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INTEGRITY-L14B Transmission Mode

transmission Mode , pdcchCfiMode , dlChannelBandwidth


ulChannelBandwidth , noOfTxAntennas , noOfRxAntenna
Check noOfUsedTxAntennas , transmissionMode (TM2/TM3/TM7 selection) & SC125 to confirm the Transmission Mode
Check featurestateDualAntDlPerfPkg
pmBadCovEvalReport , pmRadioTbsPwrRestricted maximumTransmissionPower , partOfSectorPowe Indoor coverage issue (Small cell , PICO , DOT , Hetnet) ; Physical changes (Tilt , Azimuth , height of antenna)
Poor Coverage
pmBadCovSearchEvalReport confOutputPower , crsGain , pdschTypeBGain Audit cell reselection parameters , Tune DL power related parameters ; Check if there is scope of new site
maximumTransmissionPower , partOfSectorPowe Tune related parameters (as mentioned beside) , Audit cell reselection parameters
Poor DL SINR (CQI pmRadioUeRepCqiDistr , pmRadioUeRepCqiDistr
confOutputPower , crsGain , pdschTypeBGain Physical optimization (Tilt , Azimuth , height of antenna) also Identify overshooting cells causing interference
pmRadioRecInterferencePwr
Check Power control parameters , Features like IRC & UL FSS can help to reduce UL interference.
pmRadioRecInterferencePwrPucch pZeroNominalPucch
UL RSSI Check for Loose Connectors,Faulty Antenna(Tx & Rx antenna ports),VSWR alarms,Faulty TMA Connections/settings.
pmRadioRecInterferencePwrPrb1~10 pZeroNominalPusch
External interference (cable tv , repeaters (due to power leak issues) , airport , police communication system etc)
pmSinrPucchDistr , pmSinrPuschDistr
If UE is sending with high CQI(in the range 10-15) and RI=2 but Throughput is still very low, then check assignable bits
pmPrbUtilDl
Low assignable bits High MCS but low number of PRBs (under many users cases , so that more users can be scheduled)
(data in DL buffer to schedule UE) pmRlcArqDlAck , pmRlcArqDlNac ACK_SN should be increasing, otherwise RLC buffers are not released
Radio Cause dlMaxRetxThreshold
pmRlcArqUlAck , pmRlcArqUlNac NACK_SN indicates RLC retransmissions (occasionally is OK)
CCE Allocation/CFI mode pmPdcchCceUtil , pmPdcchCfiUtil , pdcchcfimode check if there is lack CCE for DL assignment
pmMacHarqDlAckQpsk , pmMacHarqDlAck16qam , pmMacHarqDlAck64qam
HARQ retransmission NACK ratio should be low
Retransmission pmMacHarqDlNackQpsk , pmMacHarqDlNack16qam , pmMacHarqDlNack64qa
RLC retransmission pmRlcArqDlNack , pmRlcArqDlAc dlMaxRetxThreshold NACK ratio should be low
Rank Indicator (RI) pmRadioTxRankDistr noOfUsedTxAntenna , noOfRxAntennas , TM confi 1 - SIMO ; 2 - MIMO ; high samples should be of rank 2
DL modulation ratio pmMacHarqDlAckQpsk , pmMacHarqDlAck16qam , pmMacHarqDlAck64qa
Scheduling algorithm pmSchedActivityCellDl , pmSchedActivityUeDl , pmActiveDrbDlSum SchedulingAlgorithm Proportional Fair High/ Medium/ Low and Resource Fai
tInactivityTimer , dlChannelBandwidth , pdcchCfiMode Dl Throughput would reduce with increase in number of connected users , High PRB and PDCCH utilization would impact the DL Throughpu
pmPrbUtilDl
Other imp counters qOffsetcellEUtran , qRxLevMin , noOfPucchCqiUsers Traffic offload to less utilized neighboring cells , Reduce control channel resources(Before that check PDCCH utilization)
