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Re: what is the difference between power and distribution

transformer?
Answer Power transformer: 0 Infodoss
# 1 It carrying high voltage..
It is delta connection TFR.
It is used to transmit the
voltage from generating
sation
to distribution center.
Distribution transformer:
It carrying 440V 3phase star
connection systm.
It is a home applaiance
transformer.

Is This Answer Correct ? 52 Yes 80 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer Transformers are classified 5 Prasanna
# 2 as two categories: power D Nerkar
transformers and
distribution transformers.
Power transformers are used
in transmission network of
higher voltages, deployed
for step-up and step down
transformer application (400
kV, 200 kV, 110 kV, 66 kV,
33kV)
Distribution transformers
are used for lower voltage
distribution networks as a
means to end user
connectivity.
(11kV, 6.6 kV, 3.3 kV, 440V,
230V)

Is This Answer
Correct ? 135 Yes 25 No
Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?
Answer power transformers are used 0 Santosh
# 3 in transmission network for Jadhav
voltage ratings
of(440kv,220kv,110kv,66Kv)
and are generally
rated above 200MVA.

Distribution Transformers
are used in (33 kv,11kv,6.6
Kv
)voltage levels in
Distribution network and are
generally
rated less than 200 MVA.

Is This Answer Correct ? 15 Yes 58 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer the main difference between 0 Hardik
# 4 power and distribution Vyas
transformer is, distribution
transf. is designed for max.
efficiency at 60% to 70%
load as normally doesnt
operate at
full load all the time. Its
load depends on distribution
demand. Where as power
transf. is designed for max.
effi.
at 100% load as it always
runs at 100% load being near
to
generating station.

Is This Answer Correct ? 85 Yes 14 No


Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?
Answer power transformer generally 5 Ashok
# 5 operated at full load. Reddy, R
Hence,
it is designed such that
copper losses are minimal.
however, a distribution
transformer is always online
and
operated at loads less than
full load for most of time.
Hence, it is designed such
that core losses are
minimal.

Is This Answer Correct ? 89 Yes 3 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer Both power and distribution 0 Kaleem
# 6 transformers are used for
T&D
applications (transmission &
distribution). The
difference
between power and
distribution transformers
refers to size
& input voltage.
Distribution transformers
vary between 25
kVA and 10 MVA, with input
voltage between 1 and 36 kV.
Power transformers are
typically units from 5 to
500 MVA,
with input voltage above 36
kV.

Is This Answer Correct ? 23 Yes 19 No


Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?
Answer Powr transformer are used in 0 Anand
# 7 transmission network to step
up/down voltage viz
440/220KV, 220/110 KV,33/11
KV and
generaly of capacity 1 MVA
or more.
Distibution transformer as
name implies are used in
distribution network and
steps down voltage to.433 KV
&
normally of capacity less
than 1 MVA viz 11/.433
KV,33/.433KV

Is This Answer Correct ? 13 Yes 30 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer POWER TRANSFORMERS ARE 0 Uma
# 8 INTEGRAL PART OF Sanker
TRANSMISSION SYSTEM Dwivedi
HOWEVER DISTRIBUTION
TRANSFORMER ARE PART OF
DISTRIBUTION
SYSTEM.

Is This Answer Correct ? 14 Yes 11 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer as per the design is 0 Pundlik
# 9 concerned 1)the flux density M
is higher Wanwe
than the distributin
transformer.
2) power transformers are
normally having higher
voltage
(KV)and capacities (KVA).
3) Power transformer are so
designed that they will have
Max. efficency at rated full
load and the distribution
transformers will have max.
efficency at 50% loading.

Is This Answer Correct ? 18 Yes 5 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer in short we can say that
# 10 power trans belongs to the
voltae
ratings above the 33kv and
distribution trans are for
low
voltages.....
it is also right that the
size of the power trans is
much-
much bigger then the
distribution trans, that is
all bcoz
of the rating and the
operating voltage.........

Is This Answer Correct ? 7 Yes 12 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution


transformer?
Answer power trafo is generally 0 Binay
# 11 step up transformer, Agrawal
distribution trafo is step
down.

