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MATH 55 Power Series

I. In the following exercises find the series (a) radius and interval of convergence. For
what values of x does the series converge (b) absolutely, (c) conditionally?
 n
X
n
X (1)n xn X 1
1. x 6. 11. 1+ xn
n=0 n=0
n! n=1
n

X X x2n+1 X
2. (1)n (4x + 1)n 7. 12. n n xn
n=0 n=0
n! n=1
n n
X (x 2) X x X (1)n+1 (x + 2)n
3. 8. 13.
n=0
10n n=0
n2 + 3 n=1
n2n

X nxn X n(x + 3)n X (4x 5)2n+1
4. 9. 14.
n=0
n+2 n=0
5n n=1
n3/2

X xn X nxn X (x + )n
5. n 10. 15.
n=0
n n3 n=0
3n n=1
n

II. Find the series interval of convergence and, within this interval, the sum of the series
as a function of x.
 n  2 n
X (x 1)2n X x X x +1
1. n
2. 1 3.
n=0
4 n=0
2 n=0
3

III. The series


x3 x5 x7 x9 x1 1
sin x = x + + +
3! 5! 7! 9! 11!
converges to sin x for all x.
a. Find the first six terms of the series for cos x. For what values of x should the series
converge?
b. By replacing x by 2x in the series for sin x, find a series that converges to sin 2x for
all x.
c. Using the result in (a) and series multiplication, calculate the first six terms for
2 cos x sin x. Compare your answer with part (b).
IV. The series
x3 2x5 17x5 62x9
tan x = x +
+ + + +
3 15 315 2835
converges to tan x for /2 < x < /2.
a. Find the first five terms of the series for ln | sec x.| For what values of x should the
series converge?
b. Find the first five terms of the series for sec2 x For what values of x should the series
converge?
V. The sum of the series n2 n
P
n=0 ( /2 ). To find the sum of this series, express /(1x) as a
1

geometric series, differentiate both sides of the resulting equation with respect to x,
multiply both sides of the result by x, differentiate again, multiply by x again, and set
x equal to 1/2. What do you get? (Source: David E. Dobbs letter to the editor, Illinois
Mathematics Teacher, Vol. 33, Issue 4, 1982, p. 27.)