pmRrcConnMax
noOfPucchSrUsers , pdcchCfiMode , SchedulingAlgorithm Add BW (if system is operating < 20Mhz) as BW increase would increase number of PRB , Reduce inactivity timer (tInactivityTimer)
Important features Channel Bandwidth , 64-QAM DL , MIMO ; for UL - interference rejection combining , Ul frequency selective scheduling
RF BW dlchannelBW Verify parameter settings are correct
Frame Config subframeAssignment , frameStartOffset , specialSubframePattern
No. of Tx antenna noOfUsedTxAntenna , noOfRxAntennas Verify parameter settings are correct
TM config TM2/TM3/TM7/TM8 Verify parameter settings are correct
pmPdcpVolDlDrb , pmUeThpTimeDl eNB configurations
DL Throughput pmPdcpVolDlDrbLastTti , pmSchedActivityCellD CFI config pdcchcfimode Verify parameter settings are correct
pmPdcpVolDlDrbQci , pmPdcpVolDlSrb RF power onfigoutputpower , maxtransmissionpower , partofradiopower , Pa Pb settin Verify parameter settings are correct
MAC config d&ulMaxHARQTx , tPeriodicBSR&PHRTimer , tTimeAlignmentTim Verify parameter settings are correct
RLC config retrans and poll timer Verify parameter settings are correct
Server settings FTP/UDP server configuration ; Iperf (UDP&TCP) (employ 1360 not 1470 to prevent fregmentation
Drive test setup/settings
end user PC setting Laptop processor , memory etc. can impact THP ; MTU setting in PC (bigger to prevent fregmentation) ; TCP setting (TCP windows size, etc)
UE CATEGORY/SUBSCRIPTION UE subscription defined in EPC and USIM
Alarms Alarm need to monitor , some alarms need to monitor are VswrOverThreshold , Serviceunavailable (S1 connection failure) , Gigabit Ethernet Link Fau
Configuration issues ensure proper configuration , especially for all new site which are integrated recently
Ensure the eNodeB structure of the restart, MPBaseband or RRU
eNodeB Cause Auto Restart
lh all llog -l (do complete eNB health checkup)
pmCellDowntimeAuto
Cell Down Auto
pmCellDownLockAuto Baseband Startup issue Baseband Trace can be used , te enable all bbmcBbOmMeSwU
Cell down
Transport Cause S1 issues pmErabRelAbnormalEnbActTnFai check for alarms like Service Unavailable(S1 connection failure)
EPC Cause check for alarms like Service Unavailable(S1 connection failure) , Ip packet loss "above" SGW
pmCellDowntimeMan manually locked during network configuration issues ((eg. adding/changing/removing hardware
Cell Down Manually Operation Cause
HW issues & Alarms Availability pmCellDownLockMan manually locked during parameter change (eg. activate feature)
pmRaAttCbra , pmRaSuccCbra , pmRaFailCbraMsg2Disc
pmRaAttCfra , pmRaSuccCfra , pmRaFailCfraMsg2Disc Verify symtoms for sleeping cell
Sleeping Cell pmRaAllocCfra , pmRrcConnEstabAtt , pmRrcConnSucc
Catch Trace(Baseband) trace from MSG1 to MSG5 , verify symtoms for sleeping cells
Power setting issue Check SectorEquipmentFunction:ConfiguredOutputPower & Eutrancelltdd:partOfSectorPower
Configuration issue
Non-access issue Idle mode parameter issue Check Eutrancelltdd MO cell selection and reselection parameters & 3G&2G cell reselection parameter/feature
Operation issues Cell Barred Check Cell Barred , acBarring for different scenarios

