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NICD

Network International Cooperation


in Conflicts and Disasters Ausgabe II-2010

news
왎 Afghanistan Konfliktsensibilität Großgeschrieben +++ 왎 Bolivien Die Herausforderung von Konflikttransformation in Zeiten
politischer und sozialer Umbruche +++ 왎 Indonesien ‘There’s always too much security until the day when there wasn’t enough’ –
Sicherheit fur Indonesien’s Tourismusindustrie +++ 왎 Süd-Sudan Friedensentwicklung und Konfliktbearbeitung auf lokaler Ebene im
Süd-Sudan – Frieden beginnt zu Hause +++ 왎 Sri Lanka Resolving Sri Lanka's conflicts in class – Learning English
Sri Lanka Krisenprävention /Friedensentwicklung

Resolving Sri Lanka’s conflicts


in class – Learning English
Tuesday February 9th, British „Guardian Weekly“

An education project funded by the German


Liebe Mitglieder government is trying to help communities di-
des Netzwerkes, vided by civil war to express mutual respect
and understanding in a new language. Psyche
Die Vorbereitungen der Netzwerk Kennett, the project's coordinator, explains
Vollversammlung werden immer how this kind of English language training
can reduce
konkreter und viele neue Entwick-
The war may be over in Sri Lanka but the issues behind the conflict remain unresolved.
lungen und Ereignisse haben sich in
Language is one of them. In the aftermath of the fighting victims of conflict, military
und um unserer Vorhaben herum authorities, civil servants and international relief agencies are struggling to restore services
entwickelt. Tagungen und Work- and keep food distribution and de-mining on track. The soldiers don’t speak Tamil, the
shops stehen an oder wurden durch- refugees don’t speak Sinhala and the doctors from Médecins sans Frontières don’t speak
gefuhrt, neue Publikationen sind either language. They communicate in English.
erschienen und vieles mehr. In the past English was considered divisive. The Sinhalese called it kaduwa – the sword
Ich freue mich, dass so viele von that cut between the classes. But English continues to be used as the language of ma-
Ihnen wieder zu dem guten Gelin- nagement in public service and of international aid, and people in Sri Lanka still want
gen des Newsletter bei-getragen to learn it.
Recognising this fact, the Trincomalee-based Performance Improvement Project (PIP),
haben, bedanke mich bei allen flei-
funded by the German government and implemented by German Technical Coopera-
ßigen Beitragsschreiber/innen und
tion (GTZ), works with the Northern and Eastern Provincial Councils to encourage
wunsche viel Spaß bei der Lekture. English as a link language and a tool for -conflict transformation. “It may seem unusual
Falls einmal ein Link aus irgend- that the Germans are funding English,” said Walter Keller, GTZ’s senior adviser to the
welchen Grunden nicht funktionie- project, “but the German-English cooperation mirrors the Sinhala-Tamil cooperation
ren sollte, wenden Sie sich gerne an we want to promote through our Steps programme.” Steps stands for Skills Through
mich. Auch fur alle weiteren English for Public Servants, a suite of courses from post-elementary to lower-advanced
Ruckfragen stehe ich Ihnen gerne that GTZ has designed and contracted the British Council to deliver. As a content and
zur Verfugung.

Mit herzlichen Grußen


Lena Koch Neues aus dem Netzwerk Fachteam Krisenprävention/
Netzwerkassistenz 3 NICD Vollversammlung 2010 Friedensentwicklung

