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INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM on
RECYCLING TECHNOLOGIES and
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
13 15 September 2017, Hotel Jezero, Bor Lake, Serbia
University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty in Bor
Vojske Jugoslavije 12, 19210 Bor, Serbia
Tel. ++381 30 424 555 Fax +38130 421 078

MINERALOGICAL-PETROLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF IRON ORE




1, 1#1, 1, 2

1Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor, Zeleni bulevar 35, 19210 Bor, Serbia

2University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty in Bor, VJ 12, 19210 Bor, Serbia

ABSTRACT In order to find an adequate technological process for processing iron ore,
- -technological and mineralogical tests were
performed on the submitted samples taken at the location near the place
aim of all conducted research was to define the technology for processing iron ore from the
mentioned site, with the maximum possible feasible technological exploitation on iron and
minimizing harmful components (impurities), in this case sulfur, phosphorus and copper.
The samples of iron ore taken from surface mine were grinded for 2, 5, 10 and 15 minutes
in ball mill and after that sieved in order to get grain size fractions. All grain size fractions were
separated with magnet, so magnetic and non-magnetic fractions were received. Binocular
microscop was used for mineralogical-petrological analysis of all products in order to
determine the grain size class with highest separation of magnetic and non-magnetic fractions.
It was determined, based on content of iron minerals and other minerals, that the highest
separation of magnetic and non-magnetic fractions was in the grain size class -0,075 +0,053
mm, in the sample grinded for 5 minutes.

Keywords: iron ore, mineralogical-petrological analysis, iron minerals, Duge Njive-


Boranja

INTRODUCTION
The surface mine "Duge Njive" is located in western Serbia, on the

this surface mine iron ore is being exploitated. Figure 1 shows the appearance of
the surface mine "Duge Njive".

corresponding person: sladjana.krstic@irmbor.co.rs


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Figure 1. Surface mine "Duge Njive"-Boranje

Mineralogical analysis shows that there are present iron minerals: limonite
(goethite), magnetite, hematite, other iron oxide minerals: hydrogoethite,
lepidocrocite, maghemite, hydrohematite, as well as tailings minerals: quartz, clay,
etc. Chemical analysis shows that there are, copper, sulfur, phosphorus, lead, zinc,
nickel, manganese and aluminum, present in addition to iron.
Given that some of the elements present may have a negative impact on the
processing of this raw material and the production of products of the appropriate
quality, grinding tests were carried out in order to obtain products with the
optimum liberation of the iron minerals and tailings minerals.
The grinding products were analyzed using a binocular microscope and
their mineralogical-petrographic analysis was performed.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

for 2, 5, 10 and 15 minutes in order to examine the kinetic properties. For the
determination of grinding kinetics, a laboratory ABBE ball mill with a volume of
12.5 l was used.
The grinded samples were then sieved in order to obtain certain grain size
classes. Subsequently, magnetic separation, by means of a hand magnet, was done
on all grain size classes, whereby a magnetic and non-magnetic fraction was
obtained.
Mineralogical-petrological tests were performed on isolated fractions. The
mineralogical-petrological analysis was performed by a binocular (ToupVeiw with
a digital camera). A complete magnetic fraction samples, as well as the complete
non-magnetic fraction samples, were photographed several times because the
amount is too large for the field of view of the microscope and all the photos were
enlarged 50 X.

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RESULTS AND DISCUSSION


Table 1 shows the chemical composition of the preliminary sample of iron
ore from the surface mine "Duge Njive". As it can be seen, in addition to the most
dominant Fe , the sample also contains: Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, Mn, Al, Ti, as well as S, P, Si.

Table 1. Chemical composition of iron ore sample from surface mine "Duge Njive"
Element/Compound Content (%)
Fe 51.14
Cu 0.052
S 0.468
P 0.364
Si 4.76
Pb 0.028
Zn 0.044
Ni 0.015
Mn 0.144
Al 3.09
Ti <0.066
SiO2 6.12
Al2O3 3.63
Fe3O4 24.68

After the characterization was carried out, the samples were grinded for 2,
5, 10 and 15 minutes. The grinding products were sieved on the appropriate sieves,
followed by a magnetic separation of the resulting grain size classes in order to
separate the magnetic and non-magnetic components. By magnetic separation, it
was found that the best separation of magnetic from non-magnetic components
was in the grain size class -0.075 + 0.053 mm. Table 2 shows the percentual ratio of
the magnetic and non-magnetic fractions in the grain size class -0.075 + 0.053 mm
for the grinding time of 2, 5, 10 and 15 minutes.