Is This Answer Correct ? 4 Yes 21 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer Power transformers are used 0 Raj
# 12 for transmission as a step
up
devices so that the I2r loss
can be minimized for a given
power flow.These
transformers are designed to
utilize the
core to maximum and will
operate very much near to
the knee
point of B-H curve(slightly
above the knee point
value).This
brings down the mass of the
core enormously.Naturally
these
transformers have the
matched iron losses and
copper losses
at peak load (i.e the
maximum efficiency point
where both
the losses match).
Distribution transformers
obviously cannot be designed
like
this.Hence the all-day-
efficiency comes into
picture while
designing it.It depends on
the typical load cycle for
which
it has to supply.Definitely
Core design will be done to
take
care of peak load and as
well as all-day-
efficiency.It is a
bargain between these two
points.
Is This Answer Correct ? 6 Yes 10 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer Power Transformer are used 0 Shvetang
# 13 for step up purpose from Dave
trnasmission station to
distribution station.
Normally from
750 KV to 11 KV it is to be
used. It is design for only
I2R
losses b'coz Iron losses are
constant b'coz it is
operated
for constant application.

Whereas distribution
Transformers are used for
step down
purposes b'cos it is used
for distribution purposes.
It can
be used for Factory's
required power as well as in
society
it can be used for home's
use. It can be used for 11
kv to
230 Voltage purposes. It can
be Design for iron losses
b'coz It is operated for 70
to 80% operation so I2R
losses
are not so much important

Is This Answer Correct ? 7 Yes 3 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer one power transformers can 0 Ajit
# 14 be perform step up &step
down
both but one distribution
transformers can use either
in
step up or step down

Is This Answer Correct ? 2 Yes 15 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer Distribution transformers 0 Latika
# 15 have LV side with 440/220V
which
distributes the power to
promises, shops, industries
and
offices. So it is
conventionally called
distribution
transformer. 440V/ 220V are
the Indian Standard dist.
voltage with 50HZ Freq. So
in India transformer with LV
side
having output of 440/220V is
generaly called distribution
transformer. All others are
power Transformer.

Is This Answer Correct ? 5 Yes 5 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer power transformer transforms 0 Amit
# 16 all the negative power of Sharma
hu(man) body into fluid and
brings(steps)it down through
penis to distribute it in
vagina.
distribution transformer
suck my dick.
Is This Answer Correct ? 0 Yes 15 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer there are two types of 0 Sakthi
# 17 transformer 1. power T/R 2.
distribution T/R 1. power
tranformer is using ii high
voltage tranmission
2. distribution T/R for low
voltage transmission

Is This Answer Correct ? 0 Yes 5 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer power transformer is used 0 Ajay
# 18 for the transmission purpose Nagar
at
heavy load, high voltage
greater than 33 KV & 100%
efficiency. it also having a
big in size as compare to
distribution transformer, it
used t generating station
and
transmission substation
.high insulation lavel.

the distribution transformer


is used for the distribution
of electrical energy at low
voltage as less than 33KV in
industrial purpose and 440v-
220v in domestice purpose.
it
work at low efficiency at
50-70%, small size, easy in
installation, having low
magnetic losses & it is not
always
fully loaded.
Is This Answer Correct ? 3 Yes 2 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer above 200 kVA power T/F 0 Manish
# 19 below 200 kVA distribution Mathuriya
T/F
greater the power ratting
higher the efficiency.

Is This Answer Correct ? 2 Yes 7 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer Power transformer is used
# 20 with Current transformer.
There is only one power
transformer at generating
station only, but many
current transformers.

This is to check faults and


measurement purpose.

where as distribution
transformer are every where
for efficient power
transfer.

Is This Answer Correct ? 1 Yes 5 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer power means 0 Harsha
# 22 voltage*current
power t/f(1-phase,3-phase)is
designed to change amplitude
of high frequency pulses by
the turns ratio and provide
isolation b/wcircuits
distribution transformer is
used to change the voltage
levels ex:high to low&low to
high
(step up t/f&step down t?f)

Is This Answer Correct ? 0 Yes 2 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer a power transformer is a 0 Sanjay
# 23 transformer having rating of Kumar
33kv Jha
and above,with high
effi..,and capacity(kva)
a distribution trans.. is a
trans which having low rating
like 33kv and less than this
with low effi and always
stepdown type

Is This Answer Correct ? 0 Yes 0 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer power trafo are used for 0 Rinku
# 24 higher vtgs and distribution
trafos
are used for low vtgs.pow
trafos are used for 400 KV,
200KV
vtg etc. Pow trafos are used
for house house hold apps
eg:400 vts.

Is This Answer Correct ? 0 Yes 0 No

Re: what is the difference between power and distribution transformer?


Answer Any transformer that
# 25 operates with any voltage
that ranges between 25kva
and above is termed power
transformer. All distribution
transformers are power
transformers.

