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1. A safe driving tips for two wheelers.

Transportation is most essential part of our life. Everyone is connected with traveling. We used to travel
for work place, as a pilgrims, as a tourist, migration, immigration and many more. While driving it is
necessary to be more cautious. I would like to lay some important tips for safe driving.

For Two-Wheelers:
1. Before starting driving, make a habit of pre-check your vehicle like loosening of clutch, break, in gear
or neutral, indicators, headlight (for night driving), mirrors etc.
2. Always wear fully cover helmet it is for your safety.
3. Avoid over speed, that may lead to severe accident.
4. Do not drive your vehicle in dilemma.
5. Before starting you should make a sketch of your route and destination in your mind.
6. While driving, you should be much extra cautious about the stray animals over the road.
7. It is proved many times that dogs are the most dangerous animals for two wheeler accidents. So, in
case of any dog at the road, reduce the speed of your vehicle to 20-30 km speed.
8. While turning and road crossing, use your mirror but do not fully depend on mirror.
9. Use your hand signals in advance before stopping, turning etc.
10.During night hours do not forgot to use indicators.
11.Dim and dip should also be used while driving at night. All vehicles are fitted with high beam
headlight and that may be one of the reasons for road accident.
12.Reduce the speed of your vehicle to 30-40km during rainy days.
13.Extra cautious about humps made in between the road.
14. Warning signals erected at the road ends may also be noticed.
15. Being a driver, you should acquire some knowledge of driving psychology.
16. Do not forgot to take driving license and other driving related records.
17. Do not shortcut method to adopt license that may kill your life. So, honestly try to pass your driving
test that will enhance your driving confidence.
18. Do not panic in adverse situation.
19. Always to try to control your vehicle to the utmost effort in case accident like situation.
20. Avoid talking with pillion while driving.
21. Avoid using cellphone and listening music though earphone while driving.
22. Do not mix drinking and driving.
23. Never forgot to clear the side stand before moving your vehicle.
I hope these points will definitely help the new drivers.


Follow these guidelines and kick start an awesome journey on the road.

Drive at steady speed.
Maintain correct tyre pressure.
Adjust drive chain tension correctly.
Get your engine tuned and motorcycle serviced regularly by a Hero MotoCorp authorised workshop.

Do not keep the clutch lever pressed while driving.
Do not run the engine in low gear for long times.
Do not park your motorcycle under direct sunlight as it causes evaporation of petrol.
Do not keep brake pedal pressed while riding.
Do not raise the engine rpm during traffic halts, switch OFF the engine if the halt is more than 30 seconds.
Do not cover inlet of air filter assembly.

Do not cover the engine in the front and sides. This may restrict the smooth air flow to the engine fins required for air cooling and the engine
may run at a higher temperature.

Stay Safe on the Road: 11 Tips for Owners

of Two Wheelers
Two-wheelers on the road are cursed by four wheeler drivers every day because they always seem to be
cutting ahead, riding on the pavements and getting home so much faster than their four-wheeled brothers.
Sure there are reasons to be jealous, but two-wheelers are much more at risk on the road. Chances are
everyone you know who rides a two-wheeler has gotten into at least one accident in their years on the
road. Here are some tips to keep in mind if you are contemplating picking up a bike for easier commute:

1. Protect yourself:

Invest in a good helmet. A lot of deaths happen due to injuries to the head. People have narrowly
escaped death because of the smart decision to wear helmets. You should get yourself a sturdy
helmet which covers the jaws. Some people wear a helmet just to avoid being fined by cops, but
remember that you wear a helmet for yourself. Secure the strap around your jaw. Is it really worth
such a big risk not to? Also, if you have pavilion riders, get an extra helmet. Their safety is in your
hands. Be responsible. Most of the time, you may not be at fault, but someone else who decides to
break the rules and causes an accident. Why should you and your pavilion rider pay the price?

Protect your eyes. Buy a helmet with a plastic face shield which will protect your eyes from rain,
dust, wind, insects etc.

If the climate allows, its a good idea to wear a leather jacket, boots and gloves as they will protect
you against bruises and minor injuries in case of a fall.
2. Make yourself visible:

Wearing either reflective bands over your helmet or a helmet that is of a bright colour. Also put
reflective bands on the sides and back of your two wheeler.

