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architecture

Franois Blanciak is an architect and Research Fellow at the


University of Tokyo. He has worked for architectural firms in Los
Angeles, Copenhagen, Hong Kong, and New York, with such
architects as Frank Gehry and Peter Eisenman.

S I T E L E S S

S I T E L E S S
1001 Building Forms

Franois Blanciak

Blanciak
The MIT Press Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142
http://mitpress.mit.edu

978-0-262-02630-7
SITELESS

k'12
SITELESS

1001 Building Forms

Franois Blanciak

The MIT Press


Cambridge, Massachusetts
London, England
2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced


in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means,
(including photocopying, recording, or information storage
and retrieval) without permission in writing from the
publisher.

MIT Press books may be purchased at special quantity


discounts for business or sales promotional use. For
information, please email special_sales@mitpress.mit.edu
or write to Special Sale Department, The MIT Press, 55
Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142.

This book was set in Helvetica Neue by the MIT Press and
was printed and bound in Spain.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Blanciak, Franois.
Siteless : 1001 building forms / Franois Blanciak.
p. cm.
ISBN 978-0-262-02630-7 (pbk. : alk. paper)
1. ArchitectureComposition, proportion etc. 2. Form
(Aesthetics) I. Title.
NA2760.B52 2008
721dc22 2007015858

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
CONTENTS

Acknowledgments vii

Introduction ix

Chapter One: Hong Kong 1

Chapter Two: New York 23

Chapter Three: Copenhagen 35

Chapter Four: Los Angeles 51

Chapter Five: Tokyo 79

Chapter Six: Scale Test 101

Credits 116
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This book has been prepared in various countries: China, Denmark, the
United States of America, and Japan, over the course of the last five years.
Only in its final stage could I focus on this work full-time.
Hence, I have to first thank the Japanese government for
subsidizing my first years in Tokyo as an independent researcher by
providing me with a fellowship. It is surprising that one of the most
unaffordable and supposedly chaotic cities in the world turned out to
be the most stable environment for gathering and developing my ideas.
Debt is also owed to my former employers; Aaron Tan, Bjarke
Ingels, Peter Eisenman, and Frank Gehry, for enabling me to develop my
work on the side from different urban locations and diverse dogmatic
approaches. Yet, in the serial, crafted, and siteless nature of this study,
a greater deal of inspiration comes from the architects Iakov Chernikhov,
John Hejduk, and Hermann Finsterlin.
A number of individuals have also either encouraged or
questioned my work with sharp criticisms, and pushed me to enhance its
quality. Among them (in no specific order): Ali Tabatabai, Napoleon Meraa,
Yoram Lepair, Michael Sorkin, Aida Mirn, Masashi Nagamori, Leopoldo
Sguera, Tom Russotti, Vytautas Baltus, Tynnon Chow, Amadou Tounkara,
and Siri Johansen managed to formulate constructive comments. In
addition, the insights of Michael Wert and Andr Moore Guimond have
been helpful in the editing of my manuscript.
Finally, I must avow that the physical condition of Tokyoa city
that threatens to collapse at any timeis what forced me to publish this
rather venturesome oeuvre without further delay.

F. B., Tokyo, January 2007

vii
We think the more directions that architecture takes at this point, the
better.
Denise Scott Brown and Robert Venturi
Learning from Las Vegas, 1972
INTRODUCTION

The body of work that follows aims to fill the expanding gap between a
profession that glorifies morphological originality through media exposure
and a more secluded field of architectural research which, unlike its
scientific counterparts, paradoxically neglects experimentation and the
manipulation of form through its sole focus on writing. Proposing a creative
alternative to critical academic literature, this study develops a prospective
series of forms that focuses on the nucleus of architecture, the building
as a unit (whether touched by others or left aside), and on the clarity of
expression of its generative idea. As a result, in the coming chapters, text
has radically been replaced by form.
In order to multiply the range of potentialities in architecture, this
study accepts the physical aspect of buildings as its primary component
(the periodic denial of which proving vain) and proceeds by trial and error.
Rather than striving to identify a singular design method, it searches in as
many directions as possible, then isolates a multitude of devices intended
to differ from each other and to be open for further development. As a
bank of ideas from which articles can be picked to fit particular sites and
purposes, it embodies the desire to exceed the sum of concepts that
come to mind when confronted with the overwhelming situation of an
actual project.
The traditional sequence program plus site equals form is here
intentionally inverted: as in ancient column orders, schemes are conceived
prior to site insertion and subsequent relationships or adaptations. Yet
beyond archaic dogmas, although a number of these figures constitute
mere criticisms of recurrent paradigms in the discipline, most aspire to
innovate and envision a more diverse future; to the point that many require
construction techniques not available to date, if not different gravitational
values.
In the absence of any given site, chapters are simply named
after the locations from which the ideas they contain were conceived.

