2:POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES/PRONOUNS
Complete the following sentences with the Possessive Adjective or Possessive
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Pronoun
Possessive Adjectives Possessive Pronouns
My mine
Your yours
His his
Her hers
Its ..
Our ours
Their theirs
Example: This is my friend, Maria. ....................husband is a teacher, (she)
This is my friend, Maria. Her husband is a teacher.
1. ......................... neighbour's house is bigger than. ................... (we)
2. Those are not............................. children. ...... .... ... are in the cinema
now. (we)
3. .............................. teacher always confuses your name
with ............................... (I)
4. My book is more interesting than...... ..................... I think, (you)
5. Rose wears ear-rings, but........................ ear-rings are more expensive than
hers. (I)
6. The dog is eating a bone. .... .......... . teeth are very sharp. (it)
7. This pencil isn't............................; it is mine. (you)
8. I don't think that is ... .......... ....; .... ............. suitcase is green, (she)
9. The boys are riding on ........... .... ... bicycles in the street, (they)
10. We are listening to our teacher, not................................ (you)
11. Please pass these books to your friends. They are.......... ...... ..
(they)
12. I always buy .............................. sister a box of chocolate at this
supermarket. (I)
13. .. ...... .........umbrella is not black. It is blue. (I)
14. The man is going to the cinema wit. wife, (he)
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15. These are Mr. and Mrs. Brown. That is ............................ house,
(they)
16. There are some books on the desk, but they are not..........................
(we)
17. Is your brother a businessman? ............................ is a medical
doctor. (I)
18. There is a car in front of the building. Is it ..... ..... ....? (you)
19. Look at that dog over there! .... ..... ..... eyes are blue, (it)
20. Zeynep's bag is very heavy, but............................ is very light. (I)
21. Our house is near the school, but ..... ..... ..... house is not. (they)
22. He is my room-mate. ......... ....... name is Peter, (he)
23. My father is more successful than ......... ..... .... father, (she)
24. Don't bother to bring a camera; you can use .... ..... .... . (I)
EXERCISE 3 :POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES/PRONOUNS
Complete the following sentences with a "Subject Pronoun", "Object Pronoun" or
"Possessive Adjective".
Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns Possessive
Adjectives
1. I me my
2. you you your
3. he him his
4. she her her
5. it it its
6. we us our
7. you you your
8. they them their
Example: I love Julia, but................... doesn't love me. (she / her)
I love Julia, but she doesn't love me.
1. ................name is Anna Vissi, and..............come from Greece.
2. Everybody loves.................. (I / me / my)
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3. My name is Anna Vissi, and I come from Greece. Everybody loves me.
4. My sister is a medical doctor and ............ works in Germany, but I don't
know .............. phone number.(she/her)
5. Can you help ................... with ................... homework? (I / me / my)
6. Mary writes to.................... but they don't write to her very often, (they
/them / their)
7. ..................always spend ................... holidays in Spain with ...................
friends, (we / us / our)
8. Melissa doesn't tell................... the truth, and ................... am very sorry for
it. (I / me / my)
9. The teacher always asks ................... very difficult questions
whenever ................... have an English exam. (they / them / their)
10. ................... is my girlfriend.................... name is Silvia, but...................
cannot speak Turkish very well, (she / her)
11. The boys are riding ................... bicycles in the street, and ................... are
very cheerful but I cannot see ...................faces very well, (they / them / their)
12. Helen is going to school with................... boyfriend today....................
school is a long way from here, (she / her)
13. The teacher is looking at.................... but................... are not listening to
her, because ................... friend is telling................... a funny story, (we / us / our)
14. ................... are taking................... children to the zoo in the afternoon,
aren't...................?
(they / them / their)
15. ................... is very beautiful. I think I am in love
with....................but................... father doesn't let me go out with....................
(she/her)
16. I always help Melissa, but she never helps ................... with ...................
homework. She thinks that................... am very lazy. (I / me / my)
17. I have got two children, and I love ................... very much, but...................
don't love me so much.
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a. (they / them / their)
18. I don't like ................... because ................... is very selfish, but I
like ................... sister, (she / her)

EXERCISE 4 :POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES AND PRONOUNS


Complete the following sentences with one of the words on the list below.

a) I you he she it we
they
b) me you him her it us
them
c) my your his her its our
their
d) mine yours his hers . ours
theirs

Example: Tell the children to bring ............................ friends to the party.


Tell the students to bring their friends to the party.
1. You can borrow.......................... camera if you haven't got one. I dont need
... .... ...... ...
2. He always tells................. what the problem is and I always
help ...... .... ...... ..with
3. I always see Jane and Marry at the comer, but............................ never
greet.......................
4. Your car is here but I can't find Do you know
where ............................ car is?
5. If your girlfriend is in Istanbul, why don't you bring ................ to the
party?
6. My sister and I both have sports car; her car is red and ......... ............ is
black.
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7. If anyone arrives late, tell.......................... not to enter the room without my
permission.
8. Our children want to go camping this summer; what about........................
children?
9. I know Sharon very well....... ..... .... is a very good friend of.. ..... ...... ...
10. Helen is very rich. ............................ collection of coins is extremely
valuable.
11. I have got a cat.... .... ..... .... name is Cancan, and I
love ............................ very much.
12. ............................ am looking for my book everywhere, but I can't
find .............................
13. My father knows Mar}' very well, and that's why he doesn't
trust ........ ...
14. Where are your seats? I am looking for ............................ but I can't
find
15. Whoever is at the door, tell. .... .... .... I am not in.
16. She is trying to frighten............................. bull I am not afraid
of..... ....... ... anymore.
17. She is crying because the teacher is very angry with .... .. ............
18. Please take these books and give ......... to Helen,
because ....... ......... belong to ..............
19. Her parents live in Istanbul, but...................... live in Kars
and ..... ........ love...............
20. We don't love .............................. French teacher. Do you
love... .... .... ?
21. Their house is very comfortable, but mine is more comfortable
than ....... ..... .
22. My suitcase is very heavy, but.... suitcase is heavier
than ............................... Mary
23. It is not necessary for...............to buy the book. I can lend
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you ...... ......... I don't need ............
24. I forgot to bring my wallet with ..................... have you
got.......................?
25. I always go to the cinema in. ......... ........ free time.
26. The cat has got a fish;................... is in mouth.
27. If.............................. don't pass the exam, will..............................
lake ...................... again, Rose?
28. There is an old lady with a dog on ....... knee and there are two men
with pipes in ............ mouths.
29. I don't think that Helen is a reliable girl, so .................... never
lend............................. any money.
30. He is such a rich man that..................... doesn't care
how ..................spends ........ money.

EXERCISE 5: POSSESSIVE FORMS OF NOUNS


Rewrite the following sentences using the "Possessive Forms" of Nouns with
"Apostrophe" (...,'s) or (.....').
Example: The doctor has a new car. The doctor's car is new.
The doctors have blue eyes. The doctors' eyes are blue.
The girl has a pretty dress The teachers have a room on the third
The girls have pretty dresses floor
The old man has white hair The students have books on their desks
The old men have white hair All the horses have white manes
The cat has green eyes The servants have a bedroom downstairs
The king has a beautiful palace Donkeys have long ears
Melissa has a new bicycle Some dogs have short tails
The lion has sharp teeth These children have dirty faces
All the girls have new skirts for the The fishermen have an old net
festival The child has a new toy
18
Some women have short hair The man has a long beard
All the men have black hats An eagle has sharp eyes
The teachers have a beautiful staff- Elephants have strong memories
room The boy has a good intelligence quotien
t

EXERCISE 6: POSSESSIVE FORMS WITH "OF"


Rewrite the following sentences using the "Possessive Form" with "OF".
Example: The girl's name is Olga. The name of the girl is Olga.
The teachers' room is upstairs. The room of the teachers is upstairs.
1. John's brother is very clever :
2. Mary's sisters are fond of classical music :
3. Miranda's sister's name is Juliet :
4. This woman's children go to kindergarten :
5. The children's toys amuse them very much :
6. I don't know Peter's telephone number :
7. Tom's car is not very expensive :
8. Madonna's mother is rolling in money :
9. Muge's cat's name is Cancan :
10. The boys bicycle is brand new :
11. Janet loves Chopin's music very much :
12. The dog's teeth are beginning to fall out :
13. My grandfather's farm is quite large :
14. My mother and father's friends are at home :
15. Picasso's paintings seem strange to me :

19
16. Mary and Jane's weddings are today :
17. Mary says that she is Peter's cousin :
18. Peter and Mary's children are very smart :
19. Pasteur and Fleming's discoveries are very important:
20. My friend's dog is very clever :
21. Your mother's hands are very large :
22. Angela's sister is out of her mind :
23. Julia's father is very old :
24. The girls' skirts are very short :
25. The students' teacher is very happy :
26. We don't obey the captain's orders :
27. The man's loyally to her is adorable :
28. What do you think of Oya's latest novel? :
29. We are talking about her husband's death :
30. I got well again under the doctor's treatment :

EXERCISE 7 : REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS


Complete the following sentences with a proper "Reflexive Pronoun" on the list below.
myself yourself himself herself
itself
ourselves yourselves themselves
Example: Maria is buying.................... a new dress.
Maria is buying herself a new dress.
1. I always make ........................................... a sandwich for lunch.
2. Are you enjoying............................................ at the party, Hilary?
3. He says that he will kill........................................... if he cannot get married
to Matilda.
4. Don't blame............................................ it is not your fault.
5. Lara is looking at........................................... in the mirror and admiring her
20
beauty.
6. He is going to make ........................................... a cup of tea.
7. Different people enjoy........................................... in different ways.
8. The cat saw ........................................... in the mirror and got frightened.
9. Don't play with that sharp knife, you may cut.............................................
10. They are talking to ........................................... in the room.
11. We look after........................................... while our mother is away.
12. My brother cut........................................... with a razor while he was
shaving yesterday.
13. Look at.......................................... in a mirror. You look very angry.
14. Take your coat off and make ...........................................
comfortable.
15. Did you hurt........................................... when you fell down?
16. Mr. David introduced ........................................... to my father.
17. This photograph of mine is terrible. I cannot
recognize.............................................
18. He bought some flowers for ........................................... yesterday
evening.
19. Bring another key. The children have
locked ........................................... in the garage.
20. Take a glass and pour........................................... a drink and join the
party.
21. They buried ........................................... in their work.
22. Calm down a moment and control............................................
honey.
23. Whenever he gets sick, he always tries to
cure ........................................... with medicines.
24. She is frightened of getting fat. She
weighs ........................................... every morning.
25. She went down to the river and drowned.............................................
21
26. We are defending ........................................... against thieves.
27. He went berserk and shot.............................................
28. Those young girls call...........................................actresses
29. Nancy prides ........................................... on her cooking.
30. We enjoyed ........................................... at the party last night.
EXERCISE 8: INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS
Complete each of the following sentences with a proper "Pronouns" and "Adverbs" on
the list below.
PRONOUNS ADVERBS
everybody everything everywhere
somebody something somewhere
anybody anything anywhere
nobody nothing nowhere
1- A: Is there... .... . .in the bottle?
B: No, there is ..... ..... .... .... .......... in the bottle, it is empty.
2 . A: Did... ........... ........... ....... come to your party last night?
B: I am sorry that.............................................. came to my party last night.
3. A: Would you like to live ................................................. by the Mediterranean?
B: Yes, I would like to live ........................ ....... by the Mediterranean because I
love the sun.
4. A: Do you know ................................................. in Istanbul?
B: No, I don't know....... .... .............. ......... in Istanbul. I have just come here from
abroad.
5. A: Did you see............ ......... ... ...in the summer-house the other day?
B: Yes, I saw ........................... ............ . in the summer-house the other day.
6. A: Can we use credit cards ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... these days?
B: Yes, we/you can use credit cards .......................................... these days
7. A: Does ..... .... ..... .................. like Britney Spears?
B: Yes,................................................. likes Britney Spears.
8. A: Did you look for your watch .............................................. in the house?
22
B: Yes, I looked for my watch.....................in the house, but I couldn't find
it.............................
9. A: Did ................................................. answer the questions?
B: The questions were very difficult, so ............................................. could answer
them.
10.A: Did you tell......... .............................. about the garden party?
B: Yes, I told.. . about the garden party.
11.A: Did your parents go ................................................. last month?
B: Yes, they went .... ... ......................... last month, but I cannot remember the
name.
12A:................................................ is knocking at the door. Will you please answer it?
B: I think you are mistaken, because..................................... ... is knocking at the
door now.
13.A: Do you like fishing?
B: Yes, I do, but I never catch...............................................
14.A: Do you know ........... ..... about the accident?
B: Sorry, I know ................................................ about the accident, but I think she
knows.
15. A: Did you go........... .............. .... last summer? B: No, we stayed at home, we
went.................
EXERCISE 9 : NAMES OF COUNTRIES
Complete the following sentences writing the names of the countries on the left.
Example: Ankara is the capital city of Turkey.
1. Rome........................................................................................... Italy
2. London ........................................................................................ England
3. Athens ......................................................................................... Greece
4. Madrid......................................................................................... Spain
5. Paris............................................................................................ France
6. Washington D.C.......................................................................... The United
States of America
23
7. Lisbon.......................................................................................... Portugal
8. Cairo........................................................................................... Egypt
9. Tokyo.......................................................................................... Japan
10. Warsaw........................................................................................
Poland
11. Moscow.................................................................................... The
Soviet Federation
12. Brussels........................................................................................
Belgium
13. Buenos Aires................................................................................
Argentina
14. Brasilia.........................................................................................
Brazil
15. Ottawa.........................................................................................
Canada
16. Riyadh..........................................................................................
Saudi Arabia
17. Canberra......................................................................................
Australia
18. Damascus.....................................................................................
Syria
19. Peking.......................................................................................... The
Republic of China
20. New Delhi....................................................................................
India
21. Manila........................................................................................ The
Philippines
22. Osto.............................................................................................
Norway
23. Slockholm....................................................................................
24
Sweden
24. Edinburgh.....................................................................................
Scotland
25. Amsterdam....................................................................................
The Netherlands
26. Tbilisi..........................................................................................
Georgia
27. Beirut................................................................................. The
Lebanon
28. Dublin.........................................................................................
Ireland
29. Sofia..........................................................................................
Bulgaria
30. Baku............................................................................................
Azerbaijan
31. Baghdad....................................................................................... Iraq
32. Tehran......................................................................................... Iran
33. Prague......................................................................................... The
Czech Republic
EXERCISE 10 : NATIONALITY ADJECTIVES
Answer the following questions by writing the "Nationality Adjectives" for the countries
in brackets.
Example: A: What is your nationality? / What nationality are you? (Turkey)
B: I am Turkish.
A: Are you Canadian? (Syria)
B: No, I am not. I am Syrian.
1. A: Is Antonio Banderas Italian? (Spain)
B: No, ____________________________________________
2. A: What is your father's nationality? (Norway)
B: ____________________________________________
25
3. A: Are you German? (Iran)
B: No, ____________________________________________
4. A: What nationality is your mother? (The Russian Federation)
B: ____________________________________________
5. A: Are Tom Cruise and Tom Hanks Canadian? (The U.S.A.)
B: No, ____________________________________________
6. A: What nationality are your sisters? (Georgia)
B: ____________________________________________
7. A: Are you and your brothers Pakistani? (Portugal)
B: No, ____________________________________________
8. A: What nationality are your friends? (Scotland)
B: ____________________________________________
9. A: Is that woman standing over there Russian? (Greece)
B: No, ____________________________________________
10. A: What is the nationality of the man in your office? (France)
B: ____________________________________________
11. A: Is your father British? (Italy)
B: No, ____________________________________________
12. A: What nationality is Carlos? (Brazil)
B: ____________________________________________
13. A: Are those women Spanish? (China)
B: No, ____________________________________________
14. A: What is the nationality of this postman? (Germany)
B: ____________________________________________
15. A: Are Yoshimi and Toshiye Chinese? (Japan)
B: No, ____________________________________________
EXERCISE 11: NATIONALITY ADJECTIVES AND LANGUAGES
Complete the following sentences by writing the "Nationality Adjectives" and the
"Languages" people spea
k A: Where do you come from? B: I come from France.

26
A: What language do you speak? B: I speak French.
A: What nationality are you? B: I am French.
Example: I come from France, so I am French and I speak French.
1. Sylvia comes from England, so she
_________________________________
2. Martha Andrado comes from Spain, so
she_________________________________
3. We come from Mexico, so we_________________________________.
4. My parents come from Denmark, so
they_________________________________
5. The belly dancer comes from Egypt, so
she_________________________________
6. Those women come from Saudi Arabia, so
they_________________________________
7. Jennifer comes from Ireland, so
she_________________________________
8. Those doctors come from Sweden, so
they_________________________________
9. The woman comes from Georgia, so
she_________________________________
10. The tourists at this hotel come from China, so they
_________________________________
11. My father comes from Norway, so he
_________________________________
12. Those pilots come from Japan, so
they_________________________________
13. The students in our school come from Canada, so
they_________________________________
14. Natalie comes from the Russian Federation, so
she_________________________________
27
15. We come from Germany, so we_________________________________
16. Those students come from Armenia, so they
_________________________________
17. That pretty woman comes from Iran, so
she_________________________________
18. My brother-in-law comes from Syria, so
he_________________________________
19. Eileen's brothers come from Italy, so they
_________________________________
20. My teacher comes from Finland, so
she_________________________________
21. These nurses come from the U.S.A., so they
_________________________________
22. Carlos comes from Brazil, so he _________________________________
23. My cousins come from Turkey, so
they_________________________________
24. The woman in red comes from Libya, so
she_________________________________
25. Carmen comes from Greece, so she
_________________________________
26. Your brothers come from Portugal, so
they_________________________________
27. Our teachers come from Scotland, so
they_________________________________
28. That lady in the corner comes from Belgium, so she
_________________________________
29. That doctor comes from Poland, so he
_________________________________
30. My uncle comes from Jordan, so
he_________________________________
28
EXERCISE 12: PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
Change the following sentences into "Plural" making all the necessary changes.
Example: She is a lovely woman. They are lovely women.
1.It is an ancient city :
2.This man is very famous :
3.I am not a poet :
4.There is a fly on the floor :
5.Is he a teacher? :
6.That is her book :
7.His hand is clean :
8.The fireman is on the roof :
9.The glass is full of water :
10. The sheep is eating the grass :
11. The mouse is in the house :
12. The leaf is falling down :
13. He is a very clever child :
14. Are you a policeman? :
15. He is not a rich man :
16. The brush is on the chair :
17. The wife of this man is a thief :
18. The deer is running very fast :
19. The baby is very beautiful :
20. This box of chocolate is very big :
21. The fool of this man is very large :
22. Look at that church over there! :
23. The aircraft is bombing the city :
24. The life of this poet is miserable :
25. The knife on the table is sharp :
26. Put the book on the shelf :
27. The ox is grazing in the field :
29
28. Put the dish into the oven :
29. She is preparing the quiz :
30. Where is the loaf of bread? :
31. This piece of chalk is green :
32. She is a beautiful lady :
33. The bus is waiting at the bus-stop :
EXERCISE 13 : PLURAL FORMS OF NOUNS
Complete the following sentences with the "Plural Forms of Nouns" from the list below.
BRANCH HALF KNIFE BOX BACTERIUM GOOSE LOAF
CRITERION BRUSH LEAF SHELF COUNTRY DRESS CITY
CHILD

1. My mother buys three ...................................... of bread every day.


2. How many...................................... of matches have you got?
3. The birds sit on the ...................................... of the trees.
4. They use their ...................................... to cut the branches of the tree.
5. Our ...................................... always play in the streets.
6. Turkey and Germany are very big .......................................
7. There are no ...................................... on this tree in the winter.
8. The teacher usually puts the books on the ...................................... of the
cupboard.
9. London and Paris are big ...................................... in Europe.
10. She always cuts the apple into two ...................................... and
gives one half to me.
11. My mother makes her own ...................................... by herself.
12. The angry...................................... are running after the girl in the
park.
13. What are your ...................................... when you are judging a work
of art?
14. ...................................... in drinking water spread illnesses.
15. We use ...................................... to clean our teeth.

30
ADDRESS FOOT FAMILY PIECE DICTIONARY SPY
TOOTH BUS
AX FACTORY STORY BABY DAISY MOUSE
SECRETARY

1. There are some cars.....................................in Turkey.


2. We can find all kinds of....................................in this library.
3. Don't forget to write the......................................on the envelopes.
4. We have got many ..................................... in this company.
5. We have got two.....................................and two arms.
6. We are trying to get rid of the ......................................in our house.
7. My father gives me some ..................................... of advice from time to
time.
8. The Russian......................................steal the plans of the nuclear power
plants.
9. All the......................................are waiting for the students in front of the
school.
10. All the .....................................of the students are gathering in the
garden for the reception.
11. She brushes her ..................................... three times a day.
12. They are picking up .....................................in the park to give them
to their girlfriends.
13. ......................................sleep more than adults (do).
14. She spent the evening cracking jokes and telling
witty.......................................
15. They are chopping the trees down by their.......................................
EXERCISE 14 : JOBS AND PROFESSIONS
Read the sentences and put the corresponding "Jobs" and "Professions" in brackets.
nurse judge author pilot fishmonger
artist plumber surgeon midwife engineer
1.(..). He/she flies an airplane or helicopter.

31
2.( .). He/she fits and mends water, gas and sewage pipes.
3.( .). He/she designs, makes or works with machinery.
4.( .). He/she draws and paints pictures.
5.( .). He/she helps doctors and looks after sick or injured people in
hospital.
6.( .). He/she performs medical operations in hospitals,
7.( .). She helps women to give birth to children.
8.( .). He/she sells fish in a shop.
9.( .). He/she writes books, articles or plays.
10.( .). He/she makes decisions in a court of law on legal matters.
pharmacist hairdresser baby sitter astronaut doctor
butcher barber dentist judge architect
1. (.) . He/she treats sick or injured people.
2. (.) . He/she takes care of children while their parents are away.
3. (.) . He/she cuts women's hair and puts it into a style.
4. (.) . He/she prepares and sells medicines.
5. (.) . He cuts men's hair.
6. (.) . He/she makes the plans of buildings.
7. (.) . He/she travels in spacecraft in space,
8. (.) . He/she decides which person is the best in a competition.
9. (.) . He/she treats people's teeth.
10.( .) . He/she sells meal in a shop.
teacher lawyer referee locksmith psychiatrist
waiter baker coroner veterinarian psychologist
1. (.) . He/she treats menial illnesses.
2. (.) . He makes or repairs locks.
3. (.) . He/she gives people legal advice and represents them in court.
4. (.) - He/she studies human mind and explains human behaviour.
5. (.) . He/she bakes and sells bread, cakes, etc.
6. (.) . He serves food and drink to people in a restaurant.
7. (.) . He/she teaches, usually as a job at a school.

32
8. (.) - He/she supervises a sports match and makes decisions.
9. (.) . He/she inquiries into the causes of accidental or sudden deaths.
10. (.) . He/she is responsible for the medical treatment of animals.
EXERCISE 15 : QUESTION WORDS
Complete the following sentences with the "QUESTION WORDS" on the list below.
WHO WHICH WHY WHOM WHOSE
HOW WHAT WHEN WHERE
1. A:........................................... often do you go to the cinema?
B: I go to the cinema twice a week.
2. A:........................................... is your father from?
B: My father is from Cyprus.
3. A:........................................... is the weather like today?
B: It is very sunny today.
4. A: ..does David talk to on the phone for half an hour
every day?
B: He talks to Helen on the phone for half an hour every day.
5. A:........................................... does your son wait for in front of the house
every morning?
B: My son waits for his girlfriend in front of the house every morning.
6. A:........................................... is your father?
B: He is very well, thank you.
7. A:........................................... looks after patients in hospitals?
B: Nurses look after patients in hospitals.
8. A: .......................................... long does your sister watch TV a day?
B: She watches TV for three hours a day.
9. A: .......................................... many cigarettes does your father smoke a
day?
B: He smokes ten cigarettes a day.
10. A:........................................... old is your wife?
B: She is almost sixty years old.

33
11. A:........................................... are you married to?
B: I am married to Jennifer Topes.
12. A: To ........................................... is your daughter engaged?
B: She is engaged to Tom Jones.
13. A:........................................... do you like doing in the morning?
B: I like watering the flowers in the morning.
14. A: At........................................... time do your parents have breakfast in the
morning?
B: They have breakfast at seven oclock in the morning.
15. A:........................................... much money do you spend on your holidays?
B: I spend a lot of money on my holidays.
16. A:........................................... are you? /........................................... do you
do?
B: I am a medical doctor.
17. A:....................................... many tomatoes do you need for the pizza?
B: I need five tomatoes for the pizza,
18. A: ...........................................are you waiting for?
B: I am waiting for the bus.
19. A: With ...........................................does Silvia go to the cinema every
week?
B: She goes to the cinema with her boyfriend every week,
20. A: ...........................................lives in a big house outside Paris?
B: My parents live in a big house outside Paris.
21. A: ................................. bicycle do you always ride on?
B: I always ride on my friend's bicycle.
22. A:. ........................................... mosque does your father go to on Fridays?
B: My father goes to the Blue Mosque on Fridays.
23. A:...........................................long does it take to go there by bus?
B: it takes five hours to go there by bus.
24. A:........................................... colour do you prefer, red or blue?
34
B: I prefer blue.
25. A: ...........................................far is the hospital from here?
B: The hospital is five kilometres from here.
26. A: .............................................. colour are your eyes?
B: My eyes are green.
27. A: ........................................... time is it now?
B: It is (a) quarter to six now.
28. A: ...................................................... does your father get up?
B: My father gets up when the sun rises.
29. A: ....................................... kind of people live here?
B: Very honest people live here.
30. A:........................................ kind of films do you like watching on TV?
B: I like watching horror films on TV
31. A................................................ fast does a cheetah run?
B: A cheetah runs very fast
32. A: To ......................................... do you apply for more information?
B: I apply to Mr Harris on for more information.
33. A...........................................children are they?
B: They are Mr Brown's children.
34. A: .................................................... language does your father speak?
B: My father speaks Japanese.
EXERCISE 16 : SOME/ANY
Answer the following questions using "SOME" or "ANY".
Example: Are there any children in the garden?
a.Yes, there are some children in the garden.
b.No, there are not any children in the garden.
1. Is there any sugar in the tea?
Yes, ....................................................................................
No,.............................................................................
2. Are there any boys in the library?
35
Yes, .......................................................................................
No,..........................................................................
3. Are there any waiters in the cafeteria?
Yes,.............................................................................
No...............................................................................
4. Have you got any time to play tennis with me?
Yes.........................................................................................
No...............................................................................
5. Are there any candles on the cake?
Yes.........................................................................................
No.............................................................................
6. Is there any flour in the cupboard?
Yes, .......................................................................................
No.....................................................................................
7. Have you got any English books at home?
Yes, .....................................................................................
No...................................................................................
8. Do you speak any foreign languages?
Yes.........................................................................................
No................................................................................
9. Do you have any children?
Yes, ......................................................................................
No...................................................................................
1. Does your friend have any money to take a trip?
Yes.........................................................................................
No.........................................................................................

EXERCISE 17:SOME /ANY Complete the following sentences with "SOME" or


"ANY".
1. You can call us ............. ... .. day you want.
36
2. Would you like .......... .. .. orange juice?-Yes, please.
3. You have to inform the bank of....... .... ..... change of address.
4. He doesn't have ... ................. experience of this kind of work.
5. 5. I can get... .. .... ... information about France from the tourist office.
6. Can I have. ................... chocolate, please?
7. Peter and Alison haven't got.............. .. .children.
8. There is still .. ... ............. chocolate cake left. Would you like another
piece?
9. We can go to .. .... .. .. restaurant you want.
10. Please phone me if you have ..... .... .. ... problems.
11. I am going to ask ............ .. .... of you a loan.
12. Could you give me ............. ... bread? - Yes, certainly.
13. There are... .... .. ... people waiting outside.
14. Do you have ............................. previous experience about this kind of job?
15. She needs .............. ..... paper to write on.
16. She has to do .. .................. housework.
17. We go out To a restaurant with .... .... ...... other people.
18. When can I visit the museum? -You can visit the museum. ......................
time you want.
19. Can I give you .... ..... .... .....advice?
20. I don't have ... ................. free time today.
21. I need........................... help with my homework. Are you free?
22. Is there .... .... .. .. room in the ear for me? -No, there isn't.. ....... .....
23. There is .............................. fruit, but there aren't...... .. .... vegetables.
24. ............................ bright light at night is an attraction to mosquitoes.
25. ........................ . money you find in the street must be taken to the police
station.
26. There are not.............................. factories in Bingol.
27. Paul is going to invite....................children to his party.
28. My mother doesn't give the children ...................... food.
37
29. I haven't got................... .. money on me, so I cannot go to the cinema.
30. Are there .... .... .. ... eggs in the fridge?
31. There is. .... ................. milk in the bottle.
32. You can hire a car at.... ... .... .... airport.
33. ....... ........ .... taxi will take you to she train station.
34. Is there .................... .. snow on the road, I wonder?
35. I think there isn't... ................... traffic on the road today.
EXERCISE 18: MUCH / MANY / A LOT OF/ LOTS OF
Complete the following sentences with "MUCH", "MANY", "A LOT OF" or "LOTS
OF".
Countable Nouns
I have a lot of books. I have lots of books. I do not have many books. Do I have many
books?
Uncountable Nouns
She has a lot of time. She has lots of time. She does not have much time. Does she have
much time?
1. There are ................................................. students in the garden.
2. There are not................................................. students in the garden.
3. Are there ................................................. students in the garden?
4. Stella has got................................................. information about her
husband's hiding place.
5. Stella has not got................................................. information about her
husband's hiding place.
6. Has Stella got................................................. information about her
husband's hiding place?
7. There is ................................................. vinegar in this bottle.
8. There is not................................................. vinegar in this bottle.
9. Is there ................................................. vinegar in this bottle?
10. Are there ................................................. warships in the harbour?
11. Does Shania have ................................................. knowledge about
38
Turkish history?
12. Is there ................................................. soup in your bowl?
13. Have you got................................................. money in your pocket?
14. I have not got................................................. patience.
15. I think there is ................................................. wine in the bottle.
16. Are there ................................................. candles on the cake?
17. My brother eats too ................................................. meat.
18. Did you invite ................................................. guests to your
wedding party?
19. I have................................................. work to do today.
20. You had better hurry up because you have not
got............................................... time.
21. We learn ................................................. things from our beloved
teachers.
22. Is there ................................................. sugar in your tea?
23. There is not................................................ petrol in my car.
24. How................................................. flour do you need to make a
cake?
25. Are there ................................................ women in front of the
cinema?
26. There is not................................................ jam in that jar.
27. Have you got................................................ friends in London?
28. Do we have ................................................. knowledge about the
Bush administration?
29. There are ................................................. pairs of shoes under the
table.
30. I haven't got................................................. money at the moment,
so I can't go to the cinema.
EXERCISE 19:HOW MUCH /HOW MANY
Complete the questions with "HOW MUCH" or "HOW MANY".
39
Example : A: How much ice-cream has Janet got? B: Janet has got a lot of ice-
cream.
A: How many days are there in a week? B: There are seven days in a
week.
1. A: ..... ...................... .... ............. teeth have you got?
B: I have got thirty two teeth.
2. A:...................... .... ..................... time has she got?
B: She has got a lot of time.
3. A:................ .... ..... ... ............. bars of soap would you like?
B: I would like two bars of soap, please,
4. A: .................................. .......... pounds of meat do you want?
B: I want three pounds of meal, please.
5. A:. ................................................. orange juice do you want to buy?
B: I want to buy some orange juice, please.
6. A:............................. ..... .... ......... bottles of vinegar do you want?
B: I want three bottles of vinegar, please.
7. A:........... .......................... .... . students are there on the bus?
B: There are ten students on the bus.
8. A:............................................ cats has Rita got?
B: Rita has got three cats.
9. A:................................................. flour is there in the jar?
B: There is a lot of flour in the jar.
10. A: ..... ..... .......................... .. money does she spend on her clothes?
B: She spends all her money on her clothes.
11. A:.................. .... ..... ................... packets of flour do you want to buy?
B: I want to buy two packets of flour, please.
12. A:. ........................ .... .... ............ litres of milk would you like?
B: I would like six litres of milk.
13. A:... ...... ........................... ... .... milk is there in the fridge?
B: There is a little milk in the fridge.
40
14. A:... ..................... ....................... chairs are there in the sitting room?
B: There are only a few chairs in the sitting room.
15. A:........... ........................... ...... boxes of chocolate does she want to buy?
B: She wants to buy three boxes of chocolate.
16. A:.................................................... cups of coffee do you drink every day?
B: I drink three cups of coffee every day.
EXERCISE 20 : HOW MUCH / HOW MANY
Write questions for the answers using "HOW MUCH" or "HOW MANY".
Example: A: How much money have you got in your pocket?
B: I have got a lot of money in my pocket.
A: How many students are there on the bus?
B: There are ten students on the bus.
1. A: .............................................
B: There are seven days in a week.
2. A: .............................................
B: Betty has got a lot of time to do her homework.
3. A: .............................................
B: Our teacher has got a lot of patience.
4. A: .............................................
B: There are two stray dogs in the garden.
5. A: .............................................
B: I want three pounds of meat, please.
6. A: .............................................
B: I am going to buy some orange juice, please.
7. A: .............................................
B: There are lots of people at the wedding party.
8.A: .............................................
B: We have got a lot of flour in the jar.
9.A: .............................................
B: She spends all her money on her clothes.
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10.A: .............................................
B: I have a lot of pain in my leg.
11 A: .............................................
B: I would like six litres of milk.
12. A: .............................................
B: There are only a few chairs in the sitting room.
13.A: .............................................
B: Kelly wants to buy three boxes of chocolate.
14. A: .............................................
B: There are six women in the corner.
15. A: .............................................
B: I drink three glasses of beer in the evening.
EXERCISE 21 : A FEW/A LITTLE
Answer the following sentences using "A FEW" or "A LITTLE".
Example: A: Are there any teachers at the school?
B: No, there aren't many. There are only a few teachers at the
school.
A: Is there much vinegar in the bottle?
B: No, there isn't much. There is only a little vinegar in the bottle.
1. A: Have you got any friends in Istanbul?
B: ................................. .... ................... .........................
2. A: Is there much sugar in your coffee?
B: ................ .. .................. ... ....................... ...................... ......
3. A: Has Helen got many shirts?
B: .................... ... .................... .......... .............. .... ............... .....
4. A: Is there much flour in the jar?
B: .......................... .. ......................... ...................... ......................
5. A: Is there much water in your glass?
B: ................... .............................. .......................... .................... .....
6. A: Have you got many horses on your farm?
42
B: ...... ........................ .... .................. ...... ............ ...... ................
7. A: Are there many eggs in the fridge?
B: ....... ..................... .. ... ................ ...... .......... ...... .... ...........
8. A: Has your father got many books in his library?
B: ..................... .................. ...... ......................... .................... ......
9. A: Are there many exercises in this book?
B:................................................................................
10. A: Have you got much spare time?
B... .................. ..... ...................... .....
11. A: Has the poor woman got much money?
B: ........................................................................................
12. A: Are there many passengers on the plane?
B: .............. ....................... ......................... ...................... .................
13. A: Is there much information in this booklet?
B: ...... .................. ... .............. .... .................... ......................
14. A:Have you got much time to finish this book?
B....................... .............. .......................
15. A: Are there many flowers in the garden?
B: ........ ...... .................. ........................ .................... ..... ..................
EXERCISE 22 :FEW/A FEW/LITTLE/A LITTLE
Complete the sentences with "FEW", "A FEW", "LITTLE" or "A LITTLE".
1. Over the next.......................................... days, I want you to make sure you
get plenty of rest.
2. Yes, there are .......................................... grapes in the fridge.
3. There isn't much tea, but we only need .......................................... for a cup
of tea.
4. There are .......................................... books in this library about geology.
5. The mother was carrying her.......................................... child on her
shoulder.
6. Such opportunities are .......................................... in Turkey.
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7. There is only.......................................... whisky left.
8. It was very cold, so .......................................... people came to the meeting.
9. You eat very........................................... That's why you are so thin.
10. .....................................people are interested in this subject, so we will
cancel the course next month.
11. They have .......................................... food left; they cannot survive for
much longer.
12. There is .......................................... flour left, so Alice will
make .......................................... cakes.
13. She made .......................................... effort and she didn't do well in the
exam.
14. I will have .......................................... time this afternoon if you like to
come and see me.
15. Very.......................................... experiments have been done to find out the
cause of this disease.
16. He .......................................... knows what will happen in the future.
17. I am thinking of changing my job because there
are.........................................chances of promotion.
18. There is .......................................... milk in this bottle, but it is not enough
for both of you.
19. I have so .......................................... time that I cannot go there.
20. John was among the .......................................... who really understood this
matter.
21. ..........................................money was spent on the building and that is why
it collapsed.
22. When I moved into my flat, I had very ..........................................
furniture?
23. Janet went downtown to buy.......................................... things for the party.
24. He has .......................................... knowledge about this subject, so he
cannot pass the test.
44
25. I find it difficult to talk to Cecilia because we have
so .......................................... in common.
26. Selfish people often have .......................................... friends.
27. He cannot win the election. I think he has ..........................................
chance of success.
28. We have .......................................... tomatoes, so we can make soup.
29. There was only.......................................... information in the pamphlets.
30. I am not a vegetarian but I always eat.......................................... meat.
31. My mother speaks .........................................Polish, so we can talk to those
Polish tourists.
32. We have got a lot of rice, but only .......................................... cheese.
33. I have to work all the time and I have ........................................... time for
relaxation.
34. Didn't your father give you .......................................... advice before you
got married?
EXERCISE 23. INDEFINITE ARTICLES (A /AN)
Complete the sentences with the Indefinite Article "A", "AN" if it is necessary.
1. She is.... ......... real friend to me.
2. It is.. ............ dreadful weather, so we cannot, go anywhere.
3. What. ..... ..... terrible noise! I cannot hear anything.
4. What .................. beautiful flowers you have!
5. Mrs Jones is ........... air-hostess.
6. There is ........ ..... orange on the plate.
7. .................. German is more difficult than................... English.
8. How many minutes are there in.................. hour?
9. Germany is .... ..... .. European country
10. Helen is .. .... ..... English girl, and I am ................. Turkish boy.
11. ........... elephant is ......... ... big animal.
12. My father speaks ................. English with . ...... ... American
accent.
45
13. I have got.... .... ...umbrella.
14. Sonya is.. .... ..... very clever girl.
15. There is .................. engagement ring on her finger,
16. There is .......... .. sugar in this coffee.
17. That is.... .......... expensive radio; I cannot afford to buy it.
18. Elizabeth is .................. beautiful lady.
19. .............. iron is ............. metal.
20. There is ..... .... .. ashtray near the book.
21. ...... ....... Turkish is not.................. easy language at all.
22. Rose is at................... university in England, I think.
23. .................. lion is stronger than ................... tiger.
24. ... ....... apple is sweeter than ...... ..... lemon.
25. He is .................. English teacher at................... university in Tokyo.
26. ...............monkey is more intelligent than.. ............ dog.
27. I am..... ..... actor, and my wife is .............. actress.
28. She always gives me .................. piece of advice.
29. ..... .. honesty is the best policy.
30. She is ................ honest woman, but her husband is .......................
smuggler.
31. They are... .... ..... French doctors.
32. Is this ................. dagger which I see before me?
33. I am very much interested, in ............ classical music.
34. Let's go for .................. walk in the afternoon, shall we?
EXERCISE 24: EFINITE ARTICLE (THE)
Complete the following sentences with the definite article "THE" if it is necessary.
1. ................... other day I had a letter from my friend.
2. ................... Mount Everest is ................... highest mountain in ...................
world.
3. I play................... tennis every Saturday.
4. ................... sun rises in ................... east.
46
5. She is studying................... history of.................. China.
6. ................... smallest planet in our solar system is ................... Pluto.
7. Who invented ................... telephone?
8. She is ................... only woman I love.
9. ................... tiger is in ................... danger of dying out.
10. My sister goes to ................... school by................... bus every day.
11. It is easy to get to ................... Kadikoy on ................... foot.
12. Can you go by ................... train from ................... Alps
to ................... North Sea?
13. My friend works as a cook in ................... prison.
14. ................... poverty can lead to ................... unhappiness and
despair.
15. I have finished reading ................... book I bought last week.
16. ................... longest walk in ................... space was eight hours
twenty nine minutes in 1992.
17. I saw Jane at................... dinner in ................... Ankara yesterday.
18. Though he killed the man in self-defence, he has been
in ................... prison for a long time.
19. ................... Samsun is on ................... Black Sea.
20. They flew to ................... London from ................... Atatrk Airport.
21. My father will be going to ................... Netherlands on ...................
Monday.
22. My friend, who comes from................. Czech Republic, will go
to ................... United Kingdom.
23. ................... Titanic sank during her maiden voyage to ...................
United States of America.
24. ................... Thames flows through ................... London.
25. ................... woman in................... corner works for ...................
Daily Mirror.
26. ................... hotel in ................... Duke Street is ................... Grand
47
Hotel.
27. Mary goes to ................... church every Sunday.
28. Did you go to ................... cinema last night?
29. She was ................... first woman to go to ................... moon.
30. ................... Turkey of today is quite different from ...................
Turkey of yesterday.
31. ................... Mars is a very big planet in ................... solar system.
32. What did you do on ................... Saturday of that week?
33. I am currently working at................... University of Leeds.
34. ................... women live longer than ................... men.
EXERCISE 25:DEFINITE ARTICLE (THE)
Complete the following sentences with the definite article "THE" if it is necessary..
1. money doesn't always bringhappiness.
2. Does your father go to mosque ever; Friday?
3. Earth travels roundsun.
4. I think gas is cheaper than electricity,
5. milk contains a lot of vitamins.
6. We are going to win European Cup next year.
7. National Theatre is going to celebrate its thirteenth anniversary
soon.
8. Someone broke in and stole several paintings from Royal
Gallery last night.
9. Mark Spitz broke a lot of world records at1972 Olympics.
10. crime rate is on . increase in Turkey
11. life of Bill Clinton is very interesting.
12. Blues Band is appearing atOdeon on
Saturday,
13. We are going to Sudan next summer.
14. ship was sailing near North Pole.
15. last time I saw Rose was before she left for
48
Bahamas.
16. At moment he is writing forDaily News.
17. .............. cost of.wire is not included in
price ofticket
18. higher you climb, ................. further you fall.
19. wind is blowing hard now.
20. bread is made fromHour.
21. force of ................ explosion shattered all.............
windows other day.
22. We went to Trafalgar Square before visiting
Buckingham Palace.
23. Apollo programme was set up to explore
outer space.
24. Smith you are looking for no longer lives here.
25. Japanese admire traditions of
Chinese.
26. noise causes stress and makes ..... .......... blood-
pressure rise.
27. .............. Browns were having dinner when wind took
offroof of their house?
28. Tigers are likely to win Cup Final.
29. They took us to Hawaiian Islands in Pacific
Ocean.
30. Eileen kissed me on................. cheek.
31. They are going to pitch a tent near Lake Van.
32. Fortime being we are staying at.................. Sheraton.
33. Many people are afraid of death.

EXERCISE 26: DEFINITE ARTICLE (THE)


Complete the following sentences with the definite article "THE" if it is necessary.
49
1. ................... cancer causes a lot of suffering.
2. We will go to London on ................... twenty second of March.
3. ................... taxi took us to ................... Oxford Street.
4. She punched him on................... nose.
5. She is always complaining about................... traffic.
6. I have got two cats;.............. yellow one is called Cancan,.................. white
one is called Mestan.
7. ................... Ganges is a sacred river in ................... India.
8. ................... Beatles became famous in ................... year of 1960.
9. My mother is in ................ bed now because she didn't sleep at all last
night.
10. She touched me on ................... shoulder.
11. I am trying to reach ................... same level as ................... other
students in my class.
12. He is a receptionist at .................. Plaza Hotel.
13. He was taught all................... Spanish he knows by Carmen.
14. When I was five, I got................... mumps.
15. ................... former is not as complex as ................... latter.
16. People say that................... British are not very friendly.
17. If we don't protect................... nature, our environment will get
worse and worse.
18. I will take those letters to ................... post office in the afternoon.
19. My hotel was near................... Tower of London.
20. You mustnt' smoke on ................... Tube in London.
21. 21. James and Paul arrived at................... same time.
22. Mary looked up at................... sky in surprise.
23. ................... life has changed a lot during ................... last fifty years
in Turkey.
24. ................... faster she ran,...................the more tired she felt.
25. ................... detective stories are more interesting than ...................
50
love stories.
26. ................... meeting will be held at................... school.
27. What do you do when he plays ................... piano?
28. ................... football they play here is different from ...................
kind they play in Turkey.
29. My father is very much fond of................... music of...................
seventeenth century.
30. Do you want to study ................... history of................... Hittites?
31. ................... Peugeot 306 weighs 1150 kilograms.
32. We will visit................... Blue Mosque tomorrow.
33. I like rock music so I am going to ................... Rolling Stones'
concert.
34. Johann Strauss composed ................... Blue Danube.
EXERCISE 27: DEFINITE AND INDEFINITE ARTICLES (A / AN / THE)
Complete the following sentences with "A", "AN", "THE" if it is necessary.
1. I would like to be................ medical doctor.
2. Whatincredible story!
3. ............... Browns have ........... picnic every Sunday.
4. I often hear................... terrible noise in ................ morning.
5. .......... English is ......... ... most popular language in ..... .....world.
6. Let's go for.. ..... .... walk in ............... woods.
7. Take........ .... glass and pour yourself............ .drink.
8. In my opinion ............... penicillin is .. ..... ... most useful medicine.
9. I am going to .. ..... .. cinema with her.
10. .... ..... Egypt is ............ gift of.. . .......... Nile.
11. I have got.......... ... few eggs, so let's make .................. omelette.
12. Kzlrmak is . ............ longest river in .............. Turkey.
13. I want to make ..... ........ phone call to Paris.
14. Parts of... .. ... Netherlands are below ...... .... level of ..............
sea.
51
15. Make... .......... love, not. ... ....war.
16. If you make ..... ... .. promise, you must keep it.
17. I am going to do .......... . shopping in the morning.
18. The man set.... .... . fire to the factor)'.
19. We are talking about.. .. ..... Russian revolution.
20. Times is one of. ... .... Britain's oldest newspapers.
21. I am staying at............... home tonight.
22. We live in ........ ... France, not in .. .... United States.
23. Waiter! There is .............. hair in my soup.
24. They were selling coal by ................. ton.
25. Would you like ........... drink?
26. There is ... ......... radio in ... ..... . living room.
27. Would you like ........ ........ cup of................. tea?
28. ...... ..... Smiths have .. .. .... son and ..... ... daughter.
29. ..... ........ French eat in restaurants more than ........... English.
30. Jane plays ... .... .. flute very well.
31. I will have .................. little time this afternoon.
32. I drink ........... ... glass of........... milk before I go to ............. bed.
33. Edison invented ........... ... gramophone, not.................. telephone.
34. ........ ..... weather is very cold in ........ ...March.
EXERCISE 28: DEFINITE AND INDEFINITE ARTICLES (A/AN/THE)
Complete the following sentences with "A", "AN", "THE" if it is necessary.
1. There is................... Mr Williams waiting to see you.
2. Riding on................... back of................... motorcycle was ................... new
experience for her.
3. He has ................... devil of................... temper.
4. ................... Titanic was sunk by ................... iceberg.
5. Robin Hood robbed ................... rich to help ................... poor.
6. We do not go to ................... work on Sundays.
7. Some students hate going to ................... school.
52
8. It is such ................... bad weather that we can't go for................... picnic.
9. He is ................... best of husbands.
10. ................... more he practises,................... better he becomes.
11. Trabzon is on ................... Black Sea.
12. ................... generator produces ................... electricity.
13. Could I have ................... vodka and tonic, please?
14. Suleyman................... Magnificent was ................... most famous
Sultan in the Ottoman Empire.
15. You have saved my life, thanks ................... lot.
16. It is ................... most frightening experience I have ever had.
17. ................... lion is smaller than ................... elephant.
18. ................... Pope is to visit................... Cuba this month.
19. I have read ................... Koran many times, but I haven't
read ................... Bible yet.
20. .................. Israeli war planes have made ................... air raid
on ................... Palestinian targets.
21. ....... Parthenon is older than ............ Coliseums, but.......... Pyramids
are ................... oldest of all.
22. ................... very centre of the graveyard was ................... tomb
of................... Princess.
23. ................... poor envy ................... rich.
24. You are ................... very woman I wanted.
25. ................... Leonardo da Vinci painted ................... Mona Lisa.
26. ................... six oclock train doesn't suit us, I am sorry.
27. We have ................... lunch at................... one oclock every day.
28. ................... Sahara is ................... largest desert in ...................
world.
29. Every Christmas of my childhood was ................... same.
30. At what age do ................... children learn to tell................... truth?
31. ................... people do not play................... cricket in ..................
53
winter in ................... England.
32. On............... arrival in ................... United Kingdom all visitors go
through ................... Customs.
33. This is ................... last time we shall see him before he leaves for
Paris.
34. ................... teacher arrived at................... usual time.
EXERCISE 29 :ANOTHER /OTHER /OTHERS
Complete the following sentences with "ANOTHER", "OTHER" or "OTHERS".
1. I clean the house every.... .. ... ... ......... day.
2. These books are mine; the ..... ... ... ..... ... . belong to my father.
3. They are always lighting with each .. ..... .... .. ... .
4. I saw my English teacher the ............... ......... ... day
5. I liked this book, but my wife liked the ................... .... one more than
this.
6. May I have. .... ..... .... ..... .... slice of cake, please?
7. Do you really need ...... ... ... cup of coffee?
8. Do you think that there is life on ... ........ ..... .....planets?
9. She lost her ticket, so she had to buy ................... ... ... one.
10. The Twins Look alike. I cannot tell one from ............. .... ... .....
11. You have already met Peter, but I have two . .. .. .. .. .......
brothers.
12. These children are having tea in the canteen, but
the .. ...... ............. are waiting in the office.
13. She has taken . ............................. of my books.
14. Our hotel was cheaper than all the ................ .... .. .. in the city.
15. I prefer this chair To the ... .. .... ... .. . one, because it is more
comfortable.
16. ...... ..... ......... five years passed before they met again.
17. I have got.... .. ... .... .... ..... things to do.
18. A door opened at the ... .. ... .................... end of the corridor.
54
19. The man was waiting on the ...... ..................... side of the street.
20. We would like to learn about................ ..... .. ....peoples customs.
21. I am very busy now, I will see you .................................. .... time.
22. They went from one shop to .......... ... .... .... .....
23. ... ............................... want this job if you turn it down.
24. He made a drink for Christina, then poured .............. ..... .. ... for
himself,
25. There were some ................................... people in the
compartment.
26. She finished her cigarette, then lit................ ..... ..... ... one
immediately.
27. Professor Barry, among .. .. .... ... .... .. , has drawn attention to
this problem.
28. t is all past history and it happened in ..... ...... .. .. ...country.
29. Results in........... ................ countries are impressive.
30. They didn't dare to look at one ....................... ....... ....
31. He had a newspaper in one hand, his hat in the .. .. .. .....
32. She found one excuse after .......... ........................ to postpone the
meeting.
33. I shall wait here until.... ... .... ... ... .....come back.
34. We will get there one way or...... ... .... .... ... .
EXERCISE 30: ONE/ONES
Complete the following sentences with "ONE" or "ONES".
1. A: Which is your jacket?
B: The red woollen ..............................with pockets.
2. A: Are you going to buy a new car?
B: Yes, we are going to sell our present car and buy a new...............................
3. A: Is your car new?
B: No, my car is very old, but I cannot afford to buy a new...............................
4. A: Which envelopes do you want to buy?
55
B: The big ............................... please.
5. A: Which magazines would you like to read?
B: I would like to read the French...............................
6. A: Can I have some oranges, please?
B: Certainly, which .............................. do you want?
7. A: Is this your book?
B: Yes, this is my book, but that.............................. is hers.
8. A: This knife is dull. Do you have a sharp.............................?
B: Yes, we have a sharp ............................... but it is very expensive.
9. A: Do you like tennis?
B: Yes, I like all games, but tennis and basketball are the ..............................I like
best.
10. A: Was the last lesson difficult?
B: Yes, it was, but this .............................. we are doing now is very easy.
11. A: Is your plate dirty?
B: Yes, it is; bring me a clean ............................... please.
12. A: Are these books good?
B: Yes, they are, but those .............................. are much better than these.
13. A: Do you love cakes?
B: Yes, I do, especially the .............................. that my mother makes.
14. A: We have got a lot of records. Which .............................. do you want to
listen to?
B: I want to listen to the .............................. that you gave me yesterday.
15. A: Which books did you really enjoy reading?
B: The..............................I really enjoyed were love stories.
16. A: Do you like shrimps?
B: Yes, I like them very much but I prefer the North Sea .............................. to the
Mediterranean
17. A: Which would you rather love, a rich wife or a pretty..............................?
B: I would rather love a pretty...............................
56
EXERCISE 31: ELSE
Complete the following sentences with the words on the list below.
what else where else who else everybody
else
somebody else anybody else nobody else everyone else
someone else anyone else no one else everything
else
something else anything else nothing else everywhere
else
somewhere else anywhere else nowhere else
Example: A: Did you dance with Jane at the party?
B: No, I didn't. I danced with someone else at the party.
18. A: Does your father work here?
B: No, he doesn't. He works . .. .. ... ... .. .. .... ....
19. A: Did you visit Cathy?
B: No, we didn't visit Cathy, but we visited ................. .. ... .. ..... ....
20. A: Would you like to drink lea?
B: No, I wouldn't, but I would like to drink.... ...... ....... .............. .......................
21. A: Did you speak to Tom?
B: No, I didnt, but I spoke to . ... .... ..... ... .... .... .. ...
22. A: Did you go to Japan last year?
B: Yes, we did, but this year we are going ..... .. .. ...... .....................
23. A: Did you only ask James?
B: No, I didn't only asked James, but I asked... ... .... .... .... ... ...............
24. A: Are Jane and Maria here?
B: Yes, they are, but there isn't ... ... ... .... .... ..... .. .. .
25. A: Would you like ... ... .. .......... ....... ................. to drink?
B: No, I wouldn't like to drink .... .... .. .. .... ... .... ......
26. A: Did you go .............................. ........... ... .. after the party?
B: No, we didnt go .. ... .. .. ................. ...... .. after the party.
57
27. A: Are you going to London this summer?
B: No, I am going . ...... ... ... ............... ......... . this summer.
28. A: Have you been to London?
B: Yes, I have, but. I have never been ... . . ........ ............ .......... ...
29. A:.......... ..... ..... .... .. .................. did you do?
B: I did ....................... . .. .. .. .., I only slaved at home.
30. A: Has Kate been to France?
B: No, she hasnt, but she has been .. ... .... ... ... .. ..

