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398.3 2201907
G82
Greenaway, Kate
Language of flowers

ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY

FORT WAYNE, INDIANA 46802

You may return this book to any agency, branch,

or bookmobile of the Allen County Public Library.

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ALLEN COUNTY pyGLiC liSRARY
FORT WAYNu, ItuOiAiSA
2201907

Abecedary Volubility.
Abaiina . Fickleness.
Acacia Frien<iship.
Acacia, Rose or White Elegance.
Acacia, Yellow Secret Love.
Acanthus The jine arts. A rtijice.
Acalia Temperance.
Achillea Millefolia . War.
Acon tc (Wulfsb;*ne> M isanthropy.
Aconite, Crowfoot Lustre.
Adonis, Flos . Fain/ul recollections.
African Marigold . Vulgar minds.
Agnus Castus Coldness. Indifference.
Agrimony Thankfulness. Gratitude.
Almond (Common) Stupidity. Indiscretion.

7
Almond (Flowering) Hope.
Almond, Laurel Ferjidy
Allspice . . . . Compassion.
Aloe . . . . Grief. Religious superstition.
Althaea Fnitex (Syrian
Mallow) . . . . Persuasion.
Alyssum (Sweet) Worth beyond beauty.
Amaranth (Globe) . Immortality. Unfaditig love.
Amaranth (Cockscomb) . Foppery. Affectation.
Amaryllis . . . . Pride. Timidity. Sple*ulid
beauty.
Ambrosia . . . . Lm>e returned.
Americai. Cowslip . Divine beauty.
American Elm Patriotism.
American Linden . Matrimony.
American Starwort Welcome to a stranger.
Cheerfulness in old age.
Amethyst . . . . Admiration.
Anemone (Zephyr Flower) Sickness. Expectation.
Anemone (Garden). Forsaken.
Angelica . . . Inspiration.
Angrec Royalty.
Apple . . . . . Temptation.
Apple (Blossom) Prejerence, Fame speaks him
great and good.
Apple, Thorn Deceitful charms.
Apocynum
Arbor Vitae ....
(Dogs Vane) Deceit,
Unchanging friendship.
Live Jor me.
Arum (Wake Robin) A rdour.
Ash IVee
Aspen Tree
....
Ash-leaved I rumpct Flower

....
. Separation.
Grandeur.
Lamentation.
Aster (China) Variety. Afterthought.
Asphodel . . . . My reg rets follow you to the

Auricula .... grave.


Painting.

Austurtium
Azalea
....
Auricula, Scarlet

.....
Avarice.
Splendour.
Temferance.

8
.

Bachelors Buttons . Celil'ocy.


Balm Syvipaihy.
Balm. Gentle . FUnsantry.
Balm of Gilead Curt. Relief.
Balsam, Red . , Touch me net. Impatient
resolves.
Balsam. Yellow Impatience.
Barberry Sourness of temper.
Barberry' Tree Sharpness,
Basil Hatred.
Bay Leaf 1 change but in death.
Bay (Rose) Rhododendron Danger. Be^jart.
Bay Tree Glory
Hay Wreath . Reward of merit.
Bearded Crepis Protection.
Beech Tree . Prosperity.
Bee Orchis Industry.
Bek Ophrys Error.
Belladonna Silence
Bell Flower. Pyramidal Constancy
Bell Flower (small white) Gratitude.

Q
Belvedere I declare against you.
Betony
Bilberry
...
..... Surprise.
Ti ecu:hery.
Bindweed, Great Insinuation.
Bindweed^ Small Humility.
Birch Meekness.
Birdsfoot Trefoil Rei'enge.
Bittersweet;
Black Poplar
Blackthorn
....
Nightshade

....
Truth.
Courage.
Difficulty.
Bladder Nut Tree . i rivolity. Amusement.

Bluebell .....
Bluebottle (Centaury)

Blue- flowered Greek Valerian


Deliccuy.
Constancy.
R upture
Borus Henrtcus Goodness.
Borage
Box Tree
Bramble
.... Bluntness.
Stoicism.
Lowliness. Envy. Remorse.
Branch of Currants You please all.
Branch of Thorns . Severity Rigour.
Bridal Rose . . . . Happy love
Broom Humility Neatness.
Buckbean . . . . Calm repose.
Bud ol White Rose Heart ignorant of love.
Bugloss Falsehood
Bulrush Indiscretion. Docility.
Bundle of Reeds, with their
M
Panicles
Burdock .....
.

Buttercup (Kingcup)
. . usic.
Importunity.
Ingratitude.
Touch 7ue not.
Childishness.
Butterfly Orchis Gaiety.
Butterfly Weed Let '^ne go.
Cabbage
Cacal a
... Pro/it.
Adulation.
Cactus Warmth.
Calla yEthiopica Magni^cent iJeautj-.
Calycanthus Bena^olenct.
Camellia Japonica, Red Uttpretending excellence.
Camellia Japonica, White Perjected loveliness.
Camomile Energy in adversity.
Canary Grass Perseverance.
Candytuft Indifference
Canterbury Bell A cknotvledgement.
Cape Ja>mine Pm too happy.
Cardamine Paternal error.
Cartiation. Deep Red Alas ! Jor my poor heart.
Carnation, Striped . Refusal.
Carnation, Yellow . Disdain.

II
Catchfly
Catchfly,
....
Cardinal Flower

Red
Distinction.
Snare.
Youthful love.
Catchily,
Cedar ....
White

Cedar of Lebanon .
Betrayed.
Strength.
Incor^-uptible.
Cedar Leaf . I live for thee.
Celandine I.,esser)
( . Joys to cotne.
Cereus (Creeping) . Modest genius.
Centaury Delicacy.
Champignon . Suspicion.
Chequered Fritillary Persecution.
Cherry Tree . Good education.
Cherry Tree, White Deception.
Chesnut Tree . Do 7ue justice. Luxury.
Chickweed
Chicory
China Aster
.... Rendezvous.
P'rugaLity.
Variety.
China Aster, Double I partake your sentiments.
China Aster, Single I will think of it.
China or Indian Pink Aversion.
China Rose . Beauty always new.
Chinese Chrysanthemum Cheerjulness under adversity.
Christmas Rose Relieve my anxiety.
Chrysanthemum, Red J love.
Chrysanthemum, White Truth.
Chrysanthemum, Yellow Slighted love.
Cinquefoil
Circaea
Cistus, or
.... Rock Rose
Maternal
spell.
ajfection.

Popular favour.
Gum
Cistus,
Citron
Clematis
....
....
. I shall die to-morrow.
Ill-natured beauty.
Mental beauty.

Qotbur ....
Clematis, Evergreen

....
Poverty.
Rudeness. Pertinacity.
^ Ooves Dignity.
Oover, Four-leaved Be mine.
Clover, Red . J ndustry.
Clover, White Think of me.
Cobaea , . . .
Gossip.
Cockscomb Amaranth . Foppery. Affec tation.
Singularity.

13
Colchicum, or Meadow
Saffron My best days are past.
Coltsfoot Justice shall be done.
Columbine Folly.
Columbine, Pnrple Resolved to tuin.
Columbine, Red Anxious and trC'xbling.
Convolvulus . Bonds.
Convolvulus, Blue (Minor) Repose, ^ight.
Convolvulus, Major Extinguished hopes.
Convolvulus. Pink . Worth sustained by judiewus
and tender affection.
Corchorus Impatient of aisence
Coreopsis Always cheerful.
Coreopsis Arkansa . Loie at first sight.
Coriander Hidden 'worth.
Com Riches.
Com, Broken . Quarrel.
Com Straw Agreement.
Com Buttle Delicacy.
Com Cockle . Gentility.
Cornel Tree Duration.
Coronella Success cro7vn your wishes.
Cowslip Pensiveness. Winning grace.
Cowslip. American Divine beauty- You are my
divinity.
Cranberry Cure for heartache.
Creeping Cereus Horror.
Cress Stability. Power.
Crocus Abuse not.
Crocus, Spring You thful gladness.
Crocus, Saffron . Mirth.
Crown Imperial Majesty. Power.

*3
.

Crowsbill Envy.
Crowfoot Ingratitudt.
Crowfoot (Aconite-leaved L ustre.
Cuckoo Plant A rdour.
Currant
Cuscuta
....
Cudweed, American

....
Unceasing remembrance.
Thy frinvn will kill me
Aleanness.
Cyclamen Dijffidente.
Cypress . . .
Death. Mourning.

4
1

Daffodil Regard.
Dahlia Instability.
Daisy / nnocence.
Daisy. Garden I share your sentiments
Daisy. Michaelmas Fareivell.
Daisy, Farty-colourcd Beauty.
Daisy. W.Id I will think of it.
Damask Rote Brilliant complexion^
Dandelion R ustic oracle.
Daphne Odora Painting the lily.

Darnel (Ray grass). Vice


Dead Leaves Sadness.
Dew Plant A Serenade.
Dittany of Crete Birth.
Dittany of Crete, White Passion
Dock Patience.
Dodder of Thyme . Baseness.
Dogsbane Deceit. Falsehood.
Dogwood Durability.
Dragon Plant Snare.
Dragonwort Horror.
Dried Flax Utility.

>5
Ebony Tree .
Blackness.
Eglantine (Sweetbrier) Poetry. / wound to heal.

Elder Zealousness.
Elm . . - Dignity.
Enchanters Nightshade Witchcraft. Sorcery.
Endive Frugality.
Eupatorium Delay.
Everflowering Candytuft Indifference.
Evergreen Clematis P<nterty
Evergreen Thorn .
Solace in adversity.
Everlasting Never-cecuing remembrance.
Everlasting Pea Lasting pleasure.

i6
Fennel Worthy all prai. Strength.
Fern Fascination.
Ficoides, Ice Plant Your looks freest uu.
Fig . Argument.
Fig Marigold . Idleness.
Fig Tree Prolific.
Filbert R econcilia t ion
Fir . Time.
Fir Tree . Elevation.
Flax Domestic Industry. Fate.
I feel your kindness .

Flax-leaved Goldy-loclcs Tardiness.


Fleur-de-Li* . Flame. I burn
Fleur-de-Luce Fire.
Flowering Fern Reverie.
Flowering Reed Confidence in Heaven.
Flower-of-an- Hour Delicate beauty.
Fly Orchis Error.