ix
This chaotic sequence of places is employed to reveal a content that
resists the primitive reaction of classification and thereby acknowledges
the discontinuous nature of the creative process. Within a series that
eventually generates its own context, scaleits a priori building material
is left to the imagination of the reader from one item to the next, with a
range that can span from megastructure to cabin size.
For the sake of versatility, the illustrations of this series have
been drawn freehand. What could appear as a deliberate reaction to the
quasi-unanimous computerization of both architectural representation
and building design process is, in fact, a simple choice of convenience.
Not unlike the way physical modeling materials influence form, operating
systems turn out to induce software-specific shapes, to the extent that
they become barriers to the production of diversity. Making room for
various layouts, freehand drawings have been reduced here to their most
neutral expression, in order to minimize the input of the gestural and to
extract the essence of the concept in its most intelligible formulation. This
abatement of representational effects is extended to the adoption of a
constant viewing angle, which, in turn, enhances the perception of both
peculiarities and kinships.
In its layout, the present volume reproduces the graphic
framework of a language. Not unlike the way a plurality of syllabaries cross
each other in Japanese writing, several levels of character complexity
are here juxtaposed with a quasi-absence of punctuation. Each entry is
allocated the same amount of paper space (basically a square), whether
extremely complicated (like kanji, or Chinese ideograms), simply curvy (like
hiragana) or bluntly straight (like katakana). The parallel can be stretched
to the reading experience itself, which can be carried out horizontally as
well as vertically, and almost invariably from left to right or the reverse.
Under each element though, captions, which in many cases preceded
the drawings themselves, have been added to support or complete the
depiction of their respective meanings.
Like a centrifugal escape from the cycle of serial fantasy, the
last chapter reconnects with the cultural realities of an existing site in
Japan, and becomes a scale test. Literally rescuing this opus from art
book shelves, it exploits and shows the ability of this series to morph

x
into proper building proportions with the outcome of a project, as the
opposite of a conclusion. Selected for its median qualities in terms of size,
program hosting capacities, and feasibility rather than for its demiurgical
pretensions, a single scheme is released in the dense urban environment
of central Tokyo to show the inherent flexibility that this set can offer. In
return, this final part intends to reveal the sitelessness of all the other items
by contrast.