Make sure that you stay away from the blind spots of vehicles, trucks and buses in particular.

3. Maintain a safe distance from vehicles:

Never stop right behind or ahead of a vehicle. Make sure you have enough space to move around.
Avoid weaving in and out of traffic.Keep a distance while overtaking parked or moving vehicles or
while overtaking other vehicles on the road. Whether you are overtaking a moving, or even a
parked vehicle, make sure that you leave plenty of space. Do not try to cut ahead when there is
some space between two vehicles. That is for avoiding collisions. Be respectful.

4. Look out for obstacles and road hazards:

Garbage piles, speed breakers, oil spills, Pot-holes, railway crossings, dirt roads, stray animals
among others can all pose a serious threat if we are not careful.

5. Maintain your bike well:

Make sure your bike is in great condition by having it serviced regularly. Also try to check for
yourself before each ride. Look out for the condition of the brakes, air pressure, tyre condition,
horn, clutch, lights, suspension etc. If your bike is in good condition, it increases fuel efficiency
and reduces risks of accidents.

6. Make sure you follow all traffic rules. Signal your intentions well ahead and clearly so riders
around you know your next move. Do not press the brakes and turn abruptly.
7. Remember that your bike will not stop as soon as you press the brakes. This distance increases as
the speed increases. Take necessary steps.
8. Slow down and stop at every junction. You cannot predict where and when vehicles will come, no
matter how empty the roads may seem or how late in the night it is.
9. Never overtake on Junctions, Bridges, School Zones, Pedestrian Crossing as well as places marked
with yellow lines. Never overtake from the left.
10. If you need to pick up a call, pull over and then do so. Never text either while riding.
11. Be considerate of pedestrians. Give them way.

35 How to Apply Brakes on Indian Roads

I was told not to touch the front brake (when I was young)...

The first advice that I got when I was learning to ride a bicycle and also when I was learning to ride my
dads Bajaj scooter was Never touch the front brake, always brake using the rear brake.

I was told back then that using the front brake is dangerous. So I never used to touch the front brakes of
my bicycle or my dads scooter. In fact if I remember correctly, the front brake on our old scooter was
always disconnected..!! I also believe that many Indians do not use the front brakes while riding two

... but now I have the habit of using the Front brake more

The first advice that I got while riding a motorcycle from my younger brother (yep, my younger brother
introduced me to motorcycles) was to use the front brake more for braking. This was the gyan that he had
read from auto magazines which is correct but more apt for flawless roads/race tracks.
Later I realized (painfully) that this "copy+paste" gyan does not work perfectly for our less than perfect
Indian roads.

Using ONLY the Rear brake is unsafe

The practice of using only the rear brake to stop a two wheeler is actually unsafe. When we brake on a two
wheeler, the weight of the bike is transferred to the front of the bike (isnt the rider and the pillion is
thrown to the front?). If only the rear brake is engaged, the rear wheel can lose grip. The result could be a
On my bicycle or my dads scooter probably it was not an issue since my riding speed used to be quite
low. But after a couple of scary rear wheel slides on my brand new CBZ (in 1999), I was convinced that
using only the rear brake is not totally safe.

Using the Front brake too much can sometimes be dangerous on our Indian roads

I have had two instances of falling from a motorcycle because of using the Front brake more than the rear
brake. And both times it was not because I had squeezed the front brakes too hard nor was it because I was
at high speed. I was in fact riding only at 20-30 kmph when I had those spills.

Both times it was because the surface on which I braked was loose, the first time it was a patch of sand on
tarmac and the second was a broken patch of gravelly surface. I had just touched the front brakes and due
to the loose surface, the front wheel had got locked.
The two spills made me realize that there was some wisdom when I was told not to touch the front brake
when I was learning to ride a bicycle.

Reason: "A rear wheel lock results in a slide which is scary but can be controlled, but a front wheel lock
in most cases results in a fall.

One gets virtually no time to recover from a front wheel lock."

So whats the correct way to brake on our desi roads?

Its better to engage the rear brake first to slightly cut down the speed and then apply the front brake

This incidentally also also happens to be a sports bike braking technique.. this should also minimize the
chances of a front wheel lock in case of loose surface.

