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Mechanical Seal Products

and Services Catalog


A Global Leader, A Trusted Partner
Flowserve is the recognized world leader in supplying Oil and Gas
pumps, seals, valves and associated services to the
power, oil, gas, chemical and general industries.
Every day our solutions move even the most hazard-
ous fluids and gases safely and securely. Flowserve Chemical
represents not only a collection of trusted products,
but also a single global source that can reduce your
total cost of ownership.
Power
Instrumental in this process is the Flowserve line
of mechanical seals, support systems and services
for pumps and other rotating equipment. These
technologically advanced products assist our
Water Resources
customers in attaining their goals of increasing
reliability and improving process management.

Mineral and Ore


A Guide to Flowserve Seals Processing
This catalog will familiarize you with select mechanical
seal products, seal support systems and services
designed to improve rotating equipment operations. Pulp and Paper
Industry applications are provided as well as operating
parameters, features and equipment suitability for
individual products. The symbols shown here are
used as a quick reference to help identify the primary Pharmaceutical
industry application.

For more information about Flowserve and to


find a location near you, visit our website:
www.flowserve.com. General Industry

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Table of Contents

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Refining & Petroleum Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Chemical Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Power Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Pipeline Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Pulp & Paper Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Mineral and Ore Processing Industry . . . . . . . . 11
Water & Wastewater Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Pharmaceutical Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
ISC2 Standard Cartridge Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Pusher Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Metal Bellows Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Mixer Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Compressor Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Slurry Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Gas Barrier and Containment Seals . . . . . . . . . . 38
OEM and Special Duty Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Seal Support Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Seal Design and Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
3
Mechanical Seal Piping Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Global Presence, Local Support
Responsiveness Worldwide
Globally, Flowserve operates regional, state-of-the-art Quick Response Centers (QRCs)
manufacturing facilities to provide sealing solutions as
a single resource for the improvement of end user To meet the end user need for cost reduction,
customer rotating equipment operations. In cooperation increased seal life and minimal down time,
with our alliance customers, we have improved Flowserve has developed a network of Quick
operational efficiencies to world-class standards. Response Centers (QRCs). Strategically located
around the world, QRCs are staffed by highly
Alliances / LifeCycle Advantage skilled engineers and technicians who are
available around the clock, seven days a week,
Flowserve is the undisputed global leader in delivering to respond to customer inquiries, evaluate and
Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) programs to the fluid troubleshoot problems, and provide reliable
handling marketplace because we have the technologi- solutions with quantifiable business results.
cal leadership, product breadth, service and support,
financial stability, and experience with reliability Typical facilities are equipped with modern
focused programs. With hundreds of successful manufacturing capabilities including seal repair
alliances, Flowserve stands by its documented results and reconditioning as well as the ability to
and customer references. An alliance customer can design and produce complete seals. QRCs
select from a variety of programs or create a unique include complete CAD resources with the ability
arrangement that best suits their needs, including to quickly design detailed drawings for parts or
regional and global plans. seals. With this level of local customer focus, the
Quick Response Centers are ready to respond to
With assistance from the Flowserve Services and your needs quickly and completely.
Solutions team, all engagements are tailored to meet
customer priorities and business strategies. The result
is a formal program called LifeCycle Advantage,
a partnership that incorporates performance indicators
to measure success and a commercial structure
that aligns with customer goals. From traditional
arrangements to performance-based, risk-reward
contracts, Flowserve has experience designing and
administering agreements that help achieve customer
business goals.

4
Educational Resources
Asset Data Management and
Educational Resources Flowserve education and training provide
companies around the world with a wide range
Flowserve employs a comprehensive collection of tools of innovative programs focused on helping plant
and technologies to ensure all relevant equipment, unit operators, reliability specialists, engineers
and plant data becomes part of the decision-making and maintenance personnel deepen their
process. Whether employing a wireless monitoring understanding of flow management equipment
system, leveraging its Technology Advantage Platform and systems. Training programs from Flowserve
or making sense of disparate sets of historical data, are ideal for organizations seeking:
Flowserve can help customers get a more complete
Maximized plant asset availability and
view of all their data, including live operational
equipment reliability
parameters. Asset technologies include:
Increased mean time between repair (MTBR)
Intelligent Process Solutions Wireless
(IPS Wireless) Workforce development for increasing
proficiency in the installation, design,
Condition Data Point Monitoring (CDPM)
operation, maintenance and repair of flow
Advanced vibration measurements and diagnostics management equipment and systems

Special field performance test tools Customers can choose the location, course
content and program formats that optimize
Once data is collected, proprietary software in the use of human and financial resources and
Flowstar.net and IPS APEX from Flowserve allows deliver the most effective results. The learning
customers to view actionable information using easy- venues vary depending on the type of training
to-understand graphical interfaces. Flowserve and requested and can take place at the customer's
customer experts then collaborate to determine the site, a Flowserve regional Learning Resource
meaning of data and quickly deploy solutions prevent- Center or online.
ing equipment failures and system disruptions before
they occur. While customers may select from a menu of
standard course offerings, customer training
is frequently tailored to address specific require-
ments based on audience or flow management
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system issues. A Flowserve education and train-
ing expert can help develop a program
that addresses specific customer goals.
Refining & Petrochemical Industry
Safe and reliable handling of fluid is vital in todays
hydrocarbon processing plants. Complex refining tech-
niques generate a broad range of shaft sealing challeng-
es. A growing focus on environmental stewardship
demands continuous innovation in process containment.
Flowserves commitment to technology development has
produced sealing solutions for:

Zero emissions on services containing volatile


hazardous air pollutants

Specialized applications including viscous refinery


bottoms, polymerizing fluids, and flammable gases

Corrosive, caustic, acidic, sour and abrasive products

A wide range of temperatures from sub zero up to


427C (800F)

High speeds and high pressures

Tolerance to process upsets

API 682 / ISO 21049


Flowserve seals and support systems for the refinery
industry satisfy all requirements of the latest edition
of API 682.

application category model

general purpose, water standard cartridge ISC2-682 Series


amines, sour water pusher QB, QBQ
non-flashing hydrocarbons metal bellows BX, BXQ

caustic metal bellows BX, BXQ

flashing hydrocarbons pusher QBQ, QBQ LZ

high pressure, crude pusher UCQ, UOP

high temperature plan 23, boiler feed water pusher D

high temp non-flashing hydrocarbons metal bellows BXRH, BXHH

dry gas backup containment GSL, GSD

dual pressurized gas seal gas barrier GF-200

integrally geared equipment OEM GLS, GSS, GSG

turbomachinery compressor Gaspac, Circpac


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Chemical Industry
Modern chemical plants produce a tremendous variety
of products over a wide range of operating conditions.
Next to safe handling of toxic products, good corrosion
resistance, reliability and low cost are of great importance.

Critical needs are:


Resistance to highly corrosive liquids

A wide range of materials of construction

Resistance to abrasive substances

Ability to stand up under highly toxic, volatile


and flammable fluid service

Low leakage rates or zero product leakage

Low cost but durable designs for stuffing box retrofits

Maximum interchangeability of components


to reduce inventories

ASME / ISO / JIS


Flowserve has a wide range of products to cover
ASME (ANSI), ISO (DIN and EN) and JIS pump
standards, which are most commonly used in the
chemical industry. Engineered designs for pumps
and mixers are also part of the product range.

application category model

standard cartridge ISC2 Series


most low viscosity, mildly corrosive chemicals, pusher RO, Europac 600-610
water, process water, caustics, mild acids, metal bellows BX, BXLS
non-flashing low temperature hydrocarbons slurry Allpac
special duty Pac-Seal

high temperature/heat transfer metal bellows BXHH, BXRH

high viscosity, slurry slurry SLM, Allpac

most clean, low viscosity chemicals gas barrier GX-200, GF-200

acids, corrosive chemicals pusher RA, RA-C

integrally geared equipment OEM GLS/GSS/GSG

mixer M Series, Mixerpac


mixers mixer VRA, MSS 7
standard cartridge ISC2-MW
Power Industry
As generating stations continue to increase in size, out-
put and complexity, sealing devices with an ever-greater
range of speed, pressure and temperature capability are
required. In hot water applications, these factors create
difficult lubrication conditions between the seal faces
requiring specialized solutions in materials, cooling fea-
tures, and seal face features to achieve long mechanical
seal life.

In the critical sealing of boiler feed and boiler circulation


water, Flowserve continues to innovate new technology
to optimize and extend performance. Station operators
turn to Flowserve to provide a safer, lower maintenance
working environment.

Flowserve development has created solutions for:

High speeds on large shaft diameters

High pressures and high temperatures on water

Minimum reaction to temperature transients

Hot standby and slow roll capability

Electrocorrsion effects apparent in high purity


feed water

Abrasive slurries used in flue gas desulphurization

application temperature pressure cooling category model

water, condensate low low none standard cartridge ISC2 Series


low low none special duty PSS III

medium medium none pusher QBU


boiler feed water medium medium Plan 23 pusher Europac 615
high high Plan 23 pusher D, DP
high very high Plan 23 pusher DHTW

blowers high low none special duty Circpac MD

low low none slurry SLM


flue gas desulphurization low low none slurry SLC
low low none slurry RIS

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Pipeline Industry
Pipelines are an economical and reliable way to transport
large quantities of liquid when the unique characteristics
of the complete system are addressed. Pipelines move
fluids within the natural resource recovery region, trans-
port raw products to refineries, and transfer refined prod-
ucts to distribution points. Operators may use batch type
transport to send various refined products ranging from
fuel oils to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), often at varying
pressures through a single pipeline.

Supercritical fluids which normally exist as gases, such


as ethane, CO2, and natural gas are pumped in their
dense phase and pose unique sealing challenges.

Mechanical seals are relied on to seal critical pumps in


remote locations without access to clean flush fluids and
provide operators early leakage detection so they can
react in time to prevent spills.

Flowserve applies industry-leading technology in proven


products that meet these special pipeline industry needs: Supercritical, dense phase fluids

Dependable performance in unattended main and High resistance to dirt and abrasives
booster station service
Reliable sealing and low leakage despite
Operation under high pressures and very high speeds radical fluctuations in temperature

Ability to handle a wide array of fluids of varying Performance in intermittent service, with
specific gravities from light hydrocarbons to viscous many stops and high pressure start-ups
crude bitumen

application pressure category model

flashing light hydrocarbons medium pusher QBQ, QBQ LZ

low metal bellows BXQ


hydrocarbons, crude oil medium pusher QBQ
high pusher HSH, UOP
very high pusher UHTW

dry lift-off gas back-up medium containment GSL

low metal bellows BX


produced water medium slurry Allpac
medium pusher QB
very high pusher UHTW

dense phase fluids, CO2 very high pusher UHTW, Gaspac T


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Pulp & Paper Industry
Paper stock, black liquor, chlorine, coating mixes,
pumps, refiners, screens and agitators are common in
the pulp and paper industry. Processing wood or waste
paper and transforming it into paper or board requires
cutting, grinding, cleaning, bleaching and de-watering
operations. Reduction of energy and water usage is
important to reduce operating cost. Flowserve has
developed advanced seals and sealing systems that
can help you reduce your plant's water, energy and
maintenance costs:

Resistance to highly corrosive liquids

Resistance to abrasive substances

A wide range of materials of construction

Low leakage rates

Low cost but durable designs for stuffing box retrofits

Maximum interchangeability of components


to reduce inventories

application equipment category model

pumps standard cartridge ISC2 Series


paper stock pumps special duty PSS III
pumps slurry SLM, Allpac

refiners, conveyors bellows BX


specialty equipment axial flow circulators special duty PSS III
pulpers slurry SLM

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Mineral and Ore Processing Industry
Alumina, cement, clay, coal, copper, gold, gypsum,
mineral sands, nickel, phosphate, potash, silver, trona,
taconite, titanium, zinc; whatever the process, mineral
and ore can represent one of the toughest machinery
and sealing environments around. Taking raw material
from the earth and refining finished mineral products
requires rugged equipment capable of surviving abra-
sive and corrosive services, often at extreme pressures
and temperatures.

Flowserve delivers advanced sealing systems to


decrease maintenance expenditures, limit or eliminate
water usage, maintain safety and reliability, and help
reduce plant energy costs. Our products and services
are designed to accomplish all this while ensuring
equipment availability with increased meantime between
planned maintenance, ultimately allowing for higher
production by having:

Resistance to highly abrasive liquid slurries

Resistance to highly corrosive substances

A wide range of materials of construction for long


seal life
Recoverability from low or lost suction
Maximum interchangeability of components to upset conditions
reduce inventories
No product diluting flush requirements
Ability to isolate highly toxic and corrosive fluids
from the atmosphere

application slurry category model

heavy slurry SLC, SLM-6200


slurry pumps medium slurry SLM-6000, Allpac
light standard cartridge ISC2 Series

agitators / autoclave mixer seal M Series

accessories accessories SLD, QCD, EPD

axial flow circulators special duty PSS III

11
Water & Wastewater Industry
Water is the most common liquid on earth yet is a
precious commodity and deserving of sustainable
handling. It is used for many purposes, such as
drinking, cooling, heating, irrigation, processing
and sanitation.

Wastewater treatment plants have two basic purposes:


to speed up the purification process occurring naturally
in rivers, lakes and streams, and to reduce toxic con-
taminants that can that can interfere with natural pro-
cesses. Typical applications can involve chemicals, sol-
ids and slurries.

As government regulations on water quality increase,


the cost of water treatment and the value of clean water
increase. Flowserve seals and sealing systems can offer
a significant savings in operating costs:

Low leakage rates


Maximum interchangeability of components
Reliability to reduce inventories

Resistance to contamination and abrasives Reduce or eliminate environmental


contamination
Low cost but durable designs for stuffing box retrofits

application category model

standard cartridge ISC2 Series


pusher RO
water pusher Europac 600-610
special duty PSS III
special duty Pac-Seal

sludge slurry SLM


slurry Allpac

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Pharmaceutical Industry
Continuous development of new drugs and healthcare
products expand the capabilities and challenges of the
pharmaceutical industry. Manufacturers of pharmaceu-
tical products likewise refine their processes to improve
the performance of their rotating equipment and remain
compliant with regulations. Lower emissions and
improved purity of end products are the two main
focuses with sealing rotating equipment, along with
being a good community neighbor.