INTRODUCTION xi
CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG
1 2 3

mosaic slab dissected facade panel globe

4 5 6

blown corners kneeling pyramid split column

7 8 9

stretched arch triangle bridge zoning windows

column jam swollen triangulation elbow tower

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 3


13 14 15

sigma building packed slab optician building

16 17 18

pixel circle pitched-roof dilemma inflatable floors

19 20 21

alternate cantilever acoustic slab pebble square

22 23 24

sleeve towers physical sketch windproof tower

4
25 26 27

house arena pinned-down tower pebble tower

28 29 30

stretched wire frame fan slab swollen tiling

31 32 33

genealogical tower climbing pitched roof reduced high-rise

34 35 36

blown shafts window reel structural parasites

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 5


37 38 39

hula hoop cone dissected plan base pleat

40 41 42

hopping frames columnless arcades continuous wire frame

43 44 45

fingerprint windows cushion landscape tentacle columns

46 47 48

minced cantilever recycled yards double-Y tower

6
49 50 51

underground program split building courtyard splash

52 53 54

lava slab seismic columns skin = circulation

55 56 57

palm block cone lanes sphere cross

58 59 60

lifted halls buoy structure creeping tower

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 7


61 62 63

hinge slab P tower magnetic portholes

64 65 66

concentric columns grid line high-rise plot

67 68 69

defragmented tower napkin structure topo column

70 71 72

liquid cuts garland tower volume vs. lines

8
73 74 75

meteor facade cross tower vegetal shafts

76 77 78

bubbling tower pillar crown cracked towers

79 80 81

burried square translation block program falls

82 83 84

infinite tower stretched referential giraffe tower

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 9


85 86 87

tower mime tripod house sliced floors

88 89 90

skewered origami ground-floor stretch paw columns

91 92 93

S cuts double-loop tower paper slab

94 95 96

cardioid arena butterfly block permanent scaffoldings

10
97 98 99

hollow tower rounded corners foundation free

100 101 102

cubical dome moment balconies pitched cross

103 104 105

hollow girder pyramid teepee crafted corners

106 107 108

fractal pyramid circular cantilever pumpkin block

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 11


109 110 111

sliced balance oblique floors translated hall

112 113 114

pebble facade mosaic lasso continuous balconies

115 116 117

roof column skin vs. volume slide tower

118 119 120

cubic jaws racquet tower continuous block

12
121 122 123

global slabs flake slab milled portholes

124 125 126

bipolar block compressed path locked tower

127 128 129

stem towers fiber program pitched floors

130 131 132

hatched floors digital slab district tower

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 13


133 134 135

pyramid shield gill windows introverted tripod

136 137 138

lotus globe sunken erasure dried panels

139 140 141

simple top cone dome comet structure

142 143 144

program dodge atomic towers fractal heap

14
145 146 147

revolving bundle lifted diagonal inflated disk

148 149 150

balcony pyramid chalky cantilever opus tower

151 152 153

solid wire frame WTC proposal recycled tower

154 155 156

peeled facade pitched stair timber windows

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 15


157 158 159

limp corridors double roof checkered portholes

160 161 162

hirsute facade hunched cross stalactite structure

163 164 165

flat circus telescopic corner node hub

166 167 168

checkered arch forced grid floor stretch

16
169 170 171

city-block stack hatch building crumpled regulation

172 173 174

tower jet crawling slab window stretch

175 176 177

horseshoe tower double arch pyramid tower

178 179 180

wall projections armor tower scalped dome

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 17


181 182 183

radar tower shrunk plot jiggling grid

184 185 186

diagonal sphinx spilled structure floor loop

187 188 189

city-block chain column boa dancing column

190 191 192

cavity yard spool tower crumpled disk

18
193 194 195

planted arena slab splits evaporative tower

196 197 198

pitched-roof column mineral crop soundwave corner

199 200 201

echo block square trap eroded program

202 203 204

centrifugal columns middle settling facade sheets

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 19


205 206 207

tower node inertial windows huddled slab

208 209 210

forced towers fractal bridge drain tower

211 212 213

