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# 1.

## For an ideal 3000 Hz channel, S/N ratio is

A. 3

B. 1.5

C. 4

D. 2
Explanation:

= 26000/3000 - 1 = 3.

2. Which of the following types of noise assumes greater importance at high frequencies?
A. Transit time noise

B. Shot noise

C. Impulse noise

D. Random noise
Explanation:
At high frequencies time period of wave and transit time become comparable.

## 3. In transistor radio receivers the number of IF amplifier stages are

A. 1

B. 2

C. 4

D. 6
Explanation:
Two IF amplifier stages are very commonly used.

Explanation:

## 5. If each short element of signal occupies 20 ms, the speed is

A. 20 bauds

B. 50 bauds

C.
bauds

D. 0.05 bauds
Explanation:

.
6. It is found that in a telephone system 60 subscribers initiate calls during a 30 minute interval and
the total duration of all the calls is 100 minutes. The load is
A. 2

B. 3 erlang

C. 3.333 erlang

D. 0.333 erlang
Explanation:

.

## 7. E and H fields are perpendicular to each other.

A. True

B. False
Explanation:
Radio waves have very high speed equal to that of light but speed of sound waves is very low.

## 8. Consider the following:

1. A TV receiver antenna should pick up the TV signal and develop maximum voltage from the
available strength of signal
2. It should reject unwanted signals
3. It should not suffer from co-channel interference
4. It should have a very narrowband
The correct statements are
A. 1 and 2 only

B. 1, 2 and 3 only

C. 1, 2, 3, 4

D. 2, 3 only
Explanation:
The band should not be narrow.

A. doubled

## C. decreased four times

D. halved
Explanation:
SNR changes in the ratio of square of change in bandwidth.

## 10. Directivity means

A. maximum directive gain

## C. minimum directive gain

D. none of the above
Explanation:
Directivity means maximum directive gain.

11. If the oscillator output is modulated by audio frequencies upto 10 kHz, the frequency range
occupied by the side bands will be
A. 711.9 kHz to 712.1 kHz

## D. 71.2 kHz to 71.20 kHz

Explanation:
L = 50 mH, C = ln F

.

## 12. The power to the portable unit of a cordless telephone is provided by

A. pencil cells

B. dry cells

C. rechargeable cells

D. AC mains
Explanation:
Rechargeable cells feed the portable unit.

13. In a AM wave the carrier and one of the side bands is suppressed. If m = 0.5, the percentage
saving in power is
A. 50%

B. 83.3%

C. 94.4%
D. 100%
Explanation:

.

## 14. Computer communication networks have

A. star configuration

B. tree configuration

C. loop/mesh configuration

## D. All of the above

Explanation:
All the three configurations are used.

## 15. Assertion (A): A balun is an RF impedance matching transformer.

Reason (R): Sometimes a booster amplifier is used with a TV set.
A. Both A and R are correct and R is correct explanation of A

## D. A is wrong but R is correct

Explanation:
Balun gives a 4 : 1 impedance transformation. In areas where TV reception is poor, booster is
used to strengthen a TV signal.

16. In an FM system, when the AF is 500 Hz and the AF voltage is 2.4 V, the deviation is 4.8 kHz. If
the AF voltage is now increased to 7.2 V, the new deviation will be
A. 4.8 kHz

B. 9.6 kHz

C. 14.4 kHz
D. 28.8 kHz
Explanation:

## f' = 2 x 7.2 14.4 kHz

New frequency donation will be 14.4 kHz.

## 17. Modulation is also called detection.

A. True

B. False
Explanation:
Demodulation is called detection.

A. its frequency

B. its power

## D. none of the above

Explanation:
Both power and frequency determine the maximum range.

## 19. Consider the following statements about Yagi Uda antenna

1. It is unidirectional
2. Its gain is about 7 dB
3. It is used at VLF
4. The optimum separation is 0.11
Which of the above are correct?
A. 1 and 2 only

B. 1, 2, 4 only

C. 1, 2, 3, 4

D. 1 and 4 only
Explanation:
This antenna is for UHF and VHF bands.

20. In a two stage cascade amplifier, each stage has a gain of 10 dB and noise figure of 10 dB. The
overall noise factor is
A. 10

B. 1.09

C. 1

D. 10.9
Explanation:

.

