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MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY Satellite

Communications

1. The first passive satellite


a. Telstar 12. Satellite-to-satellite link is also called
b. Early Bird a. Uplink
c. Sputnik I b. Downlink
d. Moon c. Crosslink
d. Weakest link
2. The first active satellite
a. Sputnik I 13. The expression for satellite link frequencies such as 14/12 GHz
b. Telstar denotes that
c. INTELSAT I a. 12 GHz is the uplink frequency and 14 GHz is the downlink
d. Explorer I frequency
b. the system is operating at a mean frequency of 13 Ghz
3. The first geostationary satellite launched in 1965 is c. 14 GHz is the uplink frequency and 12 GHz is the
a. Syncom I downlink frequency
b. Sputnik I d. the 14 GHz frequency is backup for 12 GHz frequency or vice
c. Explorer I versa
d. Early Bird
14. The most widely used microwave bands for commercial
4. The average lifetime of geosynchronous satellites is about applications are
__________ years. a. C band and X band
a. 5 b. X band and S band
b. 10 c. C band and Ku band
c. 15 d. S band and Ku band
d. 20
15. At present, the RF band mainly used by most satellites is
5. A communication satellite is a repeater between a. EHF
a. A transmitting station and receiving station b. UHF
b. Many transmitting stations and many receiving stations c. SHF
c. A transmitting station and many receiving stations d. VHF
d. Many transmitting stations and a receiving station
16. The required antenna size __________ as the operating frequency
6. One of the main applications of satellite communications is of a system increases, assuming that antenna gain remains
monitoring the ecological situation of the earth. This is known as unchanged.
a. Navigation a. Remains the same
b. Surveillance b. Increases
c. Remote control c. Decreases
d. Remote sensing d. All of the above

7. What vacuum tube used to amplify RF signal for transmission 17. A 20-m antenna gives a certain up-link gain at frequencies of 4/6
through the downlink to station receiver? GHz. For getting the same gain in 20/30 GHz band, antenna size
a. Magnetron requires __________ meters.
b. Klystron a. 100
c. Twystron b. 4
d. TWT c. 1
d. 10
8. A high power tube used in transmission of RF signal uplink
a. Magnetron 18. Orbital disturbances of a geosynchronous satellite are caused by
b. Klystron a. Moon
c. BWO b. Sun
d. TWT c. Earth
d. All of the above
9. A stage in transponder and downlink system which amplifies the
signal and ensuring that noise is suppressed as possible 19. Geosynchronous satellites
a. Mixer a. Has the same period as that of the earth
b. Demodulator b. Has a circular obit
c. LNA c. Rotates in the equatorial plane
d. IF amplifier d. All of the above

10. A transponder is a satellite equipment which 20. To cover all inhabited regions of the earth, the number of
a. Receives a signal from earth station and amplifies it geosynchronous satellites required is
b. Changes the frequency of the received signal a. 5
c. Retransmit the received signal b. 10
d. All of the above c. 2
d. 3
11. Multiple repeaters in communications satellites are known as
a. Transponders 21. A geostationary satellite is one which
b. Detectors a. Hangs motionless in space about 36,000 km above the earth
c. Modulators b. Travels around the earth about 24 hrs.
d. Transceivers c. Remains stationary above the earth
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MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY Satellite
Communications

d. Appears stationary above the earth b. PCDMA


c. PMA
22. Geosynchronous Communication satellites travel around the earth d. CDMA
in circular orbits with forward speed of about __________km/hr. 32. The use of the same frequency on the same geographical area
a. 100,000 a. Frequency reuse
b. 36,000 b. Roaming
c. 11,200 c. Homing
d. 22,800 d. Cellular

23. The period of the satellite is 33. In selecting a satellite system, the first determining factor is
a. The amount of time it takes for a satellite to complete one a. Coverage area
orbit b. EIRP
b. The point on an orbit where satellite to complete one orbit c. Antenna size
c. The time it takes the satellite to travel from perigee to apogee d. Antenna gain
d. An orbital arc that extends from 60 degrees west longitude to 34. The earth's area or region that the satellite can receive from or
145 degrees west longitude transmit to
a. Footprint
24. What is the satellite's period orbiting in a circular pattern with b. Skip zone
elevation of 1000 km? c. Primary area
a. 1 hr 45 mins d. Finger print
b. 2 hrs 45 mins
c. 2 hrs 30 mins 35. Satellite radiation pattern that covers 1/3 of the earth's surface
d. 3 hrs a. Earth
b. Zonal
25. A satellite, orbiting in a circular orbit, c. Spot
a. Has constant velocity d. Global
b. Has varying velocity
c. Is not moving at all 36. A satellite position is measured by its _________ angle with
d. Both a and b respect to the horizon.
a. Elevation
26. What is a descending pass for a satellite? b. Depression
a. A pass from west to east c. Azimuth
b. A pass from east to west d. Incidence
c. A pass from south to north
d. A pass from north to south 37. The _________ angle measures the satellite position clockwise
from the direction of true North
27. Satellite rotating in an orbit takes it over the north and south poles a. Elevation
is in b. Depression
a. Inclined orbit c. Azimuth
b. Polar orbit d. Incidence
c. Equatorial orbit
d. Declined orbit 38. GPS has a total number satellites equal to
a. 12
28. The farthest point a satellite can reach is b. 24
a. Apogee c. 36
b. Perigee d. 48
c. Altitude
d. Attitude 39. How many elliptical orbits does Navstar GPS have?
a. 5
29. Include all earth stations within line-of-sight path of a satellite b. 6
a. Satellite shadow c. 7
b. Earth shadow d. 8
c. Zonal
d. Global 40. What is the free space attenuation of a satellite system operating
at 36,000 km above the earth operating at 5 GHz?
30. The different multiple accesses which permit many satellite users a. 180 dB
to operate in parallel through b. 190 dB
a. A Single Transponder Without Interfering With Each other are c. 198 dB
b. FDMA d. 189 dB
c. TDMA
d. CDMA 41. The FDMA technique wherein voice band channels are assigned
e. All of the above on as needed" basis.
a. PAMA
31. A digital technology that uses a low power signal spread across a b. DAMA
wide bandwidth. With this technology, a phone call is assigned a c. SSMA
code instead of a certain frequency. Using identifying code and a d. CDMA
low power signal, a large number of channels can used the entire
bandwith 42. A satellite equipped with electronic devices to receive, amplify,
a. TDMA convert, and retransmit signals.
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MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY Satellite
Communications