Flowserve has close relationships with many of the end


users and specialty equipment manufacturers and
knows the industry requirements:

No product contamination allowed

Low or no emissions to atmosphere


A long history of experience sealing top entry,
A wide range of materials of construction including side entry and bottom entry mixer and agitator
food grade compatible equipment with great success

Low leakage rates Very low speeds to very high speeds with gas
seal designs
Electropolish finishes available on critical metal
surfaces for ease of cleaning and increased sanitary Cryogenic vacuums to very high pressure and
protection high temperature autoclaves with dual seals

Sanitary glands and debris wells Seals are designed for clean-in-place (CIP)
and steam-in-place (SIP) applications as
Application experience sealing high-alloy and well as the ability to stand up to caustics and
glass-lined vessels acid flushes between batches

application category remark model

mixer wet or dry dual pressurized M Series


mixers, agitators, mixer CIP/SIP dry lift-off dual Mixerpac 2568 / 2570
blenders, dryers standard cartridge wet dual pressurized ISC2-MW
mixer dry contacting single VRA
mixer split seal MSS

mixer wet dual pressurized MW-200


autoclaves, centrifuges mixer dry contacting dual pressurized MD-200
mixer dry lift-off dual pressurized ML-200

bioreactors mixer bottom entry ST


mixer side entry Mixerpac 589

pumps standard cartridge single or dual ISC2 Series


special duty split seal PSS III 13
ISC2 standard
cartridge seals
ISC2 seals are the most capable and Facilities in chemical processing,
versatile general purpose family of petrochemical, pulp and paper, water
cartridge seals available, meeting all and wastewater, mining, power, tank
ISC2 Standard Cartridge Seals

international standards (ASME, DIN, farms and other industries that


ISO, JIS, and others) and designed standardize to ISC2 seals for general
to fit hundreds of pump models from purpose applications will immediately
global manufacturers. ISC2 seals are benefit from ease of installation, less
capable of providing uninterrupted, inventory, greater flexibility, rapid
long-term operation even with multiple availability, less downtime and longer
service conditions, off-design operation seal life.
and frequent stops and starts.
Cartridge seals are factory assembled,
pre-tested complete units. Each seal is
backed by 24-hour support, on-site
service, engineering analysis, seal
repair capabilities, customized stocking
programs and on-time delivery.
ISC2-PX . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
ISC2-PP . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
ISC2-BX . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
ISC2-BB . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
ISC2-682 . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
ISC2-MW . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

14
ISC2-PX ISC2-PP ISC2-BX
Single cartridge pusher seals Dual cartridge pusher seals Single metal bellows seals

ISC2 Standard Cartridge Seals


Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type
General purpose ASME, ISO, JIS General purpose ASME, ISO, JIS General purpose ASME, ISO, JIS
pumps pumps pumps

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 20.6 bar (300 psi) Pressure up to 20.6 bar (300 psi) Pressure up to 13.8 bar (200 psi)
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F) Temperature -40 to 204C (400F) Temperature -40 to 204C (400F)
Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps)
Shaft Sizes 25 to 200 mm Shaft Sizes 25 to 200 mm Shaft Sizes 25 to 95 mm
(1.000 to 8.000 inch) (1.000 to 8.000 inch) (1.000 to 3.750 inch)
Features Features Features
Single cartridge pusher seals Dual cartridge pusher seals Single cartridge metal bellows seals
Applied in a wide variety of general Applied in a wide variety of general Applied in a wide variety of general
purpose industrial applications and purpose industrial applications and purpose industrial applications and
equipment equipment equipment
Thermal management technology Advanced design volute grove Thermal management technology
helps the seal run cooler and tolerate significantly increases barrier fluid helps the seal run cooler and tolerate
dry running events flow to promote cool running dry running events
Stationary face support drive The seal arrangements are tandem Edge-welded bellows of Alloy C-276
mechanism reduces wear in and double balanced to allow metallurgy are well suited for a wide
applications with high vibration levels both pressurized and unpressurized range of chemical environments
operation
For sizes larger than 70 mm Metals bellows maintain excellent seal
(2.750 inch), the stationary support Stationary face support drive face loading without hanging up due to
drive mechanism allows a larger range mechanism reduces wear in solids build-up
of dynamic movement commonly applications with high vibration levels
Throttle bushing provides safe
found in larger equipment
For sizes larger than 70 mm containment in the unlikely event
Throttle bushing provides safe (2.750 inch), the stationary support of a seal failure
containment in the unlikely event drive mechanism allows a larger range
Available in a wide range of materials
of a seal failure of dynamic movement commonly
found in larger equipment Reference FSD243
Springs and pins are outside the
product for reduced corrosion Springs and pins are outside the
product for reduced corrosion
Available in a wide range of materials
Available in a wide range of materials
Reference FSD243
Reference FSD243

15
ISC2-BB ISC2-682 ISC2-MW
Dual metal bellows seals ISC2 seals compliant to API 682 Dual pusher seal for mixer service
ISC2 Standard Cartridge Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


General purpose ASME, ISO, JIS API 610 or ASME enlarged bore Mixers
pumps pumps
Operating Parameters
Operating Parameters Operating Parameters
Pressure up to 6.9 bar (100 psi)
Pressure up to 13.8 bar (200 psi) Pressure
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F)
pusher up to 20.6 bar (300 psi)
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F)
bellows up to 13.8 bar (200 psi) Speed up to 1.1 m/s (3.5 fps)
Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps)
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F) Shaft Sizes 25 to 200 mm
Shaft Sizes 25 to 95 mm (1.000 to 8.000 inch)
Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps)
(1.000 to 3.750 inch)
Shaft Sizes
Features
Features pusher 25 to 200 mm Economical cartridge seal for top
Dual cartridge metal bellows seals (1.000 to 8.000 inch) entry installations
bellows 25 to 95 mm
Applied in a wide variety of general Dual wet design
(1.000 to 3.750 inch)
purpose industrial applications and
Thermal management technology
equipment Features
helps the seal run cooler and tolerate
Advanced design volute groove Seals satisfy all API 682 design and dry running events
significantly increases barrier fluid qualification test requirements
1.14 mm (0.045 inch) TIR on sizes up
flow to promote cool running
Configurable as either Type A pusher to 89 mm (3.500 inch) shaft size
The seal arrangements are tandem seal or Type B metal bellows seal to
1.52 mm (0.060 inch) TIR on sizes
and double balanced to allow suit specific applications
greater than 89 mm (3.500 inch) shaft
both pressurized and unpressurized
Available in all API 682 standard size
operation
arrangements including single, dual
Volute groove significantly increases
Edge-welded bellows of Alloy C-276 unpressurized and dual pressurized
barrier fluid flow to promote cool
metallurgy are well suited for a wide
Designs are built on ISC2 seal basic running even at mixer speeds
range of chemical environments
components, sharing the benefits of
Available in a wide range of materials thermal management technology,
volute groove design and Alloy C-276
Reference FSD243
bellows
Built for general duty refinery and
chemical plant services
Reference FSD243

16
Pusher Seals
Mechanical seals categorized as pusher The most common spring arrangement
seals represent an extremely popular and utilizes multiple small diameter coil
successful style of sealing. A pusher seal springs of a high metallurgy evenly
relies on the sealability of a flexible distributed around the seal face. Large

Pusher Seals
element such as an O-ring or U-cup section single coil springs are used
between the seal face and adjoining where long axial travel is required or to
surface. The assembly of seal faces, prevent clogging. Locating the springs
spring(s) and flexible element working outside the process fluid is another viable
together is the foundation for proper seal solution to avoid clogging with product
performance. Flowserves diverse debris. In axially-compact designs, wave
portfolio is well suited to address springs can be used.
numerous application and industry
Besides the versatility of pusher seals
requirements.
and expansive field experience, another QB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Pusher seal designs run the gamut from compelling attribute is their repairability
simple, low duty devices to the highest after years of operating. If the time QBB/QB . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
duty, extremely sophisticated engineered comes for a repair, pusher seals can
solutions. Besides general services, generally be repaired quickly and QBQ LZ/GSL . . . . . . . . . 18
pusher seals are often selected for light returned to service.
hydrocarbons, high pressures and high UC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
speed applications because of their
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
inherently greater strength and damping
characteristics compared to bellows DHTW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
seals.
HSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Modern flexible secondary sealing
materials allow an ever expanding RO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
application of pusher seals. Availability
of materials by size, chemical resistance, CRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
hardness, and shape is unprecedented
and few services exist where O-rings in Europac 600 . . . . . . . . . 21
particular cannot be used.
RA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

17
QB QBB/QB QBQ LZ/GSL
General purpose pusher seals Dual pressurized pusher seals Dual unpressurized pusher seals
capable of zero emissions with containment seals
Pusher Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


Pumps, including API 610 Pumps, including API 610 Pumps, including API 610

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 51.7 bar (750 psi) Pressure up to 51.7 bar (750 psi) Pressure up to 51.7 bar (750 psi)
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F) Temperature -40 to 204C (400F) Temperature -40 to 204C (400F)
Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed 6.1 to 23 m/s (20 to 75 fps)
Shaft Sizes 12.7 to 139.7 mm Shaft Sizes 20 to 127 mm Shaft Sizes 20 to 116 mm
(0.500 to 5.500 inch) (0.787 to 5.000 inch) (0.787 to 4.567 inch)
Features Features Features
General industry single, balanced, Standard API 682 Arrangement 3 API 682 Arrangement 2 Type A seal for
multi-spring, pusher seal Type A seal in face-to-back use with a buffer gas
configuration for use with a
Welded keys drive rotating seal face Specially designed for light
pressurized barrier fluid
providing robustness to high torque hydrocarbons at low vapor pressure
scenarios Extremely robust to reverse margin
pressurization with reverse pressure
A wide range of available features Precision face topography combats
handling capabilities that far exceed
enable improved performance in vaporization by increasing fluid
conventional balanced seals
challenging applications pressure between the seal faces and
Seal face geometry enables use of reducing heat generation
Choice of throttle bushing design:
face to back configuration which is
fixed, floating, segmented Specific gravities between 0.4 and 0.6
preferred in many dual seal
Other Configurations applications Dry-running lift-off containment seal
provides near zero emissions and
QBQ Integral pumping ring
safety backup
Standard API 682 Arrangement 1
Other Configurations
Type A seal Other Configurations
QB2B/QB
High balance seal face design for low QBQ LZ/QBQ
Standard API 682 Arrangement 3
emissions. Faces designed to suppress API 682 Arrangement 2 Type A seal
Type A seal in back-to-back
flashing and minimize heat generation for use with a liquid buffer fluid
configuration
in hydrocarbon applications
Reference FSD216, FSD143
For use with a pressurized barrier fluid
QBS
in applications between 10 bar (145 psi)
Single spring design provides the
and 48.3 bar (700 psi)
highest resistance to clogging and
corrosion Typically applied with Plan 53B or Plan 54
QBU Reverse pressure features act to contain
Grooved face option designed for hot product fluid under upset conditions
water applications where cooling water
QBQ/QBQ
is not available
Standard API 682 Arrangement 2
QBR Type A seal for use with a liquid buffer
18 Reverse configuration with stationary fluid
flexible element. Standard hydraulic
High balance low emissions for hydro-
decoking jet pump seal
carbon down to 0.45 specific gravity
Reference FSD152, FSD175
Reference FSD152
UC D DHTW
Single spring pusher seals Single spring pusher seals High speed, high pressure
balanced pusher seals

Pusher Seals
Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type
Pumps, including API 610, pipeline Pumps, including API 610 Pumps, including API 610, pipeline

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 27.6 bar (400 psi) Pressure up to 69 bar (1000 psi) Pressure up to 207 bar (3000 psi)
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F ) Temperature -73 to 343C (-100 to 650F) Temperature -40 to 371C (700F)
Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 76 m/s (250 fps)
Shaft Sizes 14.1 to 148 mm Shaft Sizes 13.4 to 137 mm Shaft Sizes 25.4 to 228.6 mm
(0.566 to 5.838 inch) (0.525 to 5.400 inch) (1.000 to 9.000 inch)
Features Features Features
Workhorse pusher seal with thick High circulation integral pumping ring Custom engineered for specific
section components is suitable for optimized for use in conjunction with applications in high energy pumps such
tough dirty services Plan 23 closed loop cooling as boiler feed process barrel pumps
Large cross section elastomer U-cup Ideal for boiler feed water and hot water Seal faces designed using FEA
dynamic gasket service techniques allow for zero net deflection
from thermal, hydraulic, and dynamic
Graphite gasketed silicon carbon Large cross section elastomer U-cup
forces
rotating face provides excellent heat dynamic gasket
transfer Available anti-electrical corrosion
Other Configurations features for ultra high purity boiler feed
Canned face provides optimum face
DQ water
flatness
API 682 Arrangement 1 Type A seal
Precision face topography available to
Other Configurations provide optimal lubrication
High balance low emission hot
UCQ hydrocarbons
Integral pumping ring designs optimized
API 682 Arrangement 1 Type A seal
DP for each application's speed
High balance low emission light High pressure stationary face,
Extra heavy duty face geometry and
hydrocarbon design, specific gravities 51.7 to 103.4 bar (750 to 1500 psi)
drive features suitable for high torque,
down to 0.45 with multiport flush
Reference FSD153 high pressure, and high speed
UO
Other Configurations
High pressure rotating face design for
applications between 27.6 bar (400 psi) UHTW
and 69 bar (1000 psi) As DHTW, without the integral pumping
ring
UOP
High pressure rotating and stationary UHTW/DHTW
face for applications between 51.7 bar Dual seal arrangement available for the
(750 psi) and 103.4 bar (1500) psi most robust applications where leakage
and emissions control are critical
Reference FSD110
Applications include: hydrocarbons, CO2,
boiler circulation, pipelines, and oil field
injection 19
Reference FSD140
HSH RO CRO
Stationary spring design seals Unbalanced pusher seals Coil spring seals
Pusher Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