*7
Flytrap . Deceit.
Fools Parsley Silliness.
Forget Me Not True love. Forget me not.
Foxglove Insincerity.
Foxtail Grass , Sporting.
French Honeysuckle R nstic beauty.
French Marigold Jealousy.
French Willow- Bravery and humanity.
Frog Ophrys . Disgust.
Fullers Tease Misanthropy.
Fumitory Spleen.
Fuchsia, Scarlet Taste.
Garden Anemone . Forsaken.
Garden Chervil Sincerity^
Garden Daisy / partake your sentiments.
Garden Marigold . Uneasiness.
Garden Ranunculus Vou are rich in attractions.
Garden Sage , Esteem.
Garland of Roses . Reward of virtue.
Germander Speedwell Facility.
Geranium, Dark Melancholy.
Geranium, Ivy Bridal favour.
Geranium, Lemon . Unexpected meeting.
Geranium, Nutmeg Expected meeting.
Geranium. Oak-leaved True friendship.
Geranium. Pencilled Ingenuity.
v/Geranium, Rose-scented Prefer ence.
Geranium, Scarlet . Comforting. S tupidity.
Geranium, Silver-leaved Recall.
Geranium. Wild Stea ifast piety.

19
(jillyflowfcr Bonds of affectxo!^
Glory Flower Glorious beauty.
Goats Hue Reason.
Golden Rod Precaution.
Gooseberry A nticipation.
Gourd Extent. Bulk.
Grape, Wild Charity.
Grass Submission. Utility.
Guelder Rose Winter. Age.

30
.

Hand Flower Tree iVamiHg.


Harebell . . Submission. Grit/.
Hawkweed . . . . Quicksigh tedness.
Hawthorn . . . . Hope.
Haael R econciliation
Heath . . . . . SolituoU.
Helenium Tears
Heliotrope . . . . Devotion. Faithfulness.
Hellebore Scandal. Calumny.
Heintet Flower (Monkshood). Knight-errantry.
Hemlock . . . . You will be my death.
Hemp Fate.
Henbane
Hepatica
Hibiscu>
....
.

.
.

.
.

.
.

.
Imperfection.
Confidence.
Delicate beauty
Holly Foresight.
Holly Herb
Hollyhock
... Enchantment.
Ambition. Fecundity
Honesty Honesty. Fascination
7 ^

Honey Flower L<rie sweet and secret.


Honeysuckle . . Generous and devoted affection
Honeysuckle Coral) The colour of my fate

Hop
Hornbeam
....
Honeysuckle (French) . . Rustic beauty.
Injustice.
Ornament.
Horse Chesnut . Luxury.
Hortensia You are cold.
Houseleek Vivacity. Domestic industry.
Houston ia
Hoya
Humble
....
Plant
.

.
Content.
Sculpture.
Despondency.
Hundred-leaved Rose Digfiity of mind.
Hyacinth sport. Game. Play.
Hyacinth, White Unobtrusive loz>e lines s.

Hydrangea A boaster. Heartlessness.


Hyssop . Cleanliness.

1
'
5
Iceland Moss . Health.
Ice Plant Your looks freeze vie
Imperial Montague Power.
Indian Cress . Warlike trophy.
Indian Jasmine (Ipomoea) Attachment.
Indian Pink (Double) Always lovely.
Indian Plum Privation.
Iris Message.
Iris, German . Flame.
^Ivy
Ivy, Sprig of, with tendrils

23
Jacobs Ladder Come down.
Japan Rose Beauty is yoit,r only attraction.
Jasmine . Amiability.
Jasmine, Cape Tvansport of joy.
Jasmine, Carolina . Separation.
Jasmine, Indian I attach myself to you.
Jasmine, Spanish . Sensuality.
Jasmine, Yellow Grace and elegance.
Jonquil . I desire a return of affection.
Judas Tree Unbelief. Betrayal.
Junipier . . Succour. Protection.
Justicia . The perfection of female
lo7eliness.

24
Kennedia
Mental Beauty,
King-cups
Desire 0/ Riches
Laburnum Forsaken. Pensir>e Beauty.
Lady's Slipper Capricious Beauty. Win mt
and wear me.

Lantana
Larch
....
Lagerstracmia, Indian

....
Eloquence.
Rigour.
Audacity. Boldness.
I.arkspur Lightness. Leonty.
Larkspur, Pink Fickleness.

laurel,
....
Larkspur, Purple
laurel
Common, in flower
Haughtiness.
Glory.
Perfidy.
laurel, Ground Persezierance.
Laurel, Mountain . Ambition.
Laurel-leaved Magnolia. Dignity.
Luurestina A token. I die if neglected.
Lavender Distrust.

Lemon ....
Leaves (dead)

Lemon Blossoms
Melancholy.
Zest.

Lettuce
Lichen
....
....
Fidelity in l<n>e.

Cold-heartedness.
Dejection. Solitude.

26
Lilac, Field Humility.
Lilac, Purple . First emotions of love.
Lilac, White . Youthful Innocence.
Lily, Day Coquetry.
Lily, Imperial Majesty.
Lily, White . Purity. Sweetness.
Lily, Yelbw . Falsehood. Gaiety.
Lily of the Valley . Return of happiness.
Linden or Lime Trees Conjugal lorve.
Lint I feel my obligations.
Live Oak Liberty.
Liverwort Confidence.
Licorice, Wild I declare against yon.
Lobelia . . Malez'olence.
Locust Tree . Elegance.
Locust Tree (green) Affection beyond the grave.
London Pride Frivolity.
Lote Tree Concord.
Lotus Eloquence.
Lotus Flower . Estranged love.
Lotus Leaf Recantation.
Love in a Mist . Perplexity.
Love lies Bleeding . Hopeless not heartless.
y

Lucern . . Life.
Lupine . Voraciousness. Imagination,
Madder . Calumny.
Magnolia Lrnteof Nature.
Magnolia, Swamp . Perse7ferance.
Mallow . Mildness.
Mallow, Marsh Beneficence.
Mallow, Syrian Consumed by lout.
Mallow, Venetian . Delicate beauty.
Manchineal Tree Falsehood.
Mandrake Horror.
Maple Reserve.
Marigold Grief
Marigold, African . Vulgar minds.
Marigold. French . Jealousy.
Marigold, Prophetic Prediction.
Marigold and Cypress Despair.
Marjoram Blushes.
Marvel of Peru Timidity.

28
Meadow Lychni> /f'lV.

Meadow SaflTron My best liaya atr p<ut.


Meadowsweet
Mercury ....
Mesembryamheiriuni
UseitssHtis.
Goodnfss.
Idleness.
Mezereon . . . . Desire to ptean .

Michaelmas Dais> .
Afterthongh t.

Mignionette Your qualities turpais your


charms.
Milfoil War.
Milk vetch . . . . Your presence softens my pains
Milkwort . . . Hermitage.
Mimosa (Sensitive Plant) Sensitweness.
Mine Virtue.
Mistletoe
Mock Orange ....
Monkshood (Hdmet
.

Flower).
. 1 sitrmouut difUnities.
Counterfeit.
Chivalry. Knight-errantry.
Moonwort . . . . Forgetfulness.
Morning Glor)
Moschatel
Moss
.... Affectation.
Weakness.
Maternal lo7>e.

Mosses Ennui.
Mossy Saxifrage
Motherwort
Mountain Ash
.... . Affection.
Concealed lave.
Prudence.
Mourning Bride Unfortunate attachment.
I have lost all.
Mouse-eared Chick weed Ingenzwus simplicity.
Forget me not.
Moving Plant
Mud wort
....
Mou.ie-cared Scorpion Gras.s .

Agitation.
Tranquilliiy.
Mugwort ....
.

Mulberry Tree (Black)


.

.
. ,

Happiness.
1 shall not surz>Ue you.

Mushroom
Musk Plant
....
Mulberry Tree Ophite)

....
. Wisdom.
Suspicion.
Weakness.
d fference.
Mustard Seed
Myrobalan
Myrrh
.... li
Privation.
Gladness
Myrtle Love.

*9
Narcissus Egotism.
Nasturtium Patriotism,
Nettle, Burning Slander.
Nettle Tree Concert.
Night-blooming Cereus Transient
beauty.
Night Convolvulus Night.
Nightshade Truth.

30
I

Oak Leaves Bravery.


Oak Tree Hospitality.
Oak (White) . Independenc e.
Oats The witching soul of music.
Oleander Beware.
!

Olive Peace.
1
Orange Blossoms Your purity equals your
loz>eliness.
Orange Flowers Chastity. Bridal festivities.
Orange Tree . Generosity.
Orchis A Belle.
Osier Frankness.
Osmunda Dreams.
Ox Eye . Patience.
!

3*
Palm Victory.
Pansy Thoughts.
Parsley Festivity.
Pasque Flower You have no claims.
Passion Flower Religious superstition.
Patience Dock Patience.
Pea, Everlasting . An appointed meetinji.
Lasting Pleasure.
Pea, Sweet Departure.
Peach Your qualities, like your
charms, are unequalled.
Peach Blossom / am your captive.
Pear Affection.
Pear Tree Comfort.
Pennyroyal Flee away.
Peony Shame. Bashfulness
Peppermint Warmth of feeling.
Periwinkle, Blue Early friendship.
Periwinkle, White . Pleasures of memory.
Persicaria Restoration.
Persimon Bury me amid Nat*
beauties.
Peruvian Heliotrope Devotion.
Pheasants Eye . Remembrance.
'

Phlox . . . . Unanimity.
Pigeon Berry . huiifference.
Pimpernel Change.
Pine
Pine-apple
.... .

. Pity.
Assignation-

You arc perfect.


Pine, Pitch Philosophy.
Pine, Spruce Hope
Pink ....
Pink, Carnation
.

