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The purpose of this document is to explain the basics of MRP area, steps involved in activating

MRP area and to use it in different possible ways.


As we know MRP runs at plant level (centralized), but as per business need we may have to
plan MRP for individual & independent planning areas (decentralized). This can be achieved by
activating MRP areas. These MRP areas are fully configurable organizational units within ECC
where MRP can be run individually. So we can broadly classify running MRP in 2 major ways.

MRP at plant level: The system adds together stocks from all of the individual
storage locations to determine total plant stock. The requirements are combined in the
planning run and procurement elements are created for these pegged requirements
with unknown sources. Individual storage locations can be planned separately or be
excluded from planning.

Illustration:

MRP area level: Only the stocks from the storage locations or subcontractor
assigned to the respective MRP area are taken into account. The requirements in this
particular MRP area are combined and procurement elements are created for them.
This enables us to plan material requirements specifically for certain areas (MRP
areas).
Illustration:

You can define MRP areas within a plant and carry out MRP specifically for that particular
area, for example in above illustration, for MRP area M0001 can be planned independently
without running MRP for plant FP01.
In each MRP area you can control staging and procurement of parts that are produced in
house or externally. All MRP procedures are supported by MRP areas and one can display
the result of MRP run for each MRP area.
MRP Area (definition):
As per SAP, MRP Area represents an organizational unit for which material requirements
planning is carried out independently

MRP Area is functionality for special planning process that enables you to carry out
planning not only at plant level but also at different planning levels (eg, storage location &
sub-contractors). There are 3 types of MRP areas in SAP

Plant MRP Area


MRP Areas for storage location
MRP Areas for Subcontractors

Plant MRP area:

MRP area can be created at plant level. On doing so, system combines all its storage locations
and stock with subcontractors under that MRP area. When you define MRP areas for storage
locations and for subcontractors and assign material to newly created MRP areas with in plant
then the plant MRP area gets reduced by exactly the numbers of subcontractors and storage
locations. This is because they will now be planned separately in new MRP areas.

MRP area for storage location:

MRP area can also be defined for storage location or multiple storage locations. Material
requirements for this storage location are then planned separately from the rest of the plant.
Important point to note here is that you can assign 1 storage location to only 1 MRP area but
you can have multiple storage locations under single MRP area. Its a N to 1 relationship.

MRP Areas for Subcontractors:


You can also define an MRP area for each subcontractor. Important point to note here is that a
subcontractor can be assigned to only one MRP area in a plant. An MRP area of the
subcontractor type can only contain one subcontractor. Its a 1 to 1 relationship.

How to setup MRP area in SAP


There are 2 aspects of setting up MRP area. First one is to activate it in customizing and
second part it to set up master data (i.e. adding materials to that particular MRP area in
material master).
MRP with MRP area is not operational until you assign MRP area to a particular material in
material master or in order words create a MRP area segment. If you have not assigned a
material to an MRP area, that is, you have not created an MRP area segment in the
material master, the material will continue to be planned in the plant MRP area only.
Step 1 Converting Planning file entries
Path: SPRO > Production > Material Requirement Planning > Master Data
> MRP Areas > Convert Planning file entries for MRP areas OM0F
or SE38 program RMDBVM00

When we convert planning file entries for MRP area, system creates plant MRP area for each
plant. Following entries from below tables are converted. Planning file entries are maintained in
MRP file which are converted to MRP area file in below tables.
Planning file entries in MDVM are converted to DBVM
Planning file entries in MDVL are converted to DBVL
Planning file entries in KDVM are converted to KBVM
Planning file entries in KDVL are converted to KBVL

If you are running converting planning files for the first time then system will automatically
create plant MRP areas. These new entries can be seen in OMIZ under plant MRP area
with area type 01.
IMP note: After the conversion, contents of MDVM/MDVL/ KDVM/KDVL are deleted and
entries are created in DBVM/ DBVL/ KBVM/ KBVL.
Step 2 Define MRP area in SPRO OMIZ
Path: SPRO > Production > Material Requirement Planning > Master Data
> MRP Areas > Define MRP areas