Pumps, including API 610, pipeline ASME pumps ASME pumps

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 103 bar (1500 psi) Pressure up to 20.7 bar (300 psi) Pressure up to 20.7 bar (300 psi)
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F) Temperature -40 to 260C (500F) Temperature -40 to 260C (500F)
Speed up to 46 m/s (150 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps)
Shaft Sizes 38.1 to 177.8 mm Shaft Sizes 9.5 to 115 mm Shaft Sizes 9.5 to 115 mm
(1.500 to 7.000 inch) (0.375 to 4.500 inch) (0.375 to 4.500 inch)
Features Features Features
Built for high pressure, high speed, Single, unbalanced, multi-spring Single spring, pusher seal available
highly viscous services seals that can be used as an inside or in single or dual version (dual shown)
outside seal
Flexible stator design allows for high Use with water or similar viscosity
speed operation and adapts to handle Use in abrasive, corrosive and viscous product
pump casing misalignment in axial split fluids in chemical services
Friction between dynamic gasket and
pumps
Heavy cross sections of the rotary pump shaft provides drive
Anti-rotation lugs provide high torque components resist high levels of
Metal parts of the seal are isolated
capability corrosion
from pumped product to prevent
Thick cross-section faces designed Open rotating spring compression unit possible chemical or abrasive attack
with FEA techniques provide high aids in keeping solids from packing
Easy to install
pressure capabilty around the seal faces and improves
Lapped face support surfaces stabilize
removal of seal face generated heat Other Configurations
the effects of mechanical and thermal Individual parts are completely CRO-P
loads interchangeable and easy to replace Positive drive version can be used with
liquids having lubricating properties
Reference FSD156 Other Configurations
greater than that of water
RO-TT
Reference FSD169
Supplied with PTFE V-rings
Reference FSD155

20
Europac 600 RA
Single unbalanced, wavy spring Single, outside mounted pusher
seals seals

Pusher Seals
Equipment Type Equipment Type
ISO pumps General purpose pumps

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 10 bar (145 psi) Pressure up to 27.6 bar (400 psi)
Temperature -40 to 220C (430F) Temperature -40 to 177C (350F)
Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps)
Shaft Sizes 10 to 100 mm Shaft Sizes 13 to 127 mm
(0.394 to 3.940 inch) (0.500 to 5.000 inch)
Features Features
Single, unbalanced, single wavy Use in highly corrosive chemical
spring seal services
Applied on a wide range of duties, Seal faces and elastomers are the only
primarily in the chemical industry wetted components and are available
in a wide range of materials for proper
Designed according to metric
corrosion resistance
DIN EN 12 756 standard to L1k
Flexible rotor design is hydraulically
Other Configurations balanced to provide proper face
Europac 610 loading for extended reliability
Balanced version fits a stepped shaft,
Easy to install
pressure to 25 bar (360 psi)
Other Configurations
Europac 615
Equipped with lube-groove design for RA-C
hot water services without cooling. Version used with chemical products
Pressure 0 to 17.5 bar (255 psi), in plastic, glass, and other non-metallic
temperature -40 to 170C (340F) pumps. There are no wetted metal
parts for the highest corrosion resistance
Reference FSD128
Reference FSD170

21
Metal Bellows
Seals
While pusher seals have an intermedi- Rotating bellows have a beneficial
ate flexible element acting between a self-cleaning action through
seal face and adjoining surface, metal centrifugal effects that resist
Metal Bellows Seals

bellows seals use an assembly of clogging of process solids in the


edge-welded metal leaflets as the bellows. Solids and wear debris may
flexible element. High alloy metal accumulate on the atmospheric side
bellows provide spring loading for face of the seal faces without hanging up
contact, create a pressure barrier for the dynamic contact of the seal
BX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 optimum seal performance and absorb faces. Stationary bellows applied to
axial shaft movement while retaining high temperature hydrocarbons are
BXB/BX . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 the seal face. Without a dynamic often fitted with a hot steam quench
gasket, metal bellows seals are applied to avoid coking and potentially
BXRH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 in a range of applications otherwise compromising seal integrity.
untenable with a dynamic gasket
BXHH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Flowserve has proven experience
pusher seal design:
applying metal bellows seals to
BXHHS/GSDH . . . . . . . . 24 High temperature applications general and critical services, from
up to 427C (800F) hazardous chemicals to refinery
BRC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
processing including full compliance
Large axial travel requirements
to API 682 requirements. Configured
especially at high temperatures
as single, dual unpressurized or dual
Corrosive chemicals that degrade pressurized, metal bellows seals
elastomers and other dynamic provide a high degree of reliability
gaskets and long term performance.

22
BX BXB/BX BXRH
Single welded metal bellows Dual rotating metal bellows seals Single stationary metal bellows
seals seals

Metal Bellows Seals


Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type
Pumps, including API 610 Pumps, including API 610 High-temperature pumps, including
API 610
Operating Parameters Operating Parameters
Operating Parameters
Pressure up to 27.6 bar (400 psi) Pressure up to 27.6 bar (400 psi)
Pressure up to 20.7 bar (300 psi)
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F) Temperature -40 to 204C (400F)
Temperature -73 to 427C (-100 to 800F)
Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps)
Speed up to 46 m/s (150 fps)
Shaft Sizes 12.3 to 152.4 mm Shaft Sizes 21.8 to 127 mm
(0.483 to 6.000 inch) (0.857 to 5.000 inch) Shaft Sizes 21.8 to 127 mm
(0.857 to 5.000 inch)
Features Features
Features
General purpose rotating metal bellows Ideal for API 682 Arrangement 3
seal Type B pressurized barrier API 682 Arrangement 1 Type C seal
configurations standard configuration
Inherently balanced design
Dual pressurized seal configuration for Alloy 718 heat-treated bellows
0.20 mm (0.008 inch) thick standard
zero emissions and products not
welded bellows for high corrosion and Standard anti-coke device helps keep
suitable to lubricate seal faces
vibration resistance atmospheric side clean
Inner bellows designed for ID
Rotating bellows design acts to clear Distortion free face design maintains
pressurization with barrier fluid
convolutions and prevent accumulation face flatness throughout operating
of debris Enhances the self-cleaning advantage range
of a rotating bellows in dirty fluids by
Bellows available in Alloy 316, Alloy Extended travel bellows core allows for
providing a clean source for face
C-276, and Alloy 400 to allow extreme linear shaft growth, typical in
lubrication
application in a variety of corrosive high temperature pumping
fluids Other Configurations
Flexible graphite gasketing in lieu of
Other Configurations BXQ/BXQ elastomers improves temperature and
Standard API 682 Arrangement 2 chemical compatibility
BXQ
Type B unpressurized dual seal
Standard API 682 Arrangement 1 Stationary metal bellows seal tolerates
Type B seal High balance low emissions for high shaft speeds and lack of seal
hydrocarbons with specific gravities chamber perpendicularity
High balance low emission hydro-
down to 0.45
carbon design for specific gravities Reference FSD111
down to 0.45 with multiport flush Reference FSD109

BXLS
Designed to international standard DIN
EN 12 756 L1k for use in DIN pumps
BXR
Stationary bellows design capable of
speeds up to 46 m/s (150 fps)
Reference FSD109
23
BXHHS BXHHS/GSDH BRC
Single rotating metal bellows High temperature containment Single balanced rotating metal
seals seals bellows seals
Metal Bellows Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


High-temperature pumps, including High-temperature pumps, including High-temperature pumps, including
API 610 API 610 API 610

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 20.7 bar (300 psi) Pressure up to 20.7 bar (300 psi) Pressure up to 20.7 bar (300 psi)
Temperature -73 to 427C (-100 to 800F) Temperature -73 to 427C (-100 to 800F) Temperature -73 to 427C (-100 to 800F)
Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 19.8 m/s (57 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps)
Shaft Sizes 28.2 to 128.9 mm Shaft Sizes 28.2 to 128.9 mm Shaft Sizes 28.2 to 150 mm
(1.110 to 5.073 inch) (1.110 to 5.073 inch) (1.110 to 5.906 inch)
Features Features Features
API 682 Arrangement 1 Type C seal API 682 Arrangement 2 Type C seal API 682 Arrangement 1 Type C seal
alternate configuration with dry running containment seal alternate configuration
Alloy 718 heat-treated bellows Alloy 718 heat-treated bellows Most rugged bellows available
featuring 0.25 - 0.30 mm
Rotating bellows design acts to clear Steam buffer gas mitigates product
(10 - 12 mils) thick convolutions
convolutions and prevent accumulation coking in the buffer area and reduces
of debris heat loss from the product Alloy 718 heat-treated bellows and end
adapters provide the highest resistance
Distortion free face design maintains Vibration dampening features stabilize
to stress corrosion cracking
face flatness throughout operating the containment seal bellows
range Applications include: cryogenic,
Containment seal runs dry for long
corrosive, hydrocarbons, and heat
Extended travel bellows core allows for periods and is ready to take over if the
transfer fluids
extreme linear shaft growth, typical in primary seal leaks
high temperature pumping Canned face design eliminates shrink
Piped with a Plan 75 and/or 76
fit distortions
Flexible graphite gasketing in lieu of containment system, very low product
elastomers improves temperature and emissions are provided Standard threaded-on bellows adapter
chemical compatibility
Other Configurations Other Configurations
Provisions for anti-coking steam
BXHHS/BXHHS BRCH
quench included as standard
API 682 Arrangement 2 Type C seal for Utilizes a bolted bellows adapter for
Other Configurations use with an unpressurized liquid buffer convenient repairs when necessary
fluid
BXHH BRCS
API 682 Arrangement 1 Type C seal BXHHSB/BXHHS Shorter version designed to fit
alternate configuration API 682 Arrangement 3 Type C dual pumping equipment with axial length
face to back configuration pressurized restrictions and when dual seals are
Shorter version designed to fit
barrier applications required
pumping equipment with axial length
restrictions and when dual seals are Reference FSD111 Reference FSD142
required

24
Mixer Seals
In chemical, pharmaceutical, food and Accommodation for sanitary gland/
oil refinery process plants, diverse debris catcher for applications
systems are employed for agitating, requiring steam cleaning
blending and mixing products. Mixers,
Reverse pressure capability and

Mixer Seals
agitators, reactors, filters, dryers, and
other specialty equipment require low emergency sealing solutions option
maintenance operation and safety, both Cooling flange option
to protect the environment and the
workplace. The mechanical seal design Numerous pre-engineered designs fit
must provide excellent performance in popular OEM equipment
the application, allowing for axial and Ability to design and engineer to MW-200 . . . . . . . . . . . 26
radial shaft movements. customer and OEM specifications
ML-200 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Flowserve is focused specifically to Designs engineered according to ISO
provide the best mixer sealing solutions: and international standards MD-200 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Liquid lubricated, dry contacting or Materials selected for corrosion Mixerpac 2568 . . . . . . . 27
noncontacting face technology resistance and long seal life
Ability to handle significant radial and Mixerpac 581 . . . . . . . . 27
Split mixer seal designs allow easy
axial shaft run-outs installation without dismantling Mixerpac 589 . . . . . . . . 27
Cartridge designs with and without equipment
a bearing VRA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Sterilizable designs available
Top, bottom and side entry seals Seal support systems to enhance MSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Modular designs allowing easy part reliability
ST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
replacement Knowledgeable and experienced mixer
seal team support

25
MW-200 ML-200 MD-200
Top entry, wet mixer seals Top entry, lift-off mixer seals Top entry, dry contacting mixer
seals
Mixer Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


Mixers, agitators, filters, filter dryers Mixers, agitators, filters, filter dryers Mixers, agitators, blowers, fans

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure vacuum to 35 bar (500 psi) Pressure vacuum to 6.7 bar (100 psi) Pressure vacuum to 6.7 bar (100 psi)
Temperature -40 to 200C (390F) Temperature -40 to 200C (390F) Temperature -40 to 150C (300F)
Speed up to 4 m/s (13 fps) Speed up to 10 m/s (33 fps) Speed up to 1.5 m/s (5 fps)
Shaft Sizes 40 to 220 mm Shaft Sizes 40 to 220 mm Shaft Sizes 40 to 220 mm
(1.575 to 9.000 inch) (1.575 to 9.000 inch) (1.575 to 9.000 inch)
Features Features Features
Liquid lubricated seal Noncontacting, lift-off gas barrier seal Contacting gas barrier seal
Product side seal has reverse pressure Advanced lift-off technology avoids Product side seal has reverse
capability wear from seal face contact pressure capability
Balanced dual pressurized seal Barrier leakage does not affect product Dry-running for minimized product
quality contamination from barrier fluid
Cooling coil options for higher
temperatures available Low drag design for the dynamic Features self-lubricating faces
O-ring (no hang-up)
Cooling flange for higher temperatures Cooling flange for higher temperatures
up to 300C (570F) available Operates with a simple gas barrier up to 200C (390F) available
support system
Available with or without bearing Available with or without bearing
Optional with or without bearing
Designed for steel or glass lined Optional debris well at inboard seal
vessels Cooling flange for higher temperatures
Available for steel or glass lined
up to 300C (570F) available
Optional materials compliant with vessels
FDA CFR 21, USP Class VI, ADI Free Sanitary gland option for sterilization
Optional materials compliant with
Components and similar specifications purposes
FDA CFR 21, USP Class VI, ADI Free
Other Configurations Available for steel or glass lined Components and similar specifications
vessels
Other Configurations
MW-200 DIN
Optional materials compliant with
Dimensions and flange connections to FDA CFR 21, USP Class VI, ADI Free MD-200 DIN
DIN for steel or glass lined flanges Components and similar specifications
Dimensions and flange connections to
With or without bearing Other Configurations DIN for steel or glass lined flanges
Reference FSD104 ML-200 DIN MD-100
Dimensions and flange connections to Single dry running seal
DIN for steel or glass lined flanges
Reference FSD104
With or without bearing
Reference FSD104
26
Mixerpac 2568 Mixerpac 581 Mixerpac 589
Top entry mixer seals for sterile Top and side entry for high Horizontal entry mixer seals for
applications pressure applications large shaft movements

