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Criteria for
of Various
Note - The Tolerances are based on good construction practices & field experience.

Tolerances in Finished Concrete:
The finished concrete shall be in proper position in space measured with
respect to certain reference. The tolerance in shape, line, dimension etc.
shall be as below. These tolerances apply to concrete dimensions & not to
positioning of vertical reinforcing steel of dowels. (IS456 Clause 11.1)

A) Deviation footing dimension.

a) In plan (-) 12mm to (+) 50mm.

b) Eccentricity 0.02 times width of the footing in direction of

deviation but not more than (+) 50mm.

c) Thickness. (+/-) 0.05 times the specified thickness

B) Deviation from specified dimension of column & beams (-) 6mm to (+)

Accuracy of Form work:

A) Adjustable steel props & Fork heads.

a) Prop undamaged & visibly not bent.

b) Plumb max. 25 mm over a height of 1mtr. (Within 1.5degree of


c) Prop placed centrally under the member, no eccentricity more

than 25mm.

B) Tube & coupler

a) Tube undamaged, not bent or creased with smooth square cut
ends. Other parts also undamaged.

b) Vertical plumb 15mm over 2 mtr height, max. 25mm.

c) Prop placed centrally under the member, no eccentricity more

than 25mm.

d) Adjustable fork head & base plate adequately braced or laced

when extension if more than 300 mm.

e) Soil plates to be horizontal(Tolerance max. 25mm in length of 1m)

C) Fabricated steel work.

a) For column length less than 1450mm not more than 5mm.

b) For column length more than 1450mm, deviation not more than
0.0035L or 25mm, whichever is less?

D) Camber: Cambers are provided as per drawings. Specifically for long

span & cantilevers

Tolerances - Stripping of Form work:

Forms shall not be released until the concrete has achieved strength of at
least twice the stress to which the concrete may be subjected at the time of
removal of formwork. It shall be guiding factor for removal of formwork, in
normal circumstances where ambient temperature does not fall below 15
degree C and where ordinary Portland cement is used & adequate curing is

a) Vertical formwork to columns, walls, beams (Corners/edges to remain

sharp after de-shuttering) 16-24 hrs.

b) Soffit formwork to slabs. (props to be re-fixed immediately after

removal of formwork) 3 Days

c) Soffit formwork to beams. (Props to be re-fixed immediately after

removal of formwork) 7 days.
d) Props to slabs:
a. Spanning up to 4.5m 7 days.
b. Spanning over 4.5m 14 days.
e) Props to beams & archer
a. Spanning up to 6m 14 days.
b. Spanning over 6m 21 days.

Recommended Spacing of Spans w.r.t. Slab Thickness
Allowable Span For Center line spanning(Total load incl.
Slab Thickness
180kg/Sq.m for Shuttering + live Load) (Span spacing C/c)
in mm
300 mm 600 mm 900 mm 1150 mm
100 8000 5630 4600 4000
115 7800 5500 4450 3850
125 7550 5300 4300 3750
150 7100 5000 4050 3550
180 6700 4750 3850 3350
200 6400 4500 3650 3200
250 5900 4100 3350 2800
300 5450 3700 3150 2450

Bending and cutting tolerances: bar dimensions specified (IS 1786/SP 34)
a) For straight bars (all lengths) (+ /) 25 mm
b) For min. length specified (+50/ 0) mm
c) For bent bars (length more than 250 mm (+) 7 mm/(-25) mm

Bar positioning tolerance:

a) For effective depth up to 200mm (+/-) 10mm
b) For effective depth more than 200mm (+/-) 15mm

Slump recorded after every 1 hour or 30 bags with recommended tolerance

as below. (IS 456 -2005)
a) When in mix design written as max or not to exceed. For specified
slump 75 mm tolerance 0 to (-) 35mm. For specified slump > 75mm,
tolerance 0 to (-) 60mm

b) When in mix design slump not written as max or not to exceed.

a. Specified slump < 50 mm tolerance (+/-) 15mm
b. Specified slump 51 to 100mm tolerance (+/-) 25mm
c. Specified slump > 100 mm tolerance (+/-) 40mm

Recommended Tolerances for RCC Product

A) General
a) Honeycombs Nil to Mild

b) Debris (Wooden Pieces Etc) Nil

c) Deep Pocket Beyond Rebars No

B) Footing
a) PCC True Horizontal Nil

b) Footing Dimensions (L, B & H) L, B (+50 to -12 mm)

H ( 0.05 H)

c) Footing Columns (Eccentricity) 50mm

C) Column
a) Starter Offset Max 2 mm

b) Column - Bulge Max 10 mm

c) Column Topi Max 3 mm

d) Column - Offset With Beam Max 4 mm

e) Column Plumb In Successive Floors Max 10 mm

D) Beam
a) Dimensions (B,D) +10mm to -5mm

b) Side Alignment Max 3mm

c) Bottom Alignment Max 3mm

d) Visible Deflection Nil to 3mm

E) Slab
a) Soffit Level / Deflection Nil to 3mm

b) Top Levels Nil to +10mm

F) Geometry (By Measurement)

a) Column/Beam/Paradi-Right Angle & Bulge -Bulge (+10mm to -

b) Column / Beam / Paradi Plumb 5mm

c) Column / Beam, Grid Distance 5mm

d) Beam Bottom/Slab Soffit-Deflection Max 3 mm (Span 3 m)