MRP area has 3 types (01, 02 & 03) and system will allow you to have MRP areas in below
types only (Plant, Storage location or Sub Contractor)

Plant MRP area should have same name as plant so you can have only one entry for plant
MRP area. For example plant 1000 will have plant MRP area as 1000.
In order to maintain consistency and uniformity, only MRP areas of the type plant are
allowed to have 1-4 digits key. Sloc MRP area should have minimum of 5 digits. Example
M0001 etc
You can only have 1 sub-contractor vendor assigned to 1 MRP area. Multiple vendors
cannot be grouped together in a single MRP area.
You can have multiple storage locations combined together in a single MRP area.
You can only one entry for plant in plant MRP area. Multiple plants cannot be grouped
together in a single MRP area.
Once MRP area is defined, next step is to Activate MTP area

Step 3 Activating MRP Areas OM01

Path: SPRO > Production > Material Requirement Planning > Master Data
> MRP Areas > Activate MRP for MRP areas

NOTE: MRP areas are activated at client level. Once you activate it, it will be available for all
plants and MRP areas features would be available to use.
This sums up setting up MRP area configuration in SAP customizing.
You can find following changes due to activation of MRP area. These are just few for
example
MD61 PlR creation

MRP

Material Master
Stock Requirement list

Step 4: Master data for MRP area


The material will not be considered in MRP area planning until its extended to MRP
area. Following steps shows how to extend a material in MRP area. You can extend a material
to multiple MRP areas based on the need.
Go to change material master under MRP 1 screen and assign MRP area as shown below:

You will have additional views for MRP 1, MRP 2, Forecast & Consumption values. You need to
fill required fields as per your need.
When you assign a material to a new MRP area, a new record for this assignment gets
added in the planning file. You have an option to define individual MRP and forecast
parameters for each MRP area that you assign to a material. These parameters can differ
from those defined in the material master at plant level. As an example, you can have
different MRP controllers, lot size or MRP type for each individual MRP areas that is
assigned to a material.
Users can set up different forecast model and consumption values in MAR area tabs. Once
MRP with MRP area is activated, ATP check is also activated at MRP area level.
Scope of planning with MRP area
You can create scope of planning run if you want to carry out total planning for limited MRP
areas. In case you do not give any MRP area in total planning run, system will consider all
MRP areas under a plant and plan for them in total planning.

For single item planning system, in MD02 & MD03 system plans a material only in the
specified MRP area.
Sample Scenario:
Lets consider a material Assembly maintained in plant ZSY1 under 2 storage locations (ZSY3
& ZSY4)
Sloc ZSY3 maintained in MRP area MA001. Assembly is extended to MA001 with following
stock situation
ZSY3 100 (under storage location MRP area MA001)
ZSY4 150 (under Plant MRP area ZSY1)
Lot size for same material is maintained as FX (fixed lot size) in MA001 MRP area and EX in
plant MRP area ZSY1

Total stock MMBE


MD04 MRP Area ZSY1

MD04 MRP Area MA001

Lets have requirement from a Sales order for plant ZSY1, it will come under plant MRP area
ZSY1
For testing, we can also have PIR created for specific MRP area MA001
Here is the stock situation of MD04 with sales order in Plant MRP area
Stock requirement for MRP area MA001:

If we run MD02 for plant ZSY1, system will only consider plant MRP area and will not plan
for MRP area MA001 as its a separate planning area

MRP area MA001 is untouched:


After running MRP for MA001 system creates planned order for 200 quantities

Material Assembly was maintained as EX lot size in plant MRP area and with fixed lot size
200 in MA001 hence planned order of 200 Qty created in MA001. In this way separate
planning parameters can be maintained to run requirement planning using MRP areas.
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Thank you for reading this document. Please feel free to suggest any change and
modification needed to improve the document.
*Scenarios related to MRP areas will be covered in a separate document. The
link will be added below once completed