Table 2. Percentual ratioof nonmagnetic (NMF) and magnetic (MF) fractions in the
grain size class -0,075 + 0,053 mm

Milling time
2 min 5 min 10 min 15 min
NMF MF NMF MF NMF MF NMF MF
60 % 40 % 31,58 % 68,42 % 39,33 % 60,67 % 41,98 % 58,02 %
100 % 100 % 100 % 100 %

As can be seen from Table 2, the largest percentage of the magnetic fraction
68.42% was in the grain size class -0.075 + 0.053 mm was obtained during grinding
for 5 minutes.

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In Table 3, the content of iron and other analyzed elements, in the grain
size classes for grinding time of 5 minutes, is given.
Table 3. Content of iron and other analyzed elements in grain size classes for grinding
time 5 minutes
Grinding time 5 min
Grain size
Al2O3 P 2O5 Fe 3O4 S Cu Fe Zn Mn Ti Cr Si Al P
class
-0,300+0,212 2,17 0,48 * 0,14 0,14 52,50 0,039 0,158 0,017 0,035 5,07 1,51 0,209

-0,212+0,106 1,81 0,41 19,48 0,13 0,12 53,20 0,040 0,137 0,031 0,039 4,85 1,18 0,178

-0,106+0,075 1,34 0,30 32,06 0,093 0,11 57,37 0,038 0,146 0,027 0,036 4,86 1,17 0,130

-0,075+0,053 1,21 0,27 44,13 0,091 0,097 59,23 0,037 0,140 0,025 0,039 4,45 1,16 0,117

-0,053+0,038 1,13 0,25 42,46 0,095 0,090 60,51 0,034 0,145 0,029 0,041 3,70 1,01 0,109

-0,038+0,020 1,32 0,27 35,88 0,12 0,088 60,39 0,041 0,165 0,036 0,041 3,72 1,13 0,117

-0,020+0,00 6,75 0,46 10,31 0,17 0,14 54,67 0,073 0,094 0,027 0,035 4,52 1,80 0,200


By mineralogical-petrological analysis was determined the presence of the
following magnetic, low-magnetic and non-magnetic minerals in the investigated
grain size class -0.075 + 0.053 mm for grinding time of 5 minutes:

- The magnetic minerals present in the sample are magnetite, hematite,
limonite (goethite). Figure 2 a, b, c and d.

a b

c d
Figure 2. a) b) c) d) Magnetic minerals in the grain size -0,075 + 0.053 mm for grinding time
of 5 minutes

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- Low magnetic minerals are pyrrhotite (predominantly transformed into


pyrite and marcasite), chalcopyrite, apatite, pyroxene (diopside, hypersthene),
hornblende, biotite. Figure 3 a and b.

a b
Figure 3. a) b) Low magnetic minerals in the grain size class -0,075 + 0.053 mm for grinding
time of 5 minutes

- The non-magnetic minerals present in the sample are quartz, calcite,
dolomite, apatite, muscovite, coesite, albite, anatase, sphene, rutile, siderite, pyrite,
scheelite, molybdenite, arsenopyrite, monazite. Figure 4 a and b.

a b
Figure 4. a) b) Non-magnetic minerals in the grain size class -0,075 + 0.053 for grinding time
of 5 minutes

CONCLUSIONS
The mineralogical-petrological composition was determined on the

Boranja. The samples were grinded for 2, 5, 10 and 15 minutes in order to


determine grinding kinetics, and then sieved. On isolated grain size classes, a
mineralogical-petrological analysis was performed using binocular microscope in
order to determine the content of magnetic, low magnetic and non-magnetic
minerals. The most favorable separation of magnetic from non-magnetic fraction,
based on the content of iron and tailings minerals, was achieved in the grain size
class -0.075 +0.053 mm, for the grinding time of 5 minutes. The largest magnetic
fraction presence in the investigated grain size class was 68.42%, while the non-
magnetic fraction was represented by 31.58%.
Determined mineralogical-petrochemical composition was of great
importance for the further process of technological testing, especially in the process

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of flotation concentration, where experiments were performed on the investigated


grain size class of raw material, and the finding of adequate processing technology
for this complex ore.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This investigation was


Monitoring the Changes of the Stress Strain State in the Rock Mass "In-Situ" around
the Underground Rooms with Development of Models with Special Reference to the
Tunnel of the Krivelj River and Pit Bor", funded by the Ministry of Education,
Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia.

REFERENCES
1.
Bor Serbian edition
2. Serbian edition
3. Laboratory technological tests and mineralogical composition of iron ore from surface
Serbian edition

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