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GATE SOLVED PAPER Civil Engineering Highway Engineering and Surveying
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GATE SOLVED PAPER  CE
HIGHWAY ENGINEERING AND SURVEYING
YEAR 2013
ONE MARK
Q. 1
Q.
Q.
2
3
For two majorroads with divided carriage way crossing at right angle, a full clover leaf interchange with four indirect ramps is provided. Following statements are made on turning movement of vehicles to all direction from both road, identity the correct statement.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
Merging from left is not possible, but diverging to left not possible
Merging from left and diverging to left is possible
Merging from left is possible but diverging is not possible
Neither merging from left nor diverging to left is possible
It was observed that 150 vehicle crossed a particular location of highway in 30
minutes. Assume that vehicle arrival follow a negative exponential distribution.
The number of time headways greater than 5 sec. in above observation is
Select the strength parameter of concrete used in design of plain jointed cement
pavement from the following choices:
(A) Tensile strength
(C)
(B) Compressive strength
(D) Shear strength
Flexural strength
YEAR 2013
TWO MARKS
Common Data For Questions. 4 and 5 :
For a portion of highway descending gradient 1 in 25 meets an ascending gradient 1 in 20. A valley curve needs to be design at a velocity of 90 kmph based on
(i) 
Head light sight distance equal to stopping sight distance of a level terrain. Consider length of curve >SSD. 
(ii) 
Comfort condition if rate of change of acceleration is 0.5 m/s ^{3} . 
Reaction time = 2.5 sec, coefficient of longitudinal friction m = 0.35. Height of head light = 0.75 m, and beam angle = 1 c.
Q.
Q.
4
5
What is the length of valley curve as per headlight sight distance?
What is the length of valley curve (in meter) based on comfort condition?
YEAR 2012
ONE MARK
Q.
6
Two major roads with two lanes each are crossing in an urban areas to form an uncontrolled intersection. The number of conflict points when both roads are one way is “ X ” and when both roads are two way is “Y ”. The ratio of X to Y is
(A) 
0.25 
(B) 0.33 
(C) 
0.50 
(D) 0.75 
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Q. 7
Q.
Q.
8
9
Two bitumen samples “ X ” and “Y ” have softening points 45 cC and 60 cC, respectively. Consider the following statement :
I. Viscosity of “ X ” will be higher than that of “Y ” at the same temperature.
II. Penetration value of “ X ” will be lesser than that of “Y ” under standard conditions.
The CORRECT option evaluating the above statements is
(A) 
Both I and II are TRUE 
(B) 
I is FALSE and II is TRUE 
(C) 
Both I and II are FALSE 
(D) 
I is TRUE and II is FALSE 
Road roughness is measured using
(A)
(B) Bump integrator
(C)
(D)
Benkelman beam
Dynamic cone penetrometer
Falling weight deflectormeter
Which of the following errors can be eliminated by reciprocal measurements in
differential leveling ?
I.
II.
(A) Both I and II
(C) II only
Error due to earth’s curvature
Error due to atmospheric refraction
(B) I only
(D) Neither I nor II
YEAR 2012
TWO MARKS
Q. 10
Q. 11
Q. 12
A pavement designer has arrived at a design traffic of 100 million standard axles for a newly developing national highway as per IRC : 37 guidelines using
the following data : life = 15 years, commercial vehicle count before pavement construction = 4500 vehicles/day, annual traffic growth rate = 8%. The vehicle damage factor used in the calculation was
(A) 
1.53 
(B) 2.24 
(C) 
3.66 
(D) 4.14 
The following data are related to a horizontal curved portion of a two lane highway : length of curve = 200 m, radius of curve = 300 m and width of pavement = 7.5 m. In order to provide a stopping sight distance (SSD) of 80 m, the set back distance (in m) required from the centre line of the inner lane of the pavement is
(A) 
2.54 
(B) 4.55 
(C) 
7.10 
(D) 7.96 
A twolane urban road with oneway traffic has a maximum capacity of 1800 vehicles/hour. Under the jam condition, the average length occupied by the
vehicles is 5.0 m. The speed versus density relationship is linear. For a traffic volume of 1000 vehicles/hour, the density (in vehicles/km) is
(A) 
52 
(B) 58 
(C) 
67 
(D) 75 
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Q. 13
The horizontal distance between two stations P and Q is 100 m. The vertical angles from P and Q to the top of a vertical tower at T and 3 c and 5 c above horizontal, respectively. The vertical angles from P and Q to the base of the tower
are 0.1 c and 0.5 c below horizontal, respectively. Stations P , Q and the tower are in the same vertical plane with P and Q being on the same side of T . Neglecting earth’s curvature and atomspheric refraction, the height (in m) of the tower is
(A) 
6.972 
(B) 12.387 
(C) 
12.540 
(D) 128.745 
YEAR 2011
ONE MARK
Q.
Q.
Q.
Q.
14
15
16
17
The probability that k number of vehicles arrive (i.e. cross a predefined line) in
time t is given as
/ k ! , where l is the average vehicle arrival rate. What is
the probability that the time headway is greater than or equal to time t _{1} ?
^
l
k l t
h
te
l
(A) l e
t
1
(B) l e

