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ESTIMATION OF SAFE VERTICAL LOAD CAPACITY OF PILE FOR NORMAL CONDITION

SYMBOLS & NOTATIONS :

Resistance due to Skin Friction :

  • D = stem diameter

Asi = surface area of pile stem for the ith layer

g

PDi

=

=

effective unit weight of soil for the layer considered effective overburden pressure at the center of ith layer

K = coefficient of earth pressure for the layer considered

  • d angle of wall friction between pile & soil for the layer considered c = average cohesion for the layer considered reduction factor as per note 1 of following clauses :- Clause A-2.1 of appendix A of IS:2911(Part I / Sec 1)-1979 for Driven Piles Clause B-2.1 of appendix B of IS:2911(Part I / Sec 2)-1979 for Bored Piles

=

a

=

Resistance due to End Bearing :

D

= stem diameter

Ap = cross-sectional area of pile toe

g

=

effective unit weight of soil at pile toe

PD

=

effective overburden pressure at pile toe

Cp

=

average cohesion at pile tip

INPUT DATA :

Ground Level

=

400.000

m

GWT Level a/c to Geotech-survey

387.000

m

Cut Off Level Of pile=

397.700

m

GWT Level Assumed

392.000

m

Found. level of pile

=

364.700

m

Diameter of pile, D

=

1.2

m

( for calculating end bearing resistance )

Diameter of pile, D

=

1.2

m

( for calculating max. overburden press.)

Allow. depth corres. to max. overburden press.=

15

times pile diameter

[Please refer note 5 below cl. A-1.1 of Appendix A of IS:2911(Part I / Sec 1)-1979 and / or note 5 below clause B-1.1 of Appendix B of IS:2911(Part I / Sec 2)-1979]

ESTIMATION OF SAFE VERTICAL LOAD CAPACITY OF PILE FOR NORMAL CONDITION SYMBOLS & NOTATIONS : Resistance

Effective unit weight at pile toe, g = Average cohesion at pile toe, Cp =

  • 0.95 Ton / Cum Ton / sqm =

0

Factor of safety for calculating working capacity of pile

Bearing Capacity Factors :

2.5

Effective unit weight at pile toe, g = Average cohesion at pile toe, Cp = 0.95

As per Cl. 709.3.2 of IRC 78:2000

 

Ng =

16.5

Nq =

16.71

At the toe of the pile

 

Please do not change

Nc

=

9

anything here

Note: Type zero value of Ng & Nq in case of cohesive soil and type zero value of Nc in case of sandy soil.

 

Layer

Level at Bot-

Effective

 

Earth Press.

Reduction

Diameter

Depth from

PDi at Bottom

Type

tom of Layer

Unit Wt.,g

Stength Parameters d (=F)

c

Coeff. , K

Factor , a

of Pile, D

Ground Level

of the Layer

1

398.000

1.62

  • 27.00 0.00

   

0.00

  • 1.00 1.200

-0.30

-0.49

2

397.000

1.78

  • 27.00 0.00

0.40

  • 1.00 1.200

0.70

1.29

3

395.500

1.80

  • 28.00 0.00

0.40

  • 1.00 1.200

2.20

3.99

4

394.000

1.70

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

3.70

6.54

5

392.000

1.80

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

5.70

10.14

6

391.300

0.91

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

6.40

10.78

7

391.000

0.95

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

6.70

11.07

8

389.500

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

8.20

12.57

9

388.500

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

9.20

13.57

10

388.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

9.70

14.07

11

387.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

10.70

15.07

12

385.100

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

12.60

16.97

13

385.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.09

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

12.70

17.07

14

384.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.09

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

13.70

18.07

15

383.500

1.00

  • 28.00 0.09

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

14.20

18.57

16

382.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

15.70

20.07

17

380.500

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

17.20

21.57

18

379.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

18.00

22.37

19

378.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

18.00

22.37

20

377.500

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

18.00

22.37

21

376.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

18.00

22.37

22

375.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

18.00

22.37

23

365.000

1.00

  • 28.00 0.00

0.30

  • 1.00 1.200

18.00

22.37

Type '-' sign in the abse- nce of the layer
Type '-' sign
in the abse-
nce of the
layer

