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SW version 2.0.

GN50 User Manual

Please note: If your current SW version is older than SW2.0, you have to upgrade to
SW1.1.2 before upgrading to SW2.0.4. Please also check that your GN50 is registered
at wisiconnect.tv, and that you have a valid SLA.

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CHAMELEON GN50
Base Unit 3 HU
THE CHAMELEON PRODUCT LINE switch, GT11, via a back-plane,
CONSISTS OF ONE UNIQUE HW providing both DC power supply
PLATFORM AND MANY DIFFERENT SW and Ethernet connection to the
OPTIONS THAT ENABLES DIFFERENT
GT11.
FUNCTIONALITIES.

The Chameleons are managed by


The GN50 base unit is a professional
the GT11 via the management port,
base unit with an embedded switch,
and all streaming to/from
GT11, and powerful redundancy and
Chameleons is done via the GT11
monitoring options. Chameleons in a
streaming ports.
GN50 are connected to the embedded

GN50, base unit 3 HU with embedded switch

Professional 3HU, 19 base unit for up to 10


Chameleon modules

Embedded professional Ethernet switch, GT11 Visit wisi.de for


Fan tray with monitoring option more info about
Power supply and modules hot swappable
our products.
Power supply redundancy option

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Service and support


Support

For support information and help, please contact our support organisations. The support organisation is
manned by support staff from both Sweden and Germany.

E-mail: support@wisiconnect.tv

Telephone:
+46 141 229 115
+49 723 366 621

E-mails sent to the above e-mail address will be available to all support staff. The general (Swedish)
support telephone number +46 141 229 115 will have staff answering both from Sweden and from
Germany.

Support tools at wisiconnect.tv

At the wisiconnect.tv portal, you will find the User manual, Release Notes, Known Issues and the SW
binary for each SW release.

Apart from this general information, there is also an FAQ and a Forum. The FAQ will give questions and
answers to frequently asked questions, and more information will be added over time.

The Forum is open to all wisiconnect.tv users. Here you can discuss with other Chameleon users, and
also get information about how other installations have been implemented. The Forum is also used by the
Chameleon Support Team to communicate with Forum users.

This installation guide is also


available wisiconnect.tv portal.

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Content
1 GN50 Mechanicals ................................................................................................................................ 6
1.1 Fitting GN50 panels to the Chameleon modules ......................................................................... 6
1.2 Assembling the Chameleon modules in GN50 ............................................................................. 6
1.3 Connecting the cables .................................................................................................................. 7
1.4 Fan tray and ventilation................................................................................................................ 7
1.5 Power Supply Unit replacement and fitting ................................................................................. 8
2 Getting Started ................................................................................................................................... 10
2.1 Registration at wisiconnect.tv and SW upgrading...................................................................... 10
2.2 Installing Chameleons in the GN50 base unit............................................................................. 10
2.3 Power up and connecting ........................................................................................................... 10
2.4 Configuring Chameleons in GN50............................................................................................... 12
3 The wisiconnect.tv portal ................................................................................................................... 13
4 Registering the GN50 & downloading SW options ............................................................................. 14
5 Upgrading Instructions ....................................................................................................................... 15
6 Headend System Management and Groups ...................................................................................... 16
6.1 The HE Group concept ................................................................................................................ 16
6.1.1 Adding / removing modules to/from HE Groups ............................................................... 16
6.1.2 HE Groups for PSI/SI sharing .............................................................................................. 16
6.1.3 HE Groups for System UI .................................................................................................... 17
6.1.4 Local network requirements and System UI performance ............................................. 17
7 Managing the GN50............................................................................................................................ 18
7.1 Connecting to the GT11 in the GN50: 192.168.0.11 .................................................................. 18
7.2 GN50 slots and GT11 switch ports ............................................................................................. 18
7.2.1 The GN50 network ports .................................................................................................... 19
7.3 The GN50 STATUS view .............................................................................................................. 20
7.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................... 20
7.3.2 PSU & fan monitoring ......................................................................................................... 20
7.4 The SWITCH view overview of switch settings ........................................................................ 21
7.4.1 VLAN ................................................................................................................................... 21
7.4.2 Ports.................................................................................................................................... 23
7.4.3 Port monitor ....................................................................................................................... 23
7.4.4 IGMP Querier settings ........................................................................................................ 24
7.5 The SWITCH view advanced settings ....................................................................................... 24
7.5.1 Add a VLAN ......................................................................................................................... 25

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7.5.2 Setting tagging/member status for switch ports................................................................ 25


7.5.3 IGMP settings...................................................................................................................... 26
7.5.4 Switch use cases, standard and advanced ......................................................................... 27
7.6 The GN50 MODULES view .......................................................................................................... 31
7.6.1 Slot/Module information and pop-up menus .................................................................... 31
7.6.2 Automatic configuration..................................................................................................... 32
7.6.3 N+1 redundancy ................................................................................................................. 34
7.7 The GN50 SETTINGS view ........................................................................................................... 38
7.7.1 Networking: GN50 management interface ........................................................................ 38
7.7.2 GN50 Headend System Management ................................................................................ 39
7.7.3 GN50 Date and Time .......................................................................................................... 40
7.7.4 GN50 SNMP settings........................................................................................................... 40
7.7.5 GN50 Software and entitlement upgrade .......................................................................... 41
7.7.6 GN50 Maintenance ............................................................................................................. 42
7.7.7 GN50 Log ............................................................................................................................ 42
8 System UI System mode .................................................................................................................. 43
8.1 General about System mode and System UI .............................................................................. 43
8.2 STATUS in System mode ............................................................................................................. 44
8.3 INPUTS & OUTPUTS in System mode ......................................................................................... 46
8.3.1 System mode inputs ........................................................................................................... 46
8.3.2 System mode Outputs ........................................................................................................ 47
8.4 SERVICE MANAGEMENT in System mode .................................................................................. 48
9 GN50 streaming interfaces ................................................................................................................. 49
9.1 Ports and port capacity............................................................................................................... 49
9.2 Connecting the GN50 to your IP network .................................................................................. 49
10 Safety and installation notes please observe .................................................................................. 51
Appendix ..................................................................................................................................................... 52

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1 GN50 Mechanicals
1.1 Fitting GN50 panels to the Chameleon modules
The Chameleon modules are shipped with a front panel attached. For assembly in GN50, there is
a backplane connector behind the panel for Ethernet connection and power supply.

1. 2.

1. Unscrew the 4 screws holding the front panel. Use a torx T10 screwdriver.

2. Remove the front panel

3. Unscrew the nuts for the F and BNC connectors at the rear of the Chameleon

4. Fit the rear panel over the F and BNC connectors, and attach the nuts for the F connectors

3. 4.

1.2 Assembling the Chameleon modules in GN50


1. Remove the cover plates from the back of the GN50

2. Slide in the Chameleon from the back of the GN50, and fix with the screws.

3. If the GN50 is not fitted with 10 Chameleon modules, use the cover plates to cover the unused slots.
This is necessary to ensure correct cooling.

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1.3 Connecting the cables


1. Connect the GN50 to AC power. If redundant internal power supplies
are used, connect the 2 AC power cords to independent power
The DC connector is nor t used
sources. for Chameleons in GN50

2. Connect the antenna signals to the tuner inputs RF in 1 and RF in 2.

3. Connect BNC cables for ASI/SDI to BNC 1 and BNC 2.

4. Connect the RF out to your external infrastructure.

RF in 1

RF in 2

CI 2
CI 1
BNC 1

BNC 2

RF
out

1.4 Fan tray and ventilation

The ventilation is important to maintain cooling of the Chameleon modules.

Make sure that the air inlets at the GN50 front are free and ensure that there is free space atthe rear
side.

Use the cover plates to cover slots that are not used.

