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Celebratinq

Energyfor All

Petroleum Geology and


the role of Geoscientists
BAYU G/R/ANSYAH
TOTAL E&P INDONES/E
BALIKPAPAN

Campus Visit UGM, 04/1A?U1 Torau

Geosciences && F h*{_^


Celebrathq
Enerqy for All

Role of Geoscientists
' Geoscientists are playing a key role in finding and developing oil and gas reserves:
Geophysicists, Geologists and Reservoir Engineers.
' Acquire, analyze and interpret subsurface data to produce the best possible 3
dimensional representation of reservoirs or models.
' These models are used to optimize the development and management of oil and gas
fields.

lmportance of Field Experience and use of Geoscience


Technologies
' Gegscience technologies are varied from cutting-edge imaging methods to
computer modeling of reservoirs
' These technologies are used to create various static and dynamic models which not
only compile and collate available geological data but also can predict the future
behavior of the reservoirs.
' These models can be successful only by the combination of the use of the
Technology together with the Geoscientist's Field Experience

*
2 Campus Vi"s, UGM.04/1?/2011 TOTAL
GEOSCIENCES ''" "d-e-:*
iieiijrifor ntl

Main Phases in the life of gas/oil field


' Exploration
. AppraisallDelineation
. Development
. Production

Fields overview

Professions in Geosciences
. Geologist
. Geophysicist
. Reservoir Engineer

3 |orrrlrrs Vi.i/ {Ji:liyl 04,3it,1i01 1


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MAIN PHASES IN THE LIFE


OF GAS AND OIL FIELD

d Caffisus Vlsil UGM. 04,/12/2A11


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Main Phases in the life of gas/oil field r#i":%
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Ffl; Production profile

&&& &
AWARD DISCOVERY DECISION
of
PERMIT
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DEVELOP
PRODUCTION
START-UP
END
of
PRODUCTION
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SITE
RESTORATION

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Where does oil come from ?

Sea level uarlatia

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Geophysical prospecting 4^_e-,#'4
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Geophysical prospecting "r e*


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Geophysical i nterpretation

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Geophysical interpretation problems


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Time/DepthConversion
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Drilling well

Pilot Drilling Logging


hole well acquisition

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Appraisal : reducing uncertainty /
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APPRAISAL

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DISCOVERY cHotcE oF DECISION TO
ARCHITECTURE DEVELOP

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Developing a geological & reservoir model "da.'S.d4sS


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Geophysics Petrophysics
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interpretation)

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Architecture
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Well
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roduction estimates
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Development scheme
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Choosing the production support "".s
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Fixed tower Tension leg platform Floating production,
storage offloadi n g system

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Production

Pumpirng Proiessing

Mqnitoring

$torage and transport

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Energyfor All

Overview of TOTAL Fields


ln the Mahakam delta area

2"1 Campns Vruil UG M, 04/1 z,AM 1


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Gas & Oil fields in Mahakam PSG


'
PRQPUGTION 2O.l {
GAS r * 7,23t bcf/d
OIL+COND. i.- 82,7 kbbtld
Fields Potential
BEKAPAI
Oil :-5kbbl/d
Gas: - 35 MMscfd

TIANDIL
Oil :^18kllbl/d
Gas: - 58 MMscfld

TAMBORA
Gas: - 75 MMscf/d

TUNU
Gas: - 1030 MMscfld

pEctKo
Gas: - 650 MMscf/d

souT$ MAHAKA|I,,|
Discovery of West Stupa-1 and East $tst NuBr
Mandu-l in 2007 Gas: - 390 MMscf/d
POD approved
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Mahakam delta in the s:*S**ry
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Fields in the Mahakam in the 7Os

BADAK

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Mahakam in the early 80s

Mahakam in the early '80s / l-#ss;4


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Myth : significant
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accumulations remain to be
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Myth : no sufficient marine


source rocks, hence low PS
for off-shelf d iscoveries
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Mahakam in the '80s