Throughput HW issues Check HW issues , alarms , improper cabling , connector issues , DUS Board erro
check HSS user subscription and default QoS profile ; PCRF Dynamic QoS profile
EPC Setting
PGW enforce APN-AMBR , UE-AMBR and bearer-AMBR ; SGW handle DL data buffer and forwarding
Check TN BW capacity ,check IUB CAPACITY ALLOCATION trend also on 3G colocate ; Check MTU size setting (bigger size to prevent fregmentation)
Transport Network setting DU GE port setting - actualspeedduplex (if half- duplex, it could be problem of auto-negotiation) ; dscpPbitMap (Qos mapping from L3 to L2)
TN packet discard/loss - Check MO ipaccesshostet, ipinterface, gigabitethernet etc. counter ; Can use Iperf to check the transport BW
Power Headroom values less than 0 can be considered the UE is power limited , When a UE is power limited, the eNB may schedule fewer PRBs to reduce the required output power of the UE, which reduce throughpu
Power Headroom pZeroNominalPusch
pZeroNominalPusch too high causing UE to exceed maximum transmit power (tune parameter)

Integrity Buffer Status


Buffer Status Report (BSR) is used to inform eNB of data waiting for transmission in the UE
If low/No data is waiting for transmission UL throughput will be low ; also Low values indicate UE/laptop problem
rxPower too low pZeroNominalPusch pZeroNominalPusch too low , can cause to transmitt low power

LTE KPI PDCCH SIB scheduling colliding with UL gran


PDCCH carries both the UL (PUSCH) assignment and DL (PDSCH) assignment.
If many PDCCH CCEs are used for DL transmission (e.g. SIB with 8 CCEs) it may be that UL grant is not possible to be scheduled in this TTI for a single UE
pmBadCovEvalReport , pmRadioTbsPwrRestricted maximumTransmissionPower , partOfSectorPowe Indoor coverage issue (Small cell , PICO , DOT , Hetnet) ; Physical changes (Tilt , Azimuth , height of antenna)
Poor Coverage
pmBadCovSearchEvalReport confOutputPower , crsGain , pdschTypeBGain Audit cell reselection parameters , Tune DL power related parameters (as mentioned beside) ; at last Check if there is scope of new site
Radio Cause

Legend:
pmRadioRecInterferencePwr
Check Power control parameters , Features like IRC & UL FSS can help to reduce UL interference.
pmRadioRecInterferencePwrPucch pZeroNominalPucch
UL RSSI Check for Loose Connectors,Faulty Antenna(Tx & Rx antenna ports),VSWR alarms,Faulty TMA Connections/settings.
pmRadioRecInterferencePwrPrb1~10 pZeroNominalPusch
External interference (cable tv , repeaters (due to power leak issues) , airport , police communication system etc..)
pmSinrPucchDistr , pmSinrPuschDistr
UL modulation ratio pmMacHarqUlSuccQpsk/PmMacHarqUlSucc16qam

Counters Scheduling algorithm pmSchedActivityCellUl , pmSchedActivityUeUl , pmActiveDrbUlSum


ulChannelBandwidth , noOfPucchCqiUsers , noOfPucchSrUsers
SchedulingAlgorithm Proportional Fair High/ Medium/ Low and Resource Fai
High PRB utilization would impact the UL Throughput , Traffic offload to less utilized neighboring cells
Other imp counters pmPrbUtilUl
SchedulingAlgorithm , tInactivityTimer , qOffsetcellEUtran , qRxLevM Add Bandwidth (if system is operating < 20Mhz) as Bandwidth increase would increase number of PRB , Reduce inactivity timer (tInactivityTime

Parameter
Important features Channel Bandwidth , 16-QAM UL , interference rejection combining , Ul frequency selective scheduling
RF BW ulchannelBW Verify parameter settings are correct
Frame Config subframeAssignment , frameStartOffset , specialSubframePattern
eNB configurations Power control p0norminalPUSCH , p0norminalPUCCH Verify parameter settings are correct

Action plan MAC config


RLC config
d&ulMaxHARQTx , tPeriodicBSR&PHRTimer , tTimeAlignmentTim
retrans and poll timer Verify parameter settings are correct
Verify parameter settings are correct