a. Passive 52. Satellites used for intercontinental communications are known as


b. Active a. Comsat
c. Uplink b. Domsat
d. Downlink c. Marisat
43. An earth station transmits signal to a satellite 38,500 km, directly d. Intelsat
overhead it. What is the propagation delay when the signal is
received back at the same earth station, in milliseconds? 53. What is the basic function of a communications satellite?
a. 257 a. To act as a receiving antenna for broadcast FM
b. 200 b. To compensate for the antenna limitations
c. 285 c. To eliminate aerodynamic drag
d. 185 d. To act as a receiving antenna for broadcast AM

44. A satellite communication link between Pinugay Earth Station, 54. What do you call of a satellite used to provide satellite services
Philippines and Mt. Fucino Earth Station, Italy is to be established. within a single country?
If the assigned uplink frequency at Pinugay Earth Station is 6175 a. Orbital satellite
MHz, what is the downlink frequency at Mt. Fucino Earth Station, b. Geostationary satellite
in MHz? c. Non-synchronous satellite
a. 4545 d. Domestic satellite
b. 3950
c. 3789 55. A satellite beam that covers almost 42.5% of the earth's surface.
d. 4200 a. Zone beam
b. Hemispheric beam
45. "The orbit of any planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus". c. Spot beam
This is d. Global beam
a. Kepler's First Law 56. The first Philippine satellite has how many channels?
b. Kepler's Second Law a. 30
c. Kepler's Third Law b. 24
d. Law of universal Gravitation c. 48
d. 50
46. When a satellite orbits in the opposite direction as the earth's
rotation with an angular velocity less than that of the earth 57. Aguila I has how many transponders?
a. Orbital a. 36
b. Prograde b. 48
c. Retrograde c. 24
d. Geostationary d. 12

47. The actual user information conveyed through the satellite system 58. How many satellite orbital slots were requested by the Philippine
a. Bus transmission Government from ITU?
b. Payload a. 2
c. Prograde b. 4
d. Retrograde c. 6
d. 8
48. The spatial separation between geosynchronous satellites
a. 1-3 degrees 59. The most common device used as an LNA is
b. 3-6 degrees a. Zener diode
c. 6-8 degrees b. Tunnel diode
d. 8-10 degrees c. IMPATT diode
d. Shockley diode
49. The footprint which covers a very small geographical area.
a. Spot coverage 60. The radiation patterns of earth coverage antennas have a
b. Zonal coverage beamwidth of approximately
c. Earth coverage a. 21degrees
d. Regional coverage b. 5 degrees
c. 17 degrees
50. The satellite frequency reuse method which sends different d. 35 degrees
information signals using vertical or horizontal electromagnetic
polarization 61. The main power sources for satellites are
a. Multiple coverage areas a. Batteries
b. Dual polarization b. Solar cells
c. Spatial separation c. Fuel cells
d. Spread spectrum d. Thermoelectric generators

51. __________ detects the satellite signal relayed from the feed and 62. What is the common up-converter and down-converter IF?
converts it to an electric current, amplifies and lower its frequency. a. 36 MHz
a. Feedhorn b. 40 MHz
b. Satellite dish c. 70 MHz
c. Satellite receiver d. 500 MHz
d. LNA

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MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY Satellite
Communications

63. When the satellites are spaced 4 degrees of the 360 degrees
complete circle, how many parking spaces or orbit slots are
available?
a. 90
b. 85
c. 95
d. 80

64. The first satellite launched for a geosynchronous orbit but


unfortunately lost during orbit injection.
a. Syncom I
b. Telstar I
c. Sputnik I
d. Early Bird

65. Geostationary satellites are located _______ with respect to the


equator.
a. 0 deg longitude
b. 0 deg latitude
c. 90 deg latitude
d. 45 deg latitude

66. Incidentally proposed the geostationary scheme or orbit of


satellites in 1940's.
a. Clarke
b. Gauss
c. Morse
d. Gray

67. The control routine necessary to keep the satellite in position is


referred to as
a. Station keeping
b. Station tracking
c. Station monitoring
d. Station maintenance

68. A satellite which simply reflects the signal without further


amplification.
a. Passive
b. Active
c. Geostationary
d. Posigrade

69. What is the line joining the ascending and descending nodes
through the center of the earth?
a. Line of apsides
b. Line of nodes
c. Line of shoot
d. Line of sight

70. The line joining the perigee and apogee through the center of the
earth.
a. Line of sight
b. Line of nodes
c. Equatorial belt
d. Line of apsides

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MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY Satellite
Communications