EXERCISE 32 :ADJECTIVES/ADVERBS OF MANNER


Complete the following sentences with an "Adjective" or "Adverb of Manner".
Example : My sister speaks .............................. English, (perfect/ perfectly)
My sister speaks perfect English. My sister speaks English perfectly.
1. a.My brother plays the piano very ....................................... (good / well)
b.Catherine is very...................................... at tennis.
2. a. Her parents welcomed the visitors ....................................... (warm / warmly)
b.I always wear ...................................... clothes in winter.
3. a. We heard some ...................................... noises upstairs, (loud / loudly)
b.The children were shouting.......................................
4. a. Unemployment is a ...................................... problem in Turkey, (serious /
seriously)
b. She was ...................................... injured in the accident.
5. a. He saw a very ...................................... girl in the morning, (beautiful /
beautifully)
b.Maria was singing the Spanish songs very .......................................
6. a.The little girl looks rather ....................................... (sad / sadly)
b.The woman looked at the poor boy .......................................
7. a. The dollar has fallen ..................................... recently, (drastic / drastically)
b.We must take ...................................... measures to bring inflation down.
8. a. She was a very ...................................... student, (careful / carefully)
58
b.She wrote the letter very .......................................
9. a. The children waited ...................................... for the dentist, (quiet / quietly)
b.I don't know why she is so ...................................... today.
10 a. The children are playing very ...................................... at the moment, (bad /
badly)
b.There was a ...................................... accident, and many people were killed.
2. a. The moon moves ...................................... round the Earth, (slow /
slowly)
b.What do you know about...................................... erosion of rocks by the wind?
12. a. We had some ...................................... rain last week, (heavy / heavily)
b.It rained ...................................... last night.
13. a. He was a very ...................................... friend of mine, (close / closely)
b.The police car was following the woman very.......................................
14. a. English is ..................................... spoken all over the world, (wide / widely)
b.We are walking along the ...................................... road.
15. a. You should be ...................................... with your children, (patient / patiently)
b.The teacher always treats the students .......................................
16. a. My brother was very ...................................... about his clothes, (careless /
carelessly)
b. He ...................................... threw the china cups into a box.
EXERCISE 33: COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES
Complete the following sentences with the Comparative forms of "Adjectives" in
brackets.
Example : My sister is shorter than I /I am / me. (short)
I am heavier than she / she is / her. (heavy)
Peter looks much younger than he / he does / him. (young)
1. I am...... . ... .. .... .. ... my father (is), (tall)
2. The Taj Mahal is ......... ... .. ... ... ..... . the While House (is), (old)
3. This boxer is a bit.. .............................. ....... ......... the oilier one. (fast)
4. The Sun is..... .. .... ... .. .. ...... the Earth (is), (big)
59
5. The North Pole is a bit ........... .... .. .. ..... the South Pole (is), (cold)
6. Those grapes are a lot....... ...................... ..................... the others, (sweet)
7. Everest is ....... ... ..... .... .... .. .. any other mountain in the world, (high)
8. Interest rates are .................................... in Britain ................. in France,
(low)
9. The Mississippi is ........................................................ the Kzlrmak (is),
(long)
10. Today is. .......... .. .. .. .. .. ..it was yesterday, (hot)
11. The upstairs woman is ..................................... ... the downstairs woman,
(young)
12. This place is .... ... .... ... ....... .......... that deserted island, (safe)
13. Silver is................. .. .... .. ... ...gold, (cheap)
14. The sea today is much ................ ........................ it was yesterday, (calm)
15. The Pacific Ocean is ........ ...... .. ... .... ..... the Atlantic Ocean, (deep)
16. Your mother looks .. .. .. ... .... .... ... ...your father (does), I think,
(old)
17. Olga is ............................................................ her brother, (fat)
18. The apartment was ............................................. we had expected, (little)
19. February is ..... .... .... ..... .... .... ... ...April, (cold)
20. A train is not.............................. .......................... a bus. (quick)
21. The United States of America is .. .... ... ..... .... .. .. Canada, (large)
22. My brother is ........................................................... your brother (is),
(smart)
23. The Pound is ........................................................... the United States Dollar
(is), (strong)
24. Diana is ... ..... ... .. ... .. .. .... she was two years ago. (thin)
25. Today my secretary seems to be ....... .................................... she was
yesterday, (busy)
26. She is very much ... .. .. ... .... ...... .... . she was last year, (happy)
27. Today I am ................ ...................... I was yesterday, (angry)
60
28. Living in the country is ............................................ living in the city,
(healthy)
29. The weather is Konya is .. ... ... .. .... .... .. .. the weather in Antalya,
(dry)
30. This street is ..... ........... ......................... the street in which the children are
playing, (noisy)
31. Silvana is much................. ........................ ... the other girls I know, (pretty)
EXERCISE 34 : COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES
Complete the following sentences with the Comparative forms of "Adjectives" in
brackets.
Example: Kate is more intelligent than he / he is / him. (Intelligent)
Rose looks more cheerful than I /I do / me. (Cheerful)
We are more carefully than they / they are / them, (careful)
1. Istanbul is ..................................................................................................
Ankara (is), (crowded)
2. Imagination is ......................................................................................
knowledge (is), (important)
3. The food in Turkey is .............................................................. the food in
Germany, (delicious)
4. Dogs are .................................................................................................. cats
(are), (affectionate)
5. Mr Smith is ..................................................................................................
his wife (is), (sensible)
6. The man's own life was much ............................................................... Mr
Smith's, (interesting)
7. A cobra is ....................................................................................... a boa
constrictor, (dangerous)
8. Spanish is ................................................................................................
Italian, I think, (popular)
9. The dome of the Blue Mosque is ............................................. the dome of
61
St. Sophia, (elegant)
10. I think Chinese
is .............................................................................................. Turkish,
(difficult)
11. My car
is .................................................................................................. my father's,
(expensive)
12. This method is ............................................................... the one you
are talking about, (effective)
13. Swiss watches
are .....................................................................................other watches,
(reliable)
14. My brother's handwriting
is ..................................................................................... mine, (legible)
15. A train
is ................................................................................................. a bus.
(comfortable)
16. Riding a mountain bike
is ...................................................................................... jogging, (tiring)
17. Today the director is ........................................................................
he was yesterday, (furious)
18. She has a ...........................................
nature ......................................... her husband, (generous)
19. British Airways
is ................................................................................... Air France, (profitable)
20. This seems to be a .................... murder....................... the one you
are investigating, (mysterious)
21. Your mother is ............................................................ your father, I
think, (extravagant)
22. This holiday seems to be ....................................................... the one
62
we had last year, (exciting)
23. Susan is ..................................................................... the girl we met
at the party, (beautiful)
24. Hepatitis
is .................................................................................................. a sore throat,
(serious)
25. Dogs
are .................................................................................................. cats,
(playful)
26. Frankly speaking, Eileen
is ........................................................................... my sister, (attractive)
27. Monkeys
are .................................................................................................. dogs,
(obedient)
28. Living in a large city is
..................................................................living in a small one. (stressful)
29. These parents are .................................................................................
those parents, (audacious)
30. My daughter is ................................................................ my son in
solving problems, (successful)
31. I find swimming.......................................................................... most
other games, (relaxing)
EXERCISE 35:COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADVERBS
Complete the following sentences with the Comparative Forms of "Adverbs" in brackets.
Example: My father speaks English............ ... ..... . I /I do / me. (fluently)
My father speaks English more fluently than I / I do /me.
My girl runs ..... ...... ...... .. . he / he does / him. (fast)
My girlfriend runs faster than he / he does / him.
1. Sally types..... .................................................her sister (does) .(quickly)
2. The manager comes to the factory ........................ ....................... the
63
workers (do), (late)
3. A cat walks.. .... ...................... ...... .. a dog. (quietly)
4. Alice drives...................................... .... .... ..... Olga. (carelessly)
5. My father goes to the cinema................................. .... .......... my mother
(does), (frequently)
6. Susan dances .................. ... ... ........................................... Lolita (does),
(gracefully)
7. My mother walks. ... .... ......................................... ... .... ..... my
father (does), (fast)
8. Our teacher worked .................... ..... .... .. ..................... ....... . the
students (did), (hard)
9. Shakira sings ................................ ... ... .... anyone else I have ever
heard, (beautifully)
10. The hostess of the house welcomed
us ...................... .... ....... .... ... ................ the host, (warmly)
11. Nancy wrote the sentences ..................................... ............... Lora
(did), (neatly)
12. The teacher spoke ... ....................................... ... ... ... ........... all
the girls in the room, (slowly)
13. The captain talks about the accident ................................ . the
sailors, (cautiously)
14. My mother spends money ................. .................... ...... ...... my
father, (generously)
15. The boys are playing ............ ... ............................... the girls (are),
(noisily)
16. My daughter sings ........................................ ... ... ... .. ..............
my son (does), (excellently)
17. She described the
scenery... ... ... ................................. ... ..... .... .. the woman (did),
(vividly)
64
18. I arrived here ........ ... ............................... ..... ..... .... ... the other
students (did), (early)
19. This woman talks ............................... .......................... the men in
the government, (openly)
20. Thamanin the corner spoke ......... ............................................ the
chairman (did), (clearly)
21. The girl explained the
problems ................... ............................. .. ... the boy (did), (easily)
22. My husband usually comes home from
work....... ...... ................................ .... . this, (early)
23. Lara lives ......................... ... ....... .... .............. .... her husband,
(comfortably)
24. The boys are answering the questions ..... ......................................
the girls, (intelligently)
25. The teacher will arrive at the party........... .................. .... ... ....
the students, (soon)
26. My father waited for the result of my
exam ................................................... me. (impatiently)
27. The girls responded to my questions .... .. ...... ............ ..................
the boys, (politely)
28. The nurse answered my questions .. .... .. .. .........................
the doctor, (gently)
EXERCISE 36 : SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES
Complete the following sentences with the Superlatives forms of "Adjectives" in
brackets.
Example : Diana is the most beautiful girl in our school, (beautiful)
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, (high)
1. Maths is one of............................................................ subjects at school,
(interesting)
2. Asia is ............................................................ of the seven continents in the
65
world, (big)
3. Africa is ............................................................ of the four continents that I
have visited, (large)
4. This is ............................................................ restaurant in the town,
(expensive)
5. English is ............................................................ language in the world,
(popular)
6. Mont Blanc is ............................................................ mountain in Europe,
(high)
7. Frankly speaking,............................................................ city I stayed in was
Paris, (lovely)
8. The elephant is the animal that has ............................................................
memory, (long)
9. The Sahara is ............................................................ desert in the world,
(large)
10. He is ............................................................ person in the family, (obstinate)
11. The giraffe is ............................................................ of all animals, (tall)
12. July and August are ............................................................ months of the
year, (hot)
13. Sandy was ............................................................ girl in our school, (pretty)
14. December and January are ........................................................... months of
the year, (cold)
15. I think I am ........................................................ woman because I have got
a lot of money, (happy)
16. The teacher asked me ............................................................ question
during the exam, (difficult)
17. John is ............................................................ of the five children, (old)
18. To my way of thinking, my father is .................................................. man in
the world, (handsome)
19. Carol has ............................................................ dimples in the world,
66
(cute)
20. Once the Hilton hotel was ............................................................ hotel in
Istanbul, (luxurious)
21. My sister bought one of............................................................ cars in the
city, (cheap)
22. I think Nathalie Cardone is one of...................................................singers in
the world, (charming)
23. I think bungee jumping is ........................................................... sports of
all. (dangerous)
24. Molly is ............................................................ student in our class,
(intelligent)
25. The Beatles were perhaps ............................................................ group of
the 1960's. (well-known)
26. The football fans in Istanbul are ........................................................... in the
world, (enthusiastic)
27. Istanbul is ............................................................ city in Turkey, (crowded)
28. Sydney is probably ............................................................ city I have ever
visited, (spectacular)
29. Pollution is ............................................................ problem in most
countries in the world, (serious)
30. Unemployment is ............................................................ problem in Turkey,
(important)
31. According to .................................................. news, the government has
imposed a new tax. (late)
32. This is ............................................................ ice-cream I have ever eaten,
(delicious)
EXERCISE 37: COMPARATIVES / SUPERLATIVES
Complete the following sentences with the Comparative or Superlative forms of the
"Adjectives" or "Adverbs" in brackets.
1. An industrious student studies ............... .... .. ... a lazy student, (hard)
67
2. My sister is ... .. . ................. ... . .... member of my family, (musical)
3. I speak English ....... . .... .. my sister does, (badly)
4. I can read this book ........ ... .. .. .. . .. I can read that book, (easily)
5. I drew that picture . .. .. ........................ ... of any pictures I have ever drawn,
(carefully)
6. My mother sings .. .... . .. ... .. of anyone in our family, (beautifully)
7. Kate is ... ... ... .. . .. .. ... Ruth, (intelligent)
8. He is.. .. ... .... ... ... ... .. dancer of them all. (good)
9. The Swiss chocolate has. ........... .. ......... fat of all. (little)
10. Jupiter is .. ... .... ... ... ... .. ... planet in the solar system, (big)
11. My children behave ................... .................... ..... your children, (well)
12. Imagination is ....... .. .. ... .... .... . knowledge, (important)
13. Rose is a serious girl and behaves ................. ... ..... .... . all of us. (seriously)
14. What is ......... ............. .. ... .. way of getting from here to the station? (quick)
15. He was a bit depressed yesterday but he looks .. ... ... .... ... .. today,
(happy)
16. My father speaks English ............. ............ ................. my mother, (fluently)
17. Monica finished her work. ... .. .. ... ..... ... ... of all. (fast)
18. One of the dogs behaves .. ... .... ... .. ..... .... the other, (aggressively)
19. Sue smoked .. .... ...... ...... ........................... after the acupuncture treatment,
(little)
20. Olga knows a lot ... .... .... .. .. .... .. . about (he job ... .... . I do. (much)
21. My father gets up ... ....................................... I (do), (early)
22. What is ...... ................................ ...........river in the world? (long)
23. With a population of over 13 million Istanbul is. ... ... .... .. .. .. city in
Turkey, (crowded)
24. Travelling by plane is .. .. ... .................. ............ travelling by train, (fast)
25. Greenland is .................... ... ........ .island in the world, (large)
26. Harrods is probably one of .. .. ...........,................. department stores, (well-
known)
68
27. London Heathrow Airport is . ... ........ .. .. .. .. Tokyo Airport, (busy)
28. The film was .. .. .... ... .. . .............. the book, (interesting)
29. What is .. ......................................... restaurant in Istanbul? (fashionable)
30. That is .................................................... joke I have ever heard, (funny)
31. Natural food is ...... ......... ... ... ... ... fast food, (healthy)
32. It was an awful day In fact, it was ......................................................... day of my
life, (bad)
33. Chinese food is .. ............................................. food in the world, (healthy)
EXERCISE 38 COMPARATIVE / SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES
Make sentences using the Comparative and Superlative forms of the "Adjectives"
according to the information on the chart below.
Rose Mary Jane
tall * * **
1 beautiful ** * *
2 attractive * * **
3 charming ** * *
4 careful * ** *
5 intelligent ** * *
6 successful * * **
7 happy * ** *
8 cheerful ** * *

Example: Mary is tall. (Positive Degree)


Rose is taller than Mary (is). (Comparative Degree)
Jane is the tallest of the three. (Superlative Degree
1. a
ii. b
iii. c
2. a
iv. b
v. c
3. a
vi. b
69
vii. c
4. a
viii. b
ix. c
5. a
x. b
xi. c
6. a
xii. b
xiii. c
7. a
xiv. b
xv. c

EXERCISE 39: COMPARATIVE / SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADVERBS


Make sentences using the Comparative and Superlative forms of the "Adverbs" according
to the information on the chart below.
Eil Me An
1 well een* liss * *gel
2 fast **
3 fluently * * * *
4 hard ** *
5 early * * *
6 late ** *
*
7 beautif * * * *
8 generou * * * *
ully *
9 quietly * *

1. a
xvi. b
xvii. c
2. a
xviii. b
70
xix. c
3. a
xx. b
xxi. c
4. a
xxii. b
xxiii. c
5. a
xxiv. b
xxv. c
6. a
xxvi. b
xxvii. c
7. a
xxviii. b
xxix. c

EXERCISE 40: IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE / SUPERLATIVE FORMS


Complete the following sentences with the proper degrees of the "Adjectives" in brackets.
Example : a. English cheese is good. (Positive)
b. French cheese is better than English cheese. (Comparative)
c. Turkish cheese is the best of the three. (Superlative)
1.a. Carol's English pronunciation is ....................................... (bad / worse / the
worst)
b.Mandy's English pronunciation is ...................................... Carol's.
c.Jane's English pronunciation is ...................................... of the three.
2. a. Dilara has ...................................... books, (a lot of (many) / more / the most)
71
b. Melanie has .............................. books ................... Dilara (has).
c.Christina has ...................................... books of the three.
3. a. Selda has ...................................... money, (a lot of (much) / more / the most)
b. Muge has .............................. money................... Selda (has).
c.Patricia has ...................................... money of the three.
4. a. Belinda drinks ...................................... wine, (little / less / the least)
b. Maggie drinks .............................. wine ................... Belinda (does).
c.Pamela drinks ...................................... wine of the three.
5. a. Eskiehir is ...................................... from here, (a long way(far) / farther / the
farthest)
b. Ankara is ...................................... Eskisehir from here.
c.Erzurum is ...................................... of the three.
6. a. Janet is ...................................... (ill / worse / the worst)
b. Nora is .............................. Janet.
c.Betty is ...................................... of the three.
7. a. Carol feels ....................................... (well / better/ the best)
b. Susan is ...................................... Carol.
c.Matilda is ...................................... of the three.
8. a. Miranda has ...................................... eyes, (evil / worse / the worst)
b. Lolita has .............................. eyes ................... Miranda (has).
c.Diana has ...................................... eyes of the three.
9. a. Tom's essay is ...................................... (good / better / the best)
b. Roger's essay is ...................................... Tom's essay.
c.Allan's essay is ...................................... of the three.

EXERCISE 41: IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE FORMS


Complete the following sentences with the proper degrees of the "Adverbs" in brackets.
72
Example : a. Kate speaks Spanish well. (Positive)
b. Gilda speaks Spanish better than Kale (does). (Comparative)
c. Lora speaks Spanish the best of the three. (Superlative)
1. a. Monica works.. ... .... .... ............... (little / less / the least)
b.Christina works........ ............................... Monica (does).
c.Marcella works .... .......................................... of the three.
2. a. Olenda sleeps ....................................... .. (a lot (much) / more / the most)
b. Claudia sleeps .... .... .... .......... ........ Olenda (does).
c.Patricia sleeps ................................................ of the three.
3. a. Paul plays tennis ................................................. (well / better / the best)
b. George plays tennis .......................................... Paul (does).
c. Charles plays tennis ..... .... ..... .... ..... of the three.
4. a. Nathalie sings Turkish songs .................................................. (badly / worse / the
worst)
b. Olga sings Turkish songs ... ....... ..... ... ....... Natalie (does).
c.Natasha sings Turkish songs ................................................ of the three.
5. a. Cinderella worked ................ (hard / harder / the hardest)
b. Rosemary worked................................................ Cinderella (did).
c.Elizabeth worked ........................ ..... .. of the three.
6. a. Rose gets up ..... .... .... ...................... (late /later / the latest)
b. Carol gets up ................................... Rose (does).
c. Nancy gets up ............................ .... .. of the three.
7. a. Jack ran .................................................. (fast / faster / the fastest)
b. Danny ran ........................................ Jack (did).
c. Tony ran .... ..... ..... ... ................ of the three.
8. a. Selda gets up ................................................ in the morning, (early / earlier / the
earliest)
b. Mge gets up ........... .... .................... Selda in the morning.
c. Nkhet gets up................................................ of the three in the morning.

73
EXERCISE 42: COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES
Rewrite the following sentences using the Comparative forms of "Much" or "Little"
without changing the meaning of the sentence.
MUCH MORE THE MOST LITTLE LESS THE
LEAST

Example : My book is more interesting than yours. Your book is less interesting than
mine.
1. Martha was more polite than Sharon (was).
2. Her chair is less comfortable than mine.
3. My father is more successful than yours.
4. My dog is less playful than hers.
5. I am more forgetful than Julia (is).
6. That snake is less dangerous than this snake.
7. Our teacher is more cheerful than theirs.
8. Travelling by air is more exciting than travelling by sea.
9. Margaret is less obedient than her sister.
10. Your classroom is noisier than ours.
11. A thunderstorm is less terrible than a hurricane.
12. Fishing is more relaxing than tennis.
13. A cold is less serious than flu.
14. Pamela is more helpful than Melissa (is).
15. Fiona is less enthusiastic than Stella (is)

74
EXERCISE 43 : DIFFERENT COMPARATIVE /SUPERLATIVE FORMS
Complete the following sentences with the Comparative and Superlative forms of the
"Adjectives" and "Adverbs" in brackets.
Example : a. Tom Cruise is handsomer than Mel Gibson. (handsome)
Tom Cruise is more handsome than Mel Gibson.
b. Kevin Costner is the handsomest of all the actors I know.
Kevin Costner is the most handsome of all the actors I know.
a. Julia is ................................................................. ... most people think,
(clever)
Julia is ................................ ..... ........ most people think.
b. Jennifer is ............................................................................ girl in London.
Jennifer is .............................................................................. girl in London.
a. This hotel is ... ......... ... ... .... .... .... ........ ... the hotel you are staying at.
(noisy)
This hotel is ............................................................. the hotel you are staying at.
b. This street is .......................................................................... street in Istanbul.
75
This street is ......................... ......... ..... ......... street in Istanbul.
a. Zeynep is ............................ ....... .. .... ..... Melissa. ( friendly)
Zeynep is .. .... ... ... ............... .......... ..... ..Melissa.
b. Isabella is ..... .......... .... .... .. ...... .... ........ girl on our team.
Isabella is ................................................................................ girl on our team.
a. Rose has got a .... .... ......... ... ..... smile ....... ..... .... ...... .....Helen (has),
(pleasant)
Rose has got a ............................................... smile ..............................................
Rose (has).
b. Helen has got.... ....... .. .... .... ..... .... .... ... .smile in the world.
Helen has got.... .. .............................................. smile in the world.
a. This law is ....................................................................... the one we are discussing
about, (common)
This law is .................................. .............................. ... the one we are discussing
about.
b. I think,... ..... .............. .... ... .... .... ..... ..surname in Turkey is "entrk".
I think,.............. ....................................................... surname in Turkey is "
entrk ".
a. My nephew is.. ............. ... .................................... my niece, (polite)
My nephew is ............................................................ ... .. my niece.
b. Maria is .................................... .... .... .... ... . woman in the group.
Maria is ........................... .. .. .... ....... . woman in the group.
a. This path has a .... ......... .... ..... .... .slope........................................... that one.
(gentle)
This path has a .. ..................................... slope ........................... .... that one.
b. He was .............................................................................. man I have ever met.
He was ........ .... ..... ... ... ... .... .. .... ... man I have ever met

a. This plan of this building is ..................................................... that plan you are


working on. (simple)
76
This plan is ................................................................................ that plan you are
working on.
b. This is ................................................................................ mistake they have ever
made.
This is ................................................................................ mistake they have ever
made.
a. This man is ................................................................................ Jack the Ripper,
(cruel)
This man is ................................................................................ Jack the Ripper.
b. This is ................................................................................ treatment we have
received for years.
This is ................................................................................ treatment we have
received for years.
a. The new vacuum cleaner is .............................................................. the one we used
before, (quiet)
The new vacuum cleaner is ........................................................................... the one
we used before.
b. This is ............................................................................. washing-machine we have
ever bought.
This is ...................................................................................... washing-machine we
have ever bought.
a. That boy is ........................................................................................... I think,
(stupid)
That boy is ........................................................................................... I think.
b .That is ........................................................................................... idea that has
come to my mind.
That is ........................................................................................... idea that has
come to my mind.
a. This road is ........................................................................................... that road,
(narrow)
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This road is ........................................................................................... that road.
b. This is ........................................................................................... river in the Black
Sea region.
This is ........................................................................................... river in the Black
Sea region.
a. This part of the river is ...................................................................................... the
other part, (shallow)
This part of the river is ...........................................................................................
the other part.
b. This is ........................................................................................... part of the river.
This is ........................................................................................... part of the river.
a. Zeynep speaks ........................................................................................... Selda .
(loud)
Zeynep speaks........................................................................................... Selda.
b. Gnl speaks ........................................................................................... of the three.
Gnl speaks ........................................................................................... of the
three.
a. Helen goes to the cinema .........................................................................................
Nancy, (often)
Helen goes to the cinema ...........................................................................................
Nancy.
b. Helga goes to the cinema ...........................................................................................
of the three.
Helga goes to the cinema ...........................................................................................
of the three.

EXERCISE 44 : COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF NOUNS


78
Complete the following sentences with the different quantities of "Nouns" using the
"Words" in brackets.
i. MUCH + UNCOUNTABLE NOUN
ii. MANY + COUNTABLE NOUN
iii. LITTLE + UNCOUNTABLE NOUN
iv. FEW + COUNTABLE NOUN
Examples: a. Pamela has a lot of (much) time. (Positive)
b. Susan is more Time than Pamela (has). (Comparative)
c. Alice has the most time of the three. (Superlative)
a. Matilda has few friends.
b. Mary has fewer friends than Matilda (has)
c. Janet has the fewest friends of the three.
1. Helga has .... .. ....... ... children, (a lot of (many) / more / the most)
Rita has ..................................... children ...................... Helga (has).
Clarissa has .............................. children of the three.
2. George has .......... .......... money, (little / less / the least)
Tom has .... .. ....... .. . money .. ........... George (has).
Jim has ..................................... money of the three.
3. Aysegl has ........................ imagination, (little / less / the least)
Fates has ..................................... imagination .... .......... Aysegl (has).
Ipek has ............ .... .... imagination of the three.
4. There was..... .... ... .. ... pollution in Ankara, (a lot of (much) / more / the most)
There is ...................................... pollution in Ankara ...................... there was five
years ago.
The managing director gets ..... ... .... .... money in our office.
5. There were ...................................... educational programs, (few / fewer / the
fewest)
There are .... .... ...... .... .... educational programmes .... ...... there were two years
ago.
We have got ..... ....................... educational programmes this year.
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6. Monica has ..................................... books, (few / fewer / the fewest)
Rosemary has .. .... .. ... .......books.. ..... ...... Monica (has).
Nancy has .............. ............. books of the three.
7. Dilara has ..................................... patience, (a lot of (much) / more / the most)
Claudia has....... ........ .........patience... ..... ...Dilara (has).
Marcella has ... .... ............... patience of the three.

EXERCISE 45 : COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES (SIMILARITY)


Combine the following pairs of sentences using the following "Comparative Structure".
AS + ADJECTIVE + AS
Example: Julia is very beautiful. Linda is very beautiful, too. Julia is as beautiful as
Linda (is) .

1. Paul has a lot of (many) children. Jack has a lot of (many) children, too.
2. The box is very heavy. The bag is very heavy, too.
3. Maria is very fat. Angela is very fat, too.
4. The red flower is very beautiful. The blue flower is very beautiful, too.
5. Mary is very careful. Sandra is very careful, too.
6. The Statue of Liberty is very famous. The Tower of London is very
famous, too
7. Leyla is very young. Zeynep is very young, too.
8. Lolita is very poor. Rosemary is very poor, too.
9. This problem is very difficult. That problem is very difficult, too.
10. Horror films are very thrilling. Science fiction films are very thrilling, too.
11. My father is very cheerful. My mother is very cheerful, too.
12. My brother is very rich. Your brother is very rich, too.
13. Matilda is very friendly. Rebecca is very friendly, too.
14. I have a lot of (many) books. Peter has a lot of (many) books, too.
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15. Hilda has a lot of (much) money. Sharon has a lot of (much) money, too.
16. My sister is talented for music. My brother is talented for music, too.

EXERCISE 46 : COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADVERBS (SIMILARITY)


Combine the following pairs of sentences using the following "Comparative
Structure".
AS + ADVERB + AS
Example: Rose speaks German very well. Kate speaks German very well, too.
Rose speaks German as well as Kale (does).
Kale ran very fast. Melissa ran very fast, too.
Melissa ran as fast as Kale (did)

1. Melissa speaks Polish very fluently. Susan speaks Polish very fluently, too.
2. Tom works very hard. Diana works very hard, too.
3. My father plays the piano very badly. My mother plays the piano very
badly, too.
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4. Paul began playing the piano very late. Peter began playing the piano very
late, too.
5. Martha started very early. Claudia started very early, too.
6. Peter writes very slowly. Tom writes very slowly, too.
7. Marry danced very gracefully. Belly danced very gracefully, too.
8. Tina runs very fast. Hilary runs very fast, too.
9. I play the piano very beautifully. Sally plays the piano very beautifully, too,
10. Lara speaks Russian very perfectly. Olga speaks Russian very
perfectly.
11. Betty smokes a lot (much). Carol smokes a lot (much), too.
12. The President spoke very carelessly. The Premier spoke very
carelessly, too.
13. My sister drives very carefully. My brother drives very carefully,
too.
14. Tom escaped from prison mysteriously. Roger escaped from prison
mysteriously, too.
15. The man expressed his opinion clearly. The girl expressed her
opinion clearly, too.

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EXERCISE 47: COMPARISONS OF ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
Combine the following pairs of sentences using the "Structure" below.
NOT AS/NOT SO + ADJECTIVE + AS
NOT AS/NOT SO + ADVERB + AS
Example: The red book is thick. The green book is very thick. (ADJECTIVE)
The red book is not as thick as the green one. The red book is not so thick
as the green one.
Mary sings beautifully. Helen sings very beautifully. (ADVERB)
Mary does not sing as beautifully as Helen (does). Mary does not sing so beautifully as
Helen (does).

1. Madrid is famous. Paris is very famous.


2. Ankara is crowded. Istanbul is very crowded.
3. Turkey is powerful. The United States of America is very powerful.
4. My father is young. My mother is very young.
5. Melissa is happy. Zeynep is very happy.
6. A Mercedes is expensive. A Rolls Royce is very expensive.
7. A dog is intelligent. A monkey is very intelligent.
8. Jane is careful. Molly is very careful.
9. The first problem was difficult. The second problem was very difficult.
10. My father plays the flute excellently. My sister plays the flute very
excellently.
11. Natalie speaks English well. Lora speaks English very well.
12. My father behaves strangely. My mother behaves very strangely.
13. My father explains the lesson clearly. My teacher explains the lesson very
clearly.
14. The boys did well in the exam. The girls did very well in the exam.

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EXERCISE 48 :THE SAME + NOUN + AS
Combine the following pairs of sentences using structures below and the "Nouns" in
brackets.
THE SAME + NOUN + AS
Example: My book is red. His book is red. (colour)
My book is the same colour as his book.
His book is the same colour as mine (my book).

1. The red dress costs fifty dollars. The blue coat costs fifty dollars, (price)
2. Jane is six years old. Marjorie is six years old. (age)
3. My father plays the violin. My brother plays the violin, (musical
instrument)
4. James has scarlet fever. Monica has scarlet fever, (disease)
5. Maria is studying Arabic. Julia is studying Arabic, (language)
6. Iran has a warm climate. Egypt has a warm climate, (kind of climate)
7. My mother was wearing a skirt. My sister was wearing a skirt, (kind of
clothing)
8. I am fond of antiques. My mother is fond of antiques, (kind of furniture)
9. I arrived home at ten oclock. Rose arrived home at ten oclock, (time)
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10. Maggie likes spaghetti. Martha likes spaghetti, (kind of food)
11. Rose had twenty dollars. Lisa had twenty dollars, (amount of money)
12. Helen has five children. Angela has five children, (number of children)
13. I am six feet tall. My sister is six feet tall, (height)
14. Songl lives in Paris. Sebnem lives in Paris, (city)
15. The hotel is two miles from here. The train station is Two miles from here,
(distance)

EXERCISE 49 : COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE
Complete the following sentences with "IN", "THAN", "OF", "THE", "THE SAME" or
"AS ... AS".

1. My father is older.......................................... my mother.


2. Istanbul is .......................................... most crowded
city .......................................... Turkey.
3. Tom Cruise is ..........................................
handsome .......................................... Mel Gibson.
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4. Antalya is not..........................................
beautiful.......................................... Istanbul.
5. Eileen is .......................................... most beautiful
girl.......................................... the world.
6. The city is noisier .......................................... the country.
7. The cheetah is .......................................... fastest
animal.......................................... all.
8. Julia is .......................................... richest.......................................... the
three.
9. You are losing weight but you are eating.......................................... as you
usually do.
10. We stayed at.......................................... cheapest
hotel.......................................... the town.
11. Everest is .......... highest mountain in the world. It is higher...........
any other mountain in Turkey.
12. It was one of.......................................... most enjoyable holidays we
have ever had.
13. Debbie went to .......................................... school as Ann did.
14. I don't read ..........................................
quickly .......................................... he does.
15. I wear .......................................... perfume as my mother does.
16. ............................ older you grow,.................................... more
intolerant you become, father!
17. The women in this factory work under..........................................
conditions as me.
18. There weren't......................... many people at this
meeting......................................... the last one.
19. The meal cost less.......................................... I expected.
20. Greenland is .......................................... biggest
island.......................................... the world.
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21. My exam results are nearly.......................................... as yours; that's
a real coincidence.
22. The leather coat is half...................................
expensive .......................................... the fur one.
23. She makes more phone calls .......................................... anyone else.
24. .............................more he studied,......................... easier for him to
solve the maths problems.
25. The weather in Konya is drier .......................................... the
weather in Antalya.
26. Your name is .......................................... as my uncle's.
27. December is colder ...................... November, but January
is ................coldest..................... all.
28. My job is ..........................................
difficult.......................................... your father's.
29. The food in Turkey is more delicious .......................................... the
food in Germany.
30. Today my secretary is busier ......................................... she was
yesterday.
31. The Toyota is .................................. most economical
car .......................................... the world.
32. The weather today is worse .......................................... it was
yesterday.
33. You are more beautiful..................... yesterday, less
beautiful................................ tomorrow.
EXERCISE 50 :PARALLEL COMPARATIVE (THE .... THE ...)
Rewrite the following sentences using the "Comparative Structure" below.
THE + COMPARATIVE..., THE + COMPARATIVE...
Example: If you eat more, you get fatter.
The more you eat, the fatter you get.

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1. If it becomes winner, you want to work less.
2. If the wage increases bigger, the rate of inflation is / will be higher.
3. If he had more free time, he felt more relaxed.
4. If she felt tired, she ran more slowly.
5. If he was more worried, he smoked more cigarettes.
6. If he smoked more cigarettes, he ate less.
7. If Rosemary gets richer, she becomes more selfish,
8. If I know more, I become more aware of my ignorance
9. If I work harder, I succeed / will succeed better.
10. If you climb higher, you can see more.
11. If he gets older, he becomes / will become more bad tempered,
12. If you read more carefully, you understand / will understand better.
13. If you work harder, the exam will be easier,
14. If I practise playing the piano more, I become / will become more
frustrated.
15. If your children grow older, they become / will become more tolerant.

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EXERCISE 51 COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE
Answer the following questions.
A: What is the most expensive city in the world to live in?
B: .............................................................
A: What city in Turkey has the most crime?
B: .............................................................
A: Who is the tallest person in your family?
B: .............................................................
A: Which is more expensive, a Mercedes or a Rolls Royce?
B: .............................................................
A: Have you got more money or less money than your father has?
B: ............................................................
A: Which is longer, the Mississippi or the Amazon?
B: ............................................................
A: Is your mother as tall as your father (is)?
B
A: What is the name of the highest mountain in the world?
B: ............................................................................................
A: Which is more intelligent, a horse or a monkey?
B: ................................................................
A: What is the shortest month of the year?
B: .........................................................
A: What is the most popular sport in your country?
B: .............................................................
A: Do you always spend more money than your father?
B: .........................................................
A: What is the most boring film you have ever seen?
B: ............................................................
A: Is your hair as long as it used to be?
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B: ............................................................
A: Which is more comfortable, a train or a plane?
B: .................................................................................................
A: Can you run as fast as your friend?
B: .............................................................
A: Who is the most famous person you have ever met?
B: .............................................................
EXERCISE 52: COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE
Answer the following questions.
A: Who is the funniest comedian in Turkey?
B: .........................,.................................................................................................................
...
A: Who is the best football player in Turkey?
B: ............................................................................................................................. .....
A: Who is the richest person in Turkey?
B: ...................................................................................................... ........................ .... ......
...
A: Can you speak English as fluently as your teacher?
B: ...................................... ....................................................................................................
.....
A: Who is the most cheerful person in your family?
B: ............................................................................................... ...........................................
..
A: Which is the largest continent in the world?
B: ..........................................................................................................................................
A: What is the coldest month of the year?
B: ...........................................................................................................................................
.
A: Is France more powerful than the United States of America?
B: ...................................... ....................................................................................................
90
.....
A: Is an elephant taller or shorter than a donkey?
B: ...................................... ....................................................................................................
.....
A: Is the weather today better or worse than it was yesterday?
B: ...........................................................................................................................................
.
A: Who is younger, your mother or your father?
B: ............................................................................................... ......... .............................. ..
..
A: Which is more expensive, Istanbul or Tokyo?
A: Is mathematics more difficult or less difficult than chemistry?
B: ...........................................................................................................................................
..
A: Forty years ago, was life easier or more difficult than it is today?
B: ................................................................................................................................
A: What is the most difficult language in the world?
B: ........ ....................................................................... .... . ........................................ ..........
..
A: Is a monkey more intelligent or less intelligent than a donkey?
B:
A: Can you speak French as fluently as a Frenchman?
B: ...............................................................................................................................

EXERCISE 53: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (VERB: BE)


Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the verb "BE" in "The Present
Simple".
AM IS ARE
A:.............................. your father a pilot with KLM?
B: No, he .............................. not. He .............................. a pilot with Turkish Airlines.
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A: .............................. the windows of the car open?
B: Yes, they .............................. open.
A:.............................. you American citizens?
B: No, we .............................. not American citizens. We .............................. Turkish
citizens.
A:.............................. Atatrk in the hearts of Turkish people?
B: Yes, of course, he .............................. in the very hearts of Turkish people?
A:.............................. your parents the members of this club?
B: No, they .............................. not the members of this club.
A:.............................. the weather very cold today?
B: No, it.............................. not very cold today.
A:.............................. you and Elizabeth cousins?
B: No, we .............................. not cousins. We .............................. not related to each
other.
A:.............................. the students in the garden?
B: Yes, they.............................. in the garden.
A. .............................. your baby in bed?
B: No, it.............................. not in bed. It.............................. in my arms.
A:.............................. your father very good at tennis?
B: Yes, he .............................. very good at tennis.
A:............................. your teachers well-qualified?
B: Yes, they.............................. well-qualified.
A:.............................. you very clever?
B: No, I.............................. not very clever.
A:............................. I at the service of the King?
B: Of course, you .............................. at the service of the King.
A:.............................. one of the teachers in hospital now?
B: Yes, one of the teachers .............................. in hospital now.
A:.............................. all the children in front of the building?
B: Yes, all the children .............................. in front of the building.
92
A:.............................. your father an officer in the Turkish Air Force?
B: No, he .............................. not an officer in the Turkish air Force. He is in the
Turkish Navy.

EXERCISE 54 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (VERB: BE)


Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative'.
Example: Are you from the United States of America?
Yes, I am from the United States of America.
No, I am not from the United States of America.
1. Is your father fond of classical music?
a. Yes, ................... .. .... .... ....................... ... ..... .........................
b. No, ........ ... ... .... .............................. .. .. .................... .....
2. Are there many parks in Istanbul?
Yes, .................... .. ... .... ... ..................... .... .... ... ..... ...
No, .... ... ... ..... .... ....................... ... ... .. ...... ..................
3. Are they proud of their children?
Yes,...................................... ............................. ..... .... .. .
No, ................... .... ........ .... ....................... ... .... ........................
4. Are your children afraid of spiders?
a. Yes, ... ..................... ... .... ... ..................... ... ..... .... ..
No, .... ... .... ..... ... .. ........................ ... .. ...........................
5. Is bungee jumping a very exciting sports?
Yes, ............. ... .... ... .................................. ..... .. .... .... ...........
No, ..... ..... .... ..... ... ...................... ... ... .... ......................... .
6. Are your classmates interested in Turkish literature?
Yes, ............................ ... ... ................................ ..... .... ...........
No,. ....... ... .. .... .................. ....... ..... ... ........................ .
7. Is there any water in the bottle?
a. Yes, ................... ... .......... ........................ ... ... .... .. ..................
No,... .. .. .... ... ............................. ... ..... ........................ .. .
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8. Are the rooms of this hotel full of tourists?
a. Yes, ... .... ............... ........ ... .. ................ .. .. ... ... .
No,...................... .... ... ... ...................... .... ..... .... ................
9. Ami familiar with this type of work?
a. Yes, .... ................... .... ... ..... ............... .. .... ... .. ........
b .No, ..... ... .. ... ................ .. ......... ....................... ... ..
10. Are you ashamed of your poor clothes?
a. Yes, .... .... .................. .... ... ... ............................. ... .. ... ..
b. No,.. .... ....... ....... .... .. ... .. ....................... ..... ... .......

EXERCISE 55: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (HAVE GOT/ HAS GOT)


Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example: Have you got a calculator? Has your sister got
a car?
Yes, I have got a calculator. Yes, she has got a
car.
No, I have not got a calculator. No, she has not
got a car.

1. Has your mother got small hands?


a. Yes, .........................................................................................................
b. No, ..........................................................................................................
2. Have you got a villa in Istanbul?
a. Yes, .........................................................................................................
b. No, ..........................................................................................................
3. Has your father got a gold watch?
a. Yes, .....................................................................................................
b. No, ......................................................................................................
4. Have you got a long beard?
a. Yes, ....................................................................................................

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b. No, .............................................................................................
5. Have your parents got two dogs?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................
b. No, ................................................................................................
6. Has Maria got a beautiful garden?
a. Yes, ..............................................................................................
b. No, ...............................................................................................
7. Have you got three children?
a. Yes, .............................................................................................
b. No, ..............................................................................................
8. Has your sister got a bad cold?
a. Yes, .............................................................................................
b. No, ..............................................................................................
9. Has Istanbul got many historical places?
a. Yes, .............................................................................................................
b. No, .............................................................................................................
10. Have you got much money in your pocket?
a. Yes, ...................................................................................................
b. No, ..................................................................................................
EXERCISE 56 :THE PRESENT SIMPLE
Complete the questions using 'The Auxiliary Verbs" on the list below and the correct
forms of the "Main Verbs" in the answers.
DO / DOES
Example: A: What time do the Browns have breakfast?
B: They have breakfast at seven oclock.
1. A: Whenthe childrentennis?
B: The children play tennis in the afternoon.
2. A: Howthe studentsthe
problems?
B: The students solve the problems easily.
95
3. A: What timeyour sisterto bed?
B: My sister goes to bed at eleven oclock.
4. A: How much
moneyyour father?
B: My father earns a lot of money.
5. A: Whoyour fatherto the cinema every
week?
B: My father takes me to the cinema every week.
6. A: Whatyouwith?
B: I write with a pen,
7. A: Whereyour son?
B: My son works in a hospital in Istanbul.
8. A: Whoyour sister?
B: I think she loves Kevin Costner.
9. A: How longit you to go To school by
bus?
B: It takes me twenty minutes to go to school by bus.
10. A: How longyour fatherin the
waiting room?
B: My father waits in the waiting room until the train comes.
11. A: With whomBettyin London?
B: Betty lives with her parents in London.
12. A: Who/whomthe teachera piece of
advice?
B: The teacher gives the students a piece of advice.
13. A: How much timethe doctorsto
play tennis?
B: The doctors have a lot of time to play tennis.
14. A: How oftenyour brotherto the
theatre?
96
B: My brother goes to the theatre twice a month.
15. A: How many hoursyour sister
English every day?
B: My sister studies English for two hours every day.
EXERCISE 57 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE
Substitute "HE" or "SHE" for the subject in each of the following sentences
Example : The children study their lessons every day.
He studies his lessons every day. She studies her lessons every
day.
1.I teach Japanese to my parents on Sunday mornings.
She ....................................................................................
2. We have German lessons in the morning.
He .....................................................................................
3. The workmen rush at the children.
She ....................................................................................
4. We do our homework at home.
He .....................................................................................
5. They cry for their beloved country
She ....................................................................................
6. They fly to London every Saturday
He .....................................................................................
7. I do not have any money in my pocket.
She ....................................................................................
8. You go to the cinema by yourself.
He .....................................................................................
9. They try to do their homework in the morning.
She ....................................................................................
10. We watch television every night.
He ....................................................................................
11. Those people box excellently.
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She ...................................................................................
12. The workers hurry to the factory early in the morning.
He ....................................................................................
13. The children don't go to the cinema on Sundays.
She ...................................................................................
14. My friends have a picnic on the island every week.
He ....................................................................................
15. We don't take Julia to the cinema every week.
She ...................................................................................
16. The teachers relax and forget about their problems at school.
He .........................................................................
EXERCISE 58 :THE PRESENT SIMPLE
Give "Negative" answers to the questions and then "Positive" answers, using the words in
brackets.
Example A: Is your sister married to Abbas? (Binali)
B: No, She is not married to Abbas. She is married to Binali.
A: Does your father work in London? (Paris)
No,


A: Do you speak German? (Spanish)
No,


A: Does your sister live with Orhan? (Mslim)
No,


A: Is your sister's name Margaret? (Julia)
No,
98


A: Are you from Istanbul? (Mersin)
No,


A: Does this book cost 25 dollars? (50 dollars)
No,


A: Do you like playing the piano? (the guitar)
No,


A: Does she always talk about slavery? (freedom)
No,


A: Is your lather a teacher? ( a medical doctor)
No,


A: Do you often go to Darende on business? (Grn)
No,


A: Do you want to sell your house? (my car)
No,


99
A: Do your children like classical music? (pop music)
No,


A: Is your father at home? (at work)
No,


A: Does your father speak English well? (badly)
No,


A: Do you drink coffee at the parties? (juice)
No,


A: Is your brother engaged to Canan? (Jale)
No,


EXERCISE 59 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (SIMPLE SENTENCE)
Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example: Do you speak Russian very well?
a. Yes, I speak Russian very well.
b. No, I do not speak Russian very well.
1. Do you always spend your summer holidays in Antalya?
a. Yes,...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
2. Do you know how to make coffee?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
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b. No,.................................................................
3. Does money always bring happiness?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
4. Does your father usually watch television at night?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
5. Do your friends have a picnic on the island every Sunday?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
6. 6. Does your English teacher always speak English in class?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
7. Do you cheat in the examination once in a while?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
8. Do you usually help your mother in the kitchen?
c. Yes, ...............................................................
d. No,.................................................................
9. Does the train always arrive at the station on time?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
10.Does your older brother generally take you to the theatre on Saturdays?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................

1. Do I frequently ask you easy questions?


a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
2. Does your father speak several foreign languages?
101
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
3. Do we always play tennis on Sunday mornings?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
4. Does your mother get up early in the morning?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
5. Does your sister wear very expensive clothes?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
6. Do you always drink tea at breakfast?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
7. Do the people in your village regularly go to mosque?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
8. Do you always make mistakes in English?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b.No,.................................................................
9. Does your teacher generally sit in the sun?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
10. Do your parents always go for a walk in the country?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
11. Does your teacher always tell you to practise your English?
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
12. Do people smoke cigarettes in the theatre in Turkey?
102
a. Yes, ...............................................................
b. No,.................................................................
EXERCISE 60 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)
Write questions for the answers beginning with the "Question Words" given.
Example: A: Where does Abbas go every week?
B: Abbas goes to the cinema every week.
A: How many........................................................................................................
B: Melissa has got two sisters.
A: Who ........................................................................................................
B: My brother doesn't play backgammon with me.
A: How often ........................................................................................................
B: My English teacher visits his parents twice a week.
A: How long ........................................................................................................
B: The students study English for two hours every day.
A: What time ........................................................................................................
B: Helen usually goes to bed at eleven oclock.
A: How long ........................................................................................................
B: It takes my father three hours to go to work by bus.
A: Who ........................................................................................................
B: I am married to Jennifer.
A: What ........................................................................................................
B: The history exam starts at ten oclock sharp.
A: What ........................................................................................................
B: My son is a medical doctor.
A: Where ........................................................................................................
B: Erzurum is in the east of Turkey.
A: How ........................................................................................................
B: My friends always go to school on foot.
A: How old ........................................................................................................
B: My brother is twenty five years old.
103
A: How ........................................................................................................
B: My daughter is very well, thank you.
A: How well ........................................................................................................
B: My father speaks Spanish very well.
A: How much ........................................................................................................
B: Matilda has got a lot of money in the bank.
A: With whom ........................................................................................................
B: Selma goes swimming with her father every day.
A: What kind ........................................................................................................
B: My sister always listens to classical music.
A: How........................................................................................................
B: Sabrina speaks French excellently.
A: How long........................................................................................................
B: Rose waits until the teacher comes into the classroom.
A: Why........................................................................................................
B: Miry likes playing chess because it is very exciting.
A: How many........................................................................................................
B: Five people share this room.
A: Whose........................................................................................................
B: My student's lather goes for a walk in the park.
A: What........................................................................................................
B: September comes after August.
A: When.......................................................................................................
B: My father likes climbing mountains in the summer.
A: Where........................................................................................................
B: Mandy and Nancy live in the centre of Istanbul.
A: What........................................................................................................
B: My sister likes going to the cinema with Peter.
A: Who/whom........................................................................................................
B: We visit our parents at weekends.
104
A: What........................................................................................................
B: There are sheep behind the farm house.
A: Where........................................................................................................
B: My father comes from Japan.
A: What........................................................................................................
B: I am Turkish.
A: What........................................................................................................
B: An accident happens on this junction every day.
A: Until when........................................................................................................
B: Rose waits until the teacher stops talking.
A: When........................................................................................................
B: The sky becomes dark after the sun sets.
A: What........................................................................................................
B: Tulips grow in the Netherlands.
EXERCISE 61 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)
Write questions for the bold typed words in the following sentences.
Example: A: What time does Helen get up?
B: Helen gets up at seven oclock.
A: ................................................................
B: Lillian arrives home at midnight.
A: ................................................................
B: My sister teaches English to the medical students.
A: ................................................................
B: My father walks to work because he doesn't have a car.
A: ................................................................
B: My father is a hairdresser.
A: ................................................................
B: No, he doesn't have breakfast at six oclock.
A: ................................................................
B: The student lives in the mountains.
105
A: ................................................................
B: My father leaves work at five oclock in the evening.
A: ................................................................
B: We visit our uncle at the weekends.
A: ................................................................
B: Pamela speaks Polish very well.
A: ................................................................
B: Lolita is from Paris.
A: ................................................................
B: Oliver likes playing tennis with his English teacher.
A: ................................................................
B: Mandy gets up early on Monday mornings.
A: ................................................................
B: The book on the table is very interesting.
A: ................................................................
B: Matilda works in a bank in London.
A: ................................................................
B: Yes, I go swimming on Sundays.
A: ................................................................
B: I have eggs for breakfast.
A: ................................................................
B: My sister goes to work by bus.
A:
B: My brother works for the B.H.C.
A:
B: I am fifteen years old.
A:
B: The weather is very told today.
A:
B: Yes, there is a television set in the living room.
106
A:
B: Rose waits until the teacher stops talking.
A:
B: My eyes are green.
A:
B: There are three chairs in the garden.
A:
B: I have a lot of money in my pocket.
A:
B: William and Lucy play tennis in the evening.
A:
B: I always go swimming in the morning.
A:
B: There is a tree in the garden.
A:
B: I am very well, thanks a lot.
A:
B: The Vivaldi CD is five pounds.
A:
B: There are sheep in the field.
A:
B: The brown envelopes are two pounds.
A:
B: Janet has a bicycle.
A:
B: My sister has got many friends in Istanbul.
A:
B: My parents go to the cinema on Saturday evenings.
A:
B: Melissa has got a lot of books in her house.
107
A: ..
B: An accident happens in front of the hospital every day.
A: ..
B: They go dancing every Saturday.
A: ..
B: The summer comes after the spring.
A: ..
B: The students go to Paris twice a year.
A:..
B: Mary likes bungee jumping because it is very exciting.
A: ..
B: Lisa speaks three languages perfectly.
A: ..
B: My father is very fond of classical music.
A: ..
B: No, I am not married.
A:..
B: Her name is Elizabeth Taylor.
A: ..
B: Five people live in my house.
A: ..
B: My English teacher speaks English fluently.
A: ..
B: My sister does her homework at home.
A: ..
B: My brother has lunch at midday.
A: ..
B: Silvia has got seven brothers.
A:..
B: The teacher likes horror films.
108
A:..
B: The children play football in front of the house.
EXERCISE 62: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY)
Answer the following questions putting the "Adverbials" in brackets in the right place.
Example: Does she always speak English with her friends? (always)
Yes, she always speaks English with her friends.
No, she doesnt always speak English with her friends.
A: Do you ever go to the circus? (never)
B: No,..................................................................
A: Does your father ever work on Sundays? (usually)
B:
Yes,...................................................................................................................................
.......
A: Does your sister ever play tennis on Saturdays? (sometimes)
B:
Yes,...................................................................................................................................
.......
A: Do you ever go to the circus in Turkey? (seldom)
B:
No, ,..................................................................................................................................
........
A: Does your father ever go to mosque? (frequently)
B:
Yes, ,.................................................................................................................................
.........
A: Do you ever go shopping in the morning? (once in a blue moon)
B:
Yes,...................................................................................................................................
.......
A: Does your father often go to the cinema? (rarely)
109
B:
No,....................................................................................................................................
......
A: Does your teacher often give you a piece of advice? (usually)
B:
Yes,...................................................................................................................................
.......
A: Do you ever watch television at the weekend? (hardly ever)
B:
No,....................................................................................................................................
......
A: Is the weather usually warm in May? (always)
B:
Yes,...................................................................................................................................
.......
A: Is your father very careful about his money? (always)
B:
No,....................................................................................................................................
......
A: Do you always take your mother to the theatre? (sometimes)
B:
Yes,...................................................................................................................................
.......
A: Does your sister ever forget to brush her teeth? (often)
B:
Yes,...................................................................................................................................
.......
A: Do you often swim in the swimming pool? (generally)
B:
No,....................................................................................................................................
110
......
A: Are you nervous before you take an exam? (always)
B:
Yes,...................................................................................................................................
.......