t
1
l
(C) e
t
1
l
(D) e
t
1
A vehicle negotiates a transition curve with uniform speed v . If the radius of the
horizontal curve and the allowable jerk are R and J , respectively, the minimum
length of the transition curve is
(A)
(C) vR / J
R / vJ _{h}
^
2
3
(B) J
3
^
3
^
/ Rv
h
h
(D) v / RJ
In Marshall testing of bituminous mixes, as the bitumen content increases the
flow value
(A) remains constant
(C)
(B) decreases first and then increases
(D) increases first and then decreases
increases monotonically
Curvature correction to a staff reading in a differential leveling survey is
(A) always subtractive
(C) always additive
(B) always zero
(D) dependent on latitude
YEAR 2011
TWO MARKS
Q.
18
Q. 19
If the jam density is given as k _{j} and the free flow speed is given as u _{f} , the maximum flow for a linear traffic speed density model is given by which of the following options ?
(A)
1
k
4
3
5
j
k
j
#
#
(B)
(D)
1
k
u _{f}
u _{f}
3
2
3
j
k
j
#
#
u
f
u
f
(C)
If v is the initial speed of a vehicle, g is the gravitational acceleration, G is the upward longitudinal slope of the road and f _{r} is the coefficient of rolling friction during braking, the braking distance (measured horizontally) for the vehicle to stop is
^{(}^{A}^{)}
2
v
2
v
(B)
^
gG
+
f
r
_{h}
^
gG
2
+
f
r
h
(C)
vg
^
G
+
f
r
_{h}
(D)
vf _{r}
^
G
+
g
h
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Q. 20
Q. 21
The cumulative arrival and departure curve of one cycle of an approach lane of a signalized intersection is shown in the adjoining figure. The cycle time is 50 s and the effective red time is 30 s and the effective green time is 20 s. What is the average delay ?
(A) 15 s
(C) 35 s
(B) 25 s
(D) 45 s
The observations from a closed loop traverse around an obstacle are
Segment 
Observation from 
Length (m) 
Azimuth (clockwise 

station 
from magnetic 

north) 

PQ 
P 
Missing 
33.7500c 

QR 
Q 
300.00 
86.3847 
c 
RS 
R 
354.524 
169.3819 
c 
ST 
S 
450.000 
243.9003c 

TP 
T 
268.000 
317.5000 
c 
What is the value of the missing measurement (rounded off to the nearest 10 mm) ?
(A) 
396.86 m 
(B) 396.79 m 
(C) 
396.05 m 
(D) 396.94 m 
YEAR 2010
ONE MARK
Q.
22
Aggregate impact value indicates which one of the following property of aggregates
? 