lambda floors fiber columns radial hall

214 215 216

double U block wood slab stellar column

20
217 218 219

orientation tower forensic housing elastic block

220 221 222

3/4 cantilever Paris plan windows jaw slab

223 224

half-moon tower buried star

CHAPTER ONE HONG KONG 21


CHAPTER TWO NEW YORK
225 226 227

tuning tower ignited slab ripped corridor

228 229 230

crunched corners walking circuit hanging antenna

231 232 233

buttress towers pitched crown musical openings

234 235 236

roof crack tome stack tectonic floors

CHAPTER TWO NEW YORK 25


237 238 239

reciprocal floors globe stretch sparkling block

240 241 242

Z building projected park structural heroism

243 244 245

disk hops prop block filled outline

246 247 248

shelf building lying towers pitched corner

26
249 250 251

cantilevered trunk blown pyramids rotary cantilever

252 253 254

expansive windows bark facade wrestling slabs

255 256 257

lying totem facade surplus split disks

258 259 260

checkered pitched roof corner wedges outlined windows

CHAPTER TWO NEW YORK 27


261 262 263

extruded ruin program knuckles circumventing towers

264 265 266

split tower dotted block pixel meteor

267 268 269

mesh building circulation tower calendar panels

270 271 272

globular tower amoeba windows pennant slab

28
273 274 275

pinecone flats courtyard triangle quartered globe

276 277 278

tamped cone expanded block chapped column

279 280 281

bifurcated balconies floor hook slalom structure

282 283 284

inverted ruin radial facades caryatid towers

CHAPTER TWO NEW YORK 29


285 286 287

lopsided stack program bondage causeway towers

288 289 290

structural sheet roaring pilotis column jaw

291 292 293

can flats rolled circle rubber facade

294 295 296

brushstroke building packaging top trimmed heap

30
297 298 299

corner hubs glowing square dotted frame

300 301 302

dotted-marks tower dry curtain walls facade drag

303 304 305

square vs. tower prop cantilever flat curve

306 307 308

wrung city block floor trap barrel square

CHAPTER TWO NEW YORK 31


309 310 311

floor container lifted ground floor sky seizure

312 313 314

flat column switchboard block projected slab

315 316 317

program overload block jam bicephalous tower

318 319 320

ramp ring floor press evanescent tower

32
321 322 323

horizontal stalactites attached tower I attached tower II

324 325 326

O plan N section corner traction spiral trench

327 328 329

shutter bulge open plan circus towers

330

dome vs. cupola

CHAPTER TWO NEW YORK 33


CHAPTER THREE COPENHAGEN
331 332 333

pentagon tower fingerprint urbanism cornet slab

334 335 336

oblique twist finger-frame towers foliate facades

337 338 339

ramified tower star vs. square volume simulacrum

340 341 342

open city block medallion slab XYZ megastructure

CHAPTER THREE COPENHAGEN 37


343 344 345

grid vs. frames column spray UN building

346 347 348

girder globe heaved hall reeled windows

349 350 351

column floor frame blend street cupola

352 353 354

flexible ban foliate block dried floors

38
355 356 357

spool disk bubble arch functional towers

358 359 360

column vs. column autophage city block wood-stock building

361 362 363

tendrilled loop penguin tower concurring arches

364 365 366

shucked facades leaning city blocks globes vs. globe

CHAPTER THREE COPENHAGEN 39


367 368 369

tissue hall frame set shinto tower

370 371 372

beam bundle ascending floors circular cubes

373 374 375

sinus slab audio facades sitting arches

376 377 378

program oozing solid stages introverted facades

40
379 380 381

floor bud extruded zoning beveled edges

382 383 384

cement slab corner radiation window film

385 386 387

extruded erasure prop walls paper comet

388 389 390

fourfold floor radius overlap facade tension

CHAPTER THREE COPENHAGEN 41


391 392 393

underground arch facade towers homothetic square

394 395 396

corner tower pinned column magic pilotis

397 398 399

urban arch tangential globe dotted sequence

400 401 402

score windows envelope building canvas slab

42
403 404 405

woven dome escalator block circulation worms

406 407 408

forced louvers program dragon cantilevered link

409 410 411

bloom section # building unravelled corner

412 413 414

hidden corners pitched-roof slab decanted tower

CHAPTER THREE COPENHAGEN 43


415 416 417

concentrate gravity regulation wrap cone seal

418 419 420

circle vs. cone in-and-out column unraveled slab

421 422 423

graphic-scale building pitch ceiling finger yards

424 425 426

shelter tower window tape triangle towers

44
427 428 429

roll tower captive buildings trapped dome

430 431 432