## 21. Fields are said to be circularly polarised if their magnitudes are

A. equal and they are in phase

## D. unequal but are in phase

Explanation:
Magnitudes should be equal and phase angle 90.

22. Three analog signals, having bandwidths 1200 Hz, 600 Hz, 600 Hz are sampled at their Nyquist
rates, encoded with 12 bit words, and time division multiplexed. The bit rate for the multiplexed
signal is
A. 115.2 kbps

B. 28.8 kbps

C. 57.6 kbps

D. 38.4 kbps
Explanation:
The total message bandwidth = 1200 Hz + 600 Hz + 600 Hz = 2400 Hz
Sampling frequency = 4800 samples/sec.
Hence, Bit rate = 4800 x 12

57.6 kbps.

## 23. In a CD player the speed of CD is

A. constant at 500 rpm

## D. none of the above

Explanation:
Since the circumference of outer tracks is more than that of tracks near the centre, the speed of
disc is varied from 200 rpm to 500 rpm.

24. In the output of a DM speech encoder, the consecutive pulses are of opposite polarity during
time interval t1 < t < t2. This indicates that during this interval
A. the input to the modulator is essentially constant

## D. the speech signal is being sampled at the Nyquist rate

Explanation:
In delta modulator, when consecutive pulses of polarity are opposite then signal is constant.
25. A fascimile reproduction has a specification of 200 lines per frame, progressive scanning and 5
frames per second. The time to scan one line is
A. 5 ms

B. 2.5 ms

C. 1 ms

D. 0.1 ms
Explanation:

.

## 26. Consider the following features of monochrome TV

1. Number of lines per picture 625
2. Interlace ratio 2 : 1
3. Aspect ratio 4 : 3
4. Channel bandwidth 8 MHz
As regards CCIR system B, which of the above are correct?
A. 1, 2, 3, 4

B. 1, 2, 3

C. 1, 2, 4

D. 2, 3, 4
Explanation:
Channel bandwidth is not 8 MHz.

27. In the absence of noise, if C is channel capacity in bits/s, f is channel bandwidth in Hz and N is
number of coding levels. Then
A. C = log2 N

B. C = (f) log2 N

C. C = 2 (f) log2 N

## D. C = 0.5 (f) log2 N

Explanation:
Hartley law C = 2 f log2N.

28. The open loop gain of an amplifier is 50 but is likely to change by 20%. If negative feedback with
= 0.1 is used, the change in gain will be about
A. 20%

B. 10%

C. 4%

D. 0.05%
Explanation:

.
Change in gain is about 4%.

## 29. Audio amplifiers need

A. Bass control

B. Treble control

## D. Either Bass or Treble control

Explanation:
Bass means low frequency tones and treble means high frequency tones.

30. The open loop gain of an amplifier is 200. If negative feedback with = 0.2 is used, the closed
loop gain will be
A. 200

B. 40

C. 4.878

D. 1.212
Explanation:

.

## 31. In a TV, studio the function of vision switcher is to

A. edit television programs

## D. mix audio and video signals

Explanation:
Viscon switcher has a provision to select any one or more of a large number of inputs and
switching then on to outgoing circuits.

32.
In the equation of M-ary PSK signal (where Ey is symbol energy), M becomes large.
Then d will approach
A. 2

B. infinity

C. zero

D. 1
Explanation:
When M is large, sine term will tend to zero.

33. The trapezoidal pattern of figure is obtained when examining an AM wave by an oscilloscope.
Modulation factor of the wave is

A. 0.33

B. 0.5

C. 2
D. 1
Explanation:

.

A. red colour

B. blue colour

C. green colour

## D. red and blue colours

Explanation:
Y = 0.3 R + 0.59 G + 0.11 B.