EXERCISE 63 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY)


Put the "Adverbials" in brackets in the proper positions in the sentences.
Example: I speak English with my teacher, (always)
I always speak English with my teacher
I do not always speak English with my teacher.
Do I always speak English with my teacher?

1. Maggie listens to classical music on the radio, (often)


2. Maggie docs not listen to classical music on the radio, (often)
3. Docs Maggie listen to classical music on the radio? (often)
4. My father tells me the truth, (always)
5. My father docs not tell me the truth, (always)
6. Does my father tell me the truth? (always)
7. Our children get to school on time, (usually)
8. Our children do not get to school on time, (usually)
9. Do our children get to school on time? (usually)
10. My mother lakes sugar in her coffee, (generally)
11. My mother does not lake sugar in her coffee, (generally)
12. Does my mother lake sugar in her coffee? (generally)
13. Our English teacher helps the poor, (frequently)
14. Our English teacher does not help the poor, (frequently)
15. Does our English teacher help the poor (frequently)
16. My sister plays tennis on Saturdays, (sometimes)

111
EXERCISE 64 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)
Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example: Do you get dressed as soon as you get up?
c. Yes, I get dressed as soon as I get up.
d. No, I do not get dressed as soon as I get up.
1. Do you get up when the sun rises?
a. Yes
.
b. No
.
2. Do you turn the lights on when it gets dark?
a. Yes
.
b. No
.
3. Does your mother buy a lot of chocolates if/when she has a lot of money?
a. Yes
.
112
b. No
.
4. Does your mother eat breakfast as soon as she gets up?
a. Yes
.
b. No
.
5. Do you understand the teacher when he speaks English quickly?
a. Yes
.
b. No
.
6. Does your mother sing while she does the housework?
a. Yes
.
b. No
.
7. Does your father drive fast when he is in a hurry?
a. Yes
.
b. No
.
8. Does your sister watch horror films on television before she goes to bed?
a. Yes
.
b. No
.
9. Do you sleep until the alarm clock rings?
a. Yes
.
113
b. No
.
10. Does your mother go on a diet when she gets fat?
a. Yes
.
b. No
.

11. Do people in Turkey pay attention to the traffic signs while they drive?
a. Yes
.
b. No
.
12. Do you always get seasick if/when you travel by ship?
a. Yes,..................................................................................................................
............................
b. No,...................................................................................................................
............................
13. Do your parents go swimming if/when the weather is sunny?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
14. Do people in your country take off their shoes before they enter their
houses?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
15. Do you always eat something after you get home from school?
114
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
16. Does your father always drink wine if/when he is not happy?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
17. Do you always book a table before you go to a restaurant?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
18. Does your mother get out of the room as soon as you start playing the
piano?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
19. Do your friends usually wash their hands before they have their meals?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
20. Do your children play outside until they get tired?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
115
21. Does your sister get up when the sun rises in the morning?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
22. Do your friends always complain to the teacher when you make a noise?
a. Yes, .................................................................................................................
..............................
b. No, ..................................................................................................................
.............................
EXERCISE 65: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)
Answer the following sentences using the prompts on the list below.
* take a cold shower * buy a lot of clothes * stand up * go to bed
* get dark * turn the lights on * go for a walk * go to (the)
hospital
* have a shower * drink a lot of wine * go to the cinema * go to the
dentist
* put on a lot of weight * go on a diet * play the piano * help the
poor

Example: A: What does your father do if he does bodily exercises?


B: My father takes a cold shower if he does bodily exercises.

19. A: What do you do when you are sleepy?


20. B:.
21. A: What do the students do when the teacher enters the classroom?
22. B:.
23. A: What does your brother do after he gets up in the morning?
24. B:.
25. A: What do you do when it gets dark?
116
26. B:.
27. A: What happens when the sun sets in the evening?
28. B:.
29. A: What does your sister do when she has free time?
30. B:.
31. A: What does your father do if he gets sick?
32. B:.
33. A: What does your mother do when the sun shines?
34. B:.
35. A: What does your sister always do when she is happy?
36. B:.
37. What happens if you eat too much?
38. B:.
39. A: What do you do when you have terrible toothache?
40. B:.
41. A: What does your father like to do when there is a party?
42. B:.
43. A: What does your mother do if she gets fat?
44. B:.
EXERCISE 66 THE PRESENT SIMPLE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)
Answer the following questions using the "Prompts" on the list below.
* read funny books * have a shower * get dark * change
clothes
* smile * have a rest * get nervous * go for a
walk
* eat something * turn the lights on * have a drink * go to the
police station
* get out of bed * put on a lot of weight * go to the cinema * go to
hospital
A: What do you do when you are hungry?
117
B:.
A: What does your mother do when she is tired?
B:.
A: What do you do if / when you are pleased?
B:.
A: What does your teacher do when she gets bored?
B:.
A: What do you do when you wake up?
B:.
A: What does your sister do when she gets thirsty?
B:.
A: What do your friends do when the weather is sunny?
B:.
A: What happens when you eat too much?
B:.
A: What do you do when it gets dark?
B:.
A: What do you do as soon as you get up?
B:.
A: What do you do when you come home from school?
B:.
A: What happens when the sun sets?
B:.
A: What does your mother do when she has free time?
B:.
A: What does your father do when he gets sick?
B:.
A: What happens when you have an exam?
B:.
EXERCISE 67: THE PRESENT SIMPLE (CONJUNCTIONS)
118
Put the verbs in the following pair of sentences into "The Present Simple" and combine
them with the "Conjunctions" in brackets.
Example: Lisa (put on) her clothes. She (get up) in the morning, (when)
Lisa puts on her clothes when she gets up in the morning.

1. Jane (not, understand) the reading passage. She (read) it twice, (until)

2. My teacher (get) angry with me. I (leave) my books at home, (if)

3. It (get) dark. We (turn on) the lights. (when)

4. I (always, play) tennis with her. I (start) doing my homework, (before)

5. Children (live) with their parents. They (get) married, (until)

6. I (get) dressed. I (finish) my work, (as soon as)

7. My father (smoke) a pipe. He (drive) his car. (while)

8. We (throw) a stone into the sea. It (sink) to the bottom, (if)

9. They (spend) their time visiting the historical places. They (be) in France,

(while)

10. She (take) a shower. She (play) tennis in the morning, (as soon as)

11. I always (take off) my shoes. I (enter) a mosque, (before)

12. My father (shout at) me. I (come) home after midnight, (whenever)

13. I (go) to the dentist, I (have) toothache (the moment)

14. Pamela (not, sleep) well. She (have) some problems, (when)

119
15. There (be) no danger in using this machine. You (stick) to the safety

regulations, (as long as)

16. I (always, wear) a seat-belt. I(have) an accident, (in case)

EXERCISE 68: THE PRESENT SIMPLE


Complete the following sentences in "The Present Simple", using "The Correct Forms of
the Verbs" on the lists below.
SHINE, HAVE, SPEAK, LIKE, SPEND, DRINK, SMOKE, GO, TAKE, WEAR

1. I always ........................................... my dog for a walk in the park.


2. I don't want........................................... this jacket because it is very old.
3. Selda ...........................................English very fluently.
4. Who ........................................... listening to pop music in your family?
5. The moon and the stars ........................................... in the sky at night.
6. How much coffee does your mother ........................................... in a day?
7. Wendy ........................................... breakfast at six oclock in the morning.
8. Who ........................................... a pipe in your family?
9. Mr. Brown never...........................................downtown by bus.
10. They always ........................................... their summer holidays in Antalya.
KNOW, RISE, STUDY, WATCH, DO, MAKE, HAVE, HELP, GET UP, BE

11. There ........................................... a lot of people in the garden now.


12. The students don't always ........................................... their homework in
the evening.
13. The children............................................a picnic with their friends at the
weekend.
14. The rich lady always ........................................... the poor.
15. Does the sun always ........................................... in the east?
120
16. My father doesn't........................................... everything about the history
of this city.
17. My mother ........................................... a lot of television at night.
18. Natalie doesn't usually ........................................... early on Sunday
mornings.
19. Nora ...........................................English for two hours every night.
20. Does Mary ........................................... many pronunciation mistakes when
she speaks English?
PLAY, PAY, GET, KEEP, STRIKE, FEEL, BUY, DO, RAISE, BECOME

21. All the time my mother........................................... the dishes, I listen to the


radio.
22. You are happier as long as you ........................................... away from your
wife.
23. The instant our music teacher .................................... his hand. we start
singing our national anthem.
24. I ......................................... back-gammon with my friend till my father
comes home.
25. Diana ........................................... attention to the traffic signs while she
drives her car.
26. While I travel in a plane, I always ........................................... unrest.
27. Every time we go out in our car, our little boy ...........................................
sick.
28. As I get older, I........................................... more suspicious of strangers.
29. I ring the bell as soon as the clock ........................................... ten.
30. If I go abroad, I always ........................................... presents for my
children.
EXERCISE 69 : THE PRESENT SIMPLE
Answer the following questions on your own.
1. What time do you get up every morning?

121
2. Where do you live?

3. How many brothers and sisters have you got?

4. How often do you go to the cinema?

5. Who speaks English in your family?

6. Where do your parents spend their summer holidays every year?

7. What is the weather like today?

8. What do you do after you have lunch every day?

9. What time do you have breakfast in the morning?

10. Where does the Prime Minister of Turkey live?

11. What sort of books does your father read on his holidays?

12. What do you do before you go to bed every night?

13. How many continents are there on the Earth?

14. When does the sun rise?

15. How many times do you brush your teeth every day?

16. How long do you study English every day?

17. How many ears do you have?

18. How many people are there in your family?

122
EXERCISE 70: THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS (ASKING FOR
INFORMATION)
Write questions for the bold typed words in the following sentences.
Example: A: Who is looking at the beautiful girl?
B: David is looking at the beautiful girl.
A:

.
B: The children are watching a horror film on TV at the moment.
A:
.
B: We are visiting our English teacher at the hospital.
A:
.
B: Selda is singing a Turkish song with her students now.
A:
.
B: My father is coming to Istanbul in the afternoon.
A:
.
B: Eileen's daughter is taking an English exam tomorrow morning
.A:
.
B: We are waiting for the bus at the bus-stop at the moment.
A:
.
B: My father is watching Rita Hayward's film on TV now.

123
A:
.
B: You are carrying two suitcases at present.
A:
.
B: Mandy is ironing the shirts at the moment.
A:
.
B: My mother is making a cake in the kitchen now.
A:
.
B: My aunt is knitting a pullover for Matilda
.A:
.
B: The soldiers are hiding in the forest
A:
.
B: The children are singing our national anthem beautifully
.A:
.
B: The girl is crying because her friends are making fun of he
rA:

B: The tourist is speaking French with my father.
A:
.:
B: The boys are cleaning my father's car at the moment.
EXERCISE 72 : THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Put the "Verbs" in brackets into "The Present Simple or Continuous Tenses".
Example: My sister (go) ................................................. to the cinema every week.
My sister goes to the cinema every week.
124
Be quiet! The baby (sleep).................................................in its cradle now.
Be quiet! The baby is sleeping in its cradle now.
1. Abbas (usually, study) ............................................................ in the library
on Saturdays.
2. At present we (sit) ............................................................ at the table and
doing our homework.
3. He (always, sing).........................................while he
(have)...............................................a bath.
4. Children (live) ..........................with their parents until they
(get)...............................married.
5. The children (have) ............................................................ a good time with
their friends now.
6. Dogs (bark).................................... when they
(get) ............................................ hungry.
7. Look! It (rain).............................again. It (always, rain) ......................when
you clean your car.
8. I (think) .......................................... she
(be)..................................................very happy.
9. He (usually, smoke).............................a pipe, but he
(smoke) .................................a cigar now.
10. He (usually, get) ...................up at seven, but this morning he
(get) .................up at eight oclock.
11. Listen! Somebody (sing) ............................................................ a
beautiful Spanish song.
12. Listen! I (think)................................. someone
(knock) ................................... at the door.
13. Table tennis (become) ............................................................ more
and more popular these days.
14. I (get)..............uncontrollable urges for junk food when I
(watch) ...............the television at home.
125
15. My watch (generally, keep) ..............perfect time, but these days it
(not, work)................properly.
16. I (imagine) .......................... that the teacher
(speak)........................................... Italian very well.
17. For the time being we (stay) ............................................................
at this hotel by the sea.
18. Please go away! I (try) ............................................................ to lull
the baby to sleep.
19. My brother (not, have) ............................................................ a cold
shower every morning.
20. What kind of music (you love)..........................................................I
wonder?
21. (You/know) ..................................who
(come)............................................ to the party tonight?
22. My mother (always / take) ................................................. the dog
for a walk after breakfast.
23. (Your mother / think) ....................... that smoking hubble-bubble
(be)....................... dangerous?
24. We (have) ............................................................ a lot of friends in
Istanbul.
25. I (think) .................................... that this book
(be) .......................................... very interesting.
26. My sister (make) ............................................................ a dress for
herself these days.
27. My sister (usually, play)................................the piano until my
father (get) .........................angry.
28. My father (work) .................. in the garden while we
(lay) ...................................... the table.
29. The referee (want) ............................... the match because it
(rain) .............................. now.
126
30. Your friendship (mean) ................................................ a great deal to
me.
EXERCISE 73: THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Complete the following sentences with the correct forms of the "Verbs" in brackets. Use
"The Present Simple" or "The Present Continuous".
Example : Linda ... ................. the woman standing over there, (know)
Linda knows the woman standing over there.
1. I ................... .. problems with ray mobile-phone these days, (have)
2. Your pizza... .. ................. very delicious, (taste)
3. I.. ...... ... ......... the soup to see if it has enough sail in it. (taste)
4. Mandy ............ .. .. .... that Russian is very difficult, (think)
5. My friend . .. ............. .... about what I said, (think)
6. He ...... ................... his father more and more as the years go by,
(resemble)
7. She ..................... ... to be very busy at the moment, (appear)
8. The famous actor ... .............. ......... at the Ritz next week, (appear)
9. This coffee.. .. ................ ... bitter, (taste)
10. Day by day I . .. .... .. .. .. a lot of my French, (forget)
11. I don't hear anything, f think you .. .................. things,
(imagine)
12. Jennifer ...................... ... a book in her hand now . (have)
13. My father ..... ..... .... .... .. a cold shower at the moment, (have)
14. The hook .... ... .................. around five dollars, (cost)
15. It ..... .................... like Japanese music, (sound)
16. I............................. the roses to see if they... .. .... ....... nice,
(smell/smell)
17. She ................. .... ... that the operation will be successful,
(believe)
18. Susan .... .. ................. the baby tonight while we are out. (mind)
19. I am tired of working in an office. I .... .... ......... ..... of changing
127
my job. (think)
20. This car ................ ... ..... .. my uncle, (belong to)
21. My brother.. .... ..................... a lot of Carol these days, (see)
22. This book . .. .................. all the information you need, (contain)
23. I............ ... ....... my lawyer tomorrow, (see)
24. He is very clever, but he........... ... ..... experience, (lack)
25. The grocer .. ........................ the apples on the scales at the
moment, (weigh)
26. I. ..... .................. Helene very much, (love)
27. The bridge .. .... .... .............. ten meters from one side to the
other, (measure)
28. Today, my father ............................... the President of Turkey, (be)
29. That dress looks lovely; red really ... ...................... you. (suit)
30. The meal .... .................... wonderful tropical fruit, (consist of)

EXERCISE 74 THE PAST SIMPLE


Complete the following sentences with the "Correct Forms of the Verbs" "BE" or "DO"
as a "Main Verb" or "Ordinary Auxiliary Verb".
AM DO WAS
IS DOES WERE
ARE DID WERE

A:....................................you go to the cinema last night?


B: No, I.......................... not go to the cinema last night, because I...........................
very ill.
A:....................................your father in Paris last month?
B: Yes, he .................................... in Paris last month.
A:....................................you going to the theatre tonight?
B: No, I....................................not going to the theatre tonight.
A:....................................your father in the habit of smoking a pipe now?
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B: No, he .................................... not in the habit of smoking a pipe now.
A:................................you interested in photography when you ....................................
young?
B: Yes, I................................. interested in photography when I....................................
young.
A: What.................................... the weather like today?
B: I think it.................................... very cloudy today.
A:.................................... your parents want to go sightseeing yesterday?
B: No, they.................................... not want to go sightseeing yesterday.
A:.................................... you very tired when you came back home?
B: No, I.................................... not very tired when I came back home.
A:.................................... your teachers take you to the zoo every spring?
B: No, they.................................... not take us to the zoo every spring.
A: Who .................................... the dishes in your family?
B: My sister.................................... the dishes in my family.
A: What kind of music ........................... you fond of?
B: I.................................... fond of classical music.
A: Why .................................... your father not write the report?
B: He .......................... not write the report because he ......................very busy last
night.
A:.................................... your teacher dancing with you now?
B ; No, he .........................not dancing with me now, he ........................dancing with
Janet.
A: What.................................... your sister doing at the moment?
B: She .................................... not doing anything. She .................................... just
thinking.

EXERCISE 75 THE PAST SIMPLE (VERB: BE)


Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example : Was your father here ten minutes ago?
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Yes, he was here ten minutes ago.
No, he was not here ten minutes ago.
Were your parents in London last year?
Yes, they were in London last year.
No, they were not in London last year.

1. Were you very busy last night?


Yes, ..... ................................... ... .. ................................ .... .....
No,........... ........ ........ .. ........................................... ... .... ....
2. Was your mother very happy in Cyprus?
Yes, ............................ ... .... ... .............................. .... .....
No,..... ...................................................................................................
3. Were your parents at the party the other day?
Yes, ................................................................................................. ....
No, ................. ............... ......................................................... .... .....
4. Were you interested in classical music five years ago?
Yes, ...................................................... .... ...............................
No............. ... ......... ... .... .................................... ... .... ..... .... ..
5. Was the weather very rainy yesterday?
Yes, ..................................................... .. .............................................
No, ................................. ... .................................................. .... ....
6. Was your father married to your mother twenty years ago?
Yes...... ..... ... .....................................................................................
No, ................................................ .....................................................
7. Were you ill before you went to bed last night?
Yes,.... ..... ........................................................... ... ............................
No,........................ ..........................................................................
8. Was your father very happy when your little brother was born
Yes, ..... ................................... ...................................................
No,..... ................................................................................... ...
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9. Was I under the control of the doctor when you were in Paris?
Yes, .............. .................................................................. ..........
No, ..... ......... ............................................. .... .. ...
EXERCISE 76 : THE PAST SIMPLE (SIMPLE SENTENCE)
Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example: Did you go to the cinema last night?
b. Yes, I went to the cinema last night.
c. No, I did not go to the cinema last night.
1. Did you have breakfast this morning?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
2. Did the baby drink all the milk last night?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
3. Did your father wake up early this morning?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
4. Did you spend all your money in Paris last year?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
5. Did the sunrise at seven oclock this morning?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
6. Did your father leave home at seven oclock this morning?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
7. Did your father sleep for ten hours last night?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
8. Did you see the teacher in front of the school yesterday evening?
131
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
9. Did your father pay the electric bill at the end of the month?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
10. Did you meet many interesting people at the party last night?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________

11. Did your parents always fly with Turkish Airlines to Paris?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
12. Did your sister always speak English in the class?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
13. Did your friends make many grammatical mistakes in the class yesterday?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
14. Did you eat an apple before breakfast this morning?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
15. Did your sister wear her new dress to the party last week?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
16. Did your children do their homework in the evening?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
17. Did your teacher write a letter to your father?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
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18. Did the students get up late this morning?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
19. Did the Turkish workers build this bridge many years ago?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
20. Did your father teach French to you?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
21. Did the woman tell you the truth about the bank robbery?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
22. Did the children sing Kalian songs at the party last night?
A) ____________________________________________________________
B) ____________________________________________________________
EXERCISE 77 : THE PAST SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)
Write questions for the bold typed words in the following sentences.
Example: Where did you go last night?
I went to the circus last night.
1.A:
B: Susan bought four books when she was in Paris.
2. A: _______________________________________________
B: Melissa studied English last weekend because she had an exam.
3. A: _______________________________________________
B: My father spent all his money on books.
4. A: _______________________________________________
B: The students stayed at the hotel for three weeks.
5. A: _______________________________________________
B: The guests left the party after midnight.
6. A: _______________________________________________
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B: The nurse gave Nora some medicine three hours ago.
7. A: _______________________________________________
B: I needed a passport-size photograph for my diploma.
8. A: _______________________________________________
B: They built a swimming pool in the back garden.
9. A: _______________________________________________
B: The sun rose at seven oclock this morning.
10. A: _______________________________________________
B: A terrible earthquake happened in Duzce on the twelfth of November in 1999.
11. A: _______________________________________________
B: Hakan Skr played for Galatasaray for a long time.
12. A: _______________________________________________
B: My hair needed washing every two days.
13. A: _______________________________________________
B: Whitney Houston sang all the songs beautifully at the concert.
14. A: _______________________________________________
B: The author of the book spoke very carefully at the meeting.
15. A: _______________________________________________
B: My dog bit the girl in the garden two hours ago.
16. A: _______________________________________________
B: My mother was an English teacher many years ago.
EXERCISE 78 :THE PAST SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)
Write questions for the bold typed words in the following sentences.
Example A: How many times did the postman ring the bell?
B: The postman rang the bell twice.
A:
B: My father always wore smart clothes to parties.
A:

B: My daughter played the piano very well at the recital.


134
A:
B: The weather was very cloudy yesterday.
A:

B: Dilara thought that Betty spoke English very badly.


A:

B: I took a cold shower when I got up this morning.


A:
B: My father was very fond of watching horror films on TV
A:

B: I found my book under the desk.


A:

B: The man at the office sent this message to me.


A:

B: Mary took Helen's son to school an hour ago.


A:

B: My father got up at six oclock this morning.


A:

B: The baby slept for nine hours last night.


A:

B: I had breakfast with my father this morning.


A:
B: Helen tidied her room before she left the house.
135
A:

B: The students studied for the exam until midnight.


A:

B: My mother made a cup of coffee for my father.


A:

B: Helga's mother played the piano at this party last night.


EXERCISE 79 : THE PAST SIMPLE
Complete the following sentences in "The Past Simple", using the correct forms of the
"Verbs" on the list below.
SEND, COME, DRINK, GO, STRIKE, GET, LOSE, HAVE, BITE, BREAK OUT

1. The poor man died because he...................................... a lot of blood.


2. The cat......................................all the milk in the kitchen last night.
3. The dog......................................the boy and ran away.
4. We......................................some flowers to our teacher the other day.
5. When the war ....................................... we went to Spain as soon as
possible.
6. When it......................................dark, we went home in a hurry.
7. We......................................our lunch before the train got to the station.
8. I did my homework before my father......................................home from
work.
9. They......................................to the circus after they finished their work.
10. Melinda got up when the clock......................................seven.
DO, PAY, SLEEP, RUN AFTER, STAND UP, WEAR, BUY, CRY, FLY AWAY, FALL
DOWN

1. The baby was very hungry and......................................all night long.


2. My father ......................................ten pounds for this book.
3. He was very tired and......................................for nine hours last night.
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4. The cat climbed up the tree but the bird.......................................
5. The policeman saw the thief and......................................him.
6. The doctor sold his old car and ....................................a new one.
7. The teacher came into the room and the students.......................................
8. Rita ......................................a lot of homework before she went to bed.
9. The little girl......................................and hurt her knee.
10. Nermin.....................................her new dress to the party last night.
TAKE, HAVE, SWIM, SPEND, EAT, DRINK, BE, DRAW, BREAK, SEND

1. I.................................... a lot of time walking by the river.


2. The children ......................................a good time at the party last night.
3. We ......................................in the sea when the weather was sunny.
4. Melinda .................................... two cheese sandwiches before she went to
school.
5. My sister ......................................two glasses of water before she went to
bed last night.
6. We ......................................an important message to the leader of the tribe
the other day.
7. I am sorry because I......................................her heart at the party last night.
8. The teacher ......................................a picture on the board half an hour ago.
9. We ......................................our dog for a walk in the park this morning.
10. We ......................................in Glck when the earthquake took
place.
EXERCISE 80: THE PAST SIMPLE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)
Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example: A: Were you very happy when you fell in love?
B: Yes, I was very happy when I fell in love,.
No, I was not very happy when I fell in love.
A: Were you in Istanbul when they offered you a job?
B: a.
Yes....................................................................................................................................
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...............
No, ...................................................................................................................................
..................
A: Were your parents pleased when you passed the exam?
B: a.
Yes............. ..... ... ..... ..... .... ... ............................................................................
b. No, ......................................................... ..... ..... .... ......................................... ...
..... ... ............
A: Were you interested in classical music when you were ten years old?
B: a.
Yes, ...................... ...................................................... ....... ..... ....................................
....... ...
No, ........................................................... ..... ... .... ............................................ .... ..
... ........................
A: Was your father generous before he got married?
B: a.
Yes, ...................... ...... .... .... .. ............................................................................
.....................
b.
No, ....................................................... ............................. .. .... .... ....................
......................
A: Was the Prime Minister in Ankara when thirty four soldiers lost their lives?
B: a. Yes,................................................................................. ... .. ..... ............
b.
No, ........................ .................................................... .. ... ... ..............................
..............
A: Was your mother very tired before she laid the table?
B: a.
Yes, . ... ................................................... ............. ................................................ .....
... .......
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No, .................. ... .... ............................................................... ...................................
A: Were there three teachers in the classroom when the exam started?
B: a.
Yes, ......................................................................................................... ... ...............
.. ...........
No,.... .... .. ...... ... ... ............................................ .. ... .....
A: Was the train-at the station when you got there?
B: a.
Yes,...................................................................................................................................
.......................
b.
No, ... .... .. ..... ..... ..................................................... .... ... .. . ..............................
.....................
A: Were the lights on when your father came home last night?
B: a. Yes, .................................................................................................................... ....
.................
No, .. .............................. ..... ..... ..... ......................................................... .... .... ..... .
.. ... ..
A: Were you dressed when the sun rose this morning?
B: a.
Yes, ....... ..................................................................... .... .... ........................................
.
No, ........................ ... ............. ................................................... .... .... ...
EXERCISE 81 : THE PAST SIMPLE (CONJUNCTIONS)
Combine the following pairs of sentences using the conjunctions "BEFORE" and
"AFTER".
Example: Mandy cleaned her room. She did her homework.
a. Mandy cleaned her room before she did her homework,
b. After Mandy cleaned her room, she did her homework.
I did my homework. I went to bed.
139
A
B.
I asked some questions to the teacher. The exam started.
A.
B.
I took a cold shower. I ran for ten miles.
A.
B.
The meeting began. We discussed this problem.
A.
B.
The student cleaned the board. The teacher entered the classroom.
A.
B.
We put the fire out. The firemen arrived.
A.
B.
The referee blew his whistle. The match began.
A.
B.
Stella got dressed. She got out of bed.
A.
B.
Linda went to school by car. She had her breakfast.
A.
B.
The thief stole the money. He ran away.
A.
B.

140
EXERCICES 82:THE PAST SIMPLE
Put the following sentences into "The Past Simple" making all the necessary
changes.
Example: My father always starts working before the sun rises.
My father always started working before the sun rose.
1. I always say my grace before I start eating my meals.

2. I take an aspirin when I have a headache.

3. She thinks that the teacher speaks English very well.

4. My parents get angry with me when I come home alter midnight.

5. They don't watch the television when they have a lot of work to do.

6. They go to the cinema when they are bored.

7. When a fire breaks out, we call the fire brigade.

8. Whenever we have a party, I always play the piano.

9. I do not sleep very well when I have some problems.

10. Whenever I make a mistake, the teacher shouts at me.

11. They tell me that they don't know the answer to the question.

12. I am sorry that I can't come earlier.

13. I know that Mary speaks Spanish fluently.

14. It is strange that your mother doesn't know Turkish.

15. What you say has nothing to do with the subject.

141
16. It doesn't matter how much money she spends on her hooks.

17. She speaks so quietly that I can't hear what she says.

EXERCISE 83: THE PAST SIMPLE


Rewrite the following sentences using "The Past Simple" instead of the "Full Infinitive".
Example: It is time for me to have breakfast.
It is time I had breakfast.
1. It is time for you to run to the station if you really want to catch your train.

2. It is time for me to go to bed.

3. It is time for us to go to the cinema.

4. It is about time for us to get to work.

5. It is high time for me to have my car repaired.

6. It is high time for the authorities to put an end to this injustice in the

country.

7. It is high time you get a haircut.

8. It is time for the students to start learning English.

9. It is time for you to get married to that good-tempered girl.

10. It is high time for the Parliament to pass the long expected law

142
against terrorism.

11. It is about time for your sister to change her behaviour considerably.

12. It is high time for the people to take drastic measures against forest

fires in Turkey.

13. It is high time for the author to write a new novel on this subject.

14. It is time for me to have my blood pressure taken.

15. It is high time for our neighbours to train their dogs.

16. It is time for my sister to give up smoking.

17. It is about time for the Prime Minister to bring inflation under

control.

EXERCISE 84 THE PAST SIMPLE (PREFERENCE)


Rewrite the following sentences using the structure below to express personal preferences
in the Present and Future.
I WOULD RATHER + DIFFERENT SUBJECT + THE PAST
SIMPLE
Example : I would prefer you to save more money. I would rather you saved more
money.
I would prefer him not to smoke. I would rather he didn't smoke.
1-I would prefer you to take life more seriously.

143
I would
rather........................................................................................................ .... ..... ... .... ...
. ...
2. I would prefer Kate not to wear blue jeans all the time.
I would
rather..... .... ..... ......................................................................................................
3. I would prefer Frank not to buy so many presents.
I would rather ..............................................................................................................
4. I would prefer Mge to stop spending so much money on clothes.
I would
rather................................................................................................................................
........
5. I would prefer you not to call me sugar.
I would
rather..... ........ ........... ............ ..................................................................................
6. I would prefer Claudia to do her homework regularly.
I would rather ....................................................................... ... ... ..... .... ... .... ... ....
...
7. I would prefer Jane to come here tomorrow.
I would
rather.................................................................................................................. .............
.. .. .
8. I would prefer Matilda to meet me at the hotel.
I would
rather..................... ... ... ... ..... ...... ...... .....................................................................
...........
9. I would prefer you not to wear that dress to the party.
I would rather ........................................................... ..... ... ... ...... ... ... .... ... ....
10. I would prefer our English teacher not to work on Sundays.
I would
144
rather ........................................................... ........... .... ... .......... ....... ......................
. ...
11. I would prefer Rose not to criticize her friends so often.
I would rather .....................................................................................................
..... ..
12. I would prefer Wendy not to drive so fast through the streets of the city.
I would
rather .............................................................................................................................
........
13. I would prefer Paul not to tell her the truth.
I would
rather .................................................................................................................... .. .....
.....
14. I would prefer Julia not to speak to her father like that.
I would
rather .............................................................. ...............................................................
.......
15. I would prefer my neighbour not to play the piano early in the morning.
I would
rather .............................................. .................................................................... .....
..
EXERCISE 85 THE PAST SIMPLE (USED TO)
Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative"
USED TO + INFINITIVE WITHOUT "TO"
Example: Did you use to bite your nails when you were young?
Yes, I used to bite my nails when I was young.
No, I didn't use to bite my nails when I was young.
Did your son use to suck his thumb when he was three years old?
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
145
Did you use to be very naughty when you were a little child?
...................................................................................
.................................................................................
Did your sister use to cry a lot when she was a baby?
.......................................................................................
.................................................................................
Did you use to be shy when you were at school?
..................................................................................
.................................................................................
Did you use to collect stamps when you were in Paris?
...................................................................................
...................................................................................
Did your father use to wear very expensive clothes before he got married?
.................................................................................
...................................................................................
Did there use to be so many students in the class last year?
.................................................................................
...........................................................................
Did you use to go to the cinema with your parents before you left
home? .................................................................................
.................................................................................
Did your mother use to be a teacher before you were born?
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
Did your mother use to be very fat when she was young?
.................................................................................
.................................................................................
EXERCISE 86 : THE PAST SIMPLE (ANSWERING QUESTIONS)
Answer the following questions on your own.
1. How old were you when you started school?
146
2. How long ago did you see the President of Turkey?

3. What time did the sun rise this morning?

4. When did the Second World War break out?

5. When did you last go swimming?

6. When was your father born?

7. How long did you sleep last night?

8. Where did you spend your summer holidays last year?

9. How long did the First World War last?

10. How much money did you spend when you were on holiday?

11. How many people spent the night in the tents last night?

12. What did you do when you woke up this morning?

13. Who took you to the cinema last week?

14. What sort of film did your parents watch on TV last night?

15. Who came to Istanbul when the Marmara earthquake took place?

16. What time did your parents have breakfast this morning?

17. How did you go to the cinema last night?

18. Whose bicycle did you borrow yesterday?

147
EXERCISE 87 : THE PAST CONTINUOUS (COMPLEX SENTENCE)
Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example: Were you listening to the radio when I came in?
a. Yes, I was listening to the radio when you came in.
b. I was not listening to the radio when you came in.
1. Were you helping your mother in the kitchen when the lights went out?
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................
2. Was the man standing by the side of the road when the accident happened?
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................
3. Were the men talking about the accident when you got there?
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................
4. Was your brother studying politics when he was in Paris?
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................
5. Was your girlfriend behaving very strangely when she was at the party last
night?
148
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................
6. Were many people living in luxury when there was an economic crisis in
Turkey?
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................
7. Were the police looking for the escaped prisoner when you were there?
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................
8. Were your friends always criticizing you when you were talking about
foreign policy?
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................
9. Was your sister doing the dishes when you woke up this morning?
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................
10. Was your brother playing the piano while you were dancing with
your girlfriend?
a. Yes,.......................................................................................................
....................
149
b. No,........................................................................................................
....................

EXERCISE 88 : THE PAST CONTINUOUS


Complete the sentences in "The Past Simple" or "The Past Continuous" using the correct
forms of the "verbs" on the list below:
STAND, BE, SLEEP, GET, DO, LOSE, FAIL, RIDE, MEET, COOK
1. I _________________ very badly last night.
2. Harry _________________out of bed the other night when his wife got
sick.
3. While he was chatting on the phone, he _________________his
homework.
4. Melissa _________________fish when I first asked her to marry me.
5. I was so amazed by what I heard that I_________________ there
speechless.
6. I _________________a bicycle when I had an accident.
7. I could play the guitar when I _________________ten.
8. As I was going home, I _________________an old friend of mine.
9. Orhan _________________his job because of his honesty.
10. He was a great disappointment for Helen when she _________________to
get into university.
STUDY, TAKE, LEAVE, TALK, RECOGNIZE, TELL, COME, FEEL, RISE, PULL
DOWN
1. They_________________ the old houses when I was there.
2. Mary _________________ very nervous before she took the exam.
3. The doctor _________the patient that drinking tea every day wouldn't do
him any harm.
4. The doorbell rang while I _________________on the phone.
5. We _________________in the library when the fire alarm went off.
6. The sun _________________behind the mountains when the baby was
150
born.
7. The students _________________a good time when I saw them at the
party.
8. The idea _________________to me while I was driving to work this
morning.
9. I _________________his face, but I didn't remember his name.
10. I _________________an aspirin when I developed a terrible headache.
HAVE, DROP, SPEND, BLOW, BREAK DOWN, LIVE, RUN, HAPPEN, ARRIVE,
BREAK IN
1. He _________________in London when the war started.
2. My car _________________while I was going to the supermarket.
3. The wind _________________hard when I went out this morning.
4. The man _________________his suitcase when he was walking on the
pavement.
5. We _________________our vacations in the mountains last year.
6. I was watching the TV when the burglar _________________our house.
7. I _________________to the phone after the accident happened.
8. The taxi _________________while I was having breakfast with my wife.
9. The students were waiting at the bus-stop when the accident
_________________I couldn't answer the phone because I _________________a
shower.
EXERCISE 89 :THE PAST CONTINUOUS (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)
Write questions for the bold typed words in the following sentences,
A: What was Gloria telling the little girl?
B: Gloria was telling the little girl a lovely story.
1. A: ,............................................................................................................................?
B; Melissa was sleeping on the sofa at nine oclock
2.A: ,............................................................................................................................?
B; The teacher was explaining the subject to the students an hour ago
3. A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
151
B: My mother was making a cake when the lights went out.
4. A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: The police were taking Gila to (the) hospital when we arrived there.
5- A; ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: Rebecca was driving slowly when the accident took place
6. A; ,............................................................................................................................ ?
R: My father was working in the garden when a storm broke out.
A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: The students were studying in the library when the clock struck ten.
8. A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: Yes, Helena was listening to the news at seven oclock this morning.
9. A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: Rose was playing the guitar outside the house when it began to rain.
10.
A; ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B; the sun was shining brightly when I woke up this morning.
11.
A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: Eileen was reading an exciting story when someone knocked at the door.
12.
A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: Natalie was asking the teacher a lot of difficult questions.
13.
A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: I paid the bill while Lisa was dancing with that man.
14.
A; ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: The students were doing their homework when I entered the classroom.
15.
A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
152
B: Linda was crying because she didn't know the answer to the question.
16.
A: ,............................................................................................................................ ?
B: I got wet while I was waiting for the bus.
EXERCISE 90: THE PAST CONTINUOUS (CONJUNCTIONS)
Combine the following pairs of sentences with the conjunctions "WHEN" or "WHILE"
using "The Past Simple" or "The Past Continuous".
Example: I (hear) a strange noise. I (read) the newspaper.
I was reading the newspaper when I heard a strange noise.
I heard a strange noise while I was reading the newspaper.
1. I (eat) my breakfast. I (receive) a phone call.
. ............ .... .. ....... ............................................ ... ... .... ..................................
...... .... ...
....................................... .... ... ... ....................... ... ... .... .... ......................
2. I (see) an accident. I (drive) home from work.
... .......................................................................................... .... ... ..... ..... ... ....
.. .... ..... ..
............................................................................................... .... ... ..... ..... ........ ....
...
3. The students (quarrel) with each other. The teacher (enter) the room.
................................................................................................................ .......... .... ... ...
......
. ................. ... .. .... .... ...................................................................................................
... ..
4. Sandra (walk) along the street. She (run into) an old friend of hers.
.................. ... ... .... ...................................................................................
.... ..... .. .... .. ........ ... ... ... ..... ... ........ ................................................
5. My sister (take) a walk in the park. She (lose) her wallet.
...... ........ ..... ... .. .. ... .... .... ....... ...... ..... .... .. ......
..............................................................................................................
153
6. The girl (jump off) the bus. It (move) very fast along the street.
..... .......................................................................................................................... .......
.......................................................................................... ......... ..... ......... ....
7. I (play) cards with my friends. My father (come) home.
......................................................................... ........ ..... .... ..... ... .... ....
. ... ............................................................................................ ..... .................
8. Susan (play) in the garden. It (start) to rain.
....... ......... ....... ............................................................................. .. .... ........... ..
.... ........ ... .... ... .......................................................................................................
9. My sister (live) in Paris. The Second World War (break oul) in 1939.
.......... ... .......... .. .........................................................................................................
....
....................................... ............................................. ................................................ ...
10. The inspector (open) the door. The teacher (do) English with the students.
...... ...................................................................................................................................
.......................
.... .....................................................................................................................................
....................
EXERCISE 91 :THE PAST CONTINUOUS
Put the "verbs" in brackets either into "The Past Simple" or "The Past Continuous".
Example: I (have).................................... breakfast when the phone (ring)
I was having breakfast when the phone rang.
1. I (slip)..on the ice while I (cross).
.the street.
2. Carol (talk) ............................ on the phone when I (wake up)
.this morning.
3. My father (have) ........................... a bath while we
(play) .................................... backgammon.
4. It (begin).................................. to rain while the children
(have)... ... ........................... a party
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5. As I (walk)................................................ home, t
(meet)...................................... a tourist.
6. Janet. (go) to school by bus, because
it. (rain) hard.
7. I. (drink) a glass of milk before
I ..................................... (go) to bed.
8. Laura................................. (play) the piano when
we ..................................... (enter) the room.
9. After the accident, the driver of the bus (get out) ............................ .. of
the bus and (run away)
10. When Alice (see) .me, she (stop).................................the
car to have a chat with me.
11. He (sit) .................................. in a cafe when I
(see) ..................... ...................... him.
12. When I (be).. .... a student, I (play).............. the guitar in the streets to earn
money for my education.
13. My father (live)...................... in Samsun when the Second World War
(break out)................. in 1939.
14. While I (watch)............................................ the 7 oclock news, the lights
(go out)
15. What (happen)................................. while Nermin
(walk).... ..... .......................in the park last night?
16. Who (come)........................ into the room while you (listen
to) ........................ the radio last night?
17. Everyone (wait for)................................ the singer when they
(hear)............................. the news.
18. While he (water) ............................................... the flowers, it
(start) ..................................... to rain.
19. Just as I (write)....... ......... a cheque, I(remember).. .......................... that I
had nothing in the bank.
155
20. Who (drive) ..... .................................. the car when the accident
(happen)................................?
21. While I (walk) ................................ to the library, I
(find) ..... ......................... a gold ring.
22. I (not, know) ....................... that you (live) ........................ in London when
I (be).................... there.
23. I wish I (be)........................................... in Paris now.
24. It is time you (leave) ............................. the party now if you really want to
catch the train.
25. Mine speaks Turkish as if she (be).......................... ... a Turkish citizen.
26. While Sonya (be)... ..................... busy in the kitchen, the children
(lay) .............................. the table.
27. My father's fever (drop)............................... after he
(take).............. ..... ................. the medicine.
28. Who (take) ................ ............................ care of you while you
(be) ...................................... ... ill?
29. If I (have)........................................... a lot of money, I would go to Turkey.
30. As the man (approach).. ................. the house he (notice)................... that
the chimney (be) on fire.

EXERCISE 92 : THE PAST CONTINUOUS (COMPLEX SENTENCE)


Complete the following sentences using "The Past simple'1 or "The Past Continuous".
1. He broke his leg
while ........ ........... .......... .. .. .................. ....................... ..................... .....
.
2. She met her husband
when.... ................ ..................... ............... .... .................. .. .......
3. When the phone
rang, ...... ................. ............... ................... ... ............... .... .......... .
156
4. When the accident happened,.... .................... ............... ................... .... ...
............ .... ..........
5. It was raining cats and dogs
while ............... ...... ............ ................. ... ......... . ....
6. We were playing backgammon
when .......... ... ................ .................. .... .................
7. While I was studying English ... ............... ... ................. .... ............... ...
................. ...... ......
8. When it began to
rain,.. ..................... .. ......... .... .. ................... .... .............. .... ..
9. I was laughing
when......... ........................... ..... ....................... ..... ... ....................... ....... .....
10. When the sun rose, .. ....................... ... ........................ .... ...
11. While we were travelling in
France,............................... ........................ ..... ... .......................
12. As Lora was running down the street, ....................... ............................. ..
... ................ ... ....
13. Until she recovered from her
illness, ........... .... ..... ................ .. ...................... ... ..... ........
14. Before my parents came to
Istanbul, ..... ......................... .. ..................... .. .... ...................
15. After t finished the English course, ... ............................. ................... .....
.... ............................
16. While we were approaching the
village,. ......................... ...... .......................... ......................
17. While we were in
London, ............ .. .... ................... ........ ... ...........................................
18. Until the train arrived at the
station,........ .. .... ........................ ......... ........................ .. ...........
19. As soon as it got
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dark, .. ...................... .... ........................... .. ....................... ....
20. The moment I saw that beautiful
girl,....................................... ......... ...................... ..... ..........
21. I apologized to her
because .. .................. ... ........................... .. ... ................... .. .. ....
22. Before I went to bed last
night, ........ ..................................................... .............................. .... ..
23. As we were dancing by the candle-
light, ...... .... ..... .. ... ..................... ... ......................... .....
24. I was working there as a teacher
when ........ ................................. ... ..... ..................... ..........
25. The instant I broke her
heart,................. .... ......................... .. ......................... .. ....
26. My father smoked a cigarette before ....................... ..... .............................
.... .
27. We were talking loudly in the library
when..................................................... .... ............................
28. The prisoner ran away as soon
as ..... ........................................................ ....................................... .
29. Just as I was leaving the
house,................................ ......... ............................... ...
30. I didn't go to school yesterday
because ....... ... ................................................. ..... .... .............

EXERCISE 93: THE FUTURE SIMPLE (VERB: BE)


Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative.
Example: Will you be in London on Saturday?
158
Yes, I will be in London on Saturday.
No, I will not be in London on Saturday.
1. Will you be happy when you get married to that girl?
Yes,
No,........................................... .................. ... ...................... ................... ......
.........
2. Will you be sorry if you lose all your money in gambling?
Yes,
No, .... .............................................. ........................... .......................................
....... ..
3. Will your parents be the members of this club in the future?
Yes,
No,................................................... ........................... .............. ...................... .
.......
4. Will your father be rich if he finds a job in the Netherlands?
Yes,
No,............................................................................................... .................. ...
.....
5. Will there be many doctors at the reception tomorrow?
Yes,
No, .......................................................................................... ..................... .....
..............
6. Will you always be my friend if I get married to another girl?
Yes,
No,........................................................................................ ........................ .....
..........
7. Will there be a famine in the country if it we don't have enough rain?
Yes,
No, ........................................................................................ ........................ ....
.
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8. Will the weather be very windy tomorrow morning?
Yes,............................................... .................... ...........................................
No, ................................................................... ............................................
9. Will all your teachers be at school on Saturday?
Yes,
No, .......................................................................................................................
.................
10. Will you be interested in photography if you leave your job?
Yes,
No,

EXERCISE 94 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)


Write questions for the bold typed words in the following sentences.
Example: A: Where will you live?
B: I will probably live on the island of Heybeliada.
1. A: .................................. ............. .. ................................. .................. ........
... ........?
B: Lolita will be a very good swimmer in the future.
2. A:........................................- ............... .................... ................... ............. ?
B: I will speak with George about this matter later on.
3. A: .. ............... ................................................................ .............. .......?
B: Tony will give me his telephone number in the afternoon.
4. A:... ....................................................... ............... .................. ..................?
B: The train will arrive at the station at ten oclock.
5. A:..... .... ................ .................... .. ................. .... .. ............ .. ... ?
B: I will wait in front, of the cinema until my friends come.
6. A: ................... .... ...................... .................. .. .. .. ......... ... .. ......?
B: They will not go to the circus because they don't have any money.
7. A: .......... .. ................. .... ............... ..... ....................... .... ... ......... ... ?
B: Helen will go to the cinema as soon as she finishes her homework.
160
8. A.............. .. ................. ............... ........?
B: I will accompany the lady while she is singing.
9.
A:.............. ......................... ......................... ........... .. .. .............. ....................
................?
B: There will be twenty soldiers in the castle tomorrow.
10.
A:... ........................................................................... ....... ............ ........................
.?
B: There will be a quarrel between the two families.
11.
A:.............. ............................. ................ ... ............ .. ... ................ .... .......
.7
B: No, she won't get up at seven oclock tomorrow morning.
12. A: ..................... .. .................. .. ................ .. ................... .. ................
.... .....?
B: As soon as I find enough money, I will buy that house.
13.
A:... ........................ ............... .... ..... .......... ... .... .. ............. .. .. ............ .... ... ......
........... .. ?
B: We will visit the Topkapi Palace when we go to Istanbul.
14.
A:............................................................. .. ... .............. .. ......... .. .. ...........
.. .... ?
B: We will have a lot of time to play tennis in the afternoon.
15. A: ....... .................. ...... ............. .. .... .............. ... ............ ... ?
B: Stella will do the exercises very carefully.
16. A:............ .................. ................. .. ............... ...................... .......... ?
B: The journey from Ankara to Istanbul will lake two hours in the future.
EXERCISE 95 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE
161
Put the verbs in brackets into either "The Present Simple" or "The Future Simple".
Example: We (eat) ................................ dinner as soon as my father (come) ...... .......
home
We will eat dinner as soon as my father comes home.
1. If it (rain).... ...................... ....tomorrow, I (stay) .... ... ................. .at
home.
2. They (finish) .............................the job after we
(give)........................................... them the money.
3. We (wait)................................................ here until she
(make) ..... ..... ............ .... a phone call.
4. When the children (get) ................................... here, they
(be).......................................... hungry.
5. If you (give) ............................... me the letter, I
(take)............................................. it to the post.
6. I (go) ................................................ there when I (feel) .......
................................... a bit better.
7. I (give) ........................................... him your message as a soon as I
(see)..................... .... .... him.
8. I (call for) ........................... an ambulance if your friend
(get) .............................. an electric shock.
9. We (have) ................................................ lunch before the train (get to) ....
.......... ... .... .....Paris.
10. She (have) ................................. a cup of tea before she
(go)......................................... to school.
11. The race (start) ................................... as soon as I
(drop) .................................... my handkerchief.
12. I (never, go) . ... .... ................. to that restaurant as long as I
(live) ........... .......... ..... ..here.
13. Once/when we (arrive) .... ... ..... ..... .... .... home, we
(have)... .... ..... ..... ... ..... dinner.
162
14. When he (come back) ..... ... ... ................. I (tell) ........... ...................
him what we will do.
15. We (not, start)............................ the meeting until everybody
(arrive).............................
16. If she (find) .............. a better job, I (think) ..... ...... that she
(leave)................ Istanbul for Paris.
17. I (paint)............................................. the kitchen if I
(have)... ..... .... ........... ... some free time.
18. I (not, forgive)........................................ him until he
(apologize) ...................... ................... to me.
19. By the time we (come back) .......................... from our holiday, they
(get)........................ married.
20. When I (go)..........................home after work, I (take)..................................
a rest for 3 while.
21. Dinner (be over)....... .... ...... .... .... ... by the time they
(come) ..... .............. ......... .... home.
22. If I (earn) ............................... enough money, I
(buy) ............................................ a car for you.
23. I am sure that the shop (be)....closed by the time you
(get) ......... ................ there.
24. He (not, take)............................... the job unless we
(offer)................................ him a higher salary.
25. You (stay)........................................ here until it
(stop)................................................. raining.
26. I (be)................................................. sure that you
(like)................................. your new teacher.
27. I(give).............................. you everything as long as you
(remain) .............................loyal to me.
28. The moment the film (finish) .... ......... ..... ..... , we
(leave) ................................. .....the cinema.
163
29. I (phone).................................. him as soon as I
(finish) ...... ..........................my job.
30. I (never, speak).................................. to her as long as I
(stay)....................................... in London.

EXERCISE 96 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE


Answer the following questions using the necessary "Conjunctions" and the "Prompts" on
the list below.
*I work in a bank.
* She watches television. * The bull goes away.
* They play football. * I find a better job.
* The train passes. * He takes me to the cinema.
* I have breakfast. * School is over.
* I get married. * I join the navy.
* I go to the United States. * I buy a villa.
Example: A: What will you do when you graduate from this school?
B: I will work in a bank when I graduate from this school.
1-A: Where will you go when you finish this course?
B: ..........................................................................................................................
2. A: What will you do if you win a lot of money in the lottery?
B: .............................. .............. ... ... ..... ..... ... ..... .........................................................
....
3. A: What will you do if you cannot find a job in Istanbul?
B: ......... ..... .......... ..........................................................................................................
.......... .... ...
4. A: How long will you stay in Istanbul?
B: .....................................................................................................................................
...............
5. A: What will your mother do after she has dinner?
164
B:... ............ ... .................................................................................................................
.... ............
6. A: What will you do if you become rich?
B: .................................................................................................................... .... ..... ...
. ...... ... .
7. A: What will the students do as soon as they get out of the school?
B: ...................................................................................................................... .... ... .
............ .....
8. A: What will your father do when he comes home?
B: ..... .... ........ ..........................................................................................................
9. A: When will your classmates go for their summer holiday?
B: .................................. ........................ ... .. .... ..... ..... ..... ......... .... ......................
........
10. A: When will you go for a walk?
B: ............ ..... ... ..... ............. ... ........ .... ....... .....................................................
........
11. A: How long will you stay up in this tree?
B: ...................................................................................................................................
... ... ....
12. A: How long will the gates remain closed?
B: ...... ......... ................................................................................................................
....................