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Fan tray replacement

1. Disconnect the power from the GN50

2. Remove the front cover of the GN50

3. Extract the fan tray by pulling the handles

4. Insert the new fan tray

5. Re-attach the GN50 front cover

6. Power up

1.5 Power Supply Unit replacement and fitting


PSU replacement

1. Remove the front cover of the GN50

2. Unplug the AC input connector d)

3. Extract the PSU by pulling the handle

4. Insert the new PSU b)

5. Connect the AC plug d)

6. Re-attach the GN50 front cover

d)

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Assembling dual/redundant power supply

1. Remove the front cover of the GN50

2. Remove the cover plate a)

3. Insert redundant power unit b)

4. Attach the power cable d) to the PSU


5. Connect redundant power unit with AC power cable

Power supply redundancy and power source redundancy


When operating the GN50 with dual power supplies, the power supplies use load sharing, and can be hot
swapped. With dual power supplies installed, GN50 can have:

power supply redundancy to remain in operation if one power supply fails

operate with redundant power sources to achieve power source redundancy

To ensure power source redundancy, make sure the 2 power supplies are connected to independent
power sources.

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2 Getting Started

2.1 Registration at wisiconnect.tv and SW upgrading


After registration of the GT11 in the GN50, downloading the entitlement file
from wisiconnect.tv, and uploading the entitlement file to the GN50, your
purchased SW options are loaded, and the SLA (Service Licence
Agreement) is enabled. The SLA expiry date will be displayed at the
STATUS page of the GN50 UI.

2.2 Installing Chameleons in the GN50 base unit


Remove the front plate from the Chameleon module, and mount the
GN50 with SW2.0.4 is
rear fixing panel, see 1.1. Slide the Chameleon in from the rear of the recommended to run with
GN50 so that the backplane connector connects to the backplane in Chameleon FW2.3.
the GN50. Cover the unused slots in GN50 with the cover plates.

2.3 Power up and connecting


1. Power up
Connect the GN50 to the mains power. If dual power supply units are used, it is preferred to
connect the power supplies to independent sources.

2. Connect to the GN50: 192.168.0.11


Use an IP cable to connect from your computer to the Management port of the GN50/GT11. Set the
IP address on your computer or for your network adaptor to an address in the same address range
as the IP address of GN50, e.g. 192.168.0.10. Start your web browser, and connect to the web UI
of the GT11 by entering 192.168.0.11 in the address field of the browser. The name of the GN50
will be displayed in the system modules list box, headed by a indicating that this is the
entry IP for the system.

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3. Creating a HE System Management group


In the GN50/GT11 web UI, under SETTINGS, HEADEND SYSTEM MANAGEMENT, all units in the local
Ethernet network are listed. To add or remove members of a group, click Edit, and select or deselect
group members clicking in their respected tic-boxes. Confirm/save by clicking the yellow tick .
Extensive information about HE System Management and HE Groups is given in 6.

4. Connecting to the Chameleons, and IP addresses


Chameleons in a GN50 rack can be reached via the Management port of the GN50. The Management
port of GT11 is the bottom port marked Mgm.

Connect to the Chameleons via the system modules list


The system modules list is a drop-down list at the top of the UI. To go to the web UI of a Chameleon in
the GN50, click on the system modules list box and select the module you would like to manage.

Modules in the system modules list are listed by their name (the Name stated in Module Identification
under SETTINGS). If no name is configured, the modules are listed by their serial number. When installed
in a GN50, the placement (slot) of the Chameleon in the GN50 is indicated.

The modules that are shown in the System modules list are:
- All modules installed in this GN50 base unit
- All modules that are members of the same HE System Management group as the GN50

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2.4 Configuring Chameleons in GN50


Management and configuration of Chameleons via the system modules list
After connecting to a Chameleon via the system modules list, all settings and configuration follows exactly
the web UI you use when connecting directly to a Chameleon that is not installed in a GN50. Please refer
to the Chameleon Manual and Installation Guide for further details about Chameleon configuration and
management.

For Chameleons in GN50, the


The Default management interface is always using VLAN ID 1, Network Interface settings allow
connected to the Management port of GN50. you to stream in/out to any
Streaming port, or internally
between Chameleons.

With the factory configuration VLAN settings, VLAN ID 2, 3, 4, and 5 are used for Streaming port 1, 2, 3
and 4. Any Chameleon receiving streaming from or transmitting streaming to one of the Streaming ports
must have a Network interface with VLAN enabled and VLAN ID set to correspond to the Streaming port
used.

For internal streaming between Chameleons in the same GN50, VLAN ID 10 should be used. IP traffic
using VLAN ID 10 will not appear on any of the Streaming ports.

Please note that the GT11 switch can be set to any general switch configuration, the settings described
above relates to the factory configuration settings adapted to the most frequent applications. The VLAN
settings are described in detail in 7.

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3 The wisiconnect.tv portal


Portal URL: http://wisiconnect.tv
Connect to the portal using the URL: http://wisiconnect.tv.

Login to the wisiconnect.tv.


Enter your e-mail address and password, and click Login. If you have forgotten your password,
click the Forgot password? link, and an e-mail will be sent to the entered e-mail address. The
e-mail contains a hyper-link that you should follow to confirm the request for a new password.

Requesting access to the wisiconnect.tv portal


If you do not have a password for access to the portal, please click the Register link and fill in
the required fields.

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4 Registering the GN50 & downloading SW options


Register units at the wisiconnect.tv portal
After login, and clicking the Register tab, enter the serial number of
your GN50 and select your distributor in the drop-down list. Optionally,
also enter Module name, Installation site, and Description (these fields
are intended for your own use, to be able to track and maintain your
installed base). Information about SLA End date and SW options are
entered automatically.

Click the Register button to register the GN50.

Downloading SW options (entitlement file) to your


computer
Go to the tab My Units, and click the serial number for the module to download SW options
(entitlement file) for. Click Download entitlement. Save the file to your computer.

Uploading SW options (entitlement file) to your GN50


Via the GN50 web UI

Under Settings / Software and Entitlement Upgrade, browse for the entitlement file you previously
downloaded to your computer. Click Upload, and reboot the module when the upload is ready.

Using the IP Supporter

With the GN50 connected to your computer, and your computer connected to Internet, you can upload
the entitlement file directly. Select your GN50, and check the box for Entitlement from
A2B server, and click Upload.

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5 Upgrading Instructions

Very important!
If your current SW version is older than SW2.0, upgrading to
SW version 2.0.4 has to go via SW version 1.1.2

You must have a valid SLA


You must first upgrade to SW1.1.2

Upgrading process to SW2.0.4 from SW2.0 or SW2.0.1

Make sure that your GN50 is registered at wisiconnect.tv, see 4

Check that you have a valid SLA in your GN50

Upload SW2.0.4 in your GN50, and Reboot

Upgrading process to SW2.0.4 from older SW versions

Make sure that your GN50 is registered at wisiconnect.tv, see 4

Download the entitlement file for your GN50 to your computer, and upload it to your GN50

Check that you have a valid SLA in your GN50

Upload SW1.1.2 in your GN50

After Reboot, upload SW2.0.4 in your GN50

If you are in any doubt about the upgrading process, please contact the Support.

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6 Headend System Management and Groups


Headend system management is the menu under SETTINGS where you manage the Headend Groups.
For brevity, the notations HE System Management and HE Groups will be used.

6.1 The HE Group concept


HE Groups are used to enable communication between modules that are group members. Any GN50 or
Chameleon in the same local network can be included in the same group, and there is no specific setting
in the modules to allow inclusion or exclusion to/from a HE group. As a consequence, setting up a HE
group can be done from any module. For more information about requirements for a local network, see
6.1.3.
The HE Group settings done in one
The functionality of the HE Group is to allow sharing of PSI/SI to Chameleon or GN50 will automatically
create DVB Network-wide PSI/SI, and for Chameleons not installed be propagated to update the HE Group
in the GN50 to be included in the System UI. settings for all modules in the group.

6.1.1 Adding / removing modules to/from HE Groups

1. Click on the menu icon and select Edit. All modules in the local network will be listed. The modules
will be listed by their name (as set in Module Identification under Status) or by serial number if no name is
assigned.

2. To add a module, or modules, to the group, check the tic-box for this or these units. Confirm/save by
clicking the yellow tick .