Is This Answer Correct ? 0 Yes 0 No

What's the difference between a distribution and a power


transformer?
By Roman Targosz / Published on Mon, 2007-02-26 21:36

Further reading
Frequently Asked Questions - Distribution Transformers (1936)

Both power and distribution transformers are used for T&D applications (transmission
& distribution). The difference between power and distribution transformers refers to
size & input voltage. Distribution transformers vary between 25 kVA and 10 MVA,
with input voltage between 1 and 36 kV. Power transformers are typically units from
5 to 500 MVA, with input voltage above 36 kV.
A third segment in the transformer market are industrial transformers, used by
industry to purchase electricity at high voltage and step it down for use on site. The
size of industrial transformers varies, but typical units are 1.6, 2.5 and 5 MVA.
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Comments
difference between power and distribution transformers
By RAJIV BERA / Published on Fri, 2008-01-18 14:13

For power transformers, core losses are lower than for distribution transformers.
(edited by site manager)

Difference between Power T.C & Distribution T.C

April 8, 2011 by Jignesh.Parmar 2 Comments

Difference between Power Transformer & Distribution Transformer:

Power transformers are used in transmission network of higher voltages for step-
up and step down application (400 kV, 200 kV, 110 kV, 66 kV, 33kV) and are
generally rated above 200MVA.
Distribution transformers are used for lower voltage distribution networks as a
means to end user connectivity. (11kV, 6.6 kV, 3.3 kV, 440V, 230V) and are
generally rated less than 200 MVA.

Transformer Size / Insulation Level:

Power transformer is used for the transmission purpose at heavy load, high
voltage greater than 33 KV & 100% efficiency. It also having a big in size as
compare to distribution transformer, it used in generating station and
Transmission substation .high insulation level.
The distribution transformer is used for the distribution of electrical energy at low
voltage as less than 33KV in industrial purpose and 440v-220v in domestic
purpose. It work at low efficiency at 50-70%, small size, easy in installation,
having low magnetic losses & it is not always fully loaded.

Iron Loss & Copper Loss:

Power Transformers are used in Transmission network so they do not directly


connect to the consumers, so load fluctuations are very less. These are loaded
fully during 24 hrs a day, so cu losses & iron losses takes place throughout day
the specific weight i.e. (iron weight)/(cu weight) is very less .the average loads are
nearer to full loaded or full load and these are designed in such a way that
maximum efficiency at full load condition. These are independent of time so in
calculating the efficiency only power basis is enough.
Distribution Transformers are used in Distribution Network so directly connected
to the consumer so load fluctuations are very high. these are not loaded fully at all
time so iron losses takes place 24hr a day and cu losses takes place based on load
cycle. the specific weight is more i.e. (iron weight)/(cu weight).average loads are
about only 75% of full load and these are designed in such a way that max
efficiency occurs at 75% of full load. As these are time dependent the all day
efficiency is defined in order to calculate the efficiency.
Power transformers are used for transmission as a step up devices so that the I2r
loss can be minimized for a given power flow. These transformers are designed to
utilize the core to maximum and will operate very much near to the knee point of
B-H curve (slightly above the knee point value).This brings down the mass of the
core enormously. Naturally these transformers have the matched iron losses and
copper losses at peak load (i.e. the maximum efficiency point where both the
losses match).
Distribution transformers obviously cannot be designed like this. Hence the all-
day-efficiency comes into picture while designing it. It depends on the typical
load cycle for which it has to supply. Definitely Core design will be done to take
care of peak load and as well as all-day-efficiency. It is a bargain between these
two points.
Power transformer generally operated at full load. Hence, it is designed such that
copper losses are minimal. However, a distribution transformer is always online
and operated at loads less than full load for most of time. Hence, it is designed
such that core losses are minimal.
In Power Transformer the flux density is higher than the distribution transformer.

Maximum Efficiency:

The main difference between power and distribution transformer is distribution


transformer is designed for maximum efficiency at 60% to 70% load as normally
doesnt operate at full load all the time. Its load depends on distribution demand.
Whereas power transformer is designed for maximum efficiency at 100% load as
it always runs at 100% load being near to generating station.
Distribution Transformer is used at the distribution level where voltages tend to be
lower .The secondary voltage is almost always the voltage delivered to the end
consumer. Because of voltage drop limitations, it is usually not possible to deliver
that secondary voltage over great distances. As a result, most distribution systems
tend to involve many clusters of loads fed from distribution transformers, and
this in turn means that the thermal rating of distribution transformers doesnt have
to be very high to support the loads that they have to serve.
All day efficiency = (Output in KWhr) / (Input in KWhr) in 24 hrs which is
always less than power efficiency.