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Simple Past: DID DIDNT

Habla sobre las acciones que sucedieron en el pasado.

Los verbos cambian. Pueden ser (regulares e irregulares)

Regulares: play played / cook cooked

Irregulares: swim swam / sing sang

Examples: I played soccer yesterday morning.

Johnny danced last night.

Times expressions

*Yesterday - /morning/afternoon/ evening

*Last night / Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday / Sunday /


Saturday / week / weekend / year

Days
Two Weeks
Three nights ago
Four months
five years
etc hours

* in ...198219902010/2011/ etc.

* today (cuando ya pas la hora del evento)

* This morning/afternoon/evening (cuando ya pas la hora del evento)

Affirmative:

I ran in the park yesterday morning.

My mom cleaned the house last night.

Negatives: Usamos DIDNT

She didnt have breakfast yesterday.

I didnt cook last night.

She didnt have dinner last night.

Manolos team didnt win the soccer match last year.

I didnt want to go out with him yesterday.

Lucia didnt read any books yesterday.

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My friends didnt study english last night.

Yes/no questions

Did she know about your birthday? Yes, she did. --- No, she didnt.
Did he bring your pink shirt? Yes, he did. - -- No, he didnt
Did you have lunch today? Yes, I did. No, I didnt.
WH- QUESTIONS

What did you eat today?


Why did you forget my book?
Who did you travel with?
When did your mom travel to Los Angeles?
Where did Lucia go yesterday morning?
What time did Maria get up today?

Complete the sentences:


1. He ______ his homework last Sunday. (write)
2. Mary ______ to school last week. (not go)
3. ________ you ______ basketball two weeks ago? (play)
4. I ____French last year. (study)
5. They _____a new flat last month. (buy)
6. John ____(take) his driving test yesterday but he _____ (not pass) it.
7. Tim _____ to Paris last summer. (go)
8. ____your parents ____ at university? (meet)
9. We _____ (see) him yesterday but he ______(not see) us.

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Exercises: Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps.

PART A Use Simple Past. Watch the punctuation and form sentences or questions.

1) I my Maths homework yesterday. (to do)

2) Susan to England by plane? (to go)

3) They a farm two weeks ago. (to visit)

4) Jenny and Peggy their brother. (not/to help)

5) The children at home last weekend. (not/to be)

6) When you this wonderful skirt? (to design)

7) My mother into the van. (not/to crash)

8) The boys the mudguards of their bicycles. (to take off)

9) you your aunt last week? (to phone)

10) He milk at school. (not/to drink)

PART B Complete the sentences:

1. He ______ his homework last Sunday. (write)


2. Mary ______ to school last week. (not go)
3. ________ you ______ basketball two weeks ago? (play)
4. I ____French last year. (study)
5. They _____a new flat last month. (buy)
6. John ____(take) his driving test yesterday but he _____ (not pass) it.
7. Tim _____ to Paris last summer. (go)

8. ____your parents ____ at university? (meet)


9. We _____ (see) him yesterday but he ______(not see) us.

Put the verbs into the simple past:

1. Last year I (go) to England on holiday.

2. It (be) fantastic.

3. I (visit) lots of interesting places. I (be) with two


friends of mine .

4. In the mornings we (walk) in the streets of London.

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5. In the evenings we (go) to pubs.

6. The weather (be) strangely fine.

7. It (not / rain) a lot.

8. But we (see) some beautiful rainbows.

9. Where (spend / you) your last holiday?


10. Why (go/she)_______________to the hospital?
11. How often (repeat/a subject)___________at school?

12. Where (go / you) ___________to high school?

13. They (not see)_________ a movie last night.

14. I (not eat)___________lunch yesterday.

Pronunciation: Regular verbs

Si el sonido de la ltima letra es: k-sh-ch-ss-x, entonces la palabra en pasado termina


sonando /t/.

Mirar el cuadro:

/d/ /t/ /id/


El resto - sonido K sh ch s x p T-d
vocal f-
played cooked visited
studied washed needed
learned worked waited
lived dressed rented

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SIMPLE PAST: WAS WERE

Habla sobre eventos del pasado, sin embargo, estos no son acciones, sino
descripciones.