Aus den Projekten


Fachübergreifende
5 Resolving Sri Lanka's conflicts in class –
Themen und Meldungen Learning English
3 Aktuelle Strategiepapiere, Publikationen 6 Fotoworkshops in dem Grenzgebiet zwi-
und Berichte schen Kolumbien und Venezuela
4 Veranstaltungen und Fortbildungen 7 Addis Group for Peace and Security
4 Neue ubersektorale Kennungen 7 Bolivien – Die Herausforderung von
fur die Angebotserstellung Konflikttransformation in Zeiten
4 Das BMZ hat zwei neue ubersektorale politischer und sozialer Umbruche
Kennungen vorgegeben ("Anpassung an
den Klimawandel" und "Klimawandel, Themen in der Zentrale
Minderung von Treibhausgasen"), 8 Linking Practice to Policy: practical
die seit 1. April in Neuvorhaben responses to conflict
Bitte senden Sie Ihre Beiträge für die nächste berucksichtigt werden mussen.
Ausgabe des network update, die im Mai er- Link zu Leitfäden 8 Wissen was wirkt: Unabhängige
scheinen wird, bis zum 10.08.2010 an Evaluierungen im Bereich Friedens-
nicd@gtz.de 4 World Bank Open Up Its Data entwicklung und Krisenprävention
Learning English Lankan allows them to create a neutral
space in the classroom – that’s key to con
under the carpet. The course designers
used a progression from conflict at home
flict resolution. People need to feel safe if and between men and women, to conflict
language integrated learning (Clil) pro-
they are going to discuss the conflict. The with neighbours and in the work place, to
gramme, it combines good governance
atmosphere has to be non-judgmental and armed conflict and the rehabilitation of
and development topics with skills in cri-
the teacher needs to be a skilled facilitator child soldiers.
tical thinking, cross cultural communica-
to ensure the participants’ beliefs and ex- “It was really important not to make the
tion, conflict resolution and English.
perience are heard and respected.” material too confrontational or heavy-
“Critical thinking is at the core of it,” said
This approach has resulted in the growth going,” said editor-in-chief, Jill Knight.
Keller. “We want government and non-
of informal networks between participants “The last thing we wanted was to have
government staff to gain confidence in
who have followed the course. A 2008 im- them coming out of class feeling depressed
finding ways of achieving equity and di-
pact study showed 36% were still using or disempowered.”
versity in a deeply divided society and un-
their network contacts and their English,
derstanding the value of dissent.” Steps
works towards removing traditional bar-
more than a year after their courses had fi-
nished, to solve problems between depart-
Learning English
riers within a largely hierarchical, senio-
ments and to communicate between
rity-based management system. A An on-going storyline based on conflict in
Sinhalese and Tamil speaking organisati-
placement test is used to group partici- the workplace at a fictional NGO looks at
ons. But addressing conflict trans-forma-
pants according to their English language miscommunication between national and
tion is a delicate business. During the war
needs alone. This throws together people international staff. Through this, partici-
years many people were reluctant to talk
from diverse backgrounds – from Sinhala, pants deal with cross-cultural conflict in a
about the violence and now that it’s over
Tamil and Muslim communities, rural more dramatised, light-hearted way. A
there is pressure to sweep difficult issues
and urban districts, central and devolved short film, The Slipper, about children
government and from different age
groups. English works as a connector, en-
couraging people who would never nor-
mally meet to sit down and share ideas in
an environment that inspires them to
work together towards a more tolerant
and diverse society.
“Using British Council teachers to deliver
the course isn’t only about their metho- Dies ist ein Blind-
text Dies ist ein
dology and native -English language Blindtext Dies ist
ein Blindtext Dies
skills,” Duncan Wilson, deputy director ist ein Blindtext
of the British Council Sri Lanka, adds. Dies ist ein Blind

“The very fact that our teachers are not Sri

Fachteam Entwicklungsorientierte 15 Schutz von Wegen, Livelihood und Fachteam Katastrophenvorsorge


Not- und Übergangshilfe Grundstucken
Aus den Projekten
Aus den Projekten 15 Muros de llantas para proteger caminos, 17 ‘There’s always too much security until
viviendas y terrenos/ para que sirve the day when there wasn’t enough’ –
9 Friedensentwicklung und Konfliktbear-
Sicherheit fur Indonesien’s Tourismus-
beitung auf lokaler Ebene im Sud-Sudan 15 Monitoring in Guatemala vom Förder-
industrie
– Frieden beginnt zu Hause bereich „Wiederherstellung der land-
10 The Context of Agricultural Develop-
und forstwirtschaftlichen Produktions- 18 Post Disaster Needs Assessment
grundlagen“ (PDNA) nach dem Erdbeben in Haiti
ment in Afghanistan from a German
Perspective 15 Crónica de una visita a la Gestión del 20 30 Minutes in the City of Padang
Riesgo
12 Praxisnah lernen – in Mazar-e-Sharif hat
21 The BHA Tsunami Early Warning
im Februar 2010 ein Workshop zum
Themen in der Zentrale Service: Fast, reliable and targeted infor-
Thema Ernährungssicherung stattgefun-
mation for Balis’ Hotel Industry
den 15 EuropeAid erstellt Studie zu Ernäh-
rungssicherung und Social Transfers
13 GTZ Afghanistan: Konfliktsensibilität Themen in der Zentrale
Großgeschrieben 16 Scaling up Nutrition: A new framework 22 Informationsreise einer Delegation
for action to address undernutrition armenischer Experten der Katastrophen-
14 Die Entwicklungsorientierte Not-
vorsorge in Deutschland
und Übergangshilfe im PCA Prozess – 16 Orientierung an Wirkung –
Ein Workshopbericht aus Badakhshan Eine unendliche Geschichte?
Sri Lanka Krisenprävention /Friedensentwicklung

