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SONOLINE Elegra
Ultrasound Imaging System

System Overview

December, 2000 Function

48 45 801 REV 00
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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

Table of Contents

1.0 Introducing the SONOLINE Elegra


Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging System ............................................. 4
1.1 General Overview ................................................................................................. 4
1.1.1 System Configurations ............................................................................. 4
1.1.2 System Versions ....................................................................................... 4
1.1.3 System Features ...................................................................................... 12
1.1.4 Intended Use ............................................................................................ 15
1.2 Image Review, Documentation Devices, and Storage .......................................... 15
1.2.1 CINE Review ............................................................................................ 15
1.2.2 Post-Processing Features (Freeze Frame or CINE) ................................ 15
1.2.3 Documentation Devices ............................................................................ 16
1.2.4 Magneto-Optical Disk Drive ...................................................................... 16
1.3 Measurements, Calculations, and Reports ........................................................... 16
1.3.1 B-Mode Measurements ............................................................................ 17
1.3.2 Doppler Measurements ............................................................................ 17
1.3.3 M-Mode Measurements ............................................................................ 17
1.3.4 Obstetrics Calculations ............................................................................. 18
1.3.5 Growth Evaluation .................................................................................... 18
1.3.6 Abdomen Calculations .............................................................................. 18
1.3.7 Vascular Calculations and Report ............................................................ 18
1.4 Signal Processing ................................................................................................. 18
1.5 Imaging Modes and Features ............................................................................... 19
1.5.1 B Mode ..................................................................................................... 19
1.5.2 M Mode ..................................................................................................... 19
1.5.3 Spectral Doppler ....................................................................................... 19
1.5.4 Color Doppler and Power Doppler T.E.M. ................................................ 19
1.5.5 B/W SieScape Imaging ............................................................................. 19
1.5.6 Color SieScape Imaging ........................................................................... 20
1.5.7 3-Scape 3-D Imaging ................................................................................ 20
1.5.8 Photopic .................................................................................................... 21
1.5.9 SieFlow ..................................................................................................... 21
1.5.10 Image Depth Field of View ....................................................................... 21
1.5.11 Focusing ................................................................................................... 21
1.5.12 Magnification ............................................................................................ 21
1.6 Image Orientation and Display Formats ............................................................... 22

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

1.7 PW Doppler Multi-Spectrum Synthesizer ............................................................. 22


1.7.1 Color Doppler ........................................................................................... 22
1.7.2 Power Doppler T.E.M. .............................................................................. 23
1.7.3 M Mode .................................................................................................... 23
1.7.4 Continuous Wave Doppler ........................................................................ 23

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

1.0 Introducing the SONOLINE Elegra


Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging System

1.1 General Overview

1.1.1 System Configurations



The SONOLINE Elegra ultrasound imaging system is a fully digital high-resolution system
with integrated Doppler and Color Doppler capability. The system is available in two config-
urations, the SONOLINE Elegra standard configuration with 256-channel images and the
SONOLINE Elegra Advanced configuration with 512-channel images.

1.1.2 System Versions


Two versions of the SONOLINE Elegra system exist. The first version includes systems
with system serial numbers (SSNs) below 7000. The second version, which is called the
Millennium Edition, includes serial numbers starting at 7000. The designation version is
not to be confused with the two available configurationsthese remain the same. Both ver-
sions are identical regarding system features, operation and performance, and can be
identified mainly by mechanical differences.
The general service concept of the SONOLINE Elegra system is the same for both ver-
sions. However, not all parts are interchangeable between the two versions. Some parts
are specific to Millennium Edition systems and cannot be used on systems with SSNs
below 7000. Therefore, one has to ensure that the correct material numbers (synonymous
with part number) are used when ordering parts. For compatibility information refer to the
spare parts section of this manual.
Visible external changes for Millennium Edition systems are as follows:
SSN shown on rear system panel starts at 7000
New Distribution Board (not interchangeable with SSNs below 7000)
New front wheel brake mechanism (not interchangeable with SSNs below 7000)
System name label is vertically aligned and appears on left system side panel (viewed
from system front)
Relevant internal changes for Millennium Edition systems include:
New Power Supply assembly (not interchangeable with SSNs below 7000)
Modified and new PCBs
PC (not interchangeable)
TR (flat TR compared to modular TR, not interchangeable with SSNs below 7000)
New AC (interchangeable)
New ACCW (interchangeable)
New VA (interchangeable)
Two new system side panels (different mounting brackets)
Addition of cooling fan to SCSI bay assembly
Re-designed card cage area to ease servicing
Addition of four individual fans below card cage to improve system cooling