section windows circulation corners vascular balconies

433 434 435

dancing balconies ignited strip tree globe

436 437 438

edge target room carving functional section

CHAPTER THREE COPENHAGEN 45


439 440 441

lasso structure strip release plug-in columns

442 443 444

confetti towers expanded dice liquid square

445 446 447

rearview windows hatched pyramid outlined cantilever

448 449 450

domino slabs nuclear tower fold-averse slab

46
451 452 453

jacked-up block extensive corners spiral cyclops

454 455 456

ocular tower anchored block spring floors

457 458 459

directive building back-to-back towers cement towers

460 461 462

pitched-roof cube structural strata paper architecture

CHAPTER THREE COPENHAGEN 47


463 464 465

viral tower walking pyramid swollen facades

466 467 468

room chain prostrate tower moving target

469 470 471

fission section structural obstacles square tornado

472 473 474

continuous pillar column heap erupted pyramid

48
475 476 477

disk roll dotted farandole tube pack

478 479 480

minced slab tower follicles balloon building

CHAPTER THREE COPENHAGEN 49


CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES
481 482 483

olympic building erected veil linear vs. concentric

484 485 486

limp tripod back-pass towers capsule tree

487 488 489

underground towers extruded camouflage projected block

490 491 492

wheel tower billboard floor vertical zoo

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 53


493 494 495

resurrected building parcel crash Lobkowitz tower

496 497 498

corner squid shading frames room geyser

499 500 501

mummy slab dotted tower corner arch

502 503 504

Goode projection plan stapled slabs grid shot

54
505 506 507

tripartite globe walking circle chute tower

508 509 510

bottomless tower spinning rooms competing towers

511 512 513

stellar weaving locked slices treble-clef tower

514 515 516

slab kick piercing structure pillar takeoff

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 55


517 518 519

chalk tower city-block hug e-building

520 521 522

vitruvian circulation checkered cantilever structural rendering

523 524 525

coiled steel wired structure stretched city block

526 527 528

oblique pixel dome stack ribbon tower

56
529 530 531

trenched dome ground-bound floors mold facade

532 533 534

spool steps paper floors ballast dome

535 536 537

eye slab puddle pyramid dancing floors

538 539 540

tube dome pitched-roof belt viral structure

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 57


541 542 543

statistic structure thick tape girder cone

544 545 546

Beuys tower extruded path wired shading

547 548 549

globe glove twofold canyon puzzle facades

550 551 552

tower glass napkin slab city-block jam

58
553 554 555

ivy screen tower arena pillar stock

556 557 558

program glass pyramid pennant free Plan Voisin

559 560 561

convergent towers dome plus cube screw

562 563 564

log-joint building cube hug garland floors

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 59


565 566 567

program pie edentate block drying antennas

568 569 570

chimney column magnet square animal caryatids

571 572 573

building melee scribble glazing forsaking cantilever

574 575 576

solar grid obstructed periscope linear globe

60
577 578 579

walking node skyline jar diagonal release

580 581 582

ferris elevator solid glass rotative arena

583 584 585

sequence towers UC block hoop columns

586 587 588

dripping skylight cantilevered pennant flat hinges

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 61


589 590 591

tower globe dog-eared pyramid belt structure

592 593 594

calendar cone S frame housing slabs

595 596 597

walking slab bondage columns half-S section

598 599 600

forced facades braid tower roof cap

62
601 602 603

curtain slab U-turn tower grid dome

604 605 606

shriveled square creeper columns chain tower

607 608 609

ostrich arch bundle block pyramid crunch

610 611 612

drilled rock D tower fractal whale

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 63


613 614 615

leprous block spit towers hinged flats

616 617 618

meshed slab unstuck windows telepathic towers

619 620 621

diameter axis peeled ceiling lattice slab

622 623 624

hoist tower city-block dome curly plus

64
625 626 627

coral portholes vertical Atomium globe vs. dome

628 629 630

digital section city-block spool optional corners

631 632 633

eye slab progressive grid funnel wire frame

634 635 636

amplified facade U-turn building interface facades

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 65


637 638 639

