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# 1. Which of these linear equations is in standard form?

Explanation

Explanation

## 3. Which of the following is the slope-intercept form of 8x - 24y = -32?

Explanation
Question 4

Explanation
Question 5
A point on a line is (4,3). The slope of the line is 4/3. What is another point
on the line?

(7, 7)
(0, 0)
(1, -1)
(6, 8)

Explanation
The slope of 3/4 means add 3 to the x coordinate and 4 to the y coordinate.
Since the slope is 4/3, we go up 4 units and over 3 units, this means we add
4 to the y coordinate and 3 to the x coordinate.

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Question 6
A point on a line is (-3,-1). If the slope is 4, what is another point on the
line?

(-2, 3)
(1, 0)
(-3, 3)
(-2, 0)

Explanation
The slope of 4 corresponds to 4/1, that is we can go up 4 units and over 1
unit. Thus,

## (-2 + 1, -1 + 4) = (-2, 3).

Question 7
The slope of a line is -2. If a point on the line is (-2,5), what is another point
on the line?

(-1, 3)
(-1, 7)
(-3, 5)
(-3, 1)

Explanation
The negative part means you need to move down instead of up.

-2 = -2/1, which means we need to move down 2 units and the to the right by
1 unit. Hence subtract 2 from the y coordinate and add 1 to the x
coordinate.

(-2 + 1, 5 - 2) = (-1,3)

Question 8
The slope of a line is -3/2. If a point on the line is (1,1), what is another
point on the line?

(5, -5)
(-3, 2)
(-2, -3)
(4, 3)

Explanation
This is a little tricky, because we have to apply the slope twice. Remember
we can add multiples of the slope as well.

Hence we have,
(1 + 2 + 2, 1 - 3 - 3) = (5,-5)

This may be made easier if you graph the point (1, 1) and apply the slope
formula to your graph until you land upon one of the points listed in the

Question 9
The slope of a line is -3. If a point on the line is (-1,-1), what is another point
on the line?

(-2, 2)
(2, -2)
(-4, 1)
(-2, 0)

Explanation
Remember we can switch the minus sign from the top to the bottom.
Slope = -3 = 3/-1
(-1 - 1, -1 + 3) = (-2, 2)

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Question 10
What is the slope between the two points (-1, 4) and (5, 2)?

1/3
3
-1/3
-3

Explanation
Here's the slope formula,

## Slope = (y2 - y1) / (x2 - x1)

Let (x1, y1) = (-1, 4) and (x2, y2) = (5, 2). Then,
Slope = (2 - 4)/[5 - (-1)] = -2/6 = -1/3.

Notice that if we assigned the points the other way, we would get the same
result:

Let (x1, y1) = (5, 2) and (x2, y2) = (-1, 4). Then,
Slope = (4 - 2)/(-1 - 5) = 2/-6 = -1/3.

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Question 11
Two points on a line are (6,3) and (2,-1). What is the slope?

1
-1
4
2

Explanation
Recall the slope formula, Slope = (y2 - y1) / (x2 - x1)

If we plug (6, 3) for (y2, x2) and (2, -1) for (x1, y1), we get,

## Slope = [3 - (-1)]/(6 - 2) = 4/4 = 1

Note that if you use (2, -1) for (y2, x2) and (6, 3) for (x1, y1), you would still get
the same answer. The points can be assigned either way. Just make sure
that the y-values go in the numerator and the x-values go in the
denominator.

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Question 12
Two points on a line are (2, 5) and (5, -3). What is another point on this line?

(13, -6)
(10, 2)
(8, -11)
(-1, 12)

Explanation
First find the slope, then work from one of the original points.

## Slope = (y2 - y1) / (x2 - x1)

Slope = [5 - (-3)]/(2 - 5) = 8/-3 = -8/3

## Hence we need to go down 8 units and then to the right 3 units.

Hence (5 + 3, -3 - 8) = (8, -11)

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Question 13
What would be the solution of the following system of linear equations?

Infinitely many solutions
No solution
(8,3)
(-8,-3)

Explanation
A system of linear equations may involve these three types of equations
and solutions:

## The lines do not intersect at all (no solution)

First we need to identify in which category the given system falls in!
If one equation can be derived from the other one, then these two
equations actually represent the same line. So these two equations overlap
at each point and give infinitely many solutions.
The given system can also rewritten as:
2x - 3y = 7 --------(1)
-2(2x - 3y) = -2(7) --------(2)
2x - 3y = 7 --------(3)
Eq(3) is derived from eq(2) of the given system and eq(3) comes out to be
same as eq(1). So, the given system has infinitely many solutions.

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Question 14
Please solve the given system of linear equations:

(2,3)
(3,2)
(2,-3)
(-2,3)

Explanation
There are many methods to solve a system of linear equations. The most
common are substitution method and elimination method.