To remove a module from the group, select Edit, uncheck the tic box, and click the yellow tick .

6.1.2 HE Groups for PSI/SI sharing


For creation of a DVB network-wide correct PSI/SI structure, information about PSI/SI has to be shared
between the Chameleon modules in the same DVB network. The basis for such a sharing is that the
Chameleons are interconnected via a switch (in the GN50 via the embedded GT11 switch), and that a
communication between the Chameleons is set up by adding all Chameleons to the same HE Group.

The PSI/SI sharing additionally requires that all Chameleons have the SW option GNSYMUX (system
remux). Note: For the modules in a group to set up correct PSI/SI, the Network ID must be the same for
all outgoing TS. TSID must be different for each outgoing mux within the same network (same Network
ID). For more information, please refer to the Chameleon Manual and Installation Guide.

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6.1.3 HE Groups for System UI


The user interface has a System mode that you can select at the top of the
System modules list. Information from all modules in this GN50 and all
modules included as members of the same HE Management Group as the
GN50 will be listed in the System UI that you access by selecting System
mode.

The System UI allows you to get an overview of e.g. all inputs or all outputs for the complete system.

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6.1.4 Local network requirements and System UI performance

Local networks and HE Groups


Any Chameleon, in GN50 or not, will be aware of all other Chameleons on the same local network.
Here, a local network is defined as a layer 2 LAN, i.e. a LAN where no router or gateway is needed for the
connection between the modules in the network.

SW options and base units requirements for the System UI


All modules installed in a GN50 will automatically be available in the System UI (System mode),
disregarding if they are in a HE Group or not.

Any Chameleon in a layer 2 LAN can be added to a HE Group, disregarding the base unit used. A
Chameleon that is not installed in the GN50 you connect to needs to be added to the HE Group of the
GN50 to be included in the System UI.

If the HE Group is used for system UI, the following is required:

Chameleons that are not installed in a GN50 must have the SW option GNSYSMG (system
management)

Chameleons that are installed in a GN50 automatically have the ability to share information for the
System UI.

An additional GN50 that is added to the HE Group of the GN50 you are connected to will be included in
the System UI, and the modules installed in the additional GN50 will also be included in the System UI.

When connecting several GN50 base units, or when connecting a GN50 to Chameleons in other base
units (GN40/GN01/GN20), use an external switch and connect the management ports of the GN50 base
units and the Chameleons.

HE group size and system UI performance


There are no restrictions to the number of Chameleons you can add to a HE Group. However, if large
number of modules, or large number of services are to be handled, the rendering of the web pages
showing e.g. all services in the HE Group will become more time consuming. This will mainly be noticed
in the Services view of Service Management. If your system contains large number of services, please
allow some time for the rendering of all services in the Services view of Service Management.

In this context, a large HE Group for System UI is a group with more than 20 Chameleons.

If large systems are used for system UI, the performance of the system UI will be enhanced by using the
Google Chrome web browser on your computer.

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7 Managing the GN50

7.1 Connecting to the GT11 in the GN50: 192.168.0.11


Connect your computer to the Management port of the GT11. Start your web browser, and connect to
the GT11 web server by entering 192.168.0.11 in the address field of the browser. Make sure the
network interface you are using on your computer has an IP address in the same address range as the
GT11.

With the SW version 2.0.4 for GT11 in the GN50, the user interface for GN50 is aligned with the
Chameleon user interface for FW version 2.3. The GN50 user interface has the same structure as the
Chameleon user interface, but given the differences in functionality of the GN50 as a switch, the top
entries are STATUS, SWITCH, MODULES and SETTINGS.

7.2 GN50 slots and GT11 switch ports


Slot indications vs. physical slots
The physical slots in GN50 are numbered from 1 to 10, starting from left for a rear view of the
GN50.
Slot 10
Slot 9
Slot 6
Slot 1

Slot 3

Slot 8
Slot 2

Slot 4

Slot 7
Slot 5

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GT11 switch ports vs. physical connectors/connections


The GT11 switch has 16 ports. 5 ports, the management port and the Streaming port 1 to Streaming port
4, are connected to the RJ45 connectors at the rear of the GN50. The ports Slot 1 to Slot 10 are
connected via the backplane to physical slots in the GN50. The GT11 CPU port is connected to the GT11
processor. The port names indicated in the picture below are used in the SWITCH view settings, see
3.4.

Physical connectors: RJ45 at the rear of the GN50

Ports: Mgm Streaming port 1 to 4


Port: GT11 CPU
GT11 Switch

Ports: Slot 1 to Slot 10

Physical connectors: Via the backplane of the GN50

7.2.1 The GN50 network ports


The embedded switch, GT11, has 5 RJ45 GigE ports for management and streaming, Streaming port 4
accessible from the rear of the GN50: Streaming port 3

Management port (Mgm) for the connection to the UI of the GN50 and to the UI of Streaming port 2
the Chameleons. The Management port is using VLAN ID 1 in the factory Streaming port 1
configuration of the GT11 switch
Management port
The Streaming ports 1, 2, 3, 4. With the factory configuration of the GT11 switch,
you should use VLAN ID 2 for Streaming port 1, VLAN ID 3 for Streaming port 2,
VLAB ID 4 for Streaming port 3 and VLAN ID 5 for Streaming port 4.

Internal streaming between Chameleons in a GN50 should use VLAN ID 10,

The VLAN ID settings are made in the Networking menu under


SETTINGS in the Chameleon module, or in the VLAN menu under For internal streaming between
SWITCH in the GN50. Chameleons in a GN50, select the
VLAN ID 10.

The VLAN settings are described in detail in 7.4.1.

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7.3 The GN50 STATUS view


7.3.1 General
The General part of the STATUS view gives basic information about the GT11 module. Under MODULE
IDENTIFICATION, the serial number and the HW revision is given. The Name, Location and Description
fields are editable text fields where you can enter information by clicking the menu icon and select
Edit. If there is an entry in the Name field, this name will automatically be used in the system modules list
in the top bar, see more about this in
8, System UI.

Running SW version and enabled SW


options and are shown under
CONFIGURATION.

The STATUS window gives you the


uptime since last booting, and the
GT11 module temperature.

The SERVICE LICENSE AGREEMENT


(SLA) states if the GT11 is registered at
wisiconnect.tv and the expiry date for
the SLA.

7.3.2 PSU & fan monitoring


The PSU & fan monitoring part of the STATUS view gives information about the power supply unit(s) and
the fans in the fan bay.

The Left PSU and/or Right PSU state the name and serial number for the If a single PSU is used, N/A is
PSU units, the PSU voltage, current and temperature. The hardware displayed for all parameters for
the missing PSU.
revision and the software version are indicated.

For the fan bay, name, serial number,


operation time (uptime since last power-
up), the hardware revision and the
software version is shown.

For each fan, the fan speed is shown.

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7.4 The SWITCH view overview of switch settings


The SWITCH view has 4 different sub menus; VLAN, Ports, Port Monitor and IGMP. In the VLAN sub
menu, VLAN IDs, IGMP querier status, IGMP querier IP and IGMP snooping status are managed at the
top level. Clicking Reset in the VLAN sub menu will revert to factory configuration. The Ports sub menu
lists the switch ports, and the multicast flooding status for each port. The Port monitor sub menu gives bit
rates for all ports, and the IGMP sub menu is used for IGMP snooping and querier settings.

7.4.1 VLAN

The VLAN settings are used for routing IP traffic correctly to and from the Chameleon modules installed in
the GN50. VLAN configuration of the GT11 follows the generic settings you would expect for a switch.
Further information about advanced VLAN settings, see 7.5.

For the VLAN settings, there is a factory configuration that is adapted to common use cases for the
GN50. The factory configuration will be set, or re-set, by clicking the Reset button. The factory
configuration has 6 VLANs defined with VLAN ID 1 for Management, VLAN ID 2 to 5 for Streaming
(external streaming) and VLAN ID 10 for internal streaming.