Mixer Seals
Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type
Mixers, reactors, filters, filter dryers Mixers, reactors Reactors, dryers

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure vacuum to 10 bar (145 psi) Pressure vacuum to 250 bar (3600 psi) Pressure vacuum to 40 bar (580 psi)
Temperature -40 to 200C (390F) Temperature -40 to 200C (390F) Temperature -40 to 200C (390F)
Speed up to 10 m/s (33 fps) Speed up to 4 m/s (13 fps) Speed up to 4 m/s (13 fps)
Shaft Sizes 40 to 220 mm Shaft Sizes 40 to 220 mm Shaft Sizes 40 to 400 mm
(1.575 to 9.000 inch) (1.575 to 9.000 inch) (1.575 to 15.750 inch)
Features Features Features
Noncontacting, lift-off gas barrier seal Modular catridge design with bearing Cartridge design with bearing
Modular catridge design Liquid lubricated seal Liquid lubricated seal
Balanced dual pressurized design Balanced dual pressurized design High pressure formed metal bellows
compensates to follow axial
Advanced lift-off technology avoids Seal faces optimized through FEA
movements up to +/- 40 mm
wear, resulting from seal face contact
Cooling flange for higher temperatures (1.575 inch)
Operates with a gas barrier support up to 300C (570F) available
Balanced dual pressurized design
system
Optional with or without leakage
Perpendicularity of housing to the
Barrier leakage does not affect collector
rotating shaft guided by bearings
product side
Optional materials compliant with installed in the seal cartridge
Construction with few gaps and crevices FDA CFR 21, USP Class VI, ADI Free
Other Configurations
Components and similar specifications
Easy to clean / sterilize
Mixerpac 588
Reference FSD104
Optional materials compliant with
Top and side entry mixer seals for
FDA CFR 21, USP Class VI, ADI Free
sterile applications
Components and similar specifications
Bioreactors and others
Other Configurations
Highly viscous or pulverized products
Mixerpac 2570
Optional materials compliant with
Lift-off seal for glass lined vessels
FDA CFR 21, USP Class VI, ADI Free
All wetted parts metal free Components and similar specifications
Reference FSD104 Reference FSD104

27
VRA MSS ST
Top entry, dry running single Top entry, split mixer seals Bottom entry mixer seals for
mixer seals sterile applications
Mixer Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


Mixers, agitators Mixers, agitators Mixers, bioreactors

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 6 bar (90 psi) Pressure up to 6 bar (90 psi) Pressure vacuum to 3.4 bar (50 psi)
Temperature -18 to 150C (0 to 300F) Temperature -18 to 150C (0 to 300F) Temperature -40 to 135C (275F)
Speed up to 1.5 m/s (5 fps) Speed up to 1.5 m/s (5 fps) Speed up to 4 m/s (13 fps)
Shaft Sizes 40 to 220 mm Shaft Sizes 40 to 220 mm Shaft Sizes 25.4 to 108 mm
(1.500 to 9.000 inch) (1.500 to 9.000 inch) (1.000 to 4.250 inch)
Features Features Features
Dry running contacting seal Dry running contacting design Liquid lubricated seal
Single design Outside mounted split seal Dual design
No buffer fluid system needed Single balanced design For sterile vessels
Handles eccentricity of 3.8 mm No wetted metal parts For CIP and SIP use
(0.150 inch) TIR
Installation without machine Drainable
Other sizes and operating limits disassembly
Minimum crevices
upon request
Other sizes and operating limits
Clean product side
Available with or without bearing upon request
Optional with or without bearing
Optional cartridge design Optional materials compliant with
FDA CFR 21, USP Class VI, ADI Free Materials compliant with FDA
Sanitary gland for sterilization
Components and similar specifications CFR 21 and USP Class VI <87> <88>.
purposes
All components are ADI free. Materials
Reference FSD162
Optional materials compliant with available to meet additional
FDA CFR 21, USP Class VI, ADI Free specifications as required.
Components and similar specifications
Other Configurations
Other Configurations
Bottom entry: Mixerpac 585/586
VRA-C
Bottom entry mixer seals without a
No product wetted metal parts bearing (585) and with a bearing (586)
Reference FSD167 Slurry seal design
Flush available
Reference FSD104

28
Compressor Seals
Flowserve has the technical expertise to The acknowledged leader
provide superior products and solutions in fluid sealing
for your compressor operations and

Compressor Seals
sealing requirements. Flowserve has the best of existing
technology in one comprehensive
We are the leading-edge service provider product line with configurations
for dry gas seal retrofits, high end tailored to each application.
compressor seal troubleshooting, seal Gaspac dry gas seals
support engineering and world class gas Circpac carbon ring seals
conditioning systems. Gaspac T . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Gas conditioning systems
A convergence of technologies and Turbopac oil seals Gaspac L . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
experience from the trusted names in gas
seal and system manufacture, application, Value added services Gaspac D . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
and retrofitting, our heritage Durametallic, Compressor gas seal retrofit services
Pacific Wietz, Revolve Technologies, and Gaspac S . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
BW Seals brands present more opportuni- ReadySeal compressor seal
ties for success than ever before. maintenance and inventory program Circpac CB . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Features of our Gaspac dry gas seal Global repair and testing service Circpac LO . . . . . . . . . . . 31
line include innovative solutions to facilities in
secondary sealing, reverse rotation, Dortmund, Germany Circpac HP . . . . . . . . . . 32
reverse pressurization, and centering of Kalamazoo, USA
Turbopac 378 . . . . . . . . 32
rotating components. Seals feature our Maca, Brazil
Precision Face Topography with a choice Dubai, UAE SupplypacTM . . . . . . . . . 32
of unidirectional Advanced Pattern Groove Singapore
(APG) or bidirectional T-Groove, plus a CleanpacTM D . . . . . . . . . 33
choice of dynamic sealing options, all
within a universal housing. CleanpacTM F . . . . . . . . . 33
CleanpacTM DL . . . . . . . . 33
AmpliflowTM . . . . . . . . . . 34
DrypacTM . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
N2 GenpacTM . . . . . . . . . 34

29
Gaspac T Gaspac L Gaspac D
Tandem compressor seals Tandem seal with interstage Double compressor seals
labyrinth
Compressor Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


Compressors Compressors Compressors

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 650 bar (9427 psi) Pressure up to 650 bar (9427 psi) Pressure up to 60 bar (870 psi)
Temperature -100 to 230C Temperature -100 to 230C Temperature -100 to 200C
(-150 to 450F) (-150 to 450F) (-150 to 400F)
Speed 1 to 250 m/s (3 to 820 fps) Speed 1 to 250 m/s (3 to 820 fps) Speed 1 to 140 m/s (3 to 460 fps)
Shaft Sizes 40 to 360 mm Shaft Sizes 40 to 360 mm Shaft Sizes 40 to 360 mm
(1.500 to 14.125 inch) (1.500 to 14.125 inch) (1.500 to 14.125 inch)
Features Features Features
Tandem arrangement cartridge seal Interstage labyrinth keeps process gas Dual pressurized opposed arrangement
from migrating to outboard seal faces seal configuration
Both inboard and outboard seals have
full product pressure capability Eliminate process leakage gas to Inboard and outboard seals run at
atmosphere with interstage purge barrier pressure set higher than the
Outboard seal normally operates under
process pressure
low pressure. In the event of an Both inboard and outboard seals have
inboard seal failure, the outboard seal full product pressure capability For toxic and/or flammable process
acts as an installed spare gases where zero process emissions
Outboard seal acts as an installed
are required
Process gas has controlled leakage spare with full pressure capability
across both sets of seal faces For process gas contaminated with
Choice between T-Groove face
particles
Choice between T-Groove face geometry for bidirectional rotation or
geometry for bidirectional rotation Advanced Pattern Groove for For very low pressure applications
or Advanced Pattern Groove for unidirectional rotation where a tandem seal can not be used
unidirectional rotation
Seal faces are noncontacting from Choice between T-Groove face
Seal faces are noncontacting from slow roll up to the highest speeds geometry for bidirectional rotation or
slow roll up to the highest speeds Advanced Pattern Groove for unidirec-
Spring energized O-ring provides low
tional rotation
Spring energized O-ring provides low drag for excellent seal face tracking
drag for excellent seal face tracking Seal faces are noncontacting from slow
Optional PTFE dynamic sealing
roll up to the highest speeds
Optional PTFE dynamic sealing element element extends the temperature
extends the temperature range and range and chemical resistance Spring energized O-ring provides low
chemical resistance drag for excellent seal face tracking
Standardized inboard and outboard
Standardized inboard and outboard seal parts for easy interchangeability Optional PTFE dynamic sealing
seal parts for easy interchangeability element extends the temperature range
Higher pressures and larger sizes
and chemical resistance
Higher pressures and larger sizes available on request
available on request Standardized inboard and outboard
Reference FSD113
seal parts for easy interchangeability
Reference FSD113
Higher pressures and larger sizes
30 available on request
Reference FSD113
Gaspac S Circpac CB Circpac LO
Single compressor seals Carbon ring seals Carbon ring seals

Compressor Seals
Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type
Compressors Compressors Compressors

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 250 bar (3600 psi) Pressure up to 5 bar (70 psi) Pressure up to 5 bar (70 psi)
Temperature -100 to 230C Temperature -40 to 80C (180F) Temperature -40 to 140C (-40 to 280F )
(-150 to 450F)
Speed up to 140 m/s (460 fps) Speed up to 140 m/s (460 fps)
Speed 1 to 250 m/s (3 to 820 fps)
Shaft Sizes 40 to 360 mm Shaft Sizes 40 to 360 mm
Shaft Sizes 40 to 360 mm (1.500 to 14.125 inch) (1.500 to 14.125 inch)
(1.500 to 14.125 inch)
Features Features
Features
Carbon ring seals for continuous Balanced floating carbon ring design
Single cartridge seal with controlled noncontacting operation and no wear
Bidirectional T-Groove technology on
process gas leakage to the atmosphere
Helps protect the Gaspac seal from the inside diameter provides
For clean applications where the gas bearing oil mist noncontacting operation and no wear
sealed is neither flammable nor
Applied to the front of a Gaspac seal, Helps protect the Gaspac seal from
harmful to the atmosphere
works to separate process gas from bearing oil mist
Circpac or labyrinth seals may be the Gaspac seal
Helps prevent process gas leakage
integrated to reduce the amount of
Designed to prevent process gas from entering the bearing oil chamber
process leakage
leakage into the bearing oil
Precision mortise joint design provides
Choice between T-Groove face
Bidirectional design handles reverse low joint bypass leakage
geometry for bidirectional rotation or
rotation which means less spare parts
Advanced Pattern Groove for Minimized clearance for low gas
inventory
unidirectional rotation consumption
No dewpoint limitation for separation
Seal faces are noncontacting from slow Same gas consumption under static
gas
roll up to the highest speeds and dynamic conditions
High operational safety and reliability
Spring energized O-ring provides low No dewpoint limitation for separation
drag for excellent seal face tracking Reference FSD113 gas
Optional PTFE dynamic sealing element Reference FSD113
extends the temperature range and
chemical resistance
Higher pressures and larger sizes
available on request
Reference FSD113

31
Circpac HP Turbopac 378 Supplypac TM

Carbon ring seals Turbo compressor seals Dry gas seal support system
Compressor Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


Compressors Compressors Compressors

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 10 bar (145 psi) Pressure up to 100 bar (1450 psi) Pressure up to 413.6 bar (6000 psi)

Temperature -40 to 180C (350F) Temperature -40 to 180C (360F) Temperature up to 204C (400F)

Speed up to 90 m/s (300 fps) Speed up to 90 m/s (300 fps) Features


Shaft Sizes 25 to 280 mm Shaft Sizes 40 to 260 mm Eliminates NDE required with welded
(1.000 to 11.000 inch) (1.500 to 10.250 inch) systems

Features Features Enhanced safety over welded systems

Carbon ring seals for stand alone Balanced single or dual seal Shortened delivery cycles through
operation reduction in engineering, manufactur-
Bidirectional seal face technology
ing and assembly time
Cost effective sealing solution for low Designed for optimized operational
pressure applications where the very Flexible, modular design, key for offshore
safety and reliability for higher speed
low leakage of a conventional gas seal installations with space limitations
and pressure applications
is not required Accommodates bolt-on seal gas
Non-rotating spring assembly for
Any ring combination can be arranged conditioning equipment whether
higher rotational speed
in a Circpac seal to meet specific added at the factory or in the field
application requirements Reverse pressure capability
Allows for individual component pack-
Additional features such as labyrinths, Cartridge design available for easy aging and shipping to accommodate
face seals, pressure sensing ports and installation field assembly
purge/vent/drain ports are available Design Specifications
Solid stationary face
Reference FSD113
Optimized heat transfer Meets API 614 design criteria and is
ASME B31.3 certified
Handles emergency shut downs
Utilizes proprietary Flowserve flanges
Available in face to face arrangement
Effective bore comparable to 1 inch XXS
Other Configurations pipe
Turbopac 2100 Flow paths are scalable for lower pressure,
Dual pressurized seal for high pressure larger bore, and higher flow rates
applications up to 100 m/s (330 fps)
Materials: 316/316L stainless steel,
and 300 bar (4350 psi)
monel, and others as required
Reference FSD113
Gaskets: FKM, FFKM, PTFE, RTJ,
spiral wound
Industry standard material certification
available for components
Reference FSD113
32
Cleanpac D TM
Cleanpac F TM
Cleanpac DL TM

