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The Voice Evolution

VoLTE, VoHSPA+, WCDMA+ and Quality Evolution

April 2012
Qualcomm is a Leader in Wireless
2012 2013 2014 2015+

Rel-8 Rel-9 Rel-10 Rel-11 & Beyond


LTE LTE Advanced
(FDD&TDD Commercial)

Rel-7 Rel-8 Rel-9 Rel-10 Rel-11 & Beyond


HSPA HSPA+ HSPA+ HSPA+
(Commercial) (Future) Advanced
WCDMA WCDMA+
Voice Efficiency M2M Efficiency
CDMA2000
1X 1X Advanced
(Commercial) (Future)

Rev A Multicarrier H/W Upgrade Phase I Phase II

EV-DO EV-DO Rev. B DO Advanced


(Commercial) (Commercial) (Future)

802.11 g 802.11 n 802.11 ac/ad

Wi-Fi Wi-Fi
(Commercial) (Future)

Commercial
2 Note: Estimated commercial dates. Created 04/18/2012
Evolving Voice for More Data, Better
Quality, Richer Experience

Qualcomm: Comprehensive Voice Evolution Leadership


1X Advanced, WCDMA+, IMS VoIP over LTE, HSPA+, EV-DO, and seamless transitions

2G/3G Provides LTE Voice Today & Future VoLTE Fallback


CSFB widely deployed, future VoLTE needs SRVCC to ensure seamless voice

VoLTE with VoHSPA+ Ensure Rich Voice Everywhere


Ensures a seamless and consistent rich voice user experience

WCDMA+: More Efficient Voice to Support More Data


Triples WCDMA circuit switched voice spectral efficiency

Qualcomm Enables The Best Voice Experience


Leading Voice Quality Technologies for 3G circuit switched voice,
IMS VoIP and OTT VoIP (HDOn, Calliope Fluence..)

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Circuit Voice Has A Long Life During The
Transition to Richer, Carrier Grade VoIP

IMS VoIP: Rich Voice Ubiquity vs. OTT VoIP


VoLTE Timing is Operator Specific
VoIP over HSPA+ Driven by VoLTE

Fallback to 2G/3G voice (CSFB) used by most LTE operators


while the VoLTE ecosystem is being developed and expanded

Proven Circuit Voice: High Quality, Reliable, Ubiquitous1


WCDMA+: Long life of HSPA+ means long life of WCDMA
1X Advanced Commercial (1H 2012)

4 1Thanks to soft handover, proven interoperability and 10+ years of 1X/WCDMA optimizations. OTT=Over-The-Top, voice just like any data service without Quality of Service
Qualcomm: Comprehensive Voice Evolution
Leadership
2012 2013 2014 2015+ 2020+

IMS VoIP: Evolving to a Richer Carrier Grade Voice Service

2G/3G
Provides Voice
VoLTE
Packet
Handover

VoIP over HSPA+ (EV-DO)


Seamless
Transitions CSFB1 SRVCC2

WCDMA WCDMA+
1X 1X Advanced

Circuit Switched Voice: Evolving To Support More Data


Blue: Qualcomm Technology Leadership
5 1CSFB: Circuit Switched Fallback. 2SRVCC: Single Radio Voice Call Continuity to enable handover to WCDMA/1X/GSM CS voice outside VoLTE coverage.
2G/3G Provides LTE Voice Today
And Future VoLTE Fallback

2G/3G Provides Voice VoLTEIMS VoIP over LTE


CSFB1 to WCDMA, 1X or GSM Ccommercialization with SRVCC1
voice is commercial since 2011. starting in 2013, maturing in 2015

Today: Fallback to VoLTE: Fallback1 to 2G/3G,


2G/3G for all or handover to VoHSPA+,
voice calls outside LTE coverage

LTE (FDD or TDD)

2G/3G Voice & EV-DO/HSPA+ Data


Voice Continuity and Global Roaming

6 1SRVCC: Single Radio Voice Call Continuity. CSFB: Circuit Switched Fallback.
2G/3G Voice Fallback (CSFB)
Commercial Since 2011 and Widely Deployed

SIMILAR CALL
~1s SET-UP TIME AS TODAY
~ 0.5 s (MOBILE ORIGINATED
OR TERMINATED CALL)
Baseline
WCDMA (R99)
Set-up time
Enhanced CSFB1 R9 CSFB2
(R8) (R9)