(A) 
Durability 
(B) Toughness 
(C) 
Hardness 
(D) Strength 
Q.
23
As per IRC : 672001, a traffic sign indicating the Speed Limit on a road should be of
(A) 
circular shape with white background and red border 
(B) 
triangular shape with white background and red border 
(C) 
triangular shape with red background and white border. 
(D) 
circular shape with red background and white border 
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Q. 24
The local mean time at a place located in Longitude 90 c 40lE when the standard time is 6 hours and 30 minutes and the standard meridian is 82 c30lE is
(A) 
5 hours, 2 minutes and 40 seconds 
(B) 5 hours, 47 minutes and 20 seconds 
(C) 
6 hours and 30 minutes 
(D) 7 hours, 02 minutes and 40 seconds 
YEAR 2010
TWO MARKS
Q. 25
Consider the following statements in the context of geometric design of roads :
1. A simple parabolic curve is an acceptable shape for summit curves.
2. Comfort to passengers is an important consideration in the design of summit curves.
The correct option evaluating the above statements and their relationship is
Q. 26
Q. 27
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
1 is true, 2 is false
1 is true, 2 is true and 2 is the correct reason for 1
1 is true, 2 is true and 2 is NOT the correct reason for 1
1 is false and 2 is true
The design speed for a two lane road is 80 kmph. When a design vehicle with a
wheelbase of 6.6 m is negotiating a horizontal curve on that road, the offtracking
is measured as 0.096 m. The required widening of carriageway of the twolane
road on the curve is approximately.
(A) 0.55 m
(C) 0.75 m
(B) 0.65 m
(D) 0.85 m
Consider the following statements in the context of cement concrete pavements :
1. Warping stresses in cement concrete pavements are caused by the seasonal
variation in temperature.
2. Tie bars are generally provided across transverse joints of cement concrete
pavements.
The correct option evaluating the above statement is
Q. 28
(A) 
1 true and 2 false 
(C) 
1 true and 2 true 
(B) 1 false and 2 true
(D) 1 false and 2 false
A bench mark has been established at the soffit of an ornamental arch at the known elevation of 100.0 m above mean sea level. The back sight used to establish height of instrument is an inverted staff reading of 2.105 m. A forward sight reading with normally held staff of 1.105 m is taken on a recently constructed plinth. The elevation of the plinth is
(A) 
103.210 m 
(B) 101.000 m 
(C) 
99.000 m 
(D) 96.790 m 
YEAR 2009
ONE MARK
Q. 29
The value of lateral friction or side friction used in the design of horizontal curve as per Indian Roads Congress guidelines is
(A) 
0.40 
(B) 0.35 
(C) 
0.24 
(D) 0.15 
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Q.
Q.
30
31
During a CBR test, the load sustained by a remolded soil specimen at 5.00 penetration is 50 kg. The CBR value of the soil will be
(A) 
10.0% 
(B) 5.0% 
(C) 
3.6% 
(D) 2.4% 
In quadrantal bearing system, bearing of a line varies from
(A) 
0 c to 360 c 
(B) 
0 c to 180 c 
(C) 
0 c to 90c 
(D) 
0 c N to 90 c S 
YEAR 2009
TWO MARKS
Q. 32
Which of the flowing stress combinations are appropriate in identifying the critical
condition for the design of concrete pavements ?
Type of stress
a. Load
b. Temperature
1.
2.
3.
Location
Corner
Edge
Interior
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
(A) a2, b3
(B) a1, b3
(C) a3, b1
(D) a2, b2
Q. 33
Q. 34
Q. 35
A crest vertical curve joins two gradients of +3% and 2% for a design speed of
80 km/h and the corresponding stopping sight distance of 120 m. The height of
driver’s eye and the object above the road surface are 1.20 m 0.15 m respectively. The curve length (which is less than stopping sight distance) to be provided is
(A) 
120 m 
(B) 
152 m 
(C) 
163 m 
(D) 
240 m 
On a specific highway, the speeddensity relationship follows the Greenbegs
model [ V
respectively. When the highway is operating at capacity, the density obtained as
per this model is
(A)
v log (kk )] , where v _{f} and k _{j} are the free flew speed and jam density
=
f
ej
ek _{j}
(B) k _{j}
(C)
^{k}
j
2
(D)
k j
e
A threephase traffic signal at an intersection is designed for flows shown in the figure below. There are six groups of flows identified by the numbers 1 through 6. Among these 1, 3, 4 and 6 are through flows and 2 and 5 are right turning. Which phasing scheme is not feasible ?
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Combination choice 
Phase I 
Phase III 
Phase III 
P 
1, 4 
2, 5 
3, 6 
Q 
1, 2 
4, 5 
3, 6 
R 
2, 5 
1, 3 
4, 6 
S 
1, 4 
2, 6 
3, 5 
Q. 36
Q. 37
(A) P
(C) R
(B) Q
(D) S
The magnetic bearing of a line AB was N 59 c30' W in the year 1967, when the
declination was 4 c10' E.
bearing of the line is
(A) 299 c 20'
(C) 293c 20'
3 c W, the whole circle
If the present declination is
(B) 307 c40'
(D) 301 c40'
Consider the following statements :
Assertion (A):Curvature correction must be applied when the sights are long.
Reason (R)
line.
Of these statements
: Line of collimation is not a level line but is tangential to the level
(A) 
both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A 
(B) 
both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A 
(C) 
A is true but R is false. 
(D) 
A is false but R is true. 
YEAR 2008
ONE MARK
Q. 38
Q. 39
The specific gravity of paving bitumen as per IS:731992 lies between
(A) 
1.10 and 1.06 
(C) 
1.02 and 0.97 
(B) 1.06 and 1.02
(D) 0.97 and 0.92
A combined value of flakiness and elongation index is to be determined for a sample of aggregates. The sequence in which the two tests are conducted is
(A) 
elongation index test followed by flakiness index test on the whole sample 
(B) 
flakiness index test followed by elongation index test on the whole sample 
(C)
flakiness index test followed by elongation index test on the nonflaky aggregates
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(D) elongation index test followed by flakiness index test on nonelongated aggregates
Q.
Q.
Q.
40
41
42
The capacities of “ Oneway 1.5 m wide sidewalk (persons per hour)” and “
Oneway 2 lane urban road (PCU per hour, with no frontage access, no standing vehicles and very little cross traffic)” are respectively
(A) 
1200 and 2400 
(C) 
1200 and 1500 
(B) 1800 and 2000
(D) 2000 and 1200
The shape of the STOP sign according to IRC:672001 is
(A)
(C)
circular
octagonal
(B) triangular
(D) rectangular
The type of surveying in which the curvature of the earth is taken into account
is
called
(A)
(C)
Geodetic surveying
Preliminary surveying
(B) Plane surveying
(D) Topographical surveying
YEAR 2008
TWO MARKS
Q. 43
Q. 44
A
section as 14 m, and length of the weaving section between channelizing islands
as
PCU per hour respectively. The nearest rounded capacity of the roundabout ( in
PCU per hour) is
(A)
(C)
roundabout is provided with an average entry with of 8.4 m, width of weaving
35 m. The crossing traffic and total on the weaving section are 1000 and 2000
3300
4500
(B) 3700
(D) 5200
Design parameters for a signalized intersection are shown in the figure below. The green time calculated for major and minor roads are 34 and 18 s, respectively.
The critical lane volume on the major road changes to 440 vehicles per hour per lane and the critical lane volume on the minor road remains unchanged. The green time will
(A) 
increase for the major road and remain same for the minor road. 
(B) 
increase for the major road and decrease for the minor road. 
(C) 
decrease for both the roads. 
(D) 
remain unchanged for both the roads. 
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Q.
Q.
Q.
45 It is proposed to widen and strength and existing 2lane NH section as a divided highway. The existing traffic in one direction is 2500 commercial vehicles (CV) per day. The construction will take 1 year. The design CBR of soil subgrade is found to be 5 per cent. Given : traffic growth rate for CV = 8 per cent, vehicle damage factor = 3.5 (standard axles per CV), design life = 10 years and traffic distribution factor =0.75. The cumulative standard axles (msa) computed are
(A) 
35 
(B) 37 
(C) 
65 
(D) 70 
46 A linear relationship is observed between speed and density on a certain section of a highway. The free flow is speed is observed to be 80 km per hour and the jam density is estimated as 100 vehicles per km length. Based on the above relationship, the maximum flow expected on this section and the speed at the maximum flow will respected be
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
8000 vehicles per hour and 80 km per hour
8000 vehicles per hour and 25 km per hour
2000 vehicles per hour and 80 km per hour
2000 vehicles per hour and 40 km per hour
47 The plan of a survey plotted to a scale of 10 m to 1 cm ie reduced in such a way
that a line originally 10 cm long now measures 9 cm. The area os the reduced plan
is measured as 81 cm ^{2} . The actual area (m ) of the survey is
(A) 10000
(C) 1000
2
(B) 6561
(D) 656
Q. 48
The lengths and bearing of a closed traverse PQRSP are given below.
Line 
Length (m) 
Bearing (WCB) 