Max 30 mm (Span/1000)

e) Slab Top Level Difference +12 mm

Tolerance in other type of structure shall generally conform to those given

in Clause 2.4 of Recommended Practice for Concrete Formwork (ACI 347)

A) Anchor bolts without sleeves + 1.5 mm in plan

B) Anchor bolts with sleeves + 5.00 mm in elevation

a. For bolts up to & including 28 mm dia + 5 mm in all directions
b. For bolts 32 mm dia and above + 3 mm in all directions

C) Embedded parts - + 5 mm in all direction

Above acceptance criteria is general one, if anything else is specified in
drawing/specification of particular structure same will be followed.
Tolerances for Compressive strength of concrete cubes(IS 456-2005):
A) The test results of the sample shall be the average of the strength of
three Specimens. The individual variation should not be more than (+)
/ (-) 15 % of the average. If more, the test results of the sample are
B) Acceptable limits for the compressive strength of cubes
Specified Mean of 4 Non-overlapping consecutives test Individual test
Grade results in N/mm results in N/mm
> or=Fck + (0.825 established standard
M15 deviation) or Fck + 3 N/mm whichever is > or = Fck - 3 N/mm
> or=Fck + (0.825 established standard
M20 or
deviation) or Fck + 4 N/mm whichever is > or = Fck - 4 N/mm

2. Tolerances for Brick Work (Recommended)
Tolerance on brick dimensions shall be () 3% for Bricks Strength of 100 Kg/mm
and above: () 8% for lower designations below 100. Sampling and testing shall
be as per IS 5454:1978 and IS 3495:1992 respectively.

A. Plumb
i. External Wall (3 floor) - 12mm

ii. External Wall Opening - 12mm

iii. Internal Wall - 5mm

iv. Door Jambs - 5mm

v. Window Jambs - 5mm

B. Workmanship (Deviation)
i. Horizontal bed Joint - 6mm

ii. Vertical Joints - 10mm

iii. Joint Thickness - 3mm

iv. Cross wall Joints - 3mm

C. Room Dimension
i. Length - 10mm

ii. Breadth - 10mm

iii. Diagonal - 12mm

D. Lintel Level (Bottom) - 10mm

E. Level: Window bottom sill/parapet wall top - 12mm

F. Door/Window Location (Distance from side wall) - 15mm

G. Last (top) layer touching beam bottom, max - 0mm

Permitted gap

3.Tolerances for Plaster (Recommended)
A. Finished Internal Plaster
i. Plumb - 2mm

ii. Right angle ( 3 feet ) - 2mm

iii. Room dimension (Diagonal) - 12 mm

iv. Ceiling level - 3mm

v. Jamb (Width) - 2mm

vi. Lintel level - 2mm

vii. Corner / Edges ( visual ) - Minor variation

viii. Offsets - 2mm

ix. Level 300 mm above FFL - 1mm

x. Major cracks - Nil

xi. Delaminating (Hollow) - Nil

xii. Level diff. back coat (For tiling) - -3mm

B. Finished Internal Plaster

i. Plumb - Minor

ii. Plumb ( opening ) - Minor

iii. Lintel / Bottom sill ( openings ) - Minor

iv. Right angle - Minor

v. Undulations - Minor

vi. Edges / offsets / jambs - Minor

vii. Parapet top slope - 1mm

viii. Cracks parapet top - Minor

ix. Cracks concrete junctions - Minor

x. Level grooves ( depth / size ) - 1mm

xi. Pani Patti - 1mm

xii. Cornice ( Aesthetic ) - Minor

4. Tolerances for Flooring (Recommended)

A) During Tiling
a. Joints continuity/break joint etc. - Nil

b. Floor tile top level - 0.5 mm

c. Floor slope (as per drg.) - 4 mm

d. Floor tiles offset - 0.5 mm

e. Skirting at right angle to floor - Minor variation

B) After Tiling
a. Floor tile joints matching with skirting - 1mm

b. Variation in top level skirting - Nil

c. Variation in top thickness of skirting - 1mm

d. Tile joint filling quality (Level) - 1mm

e. Hollow tiles (by tapping) - Nil

f. Tile offset variation - 3mm

g. Wall Dado After

a. Variation in dado top level - 0.5 mm
(Finished surface)

b. Variation in plumb - 0.5 mm

c. Variation in right angle - Minor variation

d. Variation in dado top (last layer top) - 1 mm

e. Hollow tiles (by tapping) - Nil

h. Kitchen Otta After

a. All corners & edges chamfered - Nil

b. Otta top height from FFL - 5mm

c. Leakages sink/granite/marble joints - Nil

d. Leakages-back wall-Otta top granite/marble - Nil

5. Tolerances for Door & Windows (wooden)

a. Moisture content - 12 % (indicative

By thumb rule)

b. Dimensions from drg - 2 mm

Door Leaves are defective if, during the initial three months they twist or bend
greater than the limits listed below

c. Twisting measured diagonally across door - 5 mm

d. Bending in door height up to 2150 mm high - 4 mm

e. Bending in door height betwn 2150-2400mm high - 6 mm

f. Bending in door height over 2400 mm high - 7 mm

g. Bending in door widths up to 1020 mm wide - 2 mm

h. Surface (face) misalignment, at the meeting edges of double swing or

French door, when the doors are fully closed - 5 mm

6. Tolerances for Fabrication
a. Member specification - As per Drg

b. Line, level & Plumb - 2mm

c. Welding - as specified, No
Sharp Edges etc