Server settings FTP/UDP server configuration ; Iperf (UDP&TCP) (employ 1360 not 1470 to prevent fregmentation
pmUeThpVolUl , pmUeThpTimeU
UL Throughput pmSchedActivityCellUl
Drive test setup/settings
end user PC setting Laptop processor , memory etc. can impact THP ; MTU setting in PC (bigger to prevent fregmentation) ; TCP setting (TCP windows size, etc)
UE CATEGORY/SUBSCRIPTION UE subscription defined in EPC and USIM
Alarms Alarm need to monitor , some alarms need to monitor are VswrOverThreshold , Serviceunavailable (S1 connection failure) , Gigabit Ethernet Link Fau
Configuration issues ensure proper configuration , especially for all new site which are integrated recently
Ensure the eNodeB structure of the restart, MPBaseband or RRU
eNodeB Cause Auto Restart
lh all llog -l (do complete eNB health checkup)
pmCellDowntimeAuto
Cell Down Auto
pmCellDownLockAuto Baseband Startup issue Baseband Trace can be used , te enable all bbmcBbOmMeSwU
Cell down
Transport Cause S1 issues pmErabRelAbnormalEnbActTnFai check for alarms like Service Unavailable(S1 connection failure)
EPC Cause check for alarms like Service Unavailable(S1 connection failure) , Ip packet loss "above" SGW
pmCellDowntimeMan manually locked during network configuration issues ((eg. adding/changing/removing hardware
Cell Down Manually Operation Cause
HW issues & Alarms Availability pmCellDownLockMan manually locked during parameter change (eg. activate feature)
pmRaAttCbra , pmRaSuccCbra , pmRaFailCbraMsg2Disc
pmRaAttCfra , pmRaSuccCfra , pmRaFailCfraMsg2Disc Verify symtoms for sleeping cell
Sleeping Cell pmRaAllocCfra , pmRrcConnEstabAtt , pmRrcConnSucc
Catch Trace(Baseband) trace from MSG1 to MSG5 , verify symtoms for sleeping cells
Power setting issue Check SectorEquipmentFunction:ConfiguredOutputPower & Eutrancelltdd:partOfSectorPower
Configuration issue
Non-access issue Idle mode parameter issue Check Eutrancelltdd MO cell selection and reselection parameters & 3G&2G cell reselection parameter/feature
Operation issues Cell Barred Check Cell Barred , acBarring for different scenarios
HW issues Check HW issues , alarms , improper cabling , connector issues , DUS Board erro
check HSS user subscription and default QoS profile ; PCRF Dynamic QoS profile
EPC Setting
PGW enforce APN-AMBR , UE-AMBR and bearer-AMBR ; SGW handle DL data buffer and forwarding
Check TN BW capacity ,check IUB CAPACITY ALLOCATION trend also on 3G colocate ; Check MTU size setting (bigger size to prevent fregmentation)
Transport Network setting DU GE port setting - actualspeedduplex (if half- duplex, it could be problem of auto-negotiation) ; dscpPbitMap (Qos mapping from L3 to L2)
TN packet discard/loss - Check MO ipaccesshostet, ipinterface, gigabitethernet etc. counter ; Can use Iperf to check the transport BW
pmPdcpLatTimeDl UE processing time(1.5ms) ; TTI duration(1ms)
U-Plane Latency pmPdcpLatPktTransDl HARQ retransmission(0~0.8ms) ; eNodeB processing(1.5ms
Wait for RACH scheduling(0.5ms) ; Preamble(1ms)
UE Trace Random Access delay
eNodeB processing and grand(3ms) ; UE processing(5ms
RRC Connection Setup delay
Latency RRC Signalling "RRC Connection Request" to "RRC Connection Setup Complete RRC request(1ms) ; eNodeB processing(4ms)
C-Plane Latency RRC setup(1ms) ; UE processing(12ms) ; RRC setup complete(1ms
Radio Cause UE processing(16ms) ; eNodeB processing(4ms
NAS Signalling "Attach Request" to "Attach Complete" NAS service and process delay
EPC Cause
Parallel processing of NAS request at eNodeB+MME(0ms) ; NAS setup(1.5ms
Packet Forwarding at S1 Handover feature can help to reduce DL packet loss
pmPdcpPktDiscDlPelr , pmPdcpPktDiscDlPelrUu
DL Packet Loss Rate pmPdcpPktDiscDlHo , pmPdcpPktReceivedDl , pmPdcpPktFwd
eNodeB trace need to be analysed for detailed analysis

Packet loss Wireshark analysis need to be done for detailed analysis

pmPdcpPktLostUl Wireshark analysis need to be done for detailed analysis


UL Packet Loss Rate
EGI-Network Engineering- LRAN
pmPdcpPktReceivedUl eNodeB trace need to be analysed for detailed analysis