The top level menus allow configuration of name (except the Management VLAN), IGMP QUERIER
mode, IGMP querier IP and IGMP SNOOPING ON/OFF.
VLAN IDs cannot be configured, if other VLAN IDs are required, you can create a new VLAN.

Factory configuration VLAN settings


The factory configuration will set all VLAN querier modes to Off, except for the Internal Streaming VLAN
10. Internal Streaming VLAN 10 has querier mode Forced, which means that for this VLAN there is a
standard querier for IGMP snooping for IP traffic internally between Chameleons.

The IGMP Snooping is ON for all VLANs except the Management VLAN. IGMP Snooping ON enables
Multicast filtering, IGMP Snooping OFF disables Multicast filtering, and the VLAN becomes Multicast
flooded.

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Managing Network Interfaces via the VLAN sub-menu


For each VLAN, you can navigate (expand/collapse) menu entries using the arrows in front of a menu:

Click the to expand a menu and show the sub menus


Click the to collapse a menu and hide the sub-menus

Under <NAME> / Interfaces, you will find a list of all Network


Interfaces for all modules in the backplane configured for this
VLAN ID.

You can add Network Interfaces to any Chameleon installed in your GN50 by expanding the Interfaces
sub-menu, click the menu icon and select the Chameleon you want to add a network interface to.

To remove a Network interfaces from a Chameleon, click the menu icon for this specific network
interface, and select Remove.

The ADD NEW INTERFACE menu that appears after selecting Add interface is the same as in the menu
in NETWORKING for any individual unit in the system, except that the VLAN ID is fixed.

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7.4.2 Ports
In the Ports sub menu of the SWITCH, the Multicast Flooding is managed. Multicast flooding is used to
override Multicast filtering on a port when IGMP snooping is enabled.

Flood Multicast ON can be used e.g. for the Streaming ports to enable the output streaming even if no
external IGMP signalling is used.

The Multicast flooding ON will set Multicast flooding for all VLANs on that port.

7.4.3 Port monitor


The Port monitor sub-menu in the Switch menu gives you information about the received and transmitted
bit rates for the embedded GT11 switch. Please note that a port receiving bit rate corresponds to a
Chameleon in this slot transmitting this bit rate, and vice versa.

The bit rates indicated are average bit rates over approximately 5 seconds. Please note that these bit
rates are not exact, and should be used as an indication. You cannot expect precise measurements of
the bit rates from these values.

Traffic between the GT11 switch and the GT11 CPU


Management traffic to/from external hosts

Internal IP traffic
(between the GT11 switch and the Chameleons)

External IP traffic
(from external sources to the GT11 switch,
from the GT11 switch to external hosts)

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Indicated bit rates

Port Receiving Transmitting


GT11 CPU Traffic from the GT11 CPU to Traffic to the GT11 CPU from
the switch CPU port the switch

Management Traffic to the Management port Traffic from the Management


from external sources port to external receivers

Slot 1 to Slot 10 Traffic from the Chameleons Traffic to the Chameleons

Streaming port 1 to 4 Traffic from external sources Traffic from the streaming
ports

7.4.4 IGMP Querier settings


The IGMP sub menu of the Switch menu contains settings for IGMP Snooping and for the IGMP Querier.
The IGMP Querier settings are global for all VLANs. The IGMP version 1 or IGMP version 2 can be
selected in the drop-down list for Version.

The settings in the picture below are the factory configuration values. You can revert to this default
configuration by clicking the menu icon and select Reset. For most use cases, the factory
configuration values can be used. The Robustness and Query interval can be adapted to the IGMP
settings of the network the switch is connected to.

For further information about the IGMP settings, please refer to the SWITCH advanced settings in 7.5.

7.5 The SWITCH view advanced settings


The GT11 switch in GN50 has a factory configuration adapted for normal To reset the switch settings to
the factory configuration, click
applications in the GN50 headend environment. The Reset buttons in the the Reset button for VLAN and
VLAN sub menu and the Reset in the IGMP sub menu will restore the IGMP.
factory settings.

The GT11 switch in GN50 can be configured to any switch settings, where VLAN IDs, port
tagging/membership, Multicast flooding etc. can be controlled. IGMP querier status
(OFF/FORCED/AUTO) and IGMP snooping (ON/OFF), as well as IGMP settings for IGMP version,
robustness, intervals, query counts and response time.

The advanced switch settings will not be covered in depth in this user manual, and if you need to use the
advanced settings in your application, you are recommended to contact Support and consult general
information about switch configurations. Two specific use cases, for cascading management between 2
GN50 and for adding a VLAN for tagged external traffic, will be described below in 7.5.4.

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7.5.1 Add a VLAN

In the VLAN sub menu, click the Add VLAN button. Enter a name and a VLAN ID. Set the IGMP querier
and snooping status. Confirm/save by clicking the yellow tick .

7.5.2 Setting tagging/member status for switch ports

In the VLAN sub menu, expand a VLAN and its ports


by clicking the to the left of the menu lines. Set the
TAGGING for each port. Confirm/save by clicking the
yellow tick .

In the example to the right, the tagging/member


status for the factory configuration for VLAN ID 2
(Streaming 1) is shown. The interpretation of the
settings is:

The Management and CPU ports are Not members


(there will be no traffic to/from these ports via VLAN
ID 2).

Slot 1 to Slot 10 (the ports connecting to


Chameleons via the backplane) use tagged traffic
with VLAN ID = 2.

Streaming port 1 is set up for receiving/transmitting


Untagged traffic (streaming out and in via Streaming
port 1 to/from external sources will be untagged)

Streaming port 2 to Streaming port 4 are Not


members (no traffic with VLAN ID 2 will reach these
ports).

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7.5.3 IGMP settings

In the VLAN sub menu, IGMP querier status (OFF/FORCED/AUTO), IGMP querier IP and IGMP
snooping (ON/OFF) is set.

IGMP Querier mode

IGMP Querier OFF: the GT11 switch will not act as IGMP querier for this VLAN

IGMP Querier FORCED: the GT11 switch will act as IGMP querier for this VLAN, until another querier
with a lower IP address is detected.

IGMP Querier AUTO: the GT11 switch will only become a querier if no other querier is detected, and
will stop acting as a querier if another querier is detected.

IGMP Querier IP

In the Switch menu, VLAN sub-menu, you can enter an IGMP querier IP. The IP address entered here is
used as the IGMP querier source address.

In IGMP mode Forced and Auto, it is required to have a valid IGMP querier source IP address for correct
functionality negotiation. Please note that the entered IGMP querier IP address is only uses as a querier
source address, there is no network interface etc. created.

IGMP Snooping mode


IGMP snooping is the process of listening to IGMP network traffic. IGMP snooping ON allows the switch
to listen in on the IGMP conversation between hosts and routers. Multicast streams may be filtered from
the links which do not need them and thus controls which ports receive specific multicast traffic. IGMP
snooping OFF will flood Multicast traffic.

IGMP Querier settings


In the IGMP sub menu, there are general settings for the IGMP functionality. The IGMP version should be
selected to reflect the capability of other units in the network. IGMPv2 improves over IGMPv1 by adding
the ability for a host to signal desire to leave a Multicast group.

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Version: Select IGMP version 1 or IGMP version 2.

Robustness: The robustness variable is a way of indicating how susceptible the subnet is to lost
packets. The robustness variable should be set to a value of 2 or greater. The default robustness value is
2.

Query Interval (s): The amount of time in seconds between IGMP General Query messages sent by the
router (if the router is the querier on this subnet). The default query interval is 125 seconds.

Startup Query Interval (s): The amount of time in seconds between successive General Query
messages sent by a querier during startup. The default startup query interval is 31 seconds.

Startup Query Count: The number of general query messages sent at startup. The default startup query
count is 20.

Last Member Query Interval (s): The amount of time in seconds that the IGMP router waits to receive a
response to a Group-Specific Query message. The last member query interval is also the amount of time
in seconds between successive Group-Specific Query messages. The default last member query interval
is 0.1 seconds.

Last Member Query Count: The number of Group-Specific Query messages sent before the router
assumes that there are no members of the host group being queried on this interface. The default last
member query count is 2.