global cross collision crop internal battle

640 641 642

topo facades amoeba slab pigtail towers

643 644 645

exponential balconies finger-frame lock program texture

646 647 648

horned corners ticket tower crown jaws

66
649 650 651

frame slab wire-frame column program potato

652 653 654

block hug spiral bowl cubical ivy

655 656 657

topo stairs oblique wave striped bowl

658 659 660

climbing balconies corner columns column jaws

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 67


661 662 663

globe stack square stretch structural scales

664 665 666

beam trap mixed floors needle column

667 668 669

double hinge circular stairs digressive columns

670 671 672

floored facade skittle block unit evaporation

68
673 674 675

comb house vacuum towers solid lighting

676 677 678

dog-eared slab inverted pitch rotary city block

679 680 681

oblique table outline overlaps map tower

682 683 684

substracted columns globe corner tripod hug

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 69


685 686 687

girder arch corner lift global plan

688 689 690

oblique slices glazing snare erectile shutters

691 692 693

lifted towers block wave acoustic rooms

694 695 696

corner locks frequency block double cone

70
697 698 699

rotary Plan Voisin square mapping half structure

700 701 702

seizing courtyard structural antenna hollow star

703 704 705

flattened hemisphere excursive corner refused skyscraper

706 707 708

turbine block vanishing sequence A4 building

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 71


709 710 711

corrugated corners tower dissection sleeve tower

712 713 714

ribbed slab line pack insulation facades

715 716 717

housing towers triple fold coefficient walls

718 719 720

mac tower paper balconies slab steps

72
721 722 723

chamfer tower structural scene grid bulges

724 725 726

audio corner crossed pitched roof solid fishnet

727 728 729

barbed-wire structure dimension block squeeze-box facade

730 731 732

ionic cantilever stapled floors split column

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 73


733 734 735

suburban tower simulated sphere quadruped slab

736 737 738

congested corner stellar towers crushed arena

739 740 741

sticker panels bobbin facade fern columns

742 743 744

frayed square hurricane facade corner impact

74
745 746 747

corner steps revolving stripes facade wrinkles

748 749 750

stretched pyramid pillow structure sea-horse column

751 752 753

cantilevered satellite peeled sphere sawtooth edges

754 755 756

flattened block pyramid cube crown tower

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 75


757 758 759

shaft locks crown square tortile wire frame

760 761 762

diamond tower facade suction cloud carousel

763 764 765

flint pitched roof imbricated slits snooker urbanism

766 767 768

peeled roll corner substitutes sunken windows

76
769 770 771

dried grid stamen block XXX floors

772 773 774

telescopic city block landed Sputnik corner cloud

775

crisscross sections

CHAPTER FOUR LOS ANGELES 77


CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO
776 777 778

pixel magnets clover tower radar slab

779 780 781

ball-bearing floors radial dome dog-eared chessboard

782 783 784

incremental program street-pattern tower erectile cantilever

785 786 787

tube tower flattened globe crater portholes

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 81


788 789 790

corset tower dipped city block hollow pyramid

791 792 793

tangential beams grid chunk deflatable tower

794 795 796

hesitant cantilever eight tower flag building

797 798 799

menhir jam maelstrom plan beam building

82
800 801 802

twig square flaccid edges stealth circle

803 804 805

bundletower structural hub akimbo tower

806 807 808

pyramid blimp global tower splash towers

809 810 811

modern buttresses columnless floors bumped geode

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 83


812 813 814

continuous Cerd room studs sag bridge

815 816 817

can wave column jaw window spray

818 819 820

vying arches insulation block glove slab

821 822 823

triple E yard tape pillar facades

84
824 825 826

column spray structural orbits tile floors

827 828 829

underground Atomium program shake iconic building

830 831 832

coaxial floors spiral straitjacket circulation ivy

833 834 835

swollen streets wrung floors kanji tower

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 85


836 837 838

tower belt cone rebound chain-link towers

839 840 841

plunger facades extra corner discharge structure

842 843 844

jaw circle crane towers globe menhir

845 846 847

