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ESTIMATION OF SAFE VERTICAL LOAD CAPACITY OF PILE FOR NORMAL CONDITION

SYMBOLS & NOTATIONS :

Resistance due to Skin Friction :

• D = stem diameter

Asi = surface area of pile stem for the ith layer

g

PDi

=

=

effective unit weight of soil for the layer considered effective overburden pressure at the center of ith layer

K = coefficient of earth pressure for the layer considered

• d angle of wall friction between pile & soil for the layer considered c = average cohesion for the layer considered reduction factor as per note 1 of following clauses :- Clause A-2.1 of appendix A of IS:2911(Part I / Sec 1)-1979 for Driven Piles Clause B-2.1 of appendix B of IS:2911(Part I / Sec 2)-1979 for Bored Piles

=

a

=

Resistance due to End Bearing :

 D = stem diameter Ap = cross-sectional area of pile toe g = effective unit weight of soil at pile toe PD = effective overburden pressure at pile toe Cp = average cohesion at pile tip

INPUT DATA :

 Ground Level = 400 m GWT Level a/c to Geotech-survey 387.000 m Cut Off Level Of pile= 397.7 m GWT Level Assumed 392.000 m Found. level of pile = 364.7 m Diameter of pile, D = 1.2 m ( for calculating end bearing resistance ) Diameter of pile, D = 1.2 m ( for calculating max. overburden press.)

Allow. depth corres. to max. overburden press.=

15

times pile diameter

[Please refer note 5 below cl. A-1.1 of Appendix A of IS:2911(Part I / Sec 1)-1979 and / or note 5 below clause B-1.1 of Appendix B of IS:2911(Part I / Sec 2)-1979]

Effective unit weight at pile toe, g = Average cohesion at pile toe, Cp =

• 0.95 Ton / Cum Ton / sqm =

0

Factor of safety for calculating working capacity of pile

Bearing Capacity Factors :

2.5

As per Cl. 709.3.2 of IRC 78:2000

 Ng = 16.5 Nq = 16.71 At the toe of the pile Please do not change Nc = 9 anything here Note: Type zero value of Ng & Nq in case of cohesive soil and type zero value of Nc in case of sandy soil. Layer Level at Bot- Effective Earth Press. Reduction Diameter Depth from PDi at Bottom Type tom of Layer Unit Wt.,g Stength Parameters d (=F) c Coeff. , K Factor , a of Pile, D Ground Level of the Layer 1 398.000 1.62 27.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.200 -0.30 -0.49 2 397.000 1.78 27.00 0.00 0.40 1.00 1.200 0.70 1.29 3 395.500 1.80 28.00 0.00 0.40 1.00 1.200 2.20 3.99 4 394.000 1.70 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 3.70 6.54 5 392.000 1.80 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 5.70 10.14 6 391.300 0.91 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 6.40 10.78 7 391.000 0.95 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 6.70 11.07 8 389.500 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 8.20 12.57 9 388.500 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 9.20 13.57 10 388.000 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 9.70 14.07 11 387.000 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 10.70 15.07 12 385.100 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 12.60 16.97 13 385.000 1.00 28.00 0.09 0.30 1.00 1.200 12.70 17.07 14 384.000 1.00 28.00 0.09 0.30 1.00 1.200 13.70 18.07 15 383.500 1.00 28.00 0.09 0.30 1.00 1.200 14.20 18.57 16 382.000 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 15.70 20.07 17 380.500 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 17.20 21.57 18 379.000 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 18.00 22.37 19 378.000 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 18.00 22.37 20 377.500 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 18.00 22.37 21 376.000 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 18.00 22.37 22 375.000 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 18.00 22.37 23 365.000 1.00 28.00 0.00 0.30 1.00 1.200 18.00 22.37
Type '-' sign
in the abse-
nce of the
layer

OUTPUT :

Type zero in the absence of the layer

 Ground Level = 400.000 m Cut off Level of Pile = 397.700 m Found. Level of Pile = 364.700 m Diameter of pile = 1.200 m Depth of pile toe from 35.300 m ground level = h = Length of Pile = 33.000 m = 29.42 Which is more than 15 m Ratio of h / d Therefore , Depth corresponding to maximum allowable overburden pressure = 18 m Level corresponding to maximum allowable overburden pressure = 382.000 m

(1) Resitance Due to Skin Friction :

 Layer Level at Bot- Depth Effective PDi at cen- Earth Press. Reduction Cohesion Surf. Area Type tom of Layer of Layer Unit Wt., g ter of layer Coeff. , K tan d Factor , a c Asi 1 398.000 -0.300 1.62 1.00 -0.24 0.510 0.00 0.00 -1.13 2 397.000 1.000 0.40 1.78 1.00 0.510 0.40 0.00 3.77 3 395.500 1.500 2.64 1.80 1.00 0.532 0.40 0.00 5.66 4 394.000 1.500 5.27 1.70 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 5.66 5 392.000 2.000 8.34 1.80 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 7.54 6 391.300 0.700 10.46 0.91 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 2.64 7 391.000 0.300 10.92 0.95 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 1.13 8 389.500 1.500 11.82 1.00 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 5.66 9 388.500 1.000 13.07 1.00 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 3.77 10 388.000 0.500 13.82 1.00 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 1.89 11 387.000 1.000 14.57 1.00 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 3.77 12 385.100 1.900 16.02 1.00 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 7.17 13 385.000 0.100 17.02 1.00 1.00 0.532 0.30 0.00 0.38
 14 384.000 1.000 1.00 17.57 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 3.77 15 383.500 0.500 1.00 18.32 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 1.89 16 382.000 1.500 1.00 19.32 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 5.66 17 380.500 1.500 1.00 20.82 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 5.66 18 379.000 1.500 1.00 22.32 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 5.66 19 378.000 1.000 1.00 22.37 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 3.77 20 377.500 0.500 1.00 22.37 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 1.89 21 376.000 1.500 1.00 22.37 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 5.66 22 375.000 1.000 1.00 22.37 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 3.77 23 365.000 10.000 1.00 22.37 0.532 1.00 0.30 0.00 37.71 Total resistance due to skin friction = 1119 tons (2) Resitance Due to End Bearing : Diameter of pile, D = = 1.2 m Cross-sec.area of pile toe, Ap 1.131 m^2 Eff. unit wt.of soil at pile toe, g = 0.95 Eff. overburden at pile toe, PD = 22.37 Average cohesion at pile toe, Cp = 0.00 Ng = 16.5 Nq = 16.71 Nc = 9 Qu1 = Ap*(0.5*D*g*Ng + PD*Nq) = 433 tons Qu2 = Ap*Nc*Cp = 0 tons Total resistance due to end bearing = 433 tons (3) Capacity of Pile : Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Pile = 1552 tons Factor of Safety = 2.5 Working Capacity of Pile = 621 tons