EXERCISE 97 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE/BE GOING TO


Complete the following sentences with "shall / will" or "be going to" future form.
1.A: I think the house is on fire.
B: I..............................................phone the fire brigade right away.
2. A: Have you bought a present for Patricia?
B: Yes, I have. I.......................... ......... give her a gold watch.
3. A: Wendy, I love you very much. Will you marry me?
165
B; No, David. I am sorry. I.............................................. marry Michael Jackson.
4. A: How do you use this?
B: That's easy. I........................................ show you.
5. A: This room is very cold. I am freezing.
B: Don't worry! I. ....... ............... .... close the windows immediately.
6. A: How are you feeling?
B: I am not feeling very well. I think I............................................... be sick.
7. A: Do you want to buy this dress or that one?
B: I.............................................. have this one.
8. A: Have you decided what to study at university?
B: Yes, I have. I................................................ study Chemistry.
9. A: .................... ..... ..... .... we have a picnic on the island tomorrow?
B: Yes, that's a good idea. I.......................................... make some sandwiches.
10. A: I am freezing.
B: Put on your coat or you................................................ catch a cold.
11. A:.............................................. we invite Sandra to the party?
B: That's a good idea. It.............................................. be nice if she comes.
12. A: Have you made an appointment with the dentist?
B: Yes, I have. I................................................ see the dentist on Friday
13. A: That parcel looks very heavy.
B: Don't worry! I...............................................take it to the post office for you.
14. A: The teacher has got a piece of chalk in his hand.
B: Yes, I know. He ................................................write something on the board.
15. A: Can you give Molly a message from me?
B: Certainly, I........................................... see her at the meeting this evening.
16. A: I am very tired, mother. I cannot walk any further.
B: All right, I................................................ take you home by car.
17. A: Dad, will you please lend me your car on Saturday?
B: I'm sorry, I................................. see that new film at the Odeon....................... use it
on Saturday.
166
18. A: Are you out of work?
B: Yes, I am. I................ apply for a job at the local hospital. I have been thinking
about it for ages.
19. A: The house is very dirty.
B: I know. I ......... ....................... . clean it this afternoon.
20. A: How do you feel?
B: I feel a bit dizzy. I think I... ................................... faint.
21. A: It is Annette's birthday on Saturday.
B: Really, thanks. I .................................... . buy her a present now.
22. A: What is the mailer with you?
B: I have a pain in my leg. I................. .... ... ... see the doctor on Monday.
23. A:....................... I buy you a hamburger?
B: No, thank you. I.................. .... ..... ........ eat a sandwich.
24. A: What have you bought?
B: I have bought some bricks. I........................ .. ..... . build a green-house.
25. A: The phone is ringing..................... ... ... .... I answer it for you?
B: Don't worry! I................... .. ..... .. answer it right now.
26. A: Look at those clouds! The sky is very dark. I think it.................................. .....
rain prelly soon.
B: If so, ......................................... we go to the cinema?
27. A: What...................................... you have for lunch, sir?
B: I........................ .... ..... ... have two cheeseburgers.
28. A: Why do you have an eraser in your hand?
B: I .... .............................. clean the-board before the teacher comes.
29. A: Where .............. .... ... .. ... you go next week?
B: I....... ... ... ........go to China. If I can go there, I............................. .. .... see many
strange things.
30. A: We don't know what to do. .... ................................ we go to Antalya or
Bodrum?
B: If I were you, I would go to Bodrum.
167
31. A: What is your plan for tomorrow?
B: I....... ... .... ...... ...... study for my exam all day long tomorrow.
32. A: Mr Swan................................... .. work somewhere else. He has resigned. Do
you know who.............................. be the new teacher next term?
B: Yes, I know. Mr Jefferson .. ..................................... teach the same courses as Mr
Swan did.
33. A: I have done absolutely no work for my exam tomorrow. B: Then you ................
fail in the exam.
31. 34. A: I have mixed up all kinds of drinks.
32. B: If so, you .............................. .... ...be sick.
33. 35. A: There is no bread in the house.
34. B: All right, I... .... .. ........................ buy a loaf of bread right now.
EXERCISE 98 : THE FUTURE SIMPLE (CONJUNCTIONS)
Combine the halves of the Following sentences by writing them. Put the corresponding
letters in brackets.
1. ( ) -We will go for a hot milk
swim 10. ( ) - I will give you the
2. ( ) -The plane will lake money
off 11. ( ) - You will forget me
3. ( ) -We will stay at a 12. ( )-I will stay in bed
hotel 13. ( ) -We will get married
4. ( ) - We will have lunch. 14. ( )- I will wait for you in
5. ( ) -I will always be the car
under your service 15. ( }-There will be a dance
6. ( )-We will always on the ship
remember Atatrk pitching.
7. ( ) -Medusa will sing the a. if the ship stops rolling and until I
songs recover from my illness,
8. ( ) - We will go dancing b. while we are on holidays in Paris.
9. ( ) -I will drink a glass of c. as I play the piano.
168
d. as long as you need me. i. if you Look after the children.
e. as soon as my (artier comes home j. as long as we live on this planet.
from work. k. as won as we have enough money
f. while you are at the meeting. l. before we get to the airport
g. as soon as you tell me the truth. m. by the time we arrive in Samsun.
h. before I go to bed. the moment you leave Istanbul for Paris
.

EXERCISE 99 THE PRESENT PERFFECT SIMPLE (VERB: BE)


Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example: Has he been in prison for long?
Yes, he has been in prison for a long time.
No, he has not been in prison for long/for a long time.
1.Have you been in Turkey since you were born?

169
a................................................... ............. ... .... ..... .. ......... .- ..
b..................................................... ... .... .... .... .... .... ...........
2. Has your father always been on friendly terms with his boss?
a..... ....... .... ..... ................................................................................ ... ... ..... .... ....... .
b....................................................... .. ..........................................
3. Have your parents been to Paris before?
a............................................. .... .......... ................................................. ...........
b... ....... ..................................................... ... .... ........................................... ...........
4. Has the weather been rainy since last week?
a.............................. .......... ......................................... .... ... ..... .................................... ..
.. ....
b..................................................... ... ........................................... ... ..... ..... ......................
...... ..
5. Have your friends been at school since morning?
a......................... .............. ....................................... .... .... ..... ............................. .... ....
....
b... ................................................... ...................................................... ..... ......
6. Have you been married to Lara since you left school?
a.............................. ............................................................. .... .... .....................................
..... .... ...
b....................... ........................................................... ........ ..... ........................................
.. ....
7. Have your teachers always been nice to the students?
a..... ....... ..... ................................................ .... ............................................ .... .... ....
b. ............................. .... ..... .... ......... .............................. ... ..... .... ...
8. Has there been a postal strike since last week?
a.............................................. ......... ........................................................ ...
b............................................... ... ...................................................... ... ............... ... ......
9. Has your father been in love with your mother since they saw each other?
a................................................. ....... ......... ..................................... .... ......
170
b.................. ........................................................ ... .... .... ...................................... ....
....
10. Have you been interested in doing bungee jumping ever since you came here?
a..... ...................................... ................................................................ .... ..... .....................
.
b. .... ...... .... ........................................... ..... ... ....................................... .. .... ..... .
....

EXERCISE 101: THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


Put the verbs in brackets into either "The Present Perfect Simple" or "The Past Simple".
Example : A: Have you ever caught a fish? (catch)
B: Yes, I have.
A: Oh, really! When did you catch it?
B: I caught t two months ago.
1. A: ..... .... ......you ..... ... ... ... the teacher? (see)
B: Yes, I have.
A: Oh, really! When ............................. you .......................... him?
B: I. ......... ......... him when I was at the party.
2. A:.... ....... ...... you ever .............................. a song in the street? (sing)
B: Yes, I have.
A: Oh, really! When .............................. you ....... .... ... it in the street?
B: I ...... ..... ... . it in the street when I went to the carnival last year.
3. A:.......... ...... .... you .. .. .... ......... to her yet? (speak)
B: Yes. I have.
A: Oh, really! When........................ .you ..... ..... .... to her?
B: I.... ........... ... to her only half an hour ago.
4. A:.............................. your father ever.......................... in a river? (swim)
B: Yes, he has.
A: Oh, really! When.............................. he .............. .... ?
B: He .... ... .... in a river when he was in Turkey.
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5. A:........................... your sister ever .... ........... a hat? (wear)
B: Yes, she has.
A: Oh, really! When ........................ she ............................. it?
B: She.............................. it when she was engaged to Roger.
6. A: ....... ............. your children .............................. all their money? (spend)
B: Yes, they have.
A: Oh, really! When. .............. ... they..... ........ ...... it?
B: They............................ it before they came here.
7. A:.............................. you .............................. your medicine? (take)
B: Yes, I have.
A: Wonderful! When............................ you ...... ...... it?
B: I. ...................... it after I had breakfast this morning.

EXERCISE 102 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


Answer the following questions in "The Present Perfect Simple" using the words in
brackets.
Example : A: Why don't you read the newspaper? (Already)
B: I have already read it.
1.A: Are you going to post the letters? (just)
B:..
2.A: Have you ever read 'War and Peace'? (never)
B:..
3.A: Have you finished your homework (yet)
B:..
4.A: How many books have you written? (so far)
B:..
5. A: How long have you lived in Istanbul? (for)
B:..
6.A: Are you going to explain the subject? (already)
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B:..
7.A: How long has your father lived here? (since)
B:..
8. A: Are you in love? (never / before)
B:..
9.A;Why dont you fly this helicopter?(never / before)
B:..
10. A: Shall I make you a sandwich? (just)
B:..
11A: Will you return the books to the library? (already)
B:..
12.A: Would you like la eat dinner with me? (just)
B:..
13.A: Are you going to give the dog his lunch? (already)
B:..
14. A: Have you sold your car? (yet)
B:..
15. A: When are you going to tidy your room? (already)
B:..
16. A: Why don't you watch that film on (the) TV? (before)
B:..
EXERCISE 103 :THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
Write questions using the words in brackets. Use the Superlative forms of "Adjectives"
and "The Present Perfect Simple". Answer the questions.
Example: (high/ mountain / see)
A: .What is the highest mountain (that) you have ever seen?
B: Mount Ararat is the highest mountain (that) I have ever seen.
1.(long / river / see)
A:.
B:
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2. (high/mountain/climb)
A:.
B:
3. (beautiful/city/live in)
A:.
B:
4. (hot / place / be)
A:.
B:
5.(dangerous/place/be)
A:.
B:
6.(interesting / book / read)
A:.
B:
7.(difficult/language/study)
A:.
B:
8.(expensive / thing / buy)
A:.
B:
9.(charming / girl / meet)
A:.
B:
10.(funny / person / see / on television)
A:.
B:
EXERCISE 104 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
Rewrite the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence
before it. Use the alternative form with "FOR" or "SINCE".
174
Example: We have not had fish for a long time.
It is a long time since we had fish
It has been a long time since we had fish.
It is five years since we last swam in the river
We have not swum in the river for five years.
1.It is a long time since we played tennis.
We..
2. We have not heard from her for a long time
It..
3. It is a long time since we had a patty
We..
4. My father has not written to me for a long time.
It..
5. It is ages since her boyfriend took her out.
Her boyfriend..
6. My wife has not rung me up at the office for ages.
It ..
7. It is years since he did any useful work.
He..
8. You have not bought me anything for ages.
It..
9. II is six months since they paid us a visit.
They ..
10. I have not been to the United States of America for a long time.
It..
11. It is ten hours since I ate something.
I..
11.We have not had any rain for three months.
It..
12.It is a long time since we last studied English.
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We..
13.I last met Helen five weeks ago.
It ..
EXERCISE 105 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
Complete the following sentences with the Superlative forms of the "Adjectives" in
brackets, using "The Present Perfect Simple" with "EVER".
Example: A: What do you think of Carol?
B: I think Carol is (beautiful).................. girl I (ever, see) ...... ........... .
I think Carol is the most beautiful girl I have ever seen.
1. A: What do you think of this cake?
B: I think that is (delicious)....................... ..........cake I (ever,
taste) ....................... .................
2. A: What do you think of this car?
B: I think this is (fast) ................................... car I (ever,
drive) ........................ .. .......... ...
3. A: What do you think of the problem Mary has solved?
B: I think it is (difficult) ..................... ..... ... .......... problem Mary(ever,
solve) ... ..............................
4. A: Have you got any idea about this bicycle?
B: This is (good) .................... ...............bicycle I (ever,
have) ... .................................in my life.
5. A: What do you know about this woman?
B: I think Eliza is (intelligent) ... ... ..... .... .... ..... woman I (ever, meet) .... .. ....
.... ........ .........
6. A: What do you think about my remark?
B: I think that is (nice)............................................... thing you (ever,
say)...................................... to me.
7. A: What do you think about this poem?
B: I think this is (lovely)..... ............................ poem our teacher (ever,
read) ................ .... . .. .... .
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8. A: What do you think about this spring?
B: I think this is (bad) ............................................spring we (ever,
have)................................ ..for years.
9. A: Do you know anything about this horse?
B: I think this is (slow).... .. .... ................... horse I (ever, ride
on) .... ... ... ...................in my life.
10. A: What do you think of Helen?
B: Helen is (fat) ...................................... girl I (ever, dance) ........... ..... .... ... ... ....
..with.
11. A: What do you know about Istanbul?
B: Istanbul is (crowded) ........................................ city we (ever, be
to) ....... .......... . ..... in Turkey.
12. A: What do you think of my question?
B: Well, I think that is (silly) ....... .. .............. question you (ever,
ask) ..... ... ... .......... me.
13. A: How did you spend your holiday?
B: That was (splendid)............ .... ...... .... ....... holiday we (ever,
have) .. ...... ... ......... .......
14. A: What do you think about me?
B: Frankly speaking, you are (annoying)........... ..... person I (ever, meet) .......

EXERCISE 106 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


Write questions using "HOW LONG", "HOW MANY" in "The Present Perfect Simple"
Example: A: My father is a medical doctor.
B: Oh, really! How long has your father been a medical doctor?
Oh, really! How many years has your father been a medical doctor?
1.A: What a pity that my sister smokes cigarettes.
B: Oh,
really! ... ........................................................................... .....................................?
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2. A: My brother works for the Daily Telegraph.
B: Oh,
really! ..................... ............................................................................. ........................?
3. A: My son attends an English course in London.
B: How
surprising! ..................................................................................................................... .
.......?
4. A: My brother-in-law is in hospital.
B: Sorry to hear
that! ............................................... ......................................... ................?
5. A: Melissa is in love with Peter.
B: How wonderful! ................ ..................................................................... .....?
6. A: I know the new teacher.
B: Oh,
really! ............................................................................ .... .................................?
7. A: The teacher keeps her temper under control.
B: I didn't know
that.......................................................................... .................................... ... .....?
8. A: We are in the dining room.
B: Oh, really! ................. ...................................... ............................ ..... ........?
9. A: The children are swimming in the swimming pool.
B: Isnt that
strange! ................................ ............................................................ ...................?
10. A: My parents live in Athens.
B: Oh,
really! ..............................................................................................................................
......?
11. A: I am in a dream world.
B: How
lovely! ...... .. ........................................................................................................... ... .
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... ?
12. A: I have a terrible headache.
B: How depressing it is! ................................................................?
13. A: My daughter is married to a football player.
B: Oh,
really! ..................................... ................................... .......................... ..... .................
..........?
14. A: My brother is unemployed.
B: Sorry to hear
that! ............................................................................................ ..............................?
15. A: My husband is very much interested in politics.
B:
Lovely! .... ............................................................. .........................................................
..........?

EXERCISE 107 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


Put the verbs in brackets into either "The Present Perfect" or "The Past Simple" using
"FOR", "SINCE" or "AGO".
Example: He (work) .............................. in this factory. ..................... he
(leave)................ school.
He has worked in this factory since he left school.
1.Lucy (be)................ ... .......... asleep .................................... about eleven hours.
2.I (live). .... .. .... .... .... here................................... January.
3. They (not, cat) ................................. meat .. ... .... they (see) .......... that film about
farm animals.
4. My lather (be) .................... .. .. ... married .. ........................... twenty years now.
5. She (have).. .......... .... ..... .. her car ....... .. . .... ..... she
(become)........................ .............. a doctor.
6. I (study) ............................ English .......................... three years ............... I
(come) .. .. .... ... ..here.
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7. She (become)................... .. more aggressive ... ... ... she (enter) ....... .. .. ....
politics.
8. I (know). ... .... .... .Eleanor.......... ..... ... five years .. ......... she
(start) .................................... this school.
9. I (not, play) ......... ... ... ...tennis ............................. I (break) ..........................................
my kg.
10. I (get)..................married forty years .......... My husband and I (live) ... ..... ....happily
together ....then.
11. My father (leave) .............. home ten years .............. and he (not, write)...................to
us................. then.
12. His appearance (improve) ....... considerably ..... ..... . he
(grow) .............................. his moustache.
13. I (see).... .... ............ ..... my English teacher half an hour .........................................
14. I (live)...................in Italy ............... six months in 1998, but I (not, be)
........there...................... then.
15. He is the greatest boxer I (ever, know) .....................................
16. I (teach) ............................ English....... ..... ..... three years when I
(be) ..... .. .......... ... in Saudi Arabia.
17. Someone (build) .......... the house ten years ......... but I don't know who (live). ........
in it ...... then.
18.I (drive)........................................... a car........................................ a long time,
19.Ann (have) ........................... ... a bad cold .. .... .... .... .... the last few days.
20.Bill (be).... .... .. ..... engaged to Liz ..................... two years and then he
(get) ............ ....married to Jane.
21.They (setup) ............... this society ten yearsand the membership
(grow)............. ever.................
22.I (write) .......................................... the postcards but I(not, post) ..... ..... .... .... ....
them yet.
23.I (not, see) ........................... her ...................... ... . I (graduate) ........ ...... . from the
faculty of letters.
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24.This is the first time I (tell) ......................... ..... you a lie. (tell)
25.The young man (never, be)... ........ to Rome, but he (read) .................... a book about
this city last year.

EXERCISE 108 : THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


Complete the following sentences with the words on the list below.
always never already ever since just ever since
before since then now still for recently up to now
until now yet

1. I haven't visited Paris .......... .................. I was ten.


2. I have ............. ........... ..... seen such a beautiful girl in my life.
3. My father has written three books ...................... .........
4. I Haven't had a chance to write to you ............................. . ages.
5. My father has .... .. .. ............... booked a place for the wedding
reception.
6. We haven't ordered the flowers .......................................
7. I have ............... .............. spoken to him on the phone.
8. I have seen this film................................., but I cannot remember when.
9. Has anybody........................ ......... told you that you are mad?
10. Have you ................................... tried Turkish food? Would you like to try
some?
11. My sister has ................................... driven her car very carefully.
12. I have been married ................................. twenty
years .....................................
13. I have studied Italian ..................... ..... ... three years ... ... ................... I

181
came here.
14. Eileen is the most beautiful girl I have. ................................. seen.
15. We have known each other ....................... ..... ..a long time.
16. She has been interested in classical music .................................. 1975.
17. I saw your sister last May, but I haven't seen her.....................................
18. I have................................. read your composition. How much time did you
spend writing it?
19. I have ................................... flown a helicopter ................ ...............
20. The news about the inflation in Turkey has been bad... ..............................
21. He went to Paris ten years ago, and he has lived there...................................
22. He has ...................... wanted to go to Paris, but he has .............................
had the chance.
23. I have known Silvia ................................... years.
24. He was ill before Christmas, but he has been well................. .................
25. I have...................................... fallen in love .......................... .... .
26. This flat has been empty ................. ..... .... two years ...............................
27. Haven't you eaten your lunch....................................?
28. Have you ...................................... been to Japan?
29. I have ...... ........................ heard anything like this............ .................... in
my life.
30. I thought she was famous, but none of my friends
have.................................... heard of her.
31. Have you seen any good films .................................?
32. I have been to London four times .......... .....................
EXERCISE 109 : THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Put the verbs in brackets into either "The Past Simple", "The Present Perfect Simple" or
"The Present Perfect Continuous".
Example : I (live) .... .... .............................. in Istanbul since I (be)
born.
I have lived in Istanbul since I was born.
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I have been living in Istanbul since I was born.
1. She (write) ......................... .. letters since she (get up) .......................... .. this
morning.
2. The teacher (correct) ...............e papers for hours and he (not /
finish) ........................correcting them yet.
3. The girls (dance) ...................................... ... since it (get) ........ .. .... ......................
dark.
4. Gloria Stefan (stay) ............................. . at this hotel since Tuesday
5. (you, drink) ............. .. .............. wine since you (arrive) .. ....... ..... .....................
here?
6. What (your father, do) ...................................... since he
(desert) .. .... ... .................... his family?
7. (your sister, work)... ..... .... for this company ever since she
(leave) ................................ ..... school?
8. My brother (write) ...................................... three letters since he
(get) .............................. ..... .dressed.
9. The weather (be) .................. ..... . ............... terrible since our holiday
(begin) . ............................. ..... ....
10.My father (have) ...................:................ a lot of money since he
(join) .............. .... ... .......... this club.
11. She (Look for)........ ......... her lost child for two hours and she (not,
find) ................................. him yet.
12.I (not, have) ............................. a letter from Janet since she
(leave) . ....................... Istanbul for London.
13.My sister (collect) ... .................. stamps ever since she
(become) . . ..... ..... ...................... a doctor.
14.I (always, want) ....... .... ... .................... to go to Turkey ever since I
(get) ............................ ..... .married.
15.He (smoke) ............................. .... five cigarettes since he
(have) . ... .. ...... ................. breakfast.
183
16.I (study) ....... .... .... .................... German for three years and I cannot speak it
yet.
17.We (stand) ................ ...... on the platform since lunch time and the train (not,
arrive)....................... .yet.
18.I (know) ..... .............................. him for a long time; in fact he is my oldest friend.
19.We (drive) .......................... for two hours and (not, pass) . ........... .............. .... a
single petrol station yet.
20.My father (smoke) ... ................................... ever since he
(be) . .... .... ..................... ten.
21.The book (lie) .......................... ............ on the table for weeks.
22.We (be) ............................ married for ten years since we
(come) .. ..... ......................... to Istanbul.
23.I (love)............. you ever since I (become) ...... ..... ..... . .............. a teacher at this
school.
24.Helen (lie) .................................... .... on the beach since the sun
(rise) ..... ...................................
25.The room smells of garlic; your father (eat) ......................... ...... ...... garlic again.
26.He (get) ..................... complaints from the neighbours ever since he
(buy) ........................ his new hi-fi.
27.I (try) ............................................ to reach you since I (arrive
in) ............ ......................... Istanbul.
28.My sister (apply) .. ... ....................... for several jobs recently.
29.The little child (sneeze) .... ..................... ..... a lot lately.
30.He (leave) .............................. the city ten years ago, and he (live) ...................on
the island ever since.
EXERCISE 110 : THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Combine or rewrite the sentences in "The Present Perfect Continuous" stating how long
something has been going on. Use "SINCE" or "FOR" in your sentences.
Example: It started to rain three hours ago. It is still raining.
It has been raining for three hours.
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The wind started to blow when we got up. It is still blowing.
The wind has been blowing since we got up.
1. Carol started working in the bank in February. She is still working there.

2. I started to study Russian two years ago. I am still studying it.

3. Roger began to look for a job five months ago. He is still looking for it.

4. The students started dancing half an hour ago. They are still dancing.

5. Wendy started to write the letters when the sun rose. She is still writing

them.

6. My boss thought of increasing my salary six months ago. He is still

thinking of it.

7. I was thinking of getting married when I was in London. I am still thinking

of it.

8. I started to smoke when I was twenty. I still smoke.

9. Melissa was working as a model in 1995. She still works as a model.

10. She began to drink wine five hours ago. She is still drinking wine.

11. I began to decorate this room three days ago. I am still decorating it.

12. Zeynep started to play tennis at ten oclock. She is still playing tennis.

13. My sister started to live in this house a long time ago. She is still living in

it.

185
14. He was trying to solve that problem half an hour ago. He is still trying to

solve it.

15. Helen sat in front of the television two hours ago. She is still sitting in front

of it.

EXERCISE 111 :THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS


Answer the following questions using the words "FOR" or "SINCE" in brackets. Note
that "SINCE" must be followed by a clause.
Example: A: How long have you been living in Turkey? (for)
B: I have been living in Turkey for three years.
A: How long have you been living in Turkey? (since)
B: I have been living in Turkey since I was born.
1. A: How long has your mother been working as a housewife? (for)
B: .....................................................................................................................
2. A: How long has your mother been working as a housewife? (since)
B: .....................................................................................................................
3. A: How long have your children been watching television? (for)
B: .....................................................................................................................
4. A: How long have your children been watching television? (since)
B: .....................................................................................................................
5. A: How long have you been writing your new book? (for)
B: .....................................................................................................................
6. A: How long have you been writing your new book? (since)
B: .....................................................................................................................

186
7. A: How long has your friend been taking private lessons? (for)
B: .....................................................................................................................
8. A: How long has your friend been taking private lessons? (since)
B: .....................................................................................................................
9. A: How long has your brother been wearing long trousers? (for)
B: .....................................................................................................................
10. A: How long has your brother been wearing long trousers? (since)
B: .....................................................................................................................
11. A: How long has the cat been sitting in front of the television set? (for)
B: .....................................................................................................................
12. A: How long has the cat been sitting in front of the television set? (since)
B: .....................................................................................................................
13. A: How long have you been waiting for the bus? (for)
B: .....................................................................................................................
14. A: How long have you been waiting for the bus? (since)
B: .....................................................................................................................

EXERCISE 112 : THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE (CONJUNCTIONS)


Combine or rewrite the following sentences with "BEFORE" or "AFTER". Use "The Past
Simple" and "The Past Perfect Simple".
Example: I received Carol's letter. Then I spoke to her father.
I had received Carol's letter before I spoke to her father,
After I had received Carol's letter, I spoke to her father.
1.The boy went to sleep. I told him a lovely story.
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
2. First I washed my hands, and then I had breakfast.
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
3. Maria had a cup of tea, and then she started to play the piano.
187
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
4. Matilda brushed her teeth, and after that she went to bed.
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
5. Rosemary wrote the address on the envelope. Then she stuck a stamp on it.
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
6. Rebecca finished her English course, and then she went to London.
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
7. First I learned French. Then I went to France.
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
8. I took the medicine. I felt a little better.
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
9. The police arrived at the art gallery. The burglars left the building.
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
10. First the doctor examined the child. Then he wrote the prescription.
........................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
EXERCISE 113 : THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
Put the verbs in brackets into either "The Past Simple" or "The Past Perfect Simple".
Example: Nobody believed me when I (say) .................that I
(see) ...................................a UFO.
Nobody believed me when I said that I had seen a UFO.
1. It (be)...........very cold when he (get to).Moscow because winter (already,
arrive).........................

188
2. My car (not, start)..................... this morning because I (leave)............................the
lights on.
3. If he (work)..................................steadily he would have passed the exam.
4. After the detectives (check).................. the windows for fingerprints, they
(search)................... the house.
5. He (not, realize) ...................... his mistake until after he
(post)................................................. the letter.
6. The captain of the ship (he) ...............among the sailors who (abandon) .............the
ship just before it (go)............to the bottom of the sea.
7. I (take) ............................................ the decision after I
(speak) ................................................ to John.
8. They (he) ..... on the road for a mere five minutes when they
(have) ..................... ...a puncture.
9. The car (scarcely, stop) .................. when a policeman
(appear) .............................................
10.He (give)..... ..............me a painting which his grandfather
(leave)... ...............................him.
11. After the accident it was quite some time before they
(know).... ...........................................what (happen)
12.After Jack and Mary (go out)................................................ with each other for six
years, they (break up)
13.When she heard she (accept) .............. by Oxford University, she
(jump) ...............up and down with joy.
14.He (work)............. as a mechanic for four years before they (let) .............him drive
one of the racing cars.
15.He (say)....................................... that he (not, see) ............................................. his
mother for years.
16.After he (eat) ................ so much at Christmas dinner, he (suffer)................ from
indigestion.
17.It was the first time that I (ever, see) ................................................... such a big
189
man.
18.I would rather you (not, speak)..................................................... so rudely to your
teacher last night.
19.They (still, be)...................friends even though they
(be) ................. ......................... apart for ten years.
20.David (eat) .......................Japanese food before, so he
(know)........................................ what to order.
21.As the taxi was moving off, I (realize)................... that I
(forget) .............................. to take my wallet.
22.He (no sooner, turn)................... the corner of the street than he
(attack) ................by a gang of ruffians.
23.Peter (be).... .......................................... the handsomest man she (ever,
see)............................................
24.Before we (get) ............................... our cat, we (never, have)......... ...................... a
pet in our family.
25.I (hope)........... ........................ to talk to him but he
(be)............................................... too busy to listen.
26.The film (not, yet, finish).... . .... .. ........... when we (leave).... ...... ....
the cinema last night.
27.Before he (decide). ..... .... to start his own business, he (learn).. .. ... . all the
details about the job.
28.I wish I (learn)......... .... ........ .... ..... Arabic when I (be) ... .. ... .. ... . in
Libya.
29.It (be) .. .... ... ... .. .... .. ten oclock, but the children (not, get up) .... .. .. ...
..... .... yet.
30.By the time Peter (arrive) ...................................... at the hotel, his wife (already,
die)..... .... .... .....
31.If I know................................. that you (be)..... ... .............. tired, I wouldn't
have given you that task.
32.As soon as I (get)...... ........................ home, I saw that someone (break
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into).... ......... ...... my flat.
33.By the time I (get)..................................................... home, they
(eat) ..... ... .. ... .. . all the cake.
34.The man (already, tell)...... ....... .... .... ..... the truth before the police
(arrive). .... ........... .. ...
35.If you (not, warn) .... ... .. .... ...... .... me, I would have fallen into the water.
36.He said that he (be).......................... excited because he (never,
travel) .................... on/in a train before.
37.When he went into the kitchen, he (discover).............. that the cat (drink)
............all the milk in the plate.
38.When I (arrive) . ... home, Linda (not, be)........ there. She (go).............to the park
to take some fresh air.
39.She (just, complete) ................... .her project when her friend (call).. . .. ... to
invite her to the theatre.
40.Rosemary (be) ...........late for school yesterday. This (be)unusual, because
she (never, be) .......... late before.
41.When I looked at the map, I (discover) ................ to my horror that I (take) ........
wrong road.
42.The police (catch).. ................ ........ the fugitive before he (drive) ... ... ....... ...
... very far.
43.After he (work) ....... ........ in the hospital for three years he
(decide) ..................... to give up the job.
44.My daughter (learn) ............. .... ... Spanish before she (go) ..............................
to Spain.
45.When my father (leave)................................ Belgium, he (work)... ............. there
for twenty years.
46.She wishes she (study) ..................... this subject when she (be) ..... .... .. ... in
London ten years ago.
47.I (wait) ......... .... .. .... ........ at the bus-stop until the bus
(arrive). ............................ ...........
191
EXERCISE 114 : THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
Complete the following sentences in "The Past Perfect Simple", using "The Correct
Forms of the Verbs" on the list below.
WASH, WRITE, TELL, PAY, DRINK, FORGET, SPEND, WORK, EAT,
WATER
1. As soon as I................................ the bill, I left the restaurant.
2. When I.................................. the beer, I threw the empty bottle away.
3. I got wet because I................................to take my umbrella with me.
4. I couldn't afford to buy a new shirt because I........ .............. all my money
5. After I......................... .... a letter to Peter, I put it into an envelope and
posted it.
192
6. The gardener told us to keep off the grass because he........................ .....it.
7. He bought his villa after he ................ ... .. for ten years in England.
8. When I went home, my parents .................................. their dinner.
9. She went to sleep after her father............ ...... her the story.
10. He. .... .... ............. his hands before he had lunch.
SEE, TAKE, PASS, HAVE, PREPARE, FLY, ARREST, PUT OUT,
FEED, RECOVER
1. When I told the doctor that I .................. earache for nearly a month, he
gave me a prescription,
2. 2. After she ................................. her driving test, she bought a car.
3. John said that he..................... ..... .. that film before.
4. We .................................... to Athens before we took the terry boat to Izmir.
5. I .......... just.................. from the chicken pox when I caught measles last
month.
6. We discovered that we .................................. the wrong road at the
beginning of the trip.
7. She wondered if the police ............. ..... .......... the thief before dawn broke.
8. Linda .................................. the meal before she left the house.
9. When the fire engines arrived, the children ...... ... already ................... the
fire.
10. After she ........................... ... the animals, she went for a walk in the
woods.
LOSE, WANT, GATHER, COMMIT, BREAK INTO, DIE, START,
EXAMINE, BE, SET
1. Most of the tables were occupied and the guests ........... already... .... .
eating their meals.
2. I.................................... to take a good holiday this year but I wasn't able to
get away
3. He expected people to be sympathetic because his
mother......................................
193
4. He............................... a newspaper reporter before he became a
businessman.
5. The anthropologist left the village when he ... ... .... ......... enough data.
6. When we got back, we discovered that someone ................................... our
house.
7. After the doctor.................................... my leg, he told me that it was
broken.
8. When I questioned the boy he said he didn't know where
he ...................................... his cap.
9. The sun .................................... in the west before we reached our
destination.
10. The prisoner confessed that he ..... ..... ...... .. the crime.
EXERCISE 115 : THE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Put the verbs in brackets into either "The Past Simple1' or "The Past Perfect Continuous".
Example: I (wait for) ...... ... ..... the bus for two hours when I (see).......... Jane.
I had been waiting for she bus for two hours when I saw Jane.
1. All day I (feel) ............... nervous but the feeling (vanish). .. .... as soon as
I (see) .............. her.
2. I (be)....................... ..... ... very tired because I (play).................. ... ....
tennis all afternoon.
3. She (think of) ............. .studying marine biology but she (finally, decide)
..on chemistry
4. When I (start)...................... working for this company, I (work)............as
an architect for six years in London.
5. She (bite).. .......... her nails for years, but last month she (make up)........her
mind not to bile her nails any more.
6. I (realize) ............. that I (overwork).......... for a long time, so I
(decide).......... to take a couple of days' holiday
7. When I (get) ........ there, they (already, lest)......... the new nuclear
submarine since eight oclock.
194
8. Rose (feel)................................ ... miserable because it
(rain) . ...................... all weekend.
9. After he (practise) ...................... for an hour, James (start).................... to
play the tune perfectly.
10. By the time I (get) ................................. home, they
(dance).................... for two hours.
11. My feet (hurt)...... .. ....................... badly because I
(walk) ...... .... .... ............ for two hours.
12. The orchestra (play)..... ... .................... for five hours when the
dance (end) - ........................ ...
13. . She (wear) ....................... that old hat for a long time when she
(find)............... a job in London.
14. When I (last, see). ................... him, he was living in London. He
(tell).....me that he (think of)....emigrating to Australia.
15. When I (enter)....the room I could smell cigarette
smoke. Obviously, somebody (smoke)... in there for hours.
16. He realized that they (cheat) ..............him since he (start) .................
.... to do business with them.
17. When I (reach)..................... the classroom the exam (go
on).................... for almost half an hour.
18. The girl with whom I (play) ....................with suddenly
(burst).........................into tears.
19. The kettle (boil)................ for a quarter of an hour when we (sit
down)....................... at the table.
20. After they (travel)......................for about two hours on the open sea,
they (meet)................a big steamer coming from England.

195
EXERCISE 116 : THE FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE
Put the verbs in brackets into either "The Present Simple" or "The Future Perfect
Simple.
Example: I (type) ...............................all the letters by the time I (leave) the office.
I will have typed all the letters by the time I leave the office.
1. Don't worry. I (repair)..................... the car by the time your father (get back).. ....
... ........ .... ...
2. The rain (stop) .................. ..... before we (reach).................................... home.
3. Within five years, I (hope)..........I (get)......................... a big promotion at work.
4. If you (not, hurry up) ................. the bus (go)... .... . before we (get
to)................ ...... the bus-stop.
5. The film (already, start) ....................................... by the time we
(get) ..................................... there.
6. I (run out of) .................................................. money by the end of the month.
7. In six months' time, the election (certainly, hold)........................... We may have a
new government.
8. It (be)........................ ....... five oclock; they
(arrive)............................................................ home by now.
9. By the end of the month I (finish)... ..... .................. my job if everything
(go)............. ..... all right.
10.. Miranda speaks English very well. She (take).... ..... ..... ..... .... .... ..... private
lessons.
11. It is already midnight. The children (go) ............................................................ to
bed by now.
12.Next year, I (be) ..... ... .................... ........ married to Patricia for twenty years.
13..They (complete) ...................... the building by the time we
(receive).............................financial aid from the government.
14.We (play).......................tennis for four hours if we (not, stop) ......before
196
it(get)............................ dark.
15.We (have)......... .................................. dinner by the time the programme
(begin) ......................... .... ...
16.The train (arrive).............and all the passengers (leave) ................the station if we
(not, hurry) .................
17.I (learn).................................................. English within two years, I think.
18.. Monica (forget)........................................ you before she
(reach)................................... her destination.
19.They (return) ................................................... by the time Angela (get) .... .... ......
.... .. ........... home.
20.The ship (leave).... .... ..... ..... ... the harbour within fifteen minutes.
21.The dance (start)................................ by the time we (arrive) ........................ there.
22.I will be able to buy your car next June. I am afraid I can't wait that long. By then
I (sell)............ the car to someone else.

EXERCISE 117: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE 1)


Rewrite the following sentences using "IF" to make "First Conditionals".
Example: Perhaps I will have a lot of money. Then I will buy a car.
If I have a lot of money, I will buy a cur.
1. Perhaps her husband will not like her new dress. Then she will return it to
the store.
If
2. You may not find the address. Then don't forget to call me.
197
If
3. Perhaps I will see George. Then I will tell her to phone you.
If
4. Paint the house. It may look better.
If
5. Perhaps they will offer me the job. Then I will accept it.
If
6. Tom may phone this evening. Then I will Lake the message.
If
7. The flat may be too expensive. Then I will not rent it.
If
8. I may not have enough money. I cannot have a vacation.
If
9. Melanie may save money. She stops spending money on her clothes.
If
10. It may rain, so my father doesn't let me play in the garden.
If
11. The weather may be too cold tomorrow. Then I will stay at home.
If
12. Don't touch that dog! It may bite you.
If
13. You are eating too much! You are going to put on weight!
If
14. It is going to rain! You will get wet! Take your umbrella.
If
15. Turn the oven off. You might burn the food.
If
16. Hurry up! We are going to miss the train.
If
EXERCISE 118 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE1)
198
Put the verbs in brackets into either "The Present Simple, The Future Simple" or "The
Imperative".
Example: If you (walk)...........under a ladder, it (bring)............... ..... ... .... .. bad luck.
If you walk under a ladder, it brings bad luck. If you walk under a ladder, it
will bring bad luck.
1. If it (be).................................. .... foggy this evening, I (stay)...........................................
at home.
2. If we (take) ...................... care of the environment, our children
(have) ........................ ... a better future.
3. If you (eat) ............................... so much carbohydrate, you (put on) .. .... ... ... . ......
weight.
4. if we (plant) .................... more trees, our children (have).................................. a better
environment.
5. If I (get)...... ......... .. ....... a bad headache, I (take)........................ .... ..... one of these
tablets.
6. I (send) ............................................ you a letter, if! (receive).... .................................
the money in time.
7. She (telephone).................................. ... me if she (feel) ............................................
that pain again.
8. We (miss) ................... ... the train unless we (hurry)............................................ to the
train station.
9. If you (not, obey) ... ... ..... .................... the rules, the teacher (get) ............. .... ....
angry with you.
10. Unless we (stand up)..........................................., we (not, see). ..... .... .... ..
anything.
11. II it (rain)................................ , (take) ..... ..... ............... your umbrella.
12. If you (not, feel) ....................................... well, (not, go) ............. .. .... ... to
school.
13. If you (see) .........................Janet, please (not, tell)........................................... her the
bad news.
199
14. Where (you, go) .. ... .................... if you (miss) ............................................ the
train?
15. If you (not, eat) ............................................ so much, you (lose)... .... ..... .... .... .
weight.
16. If I (be)................................... late for work, I (take) .. .... ....a short cut across die
park to save time.
17. You (be) .......................................... in danger if you (meet) ......... ............................. a
lion in the forest.
18. If you (be) .... .. .... .............. really sick, why (not, go) ...........................................
home right away?
19. If you (go) ............................................ to bed late, you (feel) ...... ..... .... ..... .. tired
in the morning.
20. If you (take) ...... .... .... ....... ... drugs regularly, you
(become)..........................................addicted to them.
21. if he (not, give) .......................................... me the money, I (kill) .... .... ... ... ..
him.
22. He (not, become)....................... very rich unless he (become) .....................................
a successful singer.
23. If he (drive)....................... after dark, he (may, not, find) .. ...................... the house
easily.
24. If I (win) ................................. .... an Olympic gold medal, I
(be) ......................................... very happy.
25. If you (not, tell) .. ............................... the truth, I (not, let) ....................... .. ..
you go to the theatre.
26. If I (win) ....................... a lot of money in a state lottery, I
(buy) .................................... you a new car.
27. If you (take) ................. a few drops of this medicine, you (be) .............. in good
health again pretty
soon.(not, hesitate) ............................................ to phone me if you
(need).......................................... help.
200
29. If jack (ring)............................ while I am out, (tell)...... .......... .him to be here at
ten oclock sharp.
30. (not, forget) ..................... to take your umbrella if you (go out)....................... with
your friends tonight.

EXERCISE 119 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE 2)


Put the "verbs" in brackets into either "The Past Simple" or "The Present Conditional".
Example: If I (have) .. .. ... .. .. ... ten children, I (go). ... .... .. ... . crazy.
If I had ten children, I would go crazy.
1. I (be). ..... ............... ... delighted if you (come) ........................ ........ to stay
with us next year.
2. If I (be)............................................ in London now, I (visit) ... .. .. .... ... .
the Tower of London.
3. If he (not, be)....... .. .... ..... ....... drunk, he (not, talk) ...................................... to
his father like that.
4. If I (be) ...... .. .. .. .. .. as rich as you are, I (go) ........... .................... to
Italy.
5. Everybody (be) .. .... ..... .. ... frightened to death if the sun
(rise) ................ .. .. ..... .. in the west.
6. If I (smoke)... .. .. ....... ........ less, I (not, cough). ....... ..... ..... .. so much.
7. If you (not, give) .................. .....me the money tomorrow. I
(kill).. .... .. .. .... ... ..you.
8. If you (come) . ... .. ... ............ to my party tomorrow, we (he) .. .... .. ..
...... very happy.
9. If we all (have) .................. .good manners, the world (be)............ ..... a wonderful
place to live in.
10.You (not, feel) .............................. the cold so much if you (wear) ..... ... ... .....
thicker clothes.
11. If you (pay) .................................. more attention, you (learn) ... ...... .. .. .
201
our language easily.
12.If you (not, eat) .... ... ..... .. ..... ... so much, you (not, put
on) ..... ... ... ..... ... ....weight.
13.If I (be) .................................... in your place, f (not,
touch) ................................... ....... that snake.
14.I (apologize)............................... to you if I (do) ... .... .. .... ... something
wrong.
15.If I (not, be) .... .. ....... .. .. . afraid of the mice, f
(enter) .................................... the room.
16.You (understand) ........................... the lesson better if you (listen to) .... ... .... ....
the teacher carefully.
17.If I (be)... ... .... - - .... ... as strong as you are, I (heat) .... ... ...... ....... him
at wrestling.
18.If you (be).. ... .... ... .. .. ..... in trouble, my father
(help)............... .......................... you.
19.If I (know).............................................. French, I (teach) ..... ........ .. ... .you.
20.I (he) .... ......... ... .... ....very happy if Natalie (marry) ... .... .. ..... .. me.
21.If he (get up) ............................................. early, he (be).......................................
there in time.
22.If I (he) .... .......... ... .......... as clever as you are, I (take
up)...................................... chemistry.
23.If I(have) .......................lots of practice in speaking Turkish, I
(persuade). ... .. ..... .. her to marry me.
24.What (your father, do) ... .... .... ... .. ... .. if he (know).. ..... ......... ... ... how
to play bridge?
25.Who (you, get). .. ..................... married to if you
(be)............................................... as beautiful as Julia
26.I (call) ....................................... the electrician if the lights (fail) ... ..... ..... ...
..... ..again.
27.If you (not, apologize). .. .... .......... ..... ..... , I (not, talk to) ... .. ... ... .. you
202
again.
28.If it (not, rain) ... .. .... .... ... ........ we (have)................................................ a
picnic on the island.
29.The hijackers (destroy).............................. the bus if the police
(refuse) ..... ........... to meet them.
30.If you (arrive) ................................ late, the boss (probably,
dismiss) ....... .............................. you.

EXERCISE 120 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE 2)


Rewrite the following sentences using "IF" to make "Second Conditionals".
Example: It is a pity that I don't have a spare ticket, so I cannot take you to the
concert.
If I had a spare ticket, I would / could take you to the concert.
1. I don't work hard because my father always shouts at me.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. I cannot get a job easily in a bank because I don't know how to use a
computer.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. I don't earn much money because I don't work as hard as you do.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. She doesn't do her homework, so she doesn't get good marks.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. What a pity that I have to work tomorrow, so f cannot go shopping with
you.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. It is a pity that I am not as handsome as you are, so I cannot marry Angela.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. I am not happy because I am not married to Gilda.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
203
8. I have to take a bus because the school is a long way from home.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. What a pity that I am not as tall as you are, so I cannot reach (to) the top
shelf.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. I cannot go swimming because I don't have a swimming costume with me
now.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. I am sorry that I don't have much money, so I cannot help you.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12. I get bored because the lessons are too boring.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13. I am sorry that today is not a holiday, so I cannot stay in bed all day long.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14. What a pity that I am not a boy, so I cannot go out at nights.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
15. There are a lot of fatal accidents because people drive very carelessly in
Turkey.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16. We have a baby sitter, so we can go out very often.
If----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
EXERCISE 121: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE 2)
Rewrite the following sentences using "IF" to make "Second Conditionals".
Example: It is not raining, so I will not take my umbrella.
If it were raining, I would take my umbrella.
1. What a pity that the sun is not shining, so I will not take a picture.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. We cannot go to the cinema because I am doing my homework now.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. The population of the world is increasing so rapidly, thats why there is
204
unemployment in the world.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. It is not snowing, that's why we cannot play snowball outside
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. My father will leave the room, because my mother is smoking a cigarette.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. The student is cheating in the exam, so the teacher will punish him.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. The children are living in poverty, so they are begging for bread in the streets.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. I cannot concentrate on my work because my son is playing the piano.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. The police are looking for the terrorists, so they are stopping all the cars.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.We cannot go for a picnic because my father is repairing our old car.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. I will stay at home tonight, because I am taking an exam tomorrow.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12.My father will get a divorce because he is always having rows with my mother,
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13.I am very depressed because my mother is crying bitterly.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14.My eyes are full of tears because the girls are singing our national anthem.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
15.My brother is very happy because he is dancing with his fianc now.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.The children cannot play tennis because the wind is blowing very hard.
If -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
EXERCISE 122 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
Put the verbs in brackets into either "The Past Perfect Simple" or "The Perfect
205
Conditional".
Example: If I (have) ................................. time yesterday, I
(play)........................tennis.
If I had had time yesterday, I would have played tennis.
1. I (not, go) .............................. to Paris if I (know).............................................. it
was so expensive.
2. If Lisa (put).................... her concert ticket in a safe place, she (not,
lose).................................. it.
3. If John (not, wear) ..................................... a t-shirt at the beach, he
(get).................................. sunburnt.
4. I (die)............................................... if the surgeon (not, be)............... ...... ........... .
so experienced.
5. If I (learn) .................... ..... Arabic when I was in Saudi Arabia, I
(find).............................. a better job.
6. She (miss)............. ..... ................ the train if she (not,
hurry)................................ .... ....
7. If the driver (be)................................... . careless, we
(lose) ... .... ..... .............. our lives.
8. I (be) ...................................... delighted if the teacher
(come) .............................................. to my party.
9. If you (go) .......................... to the bank yesterday, you (be) .......................... able
To draw some money.
10.If I (have) ....... ................................ a lot of money last year, I
(go) ................................. ......... to Japan.
11. If Mary (know).................................. that I was here, she
(come)... ............ ....................... at once.
12.If you (get).............................. married to Betty, you
(be) ..... .................................... very happy.
13.I (not, go)................ .... .... there if you (not, tell) ................................................ me
the truth.
206
14.If Stella (get).................................. the money from her father, she
(buy) ........................... the car.
15.If there (not, be)................ ................ a storm, we
(arrive)............................................ much earlier.
16.If it (not, be) ......................................... foggy, I (not,
stay) ..................................................
17.If the horse (not, run away).............................. ...... , we (not,
walk)......................................... home.
18.If you (not, be) ......................................... so conceited, you
(make)... .... ..... ........... more progress.
19.I (buy) ... ........................ you a present if I (know).............. ..... ..... .... that it
was your birthday.
20.I (take).......................... . you to the circus if you (tell).......................... me that you
were free.
21.I (not, beat).. ......................................... you if you
(take) ............................................ my advice.
22.If it (not, be)...................................... ..so cold, she (not,
freeze) .............................................. to death.
23.If she (not, be)............... seriously interested in politics, she (can, not,
be) ....... .....Prime Minister.
24.What (may, happen)......................................... if you (not, stop)..............................
at the traffic lights?
25.If you (tell)............................... him that you were ill, he (not,
refuse)....................... ........... to help you.
26.If Julia (get up).... ............................. earlier, she
(catch) ............................................ the bus.
27.If I (not, miss) .............................. the train, I (meet) .................. .... ..............
you in front of the club.
28.If I (have) .................................... ...... the chance, I
(study) . ........................................... medicine.
207
29.I (sack) ..... ................................. him if he (not, do)..................................... .....
the job well.
30.I (have)................... time for breakfast if I (not,
sleep) ................................................. late last night.

EXERCISE 123 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES)


Rewrite the following sentences using "IF" to make "Third Conditionals".
Example: I was watching TV so I didn't hear what she said.
If I had not been watching TV, I would have heard what she said.
1. It was raining hard, so we could not go for a picnic.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Cathy was feeling tired, so she didn't dance with me.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. You were listening to the news, so you didn't understand what we were talking
about it.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. I was feeling ill, so my father called a doctor.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. She was suffering from toothache, so she visited the dentist.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. I was feeling dizzy, so I lay down on the sofa.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. The students were talking loudly, so they didn't hear what the teacher said.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. The girl was not looking where she was going, so she fell down and broke her
arm.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. I was not watching the road, so I hit the woman.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
208
10.The gardener was watering the flowers, so we couldn't have breakfast in the
garden.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. I scolded the boy because he was throwing stones all the dogs.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12.I went to the theatre because my neighbour was taking care of my children.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13.The gardener complained to the teacher because the students were picking the
flowers.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14.The man was painting the door, and therefore I could not enter the house.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
15.My mother sent all the children into the garden because they were talking loudly.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.I tore up the book of ray friend because he was making fun of me.
If-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
EXERCISE 124 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES)
Rewrite the following sentences using "IF" to make "Third Conditionals".
Example: It rained last week, so we didn't go for a picnic.
If it had not rained last week, we would have gone for a picnic,
I didn't go to Italy last year, so I didn't visit your sister.
If I had gone to Italy last year, I would have visited your sister.
1. I punished you because you didn't tell me the truth.
If.............................................................................................................................
2. He didn't go to a university because he didn't pass the exam.
If.............................................................................................................................
3. The ship ran aground because they didn't drop anchor in time.
If.............................................................................................................................
4. She failed in her exam because she didn't study hard.
If.............................................................................................................................
209
5. My brother didnt become a Member of Parliament because he didn't win the
election.
If.............................................................................................................................
6. My friend didn't do his job properly, so he was sacked.
If.............................................................................................................................
7. The horse I backed didnt win the race, so I lost all my money
If.............................................................................................................................
8. The aeroplane didn't crash because the pilot was very experienced.
If.............................................................................................................................
9. Her brother didn't see the programme, so he didn't change his eating habits.
If.............................................................................................................................
10.The weather was very cold, so we didn't go for a swim.
If.............................................................................................................................
11. I didn't know that you were hungry, so I didnt invite you to dinner.
If.............................................................................................................................
12.I didn't put any petrol in the car before I left, so it stopped.
If.............................................................................................................................
13.Claudia didn't take her umbrella yesterday, so she got wet.
If.............................................................................................................................
14.I was not delighted because the teacher didnt come to my party.
If.............................................................................................................................
15.I didnt have any time, so I didnt play tennis.
If.............................................................................................................................
EXERCISE 125 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (UNLESS / IF ... NOT)
Rewrite the following sentences using "UNLESS" or "IF ... NOT".
Example : If you don't tell me the truth, I will not help your husband.
Unless you tell me the truth, I will not help your husband.
16.The party will not be any fun if you don't bring your sisters.
Unless you ................... ... ... ... .. ... .................. ... ..... ..... .. .................... . ..
17.Unless you are more careful, you will have an accident.
210
If you .. ... .. ... ... ... ................ ... .. ..... .... .................. .. ..... .... ...
18.I will not do my homework if you dont stop talking.
Unless you .............................. .. ..... ... ... ... ...................................... .... ....
19.She will not be able to speak Spanish unless she goes to Spain.
If she.. .... .. .... ....................... .. .... .. ... ................ .. ... .. .. .....................
20.If I don't see you at the station, I will try to get in touch with you at the hotel. -
Unless I. .. ..................................... .. .... .... ... ... .. ................................. ... ..
....
21.The plane will not be able to land unless the weather improves.
If the
weather ... .. .. ,. ... ... ..... .. ... .................................... ... .... ..... ..... ..... .. ...
22.I will die if you don't give me a drink.
Unless
you... ........................... .......... .. ..... ..... .... .... .... .... ....... ............. .. ... .. .. .....
23.We will go for a picnic tomorrow if it does not rain.
Unless
it. .... ... .. . ...................................... .. ..... .. .. .. .. .... . ..... ............. ....... ....
24.They will not lose weight unless they eat less.
If
they..... ... .. .... .. .. .. ... ................................................. .. ..... .... ..... ... ....
.........
25.If I don't have a quiet room, I will not be able to do my homework.
Unless.............................................. .. .... .. ... ... ... .... ....... ...................... ... ..
. .. ....
26.Unless you write to her and apologize, she will not forgive you.
If
you .... .... ... .... ... ........................................ .... .. ... .. .. ... .. .......... ...........
.. ...
27.If she doesnt get another job, she will have to sell her house.
Unless
211
she .... .. ... ........................................... .. ..... ..... .... .... ............................... ....
... .
28.You cannot get sleeping pills if you dont get a prescription from a doctor.
Unless
you ............... ... .. ... .... .. ..................... . .. .. .. .. ..... .... .... . . ..............
29.Unless you drive more slowly, you will have an accident.
If
you ... ... .. ........................... .. .. .... .... ... . ......................... . .. .... ..... ... ...
..
30.If she does not start early, she will be held up in the traffic.
Unless
she .... .. .... .. .. .......................... ... ..... .. .. ... .......................... ............. ... ..
31.You would not have succeeded unless you had taken my advice.
If you ....................... ... .... .. ..... ......................... ... .. .. ... .... ............. ........ .....
... ..
EXERCISE 126 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES 1/2/3)
Change the First Conditional sentences into "The Second and Third Conditionals".
Example : Type 1 a. If it rains, we will go to the cinema.
Type 2 b. If it rained, we would go to the cinema.
Type 3 c. If it had rained, we would have gone to the cinema.
1. A. If you eat too much, you will get sick.
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
2. A. If I have a lot of money, I will make a trip around the world.
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
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3. A. If there is a bus strike, we will not be able to go to work,
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
4. A. You will not succeed if you do not take my advice.
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
5. A. I will be in London by six oclock if I do not miss this train.
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
6. A. We will have a party if the weather is fine.
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
7. A. If I am rich, I will send you to England.
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
8. A. If you do more exercise, you will feel healthier.
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
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9. A. If you are not careful, you will fall into the water.
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
10. A. Will you go to the post office if your letter gets lost in the post?
B-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------

EXERCISE 127 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES 1/2/3)


Match up the two halves of the following "Conditional Sentences" (Types 1/2/3) to make
logical sentences by writing them.
1. ( )If it were not so urgent,
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. ( )If you had stopped at the red light.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
3. ( )If we lost the match--------------------------------
.----------------------------------------------------
4. ( )If you work hard,
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. ( )If I were in your
shoes-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. ( )If there were a gym,
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. ( )If you do not stand up when I come
in------------------------------------------------------------------
8. ( )If it had rained last
night----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
214
9. ( )If I were the Prime Minister of Turkey,
----------------------------------------------------------------
10.( )If I had a lot of
time,---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. ( )If it does not
rain-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12.( )It you see Margaret,
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13.( )If I had been
ill--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14.( )If the weather does not
change---------------------------------------------------------------------------
15.( )If I had known it was going to
rain-----------------------------------------------------------------------
a. We will have to put the match off until Monday.
b. I would not have taken my exam.
c. I would play sports at school.
d. I would not set up a coalition party in Turkey.
e. I would not have to ask somebody quickly.
f. The performance would have been cancelled.
g. We will go for a walk in the country.
h. I would not buy that old car.
i. Will you please tell her the news?
j. I would go to a concert.
k. We would not be disappointed.
l. I could have taken my umbrella.
m. You will pass the examination.
n. I will punish you severely.
o. Would not have had the accident.

