You are on page 1of 49

Prime

Factorization
Chapter 4 Lesson 1.4a
Prime Numbers

Chapter 4 Lesson 1.4a


Prime Numbers

2
have exactly _______ factors:

1 itself
__________ and ___________.
In a way, prime numbers are

just numbers that you cant

factor
___________________.
4
2 2
Whole numbers that are

not prime are called


composite
______________ numbers, because

they are composed of primes.


prime prime composite
________ x ________ = __________
2x1=2
Even though 2
is prime,
multiples of 2
are composite.
3x1=3
5x1=5
7x1=7
Why dont we
have to cross out
numbers
with 8 or 9
as a factor?
Look at
textbook
page 19.

Chapter 3 Lesson 1.3


Twin Primes

Prime numbers whose

difference is two!
3 5
Twin Primes

3,5 5,7 11 , 13

17 , 19 29 , 31 41 , 43
Factoring
composites
into primes.
Chapter 4 Lesson 1.4a
4
2 2
Look at
task 1,
textbook
page 20.
Chapter 3 Lesson 1.3
Prime Factors 1

Factors of 12 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12
Look at
task 2,
textbook
page 20.
Chapter 3 Lesson 1.3
Prime Factorization

12 = 2 x 3 x 2
?
Factor Trees

Chapter 4 Lesson 1.4a


20
10 x 2

5 x 2
20
10 x 2 20
5 x 2 4 x 5

2 x 2
Look at
task 3,
textbook
page 20.
Chapter 3 Lesson 1.3
72
18 x 4

9 x 2 2 x 2
3 x 3
Prime Factorization of 72

2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3
Continuous
DIVISION
Chapter 4 Lesson 1.4a
Continuous Division
2 72
2 36 72 2 = 36
2 18
3 9
3 3
1
Continuous Division
2 72
2 36
2 18
2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3
3 9
3 3
1
Prime Factorization
with Exponents

Chapter 4 Lesson 1.4a


Exponents
3 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3

3
Exponents

5 exponent

3 base
Exponents

3
three to the fifth power
Exponents

3
3 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3
Prime Factorization of 72

2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3

2 3
x 3 2
Look at
task 6,
textbook
page 21.
Chapter 3 Lesson 1.3
Exponents 6a

2 x 2 x 2 x 2
4

2 4 x 4

16
Exponents 6b

4
four to the third power
Exponents 6b

4 x 4 x 4
3

4 16 x 4

64
Do tasks:
4 and 7 - 9
Page 20 - 21

Chapter 4 Lesson 1.4a


1 2

Tasks: Workbook
4 and 7-9 Exercise 5
Page 20 - 21 Pages 14 - 15
4. 8. Page 20
A. 2 3 x 5 3
A. 3 x 5
B. 2 x 5 x 5 B. 3 2 x 5 2 x7
C. 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 C. 7 2 x 11 2

7.
A. 27 9.
A. 2 2 x3x5
B. 49
C. 1,323 B. 2 3 x3

D. 1 C. 2 2 x 5 2
Workbook
Exercise 5
Pages 14 - 15

Chapter 4 Lesson 1.4a