PQ 
200 
c 0 

QR 
1000 
45 
c 
RS 
907 
180 
c 
SP 
? 
? 
The missing length and bearing, respectively of the line SP are
Q. 49
(A) 
207 m and 270º 
(B) 
707 m and 270º 
(C) 
707 m and 180º 
(D) 
907 m and 270º 
The focal length of the object glass of a tacheometer is 200 mm, the distance between the vertical axis of the tacheometer and the optical centre of the object glass is 100 mm and the spacing between the upper and lower line of the diagram axis is 4 mm. With the line of collimation perfectly horizontal, the staff intercepts are 1 m (top), 2m (middle), and 3 m (bottom). The horizontal distance (m) between the staff and the instrument station is
(A) 
100.3 
(B) 
103.0 
(C) 
150.0 
(D) 
153.0 
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Q. 50
A road is provided with a horizontal circular curve having deflection angle of 55 c and centre line radius of 250 m. A transition curve is to be provided at each end
of 
the circular curve of such a length that the rate of gain of radial acceleration 
is 
0.3 m/s ^{3} at a speed of 50 km per hour. Length of the transition curve required 
at 
each of the ends is 
(A) 
2.57 m 
(B) 33.33 m 
(C) 
35.73 m 
(D) 1666.67 m 
Q. 51
A light house of 120 m height is just visible above the horizon from a ship. The correct distance (m) between the ship and the light house considering combined correction for curvature and refraction, is
(A) 39.098
(C) 39098
(B) 42.226
(D) 42226
Statement for Linked Q. 52 and 53 :
A
a 2lane, 2way SH section. The width of the 2lane road is 7.0 m. Design speed
for this section is 80 km per hour. The brake reaction time is 2.4 s, and the
coefficients of friction in longitudinal and lateral directions are 0.355 and 0.15,
respectively.
horizontal curvature curve with a centre line radius of 200 m is provided on
Q.
Q.
52
53
The safe stopping sight distance on the section is
(A) 221 m
(C) 125 m
(B) 195 m
(D) 65 m
The setback distance from the centre line of the inner lane is
(A) 7.93 m
(C) 9.60 m
YEAR 2007
(B) 8.10 m
(D) 9.77 m
ONE MARK
Q.
Q.
Q.
54
55
56
The consistency and flow resistance of bitumen can be determined from which of the following ?
(A) 
Ductility test 
(C) 
Softening point test 
(B) Penetration test
(D) Viscosity test
If a twolane National Highway and a twolane State Highway intersect at right angles, the number of potential conflict point at the intersection, assuming that both the roads are twoway is
(A) 
11 
(B) 17 
(C) 
24 
(D) 32 
In signal design as per Indian Roads Congress specifications, if the sum of the ratios of normal flows to saturation flow of two directional traffic is 0.50 and the total lost time per cycle is 10 seconds, the optimum cycle length in seconds is
(A) 
100 
(B) 80 
(C) 
60 
(D) 40 
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YEAR 2007
TWO MARKS
Q.
57
The extra widening required for a twolane National Highway at a horizontal
curve of 300 m radius, considering a wheel base of 8 m and a design speed of 100 kmph is
(A) 
0.42 m 
(B) 0.62 m 
(C) 
0.82 m 
(D) 0.92 m 
Q.
Q.
Q.
58
59
60
Q. 61
While designing a hill road with a ruling gradient of 6%, if a sharp horizontal
curve of 50 m radius is encountered, the compensated gradient at the curve as per the Indian Roads Congress specifications should be
(A) 
4.4% 
(B) 4.75% 
(C) 
5.0% 
(D) 5.25% 
The design speed on a road is 60 kmph. Assuming the driver reaction time of
2.5 seconds and coefficient of friction of pavement surface as 0.35, the required
stopping distance for twoway traffic on a single lane road is
(A) 82.1 m
(C) 164.2 m
(B) 102.4 m
(D) 186.4 m
The width of the expansion join is 20 mm in a cement concrete pavement. The
paying temperature is 20 cC and the maximum slab temperature is summer is 60 cC
. The coefficient of the thermal expansion of concrete is 10 10 mm/mm/ C
and the joint filler compresses up to 50% of the thickness. The spacing between
expansion joints should be
(A) 20 m
(C) 30 m
#
 6
c
(B) 25 m
(D) 40 m
The following data pertains of the number of commercial vehicles per day for the
design of a flexible pavement for a national highway as per IRC : 371984 :
Type of commercial 
Number of vehicle 
Vehicle 
vehicle 
per day considering the number of lanes 
Damage 
Factor 