215
EXERCISE 128 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPES 1/2/3)
Complete the following conditional sentences on your own. (TYPES 1/2/3)
1. If I were in your
place,...........................................................................................................
2. You will not learn English
unless ...........................................................................................................
3. She will not feel better
if...........................................................................................................
4. If I had learned
Arabic...........................................................................................................
5. Would you see a doctor
if ...........................................................................................................?
6. You will have a good time
if...........................................................................................................
7. If I were as tall as you
are ...........................................................................................................
8. Would you have forgiven me
if...........................................................................................................
9. If he had been
rich, ...............................................................................................................
10.He wouldn't have solved the problem
if ..................................................................................................
11. If they were in a
hurry, ...........................................................................................................
12.Rose would have been angry
if...........................................................................................................
13.If Natalie comes to the
party,...........................................................................................................
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14.Unless he earns a lot of
money,.........................................................................................................
15.If I have enough
money...........................................................................................................
16.She would make a cake for the children
if.................................................................................................
17.If it had not rained
yesterday, ...........................................................................................................
18.What would you have done
if...........................................................................................................?
19.19.I will get my money back
if ...........................................................................................................
20.I would be very grateful to you
if..............................................................................................
21.If I had worn your
raincoat...........................................................................................................
22.If Eileen were not so
busy, ...........................................................................................................
23.I would call the police
if ...........................................................................................................
24.If I had taken your
advice, ...........................................................................................................
25.If I had known that you were
ill...........................................................................................................
26.Would you play bridge with me
if.......................................................................................................
27.If your father shaves more
often, ...........................................................................................................
28.Our cities would look beautiful
if...........................................................................................................
217
29.If you had gone on a
diet, ...........................................................................................................
30.You would enjoy life more
if...........................................................................................................
31.If you touch that
dog, ...........................................................................................................
32.What will you do
if .....................................................................................................................?
33.I would definitely accept that job
if .................................................................................................
34.I would apply for that job in Paris
if.................................................................................................
EXERCISE 129 : CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (IN CASE)
Combine the following pairs of sentences using "IN CASE" to express a "precaution".
Example: I will give Jane my address. Perhaps she will write to me.
I will give Jane my address in case she writes to me.
I gave Jane my address. Perhaps she would write to me.
I gave Jane my address in case she wrote to me.
1. I will give you a key Perhaps you will come home early

2. I will not go out this evening. My girlfriend will probably phone me.

3. You had better hurry. It is probable that you will miss the train.

4. I will make the man lie down. Maybe he will faint and fall.

5. You should lake a map with you. Perhaps you will get lost in lire city.

6. I will write this number down. I will probably forget it.

7. You have to leave for work early. Perhaps you will get stuck in a traffic jam.

218
8. I will take a sweater with me. Perhaps the weather will get cold.

9. I will play the record softly. Perhaps our neighbour will complain.

10.I want to leave now. Perhaps the bus will come early

11. I will send these photographs to you. Perhaps you will be interested.

12.I will take a gun with me. Perhaps the bandits will attack me.

13.You had better chain up the dog. Most probably it will bite.

14.You had better take an umbrella. It is probable that you will get wet.

15.I bought the car at once. Perhaps the owner would change his mind.

16.We will walk home. We are likely to miss the last bus.

EXERCISE 130 : GENERAL EXERCISES (THE AXULIARY VERBS)


Complete the following sentences with "The Auxiliary Verbs" on the list below.
AM ARE IS WAS WERE DO DOES DID
WILL SHALL
HAVE HAS HAD WOULD SHOULD

1. I..... .... ..been studying English for six years.


2. Diana....................................... not go to the cinema yesterday.
3. .........................................you ever been to China?
4. Somebody.. .. .. .............................. tapping at the window now.
5. By this time next week, my father will...... ..... ..... ..................... arrived in Madrid.
6. Women ........... .... ... ................... wearing mini skirls this year.
219
7. He ............ .............................. just recovered from his illness.
8. We .................................................. probably go to Germany next month.
9. I wish I............................. ..... ........... learned French when I was in Paris.
10.I......................... ................... going to see him at three oclock tomorrow.
11. He .... ....................................... visited Paris many times since he became a
doctor.
12.How long ..... ... .............................. your parents been married?
13.Olga ......................................... singing a Russian song while they were playing
cards.
14.What ... ... .................................... you doing while she was setting the table?
15.It................................................... raining cats and dogs at the moment.
16.If I had a lot of money, I................................................. buy a new car.
17.The sun ............. .... ....................... not go round the earth.
18.I.............. ........................... be waiting for you when you go out.
19.He ...................................... ... been studying law for many years when he got
married.
20.If I .................. .......................... studied hard, I................................... ... ... have
passed my class.
21.He. .............................................. been very successful so far.
22.I wish my father .... ........................................... been here yesterday.
23.I would rather you ........................................... . not smoke here,
24.I................................................. no sooner left the room than the telephone rang.
25.................................................. you think that we can have roast beef for dinner?
26.How much chocolate ............................................. you eaten this morning?
27.Which of the two girls ............ ..... ......................... he take to the dance last night?
28.We ..have no news of them for several years.
29.The children ............................................... waiting for a bus when the accident
happened.
30.You .............................................. lake your children to hospital right away.
................................................ we go fishing this afternoon
220
?EXERCISE 131 : GENERAL EXERCISES (ON TENSES)
Complete the sentences with the correct forms the verbs
BE
1. I.... ...... .... .. .. .. .. very much interested in jazz music when I was in the navy
2. I .... ....... .......... ... an English teacher since I came to Istanbul.
3. If you .... .... .. ............ careful, you will learn how to drive a car in a short time.
4. I ................... .. .. ..... very happy if I go to Paris next year.
5. The rain had stopped by the time we .......... ........ .... .. .ready to go.
6. My sister.. ... ... ..... ... .. ... in love with a pilot for four years when she left
Madrid.
7. When I met Miranda in Istanbul, she ..... ............ ..... .. twenty years old.
8. I wish I ... .... ............. . .. at the party last night.
9. I wish I ..... .......... .. .. .. as handsome as you are.
10.Lora ...... ..... . .. ............ the most beautiful girlI have ever seen.
11. If I . . ................. .... ... ..in your place, I wouldn't leave her.
12.It... ............................. ... a long time since I last saw you in Paris.
13.I don't know if she ... ..... .... ... ............ married to Tom three years ago.
14.It ... .. .................. the best game i had ever seen.
15.I...... .... never . ............. . in love with another girl until I came to Paris.
16.Love me or leave me and let me .. ... .... ... . ...... lonely.
17.Linda .... .............................. .sick for six years before she found a better job.
18.You cannot get a driving licence until you ....... ...... ... .. eighteen years old.
19.Peter has been breaking things ever since he ....................... .... a little boy.
20...... ........... you ever .... .... ... to Canada in your life?
21.Barton Lynch ..................... ... ... .. in prison for ten years now.
22...... . ..... .... .. ... careful when you ... ... ............... driving a car.
23.I ............................. ... punished by my father every morning.
24.Helen ..... .............. .... in London next week if she... ... .. ......... ..... able to
pass her class.
25.I want...... .. .... .. .... .... a medical doctor when I grow up,
221
26.I .... .................... interested in politics ever since I joined this club.
27.There used ... - ..................... .. . a church near the hospital many years ago.
28.I........... ........ ..... ... very happy if I get married to that girl.
29.There ......... . .. ... .. a postal strike since last week.
30... ........... you ........... .. glad if you had three children now?

HAVE
1. ................................ breakfast at the moment.
2. My father ............................. .... .. a cold shower every morning.
3. We ....... .... ..................... dinner when the phone rang.
4. I ...... ..... .... .... .... a bath when I finish doing my homework.
5. She ................................................. a car when she was in London
6. We ...... .................................... a good time at the party last night.
7. The students .............................................. a good time when I saw them at the
party.
8. My father ... ... ... ... .... ... this car since he became a teacher.
9. I wish I................................................. three children now.
10.It is time we ................................................. lunch now.
11. I ..... .... .... .. ..... .. my car repaired tomorrow.
12.We ....................................... a picnic if the weather is fine tomorrow.
13.I ......................................... a lot of headaches lately.
14.We .......................................... a lot of snow last year.
15.We ........................................ a chat when the teacher entered the classroom.
16.I....................... .. ..... ... Chemistry if I go to London.
17.When I heard the news, I gave up ................... .... ... .. for my exams.
18.Do you want......... ... ........... ... French before going to France?
19.I will play the piano while you ........... the accounts,
20.I love .... ........................................ in the morning, not in the evening.
222
21.After ..... .......................... . the works of Shakespeare, I started writing poems.
22.Stop ................. .. .. .. . the face of the man in the picture. Do something else.
23.I................................................ German for three years, but I cannot speak it yet.
24.If she.. ..... .... .......................Japanese alone, I am sure that she cannot make any
progress.
25.If you want to be a medical doctor, you must..............................................
medicine.
26.Maria ................................................. a cup of lea before she started playing the
piano.
27.If you want ................................................ a good time, you must come to our
party.
28.We ................ .. ... ... . dinner as soon as my father comes home.
29.It is a tradition........... .. .... .. Turkey for Thanksgiving Day dinner in the United
States.
30.When I told the doctor that I . ........ . .......... earache for nearly a month, he
gave me a prescription.

STUDY
1. I................................................. for my exam at the moment.
2. Susan .......... ... ....................... English for two hours every day.
3. My father............. ......... .... .... French for two months last year.
4. My friend .............................................. this subject very carefully when the
Second World War started.
5. We................................................. Russian since we came to Istanbul.
6. The scientist................................................. the drinking habits of animals when he
goes to Africa.
223
7. Shall we .... .................................... in the living room tonight?
8. .... ...... you ever...... ... .. the surface of the moon?
9. History and Economics .. .... .... .. ... ... by the students at this school.
10.The report you gave me . .. .. .. .. .. by the doctors tomorrow.
11. Let's ..... .. ... ... ....... the life of Atatrk.
12.Would you go to London if you .. . .... ... ... . .... under Etude Menuhin?
13.If I were you I. .... .. ................. the map of Turkey before going there.
14.My parents didn't let me .. .... . ...... .. ... in my bedroom.
15.If they allow us . .... ... .................. in the living room. We will have a wonderful
time.
16.I .. ............. ..... Chemistry if I go to London.
17.When I heard the news, I gave up .. .... ..... ............ for my exams.
18.Do you want .. .... ......... ..... French before going to France?
19.If will play the piano while you ............... .. .... .. the accounts.
20.I love ............. ..... .... ... in the morning, not in the evening.
21.Alter. ... ... .. .. .... the works of Shakespeare, I started writing poems.
22.Stop . .............. . ... .. the face of the man in the picture. Do something else.
23.If. ..... .. .. .. .. .. German for three years, but I cannot speak it yet.
24.If she ... ... .................... Japanese alone, I am sure she can't make any progress.
25.If you want to be a medical doctor, you must .. ... .. .... ..... medicine.

224
EXERCISE 132: GENERAL EXERCISES (ON TENSES)
Complete the following sentences with the correct forms of the "verbs" in brackets.
Example: I (make)........... .......... a lot of friends since I come........to Istanbul
I have made a lot of friends since I came to Istanbul.
1. Why (you/look) ................................................. at me like that? Have I said
something wrong?
2. The River Amazon (flow) ............................................. into the Pacific Ocean.
3. Look! Somebody (climb) .. ..... .... ... ..... ...up that tree over there.
4. I will have eaten my dinner by the time they (come) .. .. ... ... .. ..here.
5. The teacher (be) ........................................... at the meeting two days ago.
6. I (phone)... .... ... ...... ... .. you as soon as I arrive in London.
7. We (just / sit)..... .... ... .... .... .... down to dinner when a fire (breakout)............ ...
.... ... ..last night.
8. The exam (already / begin).......................... when they
(discover)................................. that one the exam papers (be). ... . missing.
9. Mr. Brown (usually/go)................. to the theatre on Fridays. He (do).............that
more than twenty years.
10.(you/meet) .......... ........ your English teacher? Yes, I have. I
(meet) ................................. her yesterday.
11. (you/have)............................................... a good time at the party last night?
12.My feet hurt badly because I (walk) ........... .... .... ..... for an hour and a half.
13.My father (conduct) ............................................ an orchestra since 1997.
14.I wish I (be) ...... .. .. .. .. there to help when your mother
(be)................... .... ..... .. so ill last night.
15.It is time you (go) ............................................ if you want to catch that train.
16.They (not / write) .... .... .... ... .... .. to us since they
(go) .......................... ...... .... . to Madrid.
17.Tom feels tired now. He (practise) ... .... .... ................. his new guitar all day
long.
18.He (teach) .............. hundreds of students, but he (never/meet)................... such a
225
hopeless class like this.
19.Mrs. Smith (often / drink) ..... .. .......... tea, but today she
(drink) .... ... ... .... ... ....coffee.
20.The house (be)..................... very quiet when I got home. Everybody
(go)..................................... to bed.
21.He (sleep) .... .................................. for ten hours. It is time he (wake up)
now,
22.When we reached the bus-stop, we (see) .... ........ that the bus (already /
go) ................ ......... ..
23.I (make) ............................................... cakes. That's why my hands are all covered
with flour.
24.What would you do if you (have).. ........................................... a million pounds?
25.By the end of the month we (work) .... .... ... .... ....... on this book for ten
months.
26.The telephone (ring) .................................... .. for five minutes. Why don't you
answer it?
27.They were all exhausted because they (work) . ... ..... .... ..... ... hard since
morning.
28.She (hardly / enter) ......................................... the classroom when the exam
started.
29.They (not / leave) ................ .... ... .... . the office until I had completed my
report.
30.What a pity that! I don't know her telephone number. I wish I
(know) ................................. her number.

EXERCISE 133 : GENERAL EXERCISES (ON TENSES)


Complete the following sentences with the correct forms of the "verbs" in brackets.
1. Columbus (try)...... .... . to reach India for a long time when he (discover).... ..
.............America.
2. None of the students (know)...... the answer to that question, because the teacher
226
(not/teach).that subject yet.
3. I see that you (still/do) .... .... ...your math homework. How many problems
(you/solve)........ ...... so far?
4. This is the house where I used to live, but I (not/live) ... .. ... .. .. there any
longer.
5. I (be). .. .. - -. in the cafe for nearly two hours when she finally arrived.
6. The accident happened after we (leave) ...... .. .. ... the restaurant.
7. I am on a strict diet. I (eat) ................................. ....... nothing but bananas for the
last ten days.
8. I would rather you (not / say) .. .... ... .. .... anything about this to anybody,
please.
9. If I (know) ... ... ..... ... .... .. that you (be).. ....... ............. ill, I would have
visited you.
10.He told me that he (be). . .. ... ... .. in London for ten days.
11. I swear that there (never/be) ............. ............. ......... such a wonderful game of
cricket before.
12.No sooner had she got onto the motorway than her car (break down). .............. .....
..... . .
13.The Browns (buy)................... a big house in London last year, and they
(live) ......... ...there ever since.
14.When I last (see).....................him, he (live)..in London .He (tell)
..........me that he (think of).emigrating to Australia.
15.I posted the parcel today, so I am sure that you (get)........................ it ma few days.
It (usually /take)..........two days.
16.The watch you (buy) ... ........... yesterday (not/work) .......... I (lake).it back to
the shop if I were you.
17.Do you mind if I (smoke) .......... a cigarette here?
18.Your eyes were all red. (you/cry) .. .... ... .. .. when I
(see) ................. .................. you?
19.What do you think you (do) ... ..... ... ... ... ? That's my car you
227
(try) ................................... to get into.
20.I wish you (turn down) .... ... .. ....... . that music. I am trying to make a phone
call.
21.Next Monday (be)........ ............................... a national holiday.
22.The President (only just/leave)...... ........ .... the Palace when a time-bomb
(explode)........yesterday.
23.I cannot carry this heavy table. I wish someone (help).. .... ... .... ... ..me
24.You (not /tell).........................me that the buses were running. I wish you (tell).
..... me before I (leave)..................... the house.
25.When the results of her medical tests (arrive) .................. she realised that she
(not/be).. ... .... in good health.
26.He told me that he (be).. .. .. .. ... ... a waiter before (become) .. .. .. ..
.... ... a taxi-driver.
27.They have been looking for the dog which (be) ... .. .... ... .. missing for
three days.

EXERCISE 134 GENERAL EXERCISES (ON TENSES)


Complete the following sentences with the correct forms of the "verbs" in brackets.
1. There (be)........ ........................ many students at the meeting tomorrow,
2. That child (be) . ..... .......................... ill. He (eat).......... ...................... ever since
he sat down.
3. I wish I (learn)................. ............... French when I (be). .. ...................... in Paris
ten years ago.
4. I (go).. ........................... . to London two years ago, but I (not /
be)...... ....................there since then.
5. John (be) .................................. busy now. He (write) ........................ ....... a letter.
6. We (be)..................................... in Madrid for two months last year.
7. The wind (always / blow).............................very hard during the month of March.
8. He says that he (be)................................. here in a few minutes.
228
9. (not/make) ........................ ...... a noise here, children! My baby
(sleep)........... ......................
10.If you (not /know) ......................the meaning of a word, (look).......................it up
in a dictionary.
11. It is high time you (make up).......................... .your mind about
(choose).................... .. a career. If you (not / decide) ....................... soon, you can
never settle down to work.
12.Whenever her husband (leave).............. ............... on business, she feels very
lonely until he (come back)
13.We (go) ........................ to the circus last week. It (be)........................very
interesting for me, because I (not/be).......to a circus before.
14.I am sure my life (change). .................... a lot after I (graduate) .... .......
.... ... from the university.
15.I (be)............... to the cinema twice this week, but normally I (not/go)........... ..... to
the cinema so often.
16.I have noticed that since I (start).................... this course, my English (improve) .
... .......... ..... a lot.
17.It is years since I last (see)............. .. him, so I may not recognize him when I
(meet).... ...........him again.
18.There (be) ................ .................. great progress in computer technology in recent
years.
19.The project I (work)............... on at the moment (seem) ......... .............. to be
difficult, but it isn't in fact.
20.Sheila (always / catch)...................... the 8.30 train, but this morning she
(catch) ..................... the 8.45.
21.I (run into) ............ him at nine oclock this morning just before the exam; I (not /
see) ................. him since then.
22.I (ring) ... ...........................his phone for ten minutes, but nobody
(answer).......... .................... it yet.
23.When Columbus (land)...............................in America in 1492, he
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(not/know)................... that he (discover)......................... a new continent.
24.When I(arrive) ... ......................... .. at the theatre last night, the play
(just/begin)... ............ ................
25.I am very nervous because this (be) ..... ......... the first time I
(drive)................................. a car in my life.

EXERCISE 135 : GENERAL EXERCISES (FINDING THE VERBS)


Find the necessary "verbs" and put their correct forms into the blanks.
1. Please. .... .. .........not .. . .............. so much noise. I am doing my
homework.
2. Where is Margaret? She ..... ............. .. .. a bath now.
3. Silvia .... .. ........ .... ... English with ray lather at the moment.
4. The population of the world .. .. ... .. ..... . .... ... very fast.
5. Why.... ..... you .......... at me like that? Have I said something wrong?
6. Excuse me, I............ .. ... ... ..... a phone box. Is there one near here?
7. These days food .... .. .............. ... . more and more expensive.
8. Hello. Steve.I ... .... .............. not ...... .... ... you for ages.
9. The earth ... ..... ................ .. .round the sun.
10.Nurses ... ....... ...... ...... ... .. patients in hospitals.
11. Rice ............ . not .. .. ... ..... in England.
12.In summer Tom .............. .. .. .. tennis twice a week.
13.The River Amazon .. .. ................ into the Pacific Ocean.
14.The kettle .. .... .. . ............ . Could you turn it off, please?
15.............. ... .... . those people. What language are they speaking?
16.That machine isn't working. It......... ... .... ............. this morning.
17.My parents live in London. They .. .. . ...... .... ... there for twenty years.
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18.Look! Somebody ................ .. .. ....... that tree over there.
19.Do you ................... ... ....the God?
20.I usually ............ .. .... ... ........ to work by bus.
21.You can.... ..... ... ............. my umbrella. I don't need it at the moment.
22.My father is in London at the moment. lie ..................... ... . at the Hilton
Hotel.
23.What ......... .... your father ...... .. ... ? -He is a medical doctor.
24.Alex................. .. .. .. married to Helen next month.
25.Does the film .. .......... .. .... ... .. at 3.30 or at 4.30?
26.What time .......... .. the train.... .... ... . at the station this morning?
27.He was going to travel round the world but in the end he .. ............... .... ... his
mind.
28.I........ .. ... ............ my new dress to the party tomorrow evening.
29.The sky is full of black clouds. I think it .. ...... ....... ... ..
30.What would you like ... .... ........... .. ... ? -I'll have a lemonade, please.
31.Will you please ........... .... .... ................. quiet? I am studying English.
32.My bicycle has a flat tyre. Can you ................ .. ... it for me?
33.I think Tom will like the present you ..... .... .. ............ . for him.
34.Wait here until I .... ..... ... ........ back.
EXERCISE 136 : GENERAL EXERCISES (FINDING THE VERBS)
Find the necessary "verbs" and put their correct forms into the blanks.
1. We... .... ......... not......................... her to the party, so she didn't come.
2. .................... you ..................... a good time at the party last night?
3. I was hungry, so I............................................. something to eat.
4. Tom's father ..... .................................. him how to drive when he was seventeen.
5. Don fell down the stairs this morning and .... ..... ............................. his leg.
6. We needed some money so we. .... ................................ our car.
7. Jim................................................. the ball to Sue, who caught it.
8. Peter didn't shave this morning because he ... .... ....not..................... time.
9. I ...... .......... not......................... anything because I was not hungry.
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10.While we ......... ......... .. .......... dinner, Tom came home.
11. Last night I was reading in bed when suddenly I ............................................ a
scream.
12.I.. ............. not.......................... very fast when the accident..................... ... ....
.yesterday
13.While I................................ .. ... the dishes, I broke a plate.
14.Peter... .... ......... ............... a photograph of me while I was not looking.
15.I have ............................................. my key. Can you help me look for it?
16.Are you going to the bank? - No, I................... already............................. to the
bank.
17.I.... ...... . never ......................... a car before because I haven't got a driving
licence.
18.Fred............................................. ill a lot in the past few years.
19.Hamlet was ................................. .... ... by Shakespeare.
20.America was ....... .... .... .... ............. by Columbus in 1492.
21.I.. .... ..... ... ...... ..... very tired when I got home.
22.What time .......................... Mary usually....................... lunch?
23......................... you ... .... ......... a swim this morning?
24.Can you ................................................ any foreign languages?
25.I.......................... not................ .. my mind where I am going to hang that picture.
26.What is Jill going to do when she ............. ...... ..... ..... ... from school?
27.Excuse me! Could you tell me how to ............................................ the station?
28.What would you do if you ............................................ a million pounds?
29.I wish I............ .... .. ................ rich now.
30.I told the hotel receptionist that I wanted to be ............... .... .... ..... . at 6.30.
31.Her new book will be ........................................... into French by me.
32.What.............................. ... ..... to you last night?
33.I.................. ......... .......... coffee to tea.
34.Would you ..................................... closing the door, please?
EXERCISE 137 : GENERAL EXERCISES (COMPLETION)
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Complete the following sentences on your own.
1. I make mistakes
when_______________________________________________________
2. We always take our shoes off before
________________________________________________
3. After I get
up________________________________________________________
4. If pay attention to the traffic signs while
___________________________________________________
5. My sister gets dressed as soon as
_______________________________________________________
6. As soon as f finished my homework,
___________________________________________________
7. She stayed in bed until
________________________________________________________
8. Till she gets
better,________________________________________________________
9. While he was in Paris,
________________________________________________________
10.While we have a bath,
________________________________________________________
11. I played tennis before ..
________________________________________________________
12.I turned oil the lights after
________________________________________________________
13.I am going to let you know as soon as
_________________________________________________
14.I feel nervous whenever
________________________________________________________
15.Whenever I sing a song,
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________________________________________________________
16.I didn't eat anything
because________________________________________________________
17.Shall we________________________________________________________?
18.Let's ________________________________________________________
19.I wonder how
much.________________________________________________________
20.Iwonderif________________________________________________________
21.Do you know
where________________________________________________________?
22.My father doesn't let
________________________________________________________
23.Do you know who.
________________________________________________________?
24.What will you do
if________________________________________________________?
25.I wonder how long
________________________________________________________
26.Could you speak English when
________________________________________________________?
27.I have had this car
since________________________________________________________
28.She is the most beautiful girl I
________________________________________________________
29.When it got dark,
________________________________________________________
30.She didn't go to school yesterday because
_________________________________________________
31.When I was very young,
________________________________________________________
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32.I saw the lion which
________________________________________________________
33.I finished my homework but
________________________________________________________
34.Was it raining when
________________________________________________________?
EXERCISE 138 : WISHES IN ENGLISH
Make a comment for each of the following situations using the structures below to
express your wishes for the Present or Future.
SUBJECT + WISH + SUBJECT + THE PAST
SIMPLE
IF ONLY + SUBJECT + THE PAST SIMPLE
Example: What a pity that I am a poor man.
I wish I were not a poor man. If only I were not a poor man.
It is a pity that Olga does not love me.
I wish Olga loved me. If only Olga loved me.
1. It is a pity that I don't know the name of that pretty girl.
I wish________________________________________________________
2. There is a party this evening, but I have a terrible headache.
If only________________________________________________________
3. We are very sorry that we live in a city with a lot of air pollution.
I wish ________________________________________________________
4. It is a shame that we don't have a television set at home.
If only ________________________________________________________
5. Natalie feels sorry that her parents live in misery.
Natalie wishes ________________________________________________________
6. It is a pity that I have to work in the office tomorrow.
If only ________________________________________________________
7. I am very sorry that I am not a king.
I wish ________________________________________________________
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8. I am sorry that I cannot speak French as fluently as my father.
If only ________________________________________________________
9. What a pity that I am not as handsome as you are.
I wish ________________________________________________________
10.I am sorry that I have an old father.
If only ________________________________________________________
11. It is a great pity that people do not obey the traffic rules properly.
I wish ________________________________________________________
12.I am very sorry that I cannot go to the wedding party of my friend.
If only ________________________________________________________
13.What a pity that I am not in London now.
I wish ________________________________________________________

EXERCISE 139 : WISHES IN ENGLISH


Make a comment for each of the following situations using the structure below to express
your wishes for the Present or Future.
SUBJECT + WISH + SUBJECT + THE PAST
CONTINUOUS
IE ONLY + SUBJECT + THE PAST CONTINUOUS
Example: What a pity that I am not living in luxury.
I wish I were living in luxury.
If only I were living in luxury.
I am sorry that you are teasing my daughter about her spots.
I wish you were not teasing my daughter about her spots.
If only you were not teasing my daughter about her spots.
1. It is a pity that I am not going to London with ray father.
I wish ________________________________________________________
2. What a pity that I am not dancing with that beautiful girl now.
If only ________________________________________________________
3. They are not doing the Polka now and 1 am sorry for that.
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I wish ________________________________________________________
4. I am sorry that you are not helping Helen with her homework.
If only ________________________________________________________
5. I cannot see the Queen because you are sitting in front of me.
I wish ________________________________________________________
6. I think you are lying to your father now.
If only ________________________________________________________
7. I am sorry that you are selling your car.
I wish ________________________________________________________
8. It is a pity that you are helping my enemies.
If only________________________________________________________
9. What a pity that Patricia is not expressing her opinions clearly.
I wish ________________________________________________________
10.What a pity that you are not taking your fathers advice all the time.
If only________________________________________________________
11. I am sorry that you are not speaking as clearly as possible.
I wish ________________________________________________________
12.It is a pity that the children are making a lot of noise now.
If only ________________________________________________________

EXERCISE 140 : WISHES IN ENGLISH


Make a comment for each of the following situations using the structure below to express
your wishes for the Present or Future.
SUBJECT + WISH + SUBJECT + WOULD/COULD + PLAIN
INFINITIVE
Example: I know that I cannot stop eating too much chocolate.
I wish I could stop eating so much chocolate.
It is a pity that my father smokes hubble-bubble.
I wish my father would stop smoking hubble-bubble.
1. I am sorry that I wont be able to play tennis as well as Mary does.
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I wish
2. What a pity that I won't be able to come to your party on Saturday.
I wish
3. It is a pity that your friend smokes too much.
I wish
4. According to the weather prediction, it is going to rain tomorrow.
I wish
5. My son is not coming to London for Christmas. All the rest of the family will be
here.
I wish
6. Aren't you tired of wearing that old sweater?
I wish
7. This clock doesn't function properly.
I wish
8. My wife says it is her holiday too, and won't help with the children.
I wish
9. My husband doesn't try to find a better job.
I wish
10.We won't be able to start the English courses in the near future.
We wish
11. They are not doing anything for the welfare of Turkey.
We wish
12.You are getting married to that girl, but I must warn you that she is bad-tempered.
I wish
13.I notice that you are not paying attention to the traffic rules.
I wish
14.Margaret is always having her meals at that restaurant.
I wish
EXERCISE 141 : WISHES IN ENGLISH
Make a comment for each of the following situations using the structure below to change
238
other people's irritating habits or behaviour for the Present or Future.
SUBJECT + WISH + SUBJECT + WOULD + PLAIN INFINITIVE
Example: The children are always asking me for money.
I wish the children wouldn't always ask me for money.
Your friend is constantly having rows with his wife.
I wish he wouldn't constantly have rows with his wife.
1.Our neighbours are always quarrelling. It is really irritating.
I wish our neighbours
2. The children upstairs are making a lot of noise at the moment
I wish the children upstairs
3. My sister is always cracking her knuckles in front of visitors.
I wish my sister
4. My husband doesn't take me out to dinner once a year.
I wish my
5. The woman doesn't dust the furniture when she comes here.
I wish the woman
6. My brother is perpetually cheating me at cards.
I wish my brother
7. My friends are always joking about my moustache.
I wish my friends
8. The students are constantly yawning in the class.
I wish the students
9. Your daughter is always asking me silly questions.
I wish your daughter
10. Miranda is always coming to me with some stupid requests.
I wish Miranda
11. My father is constantly leaving his socks on the carpet.
I wish my
12. You are continually finding fault with me.
I wish you
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13. My brother is always playing loud music, I am fed up with it.
I wish my brother
14. Monica is perpetually biting her nails.
I wish Monica
EXERCISE 142 : WISHES IN ENGLISH
Make a comment for each of the following situations using the structure below to express
your wishes for the Past.
SUBJECT + WISH + SUBJECT + THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
IF ONLY + SUBJECT + THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
Example: It is a pity that I spent all my money on clothes yesterday.
I wish I had not spent all my money on clothes yesterday.
I am sorry that I didn't tell him the truth last night.
If only I had told him the truth last night.
1. What a pity that I didn't work for that company until I got married.
I wish I
2. I didn't learn Spanish when I was in Madrid, and now I am sorry for that.
If only I
3. I left the house before my friend came and I am sorry for that.
I wish I
4. I am sorry that I didn't wear my new dress to Helen's party last night.
If only I
5. Lillian stole her friend's lighter last week, and now she feels very sorry for it.
Lillian wishes she
6. Tina has just painted the door red. Now she thinks that it doesnt look nice.
If only Tina
7. Gina mixed up all kinds of drinks last night, and now she has got a terrible
headache.
Gina wishes she
8. It is a pity that my father got wet, because he had not taken his umbrella yesterday
If only my father
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9. Lucy didn't look after her mother when she was sick, and now she is sorry for it.
Lucy wishes she
10.It is a pity that they couldn't take any pictures, because they had not brought their
camera.
If only they
11. I didn't get married to the girl I loved, and now I am very sorry for it.
I wish I
12.I was rude to my friend yesterday, and now I am very sorry.
If only I
13.What a pity that I couldn't buy the car I desired, because I didn't have enough
money.
I wish I

EXERCISE 143 : THE PASSIVE (ALL TENSES)


Put the correct "Passive Forms of the Verbs" in brackets in the following sentences.
THE PRESENT SIMPLE
Example: Atatrk ......... .... .. ... .... ..... by everybody all over the world, (love)
Atatrk is loved by everybody all over the world.
1. I.............................. .... ... . a piece of advice by my teacher every day. (give)
2. English... ... .... ............................ all over the world, (speak)
3. You ..................................... .... by your father every day. (punish)
4. Our children ..... .. ... ... ..................... by die doctor every month, (examine)
5. Thousands of rare birds ....................... .... ... .... by hunters every year, (kill)
6. You . ......................................... ...... to go there if you are not a Christian, (not,
allow)
7. The Olympic Games ... .... ......... ..... ..... .... every four years, (play)
8. The President of Turkey .. .. .......... ......................... by Turkish people, (not,
elect)
9. My shirts ....................................................... by my mother, (always, iron)
10.This medicine ................. .... ... ..... ... every four hours, (take)
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THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Example: My daughter.. ......... .... .... ... ..... ... an interview by the manager now.
(give)
My daughter is being given an interview by the manager now.
1. The flowers ............................... ... .. ... by the gardener at the moment, (water)
2. The criminals ...... .... .... .. .. ... ... by the detectives now. (question)
3. This case .... .................................... by Scotland Yard now. (investigate)
4. An inquiry ................ ....... ... .... into the cause of the lire, (make)
5. Research ... ... .... ...... .. ... .. .. to find a cure for cancer every day. (do)
6. My friend .. ... ..... .... .... .. ... ... by that famous surgeon next week, (operate
on)
7. The big lorry ... ... ... ........................... by the customs officer at the moment,
(check)
8. The exam papers ..................................... ..... by the teacher at the moment,
(mark)
9. Animals ....................... ... .. .... ... for experimentation, (always, use)
10.The thieves . .. .. ... ..................... by the police car now. (follow)

THE PAST SIMPLE


Example : I think the Eiffel Tower.. ............................................ in 1889. (construct)
I think the Eiffel Tower was constructed in 1889.
1. The king of Nepal . ....... ... .. ..... ..... ..... by his own son, Dipendra. (murder)
2. He.... .... .... ..... ... . ...... to prison for embezzling his client's money, (send)
242
3. America ............................................................ by Christopher Columbus in 1492.
(discover)
4. The fire ....................................... by an electrical fault in the television yesterday,
(cause)
5. The Statue of Liberty ............................ to the United States by the French
government, (give)
6. The conference ............................ under the auspices of the United Nations, (hold)
7. The house ............................................. by an earthquake last night, (damage)
8. The airplane ........................................................... by the Wright Brothers, (invent)
9. The accused.. ................... to five year imprisonment by the jury, (sentence)
10.The Prime Minister..................................... by the performance of Haris Alexiou.
(impress)

THE PAST CONTINUOUS


Example: The men ... ... ....... ..... .... .... very closely by the police, (watch)
The men were being watched very closely by the police.
1. The injured man died while he ..................................................... to (the) hospital,
(take)
2. I saw that two hooligans ......................................................... by the police, (beat)
3. My shirts .......................................................... by my sister when I entered the
room, (iron)
4. The lost sheep .............................................. by the shepherd, (look for)
5. The corpse .................. ...... by a pathologist to determine the cause of death,
(examine)
6. Did you notice that old houses ...................................................... yesterday? (pull
down)
7. We .......................................................... by a private detective, (follow)
8. The letters..... ..... ............... ..... ......... by the secretary when Eliza came, (write)
9. The wheels of the car ............................................... by the mechanic this morning,
(change)
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10.Loras car ... ........... ................................... to a garage this morning, ( hack)

THE FUTURE SIMPLE


Example: The match .............................................. if it doesn't rain, (play)
The match will be played if it doesn't rain.
1. I am sure the escaped prisoners ......................................................... within ten
days, (catch)
2. All the prisoners in Turkey .......................................................... next year,
(release)
3. A peace treaty........... ....... ....... between the European countries in the future,
(sign)
4. 4. The results of the examination ...... ... ...... .... .......... by the time we arrive,
(announce)
5. The new hospital ................................................... before the end of the year,
(complete)
6. I hope that one day a cure for Aids ......................................................... (find)
7. We .... ... ..... .... ..... .... .... a new song by the teacher on Friday, (teach)
8. The old radio .................................................. by the man we saw at the meeting,
(repair)
9. Our troops ....................................................... by the general tomorrow, (inspect)
10.The football game ......................................... by millions of people tonight,
(watch)
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BE GOING TO (FUTURE FORM)
b. Example: The letter .......................................... by the secretary tomorrow,
(fax)
The letter is going to be faxed by the secretary tomorrow.
1. A comedy by Shakespeare ..................................................... by the teachers of the
school, (put on)
2. The car ........................... .... .............. by the mechanic in the afternoon, (repair)
3. This orchestra ........................................................... by a girl of sixteen, (conduct)
4. I ......... ...................................... to London by the Turkish Navy, (send)
5. This play ... ......... ... ............... .. by the students next month, (perform)
6. The students . .... ........ .. .. .... ...... to the circus by the teacher tomorrow,
(lake)
7. The furniture we ordered . .... ... .... ..... .... .... .. to your home next month,
(deliver)
8. You .......... ..... ...... .................. very closely by the police, I think, (watch)
9. The board ......... ... ..... .. ........ .... by the student before the teacher comes,
(clean)
10.The flowers ................................................. . by my father in the morning, (water)

THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


Example: The student............................................... to Paris for a year, (send)
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The students have been sent to Paris for a year.
1. The costumes have been made but they.................... ... .. .... yet. (not, iron)
2. The escaped prisoner .......... .... ... .... .... ....by the police, (just, catch)
3. I ........................................ by the doctor since last month, (not, examine)
4. The living room .................................................... .. since we moved, (not, paint)
5. In most countries, capital punishment..... .... .... ... ... ....... (abolish)
6. A large area in Turkey ... ... ....... ............................... by a major earthquake,
(shake)
7. A lot of new laws ............... .... .... ..... ..... by the new government this year,
(make)
8. A new air conditioner.......................................................... in our office today,
(install)
9. I think you ........................ .......... ... the wrong address, (give)
10.We ......... ................................................ that Oksana is going to get married soon,
(tell)
THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE:
Example : Mandy asked me if I .... ... .... .. ................... to the wedding party,
(invite)
Mandy asked me if I had been invited to the wedding party
1. I noticed that the wrecked car ................................................... yet. (not,
take away)
2. Kate was annoyed after she ..... ..... .... .... ....... ... . by the man. (cheat)
3. Angela ....................................................... by her boss some months before
we met her. (dismiss)
4. Julia said that the new hotel........................................................ by the
Prime Minister, (just, open)
5. The jet... ....... ... ..... ... ..... ..... by the mechanic when we got to the hangar,
(not, check)
6. Most of the questions ............................................... correctly by the
candidates, (answer)
246
7. The man who .......................................................... by a snake was given a
serum, (bite)
8. He wondered if the murderer ... ... ... ..... .... ..... ..... by the police, (catch)
9. All the questions ... ... ..................................before the exam began,
(prepare)
10. The letter ................................................. .by my father before you came
here, (write)

THE FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE:


Example: By the time you arrive, your car ... ... .. .... ... , I think, (repair)
By the time you arrive, your car will have been repaired, I think.
1. All nuclear weapons . .. .. .... ...... ... .... ... within ten years, I think, (destroy)
2. We ............................................................ to the island by the end of this month,
(send)
3. The answer to this question ........................................................... before they
come here, (find)
4. The city .......... ... ..............................by the enemy before our soldiers arrive there,
(capture)
5. Three hundred new houses ........... .................... ... by the end of next year, (build)
6. The injured man .......................................................... to hospital within half an
hour, (take)
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7. You .... ..... ....... ....... .... by the doctor before ten oclock, (examine)
8. All the chocolates ........................................................ by the children before we
get there, (eat)
9. Your bicycle ........................................................... by the time we finish our
homework, (repair)
10. All the questions ........................................................ before the teacher comes
here, (prepare)

248
EXERCISE 144 : THE PASSIVE (ALL TENSES)
Put the following sentences into the "Passive Voice".
THE PRESENT SIMPLE:
i. Active : a. the mechanic checks the brakes every month.
ii. Passive: b. the brakes are checked by the mechanic ever month.
1. a. The police protect the city day and night.
b________________________________________________________
2. a. My sister irons my shirts and trousers every week.
b________________________________________________________
3. a. The Prime Minister visits this hospital every year.
b________________________________________________________
4. a. Turkish people elect the Members of Parliament every five years.
b________________________________________________________
5. a. My mother usually picks up mushrooms in the early morning.
b________________________________________________________
6. a. Bank robbers generally wear slocking masks.
b________________________________________________________
7. a. The Prime Minister sets up the government in Turkey according to the present laws.
b________________________________________________________
8. a. My company sends me to London every month.
b________________________________________________________
9. a. The doctor examines the patients early in the morning.
b________________________________________________________
10. a. They obtain different products from crude oil.
b________________________________________________________

249
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Active : a. the police car is following the criminals.
Passive: b. the criminals are being followed by the police car.
1.a. The British Council is considering Helena for the job.
b________________________________________________________
2.a. The police are watching the terrorists very closely.
b________________________________________________________
3. a. The police are holding the thief for further questioning.
b________________________________________________________
4. a. The doctor is examining her in front of the other students.
b________________________________________________________
5. a. The students are singing our national anthem at the moment.
b________________________________________________________
6. a. The lawyers are discussing this case for the first time.
b________________________________________________________
7. a. The director is interviewing all the applicants for the post.
b________________________________________________________
8. a. The man is driving the car very carelessly
b________________________________________________________
9. a. They are installing a new air conditioner in our office today.
b________________________________________________________
10. a. The manager is always criticizing my friends.
b________________________________________________________
THE PAST SIMPLE:
Active : a. the teacher explained the subject very well yesterday.
Passive: b. the subject was explained very well by the teacher yesterday.
1. a. The traffic police fined my father for driving dangerously the other day
b________________________________________________________
2. a. The force of the explosion shattered all the windows last night.
b________________________________________________________
3. a. The doctor gave the wrong prescription the other day.
b________________________________________________________

250
4. a. The nurse sterilized the instruments before the operation.
b________________________________________________________
5. a. They confiscated Peter's passport a couple of weeks ago.
b________________________________________________________
6. a. Mustafa Kemal Atatrk founded the Turkish Republic on 23rd, April, 1923.
b________________________________________________________
7. a. The man reported the theft to the police immediately.
b. ________________________________________________________
8. a. The Russian spies stole the plans of the atomic bomb.
b. ________________________________________________________
9. a. The students answered all the questions in the exam.
b. ________________________________________________________
10. a. The lawyer defended the accused very well.
b. ________________________________________________________

THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE


Active : a. the police were looking for the murderer.
Passive : b. the murderer was being looked for by the police.
1.a. The students were singing our national anthem when it began to rain.
b________________________________________________________
2. a. My mother was watering the flowers while we were having a rest.
b. ________________________________________________________
3. a. The economists were discussing a tax problem when the lights went out.
b. ________________________________________________________
4. a. We moved aside while the students were carrying the chairs into the room.
b. ________________________________________________________
5. a. My father was repairing the car when the earthquake took place.
b. ________________________________________________________
6. a. The firemen were putting the fire out when the police arrived.
b. ________________________________________________________
7. a. The old woman was doing the dishes at the time of the accident.
b. ________________________________________________________
8. a. My father was punishing the naughty child for bad conduct.
b. ________________________________________________________
9. a. The teacher was taking the children to the circus when we arrived there.
b. ________________________________________________________
10. a. They were building a nuclear power plant next to the military zone.
b. ________________________________________________________

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THE FUTURE SIMPLE
Active : a. The Prime Minister will sign the peace treaty next week.
Passive: b. the peace treaty will be signed by the Prime Minister next
week.

1.a. The committee will announce the names of the Nobel Prize winners.
b________________________________________________________
2. a. They will complete the new bridge before the end of this year.
b. ________________________________________________________
3. a. We will never forget the Beatles.
b. ________________________________________________________
4. a. The boy will throw the stone at the poor dog.
b. ________________________________________________________
5. a. The principal will send the parcel to my father tomorrow.
b. ________________________________________________________
6. a. A famous surgeon will perform the operation tomorrow morning.
b. ________________________________________________________
7. a. The President of Turkey will make an important speech about the impostors tonight.
b. ________________________________________________________
8. a. The soldiers will defend the castle bravely
b. ________________________________________________________
9. a. The people who are the ardent supporters of Fenerbahce will celebrate the victory.
b. ________________________________________________________
10. a. The military doctor will examine all the wounded soldiers in the afternoon.
b. ________________________________________________________

BE GOING TO
Active : a. the enemy submarine is going to sink the German destroyer.
Passive : b. The German destroyer is going to be sunk by the enemy
submarine.
1.a. They are going to take me to hospital if I don't get over my shock.
b________________________________________________________
2. a. The woman is going to clean all the carpets in the house.
b. ________________________________________________________
3. a. The teacher is going to send her into the garden.
b. ________________________________________________________
4- a. The students are going to perform the play in June.
b. ________________________________________________________
5. a. My father is going to sell our old car next month.

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b. ________________________________________________________
6. a. People are going to use a lot of solar energy in the near future.
b. ________________________________________________________
7. a. My daughter is going to memorize a lot of dialogues,
b. ________________________________________________________
8. a. The teacher is going to correct all the mistakes in my composition.
b. ________________________________________________________
9. a. My mother is going to keep this medicine out of the reach of children.
b. ________________________________________________________
10. a. The candidates are going to answer all the questions in two hours.
b. ________________________________________________________

THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


Active : a. the children have taken the injured woman to hospital.
Passive : b. the injured woman has been taken to hospital by the children.
1.a. The tourists have made a lot of complaints about the soaring prices.
b________________________________________________________
2. a. The captain of the ship has changed the course of the ship.
b. ________________________________________________________
3. a. Scientists have made great progress in the conquest of space.
b. ________________________________________________________
4. a. The students have put forward many ideas to solve the problem.
b. ________________________________________________________
5. a. The police have arrested the man who robbed the bank last week.
b. ________________________________________________________
6. a. The soldiers have just shot down the United States war-plane.
b. ________________________________________________________
7. a. They have found the missing child's bicycle in the river.
b. ________________________________________________________
8. a. The boss has not interviewed the applicants yet.
b. ________________________________________________________
9. a. George has already painted the wall.
b. ________________________________________________________
10. a. The children have already seen the film.
b. ________________________________________________________

THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE


Active : a. my father had written the letters before we had dinner.
Passive: b. the letters had been written by my father before we had dinner.

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1.a. My mother had brought up Diana after the death of her mother.
b________________________________________________________
2. a. People had parked their cars before the police came.
b ________________________________________________________
3. a. The police had issued a description of the wanted man before the arrest.
b. ________________________________________________________
4. a. The earthquake had shaken the hotel violently when we heard the news.
b. ________________________________________________________
5. a. The students had broken the window of the room before the exam started.
b. ________________________________________________________
6. a. Doctors had reported a case of small pox when the Premier made a speech.
b. ________________________________________________________
7. a. The robbers had already robbed the bank when dawn broke.
b. ________________________________________________________
8. a. The blackmailer had threatened the woman before she informed the police
b. ________________________________________________________
9. a. They had vaccinated us before we left Paris for London.
b. ________________________________________________________
10. a. They had used the room for the clandestine meetings.
b. ________________________________________________________

THE FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE


Active : a. they will have sold the old car within two weeks.
Passive: b. the old car will have been sold within two weeks.
1. a. The student will have written the letter by the time we come back.
b________________________________________________________
2. a. They will have decorated the Christmas tree before midnight.
b. ________________________________________________________
3. a. We will have paid the electric bill by the end of this month.
b. ________________________________________________________
4. a. You will have forgotten all your troubles by next week.
b. ________________________________________________________
5. a. They will have found a remedy for cancer within three years.
b. ________________________________________________________
6. a. They will have released all the prisoners by the time a new election is held.
b. ________________________________________________________
7. a. The teacher will have explained the lesson by noon.
b. ________________________________________________________
8. a. We will have visited all the museums before we leave Istanbul for Paris.
b. ________________________________________________________
9. a. They will have painted our house by the time we come back.
b. ________________________________________________________

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10. a. The mechanic will have repaired your car by the time we have dinner.
b. ________________________________________________________

EXERCISE 145 THE PASSIVE (ALL TENSES)


Put the sentences into the other tenses as in the example below.
Example: The car is repaired by the mechanic.
The Present Simple mechanic.
The Present Continuous The car was repaired by the mechanic.
The Past Simple The car was being repaired by the mechanic.
The Past Continuous The car will be repaired by the mechanic.
The Future Simple The car is going to be repaired by the
Be Going to mechanic.
The Future Continuous The car will be being repaired by the
The Present Perfect Simple mechanic.
The Past Perfect Simple The car has been repaired by the mechanic.
The Future Perfect Simple The car had been repaired by the mechanic.
The Present Conditional The car will have been repaired by the
The Perfect Conditional mechanic.
The car would be repaired by the mechanic.
The car is repaired by the mechanic. The car would have been repaired by the
The car is being repaired by the mechanic.
I am examined by the doctor.
I am examined by the doctor.
The Prime Minister is criticized by his opponents.
The criminal are questioned by the detectives.
The naughty boy is punished by his father.
The mistakes are corrected by the teacher.
Slocking masks are worn by bank robbers.
You are watched very closely by the police.

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The peace treaty is signed by the Prime Minister.
I am tortured by your difficult questions.
My mother is taken to the cinema by my brother.

EXERCISE 146 : THE PASSIVE


Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example: Are you loved by your parents?
Yes, I am loved my parents.
No, I am not loved by my parents,
1. Were you examined by the doctor yesterday?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
2. Will your car be repaired tomorrow?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
3. Were you brought up by your grandfather?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
4. Have you ever been invited to dinner by a stranger?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
5. Is your father's car being repaired by the mechanic now?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
6. Has a new museum been opened in the city centre?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
7. Is your father paid at the end of the month?
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Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
8. Do you want to be sent to the moon?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
9. Do you hate being treated like a child?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
10.Is football liked by everybody in Turkey?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....
11. Have all the mistakes been corrected by the teacher so far?
Yes,...................................................................................................
No,............................................................................................... .....

EXERCISE 147 : THE PASSIVE


Answer the following questions using the words in bracket. Give the answers in the
"Passive Voice".
Example: A: Who wrote Hamlet? (William Shakespeare)
B: Hamlet was written by William Shakespeare.
A: Who composed the Magic Flute? (W.A. Mozart)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who played James Bond in 'Gold Finger'? (Sean Connery)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who wrote ' War and Peace'? (Leo Tolstoy)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who invented the character of Sherlock Holmes? (Canon Doyle)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who invented the radio? (Marconi)

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B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who sang 'Heartbreak Hotel'? (Elvis Presley)
B:________________________________________________________
A: Who discovered America? (Christopher Columbus)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who painted the Mona Lisa? (Leonardo Da Vinci)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who built the Selimiye Mosque? (Mimar Sinan)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who invented the telephone? (Alexander Bell)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who discovered Penicillin? (Dr. Alexander Fleming)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: What overturned the little boat? (A huge wave)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who showed the new An. Gallery to the tourists? (Our Tourist Guide)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who sent the first man into space? (The Russians)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who cleaned the board in your classroom? (The English teacher)
B: ________________________________________________________
A: Who makes the best tea in the world? (The English)
B: ________________________________________________________

EXERCISE 148 THE PASSIVE (ASKING FOR INFORMATION)


Write questions for the bold typed words in the following sentences.
Example: A: Who was taken to (the) hospital last night?
B: My grandfather was taken to (the) hospital last night.
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A: _________________________________________
B: The match will be cancelled by the referee.
A: _________________________________________
B: Two children were killed by the mob the other day.
A: _________________________________________
B: The mechanic was repairing my uncle's car at the service station.
A: _________________________________________
B: The air conditioner must be repaired by the mechanic.
A: _________________________________________
B: A shower must be taken before entering the pool.
A: _________________________________________
B: John has been called a liar by the mayor.
A: _________________________________________
B: Smith has been arrested three times before.
A: _________________________________________
B: The students were sent to London on Monday.
A: _________________________________________
B: The car was damaged by the explosion yesterday.
A: _________________________________________
B: The tourists were being questioned by the police at the police station.
A: _________________________________________
B: A young man has been put in prison because he has committed a crime.
A: _________________________________________
B: The hell has been rung three times.
A: _________________________________________
B: Smokers are often treated unfairly.
A: _________________________________________
B: Works of art are kept in the museums.
A: _________________________________________
B: Babies are named after they are born.
A: _________________________________________
B: The house was destroyed by fire. 17.
A: _________________________________________
B: Coca-cola is liked all over the world.

259
EXERCISE 149 THE PASSIVE (UNIMPORTANT SUBJECT)
Put the following sentences into the "Passive Voice" without using the "Agent".
Example: Active : Someone has left this book on the floor.
Passive : This book has been left on the floor.
1. People play football in most countries of the world.

2. Someone has stolen my car.

3. Somebody pushed me into the river yesterday.

4. People speak Arabic in some countries.

5. They were pulling down all the houses in the district.

6. We insist on punctuality in this office.

7. We have settled this matter by peaceful means.

8. Somebody has written the main points on the board.

9. Nobody has looked at that book for years.

10.People are using computers in all kinds of work.

11. You cannot do anything about these people.

12.They obtain protein from a variety of foods.

13.They do not allow you more than three books.

14.Nobody has heard of Mary since she went to live in Madrid.

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15.They have put off their wedding for six months.

16.Nobody has invited the doctor to the garden party.

17.Someone is taking care of this mailer now.