,
in ntkrersity.
Boldness.
Woman s love.
Pink, Indian, Double . . Always lonely.
Pink, Indian, Single . Aversion.
Pink, Mountain . Aspiring.
Pink, Red, Double Pure ami ardent love.
Pink, Single . . Pure love.
Pink, Variegated . . Refusal.
^Pmk, White 1 ngeniousness. Talent.
Plane Tree . Genius.
Plum, Indian . . Privation.
Plum Tree . Fidelity.
Plum, Wild . Independence.
Polyanthus Pride of riches.
Polyanthus, Crimson The heart's mystery.
Polyanthus, Lilac . . Confidence.
Pomegranate . Foolishness.
Pomegranate, Flower Mature elegance.
Poplar, Black Courage.
Poplar, White Time.
Poppy, Red . Consolation.
Poppy, Scarlet Fantastic extravagance
Poppy, White Sleep. My bane. M;
antidote.
Potato Benevolence.

33
Prickly Pear . Satire.
Pride of China Dissension.
Primrose Early youth.
Primrose, Evening Inconstancy.
Primrose, Red Unpatronized merit.
Privet Prohibition.
Purple Clover Provident.
Pyrus Japonica Fairies' fire.

34 I

11
35

4
7
^

Wit
Ragged Robin
Ranunculus
Ranunculus, Garden
.... You are radiant with charms.
You are rich in attractions.
Ranunculus, Wild
Raspberry
Ray
....
....
. Ingratitude.
Remorse.

Red
Reed
Grass
Catchfly .... J'ice.

Youthful love.
Complaisance. Music.
Reed, Split . . . . Indiscretion.

Rhubarb
Rocket
....
Rhododendron Rosebay) Danger.
Advice.
Rivalry.
Beware.

'/Rose Lo^>e.
Ro.se,
Rose,
Rose,
Austrian
Bridal
Burgundy
.... Thou art
Happy
all that is lai>ely
love.
Unconscious beauty.
Rose, Cabbage A mbassador of love.
Rose, Campion Only deserz'e my love.
Rose,
Rose,
Rose,
Carolina
China
Christmas
.... Lo7fe is dangerous.
Beauty always new.
Tranquillize my anxiety.

36
Rose, Daily . Thy smile / aspire to.
Rose, Damask Brilliant complexion.
Rose, Deep Red Bashful shame.
Rose, Dog Pleasure and pain.
Rose, Guelder Winter. Age.
Rose, Hundred-leaved Pride.
Rose, Japan . Beauty is your only attraction.
Rose. Maiden Hlush 1/ you loi>e me^ you will find it
out.
Rose, Multiflora Grace.
Rose, Mundi . Variety.
Rose, Musk , Capricious beauty.
Rose, Musk, (duster Charming.
Rose, Single . Simplicity.
Rose, Thornless Early attachment.
Rose, Unique Call me not beautiful.
Rose, White . I am worthy of you.
Rose, White (withered) Transient impressions.
Ro<e, Yellow . Decrease of love. Jealously.
^ Rose, York and Lancaster War.
Rose, Full-blown, placed over
two Buds Secrecy.

V^Rose, White and Red
I together. . . Unity.
j
Roses,Crown of Reward of virtue.
[
Rosebud, Red Pure and lovely.
Rosebud, White Girlhood.
Rosebud, Moss Confession oj love.
Rosebay (Rhododendron) Beware. Danger.
Rosemary Remembrance.
Rudbeckia Justice.
Rue Disdain.
Rush Docility.
Rye Grass Changeable disposition

37
Saffron ....
Saffron Crocus
.

.
Beware of excess.
Mirth.
Meadow My happiest days are past.
Saffron,
Sage .... .

Domestic virtue.

Sainfoin ....
Sage, Garden.

Saint Johns Wort


Esteem.
Agitation.

Sardony .... Animtfsity.


Irony.
Aflection.
Superstition.

Saxifrage,
Scabious ....
Mossy

Scabious, Sweet
.

Unfortunate love.
Widowhood.

Scotch Fir
....
Scarlet Lychnis
Schinus
.

.
Sunbeaming eyes.
Religious enthusiasm.
Elevation.

Senvy
Shamrock
....
Sensitive Plant .

.
Sensibility.
Indifference.
Delicate feelings.

Light heartedness.
Snakesfoot . Horror.

38
. . .

1 1

Snapdragon Presumption.
Snowball . Bound.
Snowdrop Hope.
Sorrel
Sorrel,
....
Wild .
.
.

Affection.
Wit ill-timed
Sorrel, Wood . Joy.
Southernwood Jest. Bantering.
Spanish Jasmine . Sensuality.
Spearmint Warmth of sentiment.
Speedwell Female fidelity.
Speedwell, Germander . . Facility.
Speedwell, Spiked Semblance.
Spider, Ophrys . Adroitness.
Spiderwort . Esteem not love.
Spiked Willow Herb . . Pretension.
Spindle Tree . . Your charms are engraTKn oh
my heart.
Star of Bethlehem . . Purity.
Starwort . Afterthought.

Stock
Stock,
....
Starwort, American

Ten Week .
Cheerfulness in old age.
L asting be a uty.
Promptness.
Stonecrop Tranquillity.
Straw, Broken R upture of a contract.
Straw, Whole. . Union.
Strawberry Tree . Esteem and love.
Sumach, Venice . Splendour. I ntellectucU
excellence.
Sunflower, Dwarf . . Adoration.
Sunflower, Tall . H a ugh tiness.
Swallow-wort. . Cure for heartache.
Sweet Basil . . Good wishes.
Sweetbrier, American . . Simplicity.
Sweetbrier, European . I wound to heal.
Sweetbrier, Yellow . Decrease of love.
Sweet Pea . Delicate pleasures.
Sweet Sultan . . Felicity.
Sweet Willinm Gallantry.
Sycamore
Syringa ....
Syringa, Carolina .
.

.
Curiosity.
Meniory.
Disappointment.

39
Tamarisk , Crime.
Tansy (Wild). . I declare war against you
Teasel Misanthropy.
Tendrils of Climbing Plants Ties.
Thistle, Common A us ferity.
Thistle, Fullers . Misanthropy
Thistle, Scotch . Retaliation.
Thorn Apple Deceitful charms.
Thorn, Branch o Severity.
Thrift Sympathy.
Throat wort . Neglected beauty.
Thyme. Activity.
Tiger Flower For once may pride hefriena me.
Travellers Joy . Safety.
Tree of Life Old age.
TrefoU. Revenge.

&
I

Trcmella Nestoc . Resistance.
Trillium Pictum . .Modest beauty.
Truffle . Surprise.
Trumpet Flower . Fame.
Tuberose
Tulip
Tulip,
....
Red
.

.
Dangerous pleasures.
Fame.
Declaration of love.
Tulip, Variegated . . Beautifil eyes.

....
Tulip, Yellow
Turnip
Tussilage (Sweet-scented)
.

.
Hopeless love.
Charity.
Justice shall be done you.

4T
disposition.
Valerian, Greek Rupture. \

Venice Sumach Intellectual excellence*


Splendour. )
Venus Car . Fly with me.
Venus Looking-glass . Flattery.
Venus Trap . . Deceit.
Vernal Grass . . Poor, but happy.
Veronica . . Fidelity.
Vervain . . Enchantment.
Vine . Intoxication.
Violet, Blue Faithfulness.
Violet, Dame . . Watchfulness.
Violet, Sweet . . Modesty.
Violet, Yellow. . Rural happiness.
Virginian Spiderwort . Momentary happiness.
Virgins Bower . Filial love.
Volkamenia . May you be happy.

42
]

Walnut . Intellect. Stratagem.


Wall-flower Fidelity in adversity.
Water Lily Purity of heart.
Water Melon . Bulkiness.
Wax Plant S usceptihility.
Wheat Stalk . Riches.
Whin A nrer.
White Jasmine Amiableness.
White Lily Purity and Modesty.
White Mullein. Good nature.
White Oak /ndefendence.
White Pink Talent.
White Poplar . Time.
White Rose (dried; Death preferable to loss
of innocence.
Whortleberry . Treason.
Willow, Creeping Loveforsaken.
Willow, Water Freedom.

A-
Willow, Weeping Mourning.
Willow-Herb . Pretension.
Willow, PVench Bravery and humanity.
Winter Cherry Deception.
Witch Hazel . A spell.
Woodbine Fraternal love.
Wood Sorrel . Joy. Maternal tenderness.
Wormwood Absence.
Xanthiiim
Xeranthemum
....
. . .
Rudeness. Pertinacity.
Cheerfulness under adversity.

45
46
t

Zephyr Flower Expectation.


Zinnia .
Thoughts oj absent friends.

47
Absence Wormwood.
Abuse not Crocus.
Acknowledgment . Canterbury Bell.
Activity . . Thyme.
Admiration . A methyst.
Adoration Dwarf Sunflower
Adroitness Spider Ophrys.
Adulation
Advice
Affection
.... Ceualia.
Rhubarb.
Mossy Saxifrage.
Affection Pear.
Affection Sorrel.
Affection beyond the grave Green Locust.
Affection, maternal Cinquefoil.
Affectation . Cockscomb Amaranth.
Affectation . Morning Glory.
Afterthought Michaelmas Daisy.
Afterthought Star7vort.
Afterthought China A ster.
Agreement
Age
Agitation
.... . Straw.
Guelder Rose.
Moving Plant.
Agitation Sainfoin.
Alas ! for my poor heart Deep Red Carnation.
Always cheerful . Coreopsis.
Always lovely Indian Pink ( double).
Ambassador of love Cabbage Rose.

48
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Amiability .... Jasmine.


Anger
Animosity ....
....
Anticipation
Whin.
St. John's Wort.
Gooseberry.

Ardour
Argument
.....
Anxious and trembling

....
Red Columbine:
Cuckoo Plant.
Fig.
Arts or artifice Acanthus.

....
Assiduous to please
Assignation
....
Sprig of Ivy with
Pimpernel.
tendrils.

Attachment
Audacity .... Indian Jasmine.
Larch.
Avarice
Aversion .... Scarlet Auricula.
China or Indian Pink.

