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The olomants that contribute to the misalignment of whoele are the following - shaits distortion ~ bearings distortion housings cisterton = Wrong deviations of wheels + misalignment ofbearings. For euch caiouation wo coreider that tho sheft and pinion distortions are equivalent to the helix slope tolerarces of the wheel characterized by a lower degree of presision Geomettic quality This isthe accuracy of gear tocth profiles, tooth alignment with xls of rotation, tooth spacing, concentricty, ard the nght tocth thickness. 1 also invohes the accuracy of gear casings in regard to bore sizes, correct center distances, flames ofjirt surlaces, ard appropriate doweling and bolting Any misalignment inthe gearrain, incuding tre drive shaf, may result In extraordinarily high loads on the related components, and may therefore lead to rapidtailure. (EnginostingFailireAnalysis,Vol. 3, No.3, pp. 219-225,1996) Al gear urite develbp radial loads at both the input ard output bearings. These loads result not orly In stiess but deflections. The type and placement of he bearings can affect the relative positioning of the components as they move from loaded to Unloaded. The direction and location of he external load is very important to the Units overall performance. The dlsiance of the load ‘rom the Deering on the output Shaft affects the load on the beatirg. As this distance increases, so does the bending affect, which if excessive ladsto a fatigue fracture. Qvarhung and thust loads are 'o be minimized. t's quite possible for such exerral loads to affect the tocth contact conditions. In an ideal situation the extemal bending courteracts the berding created fro the gear mesh. seurslaioas condi Toot The one essenTial requremenT in The operaTion of every gear is retabily, and that ean only bo aotiovod with eyetomatisinepection mothods. Inspections Cortiim hat the fished gear is witin te specified tolerances and will material ‘accictin warranting the goar's porforranco prior to itbeing placsd in sorvico. The final inspection procedures will so confirm the quaity evel of the gear before its assembly with a mating gear. Gear inspection is the only was to prove that the required quality standard hes been achieved. Tooth Despite excellent design and manulaciure, ifa gear's hardness doesi!| meet the requirements of the application then all our work is for nothing. Won a shallow case is present, 2 few thousandths than when a deep case is present. A shallow case reduces bending and contact load capactiies. h alloys with @ high hardenabilly itis rot always easy to determine where the core begins. In the practice of gearing. the gear's performance and wear is affected by how foxtrome the levels of roughness aro. With all gear manufacture it is important to ‘min mize these extremes. There is no relationship between gear qualty and surface finish in AGMA standards. An AGMA document on gear tooth surlace texture AGMA 906A94) is a guide to surface finish. Unfortunately there are stll many who do rot realize the sgnticance of the suriace firish on tooth flanks and beleve—quite incorrectythal it willbe a selF-comeciing conditon, Tests have indicated that the rubbing of any two eurfaces recuces the initial roughnaes by no more than 25 Deroent. gcaoicionscom