Response Time (s): The maximum amount of time in seconds that the IGMP router waits to receive a
response to a General Query message. The default response time is 2 seconds and must be less than
the query interval.

7.5.4 Switch use cases, standard and advanced

Streaming in/out via the Streaming ports (factory configuration)


In the factory configuration, the GN50 external ports are configured for:

the connection to the UI of the GN50 and to the UI of the Chameleons (Management port).

streaming to and from the Chameleons (Streaming ports 1, 2, 3 and 4).

The 5 external ports are divided into 5 VLANs internally. The Management port use VLAN ID 1, the
Streaming ports use VLAN IDs 2, 3, 4 and 5.

Additionally there is a VLAN ID 10 for internal streaming between


Chameleons in a GN50. Streaming between Chameleons in a GN50 using
VLAN ID 10 will not be present at any of the external ports.

Chameleon slots in the GN50 are by default (when using factory


configuration) members of all streaming VLANs. When you connect an
external switch to any of the external streaming ports of GN50, all slots (with
Chameleon modules) can receive the streaming from (or stream to) the
external switch if the Chameleon module has a streaming network interface
for the corresponding VLAN. To the right, the port assignment for the VLAN
Streaming 1 is shown.

The port Streaming port 1 is member of the VLAN Streaming 1, and


receive/transmit untagged traffic from an external switch/router.
The ports Slot 1 to Slot 10 are members of the VLAN Streaming 1, and
use tagged traffic internally.
The ports Streaming port 2 to Streaming port 4 are not members.
The GT11 CPU port and the Management port are not members.

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When using the factory configuration of the switch, you select which port to stream to, or to receive
streaming from, by creating a network interface in the Chameleon with a corresponding VLAN ID. Since
all the backplane ports Slot 1 to Slot 10 are members of all VLANs, it does not matter in which slot
your Chameleon is installed.

Example: setting up a Chameleon in Slot 4 for streaming via the external port Streaming port 2

1. In the VLAN tab of the Switch menu, expand Streaming 2 and Interfaces by clicking the in front of
the menu lines

2. Click the menu icon and select Add interface in the pop-
up menu.

3. Select the Chameleon you want to add an interface to.

4. Enter a name and the networking details, select Streaming


ON. (The VLAN ID is automatically set to 3, which is the VLAN
ID for the VLAN Streaming 2).

5. Confirm/save by clicking the yellow tick .

You can also configure a network interface for the Chameleon


module in the SETTINGS/Networking menu, please refer to the
Chameleon User Manual for further information.

Cascading management between multiple GN50

If you want to connect to several GN50 without using an external switch, you can re-configure the switch
settings to use one of the Streaming ports for management traffic. This is done in 2 steps; remove the
factory configured VLAN for the streaming port, and add this port to the Management VLAN. In the
example below, the settings are made to use the physical port Streaming 4 for management traffic to
another GN50.

1. Remove the VLAN with the name Streaming 4 by clicking the menu icon for this VLAN, and select
Remove in the pop-up menu.

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2. Expand the Management VLAN, and its Ports


by clicking the in front of the menu lines

3. Click the menu icon at the end of the


expanded Port menu line, and select Edit in the
pop-up menu

4. For Streaming port 4, set it as member of the


Management VLAN by selecting Untagged.

5. Confirm/save by clicking the yellow tick .

Please note the difference between the VLAN


with the name Streaming 4, and the port name
Streaming port 4. The Streaming port 4 refers
to the physical port (and cannot be removed),
whereas the VLAN Streaming 4 is a VLAN
defined by its configuration. As a consequence,
you can remove the VLAN Streaming 4, and
select to let the physical Streaming port 4 use
the Management VLAN.

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Creating a VLAN for tagged external traffic

For receiving tagged external traffic, you create a new VLAN, and connect ports to this VLAN. Since this
VLAN is for external tagged streaming, a Streaming port and the Slots (Chameleons) that should use this
streaming should be connected

Add a VLAN

1. In the VLAN tab of the SWITCH menu, click Add VLAN

2. Enter a name for the VLAN

3. Set the VLAN ID, select the IGMP Querier mode and the IGMP Snooping. IGMP Querier is needed
only if there is no external querier in your network

4. Select the IGMP Querier mode and set the IGMP Snooping (ON or OFF)

5. Confirm/save by clicking the yellow tick .

Connect ports

1. Expand your added VLAN, and its Ports by


clicking the in front of the menu lines

2. Click the menu icon and select Edit in the


pop-up menu

3. For the ports that should use the streaming on this


VLAN, set them as members by selecting Tagged. In
this example, Streaming port 1 and Slot 7 are
selected.

4. Confirm/save by clicking the yellow tick .

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7.6 The GN50 MODULES view


In the GN50 Modules view, automatic configuration (re-configuration), configuration back-up and N+1
redundancy is managed.

The general purpose of the automatic configuration functionality is to be able to replace a module without
having to configure is manually.

The automatic configuration will take care of saving backup files of the modules on a per slot basis.
Replacing a module in a slot, with automatic configuration enabled, will upload the configuration stored in
the GN50 to the new replacement module. The configuration of the new module will be overwritten with
the last stored configuration of the old module in that slot.

The N+1 redundancy functionality allows defining redundancy groups, The N+1 redundancy
and back-up modules for the redundancy groups. If a module in a functionality requires the SW
redundancy group fails, the N+1 redundancy functionality will upload the option GNNRED for the GT11.
configuration of the failing module to the back-up module.

7.6.1 Slot/Module information and pop-up menus


The lower part of the Modules menu contain information about the slots and the inserted modules. For
each slot, the module type (PRODUCT), the module name (MODULE) and date/time for the last backup
stored to the GT11 is given. If N+1 redundancy is set up, the N+1 GROUP column states to which
redundancy group the module belongs, and if it is set as reserve (backup) module.

The STATUS column has 3 main states: Off (module not present), Module running and Off (module
present).

To the right, clicking the menu icon will display the pop-up menus for each slot. The pop-up menus
are used for Reboot, Power (On, Off), Configuration (Backup, Remove backup, Restore, Factory reset)
and Redundancy (Set as operational for N+1 Group, Set as backup for N+1 group, Remove from group)

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Slot/Module pop-up menus


The Reboot and Power (On, Off) pop-up menus are self-explanatory.

Under Configuration, you can manually backup a module


(Chameleon) configuration to the GT11, or restore a
configuration that is stored in the GT11. If the backup stored in
the GT11 should not be used, you can select to remove this
backup. The last menu item under Configuration allows you to
make a Factory reset of the module installed in this slot.

The menu selections from the Redundancy allows assigning the module to a redundancy group, or set it
as backup in a redundancy group, or remove the module from a redundancy group. The Redundancy
functionality and settings will be further described in 7.6.3.

7.6.2 Automatic configuration


For simpler description of the automatic configuration functionality, the acronym SC (for Slot
Configuration) is used as a term for describing a configuration stored in the GT11 for a slot. Similarly, the
acronym CC (Chameleon configuration) is used for the current configuration in a Chameleon.

Automatic configuration Off


When the automatic configuration is disabled, no new SC will be stored automatically in
the GT11. SCs can be stored, or removed, manually via the pop-up menus in the lower
part of the MODULES view, and SCs can exist in GT11 from (manual or automatic)
previous back-ups. Note that an SC can be available even though no module is present.

When setting up and configuring a system of Chameleons in GN50 with the Automatic
configuration disabled, no SCs are automatically stored to the GT11, and you can
exchange modules or change slot placing without risking an SC to be uploaded to the
Chameleon module from the GT11 by mistake.

Also, if you have configured a Chameleon module before inserting it to the Note: Make a manual back-up
GN50, the Automatic configuration Off will enable you to keep the pre- of your Chameleon before
configured settings. Please note that you should make a manual back-up of switching on Automatic
the configuration of the inserted pre-configured Chameleon before configuration ON.
switching Auto configuration to On.