Two axle trucks 
2000 
5 
Tandem axle trucks 
200 
6 
Assuming a traffic growth factor of 7.5% per annum for both the types of vehicles, the cumulative number of standard axle load repetitions (in million) for a design life of ten years is
Q. 62
(A) 
44.6 
(B) 57.8 
(C) 
62.4 
(D) 78.7 
Match ListI (Test) with the ListII (Property) and select the correct answers using the codes given below the lists :
ListI
a. Crushing test
b. Los Angles abrasion test
c. Soundness test
d. Angularity test
ListII
1. Hardness
2. Weathering
3. Shape
4. Strength
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Q.
Q.
63
64
Codes :
a 
b 
c 
d 

(A) 
2 
1 
4 
3 
(B) 
4 
2 
3 
1 
(C) 
3 
2 
1 
4 
(D) 
4 
1 
2 
3 
The plan of a map was photo copied to a reduced size such that a line originally 100 mm, measures 90 mm. The original scale of the plan was 1 : 1000. The revised scale is
(A) 1 : 900
(C) 1 : 1121
(B) 1 : 1111
(D) 1 : 1221
The following tables gives data of consecutive coordinates in respect of a closed
theodolite traverse PQRSP.
Station 
Northing, m 
Southing, m 
Easting, m 
Westing, m 
P 
400.75 
300.5 

Q 
100.25 
199.25 

R 
199.0 
399.75 

S 
300.0 
200.5 
The magnitude and direction of error of closure in whole circle bearing are.
Q. 65
(A) 2.0 m and 45 c
(C) 2.82 m and 315 c
(B) 2.0 m and 315 c
(D) 3.42 m and 45 c
The following measurements were made during testing a levelling instrument.
Instrument at 
Staff reading at 
P 1 Q 1 

P m 2.800 1.700 m 

Q m 2.700 1.800 m 
P _{1} is close to P and Q _{1} is close to Q . If the reduced level of station P is 100.000 m, the reduced level of station Q is
Q.
66
(A) 
99.000 m 
(B) 
100.000 m 
(C) 
101.000 m 
(D) 
102.000 m 
Two straight lines intersect at an angle of 60 c. The radius of a curve joining the two straight lines is 600 m. The length of long chord and midordinate in metres of the curve are
(A) 
80.4, 600.0 
(B) 600.0, 80.4 
(C) 
600.0, 39.89 
(D) 49.89, 300.0 
Q.
67
The magnetic bearing of a line AB is S 45c E and the declination is 5 c west. The true bearing of the line AB is
(A) 
S 
45 c E 
(B) S 40 c E 
(C) 
S 
50 c E 
(D) S 50 c W 
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YEAR 2006
ONE MARK
Q. 68
In case of governing equation for calculating wheel load stresses using Westergaard’s approach, the following statements are made :
1. 
Load stresses are inversely proportional to wheel load. 

2. 
Modulus of subgrade reaction is useful for load stress calculation. 

(A) 
Both statements are TRUE 
(B) 1 is TRUE and 2 is FALSE 
(C) 
Both statements are FALSE 
(D) 1 is FALSE and 2 is TRUE 
Q.
Q.
69
70
Name the traffic survey data which is plotted by means of Desire lines.
(A) Accident
(B)
(C)
(D) Speed and Delay
Classified volume
Origin and Destination
If aggregate size of 5040 is to be tested for finding out the portion of elongated
aggregates using length gauge, the slot length of the gauge should be
(A) 81 mm
(C) 53 mm
(B) 45 mm
(D) 90 mm
YEAR 2006
TWO MARKS
Q. 71
Using IRC : 371984 “ Guidelines for the Design of Flexible Pavements” and the
following data, choose the total thickness of the pavement.
Number of commercial vehicles 
2723 Veh/day 
when construction is completed 

Annual growth rate of the traffic 
5.0% 
Design life of the pavement 
10 years 
Vehicle damage factor 
2.4 
CBR value of the subgrade soil 
5% 
Data for 5% CBR value 

Number of Standard Axles, msa 
Total Thickness, mm 

20 
620 

25 
640 

30 
670 

40 
700 

(A) 
620 mm 
(B) 640 mm 
(C) 
670 mm 
(D) 700 mm 
Q. 72
A vehicle moving at 60 kmph on an ascending gradient of a highway has to come to stop position to avoid collision with a stationary object. The ratio of lag to brake distance is 6.5. Considering total reaction time of the driver as 2.5 seconds
and the coefficient of longitudinal friction as 0.36, the value of ascending gradient
(%) 
is 