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

Systems with SSNs Below 7000


The information provided in this section is unique to systems with SSNs below 7000.
Industrial Design

2
10

3 11
4
5

12

6 13

14

1 Monitor 9 Foot rest


2 Monitor handle 10 Monitor arm with lock mechanism
3 Touch panel 11 Transducer ports
4 Control panel 12 Additional transducer port (SONOLINE Elegra
Advanced configuration only)
5 Keyboard
13 Transducer holders
6 MO disk drive
14 Front wheels with brakes
7 Power ON/Standby switch
8 Image recording device bay or storage

Figure 1 Front view of systems with SSNs below 7000.

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

3
5

1 Monitor label 5 Distribution board


2 Rear air filter 6 Circuit breaker
3 Warning label 7 Equipotential connector
4 Power cord pass-through

Figure 2 Rear view of systems with SSNs below 7000.

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview
Distribution Board Layout
J27

J28
J30

J12
J13

J20
J14

J19
J16

J17

J15

J18

J25

J26
J21

J22

J23
FH2

FH3

FH4

FH5
FH6
J29

FH7

FH1
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Power
Good

J24A
J31

IN/OUT
OUT L/R

IN L/R
J1

J24B
J8

J9

J10

J11

J3

J4

J5

J6

J7
J2
Figure 3 Distribution Board used on systems with SSNs below 7000.
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Table 1 Distribution Board jack numbers and descriptions used on systems with SSNs below 7000.

Jack No. Description Jack No. Description

J1 AUDIO IN/OUT J17 Video Printer

J2 S-VHS IN/OUT J18 Foot Switch

J3 LUMA OUT (ext.) J19 Control Panel Display

J4 SYNC OUT (ext.) J20 Control Panel Power

J5 Red OUT (ext.) J21 VT (Diagnostics Port)

J6 Green OUT (ext.) J22 Control Panel

J7 Blue OUT (ext.) J23 Modem

J8 SYNC IN (ext.) J24A/B RS-232/Ethernet (ext.)

J9 Red IN (ext.) J25 OEM 1

J10 Green IN (ext.) J26 OEM 2

J11 Blue IN (ext.) J27 OEM 3

J12 Not Used J28 OEM 4

J13 System Monitor J29 Disk Power

J14 Camera (Color, B/W) J30 Speakers

J15 Microphone J31 Modem (ext.)

J16 VCR F1H-FH7 Fuse

Front Wheel Brakes


For systems with SSNs below 7000, brakes are set individually on the front wheels.

Lock and Free


Indicator

Figure 4 Individually set front wheel brakes used on systems with SSNs below 7000.

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

Systems with SSNs 7000 and Above (Millennium Edition)


The information provided in this section is unique to systems with SSNs 7000 and above.
Industrial Design

2
10

3
11
4
5

12

6 13

14

1 Monitor 9 Foot-actuated brake mechanism in the central


section of the system front bumper
2 Monitor handle
10 Monitor arm with lock mechanism
3 Touch panel
11 Transducer ports
4 Control panel
12 Additional transducer port (SONOLINE Elegra
5 Keyboard
Advanced configuration only)
6 MO disk drive
13 Transducer holders
7 Power ON/Standby switch
14 Front wheels
8 Image recording device bay or storage

Figure 5 Front view of systems with SSNs 7000 and above.