EXERCISE 150 THE PASSIVE (VERBS TAKING TWO OBJECTS)


Put the following sentences into the "Passive Voice".
Example: Active : The doctor sent Matilda a lovely present.
Passive: Matilda was sent a lovely present by the doctor.
A lovely present was sent (to) Matilda by the doctor.
1.The teacher asked Rose a difficult question.
Rose... .. ... ............................................. . ... ..................................
A difficult question...........................................................................
2. Carmen taught Tom the meaning of love.
To..................................................................................................
The meaning of love........ .... ... ... ............................ .. .... ... ..............
3. Seluk bought Olga a white horse.
Olga................................................................................................
A while horse... ..................................... ............................... .. .. .....
4. Susan will write George a love letter.
George. .................................. ... ............................... ... ..................
A love teller ........................................... ............................... .. .........
5. The new teacher has given us our exam papers.
We.. .... . ... ........................... ... .. ........................ .........................
Our exam papers..... ..................................... .. .............................
6. The rich man left Belinda a large fortune.
Belinda....... . ..................................... .. .................................
A large fortune.......................... .. .. ............................. .. . ....
7. The professor was explaining the students the origin of the universe.
The students... .................................... ................................
The origin of the universe ................... .. ......................................
8. Linda is showing the man the picture of the blue whale.
The man....................... .. ... .. ... ... ........................... ... .... ...........

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The picture of the blue whale...........................................................
9. Carol tells the students the answer to the question.
The students.....................................................................................
The answer to the question..................................................................
10. The farmer had offered Julia a glass of milk.
Julia................................................................................................
A glass of milk ..............................................................................
11. My father read the girls the life of Atatrk.
The girls... ..... ................................ ... ....................................... ....
The life of Atatrk.............................................................................

EXERCISE 151 THE PASSIVE (VERBS TAKING TWO OBJECTS)


Put the following sentences into the "Passive Voice".
Example: Active : The man gave the book to the teacher.
Passive: : The teacher was given the book by the man.
The hook was given (to) the teacher by the man.
1.The judges have given the first prize to the gardener.
a. The gardener. ..................................... .. .......... . .................. ..... ...... .. ...
b. The first prize.. ... ... .. .. ...... ............... .. .. ..... ... .. .. .. .................. ..
.. ..
2.Susan wrote a letter of complaints to the Prime Minister last week.
a. The Prime Minister.. ... ... .... ... ... ... ....... .. .... . ........ ................................
b. A letter of
complaints.. ... ... . .... ... ... .. ... ... . .. .... .... .... .. ... .... ... ....
3.The man brought a lot of flowers for all the ladies.
a. All the ladies ........................................................................... ..... ....... ..... ..............
b. A lot of flowers .. ... ... .. ... .. .. .. .. .... .... .. .... ... .. .. ... .... ... .. ... ..
....
4.Tom is choosing a present for the beautiful girl in the corner.
a. The beautiful girl in the corner ................... .................. ..... .......... . ..
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b. A present .........................................................................................................
5.The artist is sending the picture to a rich American film star.
a. A rich American film star............ .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... ... ... ......... ..... ..
b. The
picture............................................................................................... ............ ...................
6.The dog brought the ball to the lady standing over there.
a. The lady standing over there ... ... .. ... ... ..... .... .. .. .. ... .... .... ... .. ..
.....
b. The ball........ ...................................................... ....................... ................ ..... .....
.
7.My mother has saved some sweets for the other children.
a. The other children................. ................. .... .. .. ...... .. .. ... .. .. . .. ..
b. Some sweets... . ..... .... ... ............................................. ..................... ......
8.Mrs. Brown is making a dress for the woman living on the top floor.
a. The woman living on the top floor. ... ... ... ... .... ... . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
b. A
dress ... .. .... ......... .... ... .. ... ... ... ... ......... . . .......... .. ........... ... . ................
9.The president promised a prize to anyone who could answer all the questions,
a. Anyone who could answer all the questions. .. ... ...... .... ..... .... ... .. .. ... ...
b. A
prize............................................................................................................................ ...........
...
10.The boss offered the job to a young girl of seventeen.
a. A young girl of
seventeen ... .. .. ... ..... .... .... .. .... ... ... .. ... .. ... .. .... ....
b. The job.. .... ... ... .... ... ... .. .. .... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ..... .... ...... ......
11.Angela showed the new born baby to the visitors.
a. The
visitors .... ........... ... .... .. .. .... .... ... ..... ... ... .... .... ..... ... .. ... ..... ... ..
b. The new born baby.............. .... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... . ... ............. ........

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EXERCISE 152 THE PASSIVE (MIXED TENSES)
Complete the sentences with the correct Passive forms of the "verbs" in brackets.
Example: Slavery ...................... in England in the 19th century, (abolish)
Slavery was abolished in England in the 19th century.
1. My father .................................... .... ........ a gold watch when he retired, (give)
2. A fire broke out in the building; luckily everybody. .............................. .. ... .
(evacuate)
3. You ........................... .... ... ........... out by the teacher if you go on talking like
that, (send)
4. The house ................................................... by Rose by the time we got there,
(already, clean)
5. The woman who lived next door.................... .................................. last week,
(arrest)
6. The villa ........................................................ by public auction in two weeks' time,
(sell)
7. My car ....... .. .................................. by the mechanic at the moment, (repair)
8. I wish I......................................................... how to use a computer when I was at
school, (teach)
9. The building .......................................... ten minutes before the explosion took
place, (evacuate)
10.As they........................................ by the tragedy, they didn't know what to say.
(shock)
11. The singer ..................................... ............ some flowers after the concert the other
day. (send)
12.His house burned down and according to the inspector the fire ......................by
lightning, (cause)
13.Last week I.. .... .. ................................ a job at a local bank but I didn't accept it.
(offer)
14.In my country, prices ... ....................................... by the government, (control)
15.When you arrive at the airport, you ............................... ................... by a friend of
264
mine, (meet)
16.Sun tan cream can prevent your skin from.......by the harmful effects of the sun's
rays.(damage)
17.I don't mind............................. but I do when such dreadful insults are used,
(insult)
18.When Mount Vesuvius in Italy blew up, the people and animals in the town of
Pompeii.. under a thick layer of ash. (bury)
19.I am not sure if Smith .. ............................ to be a trusty witness by the court
tomorrow, (consider)
20.John ........... ... ................................ to Buddhism by a Chinese priest last week,
(convert)
21.I put all my money in a bank because I was afraid of .....................................,... ...
(burgle)
22.The old man was not satisfied with what the
students .............................. .... ........... (teach)
23.The first conference on waste disposal.......... .. .............................. in Istanbul
today, (hold)
24.He was very happy because he .................................. .................. a better job in
London, (offer)
25.Champagne............................. first.............................. in the seventeenth century.
(make)
26.The search was abandoned when night came even though the child of the
woman ...............(not, find)
27.She was the first woman who ......................... ...... .................. to Parliament,
(elect)
28.By the time Einstein was thirty years old, his most important
theories.................................... (publish)
29.His trousers were too long and had to ................................ ............... (shorten)
30.Honest politicians cannot ...... ... ..................................... easily nowadays, (find)
31.I want this door ..... . .... .. ........... at night. (lock)
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32.It cannot..... .. ........ ... . ...... that smoking is dangerous to health, (deny)
33.We strongly believe that our rights ..... ...... .......... .. by law. (protect)
34.Look at those dirty walls! They must ......... ... ........... .. ... as soon as possible,
(paint)
35.The government .... ..... . ... .. .......... .... by a vote of no confidence yesterday,
(bring down)
36.The President wants this law ................. ... ......... by the Parliament,
(reconsider)
37.He hired a car while his own car .. ......... ..... . ..........by the mechanic,
(repair)
38.I want to watch her while she ..... ........ ... ....... .... .. . by the surgeon, (operate
on)
39.Before the sun rose, breakfast... ... ......... .... .... ..... by my mother, (prepare)
40.His car got lost last week, and it..... ... ................... .. ......yet. (not, find)
41.If I ......... ............. .. ........... I will go to the wedding party (invite)
42.The garden ... ........ .. ....... .. .. three times this week, (water)
43.A lot of wells ................. ... ............... by the time we come back to Turkey,
(open)
44.When I arrived at the scene of the accident, the road ...... ... .. ............. .. for
traffic, (already, open)
45.There is no room in the garden for a swimming pool. . ............... ................
(build)
46.I was there while his injury ...... ..... ......... ..... .........by a nurse, (bandage)
47.If you obeyed the traffic rules, you .. ............ ... ........... ..... . (not, fine)
48.I wish my car .......... ............. .. ............ last year, (not, sell)
49.The wounded man said that he didn't see by whom he . ................... .. ........ . .
(shoot)
50.We all stood up while our national anthem ....... .... ............ .... ........ (sing)
51.The Japanese discovered that many of their warships ................... by the United
States submarines, (sink)
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52.The man has died today because he ...... .... ........... ... ........... by a snake
yesterday, (bite)
53.The door .......... .... ............... .. ..... blue now. (paint)
54.Everything must... .. .................... ............... according to the present laws, (do)
55.Insane people ............ ... ................... . in special hospitals, (treat)
56.Radiation ....... .... ............... .............. to treat cancer nowadays, (widely, use)
57.Jim went home as soon as the work ..... ............ .... ........ .... by the workers,
(finish)
58.The damage to the eyes had been recorded by the specialist technicians by the
time the test ............................ (complete)
59.An important speech ............... .... .......,. .. by The Premier tomorrow,
(deliver)
60.Life ................... ............... ... to have begun first in the seas, (say)
61.The bad news .................................... throughout the building by loudspeaker
when we got there, (relay)
62.The lady ............................. ......... her handbag while she was walking in the
street, (rob of)
63.It ............... ................................. that Rome is a marvellous city, (say)
64.That old school building ... ................ .... .............. by the end of this month,
(demolish)
65.All the escaped prisoners ............ ... ............ .... .. . by the police before it gets
dark, (catch)

EXERCISE 153 : ACTIVE - PASSIVE


Complete the following sentences with the correct "Active" or "Passive Forms of the
"verbs" in brackets.
Example: The search............................. when it........ ... ... .. dark, (abandon / get)
The search was abandoned when it got dark,
1. Caesar ........................................................... to death by his best friend, Brutus, in
Rome, (stab)
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2. While I....................................................... at the window, I saw the accident, (sit)
3. The film which ... .. ..... ... .......... ............ on TV at the moment is very boring,
(show)
4. The thief who ... .... ...................................... the woman last week has not been
caught yet. (kill)
5. What is the name of the boy whose bicycle ........ ....................................... last
night? (steal)
6. Many lives would have been lost if penicillin ........................................ ... .....
(not, discover)
7. While the thief........................................................... by the police, he jumped over
the fence, (chase)
8. The curtains haven't been washed since they ................................................ last
year, (put up)
9. They ............................................. the winner with a silver cup yesterday,
(present)
10.They always make a noise whenever I ........................................... ... to do my
homework, (try)
11. I by my father if I don't do my
homework, (always, beat)
12.She .......:................................................ a terrible headache last night, (have)
13.These houses ............... ............................. between 1980 and 1990. (build)
14.I am not accustomed to ................................. ..... ...... . in that way. (treat)
15.The Berlin wall................................ .... ........ in 1990-(knock down)
16.The train ........................................... .... .. for two hours last night because of the
snow, (hold up)
17.While he ......................... .................... in France, he was killed by a Russian spy.
(fight)
18.The frog turned into a prince when it.............................................. ..... (kiss)
19.We ......................... .................... a rest while the car is being repaired by the
mechanic, (have)
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20.After he ...................... .... .. .... .......... from the company, he opened up a
supermarket, (sack)
21.This method ........................................................ to cure the patients who are
mentally ill. (use)
22.The situation is getting worse, something.......................................................... at
once, (must, do)
23.The rules of the game ........................................ when I entered the playground,
(already, explain)
24.Helen ............................................................ the flowers to the teacher yesterday,
(send)
25.Rose and Tom .............................. ... .... ... by the captain of the ship the other
day. (marry)
26.David ...................................... .... ........ in hospital ever since the accident
happened, (be)
27.The man who was bitten by a snake ........................................ .... ..... to hospital
tomorrow, (take)
28.After the letter ........................................ ..... ..... , he went for a walk an hour ago.
(write)
29.Football .... .... ..... .... .... .... .......... in many countries, (play)
30.The bank ..... ............................................... many times since this economic crisis
began, (rob)
31.The Tower of London .......................................................... as a prison many years
ago. (use)
32.My brother ............................................................ French since he came to
Istanbul, (study)
33.You are not allowed to smoke until the plane .............................................. (land)
34.Since I phoned you this morning, I. ..... .... ..... ... my clothes yet. (not,
change)
35.The car looked as if it ... .. . .. ... .. .. for months, (not, clean)
36.We could call him if we ... .. .. ... .... .. ... his telephone number, (know)
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37.In many parts of the world trees and lakes ... .. .. ... ..... . by acid rain,
(destroy)
38.We didn't know the reason why he ... ... .... ... .... .. .. us. (leave)
39.If students don't pay attention, nothing .. .. .... ... ... ... by them, (can,
learn)
40.While the tank .. ... .. .. . .. .. .., I was having a chat with Helen, (fill)
41.People ... .. .. .. .. ... ... French in many parts of Europe. (speak)
42.After their mother died, the two daughters . ... ... .... .. .. by their aunt,
(bring up)
43.The chair had to be thrown away because Us springs .. ............................... ..........
(break down)
44.You ... .... .. ..... .. ..... .. ...by the police until you tell the truth, (question)
45.More than one language ......................................... m Switzerland, (speak)
46.The atomic bomb ... .. ... .. ... .. .. in the Atlantic Ocean at the moment,
(test)
47.The author doesn't mind . .. ... ... ..... .... .. by his friends, (criticize)
48.When I was offered this job, I ........ .............. ........... it immediately, (accept)
49.In the end, it .. ... .. ... .. .. .. .. that Joe was the thief, (discover)
50.The weather .. .. ... .. .. .. .. ... terrible yesterday, so all the flights were
cancelled, (be)
51.Up to now, nothing ................. .... ..... .. .... from the lost pilots, (hear)
52.The last ticket had been, sold just before we ....... .. .. .. .... ..... the box
office, (get to)
53.This cat ... ..... ... .... ... ... .... .. food twice a day. (must, give)
54.The prize money ...... .. ... .. .... ... equally between the two winners
yesterday, (share)
55.The judge was taken it just after trial ... ........... ..................... . (begin)
56.Trams .. ...... .... ... ... .. .. in several European countries, (still, use)
57.I am sure you .................................................... .. very well in the exam last week,
(do)
270
58.This house ... .. ... .. .. ........ .. for ten years, (not, paint)
59.My cousin was evicted from his flat because he . .. . ............... .. the rent,
(not, pay)
60.The sheep ...... . ..... ....... ...... .. to the market by the shepherd tomorrow, (take)
61.The doctor ... ............................ ......... the patient the wrong prescription yesterday
(give)
62.While our house ... .. ... ... ... .... ... , we stayed in a tent, (repair)
63.When he was threatened by the blackmailer, he .. ... .... .... .... ... the police,
(inform)
64.My sister wants her son .. . .............................. to the United States, (send)
65.We ...... ... ... ... .... .. .... that the fire had been started by a cigarette, (think)
66.They said that the riot. .... ..... ... .... ... ... ... by the anarchists, (start)
67.If you .... ... .. .. .. .. .. . drugs, you are put in jail, (smuggle)
68.We ......................... .... ... .... to discuss political matters at school, (forbid)
EXERCISE 154 : THE PASSIVE (CONDITIONAL SENTENCES)
Change the following sentences into the "Second" and "Third" conditionals.
Example: a. If I am found guilty, I will be sent to prison.
b. If I were found guilty, I would be sent to prison.
c. If I had been found guilty, I would have been sent to prison.

1.a. If the painting is bought, it will be hung in the gallery.


B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
2. a.He will be tried in court if he is arrested.
B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

271
3. a. If the German team is beaten, the Turkish footballers will be rewarded.
B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
4. a. Where will you work if you are appointed manager?
B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
5. a. If you do not study hard, you will be punished by your teacher.
B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
6. a. If it does not rain, a lot of crops will be lost.
B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
7. a. I will be frightened by the horror film if you do not stay at home.
B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
8. a. If the soldiers are examined by the doctor, they will be sent to the front.
B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
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9. a. If the children are taken to the zoo, they will enjoy themselves.
B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
10. a. If you do not lock the car, it will be stolen by the car thieves.
B----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

EXERCISE 155 : THE PASSIVE (THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS)


Put the following sentences into the "Passive Voice".
Example: Active : The doctor must examine the child before it is too
late.
Passive : The child must be examined by the doctor
before it is too late.
1. The students have to answer all the questions properly

2. We had better summon a doctor right away.

3. The Turkish workers ought to construct the suspension bridge.

4. My mother may look after your baby if you give her some money

5. The teachers must check these books very carefully

6. All the guests must vacate their rooms by twelve oclock tomorrow.

7. We need to fix the date of the next meeting.

8. You had better iron your father's shirts in the evening.

9. The referee has to cancel the match because of the bad weather.

10. The police had to stop our car because we were going too fast.
273
11. The teacher used to explain the lesson every morning.

12. They had to exhibit the new machine at the Agricultural Fair.

13. The students may discuss these subjects at the meeting tomorrow.

14. They can only prevent smuggling by means of international laws.

15. All drivers should obey the new traffic laws.

16. You ought to take the money to the police station at once.

EXERCISE 156 : THE PASSIVE (THE MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS)


Change the following sentences into the "Passive Voice", using the "Perfect Passive"
structures below.
MUST + HAVE BEEN + PAST PARTICIPLE
CAN'T + HAVE BEEN + PAST PARTICIPLE
COULD + HAVE BEEN + PAST PARTICIPLE
MAY + HAVE BEEN + PAST PARTICIPLE
MIGHT + HAVE BEEN + PAST PARTICIPLE
SHOULD + HAVE BEEN + PAST PARTICIPLE
OUGHT TO + HAVE BEEN + PAST PARTICIPLE
Example: Active : The student must have taken the book.
274
Passive : The book must have been taken by the student.
Active : The student can't have taken the book.
Passive : The book cant have been taken by the student.
1. A fish must have swallowed the gold ring.

2. They must have built this house when I was born.

3. They should have rewarded the soldier for his bravery.

4. The police might have arrested the man if we had not told him the truth.

5. The teacher may have corrected the mistakes by mistake.

6. The girl could have sold all the flowers if it had not rained so heavily.

7. They should have sent the application form last week.

8. The referee ought to have warned the player for his bad conduct.

9. They might have beaten the Romans if they had invented the plane.

10. The workers could have finished the work if they had not played

backgammon.

11. The students might have answered all the questions if they had been

careful.

12. The doctor can't have written this prescription because he was not in

Turkey.

275
EXERCISE 157 : HE PASSIVE GERUND
Put the verbs in brackets into the "Passive Gerund" forms using the following structure.
TO TREAT : ACTIVE PRESENT INFINITIVE
TO BE TREATED : PASSIVE PRESENT INFINITIVE
BEING TREATED : PASSIVE GERUND
Example: I dont like ........ .. .. ... ... .... ......... like a child, (treat)
I don't like being treated like a child.
1. I don't like my son .. .. .. ............... .. like a child, (treat)
2. I dont like, my son being treated like a child.
3. I don't like animals ................... ....... ... ..... .... in captivity, (keep)
4. I cant stand .......................... .. ... .. ....by a girl, (beat)
5. I saw the convict... ... ........ ... .. ............ by the police, (take away)
6. My father doesn't like.. ... .. ... .... ..... ............ waiting, (keep)
7. My children enjoy ... .. ................................... ..by their teachers, (praise)
8. I don't remember .. ................................. ... to the wedding party, (invite)
9. Hilda dislikes ...... ..... ... ......... .. .... .by her students while she is teaching,
(interrupt)
10.My brother hates ... ................................. .. fun of by his friends, (make)
11. Instead of .......................................... .. to prison, the shoplifter was set free,
(send)
12.I can't endure ...... .... ... .. ... ..... ... .. by the smugglers, (swindle)
13.Melissa loves....... .... .. .... .. .... ......... by her boyfriends, (take out)
14.I object to the car ... .. .. .... .................. ... on the pavement. (leave)
15.I saw many houses .................................... ... . in our area when I was there.
(build)
16.When I saw the horse ... ... ..................................... cruelly, I felt angry, (beat)
17.I was disappointed in...................................... like a child, (treat)
18.I was angry at....... .... .. .. ... ... ............ by the children when I was on holiday
(disturb)
276
19.The man is conscious of .................................. .. by the police day and night,
(watch)
20.These books should be thrown away after ... .... ........... ................... .(read)
21.The other day Rose narrowly escaped................................................ (run over)
22.She misses.... .. ......................... ... .... by her friends in the evenings, (visit)
23.I was frightened of.. .. .. .... ....................... alone in the house at nights, (leave)
24.I avoided.... ... ......... ......................... by the traffic police yesterday, (fine)
25.If you kill a human being, you cannot escape........... .... ..... ............. (punish)
26.Are you afraid of ........................ ... .... ..... ... ? (hurt)
27.My friend resents ................... ... ............ taking the money from the safe, (accuse
of)
28.The eggs should be boiled or fried before ...... .... ... ......................... (eat)
29.I saw the man. ... .. ........................... .. by the police, (arrest)
EXERCISE 158 THE PASSIVE (PASSIVE PRESENT INFINITIVE)
Put the verbs in brackets into the "Passive Present Infinitive".
TO KISS : ACTIVE PRESENT INFINITIVE
TO BE KISSED : PASSIVE PRESENT INFINITIV
Example : I want. ... ..... .... ...................... my mother every morning, (kiss)
I want to kiss my mother every morning.
I want....... .. ... ................... by my mother every morning, (kiss)
I want to be kissed by my mother every morning.
A: What does the old woman wish?
B: The old woman wishes .... ..................................... in this cemetery. (bury)
A: What does the patient want?
B: The patient wants .... .... .............................. by this doctor, (examine)
A: What is the matter?
B: There are several letters ............................................. by Friday, (answer)
A: What do you want?
B: I want.................................. .... early tomorrow morning, (wake up)
A: What does that woman want?
B: That woman wants ............................... .... ... by everybody. (love)
277
A: What is your father hoping?
B: My father is hoping ............... .... .... ............ a member of this party, (elect)
A: What is she expecting?
B: She is expecting.... ........................................ for what she has done, (reward)
A: What are you so worried about?
B: The roof of my house needs . .......................................... immediately, (repair)
A: What will happen tomorrow?
B: The hospital is going.... .... .................................. by the Prime Minister tomorrow
(visit)
A: Why is your son so nervous?
B: He is waiting .............. .... .... ... ....... the interview. (call for)
A: Are you busy today?
B: Yes, there is a lot of work......... ...... ......................... today, (do)
A: Why are you so sad?
B: I am very sad; I don't want........................................ as an invalid any longer, (treat)
A: What do you think about these customs and laws?
B: We want these laws ......... ... .................... as soon as possible . (abolish)
A: When shall I send this application form to the office?
B: The application form has ................................ ...... .. to the office by Friday, (send)

EXERCISE 159 : THE PASSIVE (PASSIVE PRESENT INFINITIVE)


Put the "verbs" in brackets into the "Passive Present Infinitive".
Example : I want these letters . ... ...... ..... . .in English, (write)
I want these letters to be written in English.
1. The captain ordered the ship . ... . ............... ... immediately, (abandon)
2. I would like this car. .. ........................... to the garage, (take)
3. The woman wanted her children . .. ... . ..... .... Tree, (set)
4. The officer ordered the Hag ... ... ... .......... right away, (hoist up)
5. We expect great changes .. .. ... ........... . this year, (make)
6. We were waling for the shops ............... ... ... ... at nine oclock, (open)
278
7. I ordered the fugitive ... ... ... .. . ....... by the guardians, (punish)
8. They wanted the piano .. .. .... .. ............ by John at the party, (play)
9. My mother wants the carpets . ...................... .... by the man. (beat)
10.The patient didn't want his illness ... ... .... ... ..... (cure of)
11. The teacher wanted the letters .... .. .... ........... . into Spanish, (translate)
12.I am expecting my son .. .. .. .... ... ........ to London, (send)
13.I will order him . .. .. ..................... if he does that again, (beat)
14.Do you want the child .. .......................... , ... by the doctor now? (examine)
15.She doesn't allow her picture ... .. .. ..... ........ in the art gallery, (exhibit)
16.Monica ordered the car .. .. .... .. . .. by the driver, (fetch)
17.We don't want animals ..... ... ... ... ..... .. in cages, (keep)
18.Do you want German and French .... .......... .. .. at this school? (teach)
19.Don't you want your children ......... .. .. ... .. by your maid? (kiss)
20.We wish Atatrk.. .. ..................... ....... by everybody all over the world,
(respect)
21.I want these subjects ............... . .. .. .. by the teacher once again, (explain)
22.Did you expect political matters ... ... ... .............. by the students? (discuss)
23.Did they want the criminal ... .. .... .. ...... .. at dawn? (hang)
24.Did you want the flowers ... .. .................. .. by the gardener yesterday? (water)
25.Do you want the doors of the palace ... ... ..... ..... ...... at night? (lock)
26.Did they want the portrait of Atatrk .. .. .. .... .......... on the wall? (hang)
27.We desire our national anthem .. .... ......... ...... ..... every Friday, (sing)
28.Who has wanted the questions .. ........................ .. by the teacher? (answer)
29.Do you want these slocking masks ... .... ... ................. by the robbers? (wear)
30.The government wants big industries . .... ............................... with greater
efficiency (nm)
31.Do you want your bad tooth ........ .. ... ... by the dentist? (pull out)
32.I want this poem .... ........................... by my students, (memorize)
EXERCISE 160 :THE PASSIVE (PASSIVE PRESENT INFINITIVE)
Change the following sentences into the "Passive" using a "Passive Present Infinitive".
279
Example: Active : I want the student to close the door at once.
Passive : I want the door to be closed by the student at once.
1. I expect you to discuss the problem at the meeting.

2. My father wants me to open the wine before the meal.

3. He ordered the students not to clean the board.

4. The man wished me to do all the exercises in the first chapter.

5. The man didn't allow me to examine the child.

6. The teacher wants the students to write the sentences on the board.

7. My father wants me to lock the door at night.

8. I want the gardener to water the flowers every morning.

9. I wanted the servant to hang the picture on the wall.

10.I don't want the students to sing our national anthem at the end of the

performance.

11. Alice doesn't want the policeman to take her son to the police station.

12.Maria doesn't allow us to take her picture.

13.Sharon ordered the boys not to throw pieces of paper onto the floor.

14.The President wants the Members of Parliament to discuss this issue once again.

15.My father wants the mechanic to repair his car as soon as possible.

280
EXERCISE 161 : THE PASSIVE (MIXED TYPES)
Put the following sentences into the "Passive Voice".
Example: Active : Mary looked after the baby yesterday.
Passive : The baby was looked after by Mary yesterday.
1. We keep the glasses in this cupboard.

2. They do not allow you to play in the garden.

3. People rumour that the coalition is in trouble.

4. Angela delayed opening the letter.

5. They say that inflation is getting worse and worse.

6. We had to put off our visit to the palace because of the weather.

7. People rumour that your son had fallen in love with Calculi.

8. The teacher could finish the book if she had more time.

9. They report that the river has risen five meters.

10.They didn't use to take the children to the cinema.

11. The tourists are visiting the historical places.

12.People rumour that the thief has gone to Spain.

281
13.He confessed stealing the jewels from the safe.

14.The firemen departed alter they had extinguished the fire.

15.They believe that they are on a sightseeing trip.

16.I made Tom write the letter.

17.They saw him getting into a car with a woman.

EXERCISE 162 : THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)


Put the following "complex sentences" into the "Passive Voice" using a "Full Infinitive"
where necessary.
Example: Active : People believe that the Earth is round.
Passive : It is believed that the Earth is round.
The Earth is believed to be round.

1.People believe that Atatrk is the greatest leader of all times.


a.................................................................................................. ... ..............................
b...................................................................................................................... ........
2. They think that Sally acts foolishly at the meetings.
a.................................................................................................. ... ..............................
b......................................................................................................................
3. They think that Melissa speaks English with an American accent.
a.................................................................................................. ... ..............................
b......................................................................................................................
4. They say that the car is in good condition.
a.................... ......................................................................................................
b...................................................................................... ............................... ....
5. People believe that the leader of the Ruling Party lives in luxury.
a.................................................. .... ......................... ..... .........................
b. ................................................................................
6. They think that this dog is very intelligent.

282
a.............................................................. .............................. ............................
b. ....................................................................................................................
7. They say that Rose knows some very influential people in Turkey.
a................. ...........................................................................................................
b................................................ ................................. ................................
8. They believe that the Queen is one of the richest people in the world.
a....................................................................... .................................
b.........................................................................................................................
9. Most people claim that Istanbul is the most beautiful city in the world.
a.............. ............................................. ..... ..................
b.............................................................................. .............................. .....................
10. People think that the weather is predicted by watching animals.
a............... ................................. ............................... .............................. ..........................
b. ...................... .... ................................................................... ...................................

EXERCISE 163 : THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)


Put the following "complex sentences" into the ''Passive Voice'1 using a "Full Infinitive"
where necessary as in the example below.
Active : People expect that the three parties will form a coalition.
Passive : It is expected that the three parties will form a coalition.
The tree parties are expected to form a coalition.
1.They think that Prime Minister will go to the United States next month.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
283
2. People expect that the economic situation in Turkey will improve very soon.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
3. People expect that the weather will be warmer this month.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
4. People claim that major changes will take place in Turkey in the near future.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
5. They expect that their representatives will defend the rights of Turkish people.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
6. People say that the President will be at the Naval Academy next week.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
7. People think that the Opposition Party will win the election.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
8. People expect that pollution will increase in the near future.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
9. They predict that the storms will reach the city tomorrow.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
10. Scientists believe that the level of the sea will rise considerably.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

284
-----------

EXERCISE 164 : THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCE)


Put the following "complex sentences" into the "Passive Voice" using a "Present
Infinitive Continuous" as in the example below.
Active : They think that Sharon Stone is living in luxury.
Passive : It is thought that Sharon Stone is living in luxury.
Sharon Stone is thought to be living in luxury.

1.They say that the Princes is staying incognito at the Hilton hotel.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
2. People consider that crime rate is increasing in Turkey because of unemployment.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
3. People rumour that the escaped prisoner is hiding in the jungle.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
4. They report that the space craft is approaching Saturn.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

285
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
5. They believe that the universe is expanding all the time.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
6. People think that the terrorists are living in the mountains.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
7. They say that researchers are developing better methods.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
8. People rumour that the ship is carrying gold bars to Libya.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
9. People believe that this woman is working as a spy against Turkey.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
10. They firmly believe that Turkish people are following the footsteps of Atatrk.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

286
EXERCISE 165: THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCES)
Put the following "complex sentences" into the "Passive Voice" using a "Perfect
Infinitive" as in the examples below.
Active : They think that Olga acted foolishly at the party last night.
Passive : a. It is thought that Olga acted foolishly at the party last night.
b. Olga is thought to have acted foolishly at the party last night.
Active : They said that the man had killed the poet in self-defence.
Passive : a. It was said that the man had killed the poet in self-defence.
b. The man was said to have killed the poet in self-defence.
1.They thought that Laura had lived in Norway.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
2. They believe that the ship sank a long time ago.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
3. People say that our postman has won a lot of money in gambling.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
4. They fear that many lives have been lost in the train crash.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
5. They believed that Marjorie was innocent.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
6. They believed that The President of the United States had been assassinated.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

287
-----------
7. The police said that the American spy checked in at a luxury hotel in Ankara.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
8. They told me that Diana had left the town.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
9. People thought that a strange animal lived in this cave.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
10. Many people think that the Viking sailed to Canada.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
11. The radio reported that the strike was a success.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
12. They found that the riot had been started by the anarchists.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
13. They think that the man has been killed in an air crash.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

14. People thought that the President was ill.


a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
15. They said that the country was on the verge of civil war.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

288
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
16.People believe that the brave girl led the French army to free the city of Orleans.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
17.They reported that demonstrators were taken away by the police.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
18.They say that the poor man was evicted from his flat for not paying the rent.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
19.They believe that the President has visited all the countries in the world.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
20.They claim that the political meetings have been broken up by the police.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

289
EXERCISE 166: THE PASSIVE (COMPLEX SENTENCES)
Put the following "complex sentences" into the "Passive Voice" using a 'Perfect Infinitive
Continuous" as in the examples below.
Active : They say that Lisa was living in Paris.
Passive : a. It is said that Lisa was living in Paris.
b. Lisa is said (o have been living in Paris.
Active : They say that Lisa has been living in Paris.
Passive : a. It is said that Lisa has been living in Paris.
b. Lisa is said to have been living in Paris.
1.They think that the ship was sailing towards the North Pole.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
2. They believe that the captain was spending his money on unimportant things.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
3. They report that the spacecraft was getting in touch with the satellite in space.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

290
-----------
4. They believed that the population of Istanbul was increasing.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
5. People thought that Richard was living in the mountains.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
6. They say that Helen has been working on this project for a long time.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
7. They claim that the driver was listening to his Walkman at the time of the accident.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
8. The radio said that the volcano was erupting on the island.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
9. They said that Sandra was making a living as an English teacher.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

291
EXERCISE 167 : THE PASSIVE (MIXED TYPES)
Change the following sentences into the "Active Voice".
Example : Active : The policeman is following me.
Passive : I am being followed by the policeman.
1. I was punished by the teacher yesterday.

2. The answer must be written in ink.

3. The flowers were being watered by the gardener at seven oclock.

4. The old radio will be repaired by my father tomorrow

5. It is believed that the fire had been caused by a cigarette butt.

6. Has the city been defended by the brave women?

7. Is the library cleaned by that woman every day?

8. All the carpets were being cleaned by the servant.

9. The cow will be milked by the woman before the sun rises.

10. This problem cannot be solved easily by the students.

11. An exam may be given by our history teacher tomorrow.

12. Is the contract going to be signed by the manager tomorrow?

13. An effective law against terrorism has been passed by the Parliament.

14. The teacher is going to be invited to the wedding by my father.

15. The books had been borrowed from the library by Jennifer.

16. The patient was given the wrong prescription by the doctor.
292
17. The victim is believed to have been poisoned by the soldiers.

EXERCISE 169: GERUNDS/INFINITIVES (1)


Complete the following sentences with the "Gerund" or "Full Infinitive" forms of the
"verbs" in brackets.
Example : In winter months, I really miss . .. .. ... ..... in the sun. (lie)
In winter months, I really miss lying in the sun. (gerund)
We are expecting. .... ........................ abroad this summer, (go)
We are expecting to go abroad this summer, (full infinitive)
1. I don't like.................................. alone in the house at night, (be)
2. We aired the room by ............................... ... the windows, (open)
3. Do you remember............... .. .......... to the seaside when you were young? (go)
4. I would like .... .... ... ............ you on behalf of all the staff, (thank)
5. Rana forgot. ................................. the lights when she went to bed. (turn off)
6. When I go shopping, I must remember .............................. some bread, (buy)
7. If you haven't got too much luggage, I suggest.......... ... .... .. the underground,
(take)
8. It was very careless of you ...... .... ... ........ that coffee cup. (break)
9. I am considering ................... ......... my cousins in Mersin next summer, (visit)
10.I recommend you .... ....................... the time wisely, (use)
11. When I go on holiday, I like ..... ................... plenty of exercise, (take)
12.I didn't finish ........... ... ..... .... the room because I didn't like the colour, (paint)
13.The citizens are waiting for the Pied Piper ...... ... ... ..... their children back,
(bring)
14.I told a white lie to avoid ... ............................... my wife's feelings, (hurt)
15.I don't usually like .... ... ............. early, but I like ................ when I am on holiday,

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(get up/get up)
16.I can't help ... ........ ............... him when I see him. (laugh at)
17.I regret.... .. ................ you that we are not in a position to explain it. (inform)
18.Why don't you find something to do, like ...................... .... the car? (clean)
19........................... .. a degree enables you ........................ ... a better job.
(have/get)
20.These children need ...... ....................... (look after)
21.I am fed up with.... .... ..................... this film on the television, (watch)
22.Brenda is very good at................................... phone numbers, (memorize)
23.She persuaded me .............................. in this play, (act)
24.It is no use................................. me the way. I am only a visitor here, (ask)
25.I cannot seem .................. ........ rid of this cold, (get)
26.Don't bother.... ........................... the lift, it is out of order, (try)
27.I cannot stand ................................... early in the morning, (get up)
28.She found it difficult........... .. .... ...... the busy street, (cross)
29.It was very kind of you .. ... ..................... me chocolates, (bring)
30.Those children are too young ...................... ....... themselves.(look after)
31.I am not hungry but I don't feel like ..... ................ anything, (eat)
32.I don't think it is worth .... ...... ... ..... .... government money on space
explorations, (spend)
33.His impossible.. .. ... ... ... to Rose, she thinks she knows everything, (talk)
34.If your father gives up .. .. . ....... ...... he will live longer, (drink)
35.One of my main ambitions is .... .. ... . around the world, (travel)
36.I cannot afford ................... .. . a car at the moment, (buy)
37.If you want to stop . . ... ... .. ., try . .. ........... ...... gum instead, (smoke/chew)
38.The athlete tried ... ......... . .. the world record but he failed, (break)
39.Tom Cruise was very excited about..the Academy Award, (receive)
40.After .. .. .. .. the agenda, we went on discuss finance, (approve)
41.She is always the first........................... and the last . ..... ...... ............. (arrive
/leave)
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42.I don't fancy .. .. .. .. ... for a walk in the rain, (go)
43.The teacher doesn't permit ... ........... .. . during the exam, (talk)
44.The best thing is .. .... .. .. your local library, (ring up)
45.I like .................... .... every day, it keeps me fit. (exercise)
46.They were delighted.. .. ... ... ..... .. their father standing on the deck of the ship,
(see)
47.It was very thoughtless of you ...... ............... such things to a sick old man. (say)
48.I chose .. ... ........... on the island because of my health, (live)
49.I was busy. .. .. ... .. the letter when the boss came, (type)
50.The captain ordered the passengers .. .. ...... .. . the ship, (abandon)
51.Muge is very fond of......................... chocolates, (cat)
52.This seems... .. .... .. .. a serious matter, (be)
53.My father doesn't allow me ... .. ..... .. .... in the evening, (play)
54.I always remember .......... ............ .......... the door before I go out. (lock)
55.Are you planning .. ... ... ....... a vacation this year? (lake)
56.When you finish .......... ........ . the letter, could you please help me? (write)
57.If you walk in these mountains, you risk ... ... .... ... lost, (get)
58.My father suggested ..... ... .... ...... to the cinema tonight, (go)
59.Everyone tried .. . .. ... ... the car, but it didn't move at all. (lift)
60.I haven't decided what...... ............ ..... to the party, (wear)
61.I was made ..................................... for two hours for an appointment, (wait
62.The apples keep .............. .. .. from the trees in my garden, (disappear)
63.I don't mind people ............................... about my family, (gossip)
64.These scissors need .... .. ... .... ... immediately (sharpen)
65.If you carry on .. ... .. ... ... .., I will have to ask you to leave the room,
(misbehave)
66.This film is worth .......... .................. , I think, (see)
67.She cannot stand .. ......................... alone during my absence, (be)
68.She refused .... .............................. the shoes I bought yesterday, (change)
69.It is silly of you ...... ........................ time like that, (waste)
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70.It is no good .... ............................ him; he is deaf, (shout at)
71.Don't forget................... .. ......... me as soon as you arrive home, (phone)
72.Angela asked me...................... ......... to the cinema with her. (go)
73.I'll take you to hospital. I cannot bear................. ... ....... you in pain, (see)
74.We are thinking of.................................... to Italy for our holidays, (go)
75.Do you want................................... tennis this afternoon? (play)
76.Linda suggested ...................................... a day in Paris, (spend)
77.Sally has decided ............... .................... him a new watch for his birthday, (buy)
78.Paul agreed ............... .................... it again, (not, do)
79.The children have really missed .. ....................... .... in your lovely garden, (play)
80.I think George is interested in ... .................. . a lawyer, (become)
81.................................... a new language is very interesting thing to do. (learn)
82.There is a regulation which forbids .................. ............ in hospitals, (smoke)
83.Where did you get the money? I don't remember................ ...... ..... it to you. (give)
84.Bill carried on . .................. ....... when his friends went on strike, (work)
85.She stopped .................... ........... on her project when she became sick, (work)
86.You had better stop ............. ................... so much alcohol, (drink)
87.I am afraid you are not allowed .. .............. ...... in here, sir. (smoke)
88.I cannot help .................................. when I am tired, (yawn)
89.Please leave off.... ......................... the carpet; the baby is sleeping, (hover)
90.A good servant knows how .............. ................ table, (wait at)
91.I like ................ ................. in the new swimming pool when it opens, (swim)
92.Did you have any trouble ......................... ..... the hotel I mentioned? (find)
93.Advertisements encourage people .................... ............ more money, (spend)
94.Getting to work on time means................. ..... ........ very early in the morning, (get
up)
95.She has abstained from ...................................... for a long time, (drink)
96.There is no ............. ..... ............. what will happen. Don't waste time talking, (tell)
97.Jane took three weeks .... ... ..................... her illness, (get over)
98.You will have no difficulty (in) .... .................... . this letter into Turkish,
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(translate)
99.You will find it difficult............. ................... this subject to the students,
(explain)
100. The travel agent recommended our................................... near the airport,
(stay)
101. I cannot put up with your constant . ...... ....... ...... (complain)
102. The teacher advised me .. .................... carefully, (listen.)
103. Your piano needs ............ .............. (tune)
104. You should practise .......... ... . ... English at every opportunity (speak)
105. Try ....................... .... the bell. Someone may be in. (ring)
106. I have never imagined the mountain .. ... .. .. so high, (be)
107. Do you prefer ..................... .. your letters to .......... ....... . .. them by
hand? (type/write)
108. My father didn't want me ... ... ..... . a ballet dancer, (become)
109. I study hard, this means ... ... ... ...... a lot of time in the library, (spend)
110. You are supposed ... .. .. .. .. your parents without ... ... .. .. why.
(obey / ask)
111. There is nothing ... .. ... ... .... us from .................... married, (prevent/get)
112. He stopped ............................... the map and then walked on. (Look at)
113. I will never forget......... .. ... Rosemary standing on the balcony, (see)
114. I don't mind ..... .... ... ... .. in a lent if there are no snakes, (sleep)
115. I am sorry I forgot .. .................... the letter you gave me. (post)
116. Don't pretend ......................... ... him, you know you don't really (like)
117. I hate... .... .. ... .. any kind of sports on television, (watch)
118. Children should be encouraged .... .. .............. as early as possible, (swim)
119. I really appreciate your .... ... .. ... .. to help the poor, (try)
120. The main subject of the talk is how . .. ... .. .. crimes from ..... .... ....
.. . (prevent / happen)
121. My friend suggested ........ ... .. .. a picnic on the. island on Sunday,
(have)
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122. I quit................................. comic books when I was twelve years old. (read)
123. I got the students .... .. .. .. .... the sentences three times, (repeat)
124. The school doesn't allow .................................. here, (smoke)
125. I cannot imagine ................ .. .in a place like that, (live)
126. I would recommend you .. ... .... ..... ... Turkey in the summer, (visit)
127. We expect Jane. ....... .. .. .. in the office on Saturdays, (work)
128. The policeman admitted (to)...... ... ... .. . bribes, (take)
129. The teacher explained his ... .... .... ... .... ill. (be)
130. There were a lot of girls, but I favoured .. ....... ....................... with Lucy,
(dance)
131. Why don't you forbid your daughter ..................... .......... cigarettes?
(smoke)
132. Pedro claimed ........... ...................... the last heir to the fortune, (be)
133. How did you come ................................. her? (know)
134. Should I include .. ................... a diploma on my application form? (have)
135. I happened .. .... ...... ... .... . the teacher in the park the other day. (see)
136. Paola is not well enough ......... ..... ..... ... to the party tomorrow, (come)
137. It is boring ..................................... there doing nothing, (sit)
138. It isn't worth while . ............ .... . to Paris for only one day (go)
139. Caroline forgot when................................. the children to the concert, (take)
140. It is useless ...................................... roses in this kind of soil, (plant)
141. Mandy was on the point of...................................... Istanbul when we got
there, (leave)
142. Will you excuse my .. .. ......... ..... early? (leave)
143. My sister went on.. ... .. .... ... .. about the other matter, (talk)
144. I meant..................................... married last year but I didn't have enough
money, (get)
145. If you want to go to the cinema, it will mean .... .... .... .... . a baby-
sitter, (get)
146. She asked me ...................................... the car in front of the house, (not,
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leave)
147. Stop..... .... .. ... ... of the window and listen to me. (Look out)
148. The policeman warned my father.. .... .. .... .... fast, (not, drive)
149. I know him ...................................... honest, (be)
150. I don't understand your ................................ angry with me. (get)
151. The teacher cannot tolerate my ... ... ... ..... late every day. (come)
152. I would like you ...................................... your holidays in Italy, (spend)
153. I cannot stand your .... .......... .... ... so rudely towards my father, (behave)
154. If you gamble, you risk.. ........ ........... your money, (lose)
155. The puppies looked so sweet that I couldn't resist... ..... . .... .. them,
(stroke)
156. I don't recommend ...................................... your summer holidays in Paris,
(spend)
157. Heidi offered .......... ......... .... me a lift to the station, (give)
158. My father promised me that he would give up.. ..... ..... ...... ....(smoke)
159. I don't recall...................................... to have lunch with you. (promise)
160. I would prefer you .................................. at home, (stay)
161. I had a good time...................................... at the party (dance)
162. She explained to me what kind of food.......... ....... ............ (eat)
163. They keep (on). ........ .. .... ... their minds all the time, (change)
164. Helen mentioned................................... me on television last week, (see)
165. The baby appears ...................................... hungry (be)
166. I cannot forgive Julia for. .......... ..... ..... her promise, (break)
167. She heard the noise, but she was afraid .................................... downstairs,
(go)
168. My sister is afraid of................................... in the dark, (walk)
169. What you do is . .......... .... .... .. the eggs with flour, (mix)
170. Can you imagine.. .... ... .... .... .. ten thousand dollars in the state lottery?
(win)

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EXERCISE 174 : GERUNDS
Answer the following questions using the structures below.
BE USED TO + GERUND/GERUND PHRASE
BE ACCUSTOMED TO + GERUND/GERUND PHRASE
BE USED TO + NOUN
BE ACCUSTOMED TO + NOUN
Example: A: Do you drive on the right?
B: No, I don't. I am not used to driving on the right.
No, I don't. I am not accustomed to driving on the right.
A: Does the hot weather bother you?
B: No, it doesn't. I am used to the hot weather.
No, it doesn't. I am accustomed to the hot weather.
1.A: Do you always walk quickly?
B: No, ...

2. A: Does your father always have a cold shower in (he morning?


B: Yes, ...

3. A: Does your sister always have a siesta in the afternoon?


B: No, ...

4. A: Does your friend always live on. his own?


B: Yes, ...

5. A: Do you like this kind of food in Turkey?


B: No...

6. A: Can you live in the Polar region?


B: Yes...

7. A: Do you always sleep with the windows open?


B: No...

8. A: Do the insults of your friends bother you?


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B: Yes...

9. A: Can you live in such a climate like this?


B: No...

10. A: Are you fond of listening to Turkish music?


B: Yes...

11. A: Do you like eating spicy food?


B: No...

12. A: Do you always go to work at sunrise?


B: Yes, ...

13. A: Does your father always go to bed so late?


B: No,...

EXERCISE 175 : GERUNDS


Answer the following questions giving long answers.
1. Are you in the habit of smoking Hubble bubble?

2. Do you love walking in the snow?

3. Do you think that knowing a foreign language is useful?

4. What is your father used to doing in the morning?

5. What are you afraid of doing at night?

6. Are you tired of living in Istanbul?

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7. What do your parents enjoy doing at the weekends?

8. What is your mother tired of doing every day?

9. Are you accustomed to eating the same kind of food all the time?

10.Do you think that using a computer is absolutely necessary nowadays?

11. What are you fond of doing on Sundays?

12.Do you avoid drinking coffee if it keeps you up at night?

13.Did you have fun watching the football match on TV last night?

14.What do you do if you consider quitting your job?

15.Do you feel like going to the cinema tonight?

16.Are you allowed to enter a mosque without taking your shoes off?

17.Do you think that teaching English calls for a lot of patience?

18.Is there a possibility of going to Mars in the future?

EXERCISE 176 : GERUNDS/INFINITIVES


Complete the following sentences with the "Gerund" or "Infinitive" forms of the "verbs"
on the list below.
WRITE, TALK, LEARN, WATER, LISTEN TO, STUDY, PLAY, TAKE,
DO, DRIVE
1. I am very good at ........................... ... ... chess. Nobody can beat me.

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2. Do you like... .. ... .. .. ... ......... classical music?
3. Do you think it is easy ................... .... .. ... .... a foreign language?
4. My brother learned ..... .......... .. .... ... .. . a car when he was seventeen.
5. I finished .................... .. ... .. .... . the first few pages of my term paper.
6. He promised . .. ..... .. ......................... the flowers while I was out of town.
7. My mother felt better after ..... .. .... ... ... .... her medicine.
8. It is pointless . ... ..... ... .... ... .... .. ..a language if you are never going to use it.
9. Could you please sit down and stop . .. . .. ...... ..... ..... .... .
10.10. My sister is busy ...... ... ... ... ......... ..... . her homework at the moment.
BE, CRY, PLAY, SPEAK, WAIT, POST, SPEAK, FIND, WIDEN, ARRIVE

1. There is always a traffic jam here. The road needs ... ................. .. ... ..
2. Taking care of the neighbour's house proved .... .... .... .... ... .... .. a difficult
job.
3. I had a lot of difficulty ..... .... .. .... ... ............... another job in Istanbul.
4. After not...................................................... to each other for a year, they decided
to bury the hatchel
5. It was rather childish of him ..... ... ... ....................... ... when he did badly in the
test.
6. I would prefer .... .... .... .. .. .... .... ...here a bit if you don't mind.
7. Could you remind me .................. ................................. this letter?
8. I will never forget ....... .. .. .... .. .... .... in New York the first time.
9. I couldn't resist ... ... .. .... ... .... .... .. a trick on the teacher.
10.Why do you always insist on my .................. .. ... ... ... English all the time?
CHECK, WORK, BLAME, GET, INTERRUPT, FIND, TELL, DRIVE,
ARGUE, EMIGRATE
1. I hope you won't mind my ................................... .. .you are having a chat.
2. I don't feel like ....................................................., so T will say no more about the
subject.
3. The traffic policeman stopped the man for.... .. ... .. ....... ..... ... intoxicated.
4. It is not much use. ... ... ... ..... .... .... .... our defeat on the weather.
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5. It won't be easy for Melissa ........................................................ a new job in
London.
6. I am interested in ....................................................... to Canada.
7. Remember... ........ ...... ... .. ...your answers before you leave the exam room.
8. I regret... ... .... ........ ... ......... you that I will not be able to be at the reception
next week.
9. It means ................................................. a raise or being thrown out of the office.
10.My parents always encourage me ..... .... .... ..... .... ... . as hard as I can.

EXERCISE 177 : PERFECT GERUNDS (ACTIVE / PASSIVE)


Rewrite the following sentences using a "Perfect Gerund".
ACTIVE PERFECT GERUND : HAVING + PAST PARTICIPLE
PASSIVE PERFECT GERUND : HAVING + BEEN + PAST PARTICIPLE
Example : Carol denied that she had stolen the money.
(ACTIVE) Carol denied having stolen the money.
Martha denied that she was seen with a Russian spy
(PASSIVE) Martha denied having been seen with a Russian spy.
1. I remember that I had seen that girl at the ball.
I remember ...................................................................................................
2. Mary resents that she hasn't been invited to the wedding party.
Mary resents...........................................................................................................
3. They accused me that I had taker, part in the bank robbery.
They accused me of .......................................................................................................
4. Helen complains that she wasn't given enough freedom in choosing her husband.
Helen complains of...........................................................................................
5. My father forgot that he had posted the letters.
My father
forgot....................................................................................................................
6. Sheila feels sorry that she wasn't taken to the circus by her father.
Sheila feels
sorry ..........................................................................................................................
7. The manager apologized that he had charged too much.
The manager apologized
for ..................................................................................................................
8. The teacher admits that she has been criticized severely by her students.
The teacher admits (to) ..... .... .... .... ..... .... .. .... .... .. .. .... ...
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9. She is glad that she had studied English when she was at high school.
She is glad of....................................
10.The man objects that he was sent to the doctor by the manager.
The man objects to .... ................. ..........................................................................
11. Do you regret that you didn't go to university?
Do you regret not................................................................... .............................?
12.Helen admitted that she had left the door unlocked.
Helen admitted (to) ........................................................................................
13.Emily doesn't enjoy that she has been pushed into the swimming-pool by her
friends.
Emily doesn't enjoy.. ... .............. .... .... .... ........ ... ..... .......
14.The American remember that Lincoln abolished slavery.
The American remember .......................................................................................
15.I am depressed that I had a row with my wife this morning.
I am depressed
about..............................................................................................................

