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ASIAN OIL & GAS


NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010
GAS POWERS ASIAN GROWTH

DTU DESIGNS ON SEA

BOHAI BREAKTHROUGH

ORDERS SIGNAL BETTER TIMES

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november/december 2010 regional update

AOG
ASIAN OIL & GAS
averaged nearly 26 barrels of condensate per
mmcf/d of gas, an approximate 60% increase over
www.aog-mag.com the 16.5 CGR in DST #1, performed at the top of
the reservoir. DST #7 was conducted over a 355ft
Asian Oil & Gas horizontal limestone/dolomite interval with 10%
Atlantic Communications LLC, porosity at a true vertical depth of 7743ft.
1635 W Alabama, Houston, The data gathering process has been
Texas 77006-4101, USA completed at the Antelope-2 well and subsequent
Tel: +1 713 529 1616. horizontal laterals, with reservoir analysis
Fax: +1 713 831 1778 underway as preparations are made for long
subscription@aog-mag.com term production.

Asia Pacific Editor: NEW ZEALAND The Maari field development


John Mueller has reached a significant milestone with oil
US tel: (+1) 802 229 5194 VIETNAM Vietgazprom, a JOC of PetroVietnam flowing from the Manaia well, an 8km long
jrreports@hotmail.com and Gazprom Zarubezhneftegaz, has completed borehole targeting the Mangahewa formation of
tests on a second objective of the exploratory the Manaia structure, the longest oil well ever
Asia Pacific correspondent: well VGP-113-BV-3X in the Bao Vang structure drilled in New Zealand.
June Jonet in block 112. The well, drilled to a depth of PMP38160 and PEP38413 contain the Maari
Singapore tel: (+65) 811 26 884 1600m, flowed gas at an estimated 3.7mmsf/d field and the nearby Manaia oil discovery,
junejonet@thesilverback.com and condensate at around 2000b/d with no CO2 respectively, located in a 100m water depth
or H2S. A third objective in VGP-113-BV-3X is about 80km southeast of the Taranaki coast and
Design & layout: scheduled to be tested. 40km south of the prolific Maui field.
Ian McInnes The Vietgazprom JOC is planning to drill Wayne Kirk, OMV New Zealand MD, said: We
imcinnes@offshore-engineer.com another exploratory well in the Bao Vang anticipate its going to take several months of
prospect, VGP-111-BV-4X, to a projected depth production to accurately determine recoverable
Publisher: of 1600m. reserves for Manaia. That information will be
Rob Garza also used to help determine whether we will drill
robg@oilonline.com AUSTRALIA Four wells appraising Apaches more wells.
Balnaves-1 discovery in licence WA-356-P
Editor-in-chief: offshore Western Australia have initiated CHINA Primeline Energy has completed an
David Morgan development planning. Balnaves is an oil initial review of the recent LS 35-3-1 exploration
dmorgan@offshore-engineer.com accumulation in a separate reservoir beneath well in East China Sea block 25/34, confirming
the large gas reservoirs of the Brunello gas field. a hydrocarbon accumulation in the western
Managing editor: The recent Balnaves-3 appraisal well test flank of the Lishui Basin. Gas flowed from a low
Jennifer Pallanich flowed 9076b/d of oil and 13mmcf/d of natural permeability reservoir, a significant outcome
jpallanich@oilonline.com gas from a 16ft interval. The Balnaves-1 for development of the deeper gas zones in the
discovery, drilled in 2009 by the Stena Drilling LS 36-1 gas field and the gas potential in the
Published by: semisubmersible Stena Clyde as part of a series region in general, part of a rolling development
Atlantic Communications LLC, of gas exploration and appraisal wells in the programme with CNOOC to tie additional
also publishers of Offshore Julimar-Brunello complex, encountered 64ft of resources into a proposed production facility to
Engineer and the web-based net oil pay at about 10,650ft subsea. Balnaves-2 be built at the LS 36-1 gas field 15km away.
industry news and networking was a sidetrack from the discovery, and
service OilOnline Balnaves-4 a sidetrack from Balnaves-3. RUSSIA The Odoptu field,
(www.oilonline.com) part of the Sakhalin-1
INDIA NELP IX (New Exploration Licensing project offshore northeastern
Repro by: Policy), offering 34 blocks from 10 sedimentary Sakhalin Island, has started
Screaming Colour, London, UK basins, comprising eight deepwater, seven production. Operated by
shallow water and 19 onshore, covering a Exxon Neftegas, the field is
Printed by: combined land area of 88,800km2 has been expected to contribute about
RR Donnelly & Sons, Pontiac, launched. 11 million barrels of oil in
Illinois, USA Nineteen of these blocks are up for tender for 2011. Field development
the first time, a total area of 58,336km2. The has involved the drilling
Digital edition: permits are open for competitive international and completion of seven
http://interactive.aog-mag.com bidding with national oil companies required extended-reach wells,
to compete on an equal basis. The last date for employing land-based rigs
bidding is 18 March 2011. which drilled horizontally
under the Sea of Okhotsk to the reservoir over
PAPUA NEW GUINEA InterOil reports that 9km offshore.
drill stem test #7 at the Antelope-2 horizontal Development of Odoptu included construction
2A well in the Highlands of PNG flowed gas at of a new onshore oil and gas treatment facility
2.5 to 4.5mmcf/d with limited formation water and flowline connection to the existing Chayvo
produced. The condensate-to-gas ratio (CGR) onshore processing facility.
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ASIAN OIL & GAS november/december 2010 iii
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regional update

RUSSIA Gazprom has recently discovered NEW ZEALAND


a new field in the Kirinsky block, part of the TAG Oil has
Sakhalin-3 project. The gas-condensate field acquired 100%
will be developed within the next three years. interest in
Gazprom may invite foreign companies to PMP38156-D,
participate in the Sakhalin-3 project, reportedly onshore the
favouring existing foreign partners in the Taranaki Basin,
Sakhalin-2 project, namely Mitsui, Mitsubishi which contains
and Royal Dutch Shell. the Cardiff gas/
condensate discoveries. The Cardiff structure is
NEW ZEALAND Operator AWE and its Tui joint an anticlinal trap with a number of potential pay
venture partners have resumed oil production zones within the Kapuni Sands formation. The
from the Pateke-3H well, one of four wells at Cardiff gas/condensate find is situated on trend
BRUNEI Prospects continue the producing Tui oil fields located in offshore and among several sizeable deep gas/condensate
to be generated with an Taranaki Basin PMP 38158 shut in since June discoveries, including the nearby Kapuni field
important find in offshore due to artificial lift system problems. the countrys first major onshore discovery and
block B and positive The overhead for the Pateke-3H workover, the Mangahewa and Pohokura gas fields.
developments in both accomplished by the semisubmersible Kan
onshore blocks M and L. Tan IV, is estimated at $46 million, the cost PAKISTAN OMV of Austria is to acquire the
Total E&P Borneo and increased by an approximate 30% downtime oil and gas interests of Petronas International
partners have made a resulting from severe weather conditions. in Pakistan, including the Mubarak, Mehar
significant new gas and and Daphro exploration licences and the Mehar
condensate discovery in INDONESIA Total has signed an agreement and Mubarak development and production
block B, an area comprised with Pearl Oil to acquire a 15% interest in the leases. The deal is expected to close this year
of three separate sections Sebuku licence, located off the southeast coast of and will virtually double OMVs production in
10-50km offshore. Kalimantan, whereby Pearl will retain 70% and the country. OMV (Pakistan) Exploration is
Well ML-5, drilled to Inpex 15%. Located 300km south of the Total- currently focused on the Middle Indus Region,
5664mTVD by the jackup operated Peciko facilities, the licence, which with interests in nine blocks, seven exploration
Ensco 108 in a water depth covers an area of more than 2300km2 with water and two development and production licences.
of 65m, tested at 10mmcf/d of depths of 50-200m, contains the Ruby gas field,
gas and 220b/d of condensate planned to come onstream in 2013. CHINA A Chevron subsidiary has acquired
from a limited zone at 5350m. operating interests in three Chinese exploration
It is the third positive well PHILIPPINES Nido Petroleum, operator of blocks comprising approximately 21,000km2 in
in an exploration campaign Service Contract 54A, offshore Palawan Island, the Pearl River Mouth Basin, taking a 100%
started in 2007, targeting the the Philippines has achieved Tindalo field flow stake in blocks 53-30 and 64-18, and 59.18% in
deep, HP/HT horizons of the rates of up to 9000b/d of oil with an average block 42-05 from Devon Energy China. Chevron
Maharaja Lela structure. water cut of 50% after accomplishing a third acid will act as operator during the exploration phase
In onshore block M, Tap soak in Tindalo-1 sidetrack (ST), using a coiled under a production sharing contract with China
Oils Markisa-1 exploration tubing unit aided by the AHTS support vessel National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC). BP
well encountered oil shows Pacific Ariki. will acquire the remaining 40.82%.
and a possible 29m oil column Tindalo-1 ST, drilled to 1820mTD, intersected
from 1070-1100m in the Ridan approximately 180m of reservoir within the top AZERBAIJAN BP and SOCAR have signed a
sand formation. 50m of the oil column, providing some 120m of new production sharing agreement (PSA) for
In mostly onshore block L, near horizontal producing section. the exploration and development of the Shafag-
AEDs Lempuyang-1 reached Joanne Williams, Nidos deputy MD said: Asiman structure in the Azerbaijan sector of the
2817m TVD short of the We have conducted a conservative stimulation Caspian Sea. Under the 30-year PSA, both BP
programmed depth due programme on this well to optimise productivity Exploration (Azerbaijan), operator, and SOCAR
to overpressure problems. and keep water influx to a minimum. The will hold 50% equity. The unexplored 1100km2
Although no samples were influx of water following the latest acid soak is block lies 125km to the southeast of Baku,
obtained in the five key disappointing but we will continue to carefully located in 650-800m of water with reservoir
target intervals below monitor the response of the well and conduct depth at about 7000m.
2840m, gas and cuttings diagnostic testing to determine the source and
shows starting at 1430m and any possible remedial action. AUSTRALIA MEO Australia has recently
extending to TD are to be been involved in permit holdings transfers
tested with the likelihood of VIETNAM The Te Giac Den appraisal well, offshore the Northern Territory. NT/P68 in the
an appraisal well should the TGD-2X, is to be plugged and abandoned. Bonaparte Basin, a 5900km2 exploration permit
outcome prove successful. Although the well, located in block 16-1 within 100% owned by MEO and in year one of a
The first well in block L, the Cuu Long Basin, encountered significant three-year work programme requiring the
onshore Lukut-1, was hydrocarbons in a clastics reservoir sequence at acquisition of 3D seismic, is having a 3700km2
suspended by operator a measured depth of around 4550m, the flow of portion offered that contains the Heron gas
Kulczyk Oil Ventures mid- oil and gas was sub-commercial. discovery.
June pending testing by a TGD-2X analysis continues as a decision on MEO plans to retain the NT/P68 Blackwood
service rig. the future of the TGD appraisal area is awaited. gas discovery at 100% interest.
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iv november/december 2010 ASIAN OIL & GAS
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OE_M_4_OTC_HPH.indd 1 28/1/10 09:10:30