(A) 
3.3 
(B) 4.8 
(C) 
5.3 
(D) 6.8 
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Q. 73
Q. 74
At an horizontal curve portion of a 4 lane undivided carriageway, a transition
curve is to be introduced to attain required superelevation. The design speed is 60 kmph and radius of the curve is 245 m. Assume length of wheel base of a longest vehicle as 6 m, superelevation as 1 in 150. The length of the transition curve (m) required, if the pavement is rotated about inner edge is
(A) 
81.4 
(B) 85.0 
(C) 
91.5 
(D) 110.2 
For designing a 2phase fixed type signal at an intersection having NorthSouth
and EastWest road where only straight ahead traffic is permitted, the following
data is available.
Parameter 
North 
South 
East 
West 
Design Hour Flow (PCU/hr) 
1000 
700 
900 
550 
Saturation Flow (PCU/hr) 
2500 
2500 
3000 
3000 
Q. 75
Q. 76
Total time lost per cycle is 12 seconds. The cycle length (seconds) as per Webster’s
approach is
(A) 67
(C) 87
(B) 77
(D) 91
On an urban road, the free mean speed was measured as 70 kmph and the average
spacing between the vehicles under jam condition as 7.0 m. The speedflow
density equation is given by :
U =
U
sf
;
1

k
k
j
_{E} and q = Uk
Where,
U
k
q
The
= spacemean speed (kmph);
= jam density (veh/km);
= flow (veh/hr).
U
sf
= free mean speed (kmph);
maximum flow (veh/hr) per lane for this condition is equal to
(A) 2000
(C) 3000
(B) 2500
(D) None of the above
A subgrade soil sample was tested using standard CBR apparatus and the observations are given below.
Load, kg 
Penetration, mm 
60.5 
25 
80.5 
5.0 
Assuming that the loadpenetration curve is convex throughout, the CBR value
Q. 77
(%) 
of the sample is 

(A) 
6.5 
(B) 5.5 
(C) 
4.4 
(D) 3.9 
The observed magnetic bearing of a line OE was found to be 185 c. It was later discovered that station O had a local attraction of +1.5 c.
The 
true bearing of the line OE, considering a magnetic declination of 3.5 cE shall 

be 

(A) 
180 c 
(B) 187 c 
(C) 
190 c 
(D) 193 c 
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Q. 78
A Bench Marck (BM) with Reduced Level (RL) = 155.305 m has been established
at the floor of a room. It is required to find out the RL of the underside of root
(R) of the room using Spirit Levelling. The Back Sight (BS) to the BM has been
observed as 1.500 m whereas the Fore Sight (FS) to R has been observed as 0.575
m (Shaff held inverted). The RL(m) of R will be
(A) 
155.880 
(B) 156.230 
(C) 
157.380 
(D) 157.860 
Q. 79
Q. 80
Q. 81
Consider the following figure, which is an extract from a contour map (scale
=1:20,000) of an area. An alignment of a road at a ruling gradient of 4% is to be fixed from the point O and beyond. What should be the radius of the arc with
O as the center to get the point of alignment of the next contour on the map ?
(A) 0.025 cm
(C) 2.5 cm
(B) 0.25 cm
(D) 5.0 cm
In the figure given below, the length PQ (WCB : 30 c)
respectively up to three places of decimal are
and QR (WCB : 45 c)
(B) 273.205,551.815
(D) 551.815,938.186
During a levelling work along a falling gradient using a Dumpy level and a Staff
of 3 m length, following successive readings were taken :
1.785, 2.935, 0.360, 1.320. What will be the correct order of booking these four readings in a level book ? (BS : Back Sight, IS : Intermediate Sight, FS : Fore Sight)
(A) 
BS, FS, BS, FS 
(B) BS, IS, FS, FS 
(C) 
BS, IS, IS, FS 
(D) BS, IS, BS, FS 
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YEAR 2005
ONE MARK
Q. 82
The length of summit curve on a two lane two way highway depends upon
(A) 
allowable rate of change of centrifugal acceleration 
(B) 
coefficient of lateral friction 
(C) 
required stopping sight distance 
(D) 
required overtaking sight distance 
Q. 83
Q. 84
Q. 85
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY), launched in the year 2000, aims
to provide rural connectivity with allweather roads. It is proposed to connect the habitation in plan areas of population more than 500 persons by the year
(A) 2005
(C) 2010
(B) 2007
(D) 2012
ListI contains some properties of bitumen. ListII gives a list of Laboratory
Tests conducted on bitumen to determine the properties. Match the property the
corresponding test and select the correct answer using the codes given below the
lists :
a.
b.
c.
ListI
Resistance to flow
Ability to deform under load
Safety
Codes :
a 

(A) 
2 
(B) 
2 
(C) 
1 
(D) 
3 
b
1
3
2
1
c
3
1
3
2
1.
2.
3.
ListII
Ductility test
Penetration test
Flash and fire point test
Bituminous concrete is a mix comprising of
(A) 
fine aggregate, filler and bitumen 
(B) 
fine aggregate and bitumen 
(C) 
coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, filler and bitumen 
(D) 
coarse aggregate, filler and bitumen 
YEAR 2005
TWO MARKS
Q. 86
For a 25 cm thick cement concrete pavement, analysis of stresses gives the following values :
Wheel load stress due to corner loading 30 
kg/cm ^{2} 