EXERCISE 178 : INFINITIVES


Complete the following sentences with the "Plain Infinitive" or "Full Infinitive" forms of
the verbs in brackets.
Example: Rose made me .............miserable, (feel)
Rose made me feel miserable. (Plain Infinitive)
1. Would you like ............. ............to the cinema with me? (go)
2. Would you like to go to the cinema with me? (Full Infinitive)
3. I didn't dare ....... ............... . the doctor that she was wrong, (tell)
4. I would prefer you .. .. .. ... ..... .. me up at, eight, oclock, (pick)
5. It was foolish of you .... . ......... so last in the centre of the city, (drive)
6. They would rather ....... ... ... .... a boxing match than a football] match, (see)

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7. Lora is not well enough.. .. .... .. ... tennis this evening, (play)
8. Thank you for your postcard, it was very thoughtful of you ... .... ..... ..... it.
(send)
9. They didn't allow Julie ....................... . . tennis at school, (play)
10.I am too scared . ...... .................... the tent. There are some bears outside, (leave)
11. How old were you when you learnt....... .... ..............? (drive)
12.Chris does nothing but.. ... ..... .... .... .all the time, (complain)
13.I don't mind walking there, but I would rather . ... .. ... .... a taxi, (take)
14.How do you make this machine ......................................? -I am not sure, (work)
15.I like .................................. carefully about things before I make a decision, (think)
16.It was wrong of you ..................... .... your mother like that, (scare)
17.I didn't want .... .. .... ... ... the film. It wasn't worth seeing, (see)
18.Rather than .................................... it back to the shop he decided to repair it
himself, (take)
19.The doctor made the patient.... .. .... .. .... in bed for a few days, (stay)
20.The robber made everyone in the bank ................................... down on the floor,
(lie)
21.I would rather...... ............................. tennis than ............................... golf,
(play/play)
22.He was made ................ ..... his homework, (do)
23.She seems .... ...... ..... .... ... nothing but .. ..... .. ... ... (do/sleep)
24.She would prefer ............. ............ out rather than............... ......... .... at home,
(go/stay)
25.She didn't let me ........... . ........ . the flute in the living room, (play)
26.Where do you usually ... ... ... ... ....your summer holidays? (spend)
27.I will let you ..................,......... ...the result of the game tomorrow, (know)
28.You had better ....... ........... me the truth before the police arrive, (tell)
29.Let's .................................... for a walk as soon as it stops raining, (go)
30.She suggested that the teacher................ .... ... the subject once again, (explain)
31.She stopped ....... ... .... ..... a cigarette but she couldn't.... ..... .... .... .a lighter,
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(smoke/find)
EXERCISE 179 : GERUNDS/INFINITIVES
Rewrite the following sentences using a "Gerund Phrase".
Example: It is boring to spend the whole day at home.
Spending the whole day at home is boring.
1. It is a wonderful thing to live in luxury.

2. It is enjoyable to walk in the rain.

3. It is essential to understand the basic points.

4. It is not very difficult to learn to drive a car.

5. It was extraordinary to see the actual Hollywood film set.

6. It requires a lot of patience to write an English grammar book.

7. It was a waste of time to argue with those Russian students.

8. It was not easy to make money in Saudi Arabia.

9. It is foolish to make a decision without knowing the facts.

10.It is relaxing to take a walk in the park.

11. It is difficult to learn a foreign language within six months.

12.It is wonderful to fall in love.

13.It was a marvellous idea to spend the summer at the seashore.

14.It requires considerable skill to make race cars.

15.It was Hamlet's main occupation to take the revenge of his father.

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16.It is dangerous to swim after a heavy meal.

17.It is difficult to study when a radio is on.

EXERCISE 180 : GERUNDS/INFINITIVES


Rewrite the following sentences using a "Full Infinitive Phrase".
Example: Playing with matches is dangerous.
It is dangerous to play with matches.

1.Spending a few days in Antalya is a good idea.


It...................................................................................................................
2. Living in a foreign country was not easy.
It...................................................................................................................
3. Cheating in the examination is wrong.
It...................................................................................................................
4. Making friends was not very difficult in those days.
It...................................................................................................................
5. Getting enough sleep is important.
It...................................................................................................................
6. Going to the cinema with your friends is not a good idea.
It...................................................................................................................
7. Looking up words in a dictionary takes a long time.
It...................................................................................................................
8. Living on a deserted island is really hard.
It...................................................................................................................
9. Teaching children at this age must be extremely difficult.
It...................................................................................................................
10. Playing any kind of musical instrument requires a good sense of rhythm.
It...................................................................................................................
11. Making elderly people happy is very difficult.
It...................................................................................................................
12. Being a good neighbour is a wonderful thing.
It...................................................................................................................
13. Living in this part of the city is very dangerous.
It...................................................................................................................
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14. Predicting when an earthquake will occur is very difficult.
It...................................................................................................................
15.Protecting whales and other endangered species is very important.
It...................................................................................................................
16.Going further was impossible.
It...................................................................................................................
17.Giving time to the project became more difficult.
It...................................................................................................................

EXERCISE 181 : INFINITIVES (ENOUGH/TOO)


Rewrite the following sentences using "ENOUGH". Change the adjectives if necessary.
Example: This skirt is too short for an old lady to wear.
This shirt is not long enough for an old lady to wear.
1. The weather is too cold for us to go swimming.

2. Natalie is too careless to see her mistakes.

3. This tangerine is too sour for me to eat.

4. My sister is too young to get married. She is only sixteen.

5. The puzzle was too difficult for anyone to solve.

6. You are too young to be a member of this club.

7. Stella is too short to reach (to) that high shelf.

8. She is too weak to walk without help.


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9. We were too far to be able to see their faces.

10. My grandfather was too old to travel on his own.

11. Julia is too poor to buy that house.

12. The sea was too rough for us to go sailing.

13. The house is too expensive for us to buy

14. This room is too dark for me to take pictures.

15. Gloria was too old to apply for the job.

16. The horse was too slow to win the race.

17. They are too stupid to know the answer.

EXERCISE 182 : INFINITIVES (ENOUGH)


Combine the following pairs of sentences using the structure below. Change the
adjectives if necessary.
ADJECTIVE + ENOUGH + FULL INFINITIVE
Example: Maria is very rich. She can buy a villa by the sea.
Maria is rich enough to buy a villa by the sea.
1. Diana is very tall. She can touch the ceiling.

2. The electric torch is very small. It tan go into a pocket.

3. My brother is very strong. He can lift a horse.

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4. The stadium is very big. It can hold sixty thousand people.

5. I am not very well. I cannot make a trip around the world.

6. This soldier is not very brave. He cannot fight the enemy

7. My sister is not very clever. She cannot solve that problem.

8. Susan was very clever. She answered all the questions.

9. Kate is very poor. She cannot buy an expensive car.

10.Diana was very old. She could not apply for the job.

11. George was not very experienced. He could not tackle the problems.

12.You are not old. You cannot watch this film on the television.

13.Belly was not old. She could not go to school.

14.The horse was very fast. It could win all the races easily

15.He was very thirsty lie drank five glasses of water.

16.That small chair is not very strong. It cannot support that heavy man.

EXERCISE 183 : INFINITIVES (TOO)


Rewrite the following sentences using "TOO" using the structure below.
TOO + ADJECTIVE + FULL INFINITIVE

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Example: Pamela was so worried that she couldn't concentrate on her
homework.
Pamela was too worried to concentrate on her homework.
1. Eileen was so impatient that she couldn't tolerate the children for very long.

2. The coffee was so sweet that I couldn't drink it.

3. The Adana Kebap was so hot that we couldn't eat it.

4. This film is so violent that my children cannot watch it on TV

5. Molly was so poor that she couldn't pay the rent of her flat.

6. I was so tired that I couldn't go to the cinema with my friends.

7. They were so busy that they couldn't have a chat.

8. Angela is so upset that she cannot stop crying.

9. It is such a heavy box that I cannot lift it.

10. The lesson was so boring that I couldn't stay there the whole time.

11. The man was so fat that he couldn't go through the door.

12. The weather was so cold that the children couldn't go swimming.

13. The room was so dark that we couldn't take any pictures.

14. The meeting was so short that we couldn't reach any decisions.

15. The exercise is so difficult that I cannot do it.

16. I am so busy that I cannot take you to the cinema tonight.

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EXERCISE 184 : INFINITIVES (TOO)
Combine the following pairs of sentences with "TOO" using the structure below.
TOO + ADJECTIVE + (FOR + NOUN/PRONOUN) + FULL
INFINITIVE
Example: It is very cold. We cannot have a picnic on the island.
It is too cold (for us) to have a picnic on the island.
1. This book is very boring. I cannot read it in two clays.

2. The coffee was very hoi. I couldnt drink it.

3. Life is very short. We cannot worry about every little thing.

4. The staircase is very steep. My grandmother cannot climb it.

5. The sky was very cloudy. We couldn't see the UFO at all.

6. That car is quite expensive. I cannot afford to buy it,

7. This orange is very sour. I cannot eat it.

8. This room is very cold. We cannot sit in it,

9. The exercise was quite difficult. We couldn't do it within two hours.

10. It is very far. We cannot walk there.

11. Russian is very difficult. I cannot learn it within two years.

12. The film was very touching. I couldn't watch it on TV last night.

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13. These letters are very long. Helen cannot type them in two hours.

14. This coffee is very strong. I cannot drink it without milk.

15. The river was very deep. The children couldn't swim in it.

16. The dress is very long. Stella cannot wear it.

EXERCISE 185: INFINITIVES (TOO)


Combine the following pairs of sentences with "TOO" using the structure below.
TOO + ADJECTIVE + FULL INFINITIVE
Example: I am very old. I cannot fall in love again.
I am too old to fall in love again.
1. These people are very afraid. They cannot fight for their rights.

2. My sister is very young. She cannot vole at this election.

3. Kate was quite tired. She couldn't help me with my homework.

4. I was extremely shy. I couldn't make a speech in front of strangers.

5. I was very tired. I couldn't have a chat with my neighbour.

6. Your mother is very old. She cannot wear a mini skirt.

7. My friend is exceedingly nervous. She cannot answer all the questions.

8. They were very proud. They couldn't ask for help.

9. My girlfriend is very conceited. She cannot accept that kind of job.


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10. Jane's new car is very wide. It cannot go into her garage easily.

11. Tom is very stupid. He cannot understand the meaning of that poem.

12. Hilda was quite sensible. She couldn't be influenced by flattery.

13. Linda is very cautious. She cannot risk her money.

14. He is very drunk. He doesn't know what he is talking about.

15. My father is very busy. He cannot take you to the circus tonight.

16. The famous man was very proud. He couldn't go back to his parents' house

again.

EXERCISE 186: INFINITIVES (ENOUGH)


Combine the following pairs of sentences with "ENOUGH" using the structure below.
ENOUGH + NOUN + FULL INFINITIVE
NOUN + ENOUGH + FULL INFINITIVE
Example: There is a lot of bread. It will last for three days.
There is enough bread to last for three days.
There is bread enough to last for three days,
1.We haven't got much money. We cannot eat in restaurants every day.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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2. I haven't got much money. I cannot go on holiday this year.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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3. There is a great deal of poison in this bottle. It can kill an elephant.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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4. There isn't much flour here. I cannot make a cake.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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5. I have a lot of strength. I can carry this heavy box without any help.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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6. There wasn't much room in the car. We couldn't all get into it.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
7. We didn't have many chairs. The other people couldn't sit on.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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8. I haven't got much experience. I cannot apply for this job.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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9. There were not many cups. I couldn't make coffee for all the guests.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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10. She didn't have much courage. She couldn't criticize the Prime Minister.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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EXERCISE 187 : INFINITIVES (LET/ALLOW)
Answer the following questions using the structures below.
LET + SOMEONE + DO + SOMETHING
ALLOW + SOMEONE + TO DO + SOMETHING
BE + ALLOWED + TO DO + SOMETHING
(PASSIVE)
Example: Can you play cards at school?
No, the teachers don't let us play cards at school.
No, the teachers don't allow us to play cards at school.
No, we are not allowed to play cards at school.
1.Can you speak loudly in the library?
No, the librarian.........................................................................................................
No, the librarian ....................... .......... ..... ... .... .... ... ... ... ..... ..... .....
No, we............... ..................... .... .... .... ... ..................................................
2.Can the students of this school wear jeans at school?
No, they ..................................................................................................
No, they ..............................................................................................................
No, they .......................................................................................................
3.Did your sister go to the circus last night?
Yes, my father.......................................................................................
Yes, my father...........................................................
Yes, she ......................................................................
4.Could your brother go to the disco five years ago?
No, my parents......................................................................................................
No, my parents........................................................... .... .... ..... ..... ..... .....
No, he .................................................................................................................
5.Are you going to pick up flowers in the park?

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No, the gardener ...................................................................................................
No, the gardener................................................................................................
.No, I .....................................................................
6.Can you do bungee jumping from this bridge?
No, the police.................................................................................................................
No, the police ..................................................................................................
No, we .................................. ..... .... .... .... .... ... .... ........... .... ......... .....
7.Can your sister go to the night clubs by herself?
Yes, my parents.... .. .... .... .... .... ..... .... .. .... .... ...... ... ...... ... ....
Yes, my parents ........................................................................................................
Yes, she .................................................................................................

EXERCISE 188 : INFINITIVES (PREFERENCES)


Rewrite the following sentences using the structures below.
SUBJECT + WOULD PREFER + FULL INFINITIVE
SUBJECT + RATHER + PLAIN INFINITIVE
Example: I prefer staying at home to going to the cinema.
I would prefer to stay at home rather than go to the cinema.
I would rather stay at home than go to the cinema.

1.Rose prefers studying English to watching television.


a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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2.I prefer going swimming to playing tennis.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
3. My father prefers typing letters to writing them by hand.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
4. Many teachers prefer going on a holiday to working for extra money
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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5. My mother prefers flying to going by train.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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6.My son prefers playing chess to flying kites.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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7.My mother prefers doing the dishes to dusting the furniture.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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8.My father prefers listening to the radio to discussing political matters.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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9.My sister prefers playing the piano to playing the flute.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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10.My brother prefers studying in the morning to studying in the evening.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

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EXERCISE 189 : INFINITIVES (EXPRESSING PURPOSE)
Answer the following questions using the words in brackets. You can use the prompts on
the list if you like.

* lose weight * buy a new car


* be more successful * impress the boss
* do the shopping * catch the train
* make some tea * cash a cheque
* be able to go to sleep * Look smart
* buy some petrol * get hungry on the journey
* get a better job * make a good impression on people

Example: A: Why does your sister do bodily exercises every morning? (to)
B: My sister does bodily exercises every morning to lose weight.

1.A: Why is your father learning English? (in order to)


B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.A: What for did Monica stop at the petrol station? (to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.A: Why did Michael go to the bank? (in order to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. A: Why did David put the kettle on the electric heater? (to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. A: Why is Lisa borrowing some money? (in order to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. A: Why does Jeremy sometimes take a pill? (to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. A: Why did the children run to the train station? (in order to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. A: Why is Tom going to wear his new suit? (to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. A: Why are you going to study these books on business? (in order to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. A: Why does Diana get to work earlier than usual? (to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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11.A: Why did you take so much food? (so as not to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12.A: Why do you have to be well dressed? (so as to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13.A: Why did they hold a meeting? (so as to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EXERCISE 190 :INFINITIVES (EXPRESSING PURPOSE)


Answer the following questions using the words in bracket. You can use the prompts on
the list if you like.
* buy some milk * buy some food for her goldfish
* waste time * complete the project on time
* make new friends * break your heart
* operate the machine * investigate the case
* bring her round * disturb his room-mate
* take interest * give you a wrong impression
* reduce crime * buy a pair of glasses
Example : A: Why did Rose go to the supermarket? (in order to)
B: Rose went to the supermarket in order to buy some milk.
1. A: For what reason do people put their money in a bank? (so as to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. A; What did the government take these measures for? (in order to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. A: Why did Peter press the red button? (to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. A: For what purpose did your daughter go to London? (in order to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. A: Why are the staff working at weekends? (so as to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. A: Why didn't you say anything? (in order not to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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7. A: Why didn't the teacher say anything? (so as not to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. A: Why did Marty go to the opticians? (in order to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. A: Why did you turn the radio down? (so as not to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. A: Why did your wife join this club? (so as to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. A: Why did they start working early in the morning? (so as not to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12. A: Why did Susie go to the pet-shop? (in order to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13. A: Why did they throw water over the woman? (to)
B: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EXERCISE 191 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)


Rewrite the following sentences using a "Present Participle" for the "Adverbial Clause of
Time". Use "BEFORE" or "AFTER".
Example: After I finished my homework, I went to the cinema.
After finishing my homework, I went to the cinema.

1. After they got married, they settled in London.

2. We went to the circus after we had dinner.

3. She washed her hair before she got dressed.

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4. Before he became a dentist, he worked for a computer firm.

5. After I saw a film on Spain, I decided to go there for my summer holidays.

6. Before I had breakfast, I had a cold shower,

7. After Laura left home, she went to the cinema.

8. Before Jennifer went to bed, she drank a glass of milk.

9. After they lived in Ankara for a long time, they moved to Antalya.

10.I will settle in Istanbul after I get married to Dilara.

11. My father buys a newspaper before he has breakfast.

12.I feel very tired after I stay awake all night.

13.After I have a hot drink, I usually have a rest at home.

14.I will learn Japanese before I go to Japan.

15.I took every possibility into consideration before I went there.

16.I felt relaxed after I came back from my holiday.

17.I turned the lights off before I went out of the room.

EXERCISE 192 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)


Rewrite the following sentences using a "Present Participle Phrase" for the "Adverbial
Clauses of Time".
Examples: When the old man walks along the street, he talks to himself.
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(When) walking along the street, the old man talks to himself.
The old man talks to himself (when) walking along the street.

While my father is watching TV he falls asleep.


(While) watching TV, my father falls asleep.
My father falls asleep (while) watching TV.
Paul broke his ankle while he was playing tennis.
(While) playing tennis, Paul broke his ankle.
Paul broke his ankle (while) playing tennis.
While Peter was walking home, he saw an accident.
(while) walking home, Peter saw an accident.
Peter saw an accident (while) walking home.
After Melissa realised her mistake, she decided to correct it.
(After) realizing her mistake, Melissa decided to correct it.
Melissa decided to correct her mistake (after) realizing it.
When I leave the office, I always check my appointments.
After I get dressed, I have breakfast.
Before I leave home, I always check the doors.
My sister drinks a lot of water after she plays tennis.
While I was making the salad, I cut my finger.
After she got into her swimming costume, she ran to the river.
After Peter climbed over the prison wall, he got away by stealing a car.
When he peeped through the chinks of the wooden door, he saw the criminal.
After Pamela finished her homework, she turned on the television set.
After I worked hard all day, I found it rather difficult to walk.
As I was walking in the park, I saw a bird building a nest.
When Tony completed the course successfully, he was awarded a diploma.
When the pilot realized that he could do nothing, he jumped off the plane by parachute.
I hurt my knee while I was playing football.
Before he left the house, he put the letter in his pocket.
The fans ran into the football pitch while they were waving their scarves.
After the children chose their holiday, they made a reservation.
I slammed the door when I left the room.
As/while I was running for the bus, I came across a very old friend of mine.
Carlos was sitting at the table while he was writing the letter.
When I went to the cinema, I saw Veronica.
When Maria heard the explosion, she looked out of the window.
Margaret ate her pear while she was listening to the radio.
As / when the prisoner crossed the road, he saw the policeman.
While the man was shouting for help, he ran from the burning building.
When I am sitting in the room, I do my homework.
As / when Carol was walking down the street, she bumped into a friend of hers.
While we are chewing something, we should not talk.
Since they returned to London, they have been very busy

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Before my mother heard the news, she was very happy.

EXERCISE 193 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)


Rewrite the following sentences using a "Present Participle Phrase" for the "Adverbial
Clauses of Reason".

Example: Helen didn't go to work because she felt / was feeling ill.
Helen didn't go to work feeling ill. Feeling ill, Helen didnt go to work.
As/because I didnt understand the question, I couldnt answer it.
Not understanding the question, I couldnt answer it.
As / because I fell restless, I took a walk in the park.
Because the swimmer was gasping for breath, he was pulled from the churning water.
Since / because we finished our work early, we were free to go home.
Because George ate a good dinner, he began to feel better.
As Lora was intelligent, she learned geometry quickly.
As I didn't know where to go, I asked for directions.
As / because Mandy was ill, she stayed in hospital for ten days.
As/because I was not able to afford to take a taxi, I went home on fool.
As Peter didn't expect any letter, he was surprised to be given one.
As we were tired of waiting, we decided to go home.
Because Tom is unemployed, he hasn't got much money
As the teacher was cautious, he read the letter twice.
Since/because I was the only teacher in the village. I was in a fortunate position.
Since / because Maria heard a scream, she went out to investigate.
As he was poor, he couldnt afford to buy books.

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EXERCISE 194 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)
Combine or rewrite the following sentences using a "Present Participle Phrase"

Example: A time-bomb exploded. It killed ten students.


A time-bomb exploded killing ten students.

1. The Earth goes round the sun. The Earth rotates on its axis.

2. Janet is sitting under the tree. She is writing a love letter.

3. Julia is here. She is playing with the dogs.

4. There is a bearded man in the street. He is begging for bread.

5. There is a teacher on the floor. He is dancing with his student.

6. Paul's father died. He left all his fortune to him.

7. Maggie came back from her holiday. She felt completely refreshed.

8. My father sat up till midnight. He studied the documents I gave.

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9. Lisa is sitting beside the man. She is watching TV

10.The car turned the corner and hit a tree.

11. The factory burned down and caused many deaths.

12.He spent most of his time in Paris. He visited all the museums.

13.Tony walked out of the room. He slammed the door behind him.

14.Stella lay awake all night and recalled the events of the day.

15.The children ran down the street. They shouted and waved their hats.

16.Susan phoned and told me what she had done on her holiday.

17.I cut my hand while I was trying to open the tin.

EXERCISE 195 :PRESENT PARTICIPLES


Rewrite the following sentences using a "Present Participle Phrase" for the "Relative
Clause".

Example: The man who is looking at the beautiful girl is very handsome.
The man looking at the beautiful girl is very handsome.
There was a man who swam in the river when it was raining.
There was a man swimming in the river when it was raining.

1. The car which belongs to my uncle is more expensive than mine.

2. It was a mixture which consisted of oil and vinegar.

3. The woman who is playing tennis over there is my English teacher.

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4. There is a car which is waiting for us outside.

5. There are some children who are running towards the theatre.

6. I saw a bear which was dancing in the street.

7. The men who stayed at the Hilton hotel were all carrying guns.

8. There were a lot of children who were playing in the giant's garden.

9. There was a policeman who was shouting at the children at the top of his voice.

10.I stayed in a collage which belonged to my friend.

11. The students who don't obey the school rules must be punished.

12.It was only Michael, who was chopping wood in the garden.

13.It was our neighbour, who wanted to borrow some sugar.

14.It is Pamela, who is asking if she can use the telephone.

15.I gave the message to the man who resembles your father.

EXERCISE 196: PRESENT PARTICIPLES


Complete the following sentences with the "Present Participle" forms of the verbs on the
list below.
BUY, PUT, WANT, LEAVE, SHAKE, FEEL, FIND, HAVE, CLOSE,
TURN
1. ........................... the water off his body, the dog ran after his master.
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2. She entered the room silently..................the door softly behind her.
3. Lucy cried softly ....... her head in her hands.
4. You waste your money.......................things that nobody wants.
5. .......... .... ..........the key, he opened the door.
6. After ...................... .. a hot drink, I usually go to bed.
7. Before ...................... ....... the house, she put the letter in her handbag.
8. When.................depressed, I always spend my money on useless things.
9. Not ............................. to frighten the poor man, Rose hid in the store-room under
the stairs.
10.Not............... ............... anyone at home, Olga pushed a note through the letter-
box.
COME, KNOW, FLY, GREET, PLAY, SING, WAIT, PUT, SWIM, GO OUT
1. After ............... .............. her costume on, Eileen went downstairs to open the
door.
2. Girls usually make up their faces before ...... .... .. ......... with their boyfriends.
3. I have never heard a nightingale ............... .. .. in the forest.
4. The American pilots observed a strange object.... ....................... . in the sky
yesterday.
5. We saw three children........ .. ............... towards the shore.
6. There is a car... ................... .... . in front of the hospital.
7. There are some children ........................ ... hide and seek in the garden.
8. There was blood ........... ................. from a wound in his chest.
9. The woman ............ ................. the crowd is the wife of the Prime Minister.
10.Not.................................... quite what to do, the old woman sat down on the rock.
TAKE, SEIZE, PAY, TRAIN, CROSS, ASK, BE, OPEN, FIGHT, BELONG TO
1. .................................. furious with the referee, George started to swear.
2. Peter is having a lot of trouble ............................. his mortgage every month.
3. ............. .................. the door, Natalie found two letters on the floor.
4. People ............... .. .......... the train to Paris must go to platform three.
5. ................................ power in the country, they started to make a lot of new
reforms.
6. After ............ ................... for ten years, Julia joined the National team.
7. While................................ the street, Pamela nearly got knocked down by a bus.
8. While ............. ............... in Palestine, he was seriously wounded.
9. I stayed at the hotel .. ........................... my friend's father,
10.After. ............................ such a simple question, Fiona felt ashamed.

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EXERCISE 197 PRESENT PARTICIPLES (DIFFERENT SUBJECTS)
Combine the following sentences using a "Present Participle Phrase".

Example: The boy watched the girls. The girls were playing hide and seek.
The boy watched the girls playing hide and seek.
I am looking at the student. The student is cheating in the exam.
I am looking at the student cheating in the exam.

1. I caught the man. He was stealing money from the safe.

2. I heard Mrs. Smith. She was arguing with her husband.

3. Rose spoke to the man. He was playing tennis.

4. She noticed two men. They were working on the farm.

5. They found the dog. It was lying on the floor.

6. I heard Lynda. She was playing Beethoven's violin concerto.

7. I observed two witnesses. They were looking at the documents.

8. I felt someone. He was touching my shoulder.

9. My father saw the girl. She was playing backgammon with her friend.

10.I met Betty; she was running after her child in the street.

11. I saw Tom's spirit. It was walking beside me.

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12.We saw the children. They were opening the door.

13.I watched the men. They were destroying the furniture.

14.My father noticed the child. He was entering the courtyard.

15.The woman heard someone. He was shouting at the top of his voice.

16.The children watched the farmer. He was walking the dog in the park.

17.When he passed the ball to Renaldo, he ran towards the penalty area.

18.Because I was not told to come at nine, I arrived late.

19.As I had never studied English before, I failed (in) the exam.

20.After Paul did his homework, he went for a swim.

21.As I had left my wallet at home, I couldn't pay for the meal.

22.She finished cleaning up and then she started cooking.

23.Because he had made no profit that year, he set fire to his own factory.

24.When Daniel has typed the letter, she will go to the cinema.

25.After I had eaten lunch, I drank coffee.

26.As we had not seen each other for ages, we had a chat for hours.

27.Because I have lost my job, I am now unemployed.

28.Since / because we had never been to the city before, we bought a guide-book.

29.As / because I didn't notice the time, I missed the train.

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30.When Sandy had finished her work, she started to play the piano.

31.As / because George has worked hard, he will probably be promoted.

32.After I had eaten lunch, I went out to play football.

33.When Rain bird has typed the letter, he will go to the theatre.

34.When she found a good job, she began to look for a flat.

35.When I heard a noise in the street, I looked out of the window.

36.After she had paid at the cash desk, she left the supermarket.

EXERCISE 198 : PRESENT PARTICIPLES (DIFFERENT SUBJECTS)


Answer the following questions using a "Present Participle Phrase" for the information
given in brackets.
Example: A: What did you notice? (The rope was hanging from the ceiling.)
B: I noticed (that) the rope hanging from the ceiling.

A: What did you observe? (The two witnesses were looking at the prisoner.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did you see? (Tom was playing tennis.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did your mother hear? (The phone was ringing.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did Melissa feel? (The room was spinning round Melissa.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did the children hear? (A nightingale was singing in the forest.)
B:................................................................................................
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A: What did you spot? (A body was floating near the seashore.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did the woman observe? (A strange object was flying over the sea.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did your father notice? (Three men were swimming towards the shore.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did the teacher see? (My aunt was looking at the students strangely.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did your sister overhear? (Pamela was shouting at the secretary.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did your father smell? (The cake was burning in the kitchen.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did Mary watch? (Carmen was reading the programme at the concert.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did you listen to? (Jennifer Lopez was singing on the stage.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did your sister witness? (The man was beating the woman cruelly.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did you hear? (Helen was playing Beethovens violin concerto.)
B:................................................................................................
A: What did the policeman notice? (The criminal was crossing the street.)
B:................................................................................................

EXERCISE 199: RESENT/ PAST PARTICIPLE (AS ADJECTIVES)


Complete the following sentences with the correct participles in brackets.
Example: I am reading an .... .... ... ... article about love, (interesting/ interested)
I am reading an interesting article about love. (Present Participle)
Helga is very much .. . .......... in architecture, (interesting/interested)

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Helga is very much interested in architecture. (Past Participle)

1. I am a little bit . .. ... .. ........ About my lather's health, (worrying / worried)


2. I was very ... .. ....... ...when I arrived home, (tiring / tired)
3. It is the most...... .. ... . .. film I have ever seen, (exciting / excited)
4. The lecture was very ........... ...... ..., so a lot of people left, (boring / bored)
5. I have felt. .. ... .. .. .. ever since I left home, (depressing/depressed)
6. When I opened the door, there was a ...... . .... .... noise, (terrifying / terrified)
7. It has been an awfully .. ... ... ....... day I must sit down for a moment, (tiring/
tired)
8. She was ............... .. .. with her son when he failed the test, (annoying/ annoyed)
9. The teacher was quite ....... ... .... ... with my progress, (satisfying /satisfied)
10.What is the ........ ..... .. .. point of this metal? (breaking /broken)
11. Rose was very .. ........ ...... about her new job. (boring/bored)
12.The capacity of this man for hard work is .................. . .. . (amazing/ amazed)
13.The..... ... ... .. child didn't know what to do. (terrifying/ terrified)
14.I was . .... .. ..........when I saw a man walking on the roof. (amazing/amazed)
15.My father was repairing the ..... ... .. .. chair in the garden, (breaking/ broken)
16.He told us funny stories but they weren't very .. ... .... ........ (amusing / amused)
17.Kate looked .... .. .... .. .... rather than pleased, (embarrassing/embarrassed)
18.I have just heard some ............. ... .... .. news about her. (worrying/worried)
19.When I feel .... .. ................. I always go to the cinema, (depressing / depressed)
20.It was.... .... ... ......... to see how little had been done, (disheartening/
disheartened)
21.You will be ................. .. by the beauty of the city, (enchanting /enchanted)
22.It was a very ....... ... ... ... experience for a small child, (frightening / frightened)
23.I am very ... .. .. ... . with the results, (pleasing/pleased)
24.The epidemic is spreading at an ......... .... ..... rate, (alarming / alarmed)
25.The possibility that I might lose my job is very . .... ..... ....... (worrying/worried)
26.Thank you very much for a very ............... .. .. presentation, (interesting/
interested)
27.We are ....... ... .. .. to hear about this new project, (exciting /excited)
28.We were all... .. ... ...... ... by your joke at the party (amusing /amused)
29.There was an ................ .. smile on her face, (enchanting /enchanted)
30.Mary was very ....... ... ..... ... and she wanted to go to bed. (tiring/ tired)
31.I was ................. .. .... of the man I saw in the street, {frightening/ frightened)
32.It wasnt. .. ......... .. performance by a young musician, (astonishing/
astonished)

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EXERCISE 200: PERFECT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)
Rewrite the following sentences using a "Perfect Participle Phrase" for the ''Adverbial
Clauses of Reason".
Examples: As/because John worked hard all day, he got tired.
Having worked hard all day, John got tired
Because I was not told to come at nine, I arrived late.
Not having been told to come at nine, I arrived late.
As/because I had never studied English before, I failed the exam.
Never having studied English before, I failed the exam.
1. As/because I had left my wallet at home, I couldn't pay for die meal.

2. Since/because I have lost my job, I am now unemployed.

3. Because I had La ugh I my son to swim. I let him go swimming alone.

4. As/because we had not seen each other for ages, we had a chat for hours.

5. Since/because we had never been to the city before, we bought a guide-book.

6. As/because George has worked hard, he will probably be promoted-

7. I didn't see the letter. I didn't know what ii was about.

8. As/because he had drunk too much at the party Johnny had a terrible headache.

9. As/because he had been warned that bad weather lay ahead, he changed course.

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10. As/because I was deeply shocked, I made up my mind not to speak to her again.

11. Jane forgot to lake her book. She is unhappy now.

12. Tom had broken his leg. He didn't take part in the tennis tournament.

13. I had broken her heart. I went back to apologize.

14. As/because I didn't notice the Time, I missed the train.

15. Since/because I didn't have any money, I couldn't go to the concert with her.

EXERCISE 201 PERFECT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)


Combine or rewrite the following sentences using a "Perfect Participle Phrase" for the
"Adverbial Clauses of Time and Reason.
Examples: After I have talked to my father, I led much better.
(After) having talked to my father, I felt much better.
When Isabel saw the police, she got frightened.
Having seen the police, Isabel got frightened.
As / because Sabrina finished the job, she gave a sigh of relief.
Having finished the job, Sabrina gave a sigh of relief,
I didn't see the letter. I didnt know what it was about.
Not having seen the letter, I didnt know what it was about.

1. As/because I have acted upon your recommendation, I have decided to be a

pilot.

2. Tom had broken his leg. He didn't take part in the tournament.

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3. I have broken her heart. I went back to apologize.

4. Matilda saw her ex-husband. She became worried.

5. Jack had taken off his overalls and now wore a suit.

6. Once / when she had said good bye to Gila, she packed her bags.

7. My mother gave Melanie her breakfast and then watched her eat it.

8. As I spent the whole afternoon watching TV, I didnt manage 10 finish my

homework.

9. When I had spent all my money, I asked my brother to lend me some.

10. The postman was out of breath after he had run so far.

11. As I drank some coffee last night, I couldnt go to sleep until three in the

morning.

12. As I have lived in Hong Kong for twelve years, I have a wide knowledge of

China.

13. After he had eaten so much at dinner, he suffered from indigestion.

14. After I had made a reasonable amount of money, I didnt need to do any more

work.

15. As/because Sheila had worked all day, she got tired.

EXERCISE 202 : PERFECT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)


Rewrite the following sentences using a "Perfect Participle Phrase" for the "Adverbial
337
Clauses of Time".
(WHEN /AFTER) + HAVING + PAST PARTICIPLE
Example: Linda saw the police. She became worried.
Having seen the police, Linda became worried.
When Isabel saw the police, she got frightened.
Having seen the police, Isabel got frightened.
After Daniel had finished her dinner, she paid the bill.
(After) having finished her dinner, Daniel paid the bill.

1. After I had eaten lunch, I went out to play football.

2. After Janine had done her shopping, she went for a swim.

3. When Rainbird has typed the letter, he will go to the theatre.

4. When she found a good job, Emily began to look for a flat.

5. When I heard a noise in the street, I looked out of the window.

6. When I found the front door open, I became suspicious.

7. After I looked up their number in the phone book, I phoned again.

8. Alter she paid / had paid at the cash desk, she left the supermarket.

9. When he passed the ball to Peter, he ran towards the penalty area.

10.Alter I have talked to my father, I feel much better.

11. Melinda saw her ex-husband. She became worried.

12.After I had finished decorating, I felt completely exhausted.

13.After the judge heard both sides, he gave his verdict.

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14.When the woman got off the bus, she saw a man with a bear.

EXERCISE 203 : PRESENT/PERFECT PARTICIPLES (SAME SUBJECTS)


Rewrite the following sentences using either a "Present Participle Phrase" or a "Perfect
Participle Phrase"
Example: Present Participle:
I was going to the bus-stop. I met an old friend.
Going to the bus-stop, I met an old friend.
Perfect Participle or Present Participle:
I finished my homework. I went to the cinema.
Having finished my homework, I went to the cinema.
Finishing my homework, I went to the cinema.

1. I watched the discussion about boxing on TV I made up my mind not to be boxer.

2. He stole the silver cup. He looked for a place to hide.

3. I stood at the rear window. I used a pair of binoculars.

4. I knew that he was poor. I offered him a proper job.

5. I heard that the caves were dangerous. I didn't want to go any further without a

gun.

6. I knew that he was hard of hearing. I shouted to him at the top of my voice.

7. She believed that she could trust him. She gave him the cheque.

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8. I was very tired. I went straight to bed.

9. Rose complained loudly. She asked the man to wait until she came back.

10.I found him sick. I sent him to (the) hospital right away.

11. I spent three years with him in Paris. I knew what he was interested in.

12.I made up my mind. I got married to the girl I loved.

13.She sat down in the kitchen. She drank her coffee.

14.James came back from his run. He felt good.

EXERCISE 204 : PRESENT/PERFECT PARTICIPLES (DIFFERENT


SUBJECTS)
Combine or rewrite the following sentences using a "Present or Past Participle Phrase".
Notice that the subjects of the two clauses and sentences are different, so we cannot omit
the subjects in the Participle Clauses.
Example: Present Participle:
As (he dog was barking furiously, Silva threw a stone at it.
The dog barking furiously, Silva threw a stone at it.
Perfect Participle:
After her father left/had left the house, I told them the truth.
Her father having left the house, I told them the truth.

1. The restaurant was closed, so we had to go to another one.

2. The bus had gone. I offered her a lift.

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3. The children were not sleepy, so we decided to stay a little longer at the party

4. My clothes had been returned to me. I was free to go.

5. The bus drivers were on strike, so we decided to walk to work.

6. The chair leg was in my hand. I stammered an apology.

7. Our clothes were wet, so we decided to sit by the fire.

8. Tears were rolling down her face. Helga screamed more loudly.

9. The job had been done. I left the house.

10.My son had taken the car. We were forced to travel by car.

11. Maria was ordered to stand for several hours. I soon grew weary waiting for her.

12.The crowds cheered. The royal party drove to die palace.

13.Since / because Natalie had broken her leg, the doctor sent her to hospital.

14.After the fire had been extinguished, the firemen departed.

EXERCISE 205 : PRESENT/PAST PARTICIPLES


Complete the sentences with the "Present Participle" or "Past Participle" forms of the
"verbs" in brackets.
Example : Present Participle:
It is the most..................................... film I've ever seen, (excite)
It is the most exciting film I've ever seen.
Past Participle:
He became very ...................................... about the Cup Final, (excite)
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He became very excited about the Cup Final.
1. We found her .......................................... music in the attic, (listen to)
2. The protestors marched down the street...................................... banners, (wave)
3. The two people ...................................... in the accident are still in a critical
condition, (injure)
4. Not...................................... to create a scene, she waited until her husband came,
(want)
5. The town ...................................... for the next Olympics was one nobody had
expected, (choose)
6. The man ...................................... to repair the television set was useless, (send)
7. He looked at her hard,...................................... her face, (study)
8. Rosemary was in the West Indies ...................................... some friends, (visit)
9. He went into the kitchen ...................................... his coffee, (drink)
10. Not having ...................................... her for many years, I cried with joy. (see)
11. Here is a letter ...................................... by your ex-husband, (write)
12. ...................................... a teacher, you are used to this kind of exercise, (be)
13. Natalie came into my study ...................................... a Russian song, (sing)
14. The concert.................................... by the Orchestra was a great success,
(conduct)
15. Rose was sitting there ..................................... the teacher in admiration, (stare
at)
16. It is a temporary delay ...................................... by the weather, (cause)
17. The student...................................... to the hospital is very poor, (take)
18. The play which I saw was very ....................................... (interest)
19. The woman ...................................... in the house was crying with fear, (trap)
20. The ...................................... child was waiting in front of the house, (cry)
21. After the exhaustive search, they found the ...................................... children,
(miss)
22. Anyone ...................................... by a strange dog should see the doctor, (bite)
23. Most of the people ...................................... to the party were old friends, (invite)
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24. There is a student...................................... at the board, (yawn)
25. What Mary said was very ....................................... (touch)
26. I was trying to save the ...................................... child, (drown)
27. Many children take part in plays ...................................... by their school,
(organise)
28. I don't know the number of the books ....................................... (order)
EXERCISE 206 :EXPRESSING SIMILARITIES (SO/NEITHER)
Write a short response using "SO" or "NEITHER" to agree with each of the following
statements. Use the words in brackets and the necessary "Auxiliary Verbs".
Examples: My father speaks English well. (I) ...................
My father speaks English well. So do I.
I go to the cinema every week, (my father) ...................................................
I go to the cinema every week. So does my father.
Melissa wrote the sentence on the board.
(Kathleen) ...................................................
Melissa wrote the sentence on the board. So did Kathleen.
My sister doesn't smoke. (I) ...................................................
My sister doesn't smoke. Neither do I.
I didn't have breakfast this morning, (my
sister) ...................................................
I didn't have breakfast this morning. Neither did my sister.

1. Our English teacher is very rich, (my father) ...................................................

2. This book isn't very interesting. (Helen's book) ...................................................

3. I will spend my holidays on the island, (my

parents) ...................................................

4. We cannot speak English very well, (the teacher) ...................................................

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5. My father was in the Turkish Navy, (ray children) ...................................................

6. I wasn't very happy when I was in London, (my

friends) ...................................................

7. Betty had an accident yesterday. (I) ...................................................

8. I have been to London many times, (my uncle) ...................................................

9. The teacher isn't interested in history, (the

students) ...................................................

10.I couldnt understand the teacher yesterday.

(Matilda) ...................................................

11. My father is a generous man. (mine) ...................................................

12.I am not going to the cinema tonight, (we) ...................................................

13.f have a terrible headache. (Hilda) ...................................................

14.My father doesn't like sitting in the sun. (they) ...................................................

15.We were sitting in the kitchen at six oclock, (my

father) ...................................................

16.I am going to complain to the principal. (Mandy) ...................................................

17.The students are listening to the news, (the

teacher) ...................................................

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18.Jane has just graduated from school. (Angela and

Kate) ...................................................

19.I have an appointment with the dentist, (my

mother) ...................................................

20.We didn't enjoy the film last night. (Natalie) ...................................................

21.She doesn't have any time to play tennis, (you) ...................................................

22.They were looking for the lost sheep, (we) ...................................................

23.Belinda will go to Germany next month, (they) ...................................................

24.We didn't have a good time at the party. (Betty) ...................................................

25.I couldn't speak English when I was five, (my

sister) ...................................................

345
EXERCISE 207 :EXPRESSING SIMILARITIES (EITHER/NEITHER)
Complete the following sentences using "EITHER" or "NEITHER" and the necessary
"Auxiliary Verbs".
Example: A: I don't like walking in the rain.
B: I dont, either. Neither do I.
A: I am not listening to the radio.
B: My mother isn't, either. Neither is my mother.

A: My father doesn't speak French.


B: William's
father .....................................................................................................................................
....,

A: I didn't see the accident.


B: We ..............................................................................

A: I can't run very fast.


B: My sister .............................................................

A: We will not send the flowers to Rose.


B: The
children .................................................................................................................................
...................

A: My English teacher isn't fond of pop music.


B:
Mine ....................................................................................................................................

A: They couldn't understand the teacher.


B: Steve
Martin ....................................................................................................................................
....

A: I have never been to Japan in my life.


B: Tom

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Carol.......................................................................................................................................
...

A: Cathy wasn't dancing at the party when I got there.


B: Barbara ..............................................

A: Angela hadn't learned Turkish before she went to Turkey.


B:
You ........................................................................................................................................
............

A: They shouldn't cross the street without looking both sides.


B: Your mother ......................................................................................

A: Veronica was not looking at the paintings on the wall.


B: Patricia .............................................................................

A: My father didn't get up early this morning.


B: My
children .................................................................................................................................
...........

A: They are not jumping up and down on the bed.


B: I...........................................

A: Helen was not in Paris last year.


B: My sister ........................................................................................................

A: My English teacher will not be very happy if she goes to Paris.


B: The
principal.................................................................................................................................
...................

EXERCISE 208 : CHOICES OR ALTERNATIVE (EITHER ... OR)


Answer the following questions using the "EITHER ... OR" in order to express a Choice
or Alternative.
Examples: A: Are you going to learn French or Spanish.
B: I don't know. I am going to learn either French or Spanish.
A: Will you go to the cinema or stay at home?
B: I am not sure. I will either go to the cinema or stay at home.

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A: Which one will tell the truth, your sister or your brother?
B: I am not certain. Either my sister or my brother will tell the
truth.
1.A: Must I tell you the truth or go to jail?
B:...............................................................................................
2. A: Can I have tea or coffee?
B:..................................................................................
3. A: Must the students come to school on Monday or Tuesday?
B: .... ..... ... ........ ... ... ... ...................................................
4. A: Shall we go to Ankara by plane or by bus?
B: ..... .. ..... ... ... ... ..... .. ...............................................
5. A: Can I play tennis or basketball?
B: ..................................................................... ...... ...
6. A: Is Lara going to spend her holidays in Italy or in Spain?
B: .................................. .. ........ ...... ... ..... ........ ........... .....
7. A: Are the students at home or in the garden?
B:.............................................. ... .. .... .. .... .. .. .... .... ...
8. A: Is Sandra studying English or Russian?
B:........................................................................
9. A: Which one will meet you at the airport, Martha or Julia?
B: ................. .. ..... ... .. ... ..................
10. A: Are you going to buy a car or a motorbike?
B:..........................................................................
11. A: Should we go to Antalya or Bodrum for our summer holidays?
B:.......................................................................
12. A: What do you think that I should do, study my lessons or go to the party wilh Jane?
B:.........................................................................................
13. A: Which of your brothers will go to university, George or David?
B: ............................................................................
14. A: Are you going to get married to Lillian or Monica?
B: ........ .. ..... .. .... .... .... ...
15.A: Will you go swimming or study for your exam?
B: ...... ..... ... ... .... .... ... .. .. ..... ... ..... ... ...

348
EXERCISE 209 : NEITHER ... NOR
Combine or rewrite the following sentences using "NEITHER ... NOR".
Example: Tom is not a good husband. He is not a good father, either.
Tom is neither a good husband nor a good father.
Kate doesn't like fish. Her father doesn't like fish, either.
Neither Kate nor her father likes fish.
I dont like beer and I don't smoke, either.
I neither like beer, nor do I smoke.

1. Anne didn't pass the test. Susan didn't pass the test, either.

2. I don't like cheese for breakfast. My wife doesn't, either.

3. Lora cannot speak Russian. She cannot speak French, either.

4. I havent read the book. I havent seen the play, either.

5. Julia hasn't eaten anything and she hasn't drunk anything, either.

6. They didn't allow her to go to the disco. They didn't allow her to go to the party,

either.

7. I didn't see the teacher. I didn't write a letter to him, either.

8. The teacher doesn't play tennis. The children don't play tennis, either.

9. I don't know the teacher. My father doesn't know the teacher, either.

10.Jennifer hasn't got a Mazda. She hasn't got a Toyota, either.

11. I was not hungry. I was not thirsty, either.

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12.I cannot make a cake. I cannot make an omelette, either.

13.My sister doesn't like pop music. My brother doesn't, either.

14.Istanbul is not in Africa. Samsun is not in Africa, either.

15.I dont go to church. I don't go to mosque, either

EXERCISE 210 : NOT ONLY... BUT ALSO


Answer the following questions using "NOT ONLY ... BUT ALSO ".
Example : A: You speak Spanish. Do you also speak French?
B: Yes, I speak not only Spanish but also French.
A: You locked the door. Did you secure the windows as well?
B: Not only did I lock the door, but I also secured the windows.
A: Turkish people are very hospitable. Are they friendly, too?
B: Yes, ..... ... .. ....................... .. ... ... ................ .... .... ....................... .... ...
........
A: Your parents like classical music. Do they like pop music, too?
B:
Yes, ..................... ... .... .. ... .. .... ...................... .. .... .. .... ... ... ...................
...........
A; You lost your wallet. Did you lose your keys, too?
B:
Yes, ..... .. .... ................................. ... ... .. ... ................................. .... .. .. ..
..
A: Olga failed in chemistry Did she also fail in literature?
B:
Yes, ... .... .. ... ................................. .... .... ... ... .... . .............................. .... ...
....

350
A: Michael is very handsome. Is he very rich, too?
B:
Yes, .......... .... ... ... .. ... .. ................................... .. ..... ..... .... .... .. . ..................... ..
..
A: You visited the National Gallery Did you visit the London Tower, too?
B: Yes, .. ... ........ ............................................... .... ...... ......................................
... ..
A: Your sister made her bed. Did she also do her homework?
B:
Yes, .......... .. .... .. .................................. ... ... ... .. .. .... ... .. .......................
..
A: You returned the money Did you pay interest, too ?
B:
Yes, ................ .................. .............................. . ... ... ......... .. .. ......................
...
A: Your sister plays the piano very well. Does she play the violin very well, too ?
B:
Yes, .... ... ................................................ .... ... .... ................................ .. .... .... .
... ... ........
A: You have written the letters. Have you posted them, too?
B:
Yes, ........................... .... ...... .. .... ...... ..................... .. . .. ..... .........................
...... ....
A: Miranda passed her exam. Did she get a very good mark, too ?
B:
Yes, ................ ......................... .. .. .. ............................. .. .. .. .. ................
.
A: You speak German very well. Do you speak Italian very well, too ?
B: Yes, ... ............ .............................. ....... .................................... .. ....... ........
.........
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A: You are angry1 with me. Are you angry with my wife, too?
B:
Yes, ................................ .. .. .. .. ............................ .. .. .....................................
...... .
A: You were a very good singer. Were you a very good pianist, too ?
B: Yes, .... ... .. ..... ....... ...... ................... .. ... .... .............. .. ..... .... ... ... ...
A: Your father is very rich. Is your father very generous, too?
B: Yes,. ......................... .. .. .. .. ....... ........ ....... ... ... ... . ............ ........ ... ..
... .
EXERCISE 211 : NOT ONLY ... BUT ALSO
Combine or rewrite the following sentences using "NOT ONLY ... BUT ALSO".
Example: Maria has been awarded a prize. Lisa has been awarded a prize, too.
Not only Maria but also Lisa has been awarded a prize.
Isabella is lazy. She is dishonest, too.
Not only is Isabella lazy but she is also dishonest.

1. Julia invited her parents to the party. She invited her friends to the party, too.

2. Peter was a well-known detective. He became a successful writer, too.

3. Roger is a champion athlete. He is a first-class musician, too.

4. Sandra can speak Portuguese. She can speak Spanish, too.

5. Caroline is getting married this month. Pamela is getting married this month, too.

6. The restaurant is dirty. The food is awful.

7. This hotel is very expensive and the waiters are rude.

8. Mandy has helped a lot of people. She has donated a lot of money to charity, too.

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9. Melissa made a lot of mistakes. She avoided using verbs in her composition.

10.Jennifer Lopez sings and dances.

11. This exercise is tedious. It is hard, too.

12.Paul smashed a window. He damaged the television set, too.

13.This car is fast. It is economical, too.

14.Smith washed the car. He polished the car, too.

15.This encyclopedia is cheap. It is informative, too.

16.You are funny. You are actually witty, too.

EXERCISE 212 : ASKING FOR PERMISSION


Rewrite the following sentences using the structures when we are asking for permission
as in the examples below.
Examples: I want to close the window.
May I close the window?
Might I close the window?
Can I close the window?
Could I close the window?
Do you mind if I close the window?
Would you mind if I closed the window?
Is it all right with you if I close the window?
Would it be all right if I closed the window?
Do you object to my closing the window?
Do you raise any objection to my closing the window?

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Do you have any objection to my closing the window?
1. I want to play the piano.
. ?
. ?
. ?
. ?
. ?
. ?
. ?
. ?
. ?
. ?
. ?

2. I want to go to the cinema with my friend tonight.


3. I want to play hide and seek with my friends in the garden.
4. I want to turn the radio up a little bit.
5. I want to take a picture of the villa.

EXERCISE 213: MAKING SUGGESTIONS


"Make Suggestions" using the sentences given in the imperative form as in the examples
below.
Examples: Have a picnic on the island this weekend.
Let's have a picnic on the island this weekend.
Let's have a picnic on the island this weekend, shall we?
Shall we have a picnic on the island this weekend?
What about having a picnic on the island this weekend?
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How about having a picnic on the island this weekend?
Why don't we have a picnic on the island this weekend?
Why not have a picnic on the island this weekend?
We could have a picnic on the island this weekend?
I suggest that we have a picnic on the island this weekend.
I suggest that we (should) have a picnic on the island this weekend.
I suggest having a picnic on the island this weekend.
1. Go to the cinema tonight.
............................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................ ...............
............................................................................................................................................. ..............................
.............................................................................................................................. .............................................
............................................................................................................... ............................................................
................................................................................................ ...........................................................................
................................................................................. ..........................................................................................
.................................................................. .........................................................................................................
................................................... ........................................................................................................................
.................................... .......................................................................................................................................
..................... ......................................................................................................................................................
...... ............................................................................................................................................................ ........
....................................................................................................................................................
2. Visit the Topkapi palace on Sunday.
3. Go for a walk in the park.
4. Go dancing with the girls tonight.
5. Climb up the mountain tomorrow.
6. Buy some flowers for our teacher.
7. Have a cocktail party in your house.
8. Play tennis on Saturday morning.
9. Have a drink at the soda fountain.
10.Fight against the cruel Serbs.

EXERCISE 214: MAKING POLITE REQUESTS


355
Make "Polite Requests" using the sentences given in the "Imperative Form" as in the
examples below.
Examples : Open the window.
Open the window, please.
Please open the window.
Open the window, will you?
Will you open the window, please?
Will you please open the window?
Would you open the window, please?
Would you please open the window?
Can you open the window, please?
Can you please open the window?
Could you open the window, please?
Could you please open the window?
Do you mind opening the window, please?
Would you mind opening the window, please?
Will / Would you be kind enough to open the window?
Will / Would you be so land as to open the window?
Would it possible for you to open the window?
Do you think that you could possibly open the window?
I wonder if you could kindly open the window?
I wonder if you would mind opening the window?
I was wondering if you could open the window?
I will appreciate it if you will open the window?
I would appreciate it you would / could open the window?
1. Tell me the time.
2. Show me the way to the train station.
3. Take the dog for a walk in the afternoon.
4. Write your name on the board.
5. Help me with my homework.
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6. Raise your voice.
7. Turn your radio down a little bit.
8. Take this book to the teacher.
9. Check my tyres while I wait.
10. Leave your camera at the desk.
11. Explain the subject to the students.
EXERCISE 215: MAKING AN OFFER
Rewrite the following sentences using "Shall I...?" as in the example below.
Example : Do you want me to do the shopping for you?
Shall I do the shopping for you?
Would you like me to help you with your homework?
Shall I help you with your homework?

1. Do you want me to lock the door?

2. Would you like me to write the questions on the board?

3. Do you want me to iron your shirt?

4. Would you like me to type the letter for you?

5. Do you want me to pick some flowers for you?

6. Would you like me to explain the lesson once again?

7. Do you want me to move the furniture?

8. Would you like me to feed the cat?

9. Do you want me to write down the telephone number?

10.Would you like me to count the books on the shelf?

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11. Do you want me to open the windows?

12.Would you like me to turn the lights on?

13.Do you want me to take your car to the garage?

14.Would you like me to carry these boxes for you?

15.Do you want me to explain the meaning of this poem?

16.Would you like me to water the flowers in the garden?

EXERCISE 216 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (SUBJECTIVE CASE)


Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause".
Use the Relative Pronouns "WHO", "WHICH" or "THAT".
Example: The man will be very rich. The man won the first prize last week.
The man who won the first prize last week will be very rich.