kanji plan perspiring program plastic atrium

86
848 849 850

bondage floors girder building wrung block

851 852 853

lateral twist rotary center turbine sphere

854 855 856

katakana tower homothetic slabs curtain-wall can

857 858 859

facade spray warhead facades bridge block

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 87


860 861 862

polar columns plunger facets spring block

863 864 865

brick flats symmetric tower ornamental plan

866 867 868

triangle trunk whirling tiles iteration escape

869 870 871

concentric towers suburban city block organic arkhitekton

88
872 873 874

spherical arkhitekton moment towers USB tower

875 876 877

end bundle square tostada spiral sets

878 879 880

slab crawl drip cantilever roof projection

881 882 883

slope piercing shield walls column star

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 89


884 885 886

shriveled pennant convex floors slough tower

887 888 889

hatched block corner mitosis capsule slab

890 891 892

solar tower hive cube concave floors

893 894 895

lattice globe hinged slab radar arch

90
896 897 898

leapfrog circle cantilevered outline skewer antenna

899 900 901

crawling frames tripod tower crumpled globe

902 903 904

post-and-beam tower claw towers iteration leap

905 906 907

globe chain radial disk omega block

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 91


908 909 910

JU tower corner locks girder tower

911 912 913

tower eruption acanthus panels column slalom

914 915 916

bouncing tower pixel flag global strata

917 918 919

soft origami dried girder ramp balconies

92
920 921 922

siamese floors deep billboard cuff circle

923 924 925

centrifugal balconies score building canopy slide

926 927 928

extension icicles fungal balconies eye beam

929 930 931

glass meiosis slab lock radial column

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 93


932 933 934

corner extensions panel geyser excavated cantilever

935 936 937

slab trail grid bulge fillet tower

938 939 940

panel locks whirling pillars continuous facade

941 942 943

bridge tower marble block street settling

94
944 945 946

joint corner column heap histogram circle

947 948 949

grid sleeve vertical skyline introverted frame

950 951 952

thick portholes peeled cone alternate facades

953 954 955

pixel pitch locked circle hatched tower

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 95


956 957 958

hatched curve dancing grid homothetic tower

959 960 961

tripartite column half house stepped cantilever

962 963 964

wrinkled corners milled program housing stack

965 966 967

circular wave UV slab ricochet tower

96
968 969 970

solid firework clamped city block modernist pitched roof

971 972 973

armed slab rake pilotis tile building

974 975 976

pitched tube double-C tower column drip

977 978 979

square mill trimmed facade floor round

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 97


980 981 982

drape slab exponential tower envelope slab

983 984 985

centerfold building rebound structure knitting circulation

986 987 988

dome squares tension sheet shriveled circle

989 990 991

woven column Malevich tower grotto tower

98
992 993 994

forced pitched roof dissected hall program rolls

995 996 997

circulation limbs addition slab stepped rhombus

998 999 1000

legged loop fluffed antennas frequency strip

1001

nuclear cones

CHAPTER FIVE TOKYO 99


CHAPTER SIX SCALE TEST
Tokyo as testbed

CHAPTER SIX SCALE TEST 103


A tangential leap from the fantastical into reality, this final chapter explores
the possibility of implementing a single scheme from the previous series
(figure 638) as a building. Formerly inspired by Tokyos rigid regulation
system, the selected concept reconnects with the actual constraints of
a site in that very city, landing on a plot adjacent to Yoyogi Park. The
buildinga usual combination of commercial, residential, and office
spacesis the result of the collision of twenty-three spheres (coincidentally
equaling the number of Tokyo wards) of identical radius, which fuse inward
to differentiate various spaces by vaults rather than walls. The seemingly
random stacking of these elements allows groupings to create larger
rooms when appropriate or divisions into smaller ones when cut by inner
floors.
The remaining outer membrane of the structure is cropped as it
meets the boundary defined by city building rules, thus providing diverse
diameters of openings to match the respective functions and locations
of the rooms. Facades become sections, leaving the appearance of the
whole as a mere by-product of a compelled site-specificity.