Bantering ....
.... Southernwood.
Baseness
Bashfulness....
Bashful shame
Dodder of Thyme.
Peony.
Deep Red Rose.
Beautiful eyes Variegated Tulip.
Beauty Party-coloured Daisy.
Beauty always new China Rose.
Beauty, capricious Lcuiys Slipper.
Beauty, capricious Musk Rose.
Beauty, delicate . F"lower of an Hour.
Beauty, delicate . Hibiscus.
Beauty, divine American Cowslip.
Beauty, glorious . Glory Flower.
Beauty, lasting Stock.
Beauty, magnificent Calla FEthiopica.
Beauty, mental Clematis.
Beauty, modest Trillium Pictum.
Beauty, neglected Throatwort.
Beauty, pensive .
Laburnum.
Beauty, rustic French Honeysuckle.
Beauty, unconscious Burgundy Rose.
Beauty isyour only attraction Japan Rose.
Belle
Be mine ....
....
Orchis.
Four-leaved Clover.
Beneficence
Benevolence ....
....
Marshmallcnu.
Potato.
Betrayed
Beware .... White Catchfly.
Oleander,
Beware
Blackness ....
....
Rosebay.
Ebony Tret.
Bluntness
Blushes ....
....
Borage.
Marjoram.
Boaster
Boldness
Bonds
.... Hydrangea.
Pink.
Convolvulus.
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Bonds of Affection Gillyflower.


Bravery . . . Oak Leaves.
Bravery and humanity French Willoxv.
Bridal favour Ivy Geranium.
Brilliant complexion . Damask Rose.
Bulk
Busybody ....
Bury me amid Natures beauties
IVater Melon.
Quamoclit.
Persimon.
Gourd.

Call me
Calm repose ....
not beautiful

....
. Rose Unique.
Buckbean.
Calumny
Calumny
Change
.... . .
Hellebore.
Madder.
Pimpernel.
Changeable disposition Rye Grass.
Charity
Charming ....
Charms, deceitful
Turnip.
Cluster of Musk Roses.
Thorn Apple.
Cheerfulness in old age American Stamvort.

Chivalry
Cleanliness
....
Cheerfulness under adversity

....
Chinese Chrysanthemum.
Monkshood (Helmet Flower]
Hyssop.
Coldheartedness
Coldness .... . Lettuce.
Agnus Cast us.
Come down ....
Colour of my life

....
. Coral Honeysuckle.
Jacob's Ladder.
Comfort
Comforting
Compassion
....
....
Pear Tree.
Bearlet Geranium.
Allspice.
Concealed love
Concert
Concord
....
....
Motherwort.
Nettle Tree.
Lote Tree.

Confidence ....
Confession of love

....
Moss Rosebud.
Hepatic a.
Confidence
Confidence ....
Confidence in Heaven .
Lilac Polyanthus.
Liverwort.
Flowering Reed.
Conjugal love
Consolation
Constancy
....
....
Limey or Linden Tree.
Red Poppy.
Bluebell.
Consumed by
Counterfeit
Courage
....
....
love Syrian Mallcnv.
Mock Orange.
Blcuk Poplar.
Crime Tamarisk.
Cure Balm of Gilead.
....
Cure for heartache
Curiosity
Swallow-wort.
Sycamore.

Danger ....
Dangerous Pleasures .
Rhododendron.
Tuberose.
Rosebay.
. .

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Death ....
Death preferable to loss of
Cypress.
White R ose (dried).
Deceit .
Apocynnni.
Deceit . Flytrap.
Deceit . Do^sbane.
Deceitful charms Thorn Apple.
Deception White Cherry Tree.
Declaration of \o\ Red Tulip.
Decrease of lov Yelloiv Rose.
Delay . Eupatorium
Delicacy Bluebottle. Centaury.
Dejection Lichen.
Desire to pie Mezereon.
Despair Cypress.
Despondency Humble Plant.
Devotion Feritvian Heliotrope.
Difficulty Blackthorn.
Dignity Cloz'es.
Dignity Laurel-leaved Magnolia.
Disappointment Carolina Syringa.
Disdain Velloiv Carnation.
Disdain Rue.
Disgust Frog Ophrys.
Dissension Pride of China.
Distinction Cardinal Flower.
Distrust Lavender.
Divine beauty American Ccnvslip.
Docility Rush.
Domestic industry Flax.
Domestic virtue Sage.
Durability Dognvood.
Duration Cornel Tree.

Early attachment Thornless Rose.


Early friendship . Blue Periwinkle.
Early youth , Primrose.
Elegance Locust Tree.
Elegance and grace Yellovu Jasmine.
Elevation Scotch Fir.
Eloquence . Indian Lagcrstrcemia.
Enchantment Holly Herb.
Enchantment Vervain.
Energy in adversity Camomile.
Envy Bramble.
Error Bee Ophrys.
Error Fly Orchis.
Esteem Garden Sa^e.
Esteem not love . Spiderwof.
Esteem and love . Strawberry Tree.
Estranged love . Lotus Flower.

51
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Excellence . Camellia Japovica.


Expectation . A netnone.
Expectation . Zephyr Flower.
Expected meeting Nutjneg Geranium.
Extent . Gourd.
Extinguished hopes Major Cotivolvulus.

Facility Germander Speedwell.


Fairies fire Pyrus Japonica.
Faithfulness Blue Violet.
Faithfulness Heliotrope.
Falsehood Buglass.
Falsehood Yellow Lily.
Falsehood Manchineal Tree.
Fame Tiilip. Trumpet Flower.
F'ame speaks him great and gooc Apple Blossom.
F'antastic extravagance Scarlet Poppy.
Farewell Michaelmas Daisy.
Fascination Fern.
F'ascination Honesty.
F'ashion Queens Rocket.
Fecundity Hollyhock.
F^elicity Sweet Sultan.
Female fidelity Speedwell.
F'estivity Parsley.
Fickleness A da tin a.
Fickleness Pink Larkspur.
Filial love VirgifPs bower.
Fidelity Veronica. Ivy.
Fiilelity Plum Tree.
Fidelity in adversity Wall-flower.
Fidelity in love Lemon Blossoms.
Fire Fleur-de-L uce.
First emotions of love Purple Lilac.
Flame . Fleur-de-lis. Iris.
Flattery Vemis' Looking-glass.
F'lee away Pennyroyal.
Fly with me . Venus' Car.
F^olly . Columbine.
F'oppery Cockscomb Amaranth.
Foolishne.ss . Pomegranate.
F"oresight Holly.
Forgetfulness Moonwort.
F'orget me not Forget Me Not.
For once may pride befriend me Tiger Floioer.
F'orsaken Garden A nemont.
F'orsaken Laburnum
Frankness Osier.
Fraternal love Woodbine.
Freedom Water Willow.

52
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Freshness
Friendship
....
. . .
Damask
Acacia.
Rose.

Friendship, early .
Blue Periivinklc
Friendship, true . .
Oak-leaved GcraJiinm

Frivolity
Frugality
....
Friendship, unchanging

....
Arbor JittP.
London Pride.
Chicory. Endive.

Gaiety
Gaiety
Gallantry
.....
....
Butterjly Orchis.
Yellow Lily.
Sweet William.
Generosity .
Orange Tree.

Genius .....
Generous and devoted affection

....
French Honeysuckle.
Plane Tree.
Gentility
Girlhood
(iladness
....
....
Corn Cockle.
White Rosebud.
Myrrh.
Glory
Glory ..... Bay Tree.
Laurel.

Goodness
Goodness
....
Glorious beauty

....
.
Glory Flower.
Bonus Henriens.
Mercury.

....
Good education
....
Good wishes
Goodnature
.
Cherry Tree.
S^veet Bazil.
White Mullein.
Gossip Coboea.
Grace Multijlora Rose.

Grandeur
Gratitude
....
Grace and elegance

....
Yello^v Jasmine.
Ash Tree
Small White Bcll-Jlower.
(irief Harebell.
Grief Marigold.

Happy love .... Bridal Rose


Hatred
Haughtiness
Haughtiness
.... Basil.
Purple Larkspur.
Tall Sunfl&wer.
Health
Hermitage .... Icelcend I^Ioss.
Milkwort.
Hidden worth
Honesty
Hope
.... Coriander.
Honesty.
Flowering A Imond.
Hope Hawthorn.
Hope . . .
Snowdrop,
Hope in adversity spruce Pine.
Hopeless Jove Yellow Tulip.
Hopeless, not heartless Love Lies Bleeding.
Horror
Horror
Horror
..... Mandrake.
Dragonsauort.
Snakes/oot.
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Hospitality Oak Tree.


Humility Broom.
Humility Small BituTiueed.
Humility Field L Hoc.

I am too happy . Cape Jasmine.


1 am your captive Peach Blossom.
I am worthy of you . ,
White Rose.
I change but in death . Bay LeaJ.
1 declare against you Belvedere.
I declare against you . Liquorice.
I declare war against you . Wild Tansy.
I die if neglected . Laurcstina.
I desire a return of affection Jonquil.
I feel my obligations Lint.
I feel your kindness Flax.
I have lost all . . . Mourning Bride.
I live for thee Cedar Leaf.
I love Red Chrysanthemum.
I partake of your sentiments Double China Aster.
I partake your sentiments . Garden Daisy.
I shall die to-morrow . Gum Cistus.
I shall not survive you Black Mulberry.
I surmount difficulties . Mistletoe.
I will think of it . Single China Aster.
I wll think of it . Wild Daisy.
I wound to heal . Eglantine (Sweettrier).
If
Idleness ....
you love me, you will find it out Maiden Blush Rose.
Mesembrya n th em u m

Imagination
Immortality
....
Ill-natured beauty

....
Citron.
L upine.
Amaranth (Globe).
Impatience . Yellow Balsam.
Impatient of absence . Corchorus.
Impatient resolves Red Balsam.
Imperfection
Importunity
Inconstancy
....
....
Henbane.
Burdock.
Evening Primrose.
Incorruptible Cedar of Lebanon.
Independence Wild Plum Tree.
Independence
Indifference ....
....
White Oak.
EverjJowering Candytuft.
Indifference
Indifference ....
....
Mustard Seed.
Pigeon Berry.
Indifference
Indiscretion
Industry
....
....
Senvy.
lip lit Reed.
Red Clover.
Industry, Domestic Flax.
Ingeniousness
Ingenuity .... White Pink..
Pencilled Geranium.

54
5

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Ingenuous simplicity Mousc-cared C/iickwecd


Ingratitude . Cr<nv/oot.
Innocence Daisy.
Insincerity . Fo xglovc.
Insinuation . Great Bindzvecd.
Inspiration . .4 ngelica.
Instability . Dahlia.
Intellect Walnut.
Intoxication
Irony ....
. Vine.
Sardany

Jealousy French Marigold.