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115V (16 A) systems only 100V, 115V (12 A), 200V, and 230V systems only

1 Monitor label 5 Power cord latch


2 Rear air filter 6 Circuit breaker
3 Warning label 7 Equipotential connector
4 Distribution board (not interchangeable with SSNs
below 7000)

Figure 6 Rear view of systems with SSNs 7000 and above.

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Distribution Board Layout
J30

J27

J28
J12
J13

J20
J14

J16

J19

J25

J26
J15

J18

J21

J22

J23
FH2

FH3

FH4

FH5
J17

FH6
J29

FH7
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Power
Good

J24A

J31
IN/OUT
OUT L/R

IN L/R

J3

J4

J5

J6

J7

J24B
J1

J2
Figure 7 Distribution Board used on systems with SSNs 7000 and above.
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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

Table 2 Distribution Board jack numbers and descriptions used on systems with SSNs starting at 7000.

Jack No. Description Jack No. Description

J1 AUDIO IN/OUT J17 Video Printer

J2 S-VHS IN/OUT J18 Foot Switch

J3 LUMA OUT (ext.) J19 Control Panel Display

J4 SYNC OUT (ext.) J20 Control Panel Power

J5 Red OUT (ext.) J21 VT (Diagnostics Port)

J6 Green OUT (ext.) J22 Control Panel

J7 Blue OUT (ext.) J23 Modem

J8 SYNC IN (ext.) J24A/B RS-232/Ethernet (ext.)

J9 Red IN (ext.) J25 OEM 1

J10 Green IN (ext.) J26 OEM 2

J11 Blue IN (ext.) J27 OEM 3

J12 Physiological (PY) Board J28 OEM 4

J13 System Monitor J29 Disk Power

J14 Camera (Color, B/W) J30 Speakers

J15 Microphone J31 Modem (ext.)

J16 VCR F2H-FH7 Fuse

Front Wheel Brakes


For systems with SSNs starting at 7000 (Millennium Edition) both front wheel brakes are
set simultaneously from a foot-actuated mechanism in the central section of the system
front bumper.

Figure 8 Foot-actuated brake mechanism used on systems with SSNs 7000 and above.

1.1.3 System Features


The SONOLINE Elegra system is a software-driven platform. This platform is designed to
be upgraded over time to provide additional features, image processing algorithms and
performance enhancements.
Software upgrades are provided through an integrated magneto-optical disk drive that is
standard with SONOLINE Elegra systems.
The system software provides exam-specific applications and transducer-specific
imaging presets.

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The SONOLINE Elegra ultrasound system provides up to five user-programmable


presets for each exam/transducer combination.
These allow the user to construct a constant foundation of predefined imaging param-
eters for a specifically-targeted study. All user-defined presets can be stored to MO
diskette.
The system software, control panel overlay, and operating instructions are available
for the following languages:
English
German
French

Wideband RF Digital Beamformer


The Advanced Digital Beamformer combines individual channel data into ultrasound
beams using patented techniques. The electronics accurately, precisely and dynami-
cally control the ultrasound beam profile. A faster clock cycle preserves both detail and
contrast resolution. The high speed beamformer produces a finely sampled ultrasound
beam with superior spatial resolution. Following beam formation, the digital signal pro-
cessing chain applies powerful algorithms to extract the maximum amount of informa-
tion for display and quantification.
The SONOLINE Elegra ultrasound system employs high dynamic range analog to dig-
ital converters. Operating at 36 MHz and having 10 bits of resolution, these A/D con-
verters collect high fidelity ultrasound information. Each channel has its own dedicated
A/D converter along with special filters that are fine-tuned to optimize digitized infor-
mation. This fine-tuning provides superior contrast resolution, while the high sampling
rate provides superb detail resolution.
Dual Channel Processing provides increased frame rates for gray scale or color by
forming two receive beams from one transmitted beam.