Recordemos que el was y were, es el pasado del verbo to be (AM, ARE, IS)

WAS I SHE HE IT

WERE YOU WE - THEY

Examples:
1. My mom was a nice woman.
2. Michael Jackson was a good singer.
3. When I was a child, my favorite food was ceviche.
4. I was at home yesterday.
5. My friends were happy this morning.

Es una excepcin que se use con BORN. Es decir: WAS BORN, WERE BORN.
Ya que significa naci, nac, etc.
Examples:
1. I was born in Panama.
2. My parents were born in Ica.
3. Was your sister born in Lima?
4. Were your brothers born in Peru?
5. Thalia was born in Mexico.
6. Ollanta Humala was born in The U.S
7. Cantinflas was born in Mexico.
8. Jackie Chan was born in China.
9. Justin Bieber was born in Canada.

Put in was or were into the gaps.


1) I ____in Canberra last spring.

2) We __________at school last Saturday.

3) Tina_________ at home yesterday.

4) He _________happy.

5) Robert and Stan_______________ Garry's friends.

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6) You ____________very busy on Friday.

7) They _____________in front of the supermarket.

8) I_______________ in the museum.


9) She____________ in South Africa last month.

10) Jessica and Kimberly___________ late for school


11) Hugo Chavez___________in Venezuela.
12) Fidel Castro__________in Cuba.
13) I__________happy yesterday because I won the lottery.
14) Jose_____at home yesterday because he was sick.

Los negativos son: Wasnt werent

Examples:
She wasnt tired last night.
He wasnt at the disco.
My parents werent born in 1980.
Those chairs werent very expensive.

Yes / No questions

Was your sister happy? Yes, she was. -- No, she wasnt
Were your brothers busy last night? Yes, they were No they werent

Wh- questions: Where why when how, how old, ETC.

Where were you yesterday?


When was she sick?
Why were you happy?
How old were you in 1982?

Exercises: Complete the following questions

1. When were_____?
2. Why was _______________?
3. How old was _____________________?
4. How good were you___________________?
5. How good was your mom______________?
6. How often were you_________?
7. Where ________?
8. Was there a ____________?
9. Were there any__________?
10. Was it _________________in Lima?

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In LIMA
10 years ago, there was more crime and pollution in Lima.
15 years ago, ___________
5 years ago, __________________
50 years ago, ______________________
1 year ago, ____________________
5 years ago, there werent____________________
It was _____________ yesterday.
People were___________________10 years ago.
Women werent __________________20 years ago.
Children were____________________ last centery.

In Latin America (past events)

It was___
It wasnt __________
People were______
Women were_________
Kids werent___________
Delinquency was__________
The presidents were___________

Resumen de Pasado: Put the verbs into the simple past:

1. Last year I (go)__________ to England on holiday.


2. It (be)_______ fantastic.
3. I (visit)_____ lots of interesting places.
4. I (be) ________with two friends of mine .
5. In the mornings we (walk)_______ in the streets of London.
6. In the evenings we (go)_______ to pubs.
7. The weather (be) _______strangely fine.
8. It (not / rain) _________a lot.
9. But we (see)___________ some beautiful rainbows.
10. Where (spend / you)_________ your last holiday?
11. Why (go/she)_______________to the hospital?
12. How often (repeat/a subject)_________you______at school?
13. Where (go / you) ___________to high school?
14. They (not see/)_________ a movie last night.
15. I (not eat)___________lunch yesterday.

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Exercises:

Put in was or were into the gaps.

1) I in Canberra last spring.

2) We at school last Saturday.

3) Tina at home yesterday.

4) He happy.

5) Robert and Stan Garry's friends.

6) You very busy on Friday.

7) They in front of the supermarket.

8) I in the museum.

9) She in South Africa last month.

10) Jessica and Kimberly late for school

B. COMPLETE

She sad yesterday.

They in the disco club last night.

It cold yesterday.

Sally a good pupil.

Tom and Bill best friends.

We at the Zoo yesterday

You late for school yesterday.

I in London in 2008.

He born in May.

My cousin at school.

Mom and Dad in a restaurant.

I very hungry.

She pretty when she was Young.

Our teacher very tired yesterday.

The children excited yesterday.

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