RELIABILITY ON PAR
LTE
(DATA ONLY)
WITH TODAYS
LTE NETWORKS
Multimode
Single Radio
Device
WCDMA,
GSM,1X
1Redirection without reading the non-mandatory system information blocks SIBs, 1xCSFB for 1X is also redirection based in R8.
7 2System information provided directly in a LTE redirection message to speed up the transition, aka SIB tunneling. Enhanced R9 1xCSFB is Handover based
SRVCC Ensures Seamless Voice Continuity
2012 2013 2014 2015+

VoLTE on Mature
VoLTE w/
par with CS Interoperable
SRVCC
Voice Quality VoLTE

LTE
VoLTE Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC) enables
handover to 2G/3G Voice Outside VoLTE coverage
2G/3G
VOICE
CIRCUIT
SWITCHED
LTE
Multimode Multimode devices ensure
Single Radio
Device
global roaming from day one

IMS VoLTE IMS can expand to support other


With VCC VoIP accesses (HSPA+, EV-DO etc.)

8 1SRVCC for VoLTE to 2G/3G circuit switched voice is defined in 3GPP Rel-9, with enhancements in Rel-10
Worlds First SRVCC Handover by
Qualcomm and Ericsson (Feb 2012)

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Different VoIP Models Will Co-Exist
OVER-THE-TOP VOIP
OPERATOR 3RD PARTY
PROVIDED (BEST EFFORT)
PROVIDED
SERVICE SERVICE Opportunity To Offer
Quality Of Service
IMS/RCS Operator to OTT VoIP Provider
3rd party
VoIP Client Client

Interoperable, ubiquitous May not interoperate with


rich voice solution1 other VoIP solutions

Variable Quality, Dependent


Carrier Grade Voice on Network Load
10 1IMS/RCS based VoIP is the industry solution for carrier grade voice, to enable a ubiquitous VoIP solutions .
VoLTE with VoHSPA+ Ensures Rich Voice
Everywhere

Integrated Presence
Enhanced contacts with presence
Integrated messaging, chat, synch. etc

Enriched Voice/Push to Share


Share multimedia content during call,
such as video, pictures, files etc.

Video Telephony
With full interoperability

Rich Services Initially VoLTE with VoHSPA+ Ensures


Limited to VoLTE Coverage Consistent and Seamless
Handover to WCDMA/GSM circuit switched
voice Through Single Radio-VCC Rich Voice Experience

11 Based on Rich Communication Suite (RCS), an industry effort leveraging IMS to providing mobile phone services.
VoLTE and HSPA+ VoIP Profiles Defined
TO ENABLE INTEROPERABILITY, SCALE AND ROAMING

Common User to Common Network Common User to


Network Interface to Network Interface Network Interface

User to IMS User to


Network IMS Network
(Operator A) (Operator B) Interfaces
Interfaces

GSMA VoLTE and VoIP over HSPA+:


Defines common voice, sms service profiles, bearers etc.
Defines minimum support level (IMS, LTE/HSPA+, EPC)

VoLTE ROAMING AND INTERCONNECT EXPECTED 2014 AND BEYOND

12 VoLTE: GSMA PRD IR.92 IMS Profile for Voice and SMS completed in 2011, HSPA+ profile defined in IR.58 completed early 2012. Additional PRD on IMS roaming defined.
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2 Billion HSPA/HSPA+ Subscribers in 2015
Will Be Using WCDMA voice
HSPA/HSPA+ relies on WCDMA for voice

Connections (Millions)
2,500 HSPA/HSPA+ MBB*
connections in 2015

2,000
HSPA Family

1,500
HSPA/HSPA+ MBB* EV-DO Family
connections in 2012
1,000 TD-SCDMA

LTE
500

WiMax
0
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

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Source: HSPA, EV-DO ,TD-SCDMA and LTE subs Wireless Intelligence (Oct 11) and WiMax - ABI (Aug 11)
WCDMA+: More Efficient Voice to Support
More Data
Triples Voice Spectral Efficiency to Free Up ~2/3 of a Carrier for Data

HSPA/ FREED-UP FOR


HSPA+
DOWNLINK DATA
Data (UP TO ~2/3 OF A 5 MHZ
WCDMA (DL) CARRIER FREED-UP)

