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This thesis format shall be applicable to all undergraduate thesis/capstone

projects/plant designs for all degree programs at Malayan Colleges Laguna. The

students shall follow the standard format and guidelines in writing their proposal

and final manuscript as shown below:


Blank Page
Title Page
Approval Page
Copyright i
Biographical Sketch ii
Acknowledgment iii
Abstract iv
Table of Contents v
List of Tables vi
List of Figures vii
List of Appendices ix
List of Acronyms/Abbreviations x
Definition of Terms xi
Introduction 1
Review of Literature
Results and Discussion
Comment [LBP1]: Please place College Logo
here with approximate size 1.0 x 1.0

(3 spaces)


respective college

Academic Year 2013 - 2014

(4 spaces)

(Font 14, boldfaced, All CAPS)

(4 spaces)

Students Names
(First Middle Name SURNAME)
(Font 12)

(3 spaces)

Thesis Adviser: Juan A. Dela Cruz (Font 12, Title Case)

(5 spaces)

Submitted to the Faculty of Malayan Colleges Laguna

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the degree of

Bachelor of Science in Degree Program Comment [LBP3]: Supply the name of the
degree program
The (thesis/capstone project/plant design) attached hereto, entitled TITLE, Comment [LBP4]: NOT indented
prepared and submitted by Students Name in partial fulfillment of the Comment [LBP5]: Choose only which one is
requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Degree Program is hereby appropriate

accepted. Comment [LBP6]: Please change to your

respective degree program

Signature Over Printed Name Signature Over Printed Name Comment [LBP7]: No need to write, instead
type the full name of the faculty concerned
Panel Chair Panel Member Comment [LBP8]: Should be a faculty from the
______________________ ______________________ home program

Date Signed Date Signed

Signature Over Printed Name

Date Signed

Signature Over Printed Name

Program Chair, EE
Date Signed


Dean, Mapua Institute of Technology at Laguna Comment [LBP9]: Change to the Dean of your
respective college

Date Signed

(4 spaces)

The author and the adviser authorize consultation and partial reproduction of this

thesis for personal use. Any other reproduction or use is subject to copyright

protection. Citation should clearly mention the reference of this work.

Malayan Colleges Laguna, May 2014

The Adviser The Authors:

Engr. Juan dela Cruz First Middle Initial Surname 1 Comment [LBP10]: Dont forget to affix
signature of adviser
Comment [LBP11]: Make sure to affix students
First Middle Initial Surname 2

First Middle Initial Surname 3

Biographical Sketch Comment [LBP12]: Should be but not Limited
to one page only for two authors. May exceed one
page if there are more than 2 authors.

(4 spaces)

A biographical sketch is a short biographical piece detailing the most

important aspects or accomplishment of a students life. When writing a

biographical sketch, it's important to sift through all the information available on a

person and pick out the key elements which bring the most strength to the sketch,

while discarding unimportant, irrelevant, or trivial information.

Determine what questions the biographical sketch should answer. Find out

what the target audience wishes to know about the person, what important events

shaped the person, and what impact the person had on others.

See sample on the next page.

Biographical Sketch

LIZA BAUTISTA-PATACSIL obtained her degree in Bachelor of Science in Comment [LBP13]: Write your full name in ALL
CAPS but NOT bold

Chemical Engineering and her degree in Master of Science in Chemical

Engineering both at the University of the Philippines Los Baos (UPLB). She

obtained her second Masteral degree in Environmental Sanitation at Ghent Comment [LBP14]: Since this is just your BS
degree, you may write your membership in
organizations as well as honorific citations or
University, Belgium where she was awarded the ArcelorMittal Environmental awards received during your College Life.

Prize: Best Dissertation of the Study for her Masteral Thesis entitled:

Biodegradation of 17-Ethinylestradiol (EE2) applied for effluent polishing

during the official proclamation for all graduating students on September 17, 2008

at the Aula of Ghent University. She was the first Filipino who had won the

prestigious Environmental Prize on its 14th year of prize-giving. This had inspired

her to continue working on endocrine disrupting compounds and by a mission as a

scientist and engineer to protect the environment, she pursued her PhD in

Environmental Engineering at the University of the Philippines Diliman. She

conducted her PhD research at the Laboratory of Water Science and Technology,

Division of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the National University of

Singapore (NUS), Singapore.

Comment [LBP15]: No need to write the

Authors name at the end.

Onepage summary of the whole thesis problem. Brief discussion of the study, Comment [LBP16]: NOT Indented. Must be one
page only or not more than 250 words

which includes objectives, methodology, significant findings of the research

(novelty) and conclusions. Use past (perfect) tense and passive voice. Use

concise sentences. For the Abstract, the page number should be omitted.
Introduction Comment [LBP17]: Start as page 1. But all
major headings must have an imaginary page

The chapter states the following:

- Background of the study

- Objectives
- Significance of the study Comment [LBP18]: These information should
be found in the introduction but need not have a
sub-heading. Just make sure theres continuity in
This section includes an overview introducing the research topic or current your flow of thought as you write your introduction.
In case that you need to specify the scope and
delimitation of the study, you can supply a
state of technology, its importance to the society, environment and any relevant subheading for this.

information. Some related studies may be cited to emphasize the significance of In following such format, it will no longer be difficult
to write a journal version of your paper in case you
intend to publish it.
the investigation and the probable contribution to mankind and the environment.