Yellow R ose.
Jealousy
Jest
Joy
.... Southernwood.
Wood Sorrel.
Joys
Justice
1

j ustice shall
....
come

be done to you
Lesser Celandine.
Riuibeckia.
Coltsfoot.
J ustice shall be done to you Sxveet-sccnted Tussilage.

Knight-errantry .
Helmet Flower ( Monkshood).

Lamentation Aspon Tree.


Lasting beauty Stock.
Lasting pleasures .
Everlasting Pea.
Let me go
Levity .... .
Butterfly Weed.
Larkspur.
Liberty
Life
Lightheartedness
.... .
Live Oak.
Lucent.
Shamrock.
Lightness Larkspur.
Live for me
Love
I^ove
....
....
.
Arbor Vi ice.
Myrtle.
Rose.
Love, forsaken Creeping Willow.
Love, returned A mbrosia.
Lustre ....
I, ove is dangerous Carolina Rose.
Aconite-leaved Crowfoot, or
hair Maid of France.
Lu.xury. Clusnut Tree.

Magnificent beauty Calla eEthiopica.


Majesty Croivn Imperial.
Malevolence Lobelia,
Marriage . .
Ivy.
Maternal affection Cinquefoil.
Maternal love Moss.
Maternal tenderness Wood Sorrel.
Matrimony .
American Linden.
May you be happy Volkamenia.

55
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Meanness
Meekness
Melancholy
.....
.....
Cuscuta.
Birch.
Dark Geranium.
Melancholy
Mental beauty
Mental beauty
....
....
Dead Leaves.
Clematis.
Kennedia.
Messa^^e
Mildness ..... Iris.
Mallow.
Mirth
Misanthropy. ....
....
Saffron Crocus.
A conite ( Wolfsbane).
Misanthropy.
Modest beauty
Modest genius
....
....
Fuller s Teasel.
Trillium Pictum,
Creeping Cereus.
Modesty Violet.
Modesty and purity White Lily.
Momentary happiness . Virginian Spiderwort.
Mourning Weeping Willow.
Music Bundles of Reed with their
panicles.
My best days are past . Colchicum^orMea dow Saffron
My regrets follow you to the grave A sphodel.
Neatness Broom.
Neglected beauty Throatwort.
Never-ceasing remembrance Everlasting.

Old age Tree of Life.


Only deserve my love . Campion Rose.
Painful recollections . Flos A donis.
Painting
....
Painting the lily
A uricula.
Daphne Odora.
Passion
Paternal error
Patience
....
.....
White Dittany.
Cardamifie.
Dock. Ox Eye.
Patriotism A merican Elm.
Patriotism Nasturtium.
Peace Olive.
Perfected loveliness Camellia Japonica, White.
Perfidy
Pensive beauty
Perplexity
.... Common Laurel^ in flower.
Laburnum.
Love in a Mist.
Persecution
Perseverance
Persuasion
.... Chequered Fritillary.
S^vamp Magnolia.
Althea Frutex.
Persuasion Syrian Mallow.
Pertinacity Clotbur.
Pity Pine.
Pleasure and pain
Pleasure, lasting .... Dog Rose.
Everlasting Pea.
.. .

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

U'^hite Periwinkle.
Pleasures of memory
Pt>pular favour .
Cist us., or Rock Rose.
Poverty Evergreen Cle^natis.
Power .
Imperial Montagtie.
Power .
Cress.
Precaution Golden Rod.
Prediction Prophetic Marigold.
Pretension Spifeed I Pillow Herb.
Pride A maryllis.
Pride .
Hundred-lea7'ed Rose.
Privation Indian Plum.
Privation Myrobalan.
Profit .
Cabbage.
Prohibition .
Privet.
Prolific .
Fig Tree.
Promptness .
Ten-week Stock.
Prosperity Beech Tree.
Protection Bearded Crepis.
Prudence Mountain Ash.
Pure love SingleRed Pink.
Pure and ardent love Double Red Pink.
Pure and lovely .
Red Rosebud.
Purity .
Star of Bethlehem.

uarrel Broken Corn-straw.


uicksightedness .
Hawkweed.

Reason .
Goat's Rue.
Recantation .
Lotus Leaf
Recall . .
Silver-leaved Geranium.
Reconciliation Filbert.
Reconciliation Hazel.
Refusal Striped Carnation.
Regard. Daffodil.
Relief .
Balm of Gilea.l.
Relieve my anxiety Christmas Rose.
Religious superstition Aloe.
Religious superstition Passion Flower.
Religious enthusiasm Schinus.
Remembrance Rosemary.
Remorse Bramble.
Rem orse Raspberry.
Rendezvous Chickweed.
Reserve Maple.
Resistance .
Tremella Nestoc.
Restoration .
Persicaria.
Retaliation .
Scotch Thistle.
Return of happiness Lily of the Valley.
Revenge Birdsfoot Trefoil.
Reverie FUnoering Fern.

57
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Reward of merit . Bay Wreath.


Reward of virtue. Garland oj Roses.
Riches . Corn.
Rigour . Lantana.
Rivalry. Rocket.
Rudeness Clotbur.
Rudeness Xanthiunt.
Rural happiness . Yellow Violet.
Rustic beauty French Honeysuckle.
Rustic oracle Dandelion.

Sadness Dead Leas es.


Safety . Traveller s Joy.
Satire . Prickly Pear.
Sculpture Hoya.
Secret Love . Yellow Acacia.
Semblance . Spiked Speedwell.
Sensitiveness Mimosa.
Sensuality . Spanish Jasmine.
Separation . Carolina Jasmine.
Severity Branch of Thorns.
Shame . Peony.
Sharpness Barberry Tree.
Sickness A nemonc ( Zephyr Flower).
^Silliness Fool's Parsley.
Simplicity . A merican Sweetbrier.
Sincerity Garden Chervil.
Slighted love Yello7v Chrysanthemum.
Snare . Catchjly. Dragon Plant.
Solitude Heath.
Sorrow Yew.
Sourness of Temper Barberry.
Spell . Circoea.
Spleen . Fumitory.
Splendid beauty . A maryIUs.
Splendour . A usturtium.
Sporting Pox-tail Grass.
Stedfast Piety Wild Geranium.
.Stoicism Box Tree.
Strength Cedar. Fennel.
Submission . Grass.
Submission . Harebell.
.Success crown your wishes . Coronella.
.Succour Juniper.
Sunbeam ing eyes Scarlet Lychnis.
.Surprise Trujfle.
Susceptibility Wax Plant.
Suspicion Champignon.
Sympathy . Balm.
Sympathy . Thrift.

58
.

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Talent White Pink.


Tardiness . . . . Flax-leaved GoUiy-locks.
Taste Scarlet Fuchsia.
Tears
Temperance .... Helenium.
Azalea.
Temptation
Thankfulness
The colour of my fate
.... .
Apple.
Agrimony.
Coral Ho^uy suckle.
The hearts mystery . . . Crimson Polyanthus.
The perfection of female loveliness /usticia.
The witching soul of music Oats.
Thoughts Paftsy.
Thoughts of absent friends Zinnia.
Thy frown will kill me Currant.
Thy smile I aspire to . Daily Rose.
Ties
Timidity ..... Tendrils of Climbing Plants.
A maryllis.
'Timidity
'Time ......
Tranquillity
Marvel of Peru.
White Poplar.
Mudwort.
1'ranquillity . . . Stonecrop.
Tranquillize my anxiety Christmas Rose.
Transient beauty*. Night-blooming Cercus.
Transient impressions . Withered White Rose.
Transport of joy Cape Jasmitu.
Treachery Bilberry.
Forget Me Not.
True love
True Friendship
Truth
.

....
.

Oak-leaved Geranium.
Bittersweet Nightshade.
'Truth White Chrysanthemum.

Unanimity Phlox.
Unbelief Judas Tree.
Unceasing remembrance American Cudweed.
Unchanging friendship Arbor Vitce.
Unconscious beauty . Burgundy Rose.
Unexpected meeting . Lemon Geranium.
Unfortunate attachment Mourning Bride.
Unfortunate love. Scabious.
Union Whole Stra7v.
Unity . . . . White and Red Rose together.
Unpatronized merit Red Primrose.
Uselessness Meadownveet.
Utility Grass.

Variety China Aster.


Variety Mun<ii Rose.
Vice Darnel (Ray Grass j.
Victory Palm.
Virtue Mint

59
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

Virtue, Domestic Sa^e.


Volubility . A becedary.
Voraciousness Lupine.
Vulgar Minds African Marigold,

War . York and Lancaster Rose.


War . A ch illea blillefolia
Warlike trophy Indian Cress.
Warinth of feeling Peppermint.
Watchfulness Dame Violet.
Weakness . Moschatel.
Weakness . Musk Plant.
Welcome to a stra: A merican tStaru'crt.
Widowhood. Siueet Scabious.
Win me and weai Lady's Slipper.
Winning grace Co^vslip.
Winter Guelder Rose.
Wit . . Meado^v Lychnis.
Wit ill-timed Wild Sorrel.
Witchcraft . Enchan ter s Nii^h tsha, ic.
Worth beyond beauty Sweet Alyssum.
Worth sustained by judicious and tender
affection Pink Convolvulus,
Worthy all praise fennel.

You are cold Hortensia.


You are my divinity . American Cowslip.
You are perfect . Pine Apple.
You are radiant with charms Ranunculus.
You are rich in attractions .
Garden Ranunculus.
You are the queen of coquettes Queen s Rocket.
You have no claims Pasque Flower.
You please all .
Branch of Currants.
>rou will be my death .
Hemlock.
Your charms are engraven on my hca Spindle Tree.
Your looks freeze me . Ice Plant.
Your presence softens my pains Milkvetch.
Your purity equals your loveliness Orange Blossoms.
Your

Your
unequalled ....
qualities, like your charms, are

qualities surpass your charm:


Peach.
Mignionettc.
Youthhil innocence
Youthful love .... White Lilac.
Red Catchfly.
Zealousne.ss .
Elder.
Zest Lemon.

6o
! !

Lang^iage of Flowers.

DAFFODILS. THE ROSE.