OUTPUT :

Type zero in the absence of the layer

Ground Level

=

400.000

m

Cut off Level of Pile

=

397.700

m

Found. Level of Pile =

364.700

m

Diameter of pile

=

1.200

m

Depth of pile toe from

35.300

m

ground level

=

h =

Length of Pile

=

33.000

m

=

29.42

Which is more than

15

m

Ratio of h / d Therefore ,

Depth corresponding to maximum allowable overburden pressure

=

18

m

Level corresponding

to maximum allowable overburden pressure =

 

382.000 m

(1) Resitance Due to Skin Friction :

Layer

Level at Bot-

Depth

Effective

PDi at cen-

Earth Press.

 

Reduction

Cohesion

Surf. Area

Type

tom of Layer

of Layer

Unit Wt., g

ter of layer

Coeff. , K

tan d

Factor , a

c

Asi

1

398.000

-0.300

 
  • 1.62 1.00

-0.24

 

0.510

  • 0.00 0.00

 

-1.13

2

397.000

  • 1.000 0.40

  • 1.78 1.00

0.510

  • 0.40 0.00

3.77

3

395.500

  • 1.500 2.64

  • 1.80 1.00

0.532

  • 0.40 0.00

5.66

4

394.000

  • 1.500 5.27

  • 1.70 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

5.66

5

392.000

  • 2.000 8.34

  • 1.80 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

7.54

6

391.300

  • 0.700 10.46

  • 0.91 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

2.64

7

391.000

  • 0.300 10.92

  • 0.95 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

1.13

8

389.500

  • 1.500 11.82

  • 1.00 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

5.66

9

388.500

  • 1.000 13.07

  • 1.00 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

3.77

10

388.000

  • 0.500 13.82

  • 1.00 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

1.89

11

387.000

  • 1.000 14.57

  • 1.00 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

3.77

12

385.100

  • 1.900 16.02

  • 1.00 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

7.17

13

385.000

  • 0.100 17.02

  • 1.00 1.00

0.532

  • 0.30 0.00

0.38

 
  • 14 384.000

1.000

 

1.00

 
  • 17.57 0.532

1.00

 
  • 0.30 0.00

 

3.77

  • 15 383.500

0.500

1.00

  • 18.32 0.532

1.00

  • 0.30 0.00

1.89

  • 16 382.000

1.500

1.00

  • 19.32 0.532

1.00

  • 0.30 0.00

5.66

  • 17 380.500

1.500

1.00

  • 20.82 0.532

1.00

  • 0.30 0.00

5.66

  • 18 379.000

1.500

1.00

  • 22.32 0.532

1.00

  • 0.30 0.00

5.66

  • 19 378.000

1.000

1.00

  • 22.37 0.532

1.00

  • 0.30 0.00

3.77

  • 20 377.500

0.500

1.00

  • 22.37 0.532

1.00

  • 0.30 0.00

1.89

  • 21 376.000

1.500

1.00

  • 22.37 0.532

1.00

  • 0.30 0.00

5.66

  • 22 375.000

1.000

1.00

  • 22.37 0.532

1.00

  • 0.30 0.00

3.77

  • 23 365.000

10.000

1.00

  • 22.37 0.532

1.00

  • 0.30 0.00

37.71

 

Total resistance due to skin friction =

1119

tons

(2) Resitance Due to End Bearing :

 

Diameter of pile, D

=

 

=

1.2

m

Cross-sec.area of pile toe, Ap

 

1.131

m^2

Eff. unit wt.of soil at pile toe, g

=

0.95

Eff. overburden at pile toe, PD =

22.37

Average cohesion at pile toe, Cp =

0.00

Ng

=

16.5

Nq

=

16.71

Nc

=

9

Qu1 = Ap*(0.5*D*g*Ng + PD*Nq) =

 

433

tons

Qu2 = Ap*Nc*Cp

=

0

tons

Total resistance due to end bearing =

433

tons

(3) Capacity of Pile :

 

Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Pile =

 

1552

tons

Factor of Safety

 

=

2.5

Working Capacity of Pile

=

621

tons