35. To ensure good transient response in audio systems the natural frequencies should be
A. above 40 Hz and below 15 kHz

B. above 40 Hz

C. above 15 kHz

## D. below 40 Hz and above 15 kHz

Explanation:
The useful audio range is 40 Hz to 15 kHz. Therefore natural frequency should be outside this
range.

## 36. If k is dielectric constant of a medium, the velocity factor in that medium is

A. 3

B.

C. (k)1/3

D.
Explanation:

.

37. An AM signal and a narrowband FM signal with identical carriers, modulating signals and
modulation index of 0.1 are added together. The resultant signal can be closely approximated by

C. DSB-SC

## D. SSB without carrier

Explanation:
s(t)AM + s(t)NBFM = A1 sin ct + A2 cos ct + (A - B) m
m(t) sin ct
it will not be NBFM because = 0.1, and SSB with carrier.

38. The equation v(t) = A cos [ct + (t)] where A and c are constant and (t) is a function of base
signal represents
1. Phase modulation
2. Amplitude modulation
3. Angle modulation
4. Frequency modulation
Which of the above are true?
A. 3 only

B. 1, 3 and 4

C. 1, 2, 3, 4

D. 3 and 4 only
Explanation:
This equation can represent frequency, angle and phase modulation.
39. An FM signal with deviation is passed through mixer. Its frequency is reduced five fold. The
deviation in output of mixer is
A. 0.28

B.

C. 5

## D. very very high

Explanation:
Deviation is not affected by mixer.

## 40. The total number of channels allotted for cellular telephone is

A. 666

B. 333

C. 221

D. 111
Explanation:
Cellular telephones have been assigned 666 channels (826 to 845 MHz and 870 to 890 MHz).
Each channel has width of 30 kHz.

41.
The F.T. of {e-1 (t)} is equal to . Therefore

is
A. ef (f)

B. e-f (f)

C. ef (-f)

D. e-f (-f)
Explanation:
Apply duality property.

j F[g(t)] G(f)
F[G(t)] G(-f).

## 42. Sound waves are electromagnetic waves.

A. True

B. False
Explanation:
Sound waves are not electromagnetic in nature.

## 43. In major diatonic musical scale, an octave is divided into

A. 12 intervals

B. 10 intervals

C. 7 intervals

D. 5 intervals
Explanation:
A major diatomic scale has 7 intervals between one octave.

44. The bandwidth of DSB suppressed carrier modulation system when the modulating frequency
varies between 500 Hz and 5 kHz is
A. 555 kHz

B. 505 kHz

C. 500 kHz

D. 9 kHz
Explanation:

## Bandwidth = 2 fm 2 x 4.5 kHz = 9 kHz.

45. The filter circuit for feeding a wooffer has
A. an inductance in series and capacitance in parallel

## D. an inductance in series and a resistance in parallel

Explanation:
Series inductance and shunt capacitance is a low pass circuit.

## 46. The Hilbert transform of cos 1t + sin 2t is

A. sin 1t + cos 2t

B. sin 1t - cos 2t

C. cos 1t - cos 2t

D. - sin 1t + cos 2t
Explanation:
J[s(t)] = s(t + 90).

47. In ionosphere incidence angle is 60. The maximum usable frequency fm is equal to
A. 2fc

B. fc

C. 0.5 fc

D. 3 fc
Explanation:

.

## 48. The generally used value of EHV supply in TV receivers is

A. 1 kV per diagonal cm

## C. 0.5 kV per diagonal cm

D. 0, 5 kV per diagonal inch
Explanation:
It is 1 kV per diagonal inch.

49. The number of channels available in MF band (300 kHz - 3 MHz) for AM modulating signal of 20
kHz is
A. 70

B. 67

C. 100

D. 150
Explanation:
In MF band, frequency space available

## = 3000 - 300 2700 kHz

when AM is used Bandwidth of each channel.
= 2 x 20 kHz = 40 kHz

.

## 50. The function of blend control in stereo system is

A. to dilute left channel