I WANDERED loncly as a cloud Go, lovely Rose
That on high oer vales and hills,
floats Tell her that wastes her time on me,
When all at once I saw a crowd, That now she knows,
A host of golden Daffodils ;
When I resemble her to thee.
Beside the lake, beneath the trees. How sweet and fair she seems to be.
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Tell her thats young.
And shuns to have her graces spied.
Continuous as the stars that shine
That hadst thou sprung
And twinkle in the milky way,
In deserts where no men abide.
They stretched in never-ending line
Thou must have uncommended died.
Along the margin of a bay :

Ten thousand saw I at a glance. Small is the worth


Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. Of beauty from the light retired ;

Bid her come forth.


The waves beside them danced but they Suffer herself to be desired.
;

Outdid the sparkling waves in glee ;


And not blush so to be admired.
A poet could not but be gay,
Then die, that she
In such a jocund company ;
The common fate of all things rare
1gazed and gazed, but little thought
What wealth to me the show had brought May read in thee ;

How small a part of time they share


Thou are so wondrous sweet and fair.
For oft when on my couch I lie.

In vacant or in pensive mood, Yet, though thou fade.


They flash upon that inward eye From thy dead leaves let fragrance rise
Which is the bliss of solitude ; And teach the maid
And then my heart with pleasure fills. That goodness Times rude hand defies;
And dances with the Daffodils. That virtue lives when beauty dies.

Wordsworth. Waller.

6i
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

THE SENSITIVE PLANT


A Sensitive Plant in a garden grew,
And the young winds fed it with silver dew,
And it opened its fan-like leaves to the light,

And closed them beneath the kisses of Night.


* * * * *

But none ever trembled and panted with bliss


In the garden, the field, or the wilderness,
Like doe in the noontide with loves sweet want,
As the companionless Sensitive Plant.

The snowdrop, and then the violet,


Arose from the ground with warm rain wet,
And their breath was mixed w*th fresh odour, sent.
From the turf, like the voice and the instrument.

Then the pied wind-flowers and the tulip tall.

And narcissi, the fairest among them all.

Who gaze on their eyes in the streams recess.


Till they die of their own dear loveliness.

And the naiad-like lily of the vale.


Whom youth makes so fair and passion so pale.
That the light of its tremulous bells is seen
Through their pavilions of tender green ;

And the hyacinth purple, and white, and blue.


Which flung from its bells a sweet peal anew
Of music so delicate, soft and intense,
It was felt like an odour within the sense !

And the rose like a nymph to the bath addrest.


Which unveiled the depth of her glowing breast.
Till, fold after fold, to the fainting air
The soul of her beauty and love lay bare :

62
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

And the wand-like lily, which lifted up,


As a Maenad, its moonlight-coloured cup,
Till the fiery star, which is its eye.
Gazed through the clear dew on the tender sky ;

And the jessamine faint, and the sweet tuberose.


The sweetest flower for scent that blows ;

And all rare blossoms from every clime


Grew in that garden in perfect prime.

The Sensitive Plant, which could give small fruit


Of the love which it felt from the leaf to the root.
Received more than all [flowers], it loved more than ever,
Where none wanted but it, could belong to the giver

For the Sensitive Plant has no bright flower ;

Radiance and odour are not its dower ;

It loves, even like Love its deep heart is full,


It desires what it has not, the beautiful I

Each and all like ministering angels were

For the Sensitive Plant sweet joy to bear.


Whilst the lagging hours of the day went by
Like windless clouds oer a tender sky.

And when evening descended from heaven above.


And the earth was all rest, and the air was all love,
And delight, though less bright, was far more deep,
And the days veil fell from the world of sleep,
* * #
The was the earliest
Sensitive Plant
Up-gathered into the bosom of rest ;

A sweet child weary of its delight,


The feeblest, and yet the favourite.
Cradled within the embrace of night.

Shelley.

63
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

O LUVE WILL JENI'URE IN, vS-r.

Tune The Posie."

O LUVE will venture in, where it daur na weel be seen,


0 luve will venture in, where wisdom ance has been ;

But I will down yon river rove, amang wood


the sae green,
And a' to pu a posie to my ain dear May.

The primro.se I will pu, the firstling o the year,


.And I will pu the pink, the emblem o my dear,
For shes the pink o womankind, and blooms without a peer;
And a to be a posie to my ain dear May.

1 ll budding rose, when Phoebus peeps in view.


pu the
For a baumy kiss o her sweet bonnie mou \
it s like
The hyacinth 's for constancy w its unchanging blue.
And a to be a posie to my ain dear May.

The lily it is pure, and the lily it is fair,

And in her lovely bosom I ll place the lily there ;

The daisy s for simplicity and unaffected air.

And a to be a posie to my ain dear May.

The hawthorn I will pu, wd its locks o siller grey,


Where, like an aged man, it stands at break o day,
P>ut the songsters nest within the bush I winna tak away;
And a to be a posie to my ain dear May.

The woodbine I will pu' when the eening star is near.


And the diamond-drops o dew shall be her een sae clear
The violet s for modesty which weel she fas to wear.
And a to be a posie to my ain dear May.

I ll tie the posie round w the silken band o luve,


And I ll place it in her breast, and I ll swear by a above,
That to my latest draught o life the band shall neer remuve,
And this will be a posie to my ain dear May.
Burns.

04
; ; ;

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

MV NANXIE 5 AWA.
Tune 7/ nez*er be peace^' <5r*t.

Now in hergreen mantle blithe Nature arrays,


And listens the lambkins that bleat oer the braes.
While birds warble welcome in ilka green shaw ;

But to me it s delightless my Nannie s awa.

The snaw-drap and primrose our woodlands adorn.


And violets bathe in the weet o the morn
They pain my sad bosom, sae sweetly they blaw,
They mind me o Nannie and Nannie s awa.

Thou lavrock that springs frae the dews of the lawn,


The shepherd to warn o the grey-breaking dawn.
And thou mellow mavis that hails the night-fa.
Give over for pity my Nannie s awa.

Come, autumn, sae pensive, in yellow and grey.


And sooth me wi' tidings o Natures decay
The dark, dreary winter, and wild-driving snaw,
Alane can delight me now Nannies awa.
BiRNS.

THEIR GROVES,
Tune Humours of Glen."

Their gp-oves o sweet myrtle let foreign lands reckon.


Where bright-beaming summers exalt the perfume ;

Far dearer to me yon lone glen o green breckan,


Wi the burn stealing under the lang yellow broom.

Far dearer to me are yon humble broom bowers.


Where the blue-bell and gowan lurk lowly unseen
For there, lightly tripping amang the wild flowers,
A listening the linnet, aft wanders my Jean.
Burns.

65
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

TO A MOUNTAIN DAISY, There, in thy scanty mantle clad,


Thy snawy bosom sun-ward spread,
On turning one down with a plough, in Thou lifts thy unassuming head
April 1786. In humble guise
But now the share uptears thy bed,
Wee, modest, crimson-tipped flowr, And low thou lies !

Thous met me in an evil hour


For I maun crush amang the stoure Such is the fate of artless Maid,
Thy slender stem Sweet flow' ret of the rural .shade !

To spare thee now is past my powr, By loves simplicity betrayd.

Thou bonnie gem. And guileless trust.


Till she, like thee, all soild, is laid
Low i the dust.
Alas ! its no thy neebor sweet.
The bonnie Lark, companion meet Such is the fate of simple Bard,
Bending thee mang the dewy weet On rough ocean luckless
lifes starrd !

Wi spreckled breast, Unskilful he to note the card


When upward-springing, blythe, to greet Of prudent lore,
The purpling east. Till billows rage, and gales blow hard.
And whelm him oer !

C tuld blew the bitter-biting north


Upon thy early, humble birth ; Such fate to sufllering worth is givn.
Yet cheerfully thou glinted forth Who long with wants a id woes has strivn.

Amid the storm. By human pride or cunning drivn,


Scarce reard above the parent earth I'o misrys brink,

Thy tender form. I'ill wrenchd of evry stay but Heav'n,


He, ruind, sink !

The flaunting flowrs our gardens yield.


Evn thou who mournst the Daisys fate.
High sheltring woods and was maun shield,
That fate is thine no distant date ;

But thou beneath the random bield Stern Ruins plough-share drives, elate,
O clod or stane, Full on thy bloom.
Adorns the histie stibble-field. Till crushd beneath the furrows weight,
Unseen, alane. Shall be thy doom !

Burns.

66
:

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

I was the Queen bonnie France,


o
LAMENT OF MARY, QUEEN Where happy hae been
I ;

Fu lightly rase 1 in the morn,


OF SCOTS. As b.ythc lay down at c en ;

And Im the sovreign of Scotland,


On the Approach of Spring And mony^ a traitor there ;

Vet here I lie in foreign lands,


Now Nature hangs her mantle green
And never ending care.
On every blooming tree,
And spreads her sheets o daisies white
thou woman,
But as for thee, false
Out o'er the grassy lea ;
My sister and my fae,
Now Phoebus cheers the crystal streams,
Grim vengeance, yet, shall whet a sword
And glacis the azure skies ;
'Ihat thro thy soul shall gae
But nought can glad the weary wight
The w eeping blood in woman s breast
That fast in durance lies. Was never known to thee;
Nor th balm that draps on wounds of woe
Frae womans pitying ee.
Now lavrocks wake the merrj- morn,
Aloft on deu'y wing ;
My son my son may kinder stars
! I

The merle, in his noontide bowr, Upon thy fortune shine ;

Makes woodland echoes ring ;


And may those pleasures gild thy reign.
The mavis mild wi many a note. That ne er wad blink on mine !

Sings drowsy day to rest :


God keep thee frae thy mothers faes.
In love and freedom they rejoice, Or turn their hearts to thee :

Wi care nor thrall opprest. And where thou meetst thy mothers friend,
Remember him for me !

Now blooms the lily by the bank,


Oh soon, to me, may summer-suns
!

The primrose down ihe brae ;


Nae mair light up the mom !

The hawthorns budding in the glen, Nae mair, to me. the autumn winds
And milk-white is the slae ; Wa\e oer the yellow corn!
The meanest hind in fair Scotland And house o death
in the narrow'
May rove their sweets amang ; Let w inter round me rave ;

But I, the Queen of a Scotland, And the next flowrs that deck the spring.
Maun lie in prison strang. Bloom on my peaceful grave !