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regional report

BJ SERVICES
Peter Kiernan Roger Knight

Gas drives Asian


offshore sector growth
With its voracious appetite for energy, Asia is fast becoming a key
player on the global oil and gas stage. In the run up to Singapores
OSEA 2010 show, Asian Oil & Gas asked Infield Systems consultant
editor Peter Kiernan and senior research consultant Dr Roger Knight
to discuss the implications for the regions offshore sector and
current capex trends.

N
on-OECD Asian economies will be expected growing demand for natural gas, and
the driving force behind Asias energy overall, the regions hydrocarbons exporters
consumption growth for the foreseeable will be better placed to supply the region with
future, with much of this demand growth driven natural gas in the form of LNG than with
by the increasing energy needs of the regions oil. While the Asia Pacific region hosts a number
two emerging economic giants, China and India. of LNG exporters it is facing a growing deficit
This has significant implications for the offshore in crude oil supply which will likely result in
oil and gas sector in the broader Asia Pacific greater dependency on the Middle East for
region as operators will be striving to compete to petroleum.
meet the growing demand for hydrocarbons. Overall, however, Infield expects the offshore
In this regard Australias burgeoning offshore sector in both Asia and Australasia to remain
sector is particularly well-placed to meet the buoyant in the coming years, with robust levels
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vi november/december 2010 ASIAN OIL & GAS
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regional report

of Capex expected at least until 2014. While


imports of hydrocarbons will meet a growing
Pipelines and regional rival, the Middle East and
Caspian. Infield also forecasts a 39.3%
share of Asias rapidly growing energy needs, platforms dominate increase in capex on Asian fixed
this does not detract from the fact that regional platforms for 2010-14 compared to the
industry players both national oil companies offshore spend previous forecast period (2005-09),
and private energy firms including majors and In light of the growing pressure on helping to maintain the regions global
independents will continue to focus on offshore operators to supply rapidly increasing dominance of this market segment
oil and gas development in the Asia Pacific Asian oil and gas consumption, Infield throughout the first half of this
region. The Asian oil and gas market is growing expects total offshore capex in Asia decade. A potential significant new
and offshore investment activity is likely to be to maintain its robust performance player into the Asian fixed platform
robust over the longer term, the recent economic reaching approximately US$79 billion market over the next four years is
downturn notwithstanding. over the period 2010-14. expected to be Russias Sakhalin
Infields latest Offshore Asia region.
Recovering quickly oil and gas update forecasts that In capex terms, however, pipelines
The recovery from the recent global economic Indonesia, Malaysia, China and represent the largest market segment
recession has been uneven, with economic India (in order of spend) will be the of offshore oil and gas expenditure in
performance in OECD Europe and Japan still leading offshore spenders in Asia Asia, representing no less than 46.9%
somewhat sluggish compared to developing throughout this period. These states of the regions total 2010-14 offshore
non-OECD economies in Asia. Indeed according have traditionally been the leading oil oil and gas capex. The forecast capex
to Asian Development Banks (ADB) Asian and gas producers in the region, with on pipelines over the period around
development outlook 2010 update, economic Malaysia and China more recently US$37.3 billion is 29.2% up on 2005-
growth in the developing Asian region is making forays into deepwater oil and 09.
expected to reach 8.2% in 2010. In particular, gas development and India seeking Although Asia is mainly a shallow
ADB expects economic growth in China to reach to develop deepwater gas reserves. water region capex related to
9.6% in 2010 and 9.1% in 2011, while in India Meanwhile Chevron Indonesias deepwater activity is expected to
the comparable forecast is for 8.5% in 2010 and projects are expected to headline the steadily increase, especially in the
8.7% in 2011. floating production unit market in the floating production unit and pipeline
Continued robust economic growth is likely to region over the next five years. markets. Overall, floating production
contribute to strong oil and gas demand growth According to Infield, offshore capex capex on projects in water depths
among non-OECD Asian economies; and in the in Asia will continue to be dominated greater than 500m is forecast to
longer term the gap between consumption of oil by the fixed platform and pipelines rise to US$1.68 billion over 2010-14,
and gas between this region and the developed markets, with these two sectors compared to US$1.18 billon over the
OECD world will continue to narrow. Indeed, accounting for capex of just over previous five years. Infield anticipates
developing Asia will require greater volumes of US$63 billion until 2014. Asia is thus a new foray into the ultra-deepwater
fossil fuels to meet the demands of accelerated expected to remain the dominant (greater than 1500m) scene, with
industrialisation, population growth and the region of the global fixed platform US$140 million forecast to be spent,
expansion of a consumer-oriented and affluent market worldwide, both in terms of most of it in 2014. Major deepwater
middle class. At the same time India and China capex on the sector and in the number projects requiring floating production
will also seek to increase the share of natural of additional installations, accounting systems are focused on Malaysia and
gas in their respective national energy mix in an for 32% of fixed platform capex Indonesia.
effort reduce dependence on coal. globally in 2010-14. Pipeline investment activity in Asia
In the US Energy Information In fact Asias fixed platform capex is is mainly focused on shallow water
Administrations (EIA) International energy likely to be double that of its nearest developments, however capex on
outlook 2010 it is forecast that non-OECD Asia deepwater pipeline installations is
CONOCOPHILLIPS

will account for approximately one quarter of the forecast to increase rapidly over the
worlds oil and gas consumption by 2020. 2010-2014 period. Infield expects that
Liquids consumption in the region is expected to pipeline capex in water depths greater
grow from 16.8 million b/d in 2007 to than 500m during this time will reach
22.7 million b/d by 2020, with China alone US$4.5 billion, more than double
accounting for two-thirds of this growth, or the level reached during the 2005-09
4 million b/d, over the same period. Non-OECD period.
Asian liquids consumption is expected to amount Offshore Capex in Asia is thus
to 24.6% of total global consumption by then. expected to remain robust throughout
Similarly, annual natural gas consumption in the first half of this decade, and will
non-OECD Asia is expected to nearly double be dominated by the fixed platform
between 2007 and 2020, from 10.5tcf to 20.4tcf, and pipelines markets. While
and by then the regions gas consumption is Fixed structures continue to dominate Asias offshore profile continues
expected to account for 25.8% of global demand. the Asian offshore oil and gas scene. to be dominated by shallow water
Chinas annual gas consumption is forecast Pictured are the bridge-linked riser activity, expenditure on deepwater
to more than triple over 2007-20, from 2tcf utilities and wellhead platforms in the developments is expected to show a
to 6.3tcf, while Indias demand is expected to Peng Lai development in Chinas Bohai noticeable increase over the next four
increase from 1.4tcf to 3.9tcf over the same Bay. years compared to previous years.
period. > overleaf
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ASIAN OIL & GAS november/december 2010 vii
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regional report