Liquid removal Pre-filter Single and dual coalescing filters


system

Compressor Seals
Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type
Compressors Compressors Compressors
Design Specifications Design Specifications Design Specifications
Type of filtration Bulk liquid removal, Type of filtration Bulk liquid and Type of filtration Coalescing
Plate / mesh pad coalescing
Efficiency (0.3) >1000
Efficiency (20) > 100 Bulk liquid Vane pack
removal Maximum flow 368 ALM (13 ACFM) rate
Maximum flow 622 ALM (22 ACFM)
rate Efficiency (0.3) >1000 Liquid holding 0.213 liter (0.05 gallon)
capacity
Lower chamber 5 liter (1.3 gallon) Maximum flow 622 ALM (22 ACFM)
liquid holding rate Maximum design 350 bar (5076 psi)
capacity pressure
Lower chamber 3.5 liter (0.9 gallon)
Maximum design 350 bar (5076 psi) liquid holding Maximum design 204C (400 F)
pressure capacity temperature

Maximum design 204C (400F) Upper chamber 2.6 liter (0.68 gallon) Features
temperature liquid holding
A general service coalescing filter
capacity
Features assembly designed to protect dry gas
Maximum design 350 bar (5076 psi) seals and other sensitive equipment
Largest single purpose liquid removal
pressure from particles and fine liquid mists
vessel in the Flowserve inventory
The simple design is focused on the
Incorporates dual stage technology Maximum design 204C (400F)
safety of continuous flow and ease
to ensure maximum efficiency temperature
of use
Mesh pad removes large particles Features Can be configured in single, dual
(>20 m) and coalesces fine mists
Dual stage liquid knockout and fine arrangements (with or without transfer
and liquids that are entrained within
particulate filter valve) and in a double block and bleed
the gas stream
arrangement
Benefits of a pre-filter liquid removal
Other Configurations The typical application of the Cleanpac
system and a final coalescing filter in
Cleanpac DC one complete package DL is a combination of a transfer
valve and two single housings, creating
Liquid removal capabilities similar to Larger coalescing element allows for
an assembly that is reliable and effective
the Cleanpac D in a compact design extended operational periods between
for smaller flow rate requirements. maintenance or accommodates high Reference FSD113
levels of particulate
Cleanpac DW
contamination
Liquid removal capabilities similar to
Reference FSD113
the Cleanpac D, but at a lower cost
(unremovable meshpad).
Reference FSD113

33
Ampliflow TM
Drypac TM
N2 Genpac TM

Ensures adequate supply Gas Nitrogen generator


of clean, filtered gas dryer
Compressor Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


Compressors Compressors Compressors

Operating Parameters Features Features


Pressure up to 345 bar (5000 psi) Reduce the potential of liquid formation Generates nitrogen gas from
between the seal faces by lowering the compressed air in hazardous
Temperature up to 200C (400F)
dew point of the gas and raising the conditions or remote locations
Design Specifications temperature of the seal supply gas at
Each unit provides dual parallel
least 20C (36F) above the dew point
Materials of Marine grade filtration for nitrogen flow without
as recommended by API standards
constructon aluminum or interruption
stainless steel Helps increase the MTBF of dry gas
seals when the dew point of the gas Designed as an independent system
End connections NPT, flanged is a potential issue and can also be integrated with the
or butt weld Flowserve Dry Gas Seal Panel or
Simplified installation, operation and Flowserve CleanpacTM and DrypacTM
Booster drive Air, N2 or clean maintenance gas conditioning system
media process gas
Can be integrated with an existing Nitrogen purities between 97% and 99%
Features gas seal control panel
Oxygen analyzer available
Reference FSD113
Helps ensure that an adequate supply Monitored filter performance with
of clean, filtered gas is provided differential pressure indicating
to the seals during periods of low transmitters and inlet/outlet pressure
differential across the compressor gauges
Can be configured as a portable unit, Designed for ease of maintenance
a stand alone panel or integrated with
a Flowserve dry gas seal control panel Stainless steel and aluminum designs
or a Flowserve filter gas conditioning Reference FSD113
panel
Reference FSD113

34
Slurry Seals
Flowserve offers a complete range of Solids content up to 60% by weight
sealing products for all types of slurries in
Smooth geometries and non-wetted

Slurry Seals
mining and ore processing, wastewater,
springs resist clogging
flue gas desulphurization, and general
dirty services. Our rugged and robust Economical designs for low solids
slurry seals are engineered to perform and applications
built to last.
Modular components that promote
Whether you have a slurry liquid that field repair capability SLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
requires economic value, standard Engineered assemblies to fit common
application or extreme service seals, slurry pumps SLM-6000 . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Flowserve is uniquely positioned to
provide the following solutions: Knowledgeable and experienced SLM-6200 . . . . . . . . . . . 36
slurry team to support installation,
The broadest performance window for RIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
commissioning and unique job site
flushless applications
applications
No flush required up to MOH 9 slurry
Allpac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Enhance seal operation and extend
particle hardness
plant reliability with accessories:
Synthetic Lubrication Device (SLD),
Quench Containment Device (QCD),
and Erosion Protection Device (EPD)

35
35
SLC SLM-6000 SLM-6200
Heavy duty cartridge pusher seals Single balanced cartridge pusher Dual balanced cartridge pusher
seals seals
Slurry Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


Slurry pumps Slurry pumps Slurry pumps

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 20.6 bar (300 psi) Pressure up to 17.2 bar (250 psi) Pressure up to 17.2 bar (250 psi)
Temperature -18 to 110C (0 to 230F) Temperature -40 to 135C (275F) Temperature -40 to 149C (300F)
Speed up to 15 m/s (50 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps) Speed up to 23 m/s (75 fps)
Shaft Sizes 32 to 220 mm Shaft Sizes 50 to 235 mm Shaft Sizes 50 to 235 mm
(1.250 to 8.661 inch) (2.000 to 9.250 inch) (2.000 to 9.250 inch)
Features Features Features
Designed to handle solids up to 60% Designed to handle solids up to 20% Designed to handle solids up to 60%
by weight by weight by weight
Non-clogging cone spring design has Single slurry seal Dual pressurized slurry seal fully
no dynamic O-ring to hang-up isolates process from the atmosphere
Standardized modular design
Designed to operate without flush to Eliminates slurry abrasion on seal faces
Clamp collar drive
reduce operating costs and eliminate
Standardized modular design
product dilution Line on line hydraulically balanced
faces for excellent seal reliability Clamp collar drive
Line on line hydraulically balanced
faces for excellent seal reliability Springs are located outside the Line on line hydraulically balanced
process faces for excellent seal reliability
Available in High Chrome Iron as
standard material selection Wet end and dry end installation Wet end and dry end installation
available available
Quench Containment Device (QCD)
available if quench is requested Other Configurations Optional Erosion Protection Device
(EPD) reduces gland erosion
Synthetic Lubrication Device (SLD) Quench Containment Device (QCD)
available to extend flushless seal life in available if quench is requested Reference FSD166
harsh slurry applications
Synthetic Lubrication Device (SLD)
Optional Erosion Protection Device available to extend flushless seal life in
(EPD) reduces gland erosion harsh slurry applications
Reference FSD120 Optional Erosion Protection Device
(EPD) reduces gland erosion
Reference FSD166

36
RIS Allpac
Rubber energized slurry seals General duty pusher seals

Slurry Seals
Equipment Type Equipment Type
Slurry pumps ISO pumps

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 10.3 bar (150 psi) Pressure up to 50 bar (725 psi)
Temperature -4 to 110C (25 to 230F) Temperature -40 to 220C (430F)
Speed up to 11 m/s (36 fps) Speed up to 50 m/s (164 fps)
Shaft Sizes 32 to 235 mm Shaft Sizes 20 to 300 mm
(1.250 to 9.250 inch) (0.750 to 11.750 inch)
Features Features
Designed to handle solids up to 50% Springs outside the product avoid
by weight clogging
Non-clogging elastomer spring design Faces are made from silicon carbide
has no dynamic O-ring to hang up
Clean component design
External adjustment feature
Large clearances between seal and
compensates for seal face wear and
shaft sleeve
pump misalignment
Robust construction
Designed to operate without flush to
reduce operating costs and eliminate Metal free design optional
product dilution
Single and dual seal cartridge designs
Excellent performance experience in available
flue gas desulphurization (FGD)
Single spring and multi spring designs
Reference FSD151
Reference FSD129

37
Gas Barrier and
Containment Seals
Gas Barrier and Containment Seals

Running a liquid seal dry is commonly Gas seal technology pioneered in


one of the quickest ways to shorten its compressor seals is applicable to pumps
life. Mechanical seals can, however, be and other rotating equipment by taking
designed to operate successfully without into account the same aerostatic and
a liquid fluid film. Gas barrier seals have aerodynamic forces acting on the seal
noncontacting seal faces that lift off faces. Flowserves Precision Face
GF-200 . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 during operation independent of whats Topography is the essential ingredient that
GX-200 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 happening in the seal chamber; wet or establishes a strong and stable gas film.
dry. In the case of containment seals, the Unidirectional Advanced Pattern Groove
GSL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 seal faces are designed to run dry under (APG), bidirectional wavy face and
normal operation and also handle process hydropad designs are most common in
GSDH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 liquid during upset events. pump seals. Both pusher and metal bellows
seals employ the advantages of gas seal
GTSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Gas barrier seals provide users the
technology for a variety of services.
benefits of zero process emissions, no
process contamination by liquid barrier
fluid, a simplified support system, and
low power consumption. Containment
seals running behind wet seals provide
proactive safety by directing process
vapor leakage to a collection system,
minimizing environmental emissions,
and by having the ability to take
over if the inboard seal fails.

38
GF-200 GX-200 GSL
Dual noncontacting pusher seals Dual noncontacting metal bellows Noncontacting bidirectional
seals containment seals

Gas Barrier and Containment Seals


Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type
General purpose pumps General purpose pumps API 610 pumps and specialty
equipment
Operating Parameters Operating Parameters
Operating Parameters
Pressure up to 34.5 bar (500 psi) Pressure up to 13.8 bar (200 psi)
Pressure up to 41.4 bar (600 psi)
Temperature -40 to 260C (500F) Temperature -40 to 260C (500F)
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F)
Speed 1.3 to 25 m/s (4 to 82 fps) Speed 2.5 to 35 m/s (8 to 115 fps)
Speed 1.5 to 30.5 m/s (5 to 100 fps)
Shaft Sizes 25.4 to 152 mm Shaft Sizes 25.4 to 76.2 mm
(1.000 to 6.000 inch) (1.000 to 3.000 inch) Shaft Sizes 20.6 to 152 mm
(0.813 to 6.000 inch)
Features Features
Features
Dual pressurized pusher seal Dual pressurized, externally mounted
metal bellows seals API 682 Arrangement 2 Type A
Fits in enlarged bore pumps
containment seal
Used in applications where no
Used in applications where no
emissions of hazardous pumped Dry-running containment seal for
emissions of hazardous pumped
product is tolerated flashing hydrocarbon services
product is tolerated
Fits standard or large bore ASME Noncontacting wavy face design
Advanced Pattern Groove (APG)
and ISO pumps provides long-term reliable performance
provides low speed lift-off, low gas
without the need for high maintenance
leakage and no face contact, requiring Advanced Pattern Groove provides low
support system
about 25% less power to achieve the speed lift-off, low gas leakage and no
same flow and head than with a face contact Capable of near-zero emissions during
sealless pump normal conditions with use of a
Alloy C-276 or Alloy 718 metal bellows
nitrogen sweep
Spring engergized O-ring design provide superior seal face tracking
provides consistent loading and responsiveness Capable of full pressure wet backup
low friction drag to reduce seal face sealing in the event of a primary seal
Solids resistant features minimize
hang-up failure
contamination
Pressurized with an inert gas barrier Available for single seal applications in
Pressure reversal product containment
for lift-off eliminates contamination gas services such as vertical sump
during upset events
of pumped product by a buffer fluid pumps or on specialty equipment
Tolerates off-design pump operation
Tolerates off-design pump operation Other Configurations
including vibration, cavitation and dry
including vibration, cavitation and dry
running GSD
running
Reference FSD105 Contacting containment seal
Simple to install and pressurize
designed for conversion of exisiting
Reference FSD137 wet running outboard seals
Reference FSD143

39
GSDH GTSP
High temperature metal bellows Dual pressurized, high temperature
containment seals metal bellows gas seals
Gas Barrier and Containment Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type


API 610 pumps API 610 pumps

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Pressure up to 20.7 bar (300 psi) Pressure up to 17.2 bar (250 psi)
Temperature -73 to 427C Temperature -73 to 427C
(-100 to 800F) (-100 to 800F)
Speed up to 19.8 m/s (57 fps) Speed 3 to 46 m/s (10 to 150 fps)
Shaft Sizes 28.2 to 128.9 mm Shaft Sizes 47.6 to 104.8 mm
(1.110 to 5.073 inch) (1.875 to 4.125 inch)
Features Features
Satisfies all requirements of API 682 API 682 Arrangement 3 Type C gas
Arrangement 2 Type C containment barrier seal
seal
Suitable for hot oils, gas oils, asphalt,
High temperature dry-running and heat transfer fluids requiring zero
containment seal for hydrocarbon emissions
service
Alloy 718 heat-treated bellows have
Alloy 718 heat-treated bellows have excellent corrosion resistance
excellent corrosion resistance
Pressurized steam or nitrogen barrier
Steam buffer gas mitigates product gas establish zero process emissions
coking in the buffer area and reduces performance
heat loss from the product
Smooth wave topography provides
Vibration dampening features stabilize stable seal face separation and
the containment seal bellows enabling improves energy efficiency by reducing
the seal to run in dry, multiphase, drag
and wet conditions experienced during
Bidirectional faces allow complete
containment of a primary seal failure
seal interchangabilty on double
Hydropad face design provides low heat ended pumps
generation for long-term, contacting
Reference FSD241
seal performance
Reference FSD260