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Automatic configuration On

The Automatic configuration (AutoConfig) is switched On by clicking the menu icon and select Edit,
set the configuration to ON, and save by clicking the yellow tick .

Since switching the AutoConfig to On risks overwriting the configurations you have done in the
Chameleons, you should always make a manual backup for each slot where you want to remain with the
current configuration.

The automatic configuration conceptually has a sync mode and a running mode. The sync mode is
launched when the configuration status is invalid, i.e. if the SC does not exist in the GT11 or if the SC in
GT11 does differs from the configuration of the Chameleon module in this slot. The purpose of the sync
mode is to be able to go to running mode. In the running mode the GT11 has a valid SC, and the
Chameleon in this slot has the same configuration.

Both the sync mode and the running mode are working on a per slot basis.

Events and resulting actions


The table below describes Events, Results and Actions for changes during AutoConfig On (or when
switching on AutoConfig).

Event Result Action


Chameleon module reboot No action
Insert new Chameleon / power up new Restore SC from GT11 to
CC invalid
Chameleon Chameleon
Backup CC from Chameleon to
Change Chameleon configuration SC invalid
GT11
If SC exist: Restore SC from GT11 to
Chameleon
Switch Autoconfig from Off to On Enter sync mode
If no SC exist: Backup CC from
Chameleon to GT11
If SC exist: Restore SC from GT11 to
Chameleon
GT11 reboot Enter sync mode
If no SC exist: Backup CC from
Chameleon to GT11

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7.6.3 N+1 redundancy


The N+1 Redundancy menu is used for setting up N+1 redundancy Note that a redundancy group can
groups, and assigning Chameleons as operational or backup for contain more than one operational
the groups. Both operational Chameleons and the backup Chameleon, and the backup
Chameleon in a redundancy group
Chameleons are on-line, so to avoid disturbance in e.g. RF out, the will take over the function of any
backup Chameleon must be configured manually to not have outputs failing operational Chameleon in
coinciding with any of the operational Chameleons. For N+1 the group.
redundancy, each redundancy group must contain at least one
operational Chameleon and one reserve Chameleon. The maximum number of redundancy groups is 5.

The N+1 redundancy functionality requires the GT11 to have the GNNRED SW option.

The N+1 Redundancy menu


The N+1 Redundancy menu has 6 columns; SLOT, PRODUCT, MODULE, LAST BACKUP, N+1 GROUP
and STATUS.

SLOT: Indicates the GN50 slot number


PRODUCT: Gives information about the product type
MODULE: The name of a module as entered in the Module Identification at the Status of each module
(if no name is entered, the module serial number will be displayed)
LAST BACKUP: Date and time for last (automatic or manual) backup of the module configuration from
the module to the GT11. Please note that correct time stamping for LAST BACKUP presumes that the
GT11 has correct DATE AND TIME settings, see 7.7.3.
N+1 GROUP: If a module is member of a redundancy group, the group id is shown. If a module is
running as N+1 backup, this will be indicated
STATUS: Giving module status such as if the module is running or if no module is present

Setting up a redundancy group (N+1 GROUP)


1. Set Redundancy to On

2. Assign one or several modules as operational for an N+1 group (see below)

3. Assign one module as backup for the same N+1 group (see below)

Assigning Chameleons to redundancy groups


To set up a working redundancy group, at least 2 Chameleons should be used, one as operational and
one as backup.

Set a Chameleon as operational for a redundancy group


1. Assign the Chameleon you want to use as operational to a group by clicking the
menu icon and select Redundancy

2. Click on Set as operational for N+1 Group

3. Select the group the Chameleon should belong to

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Set a Chameleon as backup for a redundancy group

1. Set the Chameleon you want to use as reserve in a redundancy group by clicking the menu icon
and select Redundancy

2. Click on Set as backup for N+1 Group

3. Select the group in which this Chameleon should act as backup

4. A warning message will alert you that setting a Chameleon as a


reserve will reset all settings.

Removing a Chameleon from a redundancy group

Click the menu icon , click Redundancy and select Remove from group.

Below the indication for an operational module (Adele) in slot 1, and a backup module (Beowulf) in slot 2
for N+1 GROUP 3.

Important note: Check module STATUS


For the N+1 Redundancy to work correctly, the modules in the N+1 group must have the status Module
running. Please make sure that the System interface (in NETWORKING under Settings) is not disabled
for any Chameleon module.

Please note that the status Module running (failed com.) or Communication failed does not imply
automatically that the module is not running and working correctly. This status indication refers to the
GT11 not being able to communicate correctly with the module.

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Redundancy switching criteria and switch over process


The criteria for switching to a backup Chameleon in a group is that one operational Chameleon in the
group has a failure and does not start, or starts in rescue mode. Please note that after a fail-over, the
recovery process is requires user intervention. There is no automatic recovery.

For each defined redundancy group, the configurations of the


operational Chameleons must be available in the GT11. When a Note: If the Auto configuration is
redundancy switching is triggered, the configuration of the failing Off, you have to make a manual
Chameleon is uploaded to the backup Chameleon from the GT11. back-up of the backup
Chameleon.
Hence, if AutoConfig is disabled, you have to save the configuration
of the backup Chameleon manually (see 7.6.1). With the AutoConfig
enabled, the GT11 will save configurations of all running modules automatically.

N+1 fail-over and fail over indication in the menu


When a module in a redundancy group has failed, and the backup is operational, there will be a warning
red exclamation mark for the failing module, and a blue info for the backup module. The power will
be turned off for the failing module. The mouse-over information for the blue will give information about
which module it is working as a backup for (Taken over failed module in slot 3!)

Configuration change of a backup module (Auto-config on)


If you change the configuration of a backup module when it has taken over the functionality of a failing
module, the updated configuration will automatically be saved also for the operational slot. Hence,
configuration changes done for the backup module will be restored to the operational module once it is re-
installed.

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Recovery after fail-over


Please note that the GT11 will not try to recover automatically after a fail-over. The recovery process is
initiated by replacing and power up the failing module; hence a user intervention will be required before
the recovery process starts.

To recover after fail-over, replace the failing module with a new module (please check that it has the
same SW options available), or with the same module (if it is working correctly). When a working module
is inserted, it will be detected and set to status Off (module present).

1. Replace the failing module

2. When status is Off (module present), click the menu icon and select Power > and On.
Confirm by clicking YES in the Caution! pop-up.

3. If the replacing module is OK, the module status will go to Module running, but there will still be
a warning red exclamation with the mouse-over info Module failed. This warning is to mark that
the module has not yet taken the role as operational for this N+1 group.

4. To complete the recovery process (restoring the status for the failed module to operational), click
the menu icon and select Configuration > and Restore. Confirm by clicking YES in the
Caution! pop-up.

5. After the failed module has been powered up and restored, it will be set as operational. The
backup module will be restored with its original configuration.

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7.7 The GN50 SETTINGS view


Under SETTINGS, you will find the menus for management of the GT11 module:

Networking
Headend system management
Date and time
SNMP
Software and entitlement upgrade
Maintenance
Log

The Networking settings handle the management of IP network For further information about
interfaces for the GT11. network settings for the streaming
ports of GT11, please refer to 7.4.
Under Headend System Management, you manage groups of
modules. Modules included in the same group can share PSI/SI information to be able to create correct
DVB network-wide PSI/SI structure and content

Information about the Headend System Management can be found in 6.

The Date and Time menu allows you to connect to time reference sources for GT11, see 7.7.3.

SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) settings are managed in the SNMP menu.

In the Software and Entitlement Upgrade, you can upload SW files and entitlement files enabling SLA and
SW options for GT11.

The Maintenance menu allows you to trigger a SW reboot of the GT11.

The Log menu displays log information.

7.7.1 Networking: GN50 management interface


The Networking menu handles the settings for the management interfaces for the GT11. All IP traffic
for GT11 management is via the Management port, marked green in the picture to the right.

There is always a default management interface, and the default IP address for this interface is
192.168.0.11

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Adding/editing DNS (Domain Name Server)


You can add IP addresses to a primary and a secondary DNS, enabling connection for e.g. an NTP
server by a host name instead of an IP address.