(Numbering of pages with Roman numerals will begin with the

Introduction. The page number should be at the bottom and center of the page.)

(For all parts of the manuscript, use double space all throughout. Double-

space between lines of the body text and titles, headings and block quotations.

Double space the reference list. Indent the first line of every paragraph one-half

inch. The text should be justified at the left and right margins.)

Begin each chapter on a NEW PAGE of the manuscript.


The APA style uses five levels of headings. The table below shows how each

type of heading is formatted.

Table 1
Format for Five Levels of Heading in APA Journals Comment [LBP19]: Sample for Table Heading
Format. Single spaced, left justified.
Level of heading Format
Comment [LBP21]: Table Format: autofit to
1 Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading a window.
2 Flush left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Double lines for extreme top and bottom lines.
3 Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period b Single Line after the label of heading.
NO vertical lines
4 Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Do NOT cut between tables, if it cant be avoided
5 Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. wirte the Table No (contd) on the next page on top
of the Table. (NO need to write the Title again)
This type of capitalization is also referred to as title case. bIn a lowercase paragraph heading, the
first letter of the first word is uppercase and the remaining words are lowercase. Comment [LBP20]: Source must be indicated
below, single spaced.

Captions and Legends

For figures, make sure to include the figure number and a title with a legend and

caption. These elements appear below the visual display. For the figure number,

type Figure X. Then type the title of the figure in sentence case. Follow the title

with a legend that explains the symbols in the figure and a caption that explains

the figure:

Figure 1. How to create figures in APA style. This figure illustrates effective Comment [LBP22]: Must be italicized and
positioned at the bottom of the chart, photo or
images. Left justified with reference to the figure
elements in APA style figures. being presented
Comment [LBP23]: Figure title immediately
followed after one space. Only proper noun should
start with a capital letter
Captions serve as a brief, but complete, explanation and as a title. For example,

Figure 4. Population is insufficient, whereas Figure 4. Population of Grand

Rapids, MI by race (1980) is better. If the figure has a title in the image, crop it.
Graphs should always include a legend that explains the symbols, abbreviations,

and terminology used in the figure. These terms must be consistent with those

used in the text and in other figures. The lettering in the legend should be of the

same type and size as that used in the figure.

Sample Figure captions:

Comment [LBP24]: Graphical representation

must have x and y-axes label

Figure 1. Water absorption capacity of coir fiber (indicate mass of sample and

time of testing).
Review of Literature

This section may be divided into major sections representing the various

aspects of the research work. It should contain only the essential ideas taken from

literature related to the study. All cited literature shall be listed alphabetically

under References following the APA sixth edition format.

(NOTE: Copying full statements or paragraphs as written in the journal

article or book is a case of plagiarism. Sentences may be revised as long as the

meaning is still retained and understandable.)


The main goal of this chapter is to provide the reader(s) how the

experiments were performed or how the data were gathered.

This chapter includes the important materials, instrument(s), equipment,

sampling site, and/or important environmental details that were used in the

design/development, fabrication or experimentation. The chosen methods for any

analysis or how the problem was solved should be clearly stated. Any method(s)

obtained from books, journals and other forms of publication (including

unpublished theses/studies) should be cited properly.

Whenever necessary, Population Frame and Sample Size in the

methodology/process was predetermined. The data evaluation using specific

statistical methods should also be included, for example, Analysis of Variance

Results and Discussion

This section represents the main body of the thesis/research practicum or

capstone project manuscript. The findings of the study conducted must be

discussed and interpreted substantially. When applicable, statistical analysis and

its interpretation shall also be included. If appropriate, the current results may be

validated using previous studies cited.


This chapter gives the general idea of what was done in the conduct of the

study, problems encountered, the discoveries/significance of the results/design/

prototype, innovations made and technologies employed.


The authors should provide recommendations to further investigate or

improve knowledge acquisitions and applications.


All references cited in the survey of related topics, methodology and

discussion shall make use of the Microsoft Word Reference format APA sixth

edition. There shall be no report accepted without the proper acknowledgement of

the authors referred to in the literature review. All citations should be listed in the

reference list, with the exception of personal communications and classical works.

Put references in order by the authors surname, or first authors surname if there is

more than one author. Use the hanging indent paragraph style. Double space the

entire reference list. Follow the APA sixth edition for writing the references used

in the study.

Acceptable references include

a) technical journals and periodicals

b) books and monographs

c) unpublished research, and

d) Dissertation and masters thesis

NOTE: Internet references are acceptable but should be listed also with

the author(s) name and the date accessed. WIKIPEDIA and other general

references are not acceptable and must be avoided, but wiki or similar

sources cited may be used upon validation.



all details discussed under Results & Discussion and part of the authors

study. Page numbers should be at the bottom and center of each page.

For the title of each appendix, use letters to label each, e.g.

Appendix A

Summary of .

Appendix B

Statistical evaluation of.

Appendix C

Results of the compressive strength test