Wheel load stress due to edge loading 32 
kg/cm ^{2} 

Warping stress at corner region during 
summer 
9 
kg/cm ^{2} 
Warping stress at corner region during winter 7 
kg/cm ^{2} 

Warping stress at edge region during 
summer 
8 
kg/cm ^{2} 
Warping stress at edge region during 
summer 
6 
kg/cm ^{2} 
Frictional stress during summer 
5 
kg/cm ^{2} 

Frictional stress during winter The most critical value for this pavement is 
4 
kg/cm ^{2} 
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(A) 
40 kg/cm ^{2} 
(B) 42 kg/cm ^{2} 
(C) 
44 kg/cm ^{2} 
(D) 45 kg/cm ^{2} 
Q. 87
The following observations were made of an axleload survey on a road.
Axle load (kN)
3545
7585
Repetitions per day
800
400
The standard axleload is 80 kN. Equivalent daily number of repetitions for the standard axleload are
Q. 88
Q. 89
Q. 90
(A) 
450 
(B) 480 
(C) 
800 
(D) 1200 
A standard company operates a scheduled daily truck service between city P and city Q. One way journey time between these tow cities is 85 hours. A minimum
layover time of 5 hours is to be provided at each city. How many trucks are
required to provide this service ?
(A) 4
(C) 7
(B) 6
(D) 8
A single lane unidirectional highway has a design speed of 65 kmph. The
perceptionbrakereaction time of drivers is 2.5 seconds and the average length of
vehicles is 5 m. The coefficient of longitudinal friction of the pavement is 0.4. The
capacity of this road in term of ‘vehicles per hour per lane’ is
(A) 1440
(C) 710
(B) 750
(D) 680
A road is having a horizontal curve of 400 m radius on which a superelevation
of 0.07 is provided. The coefficient of lateral friction mobilized on the when a
vehicle is travelling at 100 kmph is
(A) 0.07
(C) 0.15
YEAR 2004
(B) 0.13
(D) 0.4
ONE MARK
Q.
Q.
Q.
91
92
93
In the context of flexible pavement design, the ratio of contact pressure tyre
pressure is called the Rigidity Factor. This factor is less than unity when the tyre pressure is
(A) 
less than 0.56 N/mm ^{2} 
(C) 
equal to 0.7 N/mm ^{2} 
(B) equal to 0.56 N/mm ^{2}
(D) more than 0.7 N/mm ^{2}
The star and Grid pattern of road network was adopted in
(A) 
Nagpur Road Plan 
(C) 
Bombay Road Plan 
(B) Lucknow Road Plan
(D) Delhi Road Plan
The road geometrics in India are designed for the
(A) 
98 ^{t}^{h} highest hourly traffic volume 
(B) 
85 ^{t}^{h} highest hourly traffic volume 
(C) 
50 ^{t}^{h} highest hourly traffic volume 
(D) 
30 ^{t}^{h} highest hourly traffic volume 
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YEAR 2004
TWO MARKS
Q. 94
The data given below pertain to the design of a flexible pavement :
Initial traffic = 1213 cvpd
Traffic growth rate = 8% per annum
Design life = 12 years
Vehicle damage factor = 2.5
Distribution factor = 1.0
The design traffic in terms of million standard axles (msa) to be catered would be
(A) 
0.06 msa 
(B) 8.40 msa 
(C) 
21.00 msa 
(D) 32.26 msa 
Q.
Q.
Q.
95
96
97
For a road with camber of 3% and the design speed of 80 km/hr, the minimum
radius of the curve beyond which NO superelevation is needed is
(A) 1680 m
(C) 406 m
(B) 948 m
(D) 280 m
The coefficient of friction in the longitudinal direction of a highway is estimated
as 0.396. The braking distance for a car moving at a speed of 65 km/hr is
(A) 87 m
(C) 42 m
(B) 45 m
(D) 40 m
Three new roads P, Q and R are planned in a district. The data for these roads
are given in the table below.
Road 
Length (km) 
Number of villages with population 

