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International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering

Website: (ISSN 2250-2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 3, Issue 12, December 2013)

Android Based Appliances Control System

Belgi Y.G.1, Avatade P.G.2, Deshmukh P.V.3, Sakhare A.M.4, Shinde A.J.5 and Prof. Patil J.M.6
1, 2, 3,4,5,6
Department of EXTC Engineering, BMIT College Sholapur, Sholapur University, India
Abstract As the world gets more and more Android is a customizable platform that can look and
technologically advanced, we find new technology coming in feel very different on every different handsets. Android
deeper and deeper into our personal lives even at home. Home gives us tools for creating apps that looks great and take
automation is becoming more popular around the world and more advantage of the hardware capabilities available on
is becoming a common practice. The process of home
each device. Android is mainly based on Linux operating
automation works by making everything in the house
automatically controlled using technology to control and do system which uses java- like languages for running
the jobs that we would normally do manually. Our project applications. The purpose of use of android in our project is
illustrates Appliance Control System accessed by a remote to send the control signals from smart phone through
device such as mobile phone to allow owner to control, Bluetooth. [3]
monitor and coordinate the appliances.
B. PIC Microcontroller
Keywords Android Operating System (AOS), Bluetooth, PIC microcontroller can be used as the brain to control
Remote Devices, Home Automation. a large variety of products, in order to control large
devices. It is necessary to interface (connect) them to the
I. INTRODUCTION microcontroller. In our project we have used PIC16F877
This project is a fine combination of Android mobile which is 8 bit, RISC type, 40 pin IC. This PIC will differ
technology and embedded system. An application should from other PICs because of the features like 10 bit, 8
be installed on android mobile handset to control various channels inbuilt ADC, inbuilt PWM, one 8 bit USART,
home appliances. User can send commands using that three timers.[4]
application. Wireless controlling technique used in this In our project the microcontroller communicates with
project is Bluetooth technology. This Bluetooth device is the Bluetooth module through its TX and RX pins. The
connected to the circuit which sends code for respective serial control command send through the smart phone is
command sent by user. Then the respective device received by the Bluetooth module and processed by PIC
connected to the circuit will be turned on or off depending microcontroller. The corresponding port pins are enabled to
on the command given. [1, 2] switch on appliances. A 12MHz crystal connected between
The system contains two units, one is process unit & pins 13 and 14 along with two 33pF capacitors provides the
other is monitoring unit. Process unit consists of PIC basic clock frequency to microcontroller.
microcontroller, Bluetooth for communication, LCD for C. Bluetooth module
display, dimmer circuit for appliance controlling. Monitor
unit consists of Smart phone. Using smart phone, we can Bluetooth was selected as our way of communicating
switch devices ON/OFF, also control fan speed. mobile with a central system. Bluetooth module receives
The system has been developed and implemented as the data serially in RS232 format from controller and sends
described in this paper is capable to control fan speed and it to wireless network. For interfacing it with
light intensity. [4, 5] microcontroller we need to build the circuit because
Bluetooth module understands data in RS232 standard and
controller understands data in TTL format. So we need to
design circuit to make these two compatible with each
A. Android other.
A Smartphone is a mobile phone built on a mobile Bluetooth module we are using is LM400 from LM
operating system, with more advanced computing technology. LM400 is designed to provide Bluetooth
capability and connectivity than a feature phone. Android is 2.0+EDR function on small form factor. The Bluetooth
a software stack for mobile devices that includes an function is based on CSR blue core 4-EXT Bluetooth
operating system, middleware and key applications. system, which implements the full speed class 1 Bluetooth
Android, by simple definition, is an operating system for operations with full seven slave piconet support. [5]
many mobile phones.

International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering
Website: (ISSN 2250-2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 3, Issue 12, December 2013)

Fig.1. Bluetooth Module

D. Dimmer circuit
Dimmer are devices used to vary the brightness of a
light, by decreasing or increasing the RMS voltage. It is Fig.3.Block Diagram of Dimmer Ckt.
possible to vary the intensity of light and speed of fan by
using the number of types of dimmers. Modern dimmers III. BLOCK DIAGRAM
are built from silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) instead of
variable resistor, because they have higher efficiency. Since Power supply
silicon controlled rectifier switches between a low
resistance ON state and a high resistance OFF state, it
dissipates very little power compared with the controlled
load. Dimmer circuit is based on SCR control circuit which
is used in lightning control and fan speed control.[7]

Fig.4. Block Diagram Of Power Supply

Process unit
The Process unit will consist of microcontroller, LCD to
see the process of the project, Bluetooth module, used to
communicate with Android Phone. With respect to
received settings we can ON or OFF the appliances.
The Monitor unit will consist of Smart Phone with
Bluetooth module and Android. Using smart phone, we can
control the home appliances & it will be send to process
unit. [7]
Fig.2.Circuit Diagram of Dimmer Ckt.

International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering
Website: (ISSN 2250-2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 3, Issue 12, December 2013)
[1] N. Sriskanthan and Tan Karand, (2002) Bluetooth Based Home
Automation System, Journal of Microprocessors and Microsystems,
Vol. 26, pp.281-289
[2] Muhammad Izhar Ramli, Mohd Helmy Abd Wahab, Nabihah,(2006)
DEVICES ONLINE ,Nornabihah Ahmad International Conference
on Science and Technology: Application in Industry and Education.
[3] Anuja.P, PG scholar and T.Murugeswari, (2013)A Novel Approach
Towards Building Automation Through DALI-WSN Integration
Vol. 3, Issue 4.
[4] R.A.Ramlee, M.H.Leong, R.S.S.Singh, M.M.Ismail, M.A.Othman,
H.A.Sulaiman, M.H.Misran, M.A.Meor Said,(2013) Bluetooth
Remote Home Automation System Using Android Application Vol.
2, pp 149-153.
[5] The Bluetooth website from Bluetooth SIG:
[6] Kwang Yeol Lee & Jae Weon Choi, (2003)Remote-Controlled
Home Automation System via Bluetooth Home Network in SICE
Annual Conference in Fukui,Vol. 3, pp. 2824-2829 .
[7] Carelin Felix, I. Jacob Raglend,(2011)Home Automation Using
GSM International Conference on Signal Processing,
Communication, Computing and Networking Technologies.
Fig.5.Block Diagram of Process Unit