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Mahakam in the early '90s, after Tunu field delineation. .# ,E*
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Mahakam in the early 2000, after Peciko field del ineatioIC.SSiy
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Mahakam in the 2000s, after Sisi-Nubi & South Mahakam fie16,*
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Canpus Visit UGM, A4/1?J2011


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Mahakam & offshore present day accumulations


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Ceflpus Vlsil UGM, A4/l lI20l I
PROFESSIONS GEOSGIENGES

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Oil Companies

National Company Operator

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Production/
Maintenance

GEOSCIENGES

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Metier (Profession) { sf"iryf


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Geolosists s
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Geoptrvsigist
' Exploration geologist M'

Acquisitinn . Wellsite geologist wh

Frncesslng . Operation geologist


M

lnterpretation . Development geologist M

Kxplnnmtlnn
. Petrophysicist M
. Sedimentologist
ffievelopment
. Paleontologist
Reservoir Hngineer
I v'"\n . Field h$onitnrinE M
. CIpenation W

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Geophysicist

Survey ) Processing Interpretation

Performing/supervising geophysical survey (seismic)


Perform i n g/su pervisi n g seismic pnocess il'l g
Time depth conversion
lnterpretation (structure, reservoir characterization, etc)
Structural mode! N

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Exploration geologist """.#
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o Evaluating a new prospect area


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Performing and updating the geological
regional synthesis
Contributing a better field understanding
to asset tearn
Providing new geological concept prior to
field development

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Wellsite geologist t,t;,'tet
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Working on the rig slte
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Followil"lg drlN!img operatlon and acquiring a!! geologlcal data
t $upervlsing nrud logging and wire line logging operation
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Dineet intenaetive relation wlth operation geology offiee based tearn

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Operation geologist ;:'#


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Office based supervising all geologica!
rr

openation while drilling , logging and testing


FnsurinE geological ohjective !n line with
safety policy
Establishing and dispatching geological
!nforrnation necessary from rigslte to asset
and other related discipline

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Development geologist

Re-mapping 3D modellingi Reservoir New Wel{


VolurnetricCalculation $irnulation

. Together with reser\roir engineer to mode!


the subsurface and optimize field
production

' Finding the best stnategy to develop the


field by providing short, rnedlum, long
planning (To propose number of wells
and their location and to calculate the
Hydrocarbon in place, etc. )

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Petrophysicist

. Performing well log quality control


. Performing well !og interpretation to
provide reservoir properties prior to
production
" Advising asset on fluid analysis

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work closely with people frorn different background


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Reservoir Engineers: Field Monitoring * Surface data /#-'s


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Monltoring eif fluid


and pnes$ure of a well
Day to day work to
optirnize production

* Water prsdustion
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Frmpmse *$ght wmnk svsr arxd invmlve ix,r we$l serviee planx**mg &
s*hedn.llfiing {$llmkl*ne {"$nit, $nrt-xhb*nrg L}nit, Sementlng Umit, Sm$$
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Fnmpose new wells tm he dr$lled

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Reservoir Engineers Study : Reservoir Simulation - input

Wells definition

Petrophyqics (maps)
. Porosity,
. Permeability,
. Saturation, ...
PVT data

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. CGR,
Gore analvsis . Cornpressibility (Bo, tsg)
. Relative permeability,
. Kv, Kh ...

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Reservoir Engineers Study : Reservoir $*rnulation

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Numerous thin reservoirs

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ffi fintegrmtfrwn : Gewfiogy * ffieophysie - Reservoir s -.h

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Reports
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'Well Definition' Drih., Rff rerroii liifi liluri!

'String Definition'
'Froduction ilata'
'Well Test'

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*Fespof sibil'iy of 65R Reseryoir Assets
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T{}TAL
Wells Drilled in 2010
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TUNU
82 wells

T,S{\,tH0eA
5 wells

/
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1/ 4wells

Total: 110 wells

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