less than 2000 
20005000 
more than 5000 

P 
20 
8 
6 
1 
Q 
28 
19 
8 
4 
R 
12 
7 
5 
2 
Based on the principle of maximum utility, the order of priority for these three roads should be
Q. 98
(A) 
P, Q, R 
(B) 
Q, R, P 
(C) 
R, P,Q 
(D) 
R, Q, P 
A Marshall specimen is prepared for bituminous concrete with a bitumen content of 5 per cent by weight of total mix. The theoretical and the measured unity weights of the mix are 2.442 g/cm ^{3} and 2.345 g/cm ^{3} , respectively. The bitumen
has a specific gravity of 1.02. The per cent voids in mineral aggregate filled with bitumen (VFB) are
(A) 
34.55 
(B) 
35.9 
(C) 
73.55 
(D) 
74.3 
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YEAR 2003
ONE MARK
Q.
Q.
99
100
Temperature stresses in concrete pavements may cause the slab to crack. If a slab
cools uniformly then the crack will develop at the which of the following locations of the slab ?
(A)
(C)
At centre
At corners
(B) Near edges
(D) Near edges and at corners
The speed and delay studies on a defined section of highway are conducted by
(A) 
radar gun 
(C) 
moving car method 
YEAR 2003
(B) traffic counters
(D) enoscope
TWO MARKS
Q.
Q.
Q.
Q.
Q.
101
102
103
104
105
The design sped for a National Highway is 100 kmph. If the maximum permissible
superelevation is 0.10 and the coefficient of lateral friction is 0.15, the ruling
minimum radius of horizontal curve on the highway should be
(A) 260 m
(C) 380 m
(B) 315 m
(D) 410 m
A traffic in a particular direction of a two lane roads is moving with a constant
speed of 50 kmph, with an average headway of 2.52 seconds . The longitudinal
distance between the two consecutive vehicles is
(A) 30 m
(C) 38 m
(B) 35 m
(D) 42 m
In the Marshall method of mix design, the coarse aggregates, fine aggregates, filler
and bitumen, having respective specific gravities of 2.62, 2.72, 2.70 and 1.02 are
mixed in the ratio of 55, 34.6, 4.8 and 5.6 per cent, respectively. The theoretical
specific gravity of the mix would be
(A) 2.36
(C) 2.44
(B) 2.40
(D) 2.50
The plate load test conducted with a 75 cm diameter plat on soil subgrade yielded a deflection of 2.5 mm under a stress of 800 N/cm ^{2} . The modulus of elasticity of the subgrade soil, in kN/cm ^{2} is
(A) 
141.6 
(B) 154.6 
(C) 
160.0 
(D) 185.4 
ListI below gives a list of physical properties of aggregates which should be determined to judge their suitability in road construction. ListII gives a list of laboratory tests which are conducted to determine these properties. Match ListI with ListII and select the correct answer from the codes given below the lists :
ListI
a. Hardness
b. Porosity
c. Toughness
d. Durability
ListII
1. Water adsorption
2. Impact test
3. Soundness test
4. Abrasion test
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Codes :
a 
b 
c 
d 

(A) 
1 
2 
3 
4 
(B) 
4 
1 
2 
3 
(C) 
3 
4 
1 
2 
(D) 
2 
3 
4 
1 
YEAR 2002
ONE MARK
Q. 106
Q. 107
Q. 108
Stopping sight distance and frictional coefficients are
(A)
(B)
(C) unrelated
(D)
directly proportional to each other
inversely proportional to each other
either directly or inversely proportional to each other depending on the
nature of pavement
Bitumen is derived from
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
destructive distillation of coal tar
destructive distillation of petroleum
fractional distillation of petroleum
naturally occurring ores
Dowel bars in concrete pavement are placed
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
along the direction of traffic
Perpendicular to the direction of traffic
along 45º to the direction of traffic
can be placed along any direction
YEAR 2002
TWO MARKS
Q. 109
Q. 110
A car is moving at a speed of 72 km/hr on a road having 2% upward gradient. The driver applies brakes when he sees an obstruction. If his reaction time is 1.5 seconds, assuming that the coefficient of friction between the pavement and tyre as 0.15, calculate the distance traversed before the car finally stops
(A) 
24 m 
(B) 
150 m 
(C) 
1050 m 
(D) 
324 m 
The average daily traffic on a stretch of road is 300 commercial vehicles per lane per day. Design traffic repetition for 10 years when vehicle damage factor is 2.5 and traffic growth rate is 7%, is
(A) 
3.8 msa 
(B) 
23.5 msa 
(C) 
45.4 msa 
(D) 
16 msa 
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Q. 111
In a concrete pavement
I. 
temperature stress is tensile at bottom during day time 
II. 
Load stress is compressive at bottom 
(A) 
Both the statement I and II are correct 
(B) 
Statement I is correct and II is wrong 
(C) 
Statement II is wrong and I is correct 
(D) 
Both statement I and II are incorrect 
YEAR 2001
ONE MARK
Q.
Q.
Q.
112
113
114
The design value of lateral friction coefficient of highway is
(A)
(C)
1.5
0.35
(B) 0.50
(D) 0.15
Camber on highway pavement is provided to take care of
(A)
(C)
Centrifugal force
Sight Distance
(B) Drainage
(D) Offtracking
The minimum value of CBR (%) required for granular subbase as per Ministry of
Surface Transport (MOST) specification is
(A)
(C)
5
15
YEAR 2001
(B) 10
(D) 20
TWO MARKS
Q. 115
Q. 116
A valley curve has a descending gradient of 1 in 40 followed by a ascending
gradient of 1 in 50. The length of the valley curve required for a design speed of
80 km/hour for comfort condition is
(A)
(C) 58 m
199 m
(B) 116 m
(D) 37 m
The radius of relative stiffness for a 20 cm thick slab with E
and Poisson’s ratio = 0.15, resting on a subgrade having modulus of 5 kg/cm ^{3} is
=
3
#
10 kg/cm
5
2
(A) 
10 cm 
(B) 80 cm 
(C) 
120 cm 
(D) 320 cm 
**********
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ANSWER KEY
HIGHWAY ENGINEERING AND SURVEYING 

1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
(B) 
(*) 
(C) 
308.9641 m 
106.066 m 
(A) 
(D) 
(B) 
(A) 
(B) 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
(B) 
(C) 
(B) 
(D) 
(D) 
(C) 
(A) 
(A) 
(B) 
(A) 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
(B) 
(B) 
(A) 
(D) 
(A) 
(C) 
(D) 

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