1. Click on NETWORKING in the Settings tab


Additional information about DNS
2. Click the menu icon and select Edit in the DNS part of the can be found in the Appendix.
menu
3. Enter the IP address of the Primary (and Secondary) DNS
4. Save by clicking the yellow tick .

Editing the GT11 management interface


Additional information about DHCP
1. Go to SETTINGS can be found in the Appendix.

2. Click on NETWORKING
3. Click on in front Management port Further information about network
settings for the streaming ports of
4. Click the for Default management GT11, please refer to 7.4.

5. Click the for Settings


6. Set the IPv4 address, the Netmask and the Gateway address, or use DHCP
7. Confirm/save by clicking the yellow tick .

7.7.2 GN50 Headend System Management


Headend System Management is for managing groups of modules.
For more information about Headend
Modules in a Headend System Management group can share PSI/SI System Management, please refer to
information to create correct DVB network-wide PSI/SI. 6.

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7.7.3 GN50 Date and Time


The DATE AND TIME menu allows you to connect the GN50 to an NTP server for establishing a valid
UTC time reference. The time reference is used for logging and for time stamping of backup files.

The connection to an NTP server requires Internet connection to the GN50. Note that host names can be
used if the GN50 is connected to a DNS. If no DNS is defined, please use the IP address of the NTP
server.

7.7.4 GN50 SNMP settings

SNMP, Simple Network Management Protocol


SNMP can be used for alarms (traps/notifications) or to read (Get) or write (Set) information from/to a
GN50.

To use SNMP, you need an NMS (Network Management System) that is connected to the GN50.

SNMP versions supported


In the current implementation, SNMP v1 and SNMP v2c is supported.

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SNMP settings

Enable agent: for turning the SNMP agent in GN50 ON/OFF


Agent port: UDP listen port (161 is the standard port used)
Agent community read string: a password that has to be set in the NMS. The standard default
string is public.
Agent community write string: a password that has to be set in the NMS. The standard default
string is private.
Enable traps: for turning ON/OFF the alarm functionality Please contact Support for
information about the MIB, MIB
Traps SNMP Version: Version 1 or version 2c structure and NMS integration.
Traps Community string: a password. This should be stated in the
NMS. Default standard: public
Traps address: destination address of the NMS receiving the traps
Traps port: destination port of the NMS receiving the traps

Supported SNMP traps in SW2.0.4 for GN50

SNMP traps for fan and PSU SNMP traps for slots

Fan bay present Slot plugged in (Unit inserted)


Fan bay failure Slot plugged out (Unit removed)
PSU present Slot failed
PSU failed Slot back to normal
PSU back to normal Redundancy failover
PSU external voltage failure Redundancy re-store
PSU current failure
PSU temperature failure
PSU temperature back to normal

7.7.5 GN50 Software and entitlement upgrade


Both software and SW options (entitlement) files are uploaded via the SOFTWARE AND ENTITLEMENT
UPGRADE in the Settings tab.

Uploading software or entitlement files


1. Click UPLOAD. Click Browse in the pop-up, and select the software file or the entitlement file
(<serial>.ent) to be uploaded from your computer
2. Click the Upload button
3. After upload complete message, reboot the module

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7.7.6 GN50 Maintenance

Reboot
Some operations, such as upgrading the software, require a reboot. Click the
Reboot button to reboot the unit. During the rebooting process, Rebooting will be
shown.

7.7.7 GN50 Log


The Log contains information about rebooting and failures/exceptions. You can also enable Syslog for
logging more information. If the GN50 has access to a time reference, the log entries are time stamped.

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8 System UI System mode

8.1 General about System mode and System UI


The System mode in the system UI
The System mode is a single UI for management and
configuration of all modules in the same HE group. To
access the System mode, select the System mode in
the drop-down list of the system modules list.
Information about settings for all modules in the group is
displayed in a unified view that has the same menu
entries as the individual UIs:

STATUS, INPUTS, OUTPUTS, SERVICE MANAGEMENT and SETTINGS.

The system modules list and HE groups


In the top bar of the UI of GN50 you will find a drop-down list called the system modules list. This list will
automatically contain all modules installed in the GN50 you are connected to, and all external
Chameleons that are included in the HE Group, see 6. The UI of any individual module (Chameleon or
GN50) can be accessed by selecting the module (by name, or by serial number) in the list. For
information about managing the GN50 via its UI, please refer to 7 in this User Manual. For information
about managing Chameleons in their individual UI, please refer to the Chameleon Manual and Installation
Guide.

To access the System UI, you connect to a GN50 by entering the IP address of the GN50 in the address
field of your browser (see 2.3). The module you have accessed directly via its IP address is marked with
a , in the picture below the Rut (GT11).

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8.2 STATUS in System mode
In the STATUS menu of the System mode, all modules in the GN50 and all modules in the HE Group are
listed. There are columns for MODULE (Module name or serial), CHASSIS, SW, UPTIME, TEMP and
STATE. Modules that do not have a name will be listed with the serial number.

Expanding an entry line for a module in the Status list by clicking the leading will give you all
information from this modules Status menu in a condensed format.

Please note that the entries in these condensed status views are read-only. However, by clicking the
menu icon you can navigate directly to the different parts of the individual UI of this specific module.

Module menu entries in the Status view of the system mode


The different parts of the UI of an individual module, Status, Inputs, Outputs, Service Management and
Settings, can be accessed directly via clicking the edit arrow tailing the module listing in the Status view of
the system UI and selecting the menu of interest.

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State and warning messages


In the State column, a module that has an erroneous setting, or a configuration that is giving a warning
message in its individual UI, is marked with a red exclamation mark . The red warning exclamation
icon has hover functionality, and placing the mouse pointer over the icon gives you detailed information
about the error in the individual module in a Required Action Summary pop-up.

The warnings in the Required Actions Summary pop-up are links


To return to the system UI, you can use
directly to the part of the individual module UI where the warning the back function in your browser.
originates. Click on the warning message to go directly to module
where to rectify the problem.

By clicking the menu icon , you will also be given an indication from which part of the individual
modules UI the inconsistencies stem.

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8.3 INPUTS & OUTPUTS in System mode


8.3.1 System mode inputs
The System Mode INPUTS menu shows inputs for all modules. You can list the inputs based on the slot
the module is inserted in, or listed by the inputs.

In the slot based listing, you can access the inputs for the module in a specific slot by clicking the in
front of the Slot. For each input, you get access to the same information as if you go to the UI of the
module, and input settings can be edited directly in the System mode view by clicking on the value or
selecting Edit via the pop-up menu for Settings.

With the Inputs based listing you get access to the same information, and you can edit the settings in
the same way. The information about which module an input belongs to is shown with the mouse-over
information.

For further information about configuration of inputs, please refer to the Chameleon User Manual and
Installation Guide.

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8.3.2 System mode Outputs


The System Mode OUTPUTS menu shows outputs for all modules. You can list the outputs based on the
slot the module is inserted in, or listed by the outputs.

In the slot based listing, you can access the outputs for the module in a specific slot by clicking the
in front of the Slot. For each output, you get access to the same information as if you go to the UI of the
module, and output settings can be edited directly in the System mode view by clicking on the Value or
selecting Edit via the pop-up menu for Settings.

With the Outputs based listing you get access to the same information, and you can edit the settings in
the same way. The information about which module an output belongs to is shown with the mouse-over
information.

For further information about configuration of outputs, please refer to the Chameleon User Manual and
Installation Guide.

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8.4 SERVICE MANAGEMENT in System mode


Service management functionality and pre-requisites
The SERVICE MANAGEMENT tab is the main view for handling remultiplexing, service selection,
decryption, encryption and PID management. The inputs and outputs of the Chameleon modules must be
configured before using Service Management please refer to the Chameleon Manual and Installation
Guide.