In this case, we will use the substitution method because it seems easier
to solve this system by substitution method.
In the substitution method, one of the equations is first solved for one of
the variables.
For 1st equation of the given system:
5x - y = 7
y = 5x - 7
This value of variable found is plugged back into the other equation.
Put the value of y in the 2nd equation of the given system:
-3x - 2y = -12
-3x - 2(5x - 7) = -12
-3x -10x + 14 = -12
-13x = -14 - 12
This produces a linear equation in one variable.
-13x = -26
This equation is then solved to find the value of x:
x=2
Put this value of y in any one of the given equations.
Put x = 2 in first equation of the system:
5x - y = 7
5(2) - y = 7
10 - y = 7
y=3
The solution set therefore will be:
(2,3)

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Question 15
What is the solution of the given system of linear equations?

No solution
(0,1)
(3,0)
(2,1/3)

Explanation
A system of linear equations may involve these three types of equations
and solutions:

## 3. The lines do not intersect at all (no solution)

First, we need to identify in which category the given system falls in!
If it is possible to derive a contradiction between the equations of the
system (statements such as 0=1), hen the system does not have a solution.
We will use substitution method to find the contradiction statement.
Consider first equation of the system:
x + 3y = 3
x = 3 - 3y
Put this value of x in second equation of the system:
2x + 6y = 5
2(3 - 3y) + 6y = 5
6 - 6y + 6y = 5
6=5
which is a contradiction statement. So the given system has no solution.

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Question 16
Find the minimum point of the quadratic equation

y = 4x 2x 5.
2

(1/4,-21/4)
(21/4,-1/4)
(1/4,21/4)
(3/4,21/4)

Explanation
The quadratic equation can be solved by
completing the square. First you can rewrite the equation:

y = (2x) - 2(2x)(1/2) - 5.
2

The equation must include the square of (1/2) in order to complete the
square, so

2 2 2

2

## y = (2x - 1/2) - 21/4

2

Thus, by completing the square we can find the minimum point as:
2x - 1/2 = 0, i.e. x = 1/4
y = -21/4
So the minimum point is (1/4,-21/4).

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Question 17
We are designing a suspension bridge and the cables are in the form of a
parabola defined by the equation:

y = x - 8x + 5.
2

## What is the minimum point of this parabola?

(4,-11)
(-4,-11)
(-11,-4)
(-4,11)

Explanation
The quadratic equation can be solved by completing the square. First you
can rewrite the equation:
y = (x) - (2)(x)(4) + 5
2

The equation must have the square of 4 in order to complete the square, so
y = (x) - (2)(x)(4) + 4 - 4 + 5
2 2 2

y = (x - 4) - 16 + 5
2

y = (x - 4) - 11 2

Thus, by completing the square we can find the minimum point as:
x - 4 = 0, i.e. x = 4
y = -11
So the minimum point is (4,-11).

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Question 18
Find the minimum point of the following quadratic equation by using the
method of completing the square:

y = 2x + 12x + 14.
2

(-3,-4)
(3,4)
(3,-4)
(-3,4)

Explanation
To use the method of completing the square, first rewrite the equation with
2 as a common factor:

y = 2[(x) + 2(x)(3) + 7]
2
and then include the square of 3 in order to complete the square.
Firstly, 2 is a common factor of the terms in the equation, so

y = 2[x + 6x + 7]
2

## which can be rewritten as:

y = 2[(x) + (2)(x)(3) + 7].
2

## In order to complete the square, we must have the square of 3, so

y = 2[(x) + 2(x)(3) + (3) - (3) + 7]
2 2 2

y = 2[(x + 3) - 2] 2

y = 2(x + 3) - 4 2

Thus, from this equation we can find the minimum point as:
x + 3 = 0, i.e. x = -3
y= -4
So the minimum point is (-3,-4).

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Question 19
Find the extreme point of the equation

y = 9 + 4x - 2x 2

(1,11)
(2,11)
(-1,-11)
(-1,-1)

Explanation
The equation can be solved by
completing the square. You can rewrite the equation so that -2 is a common
factor of the terms, so
y = -2[x - 2x - 9/2]
2

2

## In order to complete the square, we must include the square of 1, so

y = -2[(x) - 2(x)(1) + (1) - (1) - 9/2]
2 2 2

y = -2[(x - 1) - 11/2] 2

y = -2(x - 1) + 11 2

## As the square term is negative, the extreme point will be a maximum.

Thus, from this equation we can find the maximum point as:
x - 1 = 0, i.e. x = 1
y = 11
So the maximum point is (1,11).

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Question 20
Find the extreme point of the following equation and determine whether it
is a maximum or minimum point.

y = 5x - 3x - 18.
2

(3/10,-369/20) ; minimum
(-3/10,-369/20) ; minimum
(3/10,-369/20) ; maximum
(3/20,-369/10) ; maximum

Explanation
The equation can be solved by
completing the square. You can rewrite the equation so that 5 is a common
factor of the terms, so

2

2

## In order to complete the square, we must include the square of 3/10, so

y = 5[(x) - 2(x)(3/10) + (3/10) - (3/10) - 18/5]
2 2 2

2

2

## As the square term is positive, the extreme point is a minimum.

Thus, from this equation we can find the minimum point as:
x - 3/10 = 0, i.e. x = 3/10
y = -369/20
So the minimum point is (3/10,-369/20).