Imaging Platform Processing Power


The super-computer equivalent speed of the SONOLINE Elegra ultrasound system allows
the real-time processing of data using Siemens patented image formation algorithms.
Micron Tissue Sampling Technology uses the temporal and spatial signatures of tissue
speckle data to produce exceptional contrast resolution.
Zero Loss Flow Processing uses 100% of the acoustic samples to produce excep-
tional slow flow color display.
Multi-Spectrum Synthesizer samples, analyzes and compounds multiple Doppler data
sets to produce highly sensitive and accurate Doppler flow estimation.

Channel Matched Transducer Technology


Wideband channel matched transducers are designed to preserve acoustic signal
fidelity on both transmit and receive.
High-density array transducers optimize and balance frequency, aperture and scan
format for each intended application.
Each transducer provides up to five imaging frequencies. Linear and small aperture
arrays can work in two different formats (steerable linear and virtual curved). This
allows all transducers to cover a variety of examinations and body types.

Control Panel
The SONOLINE Elegra ultrasound system provides an industry-exclusive control
panel featuring Heads-Up display. This feature allows users to keep their eyes on the
image throughout the exam.

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Imaging controls are highlighted with multiple levels of backlighting for ease of use
during mixed-mode operation.
Unique CINE wheel combines frame and loop operation into one control.
The control panel can be raised and lowered 5.0 cm (2.0 in.), rotated 30 and extended
toward the user (earlier systems only), allowing the system to adapt to the clinical envi-
ronment. The touch screen portion of the control panel can be angled independently for
optimal viewing.

Audio Speakers/Microphone
Integrated audio speakers move with control panel to focus the sound toward the user.
Installed microphone allows voice recording on videotape.

High-Resolution Display
The optimized and high-fidelity ultrasound data of the SONOLINE Elegra ultrasound sys-
tem is displayed on a proprietary, high-resolution, non-interlaced monitor:
15-inch, high-resolution, non-interlaced, 68 Hz display
1,024-line monitor with custom phosphor to enhance ultrasound images
The display matrix is 1,024x768 pixels with a large, recordable image size of 888x666
pixels
Monitor can tilt (15), swivel (178) and extend; left or right mounting option

Transducer Ports
Access to three (four on SONOLINE Elegra Advanced configuration) transducers and
one dedicated CW transducer with electronic switching (depending on configuration).

Transducer Storage
On-board storage for specialty transducers and cable management provides easy
access and increased security.
The platform provides four transducer holders with a unique locking design to secure
transducer and cables during transit.

System Input/Output
Input: NTSC or PAL; R, G, B, Sync; Audio (R/L); S-VHS
Output: NTSC or PAL; S-VHS; Y/C; R, G, B, Sync; B/W Composite; Audio (R/L);
Ethernet; RS-232; RJ-11 (service modem)
Video Standard (NTSC/EIA: 525 lines, 60 Hz; PAL/CCIR: 625 lines, 50 Hz)
Internal modem for remote system diagnostics in selected geographical regions
Stereo headphone jack

Optional Features
The SONOLINE Elegra Advanced configuration provides an equivalent 256 channels of
real-time, high-resolution ultrasound system using all-digital beamformer technology.
The SONOLINE Elegra standard configurations provides an equivalent 128 channels of
real-time, high-resolution ultrasound system using all-digital beamformer technology.
Programmable Image Processor: Siemens is proud to provide the fully integrated,
highly flexible image processor.
This device provides super-computer processing power that will support a number of
real-time image analysis, quantification and reconstruction techniques. The program-
mable nature of these electronics provides the foundation for easy integration and
faster delivery of new processing and analysis algorithms.

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

1.1.4 Intended Use


The SONOLINE Elegra ultrasound system is intended for use in several types of exams,
comprising the following five application packages:
General
Small Parts
OB/GYN
Neonatal
Vascular
Urology
Each application package includes:
Imaging Presets
Pictograms
Annotation Labels
Measurements
Reports

1.2 Image Review, Documentation Devices, and Storage

1.2.1 CINE Review


CINE feature offers post-acquisition optimization of a number of imaging parameters.
In mixed mode (B/M, B/D, B/C/D), individual modes can be played back independently.
Standard CINE Memory: 36 MB providing up to 200 B-mode or 130 color Doppler frames
Optional CINE Memory: 96 MB providing up to 1,024 B-mode or 520 color Doppler frames
Up to 380 seconds Doppler CINE
Up to 170 seconds M-mode CINE
Six playback speeds (six for B and B/C mode; two for D and M mode)

1.2.2 Post-Processing Features (Freeze Frame or CINE)


B mode:
Zoom/pan
Dynamic range
Gray map
Measurements/annotations/pictograms
Color:
Zoom/pan
Color map
Color invert
Color baseline shift
Color display on/off
Color priority
Peak hold
Measurements/annotations/pictograms

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Doppler:
Baseline shift
Spectral dynamic range
Gray map
Angle correct
Derived waveform Doppler trace
Spectral invert
Measurements/annotations/pictograms
M mode:
Dynamic range
Measurements/annotations/pictograms

1.2.3 Documentation Devices

NOTICE All documentation devices are available in NTSC or PAL format.

Printers:
Analog Color Video Printer Sony UP-1850
Analog Color Video Printer Mitsubishi CP700
Digital Color Video Printer Sony UP-5600
B/W Video Printer Sony UP-890
Video Cassette Recorder:
VCR Sony SVO-9500
Camera:
B/W Multiformat Camera Visiplex CCM 601

1.2.4 Magneto-Optical Disk Drive


3.5-inch, 640 MB magneto-optical (MO) disk drive
Used for installing system software upgrades
Used to store user presets

1.3 Measurements, Calculations, and Reports


Measurements are available on live/frozen images and CINE playback.
Distance:
(six cursor sets) on the same frozen image
one set on a live image
depth from skin line
Area, circumference, and volume:
(six) two-point ellipses for circumference/area/volume
trace (circ/area)
single plane volume
biplane volume
M-mode measurements:
distance
heart rate

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Doppler measurements:
velocity/frequency; slope
time averaged max. velocity (TAMx)
time averaged mean velocity (TAMn)
heart rate
resistive index (RI)
pulsatility index (PI)
S/D ratio, flow volume using diameter, area
Auto trace function to simplify Doppler measurements

1.3.1 B-Mode Measurements


Anterior-posterior Abdominal Diameter (APAD)
Cervix Length
Cisterna Magna
Clavicle
Hemispheric Width (HW)
Lateral Ventricular Width (LVW)
Nuchal Thickness
Ocular Diameter
Occipital-frontal Diameter (OFD)
Placental Thickness and Radius
Anterior-posterior Renal Diameter
Renal Length
Transverse Abdominal Diameter (TAD)
Transcerebellar Diameter (TCD)
Thoracic Circumference (TC)
Umbilical Vein Diameter (Um VD)

1.3.2 Doppler Measurements


Arcuate Artery
Fetal Aorta
Fetal Heart Rate
Middle Cerebellar Artery (MCA)
Ovarian Artery
Uterine Artery
Umbilical Artery

1.3.3 M-Mode Measurements


Fetal Heart Rate

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1.3.4 Obstetrics Calculations


Menstrual Age and Estimated Date of Confinement by LMP
Menstrual Age by Single Parameter:
Gestational Sac Diameter (GSD)
Crown Rump Length (CRL)
Biparietal Diameter (BPD)
Head Circumference (HC)
Abdominal Circumference (AC)
Femur Length (FL)
Humerus Length (HL)
Foot Length
Tibial Length
Ulnar Length
Binocular Distance
Menstrual Age by Multiple Parameters
Estimated Date of Confinement by Ultrasound Age
Estimated Fetal Weight (EFW)