LNG exporters (Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei)


as well as steadily growing LNG consumers
such as India and China. Of the top ten global
LNG importers five are in Asia (Japan, Korea,
Taiwan, India and China); but the region
also contains three of the top ten global LNG
exporters (Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei).
The Sakhalin region will also be a crucial source
of LNG for the region, while the impact of
Myanmars offshore gas projects will soon likely
be felt as well. Meanwhile, nearby Australia is
poised to become a major supplier to the Asian
LNG market, with the potential to rival Qatar as
the leading LNG player in the longer term.
As Asian energy demand grows, operators
are seeking oil and gas deposits in deeper
waters. Although overall the Asian region is still
dominated by shallow water activity, offshore
Figure 1: Asian oil and gas Energy deficit oil and gas discoveries in Asia have been found
production trends since 1970. Because of relatively limited regional resources in deeper waters since broadly the mid-1990s,
SOURCE: BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD Asias demand for hydrocarbons will likely and some of the more significant offshore
ENERGY 2010
increasingly be met by imports from outside the developments likely to come onstream over
region, especially with regards to oil. Although the next five years are found in deeper waters;
offshore oil production will continue to dominate especially in India, China and Malaysia.
the regions production levels and because
of this the regions deepwater potential will Offshore developments
be increasingly explored and developed it is Indias shallow water Deen Dayal West and
unlikely that Asian oil producers will be able to Central fields and the deepwater Krishna
reverse the expected steep growth in dependence Godavari and Dhirubhai regions located off
on imported sources of crude oil. Indias East Coast in the Bay of Bengal are
It is interesting to note that while the beginning to be a major hub of offshore gas
developing economies in the Asian region are activity in the Asian region. However, the
collectively heading towards a consumption recently reported withdrawal of international
level rivalling North America, current estimates partners to Indias state-owned Oil & Natural
reveal that Asias top six oil producers Brunei, Gas Corporation (ONGC), Statoil, Petrobras
China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam and BG Group, may cause delays in some field
possess just 2.9% of the worlds proven oil developments.
reserves. Myanmars shallow water Shwe fields, with
But the story for natural gas is somewhat total estimated reserves of 5.6bcf, will likely
different. Asia along with neighbouring represent one of the more significant offshore
Australasia is poised to be at the forefront startups in Asia over the next four years. The
of new global natural gas developments main customer for Shwes gas will be China,
(especially liquefied natural gas LNG) which which is jointly constructing with Myanmar
will be mainly sourced from offshore and a 2800km pipeline system from the Myanmar
unconventional (onshore) natural gas reserves coast into western China; one pipeline will
in the broader Asia-Pacific region. As a result import the Shwe gas while a parallel line will
Asias dependence on energy imports from import oil from the Middle East to enable
regions further afield, such as the Middle East, China to diversify its crude oil import routes
will likely not be quite as acute for natural gas away from dependence on the Malacca Straits.
as it will be for crude oil. While offshore oil The China National Offshore Oil Corporation,
developments in Asia may play some role in in co-operation with Canadas Husky Oil, is
compensating for oil production declines onshore also developing the Liwan deepwater offshore
such as in China and India the potential for gas field, a major South China Sea field with
Asian and Australasian LNG exporters to supply reserves of 5tcf.
Asias steadily growing gas market from their Malaysias Gumusut/Kakap deepwater oil and
offshore reserves is somewhat greater. gas field complex, forecast to come onstream
Natural gas has risen in Asias production in 2012, has an estimated 1tcf in gas reserves
profile while oil output has been broadly flat for and 300 million bbls in crude oil reserves. Other
the last decade and a half. A result of this has major deepwater projects expected to come
been the emergence of Asia as the hub of global onstream in Malaysia by 2015 include Senangin,
LNG trade and will even more so when taking Malikai, Ubah and Kerisi.
into account neighbouring Australia in the Meanwhile, the Chevron-operated fields
coming years as the region hosts a number of offshore East Kalimantan (Ranggas, Gandalo
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regional report

Maps and more


The new second edition of Infield Systems
Offshore Asia Pacific ol & gas activity map to 2015
will be launched at the 18th OSEA conference
due to take place 30 November-3 December at
Singapores Suntec complex.
The map will be available free of charge to
all visitors to the companys stand (4F4-06),
reports Infield international sales manager
Steve Adams, who will be attending OSEA
and can be contacted on +44 (0)7773 019 569
(cell) .
Infield, widely acknowledged as the
definitive independent information resource
for the global offshore oil, gas, renewable
energy and associated marine industries, will
also have available its latest market forecast
Figure 2: Asian offshore field and Gehem) are expected to be major deepwater report for the Asia Pacific region.
discoveries by size and water Indonesian developments. As well as providing detailed expenditure
depth. Further afield the Asian region is also well- forecasts for deepwater, subsea, floating
SOURCE: INFIELD SYSTEMS DATA placed to be supplied by Australia, which is production, fixed platforms, pipelines and
likely to emerge as a major player in the global control lines, Infields Regional perspectives
natural gas market. This is in no small part Offshore Asia Pacific oil & gas market update
due to the development of offshore natural gas report provides a comprehensive analysis
and (onshore) coal bed methane (CBM) projects, of market, industry and geopolitical issues
both of which will be exported in the form of impacting the regions offshore
ffshore oil and gas
LNG from existing and newly-constructed markets.
liquefaction terminals to mainly Asian markets.
The vast majority of Australias natural gas
reserves are located offshore in the countrys
north-western and northern regions, in the
Carnavon, Browse and Bonaparte basins. These
three basins collectively contain more than 91%
of Australias offshore natural gas reserves and
will supply major Asian buyers such as Japan,
and increasingly China.
Meanwhile, in the Russian far east, offshore
developments at Sakhalin are another source
of hydrocarbons for the energy-hungry Asian
market, with an LNG export terminal in
operation supplying mainly Japan and with
the Odoptu field from ExxonMobils Sakhalin 1
phase recently coming onstream. As a result the
potential for future associated gas sales in the
broader Asian region has only increased.

Continued investment focus


Rapid energy demand growth in Asia will drive
continued investment in the regions offshore
oil and gas sector, although operators will have
better success in meeting regional needs for
natural gas than with oil. Asias oil deficit is
likely to continue to increase while the region
will remain a hub of LNG activity as it hosts
many major consumers and (offshore) suppliers.
Asia will also become a destination for offshore
hydrocarbons produced on its periphery, such as
Western Australia and Russias Sakhalin region.
The level of offshore capex forecast by Infield
until 2014 suggests that Asia will continue to be
a major focus for investment activity, especially
for the fixed platform and pipeline markets.
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offshore exploration

Understanding Bohai
Combining spectral decomposition extraction techniques with
multi-attribute classification capabilities proved a powerful aid to
the geological interpretation of the complex Longwangmiao gas
field in northern Bohai Bay. In this article for AOG, Zou Bingfang and
Wu Dongmei of PetroChina and Schlumberger Chinas Dr Jun Zhu
and Lu Guanghui discuss their study teams findings.

B
ecause of the high cost of drilling offshore, risks while confirming the most viable prospect
oil & gas companies need increased and target reservoir in an economical way.
knowledge of reservoir characteristics Just one exploration well had been drilled in
before determining the optimum location for the LWM field, encountering small gas shows
an exploration well. Regardless of the number from some formation layers. The reservoir
of wells or reservoir complexity in a given rocks were thin bedded sandstones at depths
region, employing an integrated reservoir between 1800m and 2800m with an average
characterisation system enables precise thickness of 10m. Although the sources of the
description of the subsurface throughout sand and hydrocarbon were unclear, most
exploration and development. Getting the most geologists believed the field was dominated by a
from seismic and well data is critical to project depositional environment of fluvial and deltaic
success, as well as cost savings, especially if fully facies.
analyzed and evaluated prior to the start of the While fault-block traps had been found by
drilling phase. performing traditional seismic interpretation of
As many oil & gas exploration and the field, it was difficult to predict which trap
development projects have encountered, there is was best to drill. Using GeoFrame reservoir
room for improvement in prospect identification, characterisation software, the team was able to
evaluation and resulting well placement. combine geological analysis data from the single
Seismic attributes have played a major role available well with the usual types of seismic
more recently, dramatically changing the way attributes. Unfortunately, it was still difficult
companies explore and exploit hydrocarbons. to pick out a solid drilling location for a new
However, it is not always enough to have proposed well, despite the existence of channels
traditional seismic attributes for performing in the north as indicated by a regular RMS (root
a full analysis of geological formations. mean square) seismic attribute map.
Particularly difficult formations may require
special characterisation methods to extract more Interpretation and analysis
detailed attributes, and in doing so, produce During this field study, geoscientists took
better mapping of seismic attributes to reservoir advantage of sophisticated seismic interpretation
properties. techniques using SeisClass multi-attribute
An example is the discovery of previously classification software for an improved
Abstract unrevealed reservoir layers during a PetroChina understanding of potential reservoir targets.
PetroChina has improved field study that investigated a target formation This software, which is fully integrated with
its geological interpretation of thin bedded sand layers. the GeoFrame reservoir characterisation
accuracy to more reliably system, enabled the generation and analysis of
identify and better understand Complex location detailed lithofacies class and probability maps
key reservoir prospects for PetroChina conducted a thorough reservoir through spectral decomposition extraction and
drilling new exploration wells characterisation study according to a precise classification.
in Bohai Bay, northeastern methodology for the Longwangmiao (LWM) The array of functions and multiple
China. A research study team, offshore field, a PetroChina Liaohe oilfield classification algorithms allowed for a more
comprised of PetroChina located in northern Bohai Bay. The main complete reservoir characterisation, and
geoscientists and Schlumberger challenge for the study team was ascertaining because multi-attribute classification software
software technology experts, where to drill a new well in this complex gas determines variations in lithology, more accurate
applied a unique seismic field that had a depositional environment geological interpretations were made possible.
attribute solution that helped consisting of thin bedded sand layers and many The study team also leveraged the technology
determine the best locations for normal faults that divided an anticline into of the GeoFrame Seismic Attribute Toolkit
new exploration wells. several fault blocks. Other concerns facing the (SATK), employed to integrate seismic
The results of this study led to team of PetroChina geoscientists were high interpretation and attribute analysis, using
the maximisation of gas reserves costs associated with offshore drilling and attributes from the spectral decomposition to
and the mitigation of risks the increased pressure to maximise reserves. characterise many thin sand layers within the
associated with offshore drilling Identifying and placing an exploration well in formation of interest. SATK provided a user-
activities. the best possible location would help reduce friendly method for performing tasks such as
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xii november/december 2010 ASIAN OIL & GAS
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offshore exploration