1
(north direction)
0.6

1
1.25
20m

10m

Zone 3 height regulation system from Shibuya City Office

104
Process model

CHAPTER SIX SCALE TEST 105


N
0 10 50 100m

Urban situation

106
Aerial view

CHAPTER SIX SCALE TEST 107


Street-level view

108
X4 X3 X2 X1

1
D012

RFL=GL+2224

1
D013
4685

1
D151

7FL=GL+1755
t = 2 5
t=100
5
D155

t=3

t=10
t = 3 5 0
2265

t=12
t = 2 0

t = 6 8

t = 2 5 0
6FL=GL+1530 t=25
t=100




2360


t=12
t=20
t=118

5FL=GL+1295 t = 2 5 t=250



2685

1 1
D102 D105
22245

t=25 t=12
t=100 t=20
t=118

4FL=GL+1025 t=250

t=3

t=10
t = 3 5 0

t=25 : t=9.5+9.5
t=100
3250


3
D153
t=12
t=20
t=118

3FL=GL+700
t=250

2
D152

: t=9.5+9.5
3200

t=25
t=12
t=100
t=20
t=118

2FL=GL+380 t=250

: t=9.5+9.5
t=25
t=100
3500

4

D154
t=12
t=20
t=118
t=250
1FL=GL+30
300

GL=+-0.00
: t=9.5+9.5

2
D153
2900

t=25
t=100 t=12
t=32 t=20
5000

t=450 t=118

B1FL=GL-290 t=250
2100

3275 1650 3275

8200

X4 X3 X2 X1

0 1 2 5m

Transversal section

CHAPTER SIX SCALE TEST 109


1 1 1 1
D012 D014 D012 D014
2
D213

Y3 Y3

2
D210

t=12

: t=12
16m2
19m2 1 1
D013
+3.80 D013
+0.30
19m2
6350

6350
: t=12

t=25
t=100

t=350 13m2 t=12


t=25
t=100
10175

10175
t=12 t=350

:
O20 :
O20

Y2 1 Y2 1
D011 15.5m2 D011



15.5m2 t=12 7.5m2
15.5m2
3826

3826
2
D211

2
D212

Y1 Y1

3275 1650 3275 3275 1650 3275

8200 8200

X1 X2 X3 X4 X1 X2 X3 X4

5m
Level 1 floor plan Level 2 floor plan 0 1 2

1 1 1 1
D012 D014 D012 D014
t=5+A6+
t=6.5

Y3 Y3

2
D215

2
D214



20m2
10.5m2 16.5m2 1 1
D013 D013
6350
6350

t=25
t=100 +10.25
t=350 t=12

+7.00 17m2

10175
10175

: t=25
O20 t=100
t=350

: t=12

Y2 1 Y2 1
: t=12 D011 D011

t=12 t=12

10m2 t=12
11m2
14m2
3826
3826


5m2
2
D216

Y1 Y1

3275 1650 3275 3275 1650 3275

8200 8200

X1 X2 X3 X4 X1 X2 X3 X4

Level 3 floor plan Level 4 floor plan

110
1 1 1 1
D012 D014 D012 D014

Y3 Y3

t=12
t=12


t=3
t=3


t=10 t=10
1 1
D013 D013
6350

6350
2
:
D217
O20 2
D218

+12.95

2
t=12 D220
10175

10175

19.5m2
t=25
t=100
t=350

Y2 1 Y2 1
D011 D011

: t=12 +15.30

t=12
6m2
t=12
t=25 11m2
3826

3826

11m2 t=100
t=350
: t=12

:
t=25

2
D221

Y1 Y1

2
D219

3275 1650 3275 3275 1650 3275

8200 8200

X1 X2 X3 X4 X1 X2 X3 X4

Level 5 floor plan Level 6 floor plan

1 1 1 1
D012 D014 D012 D014

Y3 Y3

t=12
t=12

1 1
D013 D013
6350

6350



10175

10175

t=3
t=3




t=10
t=10
2
D218

Y2 1 Y2 1
D011 D011

:
O20

+17.55 2
D218
3826

3826


14.5m2 t=25
t=100 t=3
t=350
: t=12

t=10

Y1 Y1

3275 1650 3275 3275 1650 3275

8200 8200

X1 X2 X3 X4 X1 X2 X3 X4

Level 7 floor plan Roof plan

CHAPTER SIX SCALE TEST 111


1 1
D011 D013

RFL=GL+2224

1.25

t=12

7FL=GL+1755 W6

6FL=GL+1530 1
D105

W5


t=3
t=12
5FL=GL+1295


t=10

4FL=GL+1025
t=12
t=3


t=10
1
D103

W4
3FL=GL+700

1
W3 D104

2FL=GL+380 t=12

W1 2
D225

W2

1FL=GL+30

GL=+-0.00

East elevation 0 1 2 5m

1 1
D012 D014

RFL=GL+2224

7FL=GL+1755

t=3


t=10

6FL=GL+1530

5FL=GL+1295

1 1
D106 D102

4FL=GL+1025


t=3


t=10

3FL=GL+700

2FL=GL+380

1FL=GL+30

GL=+-0.00

South elevation

112
1 1
D014 D012

2
RFL=GL+2224 D226

W16

W15

7FL=GL+1755

t=12


6FL=GL+1530 W14

W13
t=3


t=10

5FL=GL+1295

1
W12 1
D102 D105

4FL=GL+1025

2 W11
D227

W10
3FL=GL+700


t=3


t=10
W9

2FL=GL+380
t=12

W8

W7

1FL=GL+30

GL=+-0.00

North elevation

1 1
D011 D013
RFL=GL+2224


1 t=3


t=10
1.25

7FL=GL+1755

6FL=GL+1530 1
D105

W22


t=3
5FL=GL+1295

t=10

t=12


W21 W20
4FL=GL+1025

1
D103

3FL=GL+700

1
W19
D104

2FL=GL+380

2
D228

W18
W17

1FL=GL+30

GL=+-0.00

West elevation

CHAPTER SIX SCALE TEST 113


View from Odakyu Line

114
CREDITS

Book design
Franois Blanciak
Hans Park

Project contributors
Wan-Ling Ko
Dick Olango
Omoi Toyonaga

Illustrations
NASA: 103
Shibuya City Office: 104
All other illustrations Franois Blanciak