Some Simple Golden rules:

[1] Use both brakes while braking

[2] Use the rear brake more while riding on a broken patch/bad road

[3] Practice normal braking/panic braking.. practice, practice

About the role of clutch during braking:

For braking on public roads, ideally it's better NOT to depress the clutch lever during braking, this lets
what we call as "Engine Braking" take place which slows down the vehicle and also lets the rider remain
in control of the bike.

Engine braking + Application of both brakes is the best way one can stop a vehicle most effectively.
Depress the clutch lever just before the bike comes to a complete stop to prevent the engine from stalling.

This manner of braking of using "Engine Braking" + Application of brakes and then again depressing the
clutch lever just before the bike stops, needs some practice. Personally I am still trying to get over my
habit of depressing the clutch lever during Panic braking.

When I'm driving a two wheeler I shift gears

without disengaging the clutch. What is the
effect of this on my two wheeler?

In all motorcycles, you can shift from a lower to higher gear without using a clutch - in fact most pro
riders advise you to do this on modern bikes.

The reason this works is - When you are at a lower gear and move to a higher gear, the wheels and
transmission and bike momentum will easily absorb the energy from the piston and reduce its RPM.
Typically you have rolled off the throttle a bit before shifting up, therefore the engine is more easily
slowed down.

You can try it out and see that upshifting without clutch is as smooth as with clutch if you use the
throttle right.

Downshifting without clutch is not as smooth though - the engine has to be forced to rotate at a
higher RPM by the wheel instantly and this is very rarely smooth - even with a clutch, you need to
blip the throttle to equalize the RPMs if you want a perfect, smooth and fast shift.

So in conclusion, upshifting without clutch is OK, but downshifting is bad, however clutch plates are
cheap, gearboxes are expensive, so why not use the clutch for what it was intended?

On the race track, sometimes, that extra speed of shifting up without clutch may be useful, but in day
to day riding, there is not much to be gained from clutchless shifting.


This illustration shows inside of a typical two wheeler gearbox,

If you shift gears without using the clutch.
The teeth and the dogs that I have marked will Break at some point of time the time will be
unpredictable and the manner in which they will break is also unpredictable because the operation
that you are doing is putting a stress on them for which they are not designed.

A normal wear of gears on the flanks of the teeth is expected however that is very slow expected
wear which causes fine particles of metals to be formed and they will settle down in the oil sump, will
be attracted by the magnet at the bottom an not disturb much.

You operation will not cause wear it will cause an occasional breakage which mat not effect the
performance immediately but it will cause big lumps of metal jumping around the entire gearbox
including the clutch and everything. ( In bike mostly the clutch in oil immersed in the same enclosure
as the gearbox). In turn it could damage any part seriously.

And now the end result.

One day you will hear a big noise from inside your gearbox possible something even breaking the
casing and you will be stranded on the road. Or the least might be that you can not shift to a certain

If you are doing it to save the clutch wear then it is what should I say "Penny wise pound foolish"

The clutch is meant to wear as already said by others but the most important thing is that the
wearing parts of the clutch are non metallic and the products of the wear can not cause damage to
other parts.

Note : Only costly bikes could have synchromesh gears where the damage may not be as serious.


This can be understood by considering that the transmission is made up of two halves. One
connected to your wheels and one connected to your engine. While engaging gears the engine side
and wheel side are meshed. While pressing the clutch you are disconnecting the engine with the
transmission therefore the engine side of the transmission is free to rotate and will adapt to your
wheels speed when you engage a gear. When the clutch is released, you see a drop in engine rpm
which means the engine is adapting to the wheel speed in accordance to the load it is experiencing.

People change gears without clutch . I wouldnt recommend it because of the stresses developed in
the dogs in your transmission. Some people do it to prolong clutch life, but I would argue this by
saying , clutches are designed to be rubbed but dog clutches in your gear shifting system are not
supposed to be put under high stresses if not done properly. The speed of your engine and wheel
are not matched and therefore a lot can go wrong.If not rightly done, it could cause serious failure. If
you hear a grinding noise while changing, you are doing it wrong. Prefer using a clutch.