Burns.

67
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

RED AND WHITE ROSES.


Read in these Roses the sad story
Of my hard fate, and your own glory ;

In the white you may discover


The paleness of a fainting lover ;

In the red the flames still feeding


On my heart with fresh wounds bleeding.
I'he white will tell you how 1 languish,
And the red express my anguish,
The white my innocence displaying,
The red my martyrdom betraying;
The frowns that on your brow resided,
Have those roses thus divided.
Oh ! let your smiles but clear the weather,
And then they both shall grow together.

Carf.w.

SONNET.
Sweet is the rose, but growes upon a brere ;

Sweet is the Juniper, but sharpe his bough ;

Sweet IS the Eglantine, but pricketh nere


Sweet IS the Firbloom, but his branches rough
Sweet is the Cypress, but his rind is tough.
Sweet the Nut, but bitter is his pill
IS

Sweet the Broome-flowere, but yet sowre enough


is ;

And sweet is Moly, but his roote is ill.


So every sweet with sowre is tempred still.

hat maketh it be coveted the more


'1 ;

For easie things that may be got at will,


>Iost sorts ofmen doe set but little store.
W hy then should I account of little pain.
That endless ple.isure shall unto me gaine ?

Si enser

63
;

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

TO PKIMRO^ES
F I LLEO WITH -MORNING D E W.

Why do ye weep, sweet babes? Can tears


Speak grief in you,
Who were but born
Just as the modest morn
Teemed her refreshing dew ?
Alas ! ye have not known that shower
That mars a flower ;

Nor felt the unkind


Breath of a blasting wind
Nor are ye worn with years ;

Or warped as we,
Who think it strange to see
Such pretty flowers, like to orphans young.
iSpeaking by tears before ye have a longue.

Speak, whimpering younglings, and make known


The reason why
Ve droop and weep.
Is it for want of sleep,
Or childish lullaby?
Or that ye have not seen as yet
The violet ?
Or brought a kiss
From that sweetheart to tins?
No, no ;
this sorrow shown
By your tears shed.
Would have this lecture read :

That things of greatest, so of meanest worth,


Conceived with grief are, and with tears brought forth.

Herrick.

69
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

A RED, RED ROSE. Music, when soft voices die.


Vibrates in the memory
Tune lVisha vs favourite ."
;

7 Odours when sweet violets sicken.


Love within the sense they quicken.
O, MY luves like a red, red rose,
Thats newly sprung in June : Rose leaves, when the rose is dead,
O, my luves like the melodie Are heaped for the beloveds bed :

Thats sweetly playd in tune. And so thy thoughts when thou art gone,
Love itself shall slumber on.
Shelley.
As my bonnie lass,
fair art thou,
So deep in hive am I ;

And I will luve thee still, my dear,


Till a the seas gang dry. Radi,\nt sister of the day
Awake arise and come away
! ! !

To the wild woods and the plains,


Till a the seas gang dry, my dear,
To the pools where winter rains
And the rocks melt w the sun ;
Image all their roof of leaves,
I will luve thee still, my dear,
Where the pine its garland weaves
While the sands o life shall run.
Of sapless green, and ivy dun.
Round stems that never kiss the sun,
And fare thee weel, my only luve I Where the lawns and pastures be
And fare the6 weel a while ;
.And the sandhills of the sea,
And I will come again, my luve, Where the melting hoar-frost wets
Tho it were ten thousand mile. The daisy star that never sets.
Burns. And wind-flowers and violets
Which yet join not scent to hue
Crown the pale year weak and new ,

When the night is left behind


In the deep east, dim and blind.
Virgins promised when I died. And the blue moon is over us,
That they would each primrose-tide .And the multitudinous
Duly, morn and evening, come, Billows murmur at our feet.
And with flowers dres my tomb. Where the earth and ocean meet
Having promised, pay your debts, And all things seem only one
Maids, and here strew violets. In the universal sun.
Robert Herrick. P. B. Shelley.

70
: ;

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

TO DAFFODILS, Mourn, ilka grove the cushat kens !

Ye hazlly shaws and briery dens !

Fair Daffodils, we weep to sec


Ye burnies, wimplin down your glens,
You haste away so soon ;
Wi toddlin din.
As yet, the early-rising sun Or foaming strang, wi hasty stens,
Has not attained its noon. Frae lin to lin.
Stay, stay.
Until the hastening day
Has run Mourn little harebells oer the lee
But to the even song : Ye stately foxgloves fair to see ;

And having prayed together, we Ye woodbines hanging bonnilie,


Will go with you along. In scented bowrs ;

Ye roses on your thorny tree.

We have short time to stay as you, The first o fiowrs.

We have as short a spring ;

As quick a growth to meet decay, At dawn, when ev'ry grassy blade


As you or any thing. Droops with a diamond at his head.
We die.
At evn, when beans their fragrance shed,
As your hours do, and dry
r th rustling gale,
Away, thro the glade.
Ve maukins \%hiddin
Like to the summers rain.
Come join my w.ail.
Or as the pearls of mornings dew,
Neer to be found again.
Robert Herrick. Mourn, spring, thou darling of the year ;

Ilk cowslip cup kep a tear


shall
Thou, simmer, while each corny spear
Shoots up its head.

CONS TANCY. Thy gay, green, fiowry tresses shear.


For him thats dead I

Lay a garland on my hearse


Of the dismal yew ;

Maidens willow branches bear Thou, autumn, wi thy yellow hair,


;

Say, / died true. In grief thy sallow mantle tear !

My love was false, but I was firm Thou, winter, hurling thro the air
From my hour of birth. The roaring blast.
Upon my buried body lie Wide oer the naked world declare
Lightly, gentle earth I
The worth weve lost 1

Samuel Fletcher. Burns.

71
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

TO THE SMALL CELANDINE. Prophet of delight and mirth,


111 requited upon earth ;
Pansies, Lilies, King cups, Daisies,
Herald of a mighty band,
Let them live upon iheir praises ;
Of a joyous train ensuing,
Long as there's a sun that sets,
Serving at my hearts command,
Primroses will have their glory ;

I'asks that are no tasks renewing ;

Long as there are Violets,


1 will sing, as doth behove,
They will have a place in story ;
Hymns in praise of what 1 love !

'1 heres a flower that shall be mine,


'Pis the little Celandine. WOKUSWOKTH.

Ere a leaf is on the bush.


In the time before ihe thrush
Has a thought about her nest,
Thou Wilt come with hal. a call. TO BLOSSOMS.
Spreading out thy glossy breast
Like a careless prodigal F.\ik pledges of a fruitful tree,
;

Telling tales about the sun,


Why do ye fall so fast ?

\'our date is not so past.


When weve little warmth, or none.
But you may stay yet here awhile
lo blush and gently smile,
Comfort have thou of thy merit,
.\nd go at last.
Kindly unassuming spirit I

Careless of thy neighbourhood,


I'hou dost show thy pleasant face What, were you born to be.
On the moor, and in the wood. An hour or half s delight.
In the lane theres not a place. And so to bid good-night?
Howsoever mean it be. 1 was pityNature brought ye forth,
But tis good enough for thee. .Merely to show your worth
And lose you quite.
Ill befall the yellow flowers,

Children of the flaring hours


But you are lovely leaves, where we
I

Buttercups that will be seen. May read, how soon things have
Whether we will see or no ;
Their end, though neer so brave :

Others, too, of lofty mien. have shown their pride.


And after they
They have done as worldlings do, Like you, awhile, they glide
Taken praise that should be thine. Into the grave.
Little, humble Celandine !

Herrick.

72
;

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

THE LJL V AXD THE ROSE. THE WALL^FLOWER.


The nymph must lose her female friend, Why this flower is now called so.

more admired than she


If List, sweet maids, and you shall know.
Hut where will fierce contention end, Understand this firstling wa.s

It fiowers can disagree. Once a brisk and bonny la.ss,


Kept as close as Danae was.
Within the gardens peaceful scene Who a sprightly springald loved ;

-And to have it fully proved.


-Appeard two lovely foes,
Aspiring to the rank of queen, Up she got upon a wall,
1 he Lily and the Rose.

I'empting down to .^lidc withal
But the silken twist untied.
1 he Rose soon reddend into rage, So she fell, and, bruised, she died.
Jove, in pity of the deed.
-\nd, swelling with disdain,
-Appeald to many a poets page
And her loving, luckless speed.
urnd her to this plant we call
'l
'I'o prove her right to reign.
Now the flower of the wall.
I'he Lily's height bespoke command. HtRRICK.
A fair imperial flower;
She seemd designed for Floras hand,
The sceptre of her power.

Ihis civil bick'ring and debate


HIE PR mROSE.
The goddess chanced to hear Ask me why I send you here.
-And flew to save, ere yet too late. This firstling of the infant year ;

The pride of the parterre. .Ask me why send to you


I

This Primrose all epearled with dew


1 ;

Yours is, she .said, the nobler hue. 1 straight will whisper iji your ears,
And yours the statelier mien ;
i'he sweets of love are washed with tears.

And, till a third surpa.s.>cs y"U,


-Ask me why this flower doth show
Let each be deemed a queen.
.So yellow, green, and sickly too ;

Ask me why the stalk is weak


J ims, soothed and reconciled, each seeks
And bending, yet it doth not break ;
The fairest British fair :

I must tell you, these discover


The seat of empire is her cheeks,
What doubts and fears are in a lover.
They reign united there.
Carew.
COWPEK.

73
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

ADONIS SLEEPING,
In midst of all, there lay a sleeping youth
Of fondest beauty. Sideway his face reposed
On one white arm, and tenderly unclosed,
By tenderest pressure, a faint damask mouth
To slumbery pout just as the morning south
;

Disparts a dew-lippd rose. Above his head.


Four lily stalks did their white honours wed
To make a coronal ;
and round him grew
All tendrils green, of every bloom and hue,
Together intertwined and trammeld fresh ;

The vine of glossy sprout ;


the ivy mesh.
Shading its Ethiop berries and woodbine, ;

Of velvet leaves, and bugle blooms divine.