40
OEM & Special Duty
Seals

OEM and Special Duty Seals


Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) The LS-300 seal is another OEM
are very important to Flowserve. We are design suited for low speed high
committed to develop and supply designs viscosity positive displacement pumps.
for special equipment and special duty The PSS III seal is used when assembly
requirements. of the equipment is difficult and a
split seal offers significant benefits.
Flowserve has developed special
PL-100/200 non-metallic seals are GTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
mechanical seals to handle the high speed
especially suited for non-metallic pumps.
and high pressure conditions for integrally
GSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
geared API pumps and compressors In addition, the Pac-Seal range of single
with excellent performance and reliability. spring seals is available in a wide range GSG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
We also offer the GSG gearbox seal with of designs in accordance with common
a proven track record for increasing industry standards or according to OEM PL-100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
reliability on this type of equipment. standards. Complete new custom designs
can also be developed. PSS III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
LS-300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Circpac MD . . . . . . . . . . 44
Pac-Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

41
GTS GSS GSG
Metal bellows seals for steam Gas lubricated wavy face non- High speed gearbox seals
turbines contacting pusher seals
OEM and Special Duty Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type


Steam turbines High speed, integrally geared pumps High speed, integrally geared pumps
and compressors and compressors
Operating Parameters
Operating Parameters Operating Parameters
Pressure up to 20.7 bar (300 psi)
Pressure up to 86.2 bar (1250 psi) Pressure up to 17.2 bar (250 psi)
Temperature 100 to 343C (212 to 650F)
Temperature -62 to 204C (-80 to 400F) Temperature -40 to 204C (400F)
Speed 3 to 46 m/s (10 to 150 fps)
Speed 1500 to 36,000 rpm Speed 1500 to 36,000 rpm
Shaft Sizes 54 to 181 mm
(2.125 to 7.125 inch) Shaft Sizes 38.1 mm (1.500 inch) Shaft Sizes 38.1 mm (1.500 inch)

Features Features Features


Replace carbon rings on steam turbines Precision face topography creates seal Innovative Hydrodynamic Surface
to significantly reduce steam leakage face liftoff to eliminate wear Tension (HST) face topography
and improve safety creates near zero leakage performance
Noncontacting wavy face gas seal
Thin film wavy face technology for non- design produces near zero power Designed for high speed, oil-flooded
contacting operation on steam consumptions gearbox applications
The wavy face smooth surface is non- Configurable as a single seal, a dual Proprietary laser machined wavy face
clogging and able to recover from upset seal, and as a dry running containment enables high speed operation
conditions seal
Direct replacement for existing seals
Alloy 718 bellows have excellent In a pressurized arrangement, capable without equipment modification
corrosion resistance and tolerance to of zero emissions in hydrocarbon
Seal face materials suitable for
high temperatures applications
frequent starts and stops
Internal or external arrangement Specifically designed for high speed,
Reference FSD102
integrally geared equipment
Detachable design for various different
turbines Other Configurations
Designed to handle slow roll operation GLS
Reference FSD107 Liquid service design with contacting
seal faces
Configurable as a single seal, a dual
seal, and with a GSS seal as a
containment seal
Reference FSD102

42
PL-100 PSS III LS-300
Non-metallic single seals for Split single pusher seals Cartridge, multiple dynamic lip
highly corrosive services seals

OEM and Special Duty Seals


Equipment Type Equipment Type Equipment Type
Non-metallic or high alloy ASME and Pumps, mixers, agitators Positive displacement, gear, and
ISO pumps progressive cavity pumps
Operating Parameters
Operating Parameters Operating Parameters
Pressure vacuum to 31 bar (450 psi)
Pressure vacuum to 10.3 bar Pressure up to 10.3 bar (150 psi)
Temperature -18 to 121C (0 to 250F)
(150 psi)
Temperature -53 to 149C (-65 to 300F)
Speed up to 12.7 m/s (42 fps)
Temperature -18 to 150C (0 to 300F)
Speed up to 3.5 m/s (12 fps)
Shaft Sizes 38.1 to 152.4 mm
Speed up to 23 m/s (60 fps)
(1.500 to 6.000 inch) Shaft Sizes 19.1 to 76.2 mm
Shaft Sizes 35 to 53 mm (0.750 to 3.000 inch)
(1.375 to 2.750 inch)
Features
Features
Semi-cartridge split seal
Features
Preset cartridge design
Used in non-hazardous liquid services
Nonmetallic wetted components provide
in paper mills, waste water treatment Used in thick, highly viscous, and
superior chemical resistance
facilities, soda ash processing and polymerizing fluids
Special carbon fiber reinforced PTFE chemical plants
Standard viscosity range:
sleeve provides excellent mechanical
Easy to install and repair. No need to 80 to 12,000 cP (400 to 60,000 SSU)
properties to maintain overall seal
completely dismantle the pump
integrity Designed to run dry without the need
Non-wetted springs and pins eliminate for an external flush or lubricating
Affordable alternative to high alloy metal
clogging and seal face hang-up barrier fluid
seals
Seal faces are pin driven providing Triple lip design effectively seals process
External flush is not required
positive seal face torque in higher from atmosphere
Other Configurations viscosity services
Easy to install and easy to repair in the
PL-200 Positive drive rotor is held firmly in field
place by set screws to accommodate
Dual non-metallic seal provides zero Reference FSD117
higher pressures, torque and thrust
process emissions when pressurized
loads
Reference FSD217

43
Circpac MD Pac-Seal
Segmented circumferential seals Elastomer bellows seals
OEM and Special Duty Seals

Equipment Type Equipment Type


Fans, blowers, dryers, turbines and Pumps
centrifuges
Operating Parameters
Operating Parameters
Pressure up to 13.8 bar (200 psi)
Pressure vacuum to 6.9 bar (100 psi)
Temperature -40 to 204C (400F)
Temperature -40 to 593C (1100F)
Speed up to 25 m/s (83 fps)
Speed up to 46 m/s (150 fps)
Shaft Sizes 15.8 mm to 63.5 mm
Shaft Sizes 25.4 to 457 mm (0.625 to 2.500 inch)
(1.000 to 18.00 inch)
Features
Features
Elastomer bellows seals available with
Spring energized segmented seal rings diaphragm elastomer bellows and
used for dry running applications in a single springs to meet a wide range
variety of specialty equipment of applications
Fully split design allows installation Unique hex torque drive system
without dismantling equipment provides an improved drive system and
longer seal life, allowing the rotary to
Multiple ring configurations provide
withstand higher pressures and shaft
solutions for reduced leakage, zero
speeds
process emissions, or emergency
backup Crimped head rotary unit removes
metal-to-seal ring contact and simplifies
Hydraulically balanced rings with
installation
hydrodynamic surface features extend
pressure, temperature, and speed limits Balanced designs are capable of sealing
up to 41.5 bar (600 psi)
Reference FSD195
Reference FSD132

44
Seal Support
Systems
Fluid control over the sealing environment Single seals running in hot environments

Seal Support Systems


is very important to achieve effective or with little vapor pressure margin may
and dependable sealing performance. require extra cooling to remove seal
Seal support systems are used to create face heat and avoid product vaporization
that favorable environment around between the seal faces.
the mechanical seal. The appropriate
Pressurized and unpressurized dual W8 Buffer/Barrier . . . . . . . . 46
selection of a seal support system will
seals require a barrier fluid at the correct Fluid Reservoirs
deliver years of reliable service and
pressure, flow, temperature and level to
operating cost savings. Buffer/Barrier . . . . . . . . . . . 46
ensure proper functioning of the seals.
This requires reservoirs, Plan 53B, Plan Fluid Reservoirs
53C systems and pressurizers. Gas
Barrier Systems. . . . . . . . . . 47
barrier seals need gas supply panels for
reliable performance. Piston Transmitters . . . . . . . 47
Flowserve employs a specialized Buffer/Barrier Gas Panels. . . 47
engineering team with years of
experience and knowledge designing 682 Seal Coolers .. . . . . . . . 48
and selecting seal support systems to
LD 682 Seal Coolers. . . . . . .48
suit specific applications, specifications,
and unique customer requirements. With NX Seal Coolers. . . . . . . . . . 48
a full range of products that meet ASME,
API, PED, ISO, and NR13 design criteria, Airfin Seal Coolers . . . . . . . 49
Flowserve addresses the global needs of Circulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
the oil and gas, petrochemical, chemical,
power, pharmaceutical, pulp and paper, Fill Cart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
and general industries.

45
W8 Buffer/Barrier Fluid Buffer/Barrier Fluid Buffer/Barrier Fluid
Reservoirs Reservoirs Reservoirs
ASME (ANSI) general duty API general duty, API 682 ISO general duty
Seal Support Systems

Operating
Parameters
Pressure up to 11 bar
(160 psi)
Temperature up to 65C
(150F)
Volume 11.4 liter
(3 gallon)
Operating
Features Parameters
Meets the design criteria
Pressure up to 82.3 bar Operating Parameters
Section VIII, ASME B31.3, PED
(1200 psi) Pressure up to 32 bar (464 psi)
Plan 52 and 53A configurations on 3 liter (0.8 gallon) and
Temperature up to 148C (300F)
Economical light duty reservoir for 6 liter (1.6 gallon)
Volume 20 liter (5 gallon)
general service applications up to 20 bar (290 psi)
on 10 liter (2.5 gallon)
Instrumentation on each reservoir is Features
according to local standards and can Temperature up to 65C (150F)
be adapted to suit application and Meets the design criteria of API 682,
customer requirements ASME Section VIII, ASME B31.3, PED Volume 3 liter (0.8 gallon)
6 liter (1.6 gallon)
304 and 316 stainless steel Plan 52 and 53A configurations
10 liter (2.5 gallon)
construction Construction: Threaded, socket welded,
or butt welded Features
Connections are 0.500 inch or 0.750
inch NPT A wide range of instrumentation can be Satisfies TRD design code requirements

Cooling coil is optional selected according to local standards Plan 52 and 53A configurations
and can be adapted to suit application
Industry standard material certification and customer requirements Instrumentation on each reservoir is to
available for components German standards and can be adapted
316/316L stainless steel construction to suit application and customer
For the European market, a similar requirements
ASME code design exists with 10 bar Connections are 0.750 inch NPT or
design pressure at 16 liter total volume flange Connections are G 0.500

Other Configurations Optional cleanable cooling coil Optional hand pump refills reservoir
Industry standard material certification under pressure
CPM
2.6 liter (2 gallon) capacity and comes available for components
in 304 stainless steel Other design codes are available on
W2 ASME (ANSI 400) request

46 7.6 and 15.1 liter (2 and 4 gallon)


capacity for pressure up to 27.6 bar
(400 psi)
Reference FSD239
Barrier Systems Piston Transmitters Buffer/Barrier Gas Panels
Plan 53B Plan 53C Plan 72/74

Seal Support Systems


Operating Parameters
Pressure up to 34.4 bar (500 psi)
Temperature up to 93C (200F)

Flow up to 14.2 lpm (30 SCFH)

Operating Features
Parameters Buffer/Barrier gas panels combine flow
Operating Parameters monitoring and control elements in a
Pressure up to 82.3 bar
Pressure up to 75.8 bar (1100 psi) self-contained, easy to use unit
(1200 psi)
Temperature up to 148C (300F) Used for unpressurized and pressurized
Temperature up to 148C
Flowserve gas seals
(300F) Volume up to 11.4 liter (3 gallon)
Buffer panels provide unpressurized
Volume from 20 liter
(5 gallon) up to
Features dual seals with a gaseous quench to
flush inner seal leakage to a collection
50 liter A piston transmitter is a pressure
system
(13 gallon) multiplier that generates barrier
pressure for dual pressurized liquid Barrier panels provide dual seals with
Features seals based on the product pressure gaseous barrier pressure set higher
Design contains either finned pipe air than the process pressure. This results
Used where the pressure in the pump
cooling, a forced draft air cooling, or a in a small amount of gas leakage into
fluctuates or the inboard seal pressure
water cooler to dissipate seal or pump the process and zero process leaking to
differential must be limited
heat atmosphere
Pressure multiplier options:
Meets the design criteria of API 682, Meets the design criteria of API 682,
1:1.1, 1:1.15, and 1:1.2
ASME Section VIII, ASME B31.3, PED ASME B31.3, PED
Best used for pressures above
Threaded, socket welded, or butt welded Flowserve offers other configurations of
3.5 bar (50 psi)
piping control systems ranging from simple
Can be provided with a cooling coil, standard to complex custom designs
Carbon steel and 316 / 316L stainless external heat exchanger,
steel construction instrumentation, and refill pump
A wide range of instrumentation can be Standards: ASME or PED
selected according to local standards
and adapted to suit application and
customer requirements
Each seal can be individually monitored
Various accumulator sizes available to
satisfy various operating conditions
47
682 Seal Coolers LD 682 Seal Coolers NX Seal Coolers
API 682 API 682 General duty
Seal Support Systems

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Cooling coil 275 bar at 371C Cooling coil 193 bar at 371C Cooling coil up 183 bar at 95C
(4000 psi at 700F) (2800 psi at 700F) (2650 psi at 200F)
300 series stainless steel, 316 stainless steel 304 & 316 stainless steel,
Alloy 400, duplex 2205 Alloy 400, Alloy 600
19 mm OD x 2.41 mm
19 mm OD x 2.41 mm (0.750 inch OD x 0.095 inch) 12.7 mm OD x 1.65 mm
(0.750 inch OD x 0.095 inch) (0.500 inch OD x 0.068 inch)
Cooling area 0.28 m2 (3.0 ft2)
15.8 mm OD x 1.65 mm
Cooling area 0.51 m2 (5.5 ft2)
Shell 20.7 bar at 93C (0.625 inch OD x 0.065)
Shell 13.8 bar at 93C (300 psi at 200F) 19 mm OD x 1.65 mm
(200 psi at 200F) (0.750 inch OD x 0.065 inch)
Carbon steel
300 series stainless steel Cooling area 0.16 to 0.54 m2
Features Features (1.75 to 5.80 ft2 )
Economical seal coolers designed to Shell 10.3 bar at 93C
High pressure seal coolers designed
meet the requirements of API 682 (153 psi at 200F)
in full compliance with API 682
Fully vent and drain both product Carbon steel, cast iron
Fully vent and drain both product and
and coolant sides
coolant sides
Features
Easy disassembly for cleaning without
Easy disassembly for cleaning without
damaging coils Light weight high pressure seal coolers
damaging coils.
for mechanical seal cooling
Temperature indicator labels on shell
Standard materials are 300 series
surface measure cooling water Compact design is ideal for installation
stainless steel coil and shell for
temperature where space is limited - integral
superior corrosion resistance
mounting foot and convenient pipe
Process fluid flows through the coil
Process fluid flows through the coil porting arrangement simplify
while coolant flows through the shell
while coolant flows through the shell installation
European applications: according to
Can be provided with ASME U stamp Process fluid flows through the coil
97/23/EC, PED - Pressure Equipment
while coolant flows through the shell
Can be configured for series or Directive, this equipment is covered by
parallel flow Article 3.3 (SEP - Sound Engineering Easy access to tube coil for cleaning;
Practice) shell and cover are fastened together
Process fluid flows inside the coil,
with one bolt
coolant flows outside the coil Option: a rupture disk prevents
48 over-pressurization of cooling water Reference FSD174
Reference FSD106
side
Reference FSD238
Airfin Seal Coolers Circulators Fill Cart
Natural and forced draft Plan 54 Reservoir refill