analysing horizon attributes, generating trace


header values, calculating attributes based
in adjacent trace correlations, generating
a variance cube volume from seismic data,
and accessing an XML file to change default
parameter values. This toolkit helped extract the
maximum amount of value from seismic data
by giving more detail on the subtle lithological
variations of the reservoir. By correlating
seismic attributes with geological well data
results in maps, the study team was able to
select well locations that involved less risk and
penetrated a higher percentage of sand in the
reservoir.
During the course of the field study,
PetroChina geoscientists significantly increased
their knowledge of the Liaohe oil field. With the
help of sophisticated reservoir characterisation
and seismic attribute analysis software tools,
more accurate geological data was obtained than
had previously been possible. The additional
data acquired by alternative means enabled
the study team to recognise channels in the
north, as well as the distribution of alluvial
deposits in fault-block structures in the south.
Consequently, geologists were able to confidently
recommend an exploration well to be drilled in
the southern alluvial deposit area of the LWM
field. On acquisition and interpretation of new RMS amplitude attributes map showing the formation of interest, with an indication
3D seismic data in the field adjacent to the north of channels existing in the north.
(sector/area/channels), similar traps were also
detected in the northern part of the structural
zone. The additional data expanded the area to
be considered for new well prospects.
With the aid of more reliable geological maps
to find reservoir prospects, the locations for two
new exploration wells were identified in the
field adjacent to the north, with good oil and
gas shows already discovered in the first well.
During drilling, gas layers with a total thickness
of approximately 100m were discovered, a high
value return on the exploration investment.
Drilling plans for additional wells in the Bohai
Bay field are currently in development.
The reliability of the field study results
was further demonstrated by the fact that
the geological characterisation matched the
actual discovery. The combination of spectral
decomposition extraction techniques with
multi-attribute classification capabilities proved
to be powerful in doing geological interpretation
for the LWM field. Once the new wells start
producing, the processing of seismic data with
these same methods will continue to play
an important role in the field development
planning efforts of PetroChina, improving the
accuracy of geological interpretation, refining
the results of reservoir characterisation and
gaining more confidence in hydrocarbon volume
calculations. The end result is transforming Grid attributes of different frequencies of thin sand layers classified using SeisClass
data into information that can be utilised for software. Channels are indicated in the north and alluvial deposits in the south (red).
better decision-making and overall asset value Drilled well locations (green) represent a mixed lithology where small amounts of gas
maximisation. shows were discovered previously.
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ASIAN OIL & GAS november/december 2010 xiii
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platform design

Designing DTUs for


Southeast Asia
Dry tree unit design considerations for the Southeast Asia region,
and the results of recent model tests and computational fluid
dynamics analysis, are discussed here by Technips Allan Magee,
Kenneth Yeoh Hock Guan and Jaime Tan Hui Choo.

D
Abstract TUs include primarily spar platforms and
Dry tree floating platforms tension leg platforms (TLPs), which have
(otherwise known as dry tree units or are able to accommodate wellhead
DTUs) have been applied for many equipment on the host facility rather than on the
years with great success in regions seabed, providing direct access to the reservoir.
such as the Gulf of Mexico, the DTUs are well suited for developments in
North Sea and West Africa. Deep regions with water depths from less than 300m
draft semisubmersibles (DDSs) and up to more than 2500m and are field proven
the extended draft platform (EDP) solutions that are often more economical than
are also considered feasible for use subsea or wet tree developments. Deep draft
with dry trees but have yet to be semisubmersibles (DDSs) and the extended draft
deployed in numbers. As oil and gas platform (EDP) are also considered feasible for Figure 1. Murphy Kikeh spar hull under
developments continue to extend into use with dry trees. construction at MMHE fabrication yard.
regions of deeper waters and towards A spar (Figure 1) is commonly a large-
more challenging reservoirs, other diameter vertical cylinder supporting a topsides fabrication and tow-out draft requirements.
parts of the world, most notably and a system of risers with a deep draft which Having the deck built at quay level reduces
Southeast Asia, Western Australia, produces favourable low motion response. In the need for heavy lift cranes as the topsides
Brazil and the Arctic regions, are particular, the deep draft reduces the vertical modules may be skidded out, giving wider
investigating and some have already component of wave exciting force and increases flexibility for selecting regional fabrication sites.
begun using these technologies. the heave natural period beyond the range of Neither offshore mating nor floatover operations
The application of DTUs in wave periods, thus reducing heave motions as are required as the topsides can be completed
Southeast Asia is relatively new. far as necessary to assure excellent performance and commissioned at quayside. Once deployed
In order to maximize the benefits in the given environment for which it is at the site, the legs are extended to provide
of DTU capabilities, their designs designed. The low centre of gravity and high the vertical clearance (airgap) and low motions
must account for the influence of the centre of buoyancy give rise to inherent stability required for offshore operations using dry tree
regional environmental (metocean) of the spar. It is moored by groups of mooring risers.
conditions, the availability of lines anchored to the seabed which allow the The first DTU, ConocoPhillips Hutton TLP,
construction and installation spar to be moved horizontally with respect to was installed in the UK North Sea in 1984. The
infrastructure, requirements for local the wellheads on the seafloor for drilling and first DTU installation in the US Gulf of Mexico
content in the facility delivery and workover operations. There are three types of was the ConocoPhillips Jolliet TLP in 1989.
1
specific operating procedures and spars in use today: truss, classic and cell . Subsequently 13 spars and nine TLPs have
infrastructure for key activities such Most TLPs (Figure 2) have four-column hulls been installed in the Gulf of Mexico making that
as drilling. interconnected by pontoons at the keel and are region the main centre of DTU development
A paper presented at the moored by axially stiff vertical tendons to the with the total number of DTUs here exceeding
1
Offshore Asia conference in Kuala seabed. Other types of TLPs have also been used . all other parts of the world, added together. The
Lumpur earlier this year gave a The relatively large topsides deck area North Sea has three TLPs installed, West Africa
wide overview of how regional available as a result of the hull column four, and in Southeast Asia to date Malaysia has
considerations influence the design configuration, is potentially capable of one spar (Murphy Kikeh) and Indonesia has one
1
of DTUs . This article focuses and reducing the overall height of the topside. This TLP (Chevron West Seno). A large majority of
expands on parameters affecting arrangement is advantageous, particularly when these use dry tree completions.
DTU designs for the Southeast used in combination with tender assisted drilling DTUs can offer important advantages over
Asia region. An overview of the key (TAD). wet tree solutions, primarily as a result of
design requirements for the region The DDSS and EDP (Figure 3) have their ability to provide direct access to the
is presented. Examples of recent four-column hulls similar to a conventional platform wells from the host facility. This direct
model tests and applications of semisubmersible and low motion response access enables the operator to drill, adjust,
computational fluid dynamics (CFD) comparable to a spar. Well-established semi-taut maintain and repair the wells, as required by
analysis are presented to show how system components can be applied for the DDSS production considerations. This, in turn, enables
they can be used to address specific and EDP moorings. From the construction and the application of more complex completions
design considerations for such installation perspective, an EDP may be built and downhole equipment (by minimizing the
platforms. at relatively shallow locations due to smaller consequence of equipment failure through
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platform design