1.3.5 Growth Evaluation


Ratios: Cephalic Index (CI), HC/AC, FL/AC, FL/HC, FL/BPD, LVW/HW, TCD/AC
Curves: CRL, BPD, HC, AC, FL, Humerus, EFW

1.3.6 Abdomen Calculations


General abdomen exam
Small parts exam
Renal exam
On-screen annotations and pictograms

1.3.7 Vascular Calculations and Report


Cerebrovascular exam, work sheet, and report:
ICA/CCA ratio
MCA/ICA ratio
Extremity arterial exam and report
Extremity venous exam
On-screen annotations and pictograms

1.4 Signal Processing


A total system dynamic range of up to 159 dB provides superb contrast resolution
throughout the image.
SynAps technology provides receive apertures two to three times larger than con-
ventional ultrasound scanners.
Dual Channel Processing provides double the frame rate of conventional systems.
Total system frequency response range (at -3 dB) of 2.0 MHz to 10.0 MHz.
Multi-frequency transmit on all transducers.

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

Independent receive gain, transmit power and transmit frequency controls for all ded-
icated modes and mixed-mode displays.
The Res/Speed control balances line density and frame rate for each mode.
Frame rates up to 150 fps (depending on configuration).
The 8 DGC slide pots can be configured to control gain evenly across the current
image depth or across the maximum image depth for the transducer in use.

1.5 Imaging Modes and Features

1.5.1 B Mode
Available on all curved, linear, and phased array transducers
Full screen, dual imaging
B-mode line density up to 512 lines
Persistence: five levels
Edge enhancement: four levels
Display dynamic range: +30 dB to +70 dB in five-decibel increments
Gain: -20 dB to +60 dB in two-decibel increments
Seven user-selectable gray maps

1.5.2 M Mode
Available on all curved, linear and phased array transducers
Full screen, B/M mode
Three sweep rates (1.8 cm/sec., 3.7 cm/sec., 7.4 cm/sec.)
M-mode specific dynamic range control
Three imaging formats: 1/3-2/3, 2/3-1/3, 1/2-1/2

1.5.3 Spectral Doppler


Available on all curved, linear and phased array transducers
Full screen, B/D mode
Three sweep rates (1.8 cm/sec., 3.7 cm/sec., 7.4 cm/sec.)
Three imaging formats: 1/3-2/3, 2/3-1/3, 1/2-1/2

1.5.4 Color Doppler and Power Doppler T.E.M.


Available on all transducers
B/C mode, dual B/C Mode
B/C/D mode (real-time triplex), B/C/D Mode (update)
B/C/D mode simultaneous

1.5.5 B/W SieScape Imaging


Large field of view images are possible with real-time, high-resolution gray scale imaging.
These images present ultrasound information in anatomical context, eliminating the need
to mentally piece together successive images of a scan.
SieScape Imaging uses any imaging transducers
SieScape images may be created up to 60 cm (23.6 in.) in length

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

No position-sensing attachments are required


A unique CINE display provides review capability of all the individual data frames that
make up the SieScape image

1.5.6 Color SieScape Imaging


Color SieScape imaging is a combination of live SieScape imaging and live Power mode
acquisition, using a Peak Hold display technology. All Power information is preserved dur-
ing image acquisition. Most importantly, the peak of the signal is saved for the compounded
Color SieScape image.
Color Siescape imaging provides same extended field of view technology as black and
white SieScape imaging
Color Siescape imaging is useful for showing the presence of blood flow and
2D -mode anatomy in exams such as OB, Abdominal Vascularity (for characterizing
aortic abdominal aneurysms), and Vascular studies with Vein Mapping or Grafts
Functions and capabilities available in black and white SieScape imaging also apply to
Color SieScape imaging

NOTICE Use of Color SieScape imaging requires prior installation of the B/W SieScape option.