Seal Support Systems


Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters
Cooling coil up 141 bar at 95C Flow 3.8 or 15 l/min Pressure 103 bar (1500 psi)
(2050 psi at 200F) (1 or 4 gpm)
Volume 76 liter (20 gallon)
304 stainless steel Pressure 27.6 bar (400 psi)
15.8 mm OD x 1.65 mm Temperature 4.4 to 60C (40 to 140F) Features
(0.625 inch OD x 0.065 inch) Refill your supply tanks in operation
Volume 95 liter (25 gallon)
Cooling area 2.5 m2 (26.8 ft2 ) without pump downtime or venting
Features unwanted gases to atmosphere
Features Capable of injecting new barrier fluid
Plan 54 circulators are designed to
Air cooled seal coolers reduce provide clean barrier fluid at a into the supply tank at pressures up to
temperatures surrounding the controlled flow rate, pressure and 103 bar (1500 psi)
mechanical seal without using cooling temperature Rugged construction, easy-to-
water maneuver 76 liter (20 gallon) reservoir
Flow is created by a positive
Airfin Seal Coolers offer substantial displacement pump and pressure is with hand pump mounted on a cart
savings in flush water purchase and controlled by valves with pneumatic tires
treatment, and they are less susceptible Available with color-coded quick
System cleanliness is maintained using
for fouling and require less piping disconnects to prevent refilling with
one or more high quality full flow liquid
Standard cooler types include 625 NC filters to ensure the fluid is clean and the incorrect barrier fluid
with natural convection and 625 FC free of contamination
with forced air using an electric or
Plan 54 systems can be instrumented
pneumatic motor
to support multiple seals or pumps
Forced air cooler motors are explosion
A wide range of instrumentation can be
proof Class 1, Gr D, Div 1, 1/3 hp as
selected according to local standards
standard
and adapted to suit application and
Process fluid flows through the coil customer requirements
while air flows across the coil's finned
Cooling coil inside the reservoir is
exterior
optional
Fin materials include carbon steel,
Reference FSD122
aluminum and stainless steel options
Reference FSD197

49
Accessories
Focused on the primary goals of long As a valuable ancillary sealing product,
term reliability, safety, and minimal labyrinth and magnetic bearing isolators
maintenance, accessories for mechani- installed in pump bearing frames and
cal seals and associated equipment electric motors keep contamination away
help customers achieve these objec- from the bearings optimizing operating
Accessories

tives. Cyclone separators and magnetic conditions for greater longevity and
separators, when added to a piping plan ultimately contributing to less downtime
remove entrained particulate from the for the complete drive train system.
coolant stream, thus protecting seals
Presented in this catalog is a sampling of
and other system components. Seal
available accessories offered by Flowserve.
Gard flow controllers provide just the
Bearing Gard . . . . . . . . 51 A collection of other supporting products
right amount of flush flow to keep seals
such as Duraclear synthetic lubricants
BGM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 running cool and clean.
and barrier fluids, various throat bushings,
solids excluder devices, flow management
Seal Gard I and II . . . . . 51
orifices, gasket materials and instrumenta-
Magnetic Separator . . . . 52 tion complete the package necessary for
well designed seal support systems.
Cyclone Separator . . . . . 52 Reaching back to our heritage, we also
supply an array of compression packing
SLD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 materials and related tools.

50
Bearing Gard BGM Seal Gard I and II
Bearing isolators Magnetic bearing isolators Seal chamber and stuffing box
protection

Accessories
Equipment Type Equipment Type
Pumps, electric motors, gearboxes, Pumps, electric motors, gearboxes,
other rotating equipment other rotating equipment
Operating Parameters Operating Parameters
Shaft Sizes 20-250 mm Shaft Sizes 15.9 to 152 mm
(0.875 to 10.000 inch) (0.625 to 6.000 inch)
Equipment Type
Features Features
Pumps
Installs on bearing frames used in oil & Installs on bearing frames used in oil &
gas, chemical, mining, pulp & paper, gas, chemical, mining, pulp & paper, Operating Parameters
power and general industries power and general industries Flow up to 2.6 l/min (40 gph)
Creates a strong barrier for moisture, Rare earth magnets keep the seal Presssure up to 20.7 bar (300 psi)
grit and dust, extending bearing life and faces closed
increasing the MTBR of rotating up to 8.6 bar (125 psi)
Seals off the bearing housing 140C (300F)
equipment
completely from the effects of high
Easy to install one piece cartridge humidity, temperature transients, heat Temperature 0 to 140C (32 to 300F)
unit. On most equipment, requires no and dust environments Connections 0.250 inch NPT
modification
Easy to install design Features
Same day shipment of popular sizes
Coaxial face design provides the longest Tough, unitized construction
Lasts the life of the equipment possible seal life
Seal Gard I controls flows at low flush
Fits existing lip seal cavities Lasts up to 25 times longer than lip rates in a Plan 32 system
seals
Reference FSD257
Seal Gard II provides dependable flow
Reference FSD149
control to support dual seals while
saving water costs and reducing seal
water usage
Good for paper stock sealing systems
with Flowserve split seals and split flow
reducers
The vertical, tapered acrylic flow tube
resists fouling
Easy to read pressure gauge is vibration
resistant and glycerine filled
In the upset event of lost seal water
pressure, the standard check valve
stops the back-up of product and
prevents contamination of the water
supply
Reference FSD154
51
Magnetic Separator Cyclone Separator SLD
Iron particle trap Solid particle excluder Synthetic lubrication device
Accessories

Operating Parameters Operating Parameters Operating Parameters


Flow up to 15 l/min (4 gpm) Flow Clean flow output from Process up to 80C (175F)
3.4 - 30.3 l/min temperature
Pressure up to 103.4 bar (1500 psi)
(0.9 - 8 gpm)
Ambient -20 to 55C
Temperature up to 204C (400F)
Pressure up to 138 bar (2000 psi) temperature (-4 to 130F)
Connections 0.500 inch NPT, at 330C (650F)
Features
MS-6670-DJ
up to 93 bar (1350 psi)
Unitized system does not require
0.750 inch NPT, at 455C (850F)
air, electricity, or external water
MS-0750-DJ
Temperature up to 455C (850F)
Ideal for single liquid seals with
Features Connections 0.500 to 0.750 inch NPT two hard faces and a Quench
Designed for Plan 23 mechanical seal or socket weld Containment Device (QCD)
injection flow and similar closed loop
Features Single point lubricator allows each
control lines
seal quench cavity to be satisfied
Offered in three different sizes based
Creates a magnetic field that separates independent of other equipment
on flow rate and pressure
and holds iron oxide particles from the
Used when no quench water is
process liquid Cyclone separators are designed to
available, ideal for frequent automatic
efficiently remove sand, pipe scale and
Prevent iron particles from causing start/stop sequences and installations
other abrasive particles from Plan 31
abrasion or damage at remote field locations
injection flow to mechanical seals
Reference FSD173 DS-920-OG DuraClear lubricant resists
Separation is accomplished by
breakdown when mixed with pumpage,
centrifugal effects generated by
water or containments; optional
differential pressure across the
DS-460-F lubricant is approved by
cyclone
USDA for incidental food contact
When properly configured, provides
Customized dispensing rate for each
up to 99% separation efficiency
application; provides precise lubrication
Reference FSD173 for varying operating condition
Reference FSD148

52
Basic design and operation
Mechanical seals provide the most effective means of A mechanical seal in its simplest terms creates a
sealing rotating equipment, handling process liquids controlled fluid film between a rotating seal face
and gases in modern rotating equipment such as cen- (or rotor) and a stationary seal face (or stator).
trifugal pumps, compressors, mixers, and reactors. These seal faces are attached to the rotating
The ability to effectively limit or eliminate process fluid shaft and the stationary seal chamber through
from leaking to the environment has made the mechani- adaptive hardware such as sleeves and glands.
cal seal the default sealing device for modern industry. These and other seal components work
together to allow the seal to operate on a
While all seal designs share some common character-
very thin fluid film between the rotating and
istics, the success of an application depends on the
stationary seal faces. The thickness of the fluid
proper selection of the seal model, design options,
film is engineered to minimize seal emissions
materials, arrangements, and piping plans. Flowserve
and face wear while maximizing seal life and
engineers can help provide guidance for the most
reliability.
appropriate seal and sealing system selection for each
application.

gland port

stationary face o-rings setting device

gland collar

rotating face o-ring


set screw

sleeve
drive pins
stationary face
rotating face
spring throttle
sleeve bushing
o-ring

gland gasket

53
Mechanical seals can be designed to operate on liquid, Seal faces are also designed to operate with a
gas, or mixed phase process fluids. In contacting liquid gas or vapor film. This expands the ability of a
seals, the fluid film provides hydrostatic support as well mechanical seal to provide sealing into a wider
as lubrication and cooling between the seal faces. The range of equipment and more demanding
fluid film thickness is typically on the same order of operating window. Dry running seal faces are
magnitude as the roughness of the seal faces; approxi- typically designed to operate in a noncontacting
mately 0.5 micron or 20 microinches. This results in a mode. Highly engineered features on the seal
light contact between the asperities of the seal faces faces are designed to create a hydrodynamic lift
allowing for a low coefficient of friction and low wear which effectively separates the seal faces during
while minimizing seal emissions. Tribologically, opera- operation. This results in very low power
tion in this mixed lubrication regime requires precise requirements and allows for operation at higher
control of seal face topography, hydraulic loading, face speeds and pressures.
deformations, and material properties. Flowserve has
optimized these design factors to create the optimum
seal performance.

Magnified approximately 2000 times,


these three dimensional images illustrate
surface roughness on silicon carbide
seal faces. The grooves on the lower
image are the result of light asperity
contact with a carbon graphite
mating face.

High resolution, cross sectional


trace of seal face roughness. The
top trace is a new face while the
bottom trace illustrates the results
of light asperity contact.

54
Precision face topography
Advanced design and manufacturing capabilities have
further expanded the ability of mechanical seals to
operate in more demanding environments than ever
before. The control of the seal face topography and
innovative design of microfeatures have redefined the
way mechanical seals operate. The sealing interface is
no longer restricted to only flat faces. Face features
can be designed to enhance the fluid film,
create lift, reduce friction, minimize emissions, HST
and reduce wear. These features can
only be created with sophisticated waves
manufacturing techniques which
are capable of providing the T-grooves
accuracy and precision required
for these microfeatures. Flowserve APG
has pioneered the use of these
techniques in mechanical seal
design and manufacturing. hydropads

flat face

Design and modeling capabilities


Flowserve has developed some of the most advanced
seal modeling and design capabilities in the world.
Analytical techniques including finite element analysis
(FEA) and specialized multi-physics models are specifi-
cally tailored for the unique characteristics of mechani-
cal seals. The development of new microfeatures and
face topography designs have only been possible due
to advanced seal modeling capabilities. Seal models are
continuously verified and refined through active
research and development programs. Better modeling
accuracy in the office establishes safer, more reliable
mechanical seals in the field.

55
Design options
Mechanical seals are available in a wide range of designs The selection of the appropriate seal design,
and capabilities. This is necessary to provide solutions design features, seal arrangement and piping plan
for the similarly wide range of pump and equipment is critical to achieving the seal performance
designs, process conditions, and operating requirements required by the end user. Seal designs can be cat-
demanded by industry. egorized by a number of different design features.