reduced repair and replacement times) and can


ultimately lead to increased reservoir recovery,
primarily by allowing more cost-effective well
intervention to extend useful production life and
by reducing well shut-in times.
Dry tree completions also offer important
benefits in flow assurance by minimizing
pressure loss due to friction and heat loss to
the seawater in the riser section. The relatively
direct vertical path from the reservoir to the
surface facility also acts to minimize slugging
effects, offering process advantages at the
facility in terms of receiving vessel size and
process system efficiency.
Many drilling options are available using
the DTU. A dedicated mobile offshore drilling
unit (MODU) can be used to predrill a certain
number of wells or the DTU can be offset to
allow MODU drilling. Full drilling capabilities
can be obtained using the DTU as a drilling
platform for a marginal cost increase compared
to a production-only platform. The low motions
and excellent station-keeping of DTUs offer
drilling capabilities comparable to or even
exceeding most MODUs. z smaller hull freeboard, typically 35ft; Figure 2. TLP during towout in
Due to their unique design characteristics, the z shorter hull draft and length; US Gulf of Mexico.
motions envelopes of DTUs are lower than for z lighter hull weight;
barges, shipshape FPSOs or conventional semis. z lower motions that benefit hull, risers,
The question is: How small is small enough? tensioner stroke, and topsides design;
and this is mainly a function of regional factors. z continuous production in 100-year storm
From a motions perspective, the key challenge conditions;
for the DTU designer is in assuring the response z smaller mooring system and lighter tendons;
envelopes of the host platform will be sufficiently and
small to satisfy both strength and fatigue life z top tension risers which can be directly tied to
requirements of the hull, topsides, mooring and the hull (Chevron West Seno) or tied with short
riser systems while maximizing useful payload stroke tensioners (Murphy Kikeh).
and reducing costs. Site geological characteristics need to be
In practice, accurate motions predictions are carefully studied in determining the suitable
achieved through a combination of feedback from foundation for DTU mooring systems and in
field data, and correlation between model tests some extreme cases the DTU floater type.
and numerical analysis. The challenge going Suction and driven anchor piles may be used
forward is to maintain and expand the existing for tendons of TLPs and other DTU mooring
knowledge base, while taking into account the systems where the seabed condition permits
important regional design influences, together them. In relatively poor soil conditions, gravity
with robust fabrication-friendly design practices. based foundations may provide a viable solution.
This will assure suitable designs, thus allowing The primary deciding factor on the type of
the many advantages of DTUs to be extended foundation is very often the costs of installation.
further beyond their well-established regions. This benign environment does not extend
to the neighbouring Western Australia region
SEA regional considerations where extreme cyclonic storms and unfavourable
Environmental conditions The Southeast seabed conditions are known to exist.
Asia deepwater offshore region, principally Midstream infrastructure In Southeast
Malaysia and offshore Borneo in the South Asia there is generally no seafloor pipeline
China Sea, has a relatively mild wave infrastructure readily available and thus
environment with moderately long wave production export from DTUs has been made
periods. There are significant currents driven by to FPSOs or to other fixed platforms. This is
seasonal weather patterns not aligned with local an important factor to be accounted for in field
storm environments. developments here.
This relatively benign environment has The choice of the export/import riser system
the following positive impact on DTU hull has an influence on the DTU mooring layout and
design relative to other regions with harsher design. A catenary riser system has minimal
environments such as the Gulf of Mexico and the effect on the spar mooring system, since it Figure 3. EDP conceptualised by
North Sea: imposes small horizontal load. However, a Technip.
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ASIAN OIL & GAS november/december 2010 xv
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platform design

a very favourable and practical solution, since


Southeast Asian reservoirs often require high
riser counts and multiple well interventions to
maintain peak production rates. After the initial
drilling, the drilling vessel can be recalled for
workover when needed without any penalty to
the payload requirements of the DTU.
The low motion response of the DTU helps
to make the TAD operations feasible with high
uptime. Since the DTU typically has remarkably
low motions in order to accommodate riser
systems well, the emphasis of the design needs
to focus mainly on the coupled TAD operations
that may be the governing conditions.
At the initial design stage the DTU platform
has to be specifically configured to work with the
TAD vessel. The main criterion is that the drill
deck elevation must be compatible with the TAD
crane for transferring the drilling equipment set
(DES) from the TAD vessel to DTU. This would
generally result in a two-level topsides as is
the case for the Kikeh spar. The DTU mooring
design must account for the coupling with the
Figure 4. West Setia TAD vessel mid-water transfer system, between the spar TADs mooring and a system on the DTU to
deployed for drilling on Murphy platform and another vessel, such as that used connect the lashing lines between the DTU and
Kikeh spar. for the Kikeh field development, imposes a high TAD must be in place. For TLPs, this requires
horizontal load due to relative motions between additional lateral moorings to be added to the
the two platforms and has to be balanced with platform to resist the forces from the TAD/DTU
the spars mooring lines. The spar provides lashings. Since the distance between the TAD
flexibility to use either export/import riser and DTU during drilling operations is short,
systems. A mid-water transfer system connected flexible nylon lashing lines are required to limit
to a TLP would require a permanent lateral the loads in the lashing lines. The stiffness
mooring system on the TLP to resist the high requirement of these lines dictates the lines to
horizontal load. Flexible jumpers, used as export be longer than the distance between the two
lines on the West Seno TLP may help reduce vessels. The length requirement is achieved by
permanent lateral loading, routing the lashing lines down the length of the
Operational and installation philosophies Spar using turning sheaves and anchoring on
4
Conventional DTUs with large topsides usually the spar hull . A similar suitable arrangement
are designed with full production and dedicated is needed on the TLP and various solutions
drilling facilities. In benign environments allowing sufficiently flexible lashings have been
however, there is an option for smaller DTUs implemented in West Africa.
where drilling is carried out by third-party The gap between TAD and DTU must remain
drilling vessels. The topsides weight is close enough to allow personnel transfer using
significantly reduced when this is the case since the gangway, yet not too close to risk collision
most of the drilling related payload is located on of the vessels. In addition, the lashing tensions
the drilling vessel. must be maintained in a range to prevent
In this region, high-specification mobile either slack lines, with potential snapback
offshore drilling units (MODUs) for drilling loads, or over-tensioning of the lashings which
and subsea workover are rarely present and could damage or even break the lashing lines.
mobilisation of such vessels is costly. This If the relative motions become too large or
implies that DTUs with drilling facilities may unpredictable, the operations crew will have
remain a viable option unless other third- to suspend drilling operations and pull back
party drilling facilities besides the MODUs are to a safe distance to wait for better weather
available. conditions.
Drilling with tender-assisted drilling vessels Due to these tight constraints required
has proven to be economical option in DTU by the close operational spacing of the TAD
developments as TAD vessels are available in with DTU, a thorough understanding of the
the Southeast Asia region and may be employed factors influencing the vessel relative motions
for drilling and workover. This was the case for is required to assure safe operations and to
both DTUs installed in this region. The Murphy achieve expected operational uptime. Technip
Kikeh development has deployed the West Setia is currently performing multi-body interaction
TAD (Figure 4) and the West Seno TLP used model tests and benchmarking of computational
the West Alliance TAD. Drilling with TAD is fluid dynamics analysis for a TAD/TLP system
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Converteam, the power conversion company, provides customised solutions and systems
converting electrical energy into productive performance. Our scope covers consulting,
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services.

For more information visit Converteam at OSEA:


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30 Nov - 3 Dec 2010 www.converteam.com

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platform design

solution resulting in a shorter schedule for


installation than a multiple lift modularized
topsides. Quayside installation for topsides is
usually preferred since it is lower on costs and
risks. Offshore lifts however have been opted in
many DTUs whereb the optimised hulls are not
designed with sufficient stability for quayside
installation. The lack of availability of heavylift
derrick barges in the Southeast Asia region
provides a key driver for the topsides to be
installed using the floatover method
(Figure 5). The benign environment, except
during monsoon season, further lends itself to
floatover at the platform site, with sufficient
3
installation windows available most of the year .
All DTU applications in this region to date
have applied minimum platform facilities, ie
wellhead-only DTUs in combination with FPSO
facilities. An opportunity exists to combine the
functions of both vessels, in a single classic spar
Figure 5. Topsides installation in current and waves. This is further described including storage, thus reducing complexity
by floatover for Murphy Kikeh below. from two vessels in the field to one. The Shell
spar. Coupling through lashing lines with the DTU Brent spar, which operated successfully in the
may also increase lateral accelerations of the North Sea and was recently decommissioned,
DTU resulting in significantly downgraded included storage. While this would result in a
rig capacity, thereby reducing the efficiency larger spar with larger topsides compared to a
of drilling operations and increasing drilling simple wellhead DTU, the resulting platform
downtime. Next generation TAD units may would likely be similar in size to existing Gulf
consider dynamic positioning to increase uptime of Mexico spars and the reduced complexity of
and limit the impact of TAD drilling option to avoiding separate mooring systems and fluid
DTU designs. If dynamically positioned TAD is transfer lines between wellhead and processing/
considered, careful design of the station-keeping storage platforms could well prove economical
control systems will be needed to assure safe for both capex and opex. In addition, it is
operations and avoid drive-offs in weather possible that the next generation of TAD vessel
windows similar to existing installation vessels. in the region may be configured to support
One interesting opportunity for TLPs in this taller platforms, due to the potential emerging
region is in the potential for self-installing market in neighbouring Western Australia, thus
tendons. Tendon self installation from the TLP accommodating larger topsides with full process
may not be cost-effective in many regions. This facilities.
is because increased column spacing would Country-specific requirements To boost
be required to maintain stability during the the economy and to create more employment
installation phase. With the high deck elevation opportunities, it has become policy of
required in severe environment regions, a governments to require high local content in
significant cost increase could be expected if the project executions in Southeast Asian countries.
additional loads required for tendon installation Fabrication of a DTU hull and topsides are often
were placed on the deck, resulting in significant completed in one of the fabrication yards in the
over-design of the TLP. In Southeast Asia, particular country. The existing fabrication
however, since the deck height is reduced method used for the spar can be adapted for
compared to other regions, the impact of tendon use in a shipyard or general-purpose offshore
self installation will be less significant, as fabrication yard without the requirement for
column spacing may be driven more by deck area previous spar fabrication experience and without
requirements than by stability. In addition, the major yard upgrades. This approach was
lower deck height of the TLP, which is driven demonstrated with the Kikeh spar. However,
by TAD operational requirements would allow any limitations with the local fabrication yard
using the TAD deck crane to assist the TLP for facilities, including quay bulkhead height and
tendon self installation. Thus deployed, the TAD tidal variations, must be considered when
could simply remain on site for the subsequent configuring the hull and selecting the loadout
drilling operations. configuration and transportation vessel.
Traditionally topsides are installed on Most offshore facilities experience in this
DTUs by heavy lift, except in cases where the region rests on fixed jacket platforms in
topsides are too large and heavy to be lifted relatively shallow water. For TLPs, considerable
when the floatover method is used. In some technical experience is needed to handle critical
Figure 6. CFD analysis output. cases, floatover has became the most economic structural components such as tendons and
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OE_M_4_OTC_HPH.indd 1 28/1/10 09:10:30