1.5.7 3-Scape 3-D Imaging


The 3-Scape 3-D imaging feature can be used to image any structure where a view can-
not be achieved by standard 2D-mode ultrasound to improve understanding of complex
structures (for example, the coronal view of any organ and oblique (arbitrary) slices of fetal
anatomy).
Ultrasound data based on three-dimensional methods assist the diagnostic process and
are well suited to viewing and adjusting 3-Scape images (for example, arbitrary slicing, vol-
ume rendering, rotation and zooming in on localized areas of interest).

NOTICE Using the 3-Scape option requires software version 4.3 or higher and a 9 GB hard disk drive.

The 3-Scape option includes the following features:


3-Scape Setup Live: During 3-Scape Setup Live, one can optimize the image for
3-Scape acquisition and make system adjustments to provide information that enables
the system to compute the scan duration.
3-Scape Acquire: During 3-Scape Acquire, one can obtain 2D-mode images in a sin-
gle, continuous scan sweep, using careful scanning technique. One can acquire a
3-Scape image using either linear or rocked motion.
High-Resolution Reconstruction: To maximize scan and volume reconstruction speed
during acquisition and display, the system performs an initial low resolution volume recon-
struction. To obtain high-resolution images, select the High Resolution control.
Arbitrary Slicing: During post-processing, any arbitrary 2D-mode image plane can
be extracted from a volume with the orthogonal views shown simultaneously in a four-
quadrant display. This known as Multi-Planar Reformatting (MPR).
Volume Rendering: During post-processing, the system displays a maximum inten-
sity projection (MIP) reconstructed volume. The volume is composed of voxels, where
a voxel is the smallest element of a volume (three-dimensional pixel).
Full Review Interactivity: Images of anatomy appear in an intuitively straightforward
manner. When reviewing the volume, the 3-D image of an organ appears realistic.
Also, blood flow through the cardiac cycle is viewed as three-dimensional.

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

1.5.8 Photopic
Photopic Ultrasound Imaging is designed to improve visibility of patterns and lesions
especially in low contrast organs (as typically found in abdominal and small parts exams).
Photopic imaging applies histogram equalization to the grayscale data to optimize the
brightness and contrast of conventional, grayscale, 2D real-time images and then colorizes
them. A color lookup table is then applied to further stimulate and take advantage of photo-
pic vision. Thus, Photopic imaging allows better contrast resolution, especially in more
homogeneous tissue and permits viewing of ultrasound images in bright ambient light.
Photopic imaging functions in real time and as a post-processing feature. It is available in
the following modes:
2D imaging
Duplex 2D/M and 2D/D
Dual 2D, including dual live
The Photopic feature is accessed through Page 1 of the 2D folder on the touchscreen.

1.5.9 SieFlow
SieFlow Imaging is a specialized 2D mode imaging feature that forms 2D-mode images
from the received echo data using a patented phase inversion technology. The images are
optimized for displaying blood flow, which provides the following advantages over compa-
rable Doppler data-gathering techniques:
Fewer complications caused by wall motion
Less dependence on scan angle
Improved visualization of hemodynamic patterns
Improved viewing of structures surrounding areas of turbulence
Demonstration of turbulence with minimal artifacts
The SieFlow feature is accessed through Page 1 of the 2D folder on the touchscreen.