Voice SAME VOICE


CAPACITY USING
A THIRD OF
RESOURCES
WCDMA+
Voice

ENHANCED CIRCUIT SWITCHED VOICE1

15 1Improvements such as overhead optimizations, early termination and new codec (EVS) 5.9kbps. Single receive antenna assumed. WCDMA+ enhancements targeted for 3GPP R12.
More Data Capacity at All Voice Loads

100% AVAILABLE DATA VS. VOICE


Data IN A 5MHz CARRIER

Downlink Data WCDMA+


(or VoIP over HSPA+1)
Capacity
(HSPA/HSPA+)

Support
more data
WCDMA
Voice

100% Voice
Voice Load
16 1For optimized VoIP over HSPA+ with features such as ROHC header compression, DTX, DRX and advanced receivers, overthe-top (OTT) VoIP less efficient than WCDMA voice
1X Advanced Frees Up Spectrum for Data
1X Advanced
Up to

3x 4x
Voice users
CDMA2000 1X Voice users

1.5x
x Voice users
Single Mobile
Voice users Antenna Rx Diversity

EVRC EVRC-B BTS IC + Adv. QLIC


Single RX QLIC (device IC) Radio Link Enhancements

New device New device


Network upgrades New channel card

Same Voice Capacity in ~ of the Spectrum


Voice Voice Data

CDMA2000 1X 1X Adv EV-DO (or LTE)

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Qualcomm Enables The Best Voice
Experience
Voice/Audio Codecs
Standards Defined
Qualcomms Calliope

HDOnTM FluenceTM
Deliver HD-Voice quality over
legacy narrow band1
Noise suppression
Using multiple microphones

True
HD-Voice
Experience

VoIP Active Noise


Optimizations Cancelation
Such as time-warping
and de-jitter buffer

Tools and Optimization


Such as calibration and access to DSP.

HD-Voice Across 3G Voice, IMS VoIP or Over-The-Top VoIP


19 1Such as HDOn-eAMR which transmits true WB compressed voice quality over a NB channel. Qualcomms Widevoice can also artificially create WB voice quality at the handset
Continuously Enhanced Codecs to Improve
Voice and Audio
Higher Quality, Higher Capacity, Better Music
WCDMA/HSPA+ EVS
AMR AMR
LTE
(NB) (WB) (NB, WB, SWB)
3GPP

CDMA2000 EVRC-B EVRC-WB EVRC-NW


3GPP2 (NB) (WB) (NB, WB)

HD-Voice
Super Wideband
(Voice and Music)
Wideband
(Voice)
Narrowband
(Voice)

~7kHz 16kHz

Low frequencies increases High frequencies Reproduces better


naturalness, presence and improves voice clarity audio and music
comfort and intelligibility
20 Note: EVS has additional modes not shown that are optimized for music, stereo and even wider bandwidths.
Enhanced Voice Service (EVS) Codecs:
Better Quality, Capacity or Both

EVS SWB Expected to be Commercial


(13.3k) in 2014
Higher Quality at
Similar Capacity
Designed With VoIP in Mind and
targets VoLTE
Voice AMR WB EVS WB
(5.95k) Qualcomms Calliope SWB
Quality (12.65k)
Codec Excellent for VoHSPA+
and Early VoLTE launch

Opportunity to Support EVS


AMR Higher Capacity Across All Voice Networks for
(12.2k) at Similar Quality Seamless Quality(CS and VoIP)

Voice Capacity
21 Note: EVS has many additional modes not shown that are optimized for music, stereo and even wider bandwidths. Calliope: 12kbps SWB VoIP optimized codec
Summary: Evolving Voice for More Data,
Better Quality, Richer Experience

Qualcomm: Comprehensive Voice Evolution Leadership


1X Advanced, WCDMA+, IMS VoIP over LTE, HSPA+, EV-DO, and seamless transitions

2G/3G Provides LTE Voice Today & Future VoLTE Fallback


CSFB widely deployed, future VoLTE needs SRVCC to ensure seamless voice

VoLTE with VoHSPA+ Ensure Rich Voice Everywhere


Ensures a seamless and consistent rich voice user experience

WCDMA+: More Efficient Voice to Support More Data


Triples WCDMA circuit switched voice spectral efficiency

Qualcomm Enables The Best Voice Experience


Leading Voice Quality Technologies for 3G circuit switched voice,
IMS VoIP and OTT VoIP (HDOn, Calliope Fluence..)

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www.qualcomm.com/technology

@Qualcomm_Tech

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qualcommwirelessevolution

http://www.qualcomm.com/blog
/contributors/prakash-sangam
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