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platform design

tendon porches as well as in the installation of become the preferred analysis tool for many
tendons. Thus, outside expertise must generally applications.
be relocated temporarily into the region to carry CFD is a numerical analysis technique to
out deepwater developments. This may impose solve the complex mathematical equations
a burden on contractors without sufficient local governing fluid flow, including the wake.
infrastructure to carry out advanced deepwater Previously limited to internal flows, recent
projects. developments have improved the ability to model
the air/water surface including interactions of
R&D initiatives the fluids and multiple floating structures in
While performance principles for individual motion including the wake (Figure 6). Using
floating structures in waves are well understood, numerical models based on CFD, designers can
multi-floating body interaction in current and now take into account the viscous wake effects
waves continues to be an area of research for the left out of simplified potential flow solutions,
deepwater industry. Two-floater interactions, while retaining the important effects of surface
as shown in Figure 4, will become increasingly waves, together with the coupled moorings.
common for developments in Southeast Asia and The results will improve the reliability of the
other regions. However, such applications are designs before they reach the field, reducing
still relatively new and limited model tests and downtime and minimizing field adjustments
full-scale data is available. once mandatory for such complex systems.
Figure 7. Model scale tests at Model test data for a spar +TAD vessel have Despite improvements in the reliability
Marine Laboratory, Universiti shown that the horizontal relative motions of numerical models, model-scale laboratory
Teknologi Malaysia. between TAD and DTU are highly dependent on tests are nevertheless still necessary for
2
current . It is believed that the relative motions benchmarking CFD analysis. Currently
may be affected by unsteady shed vortices in Technip Malaysia is performing model tests at
the wake of the upstream body influencing the Marine Laboratory Universiti Teknologi
the motions of the downstream body. The Malaysia (Figure 7).
phenomenon is similar to the case of two risers In this research work, the phenomenon of
in a stream, wherein for a certain separation vortex-induced motions is being investigated
range, the upstream risers drag increases and and its possible adverse effects accounted for
the downstream riser is shielded. This tends to in the design of future DTUs floaters. The
decrease the mean gap. At the same time, the results of the model test data will be used for
unsteady wake from upstream body increases benchmarking the CFD.
the dynamics of the downstream body. Due to As results of the research become available,
coupling, the relative motions of the two bodies the design of risers and coupled mooring for
are increased. DTUs with TAD vessel will be made more robust
Existing numerical models for multi-floater and reliable, by properly accounting for multiple
interactions, based on potential flow, account vessel interactions.
References for wave diffraction effects, but neglect the
1. Regional considerations in the viscous wake effects, which must be treated Conclusions
design and delivery of dry tree separately, often using semi-empirical methods Dry tree completions are field proven solutions
floating platforms. S Barras, A or model tests which may not be available for that have carried out successful production in
Sablok, A Magee and K Yeoh some configurations. Thus, the design of coupled numerous deepwater oil and gas developments
Hock Guan. Offshore Asia 2010 mooring and risers systems together with the around the world. There are many advantages
Conference, Kuala Lumpur, floaters themselves requires a new approach to DTU application for field developments in
Malaysia. that accounts for this interaction behaviour deepwater hydrocarbon basins in Southeast
2. The Kikeh spar and tender to produce safer and more reliable system Asia. Various factors influence the selection and
assist drilling. H Haslum, performance. design of DTUs in this region and these must be
T Eilertsen, A Sablok, A Tahar, Inline with this, Technip has embarked on carefully considered to allow successful project
J Wan, M Chew. Offshore research initiatives involving computational execution. The primary factors to be considered
Asia 2006 Conference, Kuala fluid dynamics analysis and model-scale are:
Lumpur, Malaysia. laboratory tests to assess interactions for z water depth;
3. Spar topside floatover a TAD+TLP system in current and waves. z environmental conditions;
installation structural design Consistent with aspirations for technology z existing midstream infrastructure;
and analysis. M Luo, L Chen transfer and improving local capabilities, this z operational and installation infrastructure;
and D Edelson. Deep Offshore work is being carried out by Technips recently and
Technology Conference 2007. formed offshore facilities product line & z local content requirements including
4. Design and installation technology department in Malaysia. fabrication.
aspects of the Kikeh TAD/ Improved software including integrated There is a strong potential of installing small
spar lashing system. J Wan, meshing, coupled with gains in computing DTUs with third-party drilling in this region.
D Edelsen, L Chabot. 2010 power now available from low-cost computing Two-body interactions have become increasingly
International Conference on clusters based on improved PC hardware, common in deepwater development and are to be
Offshore Mechanics & Arctic have dramatically improved reliability and well understood for better design of floaters and
Engineering, Shanghai, China. cost-efficiency. Due to these gains, CFD has coupled mooring and risers systems.
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shipyards

Floating production
Teekay Petrojarl Production
is to have Jurong Shipyard
convert the Aframax tanker
Arc II to an FPSO vessel, to
be named Petrojarl Cidade de
Itajai, for $268 million. The
FPSO, chartered to Petrobras
on delivery in 1Q 2012, will

Signs of
be capable of processing
80,000b/d of oil, 70mmscf/d
of gas, injecting 100,000b/d

a pickup
of water and storing 650,000
barrels of oil.
SBM Offshore has named
the P57, an FPSO converted
from the 255,270dwt tanker
MT Accord at Keppel Although regional shipyard activity is still dominated by completion
Shipyard in Singapore and of backlogged awards, recent major newbuild orders and increased
subsequently completed
with topsides modules and
yard investment may be the harbinger of an improving market for
commissioned at BrasFels offshore oil & gas sector vessels. John Mueller reports.

T
yard in Angra do Reis, Brazil. he market for jackups has taken a carriers under development by HHI and Maersk
When deployed offshore significant turn for the better with eight is targeted for the market by 2015 to transport
Brazil for Petrobras, the newbuild orders recently booked, six drilling CO2 resulting from electricity generation, as
311m long vessel will be able units, four for Sembcorp Marine subsidiary exemplified by the Finncap Project in Finland
to process180,000b/d of oil, yards in Singapore and two for Middle East where this process will capture power plant CO2
compress 70mmcf/d of gas builder Lamprell, plus two for wind turbine for storage in North Sea wells.
and store 1.6 million barrels. installation in the North Sea, one of which This technology could help facilitate
Semcorp Marine has serves the dual role of oil field development development of CO2 rich gas fields, such as the
secured two more floating assist. yet to be developed huge Indonesian Natuna
production vessel contracts In addition, two more deepwater drillships are Alpha D Block gas resource in the South China
worth a combined $57 to come out of Chinese shipyards. Sea.
million. BW Offshore has Moreover, floating production has also
awarded Sembawang received a boost with three new tanker-to-FPSO Jackups
Shipyard a contract to vessel conversions to be accomplished by yards Seadrill has entered into a $400 million
convert the 97,000dwt tanker in Singapore. agreement with Jurong Shipyard to construct
BW Genie into a floating Construction vessel newbuild activity is also two Friede & Goldman JU2000E design jackup
production unit (FPU). on an up-trend with four more to be fabricated drilling rigs, suited to worldwide operations,
Workscope includes detailed by Drydocks World in Indonesia and an able to operate in water depths up to 400ft and
engineering and fabrication, advanced deepwater construction vessel to be drill to 30,000ft and offer improved drilling
the installation of new power built for Heerema in Korea. efficiencies with off-line pipe handling and
generation plants, boilers, On the shipyard front, Keppel Corporation, simultaneous operations support as well as
and eight owner-furnished through subsidiary Keppel Philippines Marine increased accommodation.
topside modules. (KPMI), is raising its shareholdings in two The jackups are to be delivered in 4Q 2012
On completion in 4Q 2011, associated companies, Subic Shipyard & and 1Q 2013 respectively. Seadrill also has
the FPU will be 12-point Engineering (SSEI) and Consort Land (CLI) to option agreements with Jurong Shipyard for
moored in the Terang- boost its near market, near customer strategy construction of a further four newbuld jackups.
Sirasun-Batur field, eastern in the Philippines. Atwood Oceanics Pacific, an Atwood Oceanics
Indonesia, about 100km north SSEI, located on Subic Bay (pictured above), subsidiary, has ordered two newbuild jackup
of Bali. 100km northwest of Manila, provides regional drilling rigs from PPL Shipyard, a Sembcorp
Bluewater Energy Services repair, conversion and building services as Marine subsidiary, on a turnkey basis for
is having Sembawang well steel fabrication for marine and offshore $384 million, with options for another three
Shipyard refurbish the structures. CLI owns 72ha of land including the jackups. The rigs, scheduled for delivery in
FPSO Glas Dowr, performing 20ha on which SSEI is situated. Keppel will pay 3Q and 4Q 2012, are of PPL Pacific Class 400
repairs and 10-year life approximately $65 million in cash, increasing design, capable of operating in 400ft water
extension, and upgrading its stakes from 44% to 83.9% in SSEI and from depths with offline handling features and
that includes the internal 33.7% to 38.7% in CLI. accommodation for 150.
turret mooring and transfer In the area of ship innovation, Hyundai Heavy MENAdrill Investment, a venture of
and production systems. Industries (HHI), Maersk Tankers and Det Bahrain-based First Energy Bank, has had
Delivery is expected in Norske Veritas are collaborating on the design the hull of MENAdrill Hercules II launched by
2Q 2011 for deployment in the and risk assessment of tankers for shipping CO2. Sharjah-based Maritime Industrial Services,
Kitan field in the Timor Sea. Furthermore, a next generation of liquefied CO2 the second Friede & Goldman Super M2 design
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xxii november/december 2010 ASIAN OIL & GAS
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shipyards

