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HOME ELECTRONICS TUTORIALS WORKING OF FULL WAVE RECTIFIER

Working of Full Wave Rectifier


SEPTEMBER 12, 2015 BY ADMINISTRATOR 13 COMMENTS

Contents [hide]

1 Center Tapped Full Wave Rectifier


1.1 Center Tapped Full Wave Rectifier Working:
1.2 Peak Inverse Voltage (PIV) of Centre Tap Full Wave Rectifier:
1.2.1 Peak Current
1.2.2 Output Current
1.2.3 Transformer Utilization Factor:
2 Full Wave Bridge Rectifier
3 Related Articles

Full wave rectifier rectifies the full cycle in the waveform i.e. it rectifies both the positive and
negative cycles in the waveform. We have already seen the characteristics and working of
Half Wave Rectifier. This Full wave rectifier has an advantage over the half wave i.e. it has
average output higher than that of half wave rectifier. The number of AC components in the
output is less than that of the input.

The full wave rectifier can be further divided mainly into following types.

1. Center Tapped Full Wave Rectifier


2. Full Wave Bridge Rectifier

Center Tapped Full Wave Rectifier


Center tap is the contact made at the middle of the winding of the transformer.

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Center Tapped Full Wave Rectifier Circuit Diagram

In the center tapped full wave rectifier two diodes were used. These are connected to the
center tapped secondary winding of the transformer. Above circuit diagram shows the center
tapped full wave rectifier. It has two diodes. The positive terminal of two diodes is connected to
the two ends of the transformer. Center tap divides the total secondary voltage into equal
parts.

Center Tapped Full Wave Rectifier Working:


The primary winding of the center tap transformer is applied with the Ac voltage. Thus the two
diodes connected to the secondary of the transformer conducts alternatively. For the positive
half cycle of the input diode D1 is connected to the positive terminal and D2 is connected to the
negative terminal. Thus diode D1 is in forward bias and the diode D2 is reverse biased. Only
diode D1 starts conducting and thus current flows from diode and it appears across the load
RL. So positive cycle of the input is appeared at the load.

During the negative half cycle the diode D2 is applied with the positive cycle. D2 starts
conducting as it is in forward bias. The diode D1 is in reverse bias and this does not conduct.
Thus current flows from diode D2 and hence negative cycle is also rectified, it appears at the
load resistor RL.

By comparing the current flow through load resistance in the positive and negative half cycles,
it can be concluded that the direction of the current flow is same. Thus the frequency of
rectified output voltage is two times the input frequency. The output that is rectified is not pure,
it consists of a dc component and a lot of ac components of very low amplitudes.

Peak Inverse Voltage (PIV) of Centre Tap Full Wave Rectifier:


PIV is defined as the maximum possible voltage across a diode during its reverse bias. During
the first half that is positive half of the input, the diode D1 is forward bias and thus conducts
providing no resistance at all. Thus, the total voltage Vs appears in the upper-half of the ac
supply, provided to the load resistance R. Similarly, in the case of diode D2 for the lower half of
the transformer total secondary voltage developed appears at the load. The amount of
voltage that drops across the two diodes in reverse bias is given as

PIV of D2 = Vm + Vm = 2Vm

PIV of D1 = 2Vm

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Vm is the voltage developed across upper and lower halves.

Peak Current
The peak current is the instantaneous value of the voltage applied to the rectifier. It can be
written as

Vs = Vsm Sinwt

Let us assume that the diode has a forward resistance of RF ohms and a reverse resistance is
equal to infinity, thus current flowing through the load resistance RL is given as

Im = Vsm / (RF + RL)

Output Current
Since the current is same through the load resistance RL in the two halves of the ac cycle,
magnitude of dc current Idc, which is equal to the average value of ac current, can be
obtained by integrating the current i1 between 0 and pi or current i2 between pi and 2pi.

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Transformer Utilization Factor:
This can be calculated by considering primary and secondary windings separately. Its value is
0.693.This can be used to determine transformer secondary rating.

Full Wave Bridge Rectifier


As the center tapped transformer is expensive and is difficult to implement bridge rectifier was
developed. In this four diodes are arranged in the form of a bridge. This configuration
provides same polarity output with either polarity. These two differ in PIV as the center tapped
full wave rectifier produces an output voltage of Vm and bridge rectifier produces an output

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voltage of 2Vm. For more detailed information about Full wave rectifier circuit diagram,
working and applications, read the post Full Wave Bridge Rectifier.

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FILED UNDER: ELECTRONICS TUTORIALS

Comments

soumika says
OCTOBER 8, 2014 AT 12:58 PM

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i cannot understand there r 2 types of fullwave rectifier

Reply

abhinay says
FEBRUARY 5, 2016 AT 2:43 AM

there are two types that are


1.using 2 diodes
and 2. using 4 diodes i.e bridge rectifier

Reply

S.mazhar rahaman says


DECEMBER 2, 2015 AT 1:03 AM

Thank you

Reply

ananya johari says


JANUARY 20, 2016 AT 6:00 AM

a very helpful site and information along with working and diagram makes it very efficient..!

Reply

ashok reddy says


MAY 2, 2016 AT 11:21 AM

Ok ,good.bt add some equations

Reply

jaspreet says
JUNE 16, 2016 AT 5:25 AM

I cannot understand

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Reply

SAIKAT says
JULY 5, 2016 AT 6:53 AM

In the calculation you took pi in the base but this base that is pi only for half cycle. The full
base is 2*pi. Then what will be Idc for for the base 2*pi?

Reply

Saikat Mondal says


JULY 5, 2016 AT 6:55 AM

In the calculation you took pi in the base but this base that is pi only for half cycle. The full
base is 2*pi. Then what will be Idc for for the base 2*pi??

Reply

shaloni says
AUGUST 3, 2016 AT 11:01 AM

this is very meaning ful theory,and in very simple language to understand very easily
thank u

Reply

Mangesh barge says


AUGUST 13, 2016 AT 9:29 PM

I need input and output wave forms of center tapped FWR

Reply

srimohan says
SEPTEMBER 10, 2016 AT 9:30 AM

i need appropriate notes for full wave rectifier with filter.

Reply

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G.Raja Shekar Reddy says
SEPTEMBER 21, 2016 AT 11:12 AM

this is very helpful to every one and is in a simple language so that anyone can
understand.Thank you

Reply

Ratnakar Sahoo says


MARCH 27, 2017 AT 2:32 PM

Plz change the sentences of brize type full wave rectifier and some new easy sentence
which can be understand.

Reply

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