1.5.10 Image Depth Field of View


Up to 24.0 cm, in one-centimeter increments

1.5.11 Focusing
Up to eight transmit focal zones
Continuous dynamic receive focusing
Auto focus or manual focus

1.5.12 Magnification
Read/write zoom with image pan:
Available on live imaging
Preserves full image resolution within the zoom ROI
Up to 8x read/write zoom
Read-only zoom with image pan
Available on frozen images and CINE images
Magnifies the current on-screen image
Up to 8x read-only zoom

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

1.6 Image Orientation and Display Formats


All formats can be inverted (U/D) and flipped (L/R).
Single and Dual B formats, B+Color, B+Doppler
Sector: selectable field of view from 15 to 90, in 5-degree increments
Virtual Curved: selectable field of view up to 90, in 5-degree increments, on linear
transducers
Steerable Linear: variable steering angles of the B mode, Color and Doppler
Curved: selectable field of view from 15 to 140, in 5-degree increments, depending
upon transducer
On-screen transmit power indicator
On-screen acoustic power indicator (AIUM/NEMA output display standard)

1.7 PW Doppler Multi-Spectrum Synthesizer


The Multi-Spectrum Synthesizer samples, analyzes, and compounds multiple Doppler data
sets producing wide dynamic range Doppler with high sensitivity and accurate flow estimation.
FFT processing: 64 to 256 points
FFT speed: up to 550 FFTs per second at the highest sweep speed
Four factory-defined gray maps
Display dynamic range: 25 dB to 60 dB in five-decibel increments
Gain: 0 to 84 dB in two-decibel increments
PRF range: 1,100 Hz to 37,500 Hz
Angle correction in one-degree increments
Frequency range of PW Doppler system: 2.0 MHz to 9.0 MHz
Gate size: from 0.1 cm to 2.25 cm, depending on transducer
Wall filters for PW Doppler: 25 Hz to 400 Hz
Velocity range: 0.43 mm/s to 1100 cm/s (with High PRF)
Eight levels of baseline shift
Spectral in invert
Three Doppler sweep speeds (1.8 cm/s, 3.7 cm/s, 7.4 cm/s)
Derived waveform Doppler trace function analyzes frozen Doppler spectra for mean
and maximum velocity information. Waveform may be set to trace above baseline,
below baseline, or both.
Automatic Waveform Trace simplified Doppler measurement by automatically calcu-
lating PS, ED, MD, TAMx, TAMn, PI, RI, and S/D after selection of a cardiac cycle.

1.7.1 Color Doppler


Patented Lossless Tissue Filter processes 100% of the phase and amplitude data for
excellent slow flow detection and high spatial resolution.
Twelve user-selectable color maps
System frequency range of color Doppler; 2.0 MHz to 10.0 MHz (at -3 dB)
PRF range: 200 Hz to 20,000 Hz
Gain: 0 dB to 100 dB in one-decibel increments
Peak hold display
Nine wall filters for color Doppler
Velocity Range: 0.25 cm/s to 656 cm/s
Up to 512 color samples per color flow data line

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SONOLINE Elegra Ultrasound Imaging System - System Overview

Up to 256 B-mode lines plus 170 color flow lines


Sixteen levels tissue/color priority
Five levels of color smoothing
Color ensemble size range: user-selectable 6 to 20 transmit pulses per color line
Color persistence: eight levels
Color invert

1.7.2 Power Doppler T.E.M.


Transparent Energy Mode (T.E.M.) provides improved sensitivity, angle independence
and freedom from aliasing.
Background color on and off
Persistence: eight levels
Color ensemble size range: user-selectable 6 to 20 transmit pulses per color line
PRF range: 200 Hz to 20,000 Hz
Gain: 0 dB to 100 dB in one-decibel increments
Wall filters for color Doppler: 5 Hz to 5,000 Hz
Sixteen levels tissue/color Doppler priority
Five levels of color smoothing
Twelve color power maps

1.7.3 M Mode
M-mode zoom: eight levels
Edge enhancement: four levels
Display dynamic range: +30 Hz to +70 dB in five-decibel increments
Gain: -20 dB to +60 dB in two-decibel increments
Sweep speed: three levels

1.7.4 Continuous Wave Doppler


Supports 8 MHz and 4 MHz transducers

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