jackup drilling rig the yard is constructing fourth of seven proprietary design 8500 series
for MENAdrill. MENAdrill Hercules I and such vessels to be constructed by Keppel Fels in
MENAdrill Hercules II, scheduled for completion Singapore for the drilling contractor. The rig is
in 2010 for operations in the Middle East, Africa on schedule for completion and operations in the
and Southeast Asia, will be capable of drilling to Gulf of Mexico for Cobalt International Energy
30,000ft in water depths of up to 300ft. in early 2011. The semis, costing over $3 billion
First Energy Bank, as project sponsor, has for the seven rig fleet, have the capability to
signed a management agreement with Hercules drill to 35,000ft in water depths up to 8500ft,
Offshore Arabia, a wholly-owned subsidiary of upgradeable to 10,000ft. Support vessels
Hercules Offshore. Ensco is also to have its semisubmersible Heerema Marine Contractors
Seafox Group has entered into a joint venture drilling rig ENSCO 7500 upgraded, repaired has signed with Daewoo
and construction agreement with Keppel Fels and refurbished by Keppel Fels in Singapore Shipbuilding & Marine
in Singapore for the Seafox 5 (pictured below), a after fulfilling its drilling contract with Chevron Engineering of South Korea
self-propelled MSEP (multipurpose offshore Western Australia. for a newbuild deepwater
self-elevating platform) jackup scheduled for Sevan Marine has had the 13.4m by 24.5m construction vessel at an
mid-2012 delivery. hull block module of its cylindrical ultra estimated cost of $6-700 million.
The ship-shaped vessel, costing $220 million, deepwater semisubmersible drilling rig Sevan The 210m long self-
is specifically designed for year-round oil & gas Driller II launched at COSCO Nantong Shipyard propelled rapid transit DP3
platform and wind farm work in the southern in China. mono hull will be fitted with
and central North Sea in 65-75m water depths. a Huisman pipelay tower
Managed by Workfox, the DP2 rig will have an Drillships for J-lay (tension capacity of
installation capacity of 1200t, free deck area of Dalian Deepwater Development has had a steel 2000t) and reeling, a 4000t lift
more than 3500m2, accommodation for cutting ceremony for Chinas first deepwater capacity revolving crane plus
150 personnel and a 6500t variable deck load. drillship, Dalian Developer, at COSCO Dalian lowering equipment rated
Shipyard. The drillship is to be completed for a water depth of 3500m. It
Semisubmersibles 3Q 2012 at an estimated cost of $500 million. will have a 4500t pipe payload
Saipem has taken delivery of the sixth The harsh environment vessel will measure capacity.
generation DP3 semisubmersible drilling rig 955ft in length by 165ft in width and be Tidewater has contracted
Scarabeo 9 from CIMC Raffles, constructed at its capable of drilling to 39,000ft in water depths Drydocks World to construct
yard in Yantai, China. The Frigstad D90 design up to 10,000ft. The DP3 drillship will also four 265ft long deepwater
semi, rated to drill in water depths up 12,000ft, have a separate production moonpool and be platform supply vessels (PSV)
will have the marine and drilling systems upgradeable for enhanced well intervention, at its shipyard on Batam
commissioned by Keppel Fels in Singapore. extended well testing and early field production Island, Indonesia for around
Atwood Oceanics has named its newbuild with a 1 million bbl storage capacity. $100 million. Delivery of the
semisubmersible Atwood Condor, on schedule Noble Corporation has ordered a second ultra- UT 755CDL design 3200dwt
for delivery from Jurong Shipyard in Singapore deepwater Globetrotter-class drillship from STX PSVs will happen in 2012.
mid-2012. The DP capable semi is designed Heavy Industries and Huisman Equipment. The Leighton Offshore has
to drill in 10,000ft water depths and will be Noble Globetrotter II will also be constructed re-launched its upgraded
outfitted with a six-ram blowout preventer, in two phases. The hull of the $550 million rig crane barge Mynx,
high-torque top drive providing one million will be built at STXs state-of-the-art facility in constructed in 2006, to
pound rotating hook load, low-emissions engines, Dalian, China, then delivered to the Netherlands bring the vessel into full
efficient pipe-handling, subsea tree-running where Huisman will oversee installation and compliance with the ISPS
equipment and accommodations for 200. commissioning of topside equipment. (International Ship & Port
China Oilfield Services (COSL) has had the Work is expected to start on this second unit Facility Security) code and,
deck module of its newbuild DP3 GM4000 design in 2H 2013 and on Noble Globetrotter I in late among other improvements,
semisubmersible drilling rig COSLInnovator 2011, both units to work for Shell under 10-year include a 400t capacity
assembled and lowered onto the hull by builder terms at dayrates of $410,000 for the first five Manitowoc crawler crane.
CIMC Raffles using the 20,000t capacity Taisun years. The vessel is mobilising to
crane at its shipyard in Yantai. The 620ft long DP3 Noble Globetrotter II northwest India to undertake
Ensco has named its newbuild will utilise Huismans multi-purpose tower work associated with the
semisubmersible drilling rig ENSCO 8503, the design, capable of conducting drilling operations Mangala pipeline project for
to upwards of 40,000ft and pipe assembly Cairn Energy India.
simultaneously. Multraship, a Netherlands
Pride International has dedicated it latest salvage specialist, has
newbuild drillship, the Deep Ocean Clarion, built been handed its newbuild
by Samsung Heavy Industries in South Korea. ASD 3213 tug Multratug
The vessel, able to drill in a 12,000ft water 3, constructed by Damen
depth and scheduled for deployment to the Gulf Vinashin Shipyard in
of Mexico in 1Q 2011 for BP, is the second in a Haiphong, Vietnam, a newly
four drillship construction programme. It will be established facility, a JV of
followed by the Deep Ocean Mendocino, delivery Netherlands-based Damen
expected 1Q 2011, and the Deep Ocean Molokai, Shipyard and Vietnam
to be completed 4Q 2011. Shipbuilding Industry Group.
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company focus

Oil field innovations


Emerson Process Management has introduced a range of new
products and concepts which the company believes will be of
significant benefit to both the upstream and downstream sectors
of the oil & gas industry. John Mueller reports.

T
he 2010 Emerson Global Users Exchange,
held this year in San Antonio, Texas,
attracted over 2300 attendees from
47 countries, showcasing many user applications
of Emerson solutions, embodying information,
expertise and knowledge for and from a broad
range of industrial automation professions.
The Exchange involved users participating in
over 300 short courses and workshops, as well
as industry and technology forums, product
roadmaps and meet the expert sessions.
The five-day event was marked by a series
of product launches and the handing over of
company reins to Steven Sonnenberg, taking
over as president of Emerson from John Berra,
who has retired after 40 years with the firm.
Also featured was an interactive technology
exhibit, the largest to date, utilising over
60,000ft2 of space containing 23 Emerson
technology and service exhibits that included
such well recognised measurement divisions as
Daniel, Fisher, Micro Motion, and Rosemount, Pointing out that Emerson is about 60% tied
DeltaV process system solutions and Roxar, to energy, with 39% of revenue in 2009 coming
its recently acquired oil & gas reservoir from the oil & gas sector, Sonnenberg (pictured
management specialist. far right) observed: With increasing demand
The hall also housed over 40 related process for energy, the need for extending reserves and
industry, Emerson division and Emerson allied production plays to our technologies. He also
member booths. noted, with regard to geographical industry
Among the many technologies demonstrated drivers: About two-thirds of our business is
were digital bus, smart field transmitters, valve outside of the US. And Asia just surpassed
and valve automation solutions, wired and Europe as the number two region. Rosemount
wireless, and PlantWeb IA architecture. was in China very early, only a few years after