Seal type
Component pusher seal
Seals are commonly categorized as pusher seal and
bellows seal" based on the type of mechnaical loading spring rotating stationary
used. A pusher seal consists of two seal faces where face face
the flexible seal face utilizes a dynamic gasket to allow
for axial motion and is loaded by mechanical springs.
This is the most common seal design. Pusher seals can
be designed for application conditions ranging from
simple design for low duties to highly engineered
set screw pin pin
complex designs for very high pressures and speeds.
A bellows seal utilizes a flexible bellows element to dynamic o-ring o-ring
allow for axial motion. The bellows element itself is also
commonly used to provide mechanical loading for the
seal faces. One of the most common bellows seal
Component metal bellows seal
designs uses an edge welded metal bellows. These are
constructed from corrosion resistant alloys which allow
their use in harsh chemical environments. Special bellows rotating stationary
designs with flexible graphite gasketing are designed to face face
operate at extreme temperatures. By eliminating the
dynamic gasket, bellows seals can be more tolerant of
solids or process contamination. Elastomeric bellows
designs are also commonly used in lower duty services.

set screw shaft o-ring o-ring


Cartridge and component seals
Mechanical seals have historically been offered as both
component seals and cartridge seals. A component seal
consists of basic seal parts which must be installed Cartridge pusher seal
into the pump as individual components. This requires
significant skills and care to ensure proper installation.
A cartridge seal is packaged so that all components
are preassembled and can be installed into the pump
as a complete assembly. This ensures that all the
components are correctly installed and not damaged
during installation. Most mechanical seals supplied
to industrial users are provided as cartridge seals.
56
sleeve setting device
remove during
installation
Rotating vs stationary flexible element
The flexible element (springs or bellows) can be
designed so they rotate with the seal sleeve or are
stationary with the seal gland. Rotating flexible
rotating
elements are the most common design and provide element
for small radial cross sections and self-cleaning
performance. Stationary flexible elements can tolerate
higher equipment misalignments and can operate at
higher speeds. Most sealing applications can be
satisfactorily sealed with either design.

stationary
element

Single and dual seals


Most mechanical seal installations have one set of seal Any leakage past the primary seal is captured in
faces in the assembly. There are however applications this cavity which minimizes process exposure to
where it is beneficial to have multiple seals to provide the environment. This dual seal arrangement
reduced emissions or sealing redundancy. These also provides sealing redundancy if one seal
options are described as seal arrangements. fails. Arrangement 3 seals have two sets of seal
faces where the cavity between the two seals is
Arrangement 1 seals are single seals which contain one
maintained at a pressure greater than the seal
set of seal faces. This provides for a simple installation
chamber pressure. This has the benefit of elimi-
although all leakage goes to the atmospheric side of the
nating any process leakage to the environment
seal. Arrangement 2 seals have two sets of seal faces
and making the seal less dependent on process
where the cavity between the two seals is maintained at
conditions. All seal arrangements are commonly
a lower pressure than the seal chamber pressure.
used in industry.

Arrangement 1 - Single seal Arrangement 2 and 3 - Dual seal

seal chamber

cavity between seals


Arrangement 2 - pressure is lower
than seal chamber
57
Arrangement 3 - pressure is higher
than seal chamber
Operating window
Seals are designed to operate successfully in a range window for the seal. For example, lubricating oil
of operating conditions. No one seal design is capable at 93C (200F) behaves quite differently than
of operating in every application. For this reason, each water at the same temperature. The selection of
seal model has an operating window which defines the materials for an individual component, especially
applications where the seal is suitable. In some cases elastomers, may also restrict the operating
these limits represent mechanical limitations and in window. Finally, the combination of all of these
other cases material limitations. This catalog uses the factors will dictate the suitability of the seal for
following parameters to define the operating window for an application. The operating window for any
a specific seal model: Pressure, Temperature, Speed, mechanical seal will serve as an initial screening
and Size. for seal selection however true suitability can
only be determined by a more thorough
While these parameters capture the significant design
engineering review.
factors for a seal, the actual application conditions may
dictate a different operating window. Fluid properties
can change dramatically and will affect the operating

Seal materials Seal faces


Mechanical seals contain multiple components serving The seal faces in a mechanical seal are arguably
very different functions and require materials ranging the most critical components and require the
from elastomers to ceramics. While these materials greatest care in material selection. Historically,
have very different properties, they must all work a wide variety of materials have been used from
together to provide satisfactory seal performance. metals and overlays to ceramics and carbons.
Advances in seal face materials have greatly
enhanced the performance of modern seals. The
most common seal face materials are listed
below.

General duty hard face material, excellent physical properties,


Reaction Bonded Silicon Carbide
cannot be used in caustics and/or aggressive acids
General and chemical duty hard face material, excellent physical
Sintered Silicon Carbide
properties, used in aggressive chemical applications
General duty hard face material, excellent physical properties,
Nickel Bound Tungsten Carbide
impact resistant, limited use in aggressive chemicals
Chemical duty hard face material, excellent chemical resistance,
Alumina Oxide
limited to low duty services
General duty soft face material, good chemical resistance, good
Resin Impregnated Carbon
frictional properties
Antimony metal filled carbon, high duty soft face material, limited
Metallized Carbon
58 chemical resistance, good physical properties, blister resistant
Elastomers and secondary seals
The seal face pair in a mechanical seal is called the pri-
mary seal and all other sealing points are referred to as
secondary seals. Secondary seals are used throughout
mechanical seals. These are most commonly in the
form of elastomeric O-rings although spring energized
gaskets, flat gaskets, or formed gaskets are also used.
Secondary seals, especially O-rings, are available in all
common elastomeric materials such as FKM, FFKM,
EPDM, and NBR. PTFE based gaskets and flexible
graphite gaskets are used where their unique properties
are required. The basic seal design will dictate which
materials are available for each seal model.

Metallic components
A significant number of seal components are manufac-
tured from metallic materials. Metallic components are
selected to provide both the physical properties and
corrosion resistance required by the application. The
default material for most seal components is austenitic
stainless steel (Alloy 316) although other higher alloys
metals are commonly available such as Alloy C-276,
Alloy 400, and Alloy 20. More exotic alloys such as
zirconium, titanium and duplex are also available in
some seal models. Metal bellows seals have special
requirements and are commonly provided in Alloy
C-276, Alloy 718, Alloy 316, and Alloy 400. The basic
seal design and operating environment will determine
which seal alloy should be used.

Industry standards
There are several internationally recognized standards
organizations which publish standards for mechanical
seals and their related equipment. These include ISO,
API, ASME, and HI. Flowserve engineers are key techni-
cal contributors to these organizations and help define
the future of the sealing industry. Flowserve can provide
seals and systems in compliance with any of these seal-
ing standards or specifications.

59
Mechanical Seal Piping Plans
Flowserve recognizes that one of the most effective Good Piping Practices
ways to achieve long, uninterrupted mechanical seal
Pipe size should be selected in relation to the
life is to create a healthy environment around the seal
seal size and cooling requirements. A minimum
Piping Plans

faces. Piping plans help keep mechanical seals running


of 0.500 NPS should be used in general services
cool and clean, promote safe handling of dangerous
and at least 0.750 NPS for API or heavy duty
fluids, and extend the operational availability of rotating
seals. Pipe runs should be sloped for proper
equipment. The following pages provide a concise
venting and draining, making sure the entire loop
summary of the most essential piping plans used
(including the seal gland) does not include vapor
successfully in todays process plants.
traps. Vertical pumps require special attention to
Each plan shows all the standard and optional achieve proper venting.
components referenced in API 682 and recommended
Piping should be as short as possible to avoid high
by Flowserve. Consult your local Flowserve sales
pipe friction losses, especially with higher viscosity
engineer to identify the right solution that satisfies
barrier liquids such as oils. Sharp radius bends and
your application requirements.
gate valves in the loop must be avoided. The top of
the seal gland should contain the flow outlet, while
the inlet should be at the bottom or lower than the
outlet.
Reference FTA160

Single Seals - Plan 23 shown high point


vent

Vertical
Equipment

0.45 - 0.6 m
(1.5 - 2 ft.)

low point
Horizontal drain
Equipment 0.9 m (3 ft.) max

Dual Seals - Plan 53A shown

Vertical
Equipment

0.91 m (3 ft.)
normal liquid level

60
low point
Horizontal drain
Equipment
1.2 m (4 ft.) max
Plan 11 Plan 14 Plan 23
Seal flush from pump discharge through Seal flush from pump discharge and recir- Seal flush from internal pumping device
orifice. culation to pump suction with orifices. through cooler.
Default single seal flush plan. Combination of Plan 11 and Plan 13. Standard flush plan in hot water services.

Piping Plans
1
inlet outlet
outlet 2
seal seal seal
end view end view end view
inlet C
inlet A

A A

3
B
4

A - orifice A - orifice A - cooling coils


B - temperature indicator
C - cooler
1 - vent, normally closed
2 - cooling out
3 - cooling in
4 - drain, normally closed

Plan 13 Plan 21 Plan 31


Recirculation from seal chamber to pump Seal flush from pump discharge through Seal flush from pump discharge through
suction through orifice. orifice and cooler. cyclone separator.
Standard flush plan on vertical pumps. Cooler added to Plan 11 flush increases Centrifuged solids are returned to pump
heat removal. suction.
1
outlet inlet inlet

seal seal 2 seal


end view end view end view
C
A
D A
A

3
B
4

A - cyclone separator
A - orifice A - cooling coils 1 - vents, normally closed
B - temperature 2 - cooling out
indicator
3 - cooling in
C - cooler
4 - drain, normally closed
D - orifice

61
Plan 32 Plan 53A Plan 53C
Seal flush from an external clean Pressurized barrier fluid circulation Pressurized barrier fluid circulation with
source. through reservoir. piston accumulator.
Fluid is circulated by a pumping ring in Fluid is circulated by a pumping ring in
the dual seal assembly. the dual seal assembly.
1 A

inlet 1
outlet outlet B
seal seal H seal
A 2
Piping Plans

end view end view end view


A 1 5
inlet B inlet F C
E
D
2 D
B
E C
E 3
C D 4 2

A - pressure indicator A - pressure transmitter A - level transmitter


B - flow indicator (optional) B - level transmitter B - level indicator
C - check valve C - cooling coils C - piston accumulator
D - strainer D - reservoir D - differential pressure transmitter
E - temperature indicator (optional) E - level indicator E - temperature indicator (optional)
1 - flow control valve F - reservoir F - cooler
2 - from clean source, normally open G - level indicator 1 - vent, normally closed
1 - pressure source, normally open 2 - liquid fill, normally closed
2 - cooling in 3 - drain, normally closed
3 - drain, normally closed
4 - cooling out
5 - liquid fill, normally closed

Plan 52 Plan 53B Plan 54 & 55


Unpressurized buffer fluid circulation Pressurized barrier fluid circulation with Plan 54 - Pressurized barrier fluid
through reservoir. bladder accumulator. circulation by external system.
Fluid is circulated by a pumping ring in Fluid is circulated by a pumping ring in Plan 55 - Unpressurized barrier fluid
the dual seal assembly. the dual seal assembly. circulation by external system.
1 1
A
A outlet
outlet outlet
seal F seal
seal 4
end view end view end view
inlet 5 inlet B E inlet
B
E
D D

C 2 A
4 2 C
3
3

A - pressure transmitter A - pressure transmitter A - from / to external circulating system


B - level transmitter B - finned pipe (alternative reservoir)
C - cooling coils C - temperature indicator
D - reservoir D - bladder accumulator
E - level indicator E - temperature transmitter
F - orifice 1 - vent, normally closed
1 - vent, normally open 2 - liquid fill, normally closed
2 - cooling in 3 - drain, normally closed
3 - drain, normally closed 4 - pressure source, normally closed
62 4 - cooling out
5 - liquid fill, normally closed
Plan 62 Plan 72 Plan 75
External quench on atmospheric side of Unpressurized buffer gas control system. Drain from containment seal cavity to
seal. collector and vapor recovery.
Containment seal support typically with
Quench fluids typically steam, nitrogen, nitrogen buffer gas.
or water.

Piping Plans
vent
inlet seal inlet seal
seal C 2
end view end view B end view
F A 3 E
drain E 1 B
drain drain D
1 2
A C A
F
1 4
2 G
D

A - check valve A - coalescing filter A - level indicator


1 - quench, normally open B - regulator B - test connection
2 - drain, see end view for proper orientation C - pressure indicator C - pressure transmitter
D - orifice D - isolation valve
E - flow transmitter E - orifice
F - check valve F - level transmitter
1 - drain G - reservoir located below seal drain port
2 - vent 1 - drain, see end view for proper orientation
3 - gas inlet, normally open 2 - vent, normally open
4 - filter drain, normally closed 3 - drain, normally closed

Plan 65A Plan 74 Plan 76


External drain with leakage detection on Pressurized barrier gas control system. Vent from containment seal cavity to
atmospheric side of seal. vapor recovery.
Gas seal support typically with nitrogen
barrier gas.

vent
inlet 2
seal seal
end view end view B
E A 2
A A
drain 1 drain drain B
B C
2 1 D
C 1
3
D
3

A - level transmitter A - coalescing filter


A - orifice
B - overflow chamber B - regulator
B - pressure transmitter
C - bypass line C - pressure transmitter
1 - drain, normally closed
D - orifice D - flow transmitter
2 - vent, normally open
1 - block valve, normally open E - check valve
2 - drain, normally open, see end view 1 - drain, normally closed 3 - drain, normally closed
for proper orientation
2 - gas inlet, normally open
3 - filter drain, normally closed 63
USA and Canada
Kalamazoo, Michigan USA
Telephone: 1 269 381 2650
Telefax: 1 269 382 8726

Europe, Middle East, Africa


Roosendaal, The Netherlands
Telephone: 31 165 581400
Telefax: 31 165 554590

Asia Pacific
Singapore
Telephone: 65 6544 6800
Telefax: 65 6214 0541

Latin America
Mexico City
Telephone: 52 55 5567 7170
Telefax: 52 55 5567 4224

FSD101eng A4 REV 06-15 Printed in USA.

To find your local Flowserve representative


and find out more about Flowserve Corporation,
visit www.flowserve.com

Flowserve Corporation has established industry leadership in the design and manufacture of its products. When properly selected, this
Flowserve product is designed to perform its intended function safely during its useful life. However, the purchaser or user of Flowserve
products should be aware that Flowserve products might be used in numerous applications under a wide variety of industrial service
conditions. Although Flowserve can provide general guidelines, it cannot provide specific data and warnings for all possible applications. The
purchaser/user must therefore assume the ultimate responsibility for the proper sizing and selection, installation, operation, and maintenance
of Flowserve products. The purchaser/user should read and understand the Installation Instructions included with the product, and train its
employees and contractors in the safe use of Flowserve products in connection with the specific application.

While the information and specifications contained in this literature are believed to be accurate, they are supplied for informative purposes
only and should not be considered certified or as a guarantee of satisfactory results by reliance thereon. Nothing contained herein is to
be construed as a warranty or guarantee, express or implied, regarding any matter with respect to this product. Because Flowserve is
continually improving and upgrading its product design, the specifications, dimensions and information contained herein are subject to
change without notice. Should any question arise concerning these provisions, the purchaser/user should contact Flowserve Corporation
at any one of its worldwide operations or offices.

2015 Flowserve Corporation