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# EXPERIMENT 1

## Multimeter Measurements on DC Resistive Circuits

DISCUSSION / OBSERVATION:
In our experiment, we are first asked to verify the resistance of a resistor by its color code
and by using the VOM. A resistor, fixed in particular, has colors on it. These colors signifies the
amount of resistance handled by that resistor. Mostly, it composes of four colors- the forst and the
second band uses significant figures, the multiplier on the third band, and the resistors tolerance on
the fourth. The shades can be Black, Brown, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Violet, Grey, and
White respectively with Black as 0 and White as 9. However, the tolerance band often has Gold with
5%, Silver with 10%, and no color as 20%. Using these colors we can easily determine the resistance
of a resistor. Yet, if you want to test if the resistors that you have are in good condition, you can
measure their resistance using the VOM and get the partial difference of the one you measured
nominally from that of the VOMs result. If the value is either equal or less than the percent
indicated by the tolerance band, then your component works completely fine. In evaluating the
amount of resistance using a VOM, never forget the basic. Always set it on the resistance scale and
calibrate first before measuring. One good thing about resistors is that they do not have polarity, or
the negative and the positive terminals are absent. That simply means that you can put the test
probes in either lead then just assess the location on where the moving cursor is pointed at.

Resistors, primarily, are plainly significant because they prevent the flow of electric energy in
a circuit. Just imagine if theres no opposition, and everything flows rapidly, and your circuit would
then be a total crash. So, as what Ive observed, most to all electronic circuits have them. Speaking of
such, you can also measure the resistance of a certain circuit by disconnecting all voltage sources
first from the component that you want to measure and point the probes to the two points in the
circuit for which you wish to calculate resistance.

Another thing that we did during the experiment was to build the circuit shown and
measure each resistors current and voltage including the sources. The computed value by
calculating it and the measured value using the VOM must not have much difference. The total
current in series circuit is equal to that of the resistors while the total potential difference is equal to
the sum of the voltage drop on each resistors. As per the parallel circuit, it is the other way around.

CONCLUSION:
On this experiment, I have learned the basics of electronic and electrical circuits which would
be of greater help in more complex ones in the future. I can conclude here that resistors do not have
polarity at all, but voltage supplies consider the negative and positive terminals. A multimeter,
whether analog or digital, is a great tool to measure the resistance of an element or a circuit in a
whole. This is invented to let us work with circuits properly and more accurately.

Electronic circuits always come with three major factors for it to work efficiently. These factors
would not work properly if another would be missing. Voltage is the force that pushes electric
energy; current is the exact flow of electricity; and of course, resistance limits the flow. A circuit
wont be complete if there is no resistance involved. Remember that too much destroys, and same
goes for all electronic circuits in the world. Resistors, although tiny, means a lot to electronics
system. By knowing the right value of its resistance, they could be very useful in building a well-
organized and safe circuit.

DATE: