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For a three phase electrical system consists of 5 wires which are 3 Live wires, 1

Neutral wire and 1 Earthing/Grounding wire. Three phase supply with nominal
voltage of 400V, range +10%, -6%, with the permitted frequency is 50Hz + 1%.

In the picture below shows a three phase TNB meter, the Live wires are colour
coded as red, yellow, and blue. The black wire is neutral and green is the
earth/ground wire. Most new housing project that have super link terrace, semi
bungalow and bungalow already come with 3 phase systems.

Other then able to cope with the higher electricity demand, another advantage is that
with three live wires if one live source has a blown fuse or the line is faulty, you still
would have electricity in certain parts of your home.

How power comes in your home.

Whether its a single phase or there phase system, they will consist of these
elements: Incoming fuses, a TNB Meter, Consumer box and Wiring.

1) Incoming fuses.
The main cables that carries the electricity are terminated at the incoming service
fuses which prevent a major fault in your house from affecting the rest of the
neighbourhood. (In the picture on the right, the 3 black boxes with handles are the
service fuses for the live wires)

2) TNB Meter.
From the service fuses, the electricity is fed to the TNB meter to measure the usages
in terms of Kilowatt. The Incoming fuse and the meter are the property of TNB and
tampering with them is a criminal offence.

3) Consumer box
Next in the systems is the consumer box which houses:
1. A main isolating switch that switches off everything.
2. At least one Residual Current Device (RCD).
3. An earth connection block which connects earth to the earth wires of the
various circuits.
4. Single or double neutral connection blocks which supply the neutral
connection to the Neutral wires of the various circuits
5. A fuse or miniature circuit breaker (MCB) for each circuit. This cuts the
power to the individual circuit in the event of high fault current.
To protect the individual circuit, we use different rated MCB for different circuits.


Lights and ceiling fans C10 (10 amp)

Small appliances (power socket), Instant water heaters, etc. C20 (20
amp)or C32 (32 amp)
Air con and ranger cooker C32 (32 amp)
Main incoming MCB C63 (63 amp)
When there is a fault, the MCB will trip and cut the power to the circuit. All you do to
reset the systems is to flip the switch back to on position. If the fault persists, the
MCB will trip again and you will need to call an electrician.

It important that your electrical system have all the following element in this
sequence to protect your home wiring, appliances and you from dangers caused by
over current, earth leakage current, short circuit, and lightning.
4) Wiring.
Finally is the wiring that links your light and power sockets to the main consumer
box. It is important that the correct wire diameter/ rating is used based on the load
requirements. Your home will be wired with a combination of ring main and radial
wiring. (As shown below)
Residual Current Device (RCD).
RCDs can reduce the risks of injuries from electric shock but cannot eliminate it
completely. They, however, can introduce some reliability issues of their own if not
used correctly.

With a supplier provided earthing connection, the most common arrangement was a
split Consumer box with a RCD on one side, and no RCD on the other. Generally the
RCD side is used to supply power sockets and shower, with most other items on the
non-RCD side.

With a local earthing rod, the situation is different in that all circuits must be RCD
protected (local earth rod is not usually a sufficiently good earth on its own to clear
all earth faults).