Hard by.
Stood serene Cupids w atching silently.
One, kneeling to a lyre, touchd the strings.
Muffling to death the pathos with his wings ;

And, ever and anon, uprose to look


At the youths slumber while another took ;

A willow bough, distilling odorous dew,


And shook it on his hair another flew ;

In through the woven roof, and fluttering-w isc.


Raind violets upon hris sleeping eyes.
Ke.vts.

Mouonna, wherefore hast thou sent to me


Sweet Basil and Mignonette,
Embleming love and health, which never yet
In the same wreath might be.
Alas, and they are wet
with thy kisses or thy tears
Is it ?

For never rain or dew


Such fragrance drew
From plant or flower ;
the very doubt endears
My sadness ever new.
The sighs I breathe, the tears I shed, for thee.
P. B. Shelley.

74
; ; ;

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

There grew pied Wind-flowers and Violels,


Daisies, those pearld Arcturi of the earth,
The constellated flowers that never set
Faint Oxlips ;
tender Blue-bells, at whose birth
The sod scarce heaved ;
and that tall flower that wets
Its mothers face with Heaven-collected tears,
When the low wind, its playmates voice, it hears.

And in the warm hedge grew lush Eglantine,


Green Cow-bind and the moonlight-culour d May
And cherry blossoms, and white cups, whose wine
Was the bright dew yet drained not by the day
And Wild Roses, and Ivy serpentine
With its dark buds and leaves, wandering astray,
And flowers azure, black, and streaked with gold,
Fairer than any wakened eyes behold.

And nearer to the river s trembling edge


There grew broad flag-flowers, purple prankt with while,
And starry river buds among the sedge,
And floating Water-lilies, broad and bright.
Which lit the oak that overhung the hedge
With moonlight beams of their own watery light
And bulrushes, and reeds of such deep green
As soothed the dazzled eye with sober sheen.
P. B. SlIhl.LKY.

F.\ue, Flowrs fade. Nature w'ill have it so;


!

ris but what we must in our autumn do I

And as your leaves lie quiet on the ground.


The loss alone by those that lovd them found ;

So in the grave shall we as quiet lie,


Missd by some few that lovd our company ;

But some so like to thorns and nettles live,


That none for them can, when they perish, grieve.
Waller.

75
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

ARRA.VGEMEA'T OE A The Daffodil most dainty is.


B O UQ UE T. To match with these in meetness ;

The Columbine compared to this.


Here damask Roses, white and red, All much alike for sweetness.
Out of my lap first take I,
These in their natures only are
VV^hich still shall run along the thread,
My chiefest Fit to emboss the border.
flower this make I.
Therefore Ill take especial care
Amongst these Roses in a row, To place them in their order :

Next place I Pinks in plenty.


Sweet-williams, Campions, Sops in-wine.
These double Pansies then for show ;
One by another neatly
And will not this be dainty?.
;

Thus have 1 made this wreath of mine,


The prettyPansy then Ill tie, And finished it featly.
Like Stones some chain inchasing ; Nicholas Dr.wton.
And next to them, their near ally.
The purple Violet placing.
The curious choice clove July flower,
Whose kind hight the Carnation,
THE CHERRY,
For sweetnest of most sovereign power, There is a garden in her face.
Shall help my wreath to fashion ;
Where roses and white lilies grow ;

Whose sundry
A heavenly paradise is that place,
colours of one kind,
Wherein all pleasant fruits do grow ;

First from one root derived,


There cherries grow that none may buy
Them in their several suits Ill bind :

Till cherry ripe themselves do cry.


My garland so contrived.
Those cherries fairly do enclose
A course of Cowslips then Ill stick.
Of orient pearl a double row,
And here and there fthough sparely)
Which, when her lovely laughter shows.
The pleasant Primrose down Ill prick,
I'hey look like rosebuds filld with snow ;
Like pearls that will show rarely
Yet them no peer nor prince may buy
Then with these Marigolds 1 11 make Till cherry ripe themselves do cry.
My garland somewhat swelling,
Her eyes like angels watch them still.
These Honeysuckles then Ill take.
Her brows like bended bows do stand.
Whose sweets shall help their smelling.
Threatening with piercing frowns to kill
The Lily and the Fleur-de-lis, All that approach with eye or hand
For colour much contending ;
These sacred cherries to come nigh.
For that I them do only prize. Till cherry ripe themselves do cry.
They are but poor in scenting. Richard Allison

76
; ; ; ;

LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

THE GA ELAND. At dawn poor Stella dancd and sung


The amrous youth around her bowd .*

The pride of every grove I chose, At night her fatal knell w'as rung I

The violet sweet and lily fair. I saw and kiss'd her in her shroud :

The dappled pink and blushing rose,


To deck my charming Cloes hair. Such as she is, who dyd to-day,
Such I, alas may be to-morrow
! ;

At morn the nymph vouchafd to place Go, Damon, bid thy muse display
Upon her brow the various wreath ;
The justice of thy Cloes .sorrow.
The flowers less blooming than her face,
The scent less fragrant than her breath. Prior.

The flowers she wore along the day :

And every nymph and shepherd said.


That in her hair they lookd more gay
Than glowing in their native bed.
TO THE VIRGINS, TO MAKE
Undrest, at evning, when she found
MUCH OF TIME.
Their odours lost, their colours past
Gather ye rose-buds while ye may :

She changd her look, and on the ground


Old Time is still a-flydng ;
Her garland and her eye she cast.
And this same flower that smiles to day.

That eye dropt sense distinct and clear. To-morrow will be dying.
As any muses tongue could speak,
When from its lid a pearly tear The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun.
Ran trickling dowm her beauteous cheek. The higher hes a-getting.
The sooner will his race be run.
Dissembling what I knew too well ;
And nearer hes to setting.
My love my life
! ! said I, explain
This change of humour ; pray thee tell :

lhat falling tear. What does it mean? 1 hat agebest, which is the first.
is

Whenyouth and blood are warmer


She sighd, she smild ;
and to the flowers But being spent, the worse and worst
Pointing, the lovely moralist said :
Times will succeed the former.
Sec ! some few fleeting hours,
friend, in
Sec yonder, what a change is made 1
Then be not coy, but use your time.
And while ye may, go marry
Ah me ! the blooming pride of May, For having lost but once your prime,
And that of beauty are but one ;
You may for ever tarry.
At mom both flourish bright and gay,
Hoih fade at evning, Dale, and gone ! Robert Herrick.

77
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

SONG OF MA Y MORNING,
Now the bright morning-star, days harbinger.
Comes dancing from the east, and leads with her
The flowery May, who from her green lap throvv.s
The yellow cowslip, and the pale primrose.
Hail, bounteous May, that dost inspire
Mirth, and youth, and warm desire;
Woods and groves are of thy dre.ssing,
Hill and dale doth boast thy blessing.
Thus we salute thee with our early song,
And welcome thee, and wish thee long.
Milton.

A.mong the myrtles as I walkd.


Love and my Sight thus intertalkd :

Tell me, said I, deep di.stress,


in
Where I may find my Shepherdess ?
Thou Fool, said Love, knowst thou not this?
In everything that's sweet she is.
In yond Carnation go and seek,
There thou shalt find her lips and cheek ;

In that enamelld Pansy by,


There thou shalt have her curious eye ;

In bloom of Peach and Ro.ses bud


There waves the streamer of her blood.
Tis true, said I and thereupon
;

I went to pluck them one by one,

To make of parts an union ;

But on a sudden all were gone.


At which I stoppd said Love, these be
;

The true resemblance of Thee ;

For as these Flowers, thy joys must die ;

And in the turning of an eye ;

And all thy hopes of her must wither.


Like those short sweets here knit together.
Robert Herrick.

78
LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS.

FRAGMENT, IN WITHERSPOON^ S
COLLECTION OF SCOTCH SONGS.
Tune Hughie Graham."
O Gi.N luy love were yon red rose.
'J'hat grows upon the castle wa' ;

And I mysel a drap o dew,


Into her bonnie breast to fa !

Oh, there beyond expression blest,


Id feast on beauty a the night ;

Seald on her sillc-saft faulds to rest,


Till fleyd awa by Phoebus light,

O were my love yon lilac fair,


Wi purple blossoms to the spring ;

And I, a bird to shelter there,


Wnen wearied on my little wing :

How I wad mourn, when it was torn

By autumn wild, and winter rude !

But I wad sing on wanton wing.


*
When youthfu May its bloom renewd

* These stanzas were added by Burns.

THE DAISY.
Of all the floures in the mede
Than love I most these and rede
floures white
Soch that men callen Daisies in our town,
To hem have so great affection.
I

As I sayd erst, when comen is the Maie,


That in my bedde there daweth me no daie.
That 1 n'am up and walking in the mede
To see this floure ayenst the Sunne sprede ;

Whan it up riseth early by the morrow,


That blissful sight softeneth all my sorrow.
Chaucf.r.

79
ILL USTRA TIONS.

Page
a Acacia JTrifnlJgfjtp
7
Bladder Nut Tree Jfribolito. Sfmusfmmt .
9
(JT Cowslip, American Dibine bcnutg. "gou art mg
bibinilg II

D Dead Leaves ....


Enchanters Nightshade
5atmcs3 .... 15

16
!E

Fig Marigold
. jySitcbcraft.

Cblenegg ....
^orcrrjj

jr

Grape, Wild .... f)antp. .... 17

Hyacinth .... S>port. ante,


....plan .
19
21

5 Indian Jasmine (Ipomiea) Sttactinmt


3 Lauder
Jacobs (Come Ijoixm .... 23
24
let Kennedia .... JHental beautu
.... 25
IL Larkspur, Purple . lEtaufibtiness 26
Moss JHatemal lobe 28
Nettle Tree .... (Concert 30
Osmunda Dreamg 3^

Periwinkle, Blue . arlg fn'enli3f)ip 32


<Q Queens Rocket gou are tf)e ^5ueen of (Coquettes.
jragt)ion . . . .
35
ia Rose Hobe 36
Southernwood ISantermg 38
2T Thrift
3egt.

5'gmpatts .... .

40
V Veronica ifibelitg 42
ESS Wood Sorrel 3og. fraternal tcnberness .
43
Xeranthbmum (Cteerfulnegg unber abbergitg 45
Yew 46
2 Zephyr Flowbr
^orrobj
ipectetion .... 47

%o
[
I
^GAGE of