1. The girl is very beautiful. She is sitting next to me.

2. The girl is my Talker's secretary. The girl had an accident yesterday

3. The clerk doesn't work here anymore. He was the most impolite person in the

world.

4. The boy threw a stone at me. He has just gone to the cinema with his friend.

5. The woman is in love with my brother. She has been living in Italy for a long time.

6. The man rushed into the bank. He was wearing a silk slocking over his face.

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7. The article was about the Turkish troops in Iraq. It was criticized by the press.

8. The books are lying on the table. They are very interesting. .

9. The man has been arrested by the police. He lives on the third floor.

10.The woman cannot play tennis very well. She has poor eyesight.

11. The fire started on the third floor. It destroyed the whole building.

12.The aeroplane frightened the students. It was flying very low over the school.

13.The story was very amusing. It was told by my teacher yesterday.

14.The doctor is on holiday now. He usually attends my mother.

15.The roads will he blocked with snow soon. They lead to Artvin.

16.The men have been put in prison. They shot the seals last week.

EXERCISE 217: DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (SUBJECTIVE CASE)


Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause".
Use the Relative Pronouns "WHO", "WHICH" or "THAT".
Example: I know the girls. The girls went to Paris last week.
I know the girls who went to Paris last week.

1. I saw the woman. The woman dropped her purse on the bus yesterday.

2. I visited the man. The man used to live with my family years ago.

3. I am going to get married to the man. He went to London on business last week.
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4. Where can I catch the bus? It goes to Piccadilly Circus.

5. They put the blame on the woman. She was seen getting on a train two days ago.

6. The robber pointed his gun at the clerk. The clerk was at the party last night.

7. Our neighbour saw the thief. The thief was wearing blue jeans.

8. I have a friend. He has been running a shop in Athens for a long time.

9. My friend lives in a house. The house is on the river.

10. The policeman is looking for a man. The man left his car in front of the hospital.

11. My teacher gets impatient with the students. They are uninterested and

inattentive.

12. Peter took the place of the performer. He had been injured in a car accident.

13. The train was crowded with the students. They were all very friendly.

14. The police are looking for a woman. She is thought to be very dangerous.

15. This method was widely used to cure the patients. They were mentally ill.

16. I have a friend. He has never been to the cinema in his life.

EXERCISE 218 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (OBJECTIVE CASE)


Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause".
Use the Relative Pronouns "WHO", "WHOM1', "WHICH" or "THAT".

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Example: The man is rolling in money. You see the man over there.
The man (who / whom) you see over there is rolling in money.

1. The woman has just deserted me. I got married to the woman for her money.

2. The pictures have been stolen by a thief. The woman painted them on the island.

3. The woman has gone to live in Spain. I met the woman at a party a few weeks

ago.

4. The girl is my sister. You have just told her the story.

5. The ring was not diamond. My friend bought the ring for his sweetheart,

6. The (flowers smell very nice. I cut them this morning.

7. The girl was a teacher. I introduced the girl to my family the other day.

8. The money should be spent on food. They will spend the money on drink.

9. The man was a sales representative. I talked to him in the shop a few days ago.

10.The woman has been given the job. They interviewed the woman yesterday.

11. The drugs only exacerbated the pain. The doctor gave the drugs to me yesterday.

12.The film was terrible. We saw the film last week.

13.The little girl was very poor. The sailors found her on a deserted island the other

day.

14.The novels are very difficult to read. He wrote the novels late in life.

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15.The sights interested him a great deal. The sailors saw the sights in Istanbul.

16.The houses are very expensive. My father wanted to buy them last week.

EXERCISE 219 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (OBJECTIVE CASE)


Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause".
Use the Relative Pronouns "WHO", "WHOM", "WHICH" or "THAT".
Example: I love the teacher. You saw the teacher in the park the other day,
I love the teacher (who / whom) you saw in the park the other day.

1. I am in love with the woman. I saw the woman at the theatre last week.

2. I will sell the antiques. I found them in my grandmother's attic.

3. Everybody knows the girl. You met her at the party last night.

4. I am cross with the girl. My father advised her to see a doctor right away.

5. I am riding on the animal. My father bought it last week.

6. I had a row with the girl. I gave her a colourful book last week.

7. I cannot find the book. I was reading it last night.

8. I didn't like the present. John gave it to me yesterday.

9. I like the sweater. My mother made it for me.

10. My father hung the picture on the wall. He had painted it when he was on

the island.
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11. Mary has a bicycle. She rides it every weekend.

12. Helen has lost the ruler. She bought it yesterday.

13. I am wearing the shoes. My uncle bought them for me last week.

14. The woman pointed her gun at the doctor. I met the doctor at the airport last

night.

15. She told us a story. I didn't believe it.

16. Someone has stolen the pencil I laid it on the table a few minutes ago.

EXERCISE 220 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (POSSESSIVE CASE)


Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause".
Use the Relative Pronoun "WHOSE".
Example : The girl is my daughter. You heard her beautiful voice yesterday.
The girl whose beautiful voice you heard yesterday is my daughter.

1. The little boy couldn't go to school. His arm was broken last week.

2. Lucy got married to a man. His family lives in Madrid.

3. The lady went to Barcelona. Her villa was sold at a low price last week.

4. The man is a war hero. His father was sent to prison last week.

5. The old man lived alone. His house was broken into last night.

6. The girl cried bitterly. Her doll got broken last night.
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7. The man must be worried. I found his keys on the floor yesterday.

8. The car will be sold at a low price. Its owner is a famous play-wright.

9. I have seen the car. They had smashed up its fenders.

10.The policeman speaks French wonderfully. His family stayed in France for four

years.

11. The lady has just bought a dog. I am staying at her house.

12.The car was hit by a driver. Its insurance had expired a short time ago.

13.He has written a book. I have completely forgotten its name.

14.The man seems to be very happy. His house is full of children.

15.The man has gone to Paris. I visited his house the other day.

16.The girl was saving money to go to the Netherlands. Her father works in a bank.

EXERCISE 221 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES


Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause" Use
the Relative Adverb "WHERE".
Example: This is the hotel. My parents stayed there (at the hotel) last year.
This is the hotel where my parents stayed last year.
This is the hotel at which my parents stayed last year.
This is the hotel which my parents stayed at last year.

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1. I am eager to visit the house. Mustafa Kemal Atatrk was born there.

2. The shop was full of people yesterday. We bought the camera there.

3. The restaurant will be sold at a very high price. We spent the night there.

4. I am fond of the city. We had such a good time there.

5. The old man went to the hospital. His son is working there as a doctor.

6. I cannot remember the address. I sent the package there.

7. The room was very dark. The exam was being given there.

8. We went to the island. We lived there for a couple of weeks last year.

9. We had a cellar underneath the house. My mother used to do the washing there.

10.We went to the dining-room. My sister was busy setting the table there.

11. The house has been demolished. I spent my childhood there.

12.The hospital is a very good one. My father was treated there last year.

13.I would like to return to the town. I was born there.

14.Could you tell me the nearest place? They sell stamps there.

15.The child was abandoned in the forest. He was at the mercy of the beasts there.

EXERCISE 222 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES


Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause".
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Use the Relative Adverb "WHEN".
Example: July is the month. The weather is usually the hottest then.
July is the month when (in which) the weather is usually the hottest.

1. It is the hour of the day. All the activities slow clown then.

2. We went to the island in May. All trees blossom then.

3. He came to Turkey in 1998. His company opened a new office then.

4. The day was very windy. You last saw Mary then.

5. I remember the morning. The soldiers left the city then.

6. Last summer was the time. I learned how to swim then.

7. The time hasn't been set yet. The exam is going to be given then.

8. Tom studied about the period. The discovery was made then.

9. I will never forget the time. George came to school then.

10.Can you suggest a time? It will be convenient to meet then.

11. It was the day. My mother saw a lemon tree for the first time then.

12.That was the day. I got my first job then.

13.She has been having problems since the day. My grandmother died then.

14.My father was visiting the town on the day. The war broke out then.

15.1960 was the year. Our wedding took place then (in that year).

16.Sunday is the day. I get up late then.


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EXERCISE 223 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (PREPOSITIONS)
Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause".
Use the Relative Pronouns "WHO", "WHOM", "WHICH" or "THAT".
Example: The girl lives in Paris. I am in love with the girl.
The girl (who / whom) I am in love with lives in Paris.
The girl with whom I am in love lives in Paris.
1.The school was founded in the fifteenth century. My children go to it.
a..........................................................................................................
b.........................................................................................................................
2. The car had been stolen. The robbers got away in it.
a..............................................................................................................................................
...................
b..............................................................................................................................................
.......................
3. The man gave me different information. I spoke to him this morning.
a..............................................................................................................................................
..............
b......................................................................................................................
4. The hospital enjoys a good reputation. I am employed in the hospital.
a..............................................................................................................................................
............ b.......................................................................................................................
5. My father is using a computer. I am not familiar with it.
a...........................................................................................................
b........................................................................................................................................
6. The chair is not comfortable. You are silting on it now.
a..............................................................................................................................................
...................
b..............................................................................................................................................
.......................
7. The girl comes from Italy. I shared the room with her when 1 was in London.
a.....................................................................................................
b..............................................................................................................................
8. The room is on the second floor. We study in the room.
a..............................................................................................................................................
.......
b..............................................................................................................................................
.......................
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9. I want to buy the book. Everybody is talking about it.
a..............................................................................................................................................
..........
b..............................................................................................................................................
.......................
10.The club is very expensive. Many entertainers belong to it.
a..............................................................................................................................................
.........
b.................................................................................................................................
11.The man has got married again. I bought this car from him last month.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
12.The woman has left for Paris today. You were sitting next to her at the cinema.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
13.The elephant was brought from India. The children were riding on it half an hour ago.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
14.The hook belongs to my brother. You took a page out of the book.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
15.The city has a lot of interesting places. We are now flying over the city.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
16.The house will be on sale pretty soon. They are looking at the house.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
17.The man is my uncle. Mary spoke of him a minute ago.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

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19.Can you show me the house? Atatrk was born and brought up in it.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
20.The part of the city was near the castle. I was talking about it last night.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
21.The man is very old. We often go to him for advice.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
22.The girl is still unmarried. Some of the children take piano lessons from her.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
23.The address was wrong. Melissa sent the letter to the address.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
24.The officer has just got married. We were having a chat with him at the party.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
25.The treaty was signed yesterday. We have been talking about it for days.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
26.All the efforts were useless. He was very proud of them.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
27.The project was cancelled. My sister was working on it.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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-----------
28.The train was very crowded. We were travelling on/in it yesterday.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
29.I enjoyed the music. I listened to it last night.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
30.The vehicle was involved in a road accident. The goods were being transported in it.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
31.The thing was really of little importance. You were arguing about it.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
32.We regret to inform you that the book is unobtainable. You inquired about it,
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
33. The house is in need of considerable repair. I live in it.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
34.The house had just caught fire. The people ran out of it.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
35.The hotel is located in the centre of Rome. You are going to stay at it.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
36- The students are from Morocco. My brother is in close contact with them,
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

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b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
37- The lady is my aunt. I introduced you to her the other day.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
38. It was Helen. William borrowed the money from her.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
39. The documents appear to have been mislaid. You refer to them.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
40. The man is ill today. I usually drive to work with him.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
41. It was John. We had to wait for him so long.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
42. The woman pays me a fair salary. I have been working for her for a long time.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
43. The man is the director of the film. You should send your application to him.
a----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
b----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------

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EXERCISE 224 : DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
Describe the people, using a "Relative Clause". Use the Prompts on the list below.
* He acts on the stage. * He always steals things and can't stop doing
it.
* He steers a ship. * He kills a famous or important person.
* He flies a plane. * He treats sick people.
* He treats our teeth. * He works for a newspaper.
* He sells meat. * He collects stamps.
* He bakes bread. * He looks after patients in hospitals.
* He repairs cars. * He buys or sells goods in large quantities.
* He sets fire to property
Example : A: What is an actor?
B: An actor is a person who acts on the stage.

1. A: What is a doctor?
B:............................................................................................................................................
.............................
2. A: What is a mechanic?
B:............................................................................................................................................
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..........................
3. A: What is a captain?
B:............................................................................................................................................
.........................
4. A: What is a pilot?
B:............................................................................................................................................
.......................
5. A: What is a baker?
B:............................................................................................................................................
........................
6. A: What is a dentist?
B:............................................................................................................................................
...........................
7. A: What is a butcher?
B: ................................................... ..................... ..........................................................
...........................
8. A: What is an arsonist?
B.................................................................... ........................ ...............................................
........................
9. A: What is a merchant?
B: ............................................. ............................................... ...................... ...............
.............................
10. A: What is a journalist?
B: ...................................................................... ....................... .....................................
..........................
11. A: What is a nurse?
B:............................................................................................................................................
.............................
12. A: What is a philatelist?
B:............................................................................................................................................
.............................
13. A: What is an assassin?
B:....................................................... ..................................................... ..............................
.......................
14. A: What is a kleptomaniac?
B:............................................................................................................................................
..........................

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EXERCISE 225: DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
Answer the following questions using a "Relative Clause" beginning with "WHERE'.
Example : A: What is a dormitory?
B: A dormitory is a large room where a lot of people sleep.

1.A: What is a nightclub?


B:...............................................................................................
2. A; What is a lunatic asylum?
B:...............................................................................................
3. A: What is an air-port?
B:...............................................................................................
4. A: What is a zoo?
B:...............................................................................................
5. A: What is a greenhouse?
B:...............................................................................................
6. A: What is a dispensary?
B:...............................................................................................
7. A: What is a hospital?
B:...............................................................................................
8. A: What is a library?
B:...............................................................................................
9. A: What is a prison?
B:...............................................................................................
10. A: What is a crematorium?
B:...............................................................................................
11. A: What is an operating theatre?
B:...............................................................................................
12. A: What is a mosque?
B:...............................................................................................
13. A: What is a cemetery?
B:...............................................................................................
14. A: What is an aquarium?
B:...............................................................................................
A: What is an orphanage?
B:...............................................................................................
A: What is a ship-yard?
B:...............................................................................................
A: What is a restaurant?
B:...............................................................................................

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EXERCISE 226 : NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause".
Example-: Istanbul is a big city Istanbul was the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
Istanbul, which was the capital of the Ottoman Empire, is a big city.

1. Edison was not a brilliant student at school. He invented the light bulb.

2. Dr Smith has come to visit a patient. His car is outside the building.

3. Hamlet is a tragedy. It is a famous play by Shakespeare.

4. Ronald Reagan was the President of the U.S.A. He had once been an actor.

5. My sister wants to speak to you. You met her at the party last night.

6. Tina Turner is loved by everybody. She was born when the Second World War

broke out.

7. I am familiar with Mrs. Short. Her daughter lives in New York.

8. The Blue Mosque is famous for its tiles. It has six minarets.

9. These papers belong to Bernard. I am sharing my room with him.

10.Mrs. Fortune was a writer. Her dead body was found in the cellar last night.

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11. The German car was driven by an American. It won the race.

12.Did you like my shoes? My father bought them on my birthday

13.The Pyrenees are often covered with snow. They divide Spain from France.

14.Atatrk was a real genius. He is very well-known all over the world.

15.They went to China. They lived there for many years.

16.The Atatrk Dam didn't solve the energy problem. It was built many years ago.

17.I am a student at Leeds University It is in the north of England.

EXERCISE 227 : ELATIVE PRONOUNS / RELATIVE ADVERBS


Complete the following sentences with the "Relative Pronouns" or "Relative Adverbs" on
the list below.
RELATIVE PRONOUNS RELATIVE ADVERBS
WHO WHICH WHOSE WHOM THAT WHERE WHY WHEN
1. This is the street. . ... I live.
2. The operation ... .... ... was carried out yesterday was a great success.
3. The person .. .. ....... gave you that information must be an idiot.
4. The man ...... .. I loved so much lei t without saying good bye,
5. Mary is longing for the day ... ........ ...they will move out of the city.
6. The shop.. .. ... .. he bought the camera \vas lull of people.
7. The writer..... ...... . books I always enjoy reading is Graham Greene.
8. This is the biggest mushroom..... .. ...... .... . I have ever seen.
9. I will never forget the day .. .. ... .. I went to Paris with my father.
10. I am sorry we have nothing ................. suits you.
11. Mr. and Mrs. Bucket have a small boy ... .. . ... name is Charlie.
12. The day ... ... ..... he left Istanbul for Paris was Monday.
13. The car by.... . .... .. I came is waiting in the street.
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14. The reason .......... they came here is obvious.
15. I cannot remember anything.. ... ..... he said.
16. Do you know the person with .. ..... . my father went to the circus last night ?
17. Is that the address to . .. . you sent the books?
18. All....... .... .. glitters is not gold.
19. She was the first woman . .. ............ was elected to Parliament.
20I am trying to find some shoes .... ... ...... match this dress.
21. There are certain days ..... .... people give presents and send cards.
22. I know a girl ... . .... brother is a film star.
23. I cannot remember the place ...... . .. I first fell in love with Deleon.
24. The few books ............ ... they have are all novels.
25. The woman to . ..... .. .... Jane gave the money is very poor.
26.The book for .....................you have been looking is very interesting.
27.We visited Buckingham Palace, ...... ... ..... the Royal family lives.
28. The artist .... .. .... exhibit we saw last night is a pianist also.
29. Maria is the only girl .. .... ..... . understands me.
30. Rose is married to a doctor of . ........ you may have heard.
31. The day .. .... .. .. she agreed to marry him was the happiest he had ever had in
his life.
32. She has a lot of friends ................. are unemployed.
33. There are some parts of the world .............. ... even now people cannot read and
write.
34. There is hardly a moment....... . ... .. I don't think of you, Matilda.

EXERCISE 228 : RELATIVE-CLAUSES (MIXED TYPES)


Combine the following pairs of sentences making the second one a "Relative Clause".
1. The theatre opened in 1983. It is on High Street.

2. The pencil is on the table, I write my letters with it.

3. The boy is my brother. He has a red coat on.

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4. Do you know the woman? Her luggage has got lost.

5. This famous picture is worth thousands of pounds. It was painted in. 1860.

6. Stratford is the place where Shakespeare was born. It attracts many tourists.

7. The man is my neighbour. The children saw him- in the street yesterday.

8. The man has just gone abroad. His house was sold last month.

9. I left the house at four oclock. They were still arguing then.

10.My father drives very carefully. He has got a Toyota.

11. The Eiffel Tower is the highest construction in Paris. It is the symbol of France;

12.Paul was the first person. I asked for his-advice the other day.

13.This is the person. Mary was talking about.,'

14.It is a shop. You can buy everything you want there.

15.The river is the Thames. It flows through London.

16.I like people. People make me laugh.

17.I saw a naked man. He was looking-at a lovely girl.

18.Ankara is the city. My father has lived there for fifteen years.

19.I cannot remember the name of the man. He invented the telephone.

20.This is the book. I found it yesterday.

21.She is longing for the day. They can move out of the city.

22.The pollution is getting worse and worse. We spoke about it last night at the

meeting.

23.We have a little room. We keep our animals there.

24.The woman is a pilot. You met her husband at the cocktail party the other day.

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25.The man called the police. His car was stolen last night

26.I will never forget the day. I first went to Paris then.

27.The woman was shot in the leg. She tackled the gunman.

28.The event took place several years ago. You were talking about it last night.

29.This is the biggest fish. I have ever seen it.

30.That is the man. His house burned down last week.

31.The girl used to live in London. I cannot remember her name.

32.He took the name from an English river. He had once lived near it.

33.This is a dance contest. It will last round the clock.

34.My father gave some money to the beggar. The beggar was looking very sad.

35.It was a kind of computer. I was not familiar with it.

36.The experiment was a complete success. This theory was based on it.

37.I met the teacher. The girl got married to him last month.

38.The teacher has retired. They were complaining about him.

39.These are cold-blooded creatures. They lay their eggs on land.

40.This symphony is by Mozart. It is called "Jupiter'.

41.It was Mary. She threw a stone at the dog.

42.Composers are highly paid. They write music for films.

43.I know an old lady. The old lady swallowed a spider.

44.Atatrk is greatly admired by everybody in the world. He died at the age of fifty-

seven.

45.M Baker will be the guest speaker. You have heard about his book.

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EXERCISE 229 : REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES
Rewrite the following sentences using "WITH". Do not use the "Relative Pronouns".
Example: The girl who had long hair answered the door.
The girl with the long hair answered the door.
1. The boy who has a bicycle is very clever.

2. Do you see the girl who has a red dress?

3. I feel sorry for people who have no homes.

4. John is a man who has a big heart.

5. I saw the man who had a scar on his face.

6. I bought a car which had four doors.

7. He was a nasty man who had a bad temper.

8. The clown who has a big nose made all the children laugh.

9. The man who had three children applied for the job.

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10.The woman who has no sins will go to paradise.

11. My parents live in a house which has green shutters.

12.The woman who has a baby in her arms was waiting patiently.

13.The house which has a beautiful walled garden is on sale.

14.I envy people who have no family responsibilities.

15.It was a nice building which had a beautiful garden.

16.A man who has a mask over his face walked past me and entered the shop.

17.The men who have no qualifications at all cannot be accepted.

EXERCISE 230 :REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES


Combine and reduce the following pairs of sentences using a "Past Participle".
Example : The student will win the reward. The student is selected by the jury
The student who is selected by the jury will win the reward.
The student selected by the jury will win the reward.
1. The woman was taken to hospital. She was injured in the accident.

2. The operation was a success. It was carried out by a famous surgeon yesterday.

3. The fence has been repaired. It was ruined by the children.

4. The lorry started its journey in Samsun. It was loaded with bricks.

5. The student is in hospital. He has been caught cheating in the examination.


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6. I feel sorry for the teacher. He was sacked last week.

7. The classroom was very cold. It had been used lot the exam.

8. All the cars are very cheap. They are manufactured in that car plant.

9. The book will be announced tomorrow. It is selected by the committee.

10.The boy is waiting outside. He was expelled from school for smoking.

11. The debater refuted all the main points. They were made by the opponents.

12.The umbrella belongs to a friend of mine. It was found in the garden.

13.The students were cold and wet. They had been standing in the queue for hours to

buy tickets.

14.The houses are comfortable. They are heated by solar energy

15.The man has asked me for ten dollars. He was sitting in the lobby an hour ago.

16.The book was very good. It was recommended by my friend.

17.The packages will be sent back. They are not wrapped correctly.

EXERCISE 231 : REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES


Shorten the relative clauses in the following sentences without using a "Relative
Pronoun" and the verb "BE".
Example: The picture which is on the wall is very expensive.
The picture on the wall is very expensive.

382
1. The man who is hi the room is very handsome.

2. The teacher who is in front of the car looks very tired.

3. The man who is on the left of the street is my boss.

4. All the children that were at the party enjoyed themselves very much.

5. The books which are on the floor will be sent to Ankara.

6. The women who are in the examination room are very nervous

7. The bird which is in your hair seems to be wounded.

8. The woman who is in the corner gets up at six oclock.

9. The boy who is on the platform will go to London next week.

10.The jacket which is in the car doesn't belong to me.

11. The girls who are in the photo are wearing mini-skirts.

12.The books which are for this course are very expensive.

13.The ink which is in my pen is red.

14.The school which is in this town is very famous all over the world.

15.The church which is at the end of this street is very old.

16.The passengers who are on the plane are very afraid of hijackers.

17.The birds which are in that tree are singing beautifully.

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EXERCISE 232 : REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSES
Rewrite the following sentences using a "Full Infinitive". Do not use a "Relative
Pronoun".
Example: The first man who sailed around the world was Joshua Stocum
The first man to sail around the world was Joshua Stocum.

1. Katherine was the first French woman who flew a plane.

2. The only student that passed the exam was Helen.

3. The first guest that arrived at our house was George Benson.

4. The best thing that you can do is to call the police.

5. The first ship that landed in New Zealand won the race.

6. This was the last of colonies that became independent.

7. Melissa will be the last girl who will take the exam.

8. I have a lot of dirty clothes that I must wash.

9. Jackson is the only person that you can trust.

10. Could you give me a book which I can read on the plane?

11. Night is the time when we can relax and watch television.

12. There are some magazines that you can read while waiting.

13. Mustafa Kemal Atatrk was the first Turkish president who saved our

384
country.

14. Janet was the only person that remembered my birthday.

15. The best time when you should do homework is right after school.

16. Barbara was the second woman who shook my hands.

17. Lara hasn't got any money that she can spend on a car.

EXERCISE 233: ACTIVE CAUSATIVES (ALL TENSES)


Put the following "Active Causative" sentences into the other Tenses as in the example
below.
The Present Simple
I make Angela write the letter in English. I have Carol sing a French song. I get Rose to
correct my mistake.
The Present Continuous
I am making Angela write the letter in English. I am having Carol sing a French song. I
am getting Rose to correct my mistakes
The Past Simple
I made Angela write the letter in English. I had Carol sing a French song. I got Rose to
correct my mistakes.
The Past Continuous
I was making Angela write the letter in English. I was having Carol sing a French song. I
was getting Rose to correct my mistakes.
The Future Simple
I will make Angela write the letter in English. I will have Carol sing a French song. I will
get Rose to correct my mistakes.

385
Be going to (Future Form)
I am going to make Angela write the letter in English. I am going to have Carol sing a
French song. I am going to get Rose to correct my mistakes.
The Future Continuous
I will be making Angela write the letter in English. I will be having Carol sing a French
song. I will be getting Rose to correct my mistakes.
The Present Perfect Simple
I have made Angela write the letter in English. I have had Carol sing a French song. I
have got Rose to correct my mistakes.
The Past Perfect Simple
I had made Angela write the letter in English. I had had Carol sing a French song. I had
got Rose to correct my mistakes.
The Future Perfect Simple
I will have made Angela write the letter in English. I will have had Carol sing a French
song. I will have got Rose to correct my mistakes.

EXERCISE 233 : ACTIVE CAUSATIVES (ALL TENSES)


1. 1. Susan makes me repeat the sentences.
2. ..... ........... ... ..... ..... ... ... ... .... ...... ..... ....
3. ........ ..... ... ..... ..... ... ... ..... ..... ..... ..... ....
4. .............. .... ..... .......... ......... ..... ..... ..... ....
5. ......................................................................................................
6. ..... ..... ..... ........ ....................................................
7. ............. .... .... ...... ............ .... ... .......... ...
8. ................................ ...................... .... .......... .....
9. .......................................................................................................
10. .. ..... .... ..... ..... ... ..... ........... ..... ..... ...... ...
2. 1.I get my father to take me to the cinema.

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2. .. .... .... ... ..... ...................................................... ....
3. ................... .... ..... ... .... ... ..... ........................................
4. .... ............................................. ..... ..... ..... ..... ... ......
5. ... .............................................. .... ..... ..... ..... .... ......
6. .. ....................................................... ..... ..... ... .... ....
7. .. ............................................ .. .... ..... .... ...... ......
8. . .... ..... ... ..... .............................................. .... .......
9. .............. ............. ....................................................
10. ............................................. ... .... .... .... .... .... ..........
3. 1.My teacher has me carry the chairs into the staff room.
2. ..... .... ... .... ........................................................................ ..... .... .... ..
.... ...
3. ............... ... .... .... .... ......................................................... ....... ......... . ....
4. .. ... .. .... .... .. ..... .................................................... .... .. .... ..
5. .................................. ........ ... ..... ..... .... ..................................................
....
6. ..................................... ... ... ... ..... ..... .... .... ..... ... .................................
...
7. ..... ..... -
- ............................................................................... ..... ..... ....
8. ..... .......... .... ..... ..... ..... ... .. ... ...... ... .. .... .. ... ... ....
9. ... .......... ..... ...... ... .... ..... ... .... ..... ..... ..................... ................
10 ... .......... .............. ........... .... ..... .... ..... ...... .... .... .. .... .

4. My mother makes the man clean the carpets


5. The nurse has the patient take this horrible medicine.
6. My friend makes me laugh during the examination.
7. I have Nancy write a composition for me.
8. My father lets me play the piano.
9. We get the teacher to solve all the problems.
10. The teacher doesn't have the students write a composition.

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EXERCISE 234 :ACTIVE CAUSATIVES
Answer the following questions in the "Affirmative" and "Negative".
Example: Do you always make your friends laugh in the class?
Yes, I always make my friends laugh in the class.
No, I dont always make my friends laugh in the class.
1. Does your teacher make the students clean the board every day?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Did your brother have you iron his shirts yesterday?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Do your parents let you go to the cinema with your friends?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Will your teacher get all the students to learn the poem by heart?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Does your father always make you cry if you go home late?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Has the judge made you tell the truth at the court?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Did the officer have all the soldiers climb up the tree in the garden?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Did your friends get you to play the piano at the party?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. Will you let your wife go to the cinema tonight?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.Did your father get the mechanic to repair your car yesterday?
Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. Does your teacher let you use a dictionary during the test?
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Yes, ------------------------------------------------------------------------
No, ------------------------------------------------------------------------

EXERCISE 235 : ACTIVE CAUSATIVES


Make "Causative Sentences" using the following structures. Use "the words" and the
"tenses" in brackets.
MAKE + SOMEONE + DO + SOMETHING
HAVE + SOMEONE + DO + SOMETHING
GET + SOMEONE + TO DO + SOMETHING
Example: Silvana / write a letter) (The Past Simple)
I made Silvana write a letter.
I had Silvana write a letter.
I got Silvana to write a letter.
1. (always / Isabella / clean the windows) (The Present Simple)
My mother .. ............................... .... ... ........... ................ ... .......................... ..
... ...
My
mother .................................. .... ................................ ... ............................... .... ....
.
My mother .................... .. ........................... . ...... .. ............... .....................
2. (the students / sing our national anthem) (The Present Continuous)
The teacher ..................... ... ..... .......................... ... .... ............................. .... ..
The
teacher .......... .... .. .................... ... ... .......................... . .... ..... ...... ...................
The teacher... .................................. ..... ...................................... ..... .............................
..
3. (my sister / do a lot of housework) (The Past Simple)
My
lather .................. .......................... ... ............................. ... .... ........................ .. ..
..
My

389
lather .... .. .... .............................. .... .. ............................... ...... ..... ........................
....
My
father.. ....................................... ..... ..... ........................................................................
4. (Angela / write a composition) (The Past Continuous)
My
brother.............. ... ............................. ... .............................. ..... ...........................
..
My brother.... ........................... .... ............................. ..... .... .......................... ...
My
brother ............................ .... ............................ ..... ................................. ..................
...
5. (my brother / learn the poem by heart) (The Future Simple)
Rose ................... .......................... .......................... ....................... ......
Rose.............. ........................... ..... ...................... ............................ ... ....................
..
Rose.. ..... ............................. ............................ ....... .............................. .....................
....
6. (you / solve this problem) (be going to)
Zeynep .... ................................ ................................ ..... ....................... .... ..................
........
Zeynep . ......................... ... ......................... ......................... .... .................... ....
Zeynep.............. .. ........................... .... ....................... ..... ..............................
7. (the mechanic / repair the car) (The Present Perfect Simple)
That
lady .............................. ..... ......................... .................................... .........................
That lady ......................... .... .......................... ........................... ..... ......................
..
That lady..................... ... ................... ... .................... .... ...................... .....

EXERCISE 236: PASSIVE CAUSATIVES (ALL TENSES)


Put the following "Passive Causative Sentences" into the other tenses as in the examples

390
below.
Examples:
1.The Present Simple
Rose gets her eyes tested.
Kate has her car repaired
2. The Present Continuous
Kale is having her car repaired.
Rose is getting her eyes tested
3. The Past Simple
Rose got her eyes tested
Kate had her car repaired.
4. The Past Continuous
Rose was getting her eyes tested.
Kate was having her car repaired.
5. The Future Simple
Kate will have her car repaired.
Rose will get her eyes tested.
6.Be going to (Future Form)
Rose is going to get her eyes tested.
Kate is going to have her car repaired.
7.The future Continuous
Rose will be getting her eyes tested.
Kate will be having her car repaired.
8.The Present Perfect Simple
Rose has got her eyes tested.
Kate has had her car repaired.
9.The Past perfect Simple
Rose had got her eyes tested.
Kate had had her car repaired.
10.The Future Perfect Simple
Rose will have got her eyes tested.
Kate will have had her car repaired.
11.The Present Conditional
Kate would have had her car repaired.
Kate would have her car repaired.
12.The Perfect Conditional
Rose would have got her eyes tested.
Rose would get her eyes tested.

391
EXERCISE 236 PASSIVE CAUSATIVES (ALL TENSES)
1. I have my shoes shined.
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--------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------
2. My sister gets the letter translated into English.
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3. 1. The teacher does not get his trousers shortened.
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EXERCISE 237: PASSIVE CAUSATIVES


Answer the following questions using the "Passive Causative" structure below and
the "words" in brackets.
HAVE/GET + SOMETHING + PAST PARTICIPLE
Example: A: Is the television set working? (television set / repair)
B: Yes, it is. I had/got the television set repaired (by the mechanic) last
week.
1.A: Why are you going to the dentist? (tooth / pull out)
B:----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. A: What do you do when there is something wrong with your car? (car / repair)
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. A: What did you do when your jacket got dirty? (jacket / clean)
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. A: What will you do if the wall in your house needs painting? (the -wall / paint)
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. A: What do you do with your clothes when you lose weight? (clothes / narrow)
B:----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. A: What did you do when your hair needed cutting? (hair / cut)
B:----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. A: What does your mother do if there is something wrong with her eyes? (eyes / test)
B:----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. A: What will you do if there are mistakes in your composition? (mistakes / correct)
393
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. A: Why did you go to the Turkish Consulate last Monday? (passport / renew)
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. A: What did you do if the knife you used was dull? (knife/sharpen)
B: ...----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. A: What do you do at the air port if you have a suitcase? (suitcase / weigh)
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12. A: What do you do if your shoes need shining? (shoes / shine)
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13.A: What does your mother do if she has a blood pressure? (blood pressure / check)
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14.A: What do you do if you have a pain in your chest? (chest / lest)
B:----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
15.A: What do you do with your car before you go on holiday? (car / service)
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.A: What will you do if you have an old computer? (a new computer / install)
B: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EXERCISE 238 : PASSIVE CAUSATIVES


Rewrite the following sentences using the Passive Causative structure below.
HAVE + SOMETHING + PAST PARTICIPLE
GET + SOMETHING + PAST PARTICIPLE
Example: I always shine my shoes. (Active Causative)
I always have my shoes shined. (Passive Causative)
I always get my shoes shined. (Passive Causative)
1. The dentist checks my teeth every six months.
I ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. My sister ironed my father's shirts yesterday.
My father
394
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
My father
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. The secretary has just typed Jane's letters.
Jane
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jane
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. The mechanic is going to repair Helen's car tomorrow.
Helen
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Helen------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----
5. The barber cuts my brother's hair every month.
My brother
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
My brother
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. The eye doctor tested John's eyes last week.
John
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
John
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Some painters are painting the Wilsons' house.
The Wilsons
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The Wilsons
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. The policeman took my fingerprints this morning.
I ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. A pickpocket stole my friend's wallet yesterday morning,
My friend
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
My friend
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.An optician will test my eyes tomorrow.
I----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
395
EXERCISE 239 : PASSIVE CAUSATIVES
Complete the following sentences with the correct forms of the "verbs' in brackets.
Example: I (have) .. .... ..... my house (paint) .. .. . last week.
I had my house painted last week.
1. He must be rich. He always (get) ... ... ... his shoes specially
(make) ... ..................
2. My father (get)...... ... .. his portrait (paint).......... .. . by a famous artist at the
moment.
3. I (have). . .. ... ... this watch (adjust) .. ... . by the watchmaker last week
hut it still goes fast.
4. My father is in poor health. I (have) .. . ....... . .him (examine) ............ by
the doctor tomorrow.
5. Now I must (get) ............. these answers (correct) ... .. ... by the teacher.
6. The poor wash their own socks, the rich (have) ... . . their socks (wash)
... for them.
7. I couldn't mend the chair myself, so I (have).... ....... .... ... it (do)....................by
the carpenter
8. People who are very ill (have) .... ... everything (do) .. ... . for them by
others
9. The button has come off and only yesterday I (get) . . . .. it (sew). .. ... on
by my sister.
10.I saw him sitting in the barbers chair. He (have) three things (do) . ...... ............. at
the same time.
11. He (have)..................his hair (cut)................ he (have) his shoes
396
(clean)...............and he (get)............his fingernails (manicure)......................
12.The car is in the garage because I (get).. .. it (service)............... ...
13.I (have) .. .. . .... my eyes (test) .......... ........ last month.
14.I (have) .. .... ...... the sentences (write) .. ... .. on the board now.
15.The farmer (get) ........ .. .. his animals (feed) .. ... .. . twice a day.
16.My father (have) .. .. .. the milk-pails (sterilise) ...... . next week.
17.Judy (get)-- ----- - her wedding dress (make) .. .. by a fashion shop last week.
18.I wish I (have) ... ...... ........... the roof (repair).. .. . ... last year.
19.He writes his reports in English. and then (get)..........them (translate)
.. into French.
20.If you don't get out of the house, I (have) ... . you (arrest) . ... ...
21.They (have) . .... .. .... a swimming-pool (build) ... .. ... now.
22.We (get).. .... .. ... these floors (polish). ... ... at least once a year.
23.I (have) . ... ............ my hair (cut) .. .. .. when (he lire bell rang.
24.You must (have) . . ... . your luggage (weigh) ... .... .. at the airport.
25.She (have)... .. ... . the locks of the house (change) ... .. if she had been
sensible.
26.My sister (get) ...... .... a couple of dresses (make) . .. ... .before she goes
to the United States
of America.

EXERCISE 240 : CAUSATIVES (MIXED TYPES)


Answer the following Causative Sentences on your own.
1.A: Do you always get your car washed?
B: ....... .... . ....................... ... .. .... .......... ............ .. ... .. ........................ .. ... ..
.........
2. A: Did you have your mother shorten your trousers yesterday?
B: ........................ .... .. ............................ ... ... ......... ....... .. ..... .. ... ........
397
..... .... ..
3. A: When will you have your hair cut?
B: ........ ... ..... ... ...................... .. ..... ... ..... ........ ... .... ... ............. ...... .. ...
...
4. A: Has your mother had the window cleaned?
B: ... .... ....................... ... ... ... ... .. . ......... ......... .... ..... .................... .. .
... .....
5. A: When did you get your tooth pulled out by the dentist?
B: .................... . .. .... ...................... ... ....... ........ .. ........... .. .. .. .... ........
... ..
6. A: Do your parents always get someone to cut the grass m the garden?
B: ........ ......................... .. .... ..................... ... ... ............. ... ................. .... ... ..
...............
7. A; Did your teacher make you repeal the sentences aloud yesterday?
B:... .............. .... .... ............... .... .... ................... .... ............. .. ..... ........... .... ...
8. A: Do you always make your friends laugh in the class?
B: ................ ... ........................ .... ..................... .. ............... ..... .... .............
.. ..
9. A: Does your father let you watch the TV at night?
B: ............. .. .............. .... ... ................. ...... ... .......... ... ..... ....... .. ... ... ...
.......
10.A: Will your father let you go out with your friends tonight, I wonder?
B: .... ............... ....... .. .................. ... ...... ................. ... .. .... ..... .. .... ... .. ..........
..
11.A: Did you get the tyres of your car inflated to the correct pressure?
B: ................... .... ...................... .... ......................... ... ................ .... ..................
..
12.A: Who made you cry this morning in the garden?
B: ...... .... .... ................ .. .. ..................... .... .. .............. ... .. ............ .. .. ....
........
13.A: Are you having your car repaired by the mechanic this afternoon?
B:... .... .. .... .............................. ..... ... .. . ....................... ... ... ..........................
.. ...
14.A: Is your father going to have a swimming-pool built in your garden?
B: ..................... ... .... ............................. .. .... .................. ... .... ....................
.. ... ..
15.A: When did you last get your watch repaired?
B: ......................... ... .... ..................... .... .... ........................ .... .................... .. ... ...
..
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16.A: When are you going to have your blood pressure checked?
B: ..... ............................ ............................. ... ........................ ....................... ...
17.A: Did your friends make you stay at their house last night?
B: ...... .... ............................... ... .... ..................... .... .. ... .................... ... ........
......
18.A: Will your friends be able to get the administration to support this plan?
B: .. ..... ....................... ... ... .... ... ..................... .. .... ... .. ............. .. ... ... ...
.......

EXERCISE 241: REPORTED SPEECH (STATEMENT)


Change the following sentences into "Reported Speech" paying attention to the tense of
the Reporting Verbs as in the example below.
Direct : Olga says / said, "I will go to Paris tomorrow."
Reported: a. Olga says that she will go to Paris tomorrow.
b. Olga said that she would go to Paris the next day.
1.James says /said, "I always get up at six oclock in the morning".
a. James says.......... ..... ................. . . ... .. ................ .. .. .... .. ......... - .. .. ......
... -
b. James said ....... . .... ... ... ....... . ... .. ........ ... . ...... ... ... ..
........... ... ...
2. The children say / said, "We will go to the cinema tonight".
a. The children
say .. .. ... .. ................... ... ....... . .. .. ............. .. .. ...... .. .....
b. The children said ................................. .... ... .. .. ............ .. . .. ..... ..... .
................
3. Janet says / said, "I wrote a letter to my father yesterday".
a. Janet
says ......... ...... ....... .. ... ............................ .. .. ... ... ............................... .... .
. ..
399
b. Janet
said ....................................... .. ... ... ....... ............................. .. ... .... ...................
.....
4. They say / said, "We saw a very good play at the theatre last night".
a. They say ... ... ... ........... ............... .. .. .... ..... ............................. ... ... .....
.... .. ...
b. They said ............................ ...... .. .... ... .. .. .... .............. . . .. ... ... .....
............ .... ..
5. Catherine says / said, "I was listening to the radio at seven oclock this morning".
a. Catherine
says................................ ....... ........................................... .. .. .... ......................... .
..
b. Catherine
said......... .. ................................... .. .. .... .................................... .. ... .. ....
6. My father says/said, "My aim is to set up a new political party in Turkey".
a.My father says............................. ... ... .... ....................................... ..... ... ....
b. My father
said..................... .... .. .. .................................. .. .... ..... .... .............................
...
7. Peter says / said, "I paid the bill the day before yesterday".
a. Peter says........ .... ... .. .. .. ....................... ... .... .. ... .. ....................... ..
.. .... .
b. Peter
said ...................... ... .... .......................................... ..... ... .................................. ...
.... ...
8. Maria says / said, "There were a lot of people at the cinema last night".
a. Maria
says. .. ... .................................. ... ... ..................................... ..... .... ..... .....
b. Maria said ... .... .. ................................. .. .. .... ................................. .... ...
.... ............ ...
9. The governor says / said, "The school will be opened the day after tomorrow".
a. The governor says.. .. .... ......................... .. ... .... .. ..................... .. ... .... ...
............... ...
b. The governor
said... .... ... .. ...................... ... .. .... ... .. .................... ... .... .. ... ...
10. The man says/said, "My sister was in South Africa three years ago".
a. The man
says .................. ... .... ............................... .. .. ..... .................................. .. ..... ...
b. The man
400
said ........................ .. .. .... ............................. ....... ..... .... ....................... .. ...
...
11. Mge says/said, "I was working for (he same firm in those days".
a. Mge
says...... ...................... .... .... ..... ... .......................... .. .... ... ......................... ..
.. ...
b. Muge
said ......... ... ... ... .................... ..... .... ....................... ... . ................ .. ... ... .. ......
.. .
12. Jane says / said, "I am playing the piano at the party now".
a. Jane
says .............................................. .. ... ... .. ..... .. .. ............................... ..............
. .. ...
b- Jane said .................................................... .... ....... .... .. .. ... ... ... ... ... ..
. . ..... ........
13. The workers say / said, "We didn't have breakfast this morning".
a. The workers
say............................................. .................... .. .. .. ... ..... ... ... .. .. ...
b. The workers said ............................ ....... . .. .... .. ... ... ..... .... .... .. ... ... ..
.. ...
14. Charlotte says /said, "I have a lot of friends in Istanbul".
a. Charlotte
says ......................... .......... ..... ... ... ...... ..... .. .. ... .... .............. .............. ...........
........
b. Charlotte
said ......................... ..... ... ... .... ...... ..... ...... .. ..........................................................
.....
15. Diana says / said, "I fell in love with my English teacher ten years ago".
a. Diana
says.. .... .... .... .. ................................................... .... .... ...........................................
..........
b. Diana
said.. .... .............................................. .... ...... .................................... .... .... ... ..
...........
16. Charles says / said, "The birds were singing in the tree this morning".
a. Charles
says .... ... ..... ................................................. ... ... ... .................................. ...... ..:
..
b. Charles said .. ... .. ................................................ .... .... ....................................
401
. ... .. ... ..
] 7. Rose says / said, "I am going to see the admiral next week".
a. Rose
says .... .. ..................................... .... .... ... ....................... ... ... ... ...... ... ......
..............
b. Rose
said .... .. ................................ ..... ... .. .. ........................... ... .. ... ... . .....
...............
18.Hilda says / said, "I will be visiting the museum tomorrow afternoon".
a. Hilda
says.. .... ................................................. .. .... .. ............................. ..... ....... ..
...
b. Hilda
said.. .. ... .. .... .. ...................................... .. ..... ... .. ..... ................................
... ....
19.Henry says/said, "I will get married the day after tomorrow".
a. Henry
says .... .... ...................................................... .... .... .......................................... ...
.. ....
b. Henry
said ................................... ... .. ... ........................... ...... .... ..... .... .... ................
.............
20.Lolita says / said, "I was very much worried about my father's health".
a. Lolita
says .. ......... ... .............................................. ..... ... ............................................... ... .
.... ..
b. Lolita
said .. .... ... ..... ................................................. ... .... .... .. ..................................... . .
.
21.Kate says / said, "The Members of the Parliament think of nothing but money".
a. Kale says ... .. ... ... ........ .... .... .... .... ....... ..... .... ... .... ... .... ... ..... .....
.. .... ....
b. Kate
said..... .. ... ... ....... .... ...............................................................................................
22.Claudia says / said, "I am determined to quit my job next month".
a. Claudia says ........................................ ... .... .... ..... ...............................................
.... .... ... ... ...
b. Claudia said ............................................. ... .... .... ......................................... .... ...
.... ... ... ...
402
23.Carol says / said, "I am not in good mood today".
a. Carol says.............................. .. ..... .... ..... ... ......................................... ... .. ...
.. .... .......
b. Carol said ......... .......... ..... .. ..... ... ... ... .................................. .... .... ... ..
.. ..............
24.The teacher says / said, "The match will take place the day after tomorrow".
a. The teacher
says .. .... ... ... .... ... ........................................ ... .. .. ... ... ...................
b. The teacher
said .. ......... ... ..... ..... .................................................... .. .. .. .... ..... .. .......
25.Lora says/said, "I have studied German for four years, but I cannot speak it yet".
a. Lora
says. .... ...................................... .. .... ... ..... ... .... ... ..... .. ... . .. ... ... ...
...........
b. Lora
said ......................................................... ... ... ... ... .... ...... ... .. ... ..... ..................
........
26.Roger says / said, "My wife is expecting me to do the housework".
a. Roger
says. .... .. ... .. .. .. .. .. ... ... .. ........... ........................................................
. .. ..
b. Roger
said. .. .... .. .... ... .... ... ... .... .... .... ... .. .. ............. ..... ..... ..... .......... .
... .
27.The man says / said, "The train was held up for two hours this morning".
a. The man
says .. ... .. ... .. ... .... .... .... ....... ..... ... .... ..... ..... .... .... . .. .......................
.....
b. The man
said .... .... .... .. ... ... .. .. .. .. ...... ... ....... ................ ....... ................ ..............
.
28.Chopin says / said, "Many people don't know the meaning of political immunity".
a. Chopin says .... ......... ... ..... .... ................................................................... ... .... ...
.... .. ...
b. Chopin
said ...... .... ..................................................................... ... ... ... ..... ..... ..... ..... .....
.. .... .

EXERCISE 242 : REPORTED SPEECH (STATEMENT)


403
Change the following sentences into "Reported Speech" paying attention to the tense of
the "Reporting Verbs" as in the example below.
Direct : Jane says / said to me, 'I don't like my history teacher."
Reported : Jane tells me that she doesn't I like her history teacher.
Jane told me that she didn't like her history teacher.
1.Lisa says/said to Paul, "I saw your father last week".
a.
Lisa .... ............................................................ .... ..... .... ... .... ...... .............................
........................
b.
Lisa.... .......................................... ... ... ... ... ... ...... ... ........ ................. ...... .. ..
.. .. ... .. ...
2. Helen says / said to him, "I was at the party with your friend yesterday".
a.
Helen ........................................... ... ... ... ... ..... .................................... .. ..... ....
. ... ....
b.
Helen .. ....................................... .... .... ...... ................ .... ..... ..............................
.........
3. Lora says / said to the boys, "You are lazy and unreliable".
a.
Lora.. ..... ... .................................. .............................................. ... ..............................
............... ... ...
b. Lora ... .......................... ... .. .... .. ......................... .... .... ....................... .. .. ....
... .....................
4. Mar}' says / said to me, "You didn't do your homework last night".
a.
Mary....................... ..... ... .. ................................. .... ... .......... ......... .. ... ... ........
................
b.
Mary ............................... .... ......... ..................... ............................... .. .......................
................
5. Jane says / said To Tom, "My father will be sent to Spain next year".
a. Jane .............................. .... .. ........................................... ... ................................ ...
.... ..
b.
Jane .................... ... ... ............................ ... ... .......................... ... .. ..................
....... . .. ...
6. Wendy says / said to Fred, "My mother was mending your socks this evening".
a.
Wendy .. .......................................... .... ... .............................. ... ............................. ....
... .... ... .....
404
b.
Wendy .. .... ... .................. ....... .... ..... ..... .... .......................... . .. ...........................
........ ... ..... ...
7. Belly says / said to Mike, "You are going to be punished the day after tomorrow".
a. Belly .... .................... .. ... ................................... ..... .... .... ........... .......... .......
. .. .... ...
b. Belly..... ..... ......................... .... ..... ............................... ... .. .. .. .
..._...........
8. Kale says / said to Philip, "I am going to wake you up tomorrow morning".
a. Kate.................................... .......... ......... .................................................................. ..
... .. .... .....
b. Kate ............................... .. .. ... ... ................................................... ............ ..
9. She says / said To the children, "I have already seen this film three times".
a.
She ........ .. ... ..... ................................................ .... ..... .......................................... ..
.. ... .... ..... .
b.
She ........... .... ....... .. .. ................................. ........ .. .................................. .....
. . ......... .
10. The judge says/said to the man, "The jury has found you guilty".
a. The
judge ....... ....................................................... .... ... ......... ................................ ...
... ...
b. The judge ........................................... .... .... .... . .. ............................................ ....
........... .....
11. Gloria says/said to me, "My son has been studying medicine for a long time".
a.
Gloria ...................... ... ... ...... ........................ ....... .... .. .... ....................................
...... ..... ...
b.
Gloria ......... .. ... ........... ........................................ .... ..... .... ... .................................
........... ......... ...

405
EXERCISE 243 : REPORTED SPEECH (OTHER REPORTING VERBS)
Change the following sentences into "Reported Speech" using the other "Reporting
Verbs" on the list below.
DENY OFFER ACCUSE ADVISE DOUBT
BOAST SUGGEST ADMIT PREDICT
PROMISE REMIND APOLOGIZE
a. Direct : Selda said, "No, I don't have any love affairs with Danny".
b. Reported : Selda denied that she had any love affairs with Danny.
1.Peter said, "No, I didn't punch anybody at the end of the match".
Peter ............................................................................. .... .. .. .. .. .. . .. ..
.. ... ... .
2. Susan said, "Lets go for a walk in the forest".
Susan .... .... ... .. ... .... .... . . ... .. .. .. .. ....... ... .......................................
.......... .....
3. Sally said to Gilda, "You had better make your complaints to the manager".
Sally... ... .. ... .. ... .. .... ... .... .. .. .. .. .. .. . .... .... ....... ......... ............
................. ... ..
4. Pamela said, "I am awfully sorry that I have made a silly mistake".
Pamela ... ... .. ... . .. .. .... .. .... .. ... .. .. . . .... .. . ..... .. ..... .... ... ..
. ..... ..... ..
5. My father said to me, "I think that you will be in charge of the whole company".
My
lather................ ........ .. ... .. ........ . ... ..... ... ... .. ... .. ... . . .... ..........
6. Cathy said, "I am very glad that I have never had an accident in my life".
Cathy .. .. .... ..... . .. .. .... .. .. .. .. .... . ... .. .... .. .... .. .... .......
7. Matilda said to me, "Okay, I will never try to hide your pencil again".
Matilda ........................ ...... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... .... ... ... ... ..... .... ... .. .....
. ..
8. Rose said, "I don't really think that it will rain in the afternoon".
Rose .... ... ... .. .... .... ... .. .. .... ... .. ... .. ..... .. ... .... .. .. .. .. .
406
. .. ..
9. Sheila said, "Yes, of course, I will give you a lift, Mge".
Sheila ................................................................................................. ................. ..... .........
. ....
10. David said, "I am sorry that I have broken my teacher's heart".
David. ... .... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .... .... .. .... ... .. ... ... .. ... ... ... ..
... .. ... ... ..
11. Diana said, "Don't forget to bring your camera to the party, Kate"
Diana ..... ... .. ... ... . ... .......... ......... .... . .............................................................
......................
12. Selcuk said, "Eel me carry your suitcase, Rosemary".
Selcuk.... .... ... .. .... ..... ... .. ... ..... .. .. ... .... .. .. ... .... .... .. .. .. .. ..
.. ... ..
13. The actor said. "All right, it was my fault. I was nervous during the performance".
The
actor ...................... ...... .... ....................................................... ...................... ........ .....
.. .. . ... .
14. The inspector said, "You murdered the poor woman, didn't you, Ruth!"
The
inspector ........................ .......................................................... ......................... ..................
..... ............
15. Roger said, "Don't worry, Hilda, I will bring you your camera back tomorrow".
Roger ... .. .... .. .. ... .... .. ... .... ... .... .. ... .. ... .... ... .... ... .... .. .
.. ... ... ... ...
EXERCISE 244 : REPORTED SPEECH (COMPLEX SENTENCE)
Change the following sentences into "Reported Speech" as in the example below.
Direct : Tom said, "I was swimming when Helen came".
Reported: Tom said that he was swimming when Helen came.
Tom said that he had been swimming when Helen came.

407
1. Donna said, "I was living in Egypt when the war started".