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company focus

the Cultural Revolution. We are also very well Drivers for this change include the fact that Upstream focus
positioned in emerging markets, such as our discoveries are increasingly in remote locations, Products from the various
work with Petrobras in Brazil, in the Middle technical in nature, in need of performance Emerson divisions are
East, and LNG is very big in Australia. improvements and face key skill shortages. employed in virtually all
Enabling technologies identified included aspects of the petroleum
Human Centered Design high-bandwidth communication, large data industry, with flow
One crucial aspect of Emerson business strategy storage capacities, quality video conferencing, measurement particularly
given emphasis was Human Centered Design new sensor technologies and new analytical directed toward the upstream
(HCD), a major focal point to assist customers tools. Other important technology mentioned oil & gas segment, within
to do their jobs better, particularly important was Wi-Fi (for wireless fidelity) networking, which Roxar and Remote
in the face decreasing numbers of experienced modeling, predictive analytics, video chat and Automation Solutions have
and expert personnel. HCD technology can collaboration tools. especial relevance.
embed existing knowledge and eliminate Roxar, a provider of
work processes and facilitate usability in New products products and associated
the development of new products. HCD, as Several new products were unveiled. The services for reservoir
specifically defined by Emerson, is an approach latest process automation system offering management and production
to interactive systems development that aims of DeltaV, Version 11, also introduced its optimisation, was a notable
to make systems usable and useful by y focusing
g electronic marshalling g concept, which, according acquisition in that it brought
on the users, their needs and d requirements, potential to eliminate
to Emerson, has the pote to Emerson corrosion,
and by applying human factors/ergonomics
ors/ergonomics and thousands of hours of lanlanding I/O (input/ permanent downhole flow
usability knowledge and techniques.
hniques. es. connections,
output) device connection
connect achieved with parameter monitoring
A product of HCD initiative instrument
ve is innstrument CHARacterization
CHARacter iza Modules, or solutions and reservoir
Device Dashboards, screens which h provide CHARMs. Th This I/O On Demand is interpretation, modeling and
improved data display usabilitylity for
foor plant simplify
mpl engineering and
said to sim simulation knowhow. These
workers. accommodates
accom mm last minute infrastructure and geological
changes
chaang without problems. formation data intensive
Intelligent oil field DeltaV
Dellta v11 additionally recording and analysis
The Oil & Gas Industry Forum um incorporates
incoorp HCD capability. areas are domains Emerson
examined the Intelligent oil field Emerson also rolled out
Em hopes to enhance through
of the future where the biggest
gest AMS
AMMS (Assembly Management future takeovers. Roxar
challenges to improved discovery
overy Solution)
Soluuti software application is also distinguished by a
rates were seen as residing Asset
Asse et PPerformance removal and retrieval system
in gathering and integratingg Management
Man nag (APM), permitting a ROV to remove
quality data. A digital oil developed
d eveelop with Meridium, a and replace faulty subsea
field is needed with operators,
rs, leader
lead er in APM software for sensors without interruption
partners and service companies
nies asset-intensive
asse t-i industries, to oil and gas production.
taking advantage of improveded data a that nowno combines predictive At the beginning of the year
and knowledge managementt and intelligence
intel llig with asset Emerson opened its US flow
enhanced analytical tools, real-time
eal-timme reliability
relia
abil information and testing and demonstration
systems and more efficient busine
businessss decision
decissio support for improved facility, a 136,000ft2 $30 million
processes. business
businnes decisions. installation.

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company roundup

AOG
ASIAN OIL & GAS and marine casualty investigation across

WOODSIDE ENERGY
Advertisers index Australia.
The Perth team will be supported by other
Air France xi
regional and global offices with specific
Balmoral Comtec Ltd xxv capabilities, such as asset integrity management
Bibby Offshore xxi and analysis of production performance, as
well as the capability of the entire LNG supply
Converteam Ltd xvii chain. First projects are focusing on reliability
Emerson Process Management v modeling of LNG process, drilling riser analysis,
and various rig moves including mooring
Enerflex Process Pty Ltd xxvi
analysis and provision of a client marine
Halliburton vix representation.
Jacks Winches xxiv GL Noble Denton sees a significant number
of large developments in the North West Shelf
Pyroban xvii GROUT FILL FoundOcean has won the offshore region and Queensland, amounting to more than
SPF ii grouting contract for the North Rankin B $170 billion capital expenditure for projects at
(NRB) platform installation, Western Australia, front-end engineering stages that are all aiming
UMW Corporation Sdn Bhd xix
through Heerema Marine Contractors Australia. to start production in the next four or five years.
WPC xvii Each of the four corner legs of the 150m tall
NRB jacket are to be secured to the seabed LNG TRADE Total has signed an agreement
Advertising representatives in a water depth of 125m by 16 primary piles with Santos and Petronas to acquire a 20%
AUSTRALIA: arranged in clusters of four, to be driven through interest in the GLNG project in Australia for
Kevin Smith, jacket pile sleeves, grout to be placed in the pile/ $750 million. Santos and Petronas will transfer
SKS Exhibition & Publishing sleeve annulus. The piles will be inserted to a 15% and 5% respectively to Total, subject to the
Tel: (+61) 8 9443 9712 depth of 306m below sea level into drilled holes approval of the Australian Foreign Investment
INDONESIA: 182m deep and 2.5m in diameter. Review Board.
Tuti Sayogol The project is to recover remaining low Upon deal completion Santos, as operator, will
Tel: (+62) 21 582-5503 pressure gas from the North Rankin and hold 45% and Petronas 35%.
ITALY: Perseus gas fields. The NRB platform will be Total will join the entire integrated LNG
Fabio Potesta connected by two 100m bridges to Woodsides chain, supplied by coal seam gas (CSG) fields in
Tel: (+39) 10 570 4948 existing Rankin A platform (above). Queensland, eastern Australia, to a dedicated
JAPAN: 7.2 million t/y gas liquefaction plant in
Hajime Saito CABLE BRIDGE Halcyon Offshore has acquired Gladstone on the east coast of Australia.
Tel: (+81) 3 3661-8373 Cables International from SGX-listed King Wan Total is committed to offtake 1.5 million t/y
MALAYSIA: Corporation and Cables management for of LNG, depending on the result of ongoing
Koh Earn Soo, $23 million. Cables will become Halcyon discussions between the GLNG participants
Market Intelligence Offshores fourth business unit, Offshore and several Asian buyers. The project will
Tel: (+603) 6280 4136 Electrical & Controls (OEC), which will supply extract CSG from the Fairview, Arcadia, Roma
Mob: (+6012) 389 0675 and distribute specialty cables to the offshore, and Scotia fields, located in the Bowen-Surat
NETHERLANDS/BELGIUM/ marine and mining sectors. Basin, estimated to have over 9tcf of gas, to be
GERMANY: transported at a rate of 900mmcf/d through over
Arthur Schavemaker, SINGAPORE SMART Sigma Offshore 400km of pipeline to GLNG facilities.
Kenter & Co developer of the Smart Mooring System (SMS), Startup forecast for the first train is 2014.
Tel: (+31) 547 275005 a cost-efficient solution for FPSOs and other
NORWAY/DENMARK/ vessels requiring both mooring and fluid FORTUNE GROWS Fortune Oil, a Hong Kong
SWEDEN/FINLAND: loading and unloading in medium to deepwater headquartered company focused on investments
Lisbeth Ldner, Media Call depths has opened a new office in Singapore, and operations in oil & gas supply and
Tel: (+47) 67 124150 complementing offices in Houston, Oslo, and its infrastructure projects in China, is to acquire
SCOTLAND: headquarters in Aberdeen. 65% of the share capital of three subsidiaries
Neil Levett, Alad Ltd of Everthriving Investment, a privately owned
Tel: (+44) 1732 459683 PYE SLICE Harris Pye Singapore has been Chinese LNG and natural gas business for
SINGAPORE: granted a second five-year maintenance and $23 million. The three businesses are: Beijing
June Jonet repair contract by an unidentified major refiner Everthriving Energy Technology, specialising
Tel: (+65) 8112 6844 covering four main power boilers at a refinery in diesel oil to LNG dual fuel conversion
june.jonet@thesilverback.com in Singapore, including plants on Jurong Island technology; Jinzhou Everthriving Logistics, LNG
UK/FRANCE: and all the companys boilers in the region. supply; and Jilin Everthriving Carbon Dioxide
Neil Levett/Mike Cramp/Paul Plastic Technology, engaged in natural gas
Thornhill, Alad Ltd NOBLE CAUSE GL Noble Denton has opened processing.
Tel: (+44) 1732 459683 a new office in Perth, Australia to provide
USA/CANADA/SOUTH & marine assurance and warranty, rig moving, MAC ACQUISITION Oil States is set to acquire
CENTRAL AMERICA: naval architecture services, design verification, all ordinary shares of The MAC, provider
Bill Krull/Lisa Fleischman risk and safety, transportation and installation of remote accommodations for the natural
Tel: (+1) 713 535 1521/874 2215 consulting, due diligence, dynamic positioning resources industry in Australia, for $640 million.
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