Service Management - left part for Inputs, right part for Outputs
The Service management has 2 main parts. The left part for information about inputs; Modules, Inputs,
Services. The right part for information about the outputs; Modules, Outputs, Transport streams, Services.
You can select to show information about Modules, Inputs/Outputs or Services by clicking the tabs at the
top of the 2 main views.

In the Modules view, the listings are based on the physical Chameleons
In the Inputs view, the listing is based on the configured inputs
In the Outputs view, the listing is based on the configured outputs
In the Transport streams view, the listing is based on the configured output transport streams
The Services views list all incoming/outgoing services

Please note that the selection of views (Modules, Inputs/Outputs or Services) is independent for the input
side and the output side. You can select e.g. to have the Modules view for the inputs, and the Services
view for the outputs.

Information about modules, inputs/outputs, services and PIDs /streams can be accessed in any view, and
the view you select to work with will depend on what you want to check or configure. The Service
Management is used for selecting services from inputs to outputs, and managing PIDs/streams and
PSI/SI tables and descriptors.

System mode Service Management


The Service Management in System mode is identical to Service Management for the individual modules,
apart from the Modules listings for the Inputs and Outputs. For detailed information about System
Management, please refer to the Chameleon User Manual.

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9 GN50 streaming interfaces

9.1 Ports and port capacity


Port assignment and internal streaming
The embedded switch, GT11, has 5 RJ45 GigE ports for management and streaming, accessible
from the rear of the GN50:

Management port (Mgm) for the connection to the UI of the GN50 and to the UI of the
Chameleons

The Streaming ports 1, 2, 3, 4. With the factory configuration of the GT11 switch, you should
use VLAN ID 2 for Streaming port 1, VLAN ID 3 for Streaming port 2, VLAB ID 4 for Streaming
port 3 and VLAN ID 5 for Streaming port 4.

Bitrate limitations

Bit rate per streaming port < 1 Gbit/s

Bit rate per Chameleon backplane slot < 1 Gbit/s

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9.2 Connecting the GN50 to your IP network
Tagged/untagged IP traffic and VLAN
With the factory configuration of the switch, traffic to and from the GN50 is expected to be untagged, both
for the Management port and for the Streaming ports 1-4. VLAN tagged traffic is used internally for traffic
between the GT11 switch and the Chameleons. This includes internal streaming between Chameleons
in a GN50, since all streaming is routed through the GT11 switch.

The GT11 switch can be set to other configurations, such as using VLAN tagged traffic for external
streaming. A brief description of the advanced settings for the GT11 switch is given in 7.5. Please
contact Wisi Support for additional information, or consult general information about switch configuration.

The GT11 switch can be reset to factory configuration with the Reset buttons in the VLAN sub menu and
in the IGMP sub menu.

IP streaming traffic Multicast and Unicast


The configuration of the GT11 allows Multicast and Unicast streaming both internally and externally.

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Design rules for connecting GN50 to an IP network


Do NOT connect the Management port to the same LAN/VLAN as any of the other ports (port 1, port 2,
port 3, and port 4).

The diagram below gives an example for a configuration following the design rules above.

LAN 1 LAN 2 LAN 3 LAN 4

Physical port Mgm Port 1 Port 2 Port 3 Port 4

VLAN id 1 2 3 4 5

Slot 10
Slot 7

Slot 9
Slot 1

Slot 2

Slot 4

Slot 5

Slot 8
Slot

Slot
3

Internal streaming VLAN ID 10

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10 Safety and installation notes please observe


Caution
The mains voltage must match the rated input voltage of the unit (230 VAC).

Connecting cable - Lay the cable so that no-one can trip over it.
Lay the cable with a downward loop so that any water condensing on it can drip on the
floor instead of running into the unit.

Selecting the installation location


Excessive temperatures will reduce the operating lifetime of the unit. Dont install the
unit directly above or in the vicinity of radiators or heating systems where it would be
subjected to thermal radiation or oil vapours.

Moisture
Water dripping or splashing onto the unit will damage it. If there is condensation on the
unit, wait until this has evaporated before switching
the unit on.

Caution danger!
In accordance with EN 60728-1, the satellite antenna system must comply with the safety
requirements with respect to grounding, potential equalisation, etc.

Service work
Service work may be carried out only by qualified personnel. Always disconnect the supply voltage
before starting any such work.

Ambient temperature Not greater than 50 C.

Thunderstorms
Avoid carrying out service work on the antenna system during thunderstorms.

Caution danger!
Fuses may be replaced only by qualified personnel. Only fuses of the same type and rating may
be used.

Batteries
Do not throw exhausted batteries in the garbage. They must be disposed of separately.

All of our packing materials (cardboard boxes, packing notes, plastic films and plastic bags)
can be recycled.

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Appendix
Domain Name System (DNS)
The Domain Name System (DNS) is an application layer protocol. It is used to convert a computers
host name into an IP address on the Internet. For example, if a computer needs to communicate
with the web server example.net, your computer needs the IP address of the web server example.
net. It is the job of the DNS to convert the host name to the IP address of the web server.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)


The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, is a protocol related to computers and networks of
computers. It is referred to as DHCP for short. It was made so that computers could connect to
other computers (on a network) automatically. To be able to access the Internet (or any computer
network), an IP address is needed. DHCP allows for this IP address to be obtained automatically.
Other data, like a DNS Nameserver, or a time server can also be obtained that way.

Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)


Internet Group Management Protocol or IGMP is a network protocol used to manage the
membership of IP multicast groups. IGMP is used by IP nodes and adjacent multicast routers to
establish membership (s) in multicast groups. It is an essential part of IP multicast specification
and similar to ICMPs function in normal IP connections. IGMP can be used for one-to-many
networking applications such as online streaming video and gaming, and allows more efficient
use of resources when supporting these types of applications.

Network Time Protocol (NTP)


The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a protocol for distributing the Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC) by synchronizing the clocks of computer systems over IP networks. No information about
time zones or daylight saving time is transmitted; this information is outside its scope and must
be obtained separately.
NTP is one of the oldest Internet Protocols still in use (since before 1985) and uses UDP port 123.
IGMPv2 improves over IGMPv1 by adding the ability for a host to signal desire to leave a multicast
group. IGMPv3 improves over IGMPv2 mainly by adding the ability to listen to multicast originating
from a set of source IP addresses only.

Local area networks


A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area
such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building using network media. The defining
characteristics of LANs, in contrast to wide area networks (WANs), include their usually higher
data-transfer rates, smaller geographic area, and lack of a need for leased telecommunication
lines.
Layer 2 LAN is a local area network where no router or gateway is required to interconnect devices
in the network.

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Private networks
In the Internet addressing architecture, a private network is a network that uses private IP address
space. These addresses are commonly used for home, office, and enterprise local area networks
(LANs), when globally routable addresses are not mandatory, or are not available for the intended
network applications.. If such a private network needs to connect to the Internet, it must use
either a network address translator (NAT) gateway, or a proxy server.

VLAN (Virtual LAN)


In computer networking, a single layer-2 network may be partitioned to create multiple distinct
broadcast domains, which are mutually isolated so that packets can only pass between them via
one or more routers; such a domain is referred to as a Virtual Local Area Network, Virtual LAN or
VLAN.

This is usually achieved on switch or router devices. Simpler devices only support partitioning
on a port level (if at all), so sharing VLANs across devices requires running dedicated cabling
for each VLAN. More sophisticated devices can mark packets through tagging, so that a single
interconnect (trunk) may be used to transport data for various VLANs.

Grouping hosts with a common set of requirements regardless of their physical location by VLAN
can greatly simplify network design. A VLAN has the same attributes as a physical local area
network (LAN), but it allows for end stations to be grouped together more easily even if they
are not on the same network switch. VLAN membership can be configured through software
instead of physically relocating devices or connections. Most enterprise-level networks today use
the concept of virtual LANs. Without VLANs, a switch considers all interfaces on the switch to be
in the same broadcast domain.

To physically replicate the functions of a VLAN would require a separate, parallel collection of
network cables and equipment separate from the primary network. However, unlike physically
separate networks, VLANs share bandwidth, so VLAN trunks may require aggregated links and/or
quality of service priorization

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