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# Name: Sanguan, Maricar A.

Subject Area: Patterns of Algebra (Mathematics)
Lesson Title: Problems that Involves Variation Class Schedule:

## LEARNING TARGET/OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson the students CAN:

Solve problems involving variation by:
a. Identifying what is asked and the given in the problem
b. Determining the type of variation (direct or inverse) involved in the given problem
c. Deriving an equation to solve the problem
d. Make a conclusion based on the given problem

CONCEPT NOTES:

Illustrative Example 1:

## The amount of money raised at a school fundraiser is directly proportional to the

number of people who attend. Last year, the amount of money raised for 100
attendees was Php2500. How much money will be raised if 1000 people attend
this year?

What is asked? How much money will be raised if 1000 people attend this year?
What are the given? The amount of money raised is directly proportional to the number of
people who attend. Mathematically, we have:
Let

Type of Variation Since the problem states that the amount of money is directly
proportional to the number of attendees therefore, it is DIRECT
Formula VARIATION
=
Substituting the values to the formula we have:
2500 = ()(100)

## Solve Then solve for

2500 ()(100)
=
100 100
So we have,
= 25
Thus, plugging the new and the value of we have to the original
formula we have the following
= 25
= (25)(1000)
= 25,000
Make a conclusion (based Therefore, if 1000 people will attend then Php25, 000 will be raised!
on what is asked in the
problem)

Illustrative Example 2:

For the Choir fundraiser, the number of tickets Allie can buy is inversely proportional
to the price of the tickets. She can afford 15 tickets that cost Php5 each. How
many tickets can Allie buy if each cost Php3?

What is asked? How many tickets can Allie buy if each cost Php3?
What are the given? The number of tickets is inversely proportional to the price of tickets.
Mathematically, we have:
Let

Type of Variation Since the problem states that the number of tickets Allie can buy is
inversely proportional to the price of tickets therefore, it is INVERSE
VARIATION.
To solve for the value of the k (constant);
=
Formula
=

Substituting the values to the formula we have:
(15)(5) =

## Solve Then solve for

(15)(5) =
75 =
So we have,
= 75
Thus, plugging the new and the value of we have to the original
formula we have the following
75
=

75
=
3
= 25
Make a conclusion (based on Therefore, if the price of the tickets is Php3 then Allie can buy 25 tickets.
what is asked in the problem)
CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING
Directions: Solve the following problems that involves variation by filling in the table below.

PROBLEM 1 If 16 women working 7 hours day can paint a mural in 48 days, how many
days will it take 14 women working 12 hours a day to paint the same
mural?

What are the given?

Type of Variation

Formula
Solve

Make a conclusion
(based on what is

PROBLEM 2 Brady bought an energy efficient washing machine for her new
apartment. If she saves about 10 gallons of water per load, how many
gallons of water will she save if she washes 20 loads of laundry?
What are the given?
Type of Variation

Formula

Solve

Make a conclusion
(based on what is

PROCESSING QUESTIONS:
Q1: How did you find the activity?
Q2: What operation did you use to answer the problem?
Q3: What are the mathematical concept did you apply to solve the problems?
Q4: How did you determine the type of variation involved in the given?

SYNTHESIS:
GLASS, BUGS, Mud. In each object write one thing that describes your understanding with the
lesson using the windshield metaphor of clear vision. Glass: totally clear; Bugs: a little fuzzy;
Mud: I can barely see.
LIFE-LONG LEARNING ACTIVITY:
Today you have learned how to solve problems that involves variation by following
the problem solving process presented. Also, you are able to identify the type of
variation involved by looking at the key phrases that determines each variation. Just
like in decision making, you sometimes look for various signs that will somehow help
assess certain problem or situation you are in. In the same manner, cite an
experience wherein signs helped you in making decision or the other way around and
what have you realized after.