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Soldering, Brazing _ & Welding Derek Pritchard ; anrens ean CONTENTS What is Welding Non-Fusion Joining Methods Oxy-Acetylene Welding Manual Metal Arc Welding MIG Welding TIG Welding Welding Other Metals Distortion Control Quality in Welding Glossary "1 24 59 103 121 137 145 150 155 1 WHAT IS WELDING? To weld is to join nwo pieces of metal togeth er. Further clarification of fundamental vari ALUMS uecessary of course, which then denies a simple definition Ir can just involve pressure, but this is usu ally aided form of he py some and varies from the blacksmith’ fire weld to elec trical resi eating is also ¢ spot weldi sed to enable bonding to occur when sol dering or br © melt the metal in nd fusion welding, Heat energy sources can be A typical welding situation. electrical, chemical, mechanical, light and sound. So welding ean be done hot or cold, with or without pressure and with or without melting, with or without filler addition, man: ually or automatically and so on, but it will certainly involve the joining of metal! Welding is typically ing becwuse it offers strength and permanen. sen for metal join cy. However, in some eases these features may be undesirable and in others there may be an easier method, Mechanical cleviees such as bolt set pins, serews and se on of which are typically fairly easy to apply, and taken apart/reassembled easily, although they may perh aps lack the stren; or the ability to retain fuids that welding offers Weldi ‘a means to an end (whic! ris rarely a recreational pursuit ay’ be recreati al!}, and it is relatively expensive and requires much practice to be done skilfully. It will only be adopted once all alternatives, too many list and detail here, have beer cen adequate consideration, WHICH WELDING PROCESS? This book assumes of course that weldin| has been chosen as the most appropriate