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## MATHEMATICS FOR BUSINESS I. 1st YEAR. 1st TERM. 2017/18

2016/2017

UNIT 1 EXERCISES

2 1 3 5 0 0 0 3 1 2 1
1. Consider the matrices A = 0 1 2 1 , B = 2 2 5 1 , C = 0 1 1 ,

3 0 2 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 1

2 3
1 0 1 1
  0 1
D = 1 , E = 1 2 3 , F = 2 1 0 , and G = .

1 2
2 1 0 2

3 1
1
(a) Compute: 3A 2B, 2 F 2C, B G, C A, and B t A.
(b) Find the determinant of the following matrices: C, F , A B t , C F , and D E.
(c) Determine the rank of the matrices given above.
(d) Find the inverse matrix of each matrix, if it is possible.

## 2. Compute the determinant of the following matrices:

! ! 1 0 1 1 0 1 2 1 1
1 3 6 4
; ; 1 1 0 ; 1 1 5 ; 1 1 1 .

1 2 3 1
0 0 2 3 4 1 7 1 1

## 3. Determine the rank of each matrix:

! 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 0 1 1 2 3 1 1
2 1
; 2 0 ; 1 1 0 ; 1 0 2 0 ; 4 5 6 2 1 ;

1 1
3 1 0 0 2 1 4 2 1 2 1 0 0 3

1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 3
2 4 0
4 1 1 1 8 9
; .

1 2 6 0 0 1 1 4 6

7 2 2 0 0 0 1 8 9
4. If there exist, find the inverse matrices of the following ones:

! 1 4 1 0 2 1 3 5 6
3 2
; 1 3 2 ; 1 1 1 ; 1 2 2 .

5 1
2 2 0 1 3 0 1 1 1
!
1 a3
5. Prove that there exists the inverse matrix of for all the possible values of a IR.
1 2 a
Determine such a general inverse.
6. Solve the following matrix equations:

! ! 1 0
0 1 1 2 1
(a) A X + C t = D B, where: A = ;B= ;C= 3 2 and

1 3 4 3 0
1 1
!
3 0 2
D= .
1 5 4

1
! !
1 2 1 3
(b) AX A2 = BX 5I, where: A = ,B= , and I is the identity matrix
1 1 2 1
of size 2. ! !
1 2 1 3
(c) AX B2 = 3B 2I, where: A = ,B= , and I is the identity matrix of
1 1 2 1
size 2.

7. Given the vectors u = (1, 2), v = (3, 1), w = (2, 5), x = (1, 0, 1), y = (2, 1, 4) and z = (0, 3, 6),
if it is possible, determine the linear combinations indicated bellow:
(a) 3u 31 v;
(b) 13u + 9v 7w;
(c) (u v) + 3(u + w);
(d) u v + 2y;
(e) x 2y + 3z;
(f) 2x + y.

## 8. Determine the linear dependence or independence of the following vector sets:

(a) {(1, 1), (2, 3)};
(b) {(3, 5), (1, 2), (3, 1)};
(c) {(1, 2, 3), (2, 0, 1)};
(d) {(1, 1, 3), (0, 2, 0), (3, 0, 7)};
(e) {(1, 0, 1), (1, 3, 1), (2, 1, 3), (1, 1, 2)};
(f) {(1, 0, 5), (1, 2, 3), (1, 1, 4)}.

9. For each item, if it is possible, write the vector v as a linear combination of the other vectors.
(a) v = (3, 2), a = (1, 0), b = (1, 2);
(b) v = (2, 1), a = (1, 0), b = (4, 0);
(c) v = (1, 4), a = (2, 1), b = (5, 2);
(d) v = (1, 0, 0), a = (1, 1, 1), b = (1, 1, 0), c = (1, 0, 1);
(e) v = (3, 3, 0), a = (0, 1, 1), b = (1, 1, 0), c = (1, 2, 1);
(f) v = (0, 0, 1), a = (1, 1, 1), b = (1, 1, 0).

10. Discuss and solve, when it is possible, the following systems of linear equations:

x y = 2
3x +2y =0 x y = 2
( (

x y = 3 x 2y = 0 2x +y = 1
x y = 1 3x +2y = 4
2x +y = 5
2x +3y = 2 2x +4y = 0
4x x 2y = 3
+y = 6

x +2y = 1
11. Discuss and solve, when it is possible, the following systems of linear equations:

x +y +z = 0
x +2y +z = 4 3x
+y z = 0
x +y +z = 0 2x y 3z = 2 x +y +z = 0
+y 2z = 7

x +3y +z = 0
3x
3x +5y +7z = 0

5x
11y +9z = 4 2x +4y
=2 3x
+y z = 0
x 3y +5z = 2 x +2y =1 x +y +z = 0
4y +2z = 1 x 3x +2y 2z = 3

2x
+z = 1

2

2x +3y
z = 0 (
5x
y +3z 14t = 0
3x +y +z = 0
3x z = 0 x 2y z +t = 1
x 6y +z = 0
2x y +z = 0 3x +3y +5z 16t = 2

## 12. Consider the following matrices:

1 2 5 2 1 2 1 4 2 0
1 2 !
5 4 2 5 2 1 4 2 1 3 3 1 1
A= , B = , C = 1 1 , and D = .

3 1 0 0 4 3 2 6 3 3 0 3 2
1 2

0 6 4 3 2 1 0 3 0 2

## (a) Compute A2 3A, B t A, 2C + 3Dt , and (C D)3 .

(b) Find the determinant, rank, and inverse matrix of all the matrices in this exercise (the ones given
above and the ones obtained in the previous item), if these computations have any sense.

1 1 1 1 3x x 2

13. Solve the following two equations: 1 x 1 = 0 and 1 x 2x + 1 = 0.

1 x2 1

4x 1 3x 3x 2

0 7 5
14. Find the inverse matrix of 3 4 a , given explicitly the values of a IR which make possible this

7 0 5
computation.

2 0 1
15. Solve the matrix equation XB(A + A2 ) (XB B 2 )A B 2 A = A, with A = 1 2 3 and

1 1 3

3 5 6
B = 1 2 2 .

1 1 1

16. Given the vectors u = (1, 2, 1, 1), v = (0, 2, 3, 0) and w = (3, 2, 9, 3):

(a) Compute: u 3v + 2w, 2u + v 4w, and 2u + 5v + w.
(b) Deduce if the vector set {u, v, w} is linearly dependent or linearly independent.
(c) If it is possible, write u as a linear combination of v and w.

17. Discuss and solve, if it is possible, the following systems of linear equations:

2x 3y +4z t = 4
x 2y +3z 4t +w = 0

x +3y
+2z = 2 5x +3y z +2t =9

3x +2y 3z +5t = 4
2x y +2z 4t =2

4x +2y +3z +4t = 1
z +3t w = 0

2x + y +z =3
x +y 3z +5t =0

x +2y
z =1 y 3z +5t =0

3x y +2z =2
3z +5t =0

x +3y + z =2
x +3z 5t =0