Resolving
Sri Lanka’s
conflicts in class –
learning English
An education project funded by the
German government is trying to
help communities divided by civil
war to express mutual respect and
understanding in a new language.
Psyche Kennett, the project's coor-
dinator, explains how this kind of
English language training can re-
duce hostility.
Termath of the fighting
language of management in public service
and of international aid, and people in Sri
Lanka still want to learn it.language of
management in public service and of in-
victims of conflict, military
authorities, civil servants

ternational aid, and people in Sri Lanka
still want to learn it.
Recognising this fact, the Trincomalee-
based Performance Improvement Project
(PIP), funded by the German government
„ and international relief agencies
are struggling to restore services.

and implemented by German Technical and urban districts, central and devolved and between men and women, to conflict
Cooperation (GTZ), works with the government and from different age with neighbours and in the work place, to
Northern and Eastern Provincial Councils groups. English works as a connector, en- armed conflict and the rehabilitation of
to encourage English as a link language couraging people who would never nor- child soldiers.
and a tool for -conflict transformation. “It mally meet to sit down and share ideas in
may seem unusual that the Germans are an environment that inspires them to It was really important not to
funding English,” said Walter Keller, work together towards a more tolerant make the material too confrontational
GTZ’s senior adviser to the project, “but and diverse society.
the German-English cooperation mirrors “Using British Council teachers to deliver or heavy-going,” said editor-in-chief, Jill
the Sinhala-Tamil cooperation we want to the course isn’t only about their metho- Knight. “The last thing we wanted was to
promote through our Steps programme.” dology and native -English language have them coming out of class feeling de-
Steps stands for Skills Through English for skills,” Duncan Wilson, deputy director pressed or disempowered.”
Public Servants, a suite of courses from of the British Council Sri Lanka, adds. An on-going storyline based on conflict in
post-elementary to lower-advanced that “The very fact that our teachers are not Sri the workplace at a fictional NGO looks at
GTZ has designed and contracted the Bri- Lankan allows them to create a neutral miscommunication between national and
tish Council to deliver. As a content and space in the classroom – that’s key to con- international staff. Through this, partici-
language integrated learning (Clil) pro- flict resolution. People need to feel safe if pants deal with cross-cultural conflict in a
gramme, it combines good governance they are going to discuss the conflict. The more dramatised, light-hearted way. A
and development topics with skills in cri- atmosphere has to be non-judgmental and short film, The Slipper, about children
tical thinking, cross cultural communica- the teacher needs to be a skilled facilitator who step on mines, is in stark contrast.
tion, conflict resolution and English. to ensure the participants’ beliefs and ex- Produced by the NGO ScriptNet for a
perience are heard and respected.” project called Reel Peace, the change in
Critical thinking is at the This approach has resulted in the growth tone gives learners the opportunity to con-
core of it, said Keller. We want of informal networks between participants sider the media as a powerful tool for
government and non- who have followed the course. A 2008 im- peace and reconciliation. Participants also
pact study showed 36% were still using learn how to deconstruct messages in print
government staff to gain confidence in their network contacts and their English, and, using similar discursive and -persua-
finding ways of achieving equity and di- more than a year after their courses had fi- sive text types, write their own project
versity in a deeply divided society and un- nished, to solve problems between depart- proposals to international donors in a bid
derstanding the value of dissent.” Steps ments and to communicate between to capture some of the post-conflict reha-
works towards removing traditional bar- Sinhalese and Tamil speaking organisati- bilitation funds now flowing into the war-
riers within a largely hierarchical, senio- ons. But addressing conflict trans-forma- ravaged Northern Province.
rity-based management system. A place tion is a delicate business. During the war So far, more than 1,500 public servants
ment test is used to group participants ac- years many people were reluctant to talk and NGO staff working to support vulne-
cording to their English language needs about the violence and now that it’s over rable, conflict affected communities in the
alone. This throws together people from there is pressure to sweep difficult issues north and east of Sri Lanka have success-
diverse backgrounds – from Sinhala, under the carpet. The course designers fully completed at least one of the four-
Tamil and Muslim communities, rural used a progression from conflict at home week intensive courses in the Steps suite.